Abstract

We demonstrate a two-fold reach extension of 16 GBaud 16–Quadrature Amplitude Modulation (QAM) wavelength division multiplexed (WDM) system based on erbium doped fiber amplifier (EDFA)-only amplified standard and single mode fiber -based link. The result is enabled by transmitter-side digital backpropagation and frequency referenced carriers drawn from a parametric comb.

© 2015 Optical Society of America

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2015 (1)

R. Maher, T. Xu, L. Galdino, M. Sato, A. Alvarado, K. Shi, S. J. Savory, B. C. Thomsen, R. I. Killey, and P. Bayvel, “Spectrally shaped DP-16QAM super-channel transmission with multichannel digital back-propagation,” Sci. Rep. 5, 8214 (2015).

2014 (3)

2013 (3)

A. K. Mishra, R. Schmogrow, L. Tomkos, D. Hillerkuss, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “Flexible RF-based comb generator,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 25(7), 701–704 (2013).
[Crossref]

D. Hillerkuss, T. Schellinger, M. Jordan, C. Weimann, F. Parmigiani, B. Resan, K. Weingarten, S. Ben-Ezra, B. Nebendahl, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “High-quality optical frequency comb by spectral slicing of spectra broadened by SPM,” Photonics J. 5(5), 7201011 (2013).
[Crossref]

X. Liu, A. R. Chraplyvy, P. J. Winzer, R. W. Tkach, and S. Chandrasekhar, “Phase-conjugated twin waves for communication beyond the Kerr nonlinearity limit,” Nat. Photonics 7(7), 560–568 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (3)

2011 (1)

2010 (1)

2008 (4)

2007 (3)

S. J. Savory, G. Gavioli, R. I. Killey, and P. Bayvel, “Electronic compensation of chromatic dispersion using a digital coherent receiver,” Opt. Express 15(5), 2120–2126 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Inuzuka, E. Yamazaki, K. Yonenaga, and A. Takada, “Performance of nonlinear interchannel crosstalk pre-compensation at zero-dispersion wavelength using carrier phase-locked WDM,” Electron. Lett. 43(13), 729–730 (2007).
[Crossref]

T. Sakamoto, T. Kawanishi, and M. Izutsu, “Widely wavelength-tunable ultra-flat frequency comb generation using conventional dual-drive Mach-Zehnder modulator,” Electron. Lett. 43(19), 1039–1040 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (2)

S. L. Jansen, D. van der Borne, P. M. Krummrich, S. Spalter, G.-D. Khoe, and H. de Waardt, “Long-haul DWDM transmission systems employing optical phase conjugation,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12(4), 505–520 (2006).
[Crossref]

M. H. Taghavi, G. C. Papen, and P. H. Siegel, “On the multiuser capacity of WDM in a nonlinear optical fiber: Coherent communication,” IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory 52(11), 5008–5022 (2006).
[Crossref]

2005 (1)

2004 (1)

S. M. Berber, “An automated method for BER characteristics measurement,” IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 53(2), 575–580 (2004).
[Crossref]

2003 (1)

K. S. Turitsyn, S. A. Derevyanko, I. V. Yurkevich, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Information capacity of optical fiber channels with zero average dispersion,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91(20), 203901 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2001 (2)

P. P. Mitra and J. B. Stark, “Nonlinear limits to the information capacity of optical fibre communications,” Nature 411(6841), 1027–1030 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Tang, “The Shannon channel capacity of dispersion-free nonlinear optical fiber transmission,” J. Lightwave Technol. 19(8), 1104–1109 (2001).
[Crossref]

Alic, N.

Alvarado, A.

R. Maher, T. Xu, L. Galdino, M. Sato, A. Alvarado, K. Shi, S. J. Savory, B. C. Thomsen, R. I. Killey, and P. Bayvel, “Spectrally shaped DP-16QAM super-channel transmission with multichannel digital back-propagation,” Sci. Rep. 5, 8214 (2015).

Ataie, V.

E. Temprana, V. Ataie, B. P.-P. Kuo, E. Myslivets, N. Alic, and S. Radic, “Low-noise parametric frequency comb for continuous C-plus-L-band 16-QAM channels generation,” Opt. Express 22(6), 6822–6828 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Temprana, V. Ataie, B. P.-P. Kuo, E. Myslivets, N. Alic, and S. Radic, “Dynamic reconfiguration of parametric frequency comb for superchannel and flex-grid transmitters,” in 2014 European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC, 2014), pp. 21–25.
[Crossref]

Bayvel, P.

R. Maher, T. Xu, L. Galdino, M. Sato, A. Alvarado, K. Shi, S. J. Savory, B. C. Thomsen, R. I. Killey, and P. Bayvel, “Spectrally shaped DP-16QAM super-channel transmission with multichannel digital back-propagation,” Sci. Rep. 5, 8214 (2015).

S. J. Savory, G. Gavioli, R. I. Killey, and P. Bayvel, “Electronic compensation of chromatic dispersion using a digital coherent receiver,” Opt. Express 15(5), 2120–2126 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ben-Ezra, S.

D. Hillerkuss, T. Schellinger, M. Jordan, C. Weimann, F. Parmigiani, B. Resan, K. Weingarten, S. Ben-Ezra, B. Nebendahl, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “High-quality optical frequency comb by spectral slicing of spectra broadened by SPM,” Photonics J. 5(5), 7201011 (2013).
[Crossref]

Berber, S. M.

S. M. Berber, “An automated method for BER characteristics measurement,” IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 53(2), 575–580 (2004).
[Crossref]

Calabro, S.

Chandrasekhar, S.

X. Liu, A. R. Chraplyvy, P. J. Winzer, R. W. Tkach, and S. Chandrasekhar, “Phase-conjugated twin waves for communication beyond the Kerr nonlinearity limit,” Nat. Photonics 7(7), 560–568 (2013).
[Crossref]

N. K. Fontaine, X. Liu, S. Chandrasekhar, R. Ryf, S. Randel, P. Winzer, R. Delbue, P. Pupalaikis, and A. Sureka, “Fiber nonlinearity compensation by digital backpropagation of an entire 1.2-Tb/s superchannel using a full-field spectrally-sliced receiver,” in 39th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC, 2013), pp. 22–26.
[Crossref]

Chen, X.

Chraplyvy, A. R.

X. Liu, A. R. Chraplyvy, P. J. Winzer, R. W. Tkach, and S. Chandrasekhar, “Phase-conjugated twin waves for communication beyond the Kerr nonlinearity limit,” Nat. Photonics 7(7), 560–568 (2013).
[Crossref]

Cotter, D.

de Waardt, H.

S. L. Jansen, D. van der Borne, P. M. Krummrich, S. Spalter, G.-D. Khoe, and H. de Waardt, “Long-haul DWDM transmission systems employing optical phase conjugation,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12(4), 505–520 (2006).
[Crossref]

Delbue, R.

N. K. Fontaine, X. Liu, S. Chandrasekhar, R. Ryf, S. Randel, P. Winzer, R. Delbue, P. Pupalaikis, and A. Sureka, “Fiber nonlinearity compensation by digital backpropagation of an entire 1.2-Tb/s superchannel using a full-field spectrally-sliced receiver,” in 39th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC, 2013), pp. 22–26.
[Crossref]

Derevyanko, S. A.

K. S. Turitsyn, S. A. Derevyanko, I. V. Yurkevich, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Information capacity of optical fiber channels with zero average dispersion,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91(20), 203901 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Djordjevic, I.

Ellis, A. D.

Elschner, R.

T. Tanimura, T. Kato, R. Okabe, S. Oda, T. Richter, R. Elschner, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, C. Schubert, J. C. Rasmussen, and S. Watanabe, “Coherent reception and 126 GHz bandwidth digital signal processing of CO OFDM superchannel generated by fiber frequency conversion,” in 2014 European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC, 2014), pp. 9–13.
[Crossref]

Essiambre, R.-J.

R.-J. Essiambre, G. J. Foschini, G. Kramer, and P. J. Winzer, “Capacity limits of information transport in fiber-optic networks,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(16), 163901 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fontaine, N. K.

N. K. Fontaine, X. Liu, S. Chandrasekhar, R. Ryf, S. Randel, P. Winzer, R. Delbue, P. Pupalaikis, and A. Sureka, “Fiber nonlinearity compensation by digital backpropagation of an entire 1.2-Tb/s superchannel using a full-field spectrally-sliced receiver,” in 39th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC, 2013), pp. 22–26.
[Crossref]

Foschini, G. J.

R.-J. Essiambre, G. J. Foschini, G. Kramer, and P. J. Winzer, “Capacity limits of information transport in fiber-optic networks,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(16), 163901 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Freude, W.

A. K. Mishra, R. Schmogrow, L. Tomkos, D. Hillerkuss, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “Flexible RF-based comb generator,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 25(7), 701–704 (2013).
[Crossref]

D. Hillerkuss, T. Schellinger, M. Jordan, C. Weimann, F. Parmigiani, B. Resan, K. Weingarten, S. Ben-Ezra, B. Nebendahl, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “High-quality optical frequency comb by spectral slicing of spectra broadened by SPM,” Photonics J. 5(5), 7201011 (2013).
[Crossref]

Gabitov, I.

Galdino, L.

R. Maher, T. Xu, L. Galdino, M. Sato, A. Alvarado, K. Shi, S. J. Savory, B. C. Thomsen, R. I. Killey, and P. Bayvel, “Spectrally shaped DP-16QAM super-channel transmission with multichannel digital back-propagation,” Sci. Rep. 5, 8214 (2015).

Gavioli, G.

Goldfarb, G.

Hillerkuss, D.

D. Hillerkuss, T. Schellinger, M. Jordan, C. Weimann, F. Parmigiani, B. Resan, K. Weingarten, S. Ben-Ezra, B. Nebendahl, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “High-quality optical frequency comb by spectral slicing of spectra broadened by SPM,” Photonics J. 5(5), 7201011 (2013).
[Crossref]

A. K. Mishra, R. Schmogrow, L. Tomkos, D. Hillerkuss, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “Flexible RF-based comb generator,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 25(7), 701–704 (2013).
[Crossref]

Inuzuka, F.

F. Inuzuka, E. Yamazaki, K. Yonenaga, and A. Takada, “Performance of nonlinear interchannel crosstalk pre-compensation at zero-dispersion wavelength using carrier phase-locked WDM,” Electron. Lett. 43(13), 729–730 (2007).
[Crossref]

Ip, E.

Ivkovic, M.

Izutsu, M.

T. Sakamoto, T. Kawanishi, and M. Izutsu, “Widely wavelength-tunable ultra-flat frequency comb generation using conventional dual-drive Mach-Zehnder modulator,” Electron. Lett. 43(19), 1039–1040 (2007).
[Crossref]

Jansen, S. L.

S. L. Jansen, D. van der Borne, P. M. Krummrich, S. Spalter, G.-D. Khoe, and H. de Waardt, “Long-haul DWDM transmission systems employing optical phase conjugation,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12(4), 505–520 (2006).
[Crossref]

Jordan, M.

D. Hillerkuss, T. Schellinger, M. Jordan, C. Weimann, F. Parmigiani, B. Resan, K. Weingarten, S. Ben-Ezra, B. Nebendahl, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “High-quality optical frequency comb by spectral slicing of spectra broadened by SPM,” Photonics J. 5(5), 7201011 (2013).
[Crossref]

Kahn, J. M.

Kato, T.

T. Tanimura, T. Kato, R. Okabe, S. Oda, T. Richter, R. Elschner, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, C. Schubert, J. C. Rasmussen, and S. Watanabe, “Coherent reception and 126 GHz bandwidth digital signal processing of CO OFDM superchannel generated by fiber frequency conversion,” in 2014 European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC, 2014), pp. 9–13.
[Crossref]

Kawanishi, T.

T. Sakamoto, T. Kawanishi, and M. Izutsu, “Widely wavelength-tunable ultra-flat frequency comb generation using conventional dual-drive Mach-Zehnder modulator,” Electron. Lett. 43(19), 1039–1040 (2007).
[Crossref]

Khoe, G.-D.

S. L. Jansen, D. van der Borne, P. M. Krummrich, S. Spalter, G.-D. Khoe, and H. de Waardt, “Long-haul DWDM transmission systems employing optical phase conjugation,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12(4), 505–520 (2006).
[Crossref]

Killey, R. I.

R. Maher, T. Xu, L. Galdino, M. Sato, A. Alvarado, K. Shi, S. J. Savory, B. C. Thomsen, R. I. Killey, and P. Bayvel, “Spectrally shaped DP-16QAM super-channel transmission with multichannel digital back-propagation,” Sci. Rep. 5, 8214 (2015).

S. J. Savory, G. Gavioli, R. I. Killey, and P. Bayvel, “Electronic compensation of chromatic dispersion using a digital coherent receiver,” Opt. Express 15(5), 2120–2126 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kim, I.

Koos, C.

A. K. Mishra, R. Schmogrow, L. Tomkos, D. Hillerkuss, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “Flexible RF-based comb generator,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 25(7), 701–704 (2013).
[Crossref]

D. Hillerkuss, T. Schellinger, M. Jordan, C. Weimann, F. Parmigiani, B. Resan, K. Weingarten, S. Ben-Ezra, B. Nebendahl, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “High-quality optical frequency comb by spectral slicing of spectra broadened by SPM,” Photonics J. 5(5), 7201011 (2013).
[Crossref]

Kramer, G.

R.-J. Essiambre, G. J. Foschini, G. Kramer, and P. J. Winzer, “Capacity limits of information transport in fiber-optic networks,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(16), 163901 (2008).
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Krummrich, P. M.

S. L. Jansen, D. van der Borne, P. M. Krummrich, S. Spalter, G.-D. Khoe, and H. de Waardt, “Long-haul DWDM transmission systems employing optical phase conjugation,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12(4), 505–520 (2006).
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Kuo, B.

Kuo, B. P.

Kuo, B. P.-P.

E. Temprana, V. Ataie, B. P.-P. Kuo, E. Myslivets, N. Alic, and S. Radic, “Low-noise parametric frequency comb for continuous C-plus-L-band 16-QAM channels generation,” Opt. Express 22(6), 6822–6828 (2014).
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E. Temprana, V. Ataie, B. P.-P. Kuo, E. Myslivets, N. Alic, and S. Radic, “Dynamic reconfiguration of parametric frequency comb for superchannel and flex-grid transmitters,” in 2014 European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC, 2014), pp. 21–25.
[Crossref]

Le, S. T.

S. T. Le, M. E. McCarthy, N. Mac Suibhne, A. D. Ellis, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Phase-conjugated pilots for fibre nonlinearity compensation in CO-OFDM transmission,” in 2014 European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC, 2014), pp. 21–25.
[Crossref]

Leuthold, J.

D. Hillerkuss, T. Schellinger, M. Jordan, C. Weimann, F. Parmigiani, B. Resan, K. Weingarten, S. Ben-Ezra, B. Nebendahl, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “High-quality optical frequency comb by spectral slicing of spectra broadened by SPM,” Photonics J. 5(5), 7201011 (2013).
[Crossref]

A. K. Mishra, R. Schmogrow, L. Tomkos, D. Hillerkuss, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “Flexible RF-based comb generator,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 25(7), 701–704 (2013).
[Crossref]

Li, G.

Li, X.

Liu, X.

X. Liu, A. R. Chraplyvy, P. J. Winzer, R. W. Tkach, and S. Chandrasekhar, “Phase-conjugated twin waves for communication beyond the Kerr nonlinearity limit,” Nat. Photonics 7(7), 560–568 (2013).
[Crossref]

N. K. Fontaine, X. Liu, S. Chandrasekhar, R. Ryf, S. Randel, P. Winzer, R. Delbue, P. Pupalaikis, and A. Sureka, “Fiber nonlinearity compensation by digital backpropagation of an entire 1.2-Tb/s superchannel using a full-field spectrally-sliced receiver,” in 39th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC, 2013), pp. 22–26.
[Crossref]

Mac Suibhne, N.

S. T. Le, M. E. McCarthy, N. Mac Suibhne, A. D. Ellis, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Phase-conjugated pilots for fibre nonlinearity compensation in CO-OFDM transmission,” in 2014 European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC, 2014), pp. 21–25.
[Crossref]

Maher, R.

R. Maher, T. Xu, L. Galdino, M. Sato, A. Alvarado, K. Shi, S. J. Savory, B. C. Thomsen, R. I. Killey, and P. Bayvel, “Spectrally shaped DP-16QAM super-channel transmission with multichannel digital back-propagation,” Sci. Rep. 5, 8214 (2015).

Mateo, E.

McCarthy, M. E.

S. T. Le, M. E. McCarthy, N. Mac Suibhne, A. D. Ellis, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Phase-conjugated pilots for fibre nonlinearity compensation in CO-OFDM transmission,” in 2014 European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC, 2014), pp. 21–25.
[Crossref]

Mishra, A. K.

A. K. Mishra, R. Schmogrow, L. Tomkos, D. Hillerkuss, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “Flexible RF-based comb generator,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 25(7), 701–704 (2013).
[Crossref]

Mitra, P. P.

P. P. Mitra and J. B. Stark, “Nonlinear limits to the information capacity of optical fibre communications,” Nature 411(6841), 1027–1030 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Myslivets, E.

Napoli, A.

Nebendahl, B.

D. Hillerkuss, T. Schellinger, M. Jordan, C. Weimann, F. Parmigiani, B. Resan, K. Weingarten, S. Ben-Ezra, B. Nebendahl, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “High-quality optical frequency comb by spectral slicing of spectra broadened by SPM,” Photonics J. 5(5), 7201011 (2013).
[Crossref]

Oda, S.

T. Tanimura, T. Kato, R. Okabe, S. Oda, T. Richter, R. Elschner, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, C. Schubert, J. C. Rasmussen, and S. Watanabe, “Coherent reception and 126 GHz bandwidth digital signal processing of CO OFDM superchannel generated by fiber frequency conversion,” in 2014 European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC, 2014), pp. 9–13.
[Crossref]

Okabe, R.

T. Tanimura, T. Kato, R. Okabe, S. Oda, T. Richter, R. Elschner, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, C. Schubert, J. C. Rasmussen, and S. Watanabe, “Coherent reception and 126 GHz bandwidth digital signal processing of CO OFDM superchannel generated by fiber frequency conversion,” in 2014 European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC, 2014), pp. 9–13.
[Crossref]

Papen, G. C.

M. H. Taghavi, G. C. Papen, and P. H. Siegel, “On the multiuser capacity of WDM in a nonlinear optical fiber: Coherent communication,” IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory 52(11), 5008–5022 (2006).
[Crossref]

Parmigiani, F.

D. Hillerkuss, T. Schellinger, M. Jordan, C. Weimann, F. Parmigiani, B. Resan, K. Weingarten, S. Ben-Ezra, B. Nebendahl, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “High-quality optical frequency comb by spectral slicing of spectra broadened by SPM,” Photonics J. 5(5), 7201011 (2013).
[Crossref]

Petropoulos, P.

Pupalaikis, P.

N. K. Fontaine, X. Liu, S. Chandrasekhar, R. Ryf, S. Randel, P. Winzer, R. Delbue, P. Pupalaikis, and A. Sureka, “Fiber nonlinearity compensation by digital backpropagation of an entire 1.2-Tb/s superchannel using a full-field spectrally-sliced receiver,” in 39th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC, 2013), pp. 22–26.
[Crossref]

Radic, S.

Rafique, D.

Randel, S.

N. K. Fontaine, X. Liu, S. Chandrasekhar, R. Ryf, S. Randel, P. Winzer, R. Delbue, P. Pupalaikis, and A. Sureka, “Fiber nonlinearity compensation by digital backpropagation of an entire 1.2-Tb/s superchannel using a full-field spectrally-sliced receiver,” in 39th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC, 2013), pp. 22–26.
[Crossref]

Rasmussen, J. C.

T. Tanimura, T. Kato, R. Okabe, S. Oda, T. Richter, R. Elschner, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, C. Schubert, J. C. Rasmussen, and S. Watanabe, “Coherent reception and 126 GHz bandwidth digital signal processing of CO OFDM superchannel generated by fiber frequency conversion,” in 2014 European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC, 2014), pp. 9–13.
[Crossref]

Resan, B.

D. Hillerkuss, T. Schellinger, M. Jordan, C. Weimann, F. Parmigiani, B. Resan, K. Weingarten, S. Ben-Ezra, B. Nebendahl, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “High-quality optical frequency comb by spectral slicing of spectra broadened by SPM,” Photonics J. 5(5), 7201011 (2013).
[Crossref]

Richardson, D.

Richter, T.

T. Tanimura, T. Kato, R. Okabe, S. Oda, T. Richter, R. Elschner, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, C. Schubert, J. C. Rasmussen, and S. Watanabe, “Coherent reception and 126 GHz bandwidth digital signal processing of CO OFDM superchannel generated by fiber frequency conversion,” in 2014 European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC, 2014), pp. 9–13.
[Crossref]

Ryf, R.

N. K. Fontaine, X. Liu, S. Chandrasekhar, R. Ryf, S. Randel, P. Winzer, R. Delbue, P. Pupalaikis, and A. Sureka, “Fiber nonlinearity compensation by digital backpropagation of an entire 1.2-Tb/s superchannel using a full-field spectrally-sliced receiver,” in 39th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC, 2013), pp. 22–26.
[Crossref]

Sakamoto, T.

T. Sakamoto, T. Kawanishi, and M. Izutsu, “Widely wavelength-tunable ultra-flat frequency comb generation using conventional dual-drive Mach-Zehnder modulator,” Electron. Lett. 43(19), 1039–1040 (2007).
[Crossref]

Sato, M.

R. Maher, T. Xu, L. Galdino, M. Sato, A. Alvarado, K. Shi, S. J. Savory, B. C. Thomsen, R. I. Killey, and P. Bayvel, “Spectrally shaped DP-16QAM super-channel transmission with multichannel digital back-propagation,” Sci. Rep. 5, 8214 (2015).

Savory, S. J.

R. Maher, T. Xu, L. Galdino, M. Sato, A. Alvarado, K. Shi, S. J. Savory, B. C. Thomsen, R. I. Killey, and P. Bayvel, “Spectrally shaped DP-16QAM super-channel transmission with multichannel digital back-propagation,” Sci. Rep. 5, 8214 (2015).

S. J. Savory, “Digital filters for coherent optical receivers,” Opt. Express 16(2), 804–817 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. J. Savory, G. Gavioli, R. I. Killey, and P. Bayvel, “Electronic compensation of chromatic dispersion using a digital coherent receiver,” Opt. Express 15(5), 2120–2126 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schellinger, T.

D. Hillerkuss, T. Schellinger, M. Jordan, C. Weimann, F. Parmigiani, B. Resan, K. Weingarten, S. Ben-Ezra, B. Nebendahl, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “High-quality optical frequency comb by spectral slicing of spectra broadened by SPM,” Photonics J. 5(5), 7201011 (2013).
[Crossref]

Schmidt-Langhorst, C.

T. Tanimura, T. Kato, R. Okabe, S. Oda, T. Richter, R. Elschner, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, C. Schubert, J. C. Rasmussen, and S. Watanabe, “Coherent reception and 126 GHz bandwidth digital signal processing of CO OFDM superchannel generated by fiber frequency conversion,” in 2014 European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC, 2014), pp. 9–13.
[Crossref]

Schmogrow, R.

A. K. Mishra, R. Schmogrow, L. Tomkos, D. Hillerkuss, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “Flexible RF-based comb generator,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 25(7), 701–704 (2013).
[Crossref]

Schubert, C.

T. Tanimura, T. Kato, R. Okabe, S. Oda, T. Richter, R. Elschner, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, C. Schubert, J. C. Rasmussen, and S. Watanabe, “Coherent reception and 126 GHz bandwidth digital signal processing of CO OFDM superchannel generated by fiber frequency conversion,” in 2014 European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC, 2014), pp. 9–13.
[Crossref]

Shi, K.

R. Maher, T. Xu, L. Galdino, M. Sato, A. Alvarado, K. Shi, S. J. Savory, B. C. Thomsen, R. I. Killey, and P. Bayvel, “Spectrally shaped DP-16QAM super-channel transmission with multichannel digital back-propagation,” Sci. Rep. 5, 8214 (2015).

Siegel, P. H.

M. H. Taghavi, G. C. Papen, and P. H. Siegel, “On the multiuser capacity of WDM in a nonlinear optical fiber: Coherent communication,” IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory 52(11), 5008–5022 (2006).
[Crossref]

Spalter, S.

S. L. Jansen, D. van der Borne, P. M. Krummrich, S. Spalter, G.-D. Khoe, and H. de Waardt, “Long-haul DWDM transmission systems employing optical phase conjugation,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12(4), 505–520 (2006).
[Crossref]

Spinnler, B.

Stark, J. B.

P. P. Mitra and J. B. Stark, “Nonlinear limits to the information capacity of optical fibre communications,” Nature 411(6841), 1027–1030 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sureka, A.

N. K. Fontaine, X. Liu, S. Chandrasekhar, R. Ryf, S. Randel, P. Winzer, R. Delbue, P. Pupalaikis, and A. Sureka, “Fiber nonlinearity compensation by digital backpropagation of an entire 1.2-Tb/s superchannel using a full-field spectrally-sliced receiver,” in 39th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC, 2013), pp. 22–26.
[Crossref]

Taghavi, M. H.

M. H. Taghavi, G. C. Papen, and P. H. Siegel, “On the multiuser capacity of WDM in a nonlinear optical fiber: Coherent communication,” IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory 52(11), 5008–5022 (2006).
[Crossref]

Takada, A.

F. Inuzuka, E. Yamazaki, K. Yonenaga, and A. Takada, “Performance of nonlinear interchannel crosstalk pre-compensation at zero-dispersion wavelength using carrier phase-locked WDM,” Electron. Lett. 43(13), 729–730 (2007).
[Crossref]

Tang, J.

Tanimura, T.

T. Tanimura, T. Kato, R. Okabe, S. Oda, T. Richter, R. Elschner, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, C. Schubert, J. C. Rasmussen, and S. Watanabe, “Coherent reception and 126 GHz bandwidth digital signal processing of CO OFDM superchannel generated by fiber frequency conversion,” in 2014 European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC, 2014), pp. 9–13.
[Crossref]

Temprana, E.

Thomsen, B. C.

R. Maher, T. Xu, L. Galdino, M. Sato, A. Alvarado, K. Shi, S. J. Savory, B. C. Thomsen, R. I. Killey, and P. Bayvel, “Spectrally shaped DP-16QAM super-channel transmission with multichannel digital back-propagation,” Sci. Rep. 5, 8214 (2015).

Tkach, R. W.

X. Liu, A. R. Chraplyvy, P. J. Winzer, R. W. Tkach, and S. Chandrasekhar, “Phase-conjugated twin waves for communication beyond the Kerr nonlinearity limit,” Nat. Photonics 7(7), 560–568 (2013).
[Crossref]

Tomkos, L.

A. K. Mishra, R. Schmogrow, L. Tomkos, D. Hillerkuss, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “Flexible RF-based comb generator,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 25(7), 701–704 (2013).
[Crossref]

Turitsyn, K. S.

K. S. Turitsyn, S. A. Derevyanko, I. V. Yurkevich, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Information capacity of optical fiber channels with zero average dispersion,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91(20), 203901 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Turitsyn, S. K.

K. S. Turitsyn, S. A. Derevyanko, I. V. Yurkevich, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Information capacity of optical fiber channels with zero average dispersion,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91(20), 203901 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. T. Le, M. E. McCarthy, N. Mac Suibhne, A. D. Ellis, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Phase-conjugated pilots for fibre nonlinearity compensation in CO-OFDM transmission,” in 2014 European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC, 2014), pp. 21–25.
[Crossref]

van der Borne, D.

S. L. Jansen, D. van der Borne, P. M. Krummrich, S. Spalter, G.-D. Khoe, and H. de Waardt, “Long-haul DWDM transmission systems employing optical phase conjugation,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12(4), 505–520 (2006).
[Crossref]

Vasic, B.

Watanabe, S.

T. Tanimura, T. Kato, R. Okabe, S. Oda, T. Richter, R. Elschner, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, C. Schubert, J. C. Rasmussen, and S. Watanabe, “Coherent reception and 126 GHz bandwidth digital signal processing of CO OFDM superchannel generated by fiber frequency conversion,” in 2014 European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC, 2014), pp. 9–13.
[Crossref]

Weimann, C.

D. Hillerkuss, T. Schellinger, M. Jordan, C. Weimann, F. Parmigiani, B. Resan, K. Weingarten, S. Ben-Ezra, B. Nebendahl, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “High-quality optical frequency comb by spectral slicing of spectra broadened by SPM,” Photonics J. 5(5), 7201011 (2013).
[Crossref]

Weingarten, K.

D. Hillerkuss, T. Schellinger, M. Jordan, C. Weimann, F. Parmigiani, B. Resan, K. Weingarten, S. Ben-Ezra, B. Nebendahl, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “High-quality optical frequency comb by spectral slicing of spectra broadened by SPM,” Photonics J. 5(5), 7201011 (2013).
[Crossref]

Winzer, P.

N. K. Fontaine, X. Liu, S. Chandrasekhar, R. Ryf, S. Randel, P. Winzer, R. Delbue, P. Pupalaikis, and A. Sureka, “Fiber nonlinearity compensation by digital backpropagation of an entire 1.2-Tb/s superchannel using a full-field spectrally-sliced receiver,” in 39th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC, 2013), pp. 22–26.
[Crossref]

Winzer, P. J.

X. Liu, A. R. Chraplyvy, P. J. Winzer, R. W. Tkach, and S. Chandrasekhar, “Phase-conjugated twin waves for communication beyond the Kerr nonlinearity limit,” Nat. Photonics 7(7), 560–568 (2013).
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P. J. Winzer, “High-spectral-efficiency optical modulation formats,” J. Lightwave Technol. 30(24), 3824–3835 (2012).
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R.-J. Essiambre, G. J. Foschini, G. Kramer, and P. J. Winzer, “Capacity limits of information transport in fiber-optic networks,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(16), 163901 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xu, T.

R. Maher, T. Xu, L. Galdino, M. Sato, A. Alvarado, K. Shi, S. J. Savory, B. C. Thomsen, R. I. Killey, and P. Bayvel, “Spectrally shaped DP-16QAM super-channel transmission with multichannel digital back-propagation,” Sci. Rep. 5, 8214 (2015).

Yaman, F.

Yamazaki, E.

F. Inuzuka, E. Yamazaki, K. Yonenaga, and A. Takada, “Performance of nonlinear interchannel crosstalk pre-compensation at zero-dispersion wavelength using carrier phase-locked WDM,” Electron. Lett. 43(13), 729–730 (2007).
[Crossref]

Yang, X.

Yonenaga, K.

F. Inuzuka, E. Yamazaki, K. Yonenaga, and A. Takada, “Performance of nonlinear interchannel crosstalk pre-compensation at zero-dispersion wavelength using carrier phase-locked WDM,” Electron. Lett. 43(13), 729–730 (2007).
[Crossref]

Yurkevich, I. V.

K. S. Turitsyn, S. A. Derevyanko, I. V. Yurkevich, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Information capacity of optical fiber channels with zero average dispersion,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91(20), 203901 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhao, J.

Electron. Lett. (2)

F. Inuzuka, E. Yamazaki, K. Yonenaga, and A. Takada, “Performance of nonlinear interchannel crosstalk pre-compensation at zero-dispersion wavelength using carrier phase-locked WDM,” Electron. Lett. 43(13), 729–730 (2007).
[Crossref]

T. Sakamoto, T. Kawanishi, and M. Izutsu, “Widely wavelength-tunable ultra-flat frequency comb generation using conventional dual-drive Mach-Zehnder modulator,” Electron. Lett. 43(19), 1039–1040 (2007).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

S. L. Jansen, D. van der Borne, P. M. Krummrich, S. Spalter, G.-D. Khoe, and H. de Waardt, “Long-haul DWDM transmission systems employing optical phase conjugation,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12(4), 505–520 (2006).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (1)

A. K. Mishra, R. Schmogrow, L. Tomkos, D. Hillerkuss, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “Flexible RF-based comb generator,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 25(7), 701–704 (2013).
[Crossref]

IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory (1)

M. H. Taghavi, G. C. Papen, and P. H. Siegel, “On the multiuser capacity of WDM in a nonlinear optical fiber: Coherent communication,” IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory 52(11), 5008–5022 (2006).
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IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. (1)

S. M. Berber, “An automated method for BER characteristics measurement,” IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 53(2), 575–580 (2004).
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J. Lightwave Technol. (8)

Nat. Photonics (1)

X. Liu, A. R. Chraplyvy, P. J. Winzer, R. W. Tkach, and S. Chandrasekhar, “Phase-conjugated twin waves for communication beyond the Kerr nonlinearity limit,” Nat. Photonics 7(7), 560–568 (2013).
[Crossref]

Nature (1)

P. P. Mitra and J. B. Stark, “Nonlinear limits to the information capacity of optical fibre communications,” Nature 411(6841), 1027–1030 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (6)

Photonics J. (1)

D. Hillerkuss, T. Schellinger, M. Jordan, C. Weimann, F. Parmigiani, B. Resan, K. Weingarten, S. Ben-Ezra, B. Nebendahl, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “High-quality optical frequency comb by spectral slicing of spectra broadened by SPM,” Photonics J. 5(5), 7201011 (2013).
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K. S. Turitsyn, S. A. Derevyanko, I. V. Yurkevich, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Information capacity of optical fiber channels with zero average dispersion,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91(20), 203901 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R.-J. Essiambre, G. J. Foschini, G. Kramer, and P. J. Winzer, “Capacity limits of information transport in fiber-optic networks,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(16), 163901 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sci. Rep. (1)

R. Maher, T. Xu, L. Galdino, M. Sato, A. Alvarado, K. Shi, S. J. Savory, B. C. Thomsen, R. I. Killey, and P. Bayvel, “Spectrally shaped DP-16QAM super-channel transmission with multichannel digital back-propagation,” Sci. Rep. 5, 8214 (2015).

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R. Maher, D. Lavery, D. Millar, A. Alvarado, K. Parsons, R. Killey, and P. Bayvel, “Reach enhancement of 100% for a DP-64QAM super-channel using MC-DBP,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (online) (OSA, 2015), paper Th4D.5.
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I. Phillips, M. Tan, M. Stephens, M. McCarthy, E. Giacoumidis, S. Sygletos, P. Rosa, S. Fabbri, S. Le, T. Kanesan, S. Turitsyn, N. Doran, P. Harper, and A. Ellis, “Exceeding the Nonlinear-Shannon Limit using Raman laser based amplification and optical phase conjugation,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (online) (OSA, 2014), paper M3C.1.
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H. Hu, R. Jopson, A. Gnauck, M. Dinu, S. Chandrasekhar, X. Liu, C. Xie, M. Montoliu, S. Randel, and C. McKinstrie, “Fiber Nonlinearity Compensation of an 8-channel WDM PDM-QPSK Signal using multiple phase conjugations,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (online) (OSA, 2014), paper M3C.2.
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N. Alic and S. Radic, “Optical frequency combs for telecom and datacom applications” in Optical Fiber Communications Conference and Exhibition (OFC, 2014), paper W4E.4.

V. Ataie, E. Temprana, L. Liu, Y. Myslivets, P. P. Kuo, N. Alic, and S. Radic, “Flex-grid compatible ultra wide frequency comb source for 31.8 Tb/s coherent transmission of 1520 UDWDM channels,” in Optical Fiber Communications Conference and Exhibition (OFC, 2014), paper Th5B.7.

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[Crossref]

Fujitsu Semiconductor Europe Factsheet, www.fujitsu.com/downloads/MICRO/fme/documentation/c60.pdf

X. Liu, S. Chandrasekhar, P. J. Winzer, B. Maheux-L, G. Brochu, and F. Trepanier, “Efficient fiber nonlinearity mitigation in 50-GHz-DWDM transmission of 256-Gb/s PDM-16QAM signals by folded digital-back-propagation and channelized FBG-DCMs,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (online) (OSA, 2014), paper Tu3A.8.
[Crossref]

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Figures (10)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Digital Backpropagation block.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Transmitter-side Digital Backpropagation.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Practical implementation of DBP-Transmitter DAC: Digital-to-Analog Converter QAM: Quadrature-Amplitude Modulator. τ: Variable optical delay line. PBS: Polarization beam splitter. VOA: Variable optical attenuator.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Recirculating loop transmission architecture TX: Frequency Referenced Transmitter. VOA: Variable Optical Attenuator. SMF: Single-Mode Fiber. Coherent RX: Coherent Receiver.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 a) OSNR vs Launch power per channel b) OSNR vs. Span number.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Spectra of a) Generated optical signal without digital pre-emphasis b) Generated optical signal with digital pre-emphasis.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 Back-to-back constellations of a) Signal without transmitter compensation after virtual propagation b) Signal with transmitter compensation after virtual propagation.
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 Q-factors for transmission distances of a) 1530 km b) 3060 km.
Fig. 9
Fig. 9 Center channel Q-factor vs. Launch Power per channel for transmission distances of a) 1530 km b) 3060 km.
Fig. 10
Fig. 10 Center channel constellations and eye diagrams for transmission over a) 1530 km employing EDC b) 3060 km employing DBP.

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