Abstract

A compact multi-channel surface plasmon resonance (SPR) biosensor is demonstrated based on a tablet as the measurement platform. The SPR biosensor employs a bundle of fiber-optic SPR sensors as the multiplexed sensing elements that are illuminated by a light-emitting diode (LED) plane light source and detected by a cordless camera. The multi-channel SPR biosensor was based on optical fiber components for precise, label-free and high-throughput detection without the use of complex, specialized or fragile instrumentation that would require optical calibration. The reference and control channels compensated for the fluctuation of the LED light source and the bulk refractive index, increasing the accuracy and reliability of the biosensor. The multi-channel SPR biosensor was applied for multi-analyte biosensing of immunoglobulin G (IgG) and concanavalin A (Con A). The channels functionalized with staphylococcal protein A (SPA) and ribonuclease B (RNase B) only showed relative intensity responses to their corresponding analytes. Moreover, the multi-channel SPR sensors responded to the specific detection of IgG and Con A with an approximately linear relative intensity response to the analyte concentration. Hence, multiple analytes were simultaneously and quantitatively detected with the multi-channel SPR biosensor. This compact, cost-effective multi-channel SPR biosensor is adapted for point-of-care tests, which are important in healthcare and environmental monitoring and for biomolecular interaction analysis.

© 2015 Optical Society of America

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References

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    [Crossref]
  2. H. Huang and Y. Chen, “Label-free reading of microarray-based proteins with high throughput surface plasmon resonance imaging,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 22(5), 644–648 (2006).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  3. K. V. Gobi and N. Miura, “Highly sensitive and interference-free simultaneous detection of two polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons at parts-per-trillion levels using a surface plasmon resonance immunosensor,” Sens Actuator B. 103(1-2), 265–271 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  4. J. A. Ruemmele, M. S. Golden, Y. Gao, E. M. Cornelius, M. E. Anderson, L. Postelnicu, and R. M. Georgiadis, “Quantitative surface plasmon resonance imaging: a simple approach to automated angle scanning,” Anal. Chem. 80(12), 4752–4756 (2008).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  5. T. M. Chinowsky, M. S. Grow, K. S. Johnston, K. Nelson, T. Edwards, E. Fu, and P. Yager, “Compact, high performance surface plasmon resonance imaging system,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 22(9-10), 2208–2215 (2007).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  6. J. Homola, “Surface plasmon resonance sensors for detection of chemical and biological species,” Chem. Rev. 108(2), 462–493 (2008).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  7. N. Kanoh, M. Kyo, K. Inamori, A. Ando, A. Asami, A. Nakao, and H. Osada, “SPR imaging of photo-cross-linked small-molecule arrays on gold,” Anal. Chem. 78(7), 2226–2230 (2006).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  8. J. Spadavecchia, M. G. Manera, F. Quaranta, P. Siciliano, and R. Rella, “Surface plamon resonance imaging of DNA based biosensors for potential applications in food analysis,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 21(6), 894–900 (2005).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  9. K. Inamori, M. Kyo, Y. Nishiya, Y. Inoue, T. Sonoda, E. Kinoshita, T. Koike, and Y. Katayama, “Detection and quantification of on-chip phosphorylated peptides by surface plasmon resonance imaging techniques using a phosphate capture molecule,” Anal. Chem. 77(13), 3979–3985 (2005).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  10. I. Navratilova, G. A. Papalia, R. L. Rich, D. Bedinger, S. Brophy, B. Condon, T. Deng, A. W. Emerick, H. W. Guan, T. Hayden, T. Heutmekers, B. Hoorelbeke, M. C. McCroskey, M. M. Murphy, T. Nakagawa, F. Parmeggiani, X. Qin, S. Rebe, N. Tomasevic, T. Tsang, M. B. Waddell, F. F. Zhang, S. Leavitt, and D. G. Myszka, “Thermodynamic benchmark study using Biacore technology,” Anal. Biochem. 364(1), 67–77 (2007).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  11. G. R. Marchesini, K. Koopal, E. Meulenberg, W. Haasnoot, and H. Irth, “Spreeta-based biosensor assays for endocrine disruptors,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 22(9-10), 1908–1915 (2007).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  12. A. N. Naimushin, S. D. Soelberg, D. K. Nguyen, L. Dunlap, D. Bartholomew, J. Elkind, J. Melendez, and C. E. Furlong, “Detection of Staphylococcus aureus enterotoxin B at femtomolar levels with a miniature integrated two-channel surface plasmon resonance (SPR) sensor,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 17(6-7), 573–584 (2002).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  13. T. M. Chinowsky, S. D. Soelberg, P. Baker, N. R. Swanson, P. Kauffman, A. Mactutis, M. S. Grow, R. Atmar, S. S. Yee, and C. E. Furlong, “Portable 24-analyte surface plasmon resonance instruments for rapid, versatile biodetection,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 22(9-10), 2268–2275 (2007).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
  15. S. J. Kim, K. V. Gobi, R. Harada, D. R. Shankaran, and N. Miura, “Miniaturized portable surface plasmon resonance immunosensor applicable for on-site detection of low-molecular-weight analytes,” Sens Actuator B. 115(1), 349–356 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  16. S. S. Zhao, N. Bukar, J. L. Toulouse, D. Pelechacz, R. Robitaille, J. N. Pelletier, and J. F. Masson, “Miniature multi-channel SPR instrument for methotrexate monitoring in clinical samples,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 64, 664–670 (2015).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  17. F. M. Walker, K. M. Ahmad, M. Eisenstein, and H. T. Soh, “Transformation of Personal Computers and Mobile Phones into Genetic Diagnostic Systems,” Anal. Chem. 86(18), 9236–9241 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  18. J. J. Oresko, H. Duschl, S. Huang, Y. Sun, and A. C. Cheng, “A wearable smartphone-based platform for real-time cardiovascular disease detection via electrocardiogram processing,” IEEE Trans. Inf. Technol. Biomed. 14(3), 734–740 (2010).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  19. Q. Wei, H. Qi, W. Luo, D. Tseng, S. J. Ki, Z. Wan, Z. Göröcs, L. A. Bentolila, T. T. Wu, R. Sun, and A. Ozcan, “Fluorescent imaging of single nanoparticles and viruses on a smart phone,” ACS Nano 7(10), 9147–9155 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  20. J. W. Chung, S. D. Kim, R. Bernhardt, and J. C. Pyun, “Application of SPR biosensor for medical diagnostics of human hepatitis B virus (hHBV),” Sens Actuator B. 111(5), 416–422 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  21. X. Yang, Q. Wang, K. Wang, W. Tan, and H. Li, “Enhanced surface plasmon resonance with the modified catalytic growth of Au nanoparticles,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 22(6), 1106–1110 (2007).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]

2015 (1)

S. S. Zhao, N. Bukar, J. L. Toulouse, D. Pelechacz, R. Robitaille, J. N. Pelletier, and J. F. Masson, “Miniature multi-channel SPR instrument for methotrexate monitoring in clinical samples,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 64, 664–670 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2014 (1)

F. M. Walker, K. M. Ahmad, M. Eisenstein, and H. T. Soh, “Transformation of Personal Computers and Mobile Phones into Genetic Diagnostic Systems,” Anal. Chem. 86(18), 9236–9241 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2013 (1)

Q. Wei, H. Qi, W. Luo, D. Tseng, S. J. Ki, Z. Wan, Z. Göröcs, L. A. Bentolila, T. T. Wu, R. Sun, and A. Ozcan, “Fluorescent imaging of single nanoparticles and viruses on a smart phone,” ACS Nano 7(10), 9147–9155 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2010 (1)

J. J. Oresko, H. Duschl, S. Huang, Y. Sun, and A. C. Cheng, “A wearable smartphone-based platform for real-time cardiovascular disease detection via electrocardiogram processing,” IEEE Trans. Inf. Technol. Biomed. 14(3), 734–740 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2008 (2)

J. A. Ruemmele, M. S. Golden, Y. Gao, E. M. Cornelius, M. E. Anderson, L. Postelnicu, and R. M. Georgiadis, “Quantitative surface plasmon resonance imaging: a simple approach to automated angle scanning,” Anal. Chem. 80(12), 4752–4756 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Homola, “Surface plasmon resonance sensors for detection of chemical and biological species,” Chem. Rev. 108(2), 462–493 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2007 (6)

T. M. Chinowsky, M. S. Grow, K. S. Johnston, K. Nelson, T. Edwards, E. Fu, and P. Yager, “Compact, high performance surface plasmon resonance imaging system,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 22(9-10), 2208–2215 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. R. Shankaran, K. V. Gobi, and N. Miura, “Recent advancements in surface plasmon resonance immunosensors for detection of small molecules of biomedical, food and environmental interest,” Sens Actuator B. 121(1), 158–177 (2007).
[Crossref]

I. Navratilova, G. A. Papalia, R. L. Rich, D. Bedinger, S. Brophy, B. Condon, T. Deng, A. W. Emerick, H. W. Guan, T. Hayden, T. Heutmekers, B. Hoorelbeke, M. C. McCroskey, M. M. Murphy, T. Nakagawa, F. Parmeggiani, X. Qin, S. Rebe, N. Tomasevic, T. Tsang, M. B. Waddell, F. F. Zhang, S. Leavitt, and D. G. Myszka, “Thermodynamic benchmark study using Biacore technology,” Anal. Biochem. 364(1), 67–77 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. R. Marchesini, K. Koopal, E. Meulenberg, W. Haasnoot, and H. Irth, “Spreeta-based biosensor assays for endocrine disruptors,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 22(9-10), 1908–1915 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. M. Chinowsky, S. D. Soelberg, P. Baker, N. R. Swanson, P. Kauffman, A. Mactutis, M. S. Grow, R. Atmar, S. S. Yee, and C. E. Furlong, “Portable 24-analyte surface plasmon resonance instruments for rapid, versatile biodetection,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 22(9-10), 2268–2275 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Yang, Q. Wang, K. Wang, W. Tan, and H. Li, “Enhanced surface plasmon resonance with the modified catalytic growth of Au nanoparticles,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 22(6), 1106–1110 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2006 (3)

S. J. Kim, K. V. Gobi, R. Harada, D. R. Shankaran, and N. Miura, “Miniaturized portable surface plasmon resonance immunosensor applicable for on-site detection of low-molecular-weight analytes,” Sens Actuator B. 115(1), 349–356 (2006).
[Crossref]

H. Huang and Y. Chen, “Label-free reading of microarray-based proteins with high throughput surface plasmon resonance imaging,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 22(5), 644–648 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Kanoh, M. Kyo, K. Inamori, A. Ando, A. Asami, A. Nakao, and H. Osada, “SPR imaging of photo-cross-linked small-molecule arrays on gold,” Anal. Chem. 78(7), 2226–2230 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2005 (4)

J. Spadavecchia, M. G. Manera, F. Quaranta, P. Siciliano, and R. Rella, “Surface plamon resonance imaging of DNA based biosensors for potential applications in food analysis,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 21(6), 894–900 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Inamori, M. Kyo, Y. Nishiya, Y. Inoue, T. Sonoda, E. Kinoshita, T. Koike, and Y. Katayama, “Detection and quantification of on-chip phosphorylated peptides by surface plasmon resonance imaging techniques using a phosphate capture molecule,” Anal. Chem. 77(13), 3979–3985 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Kawazumi, K. V. Gobi, K. Ogino, H. Maeda, and N. Miura, “Compact surface plasmon resonance (SPR) immunosensor using multichannel for simultaneous detection of small molecule compounds,” Sens Actuator B. 108(1-2), 791–796 (2005).
[Crossref]

J. W. Chung, S. D. Kim, R. Bernhardt, and J. C. Pyun, “Application of SPR biosensor for medical diagnostics of human hepatitis B virus (hHBV),” Sens Actuator B. 111(5), 416–422 (2005).
[Crossref]

2004 (1)

K. V. Gobi and N. Miura, “Highly sensitive and interference-free simultaneous detection of two polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons at parts-per-trillion levels using a surface plasmon resonance immunosensor,” Sens Actuator B. 103(1-2), 265–271 (2004).
[Crossref]

2002 (1)

A. N. Naimushin, S. D. Soelberg, D. K. Nguyen, L. Dunlap, D. Bartholomew, J. Elkind, J. Melendez, and C. E. Furlong, “Detection of Staphylococcus aureus enterotoxin B at femtomolar levels with a miniature integrated two-channel surface plasmon resonance (SPR) sensor,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 17(6-7), 573–584 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ahmad, K. M.

F. M. Walker, K. M. Ahmad, M. Eisenstein, and H. T. Soh, “Transformation of Personal Computers and Mobile Phones into Genetic Diagnostic Systems,” Anal. Chem. 86(18), 9236–9241 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Anderson, M. E.

J. A. Ruemmele, M. S. Golden, Y. Gao, E. M. Cornelius, M. E. Anderson, L. Postelnicu, and R. M. Georgiadis, “Quantitative surface plasmon resonance imaging: a simple approach to automated angle scanning,” Anal. Chem. 80(12), 4752–4756 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ando, A.

N. Kanoh, M. Kyo, K. Inamori, A. Ando, A. Asami, A. Nakao, and H. Osada, “SPR imaging of photo-cross-linked small-molecule arrays on gold,” Anal. Chem. 78(7), 2226–2230 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Asami, A.

N. Kanoh, M. Kyo, K. Inamori, A. Ando, A. Asami, A. Nakao, and H. Osada, “SPR imaging of photo-cross-linked small-molecule arrays on gold,” Anal. Chem. 78(7), 2226–2230 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Atmar, R.

T. M. Chinowsky, S. D. Soelberg, P. Baker, N. R. Swanson, P. Kauffman, A. Mactutis, M. S. Grow, R. Atmar, S. S. Yee, and C. E. Furlong, “Portable 24-analyte surface plasmon resonance instruments for rapid, versatile biodetection,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 22(9-10), 2268–2275 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Baker, P.

T. M. Chinowsky, S. D. Soelberg, P. Baker, N. R. Swanson, P. Kauffman, A. Mactutis, M. S. Grow, R. Atmar, S. S. Yee, and C. E. Furlong, “Portable 24-analyte surface plasmon resonance instruments for rapid, versatile biodetection,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 22(9-10), 2268–2275 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bartholomew, D.

A. N. Naimushin, S. D. Soelberg, D. K. Nguyen, L. Dunlap, D. Bartholomew, J. Elkind, J. Melendez, and C. E. Furlong, “Detection of Staphylococcus aureus enterotoxin B at femtomolar levels with a miniature integrated two-channel surface plasmon resonance (SPR) sensor,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 17(6-7), 573–584 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bedinger, D.

I. Navratilova, G. A. Papalia, R. L. Rich, D. Bedinger, S. Brophy, B. Condon, T. Deng, A. W. Emerick, H. W. Guan, T. Hayden, T. Heutmekers, B. Hoorelbeke, M. C. McCroskey, M. M. Murphy, T. Nakagawa, F. Parmeggiani, X. Qin, S. Rebe, N. Tomasevic, T. Tsang, M. B. Waddell, F. F. Zhang, S. Leavitt, and D. G. Myszka, “Thermodynamic benchmark study using Biacore technology,” Anal. Biochem. 364(1), 67–77 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bentolila, L. A.

Q. Wei, H. Qi, W. Luo, D. Tseng, S. J. Ki, Z. Wan, Z. Göröcs, L. A. Bentolila, T. T. Wu, R. Sun, and A. Ozcan, “Fluorescent imaging of single nanoparticles and viruses on a smart phone,” ACS Nano 7(10), 9147–9155 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bernhardt, R.

J. W. Chung, S. D. Kim, R. Bernhardt, and J. C. Pyun, “Application of SPR biosensor for medical diagnostics of human hepatitis B virus (hHBV),” Sens Actuator B. 111(5), 416–422 (2005).
[Crossref]

Brophy, S.

I. Navratilova, G. A. Papalia, R. L. Rich, D. Bedinger, S. Brophy, B. Condon, T. Deng, A. W. Emerick, H. W. Guan, T. Hayden, T. Heutmekers, B. Hoorelbeke, M. C. McCroskey, M. M. Murphy, T. Nakagawa, F. Parmeggiani, X. Qin, S. Rebe, N. Tomasevic, T. Tsang, M. B. Waddell, F. F. Zhang, S. Leavitt, and D. G. Myszka, “Thermodynamic benchmark study using Biacore technology,” Anal. Biochem. 364(1), 67–77 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bukar, N.

S. S. Zhao, N. Bukar, J. L. Toulouse, D. Pelechacz, R. Robitaille, J. N. Pelletier, and J. F. Masson, “Miniature multi-channel SPR instrument for methotrexate monitoring in clinical samples,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 64, 664–670 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, Y.

H. Huang and Y. Chen, “Label-free reading of microarray-based proteins with high throughput surface plasmon resonance imaging,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 22(5), 644–648 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cheng, A. C.

J. J. Oresko, H. Duschl, S. Huang, Y. Sun, and A. C. Cheng, “A wearable smartphone-based platform for real-time cardiovascular disease detection via electrocardiogram processing,” IEEE Trans. Inf. Technol. Biomed. 14(3), 734–740 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chinowsky, T. M.

T. M. Chinowsky, M. S. Grow, K. S. Johnston, K. Nelson, T. Edwards, E. Fu, and P. Yager, “Compact, high performance surface plasmon resonance imaging system,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 22(9-10), 2208–2215 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. M. Chinowsky, S. D. Soelberg, P. Baker, N. R. Swanson, P. Kauffman, A. Mactutis, M. S. Grow, R. Atmar, S. S. Yee, and C. E. Furlong, “Portable 24-analyte surface plasmon resonance instruments for rapid, versatile biodetection,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 22(9-10), 2268–2275 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chung, J. W.

J. W. Chung, S. D. Kim, R. Bernhardt, and J. C. Pyun, “Application of SPR biosensor for medical diagnostics of human hepatitis B virus (hHBV),” Sens Actuator B. 111(5), 416–422 (2005).
[Crossref]

Condon, B.

I. Navratilova, G. A. Papalia, R. L. Rich, D. Bedinger, S. Brophy, B. Condon, T. Deng, A. W. Emerick, H. W. Guan, T. Hayden, T. Heutmekers, B. Hoorelbeke, M. C. McCroskey, M. M. Murphy, T. Nakagawa, F. Parmeggiani, X. Qin, S. Rebe, N. Tomasevic, T. Tsang, M. B. Waddell, F. F. Zhang, S. Leavitt, and D. G. Myszka, “Thermodynamic benchmark study using Biacore technology,” Anal. Biochem. 364(1), 67–77 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cornelius, E. M.

J. A. Ruemmele, M. S. Golden, Y. Gao, E. M. Cornelius, M. E. Anderson, L. Postelnicu, and R. M. Georgiadis, “Quantitative surface plasmon resonance imaging: a simple approach to automated angle scanning,” Anal. Chem. 80(12), 4752–4756 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Deng, T.

I. Navratilova, G. A. Papalia, R. L. Rich, D. Bedinger, S. Brophy, B. Condon, T. Deng, A. W. Emerick, H. W. Guan, T. Hayden, T. Heutmekers, B. Hoorelbeke, M. C. McCroskey, M. M. Murphy, T. Nakagawa, F. Parmeggiani, X. Qin, S. Rebe, N. Tomasevic, T. Tsang, M. B. Waddell, F. F. Zhang, S. Leavitt, and D. G. Myszka, “Thermodynamic benchmark study using Biacore technology,” Anal. Biochem. 364(1), 67–77 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dunlap, L.

A. N. Naimushin, S. D. Soelberg, D. K. Nguyen, L. Dunlap, D. Bartholomew, J. Elkind, J. Melendez, and C. E. Furlong, “Detection of Staphylococcus aureus enterotoxin B at femtomolar levels with a miniature integrated two-channel surface plasmon resonance (SPR) sensor,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 17(6-7), 573–584 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Duschl, H.

J. J. Oresko, H. Duschl, S. Huang, Y. Sun, and A. C. Cheng, “A wearable smartphone-based platform for real-time cardiovascular disease detection via electrocardiogram processing,” IEEE Trans. Inf. Technol. Biomed. 14(3), 734–740 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Edwards, T.

T. M. Chinowsky, M. S. Grow, K. S. Johnston, K. Nelson, T. Edwards, E. Fu, and P. Yager, “Compact, high performance surface plasmon resonance imaging system,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 22(9-10), 2208–2215 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Eisenstein, M.

F. M. Walker, K. M. Ahmad, M. Eisenstein, and H. T. Soh, “Transformation of Personal Computers and Mobile Phones into Genetic Diagnostic Systems,” Anal. Chem. 86(18), 9236–9241 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Elkind, J.

A. N. Naimushin, S. D. Soelberg, D. K. Nguyen, L. Dunlap, D. Bartholomew, J. Elkind, J. Melendez, and C. E. Furlong, “Detection of Staphylococcus aureus enterotoxin B at femtomolar levels with a miniature integrated two-channel surface plasmon resonance (SPR) sensor,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 17(6-7), 573–584 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Emerick, A. W.

I. Navratilova, G. A. Papalia, R. L. Rich, D. Bedinger, S. Brophy, B. Condon, T. Deng, A. W. Emerick, H. W. Guan, T. Hayden, T. Heutmekers, B. Hoorelbeke, M. C. McCroskey, M. M. Murphy, T. Nakagawa, F. Parmeggiani, X. Qin, S. Rebe, N. Tomasevic, T. Tsang, M. B. Waddell, F. F. Zhang, S. Leavitt, and D. G. Myszka, “Thermodynamic benchmark study using Biacore technology,” Anal. Biochem. 364(1), 67–77 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fu, E.

T. M. Chinowsky, M. S. Grow, K. S. Johnston, K. Nelson, T. Edwards, E. Fu, and P. Yager, “Compact, high performance surface plasmon resonance imaging system,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 22(9-10), 2208–2215 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Furlong, C. E.

T. M. Chinowsky, S. D. Soelberg, P. Baker, N. R. Swanson, P. Kauffman, A. Mactutis, M. S. Grow, R. Atmar, S. S. Yee, and C. E. Furlong, “Portable 24-analyte surface plasmon resonance instruments for rapid, versatile biodetection,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 22(9-10), 2268–2275 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. N. Naimushin, S. D. Soelberg, D. K. Nguyen, L. Dunlap, D. Bartholomew, J. Elkind, J. Melendez, and C. E. Furlong, “Detection of Staphylococcus aureus enterotoxin B at femtomolar levels with a miniature integrated two-channel surface plasmon resonance (SPR) sensor,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 17(6-7), 573–584 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gao, Y.

J. A. Ruemmele, M. S. Golden, Y. Gao, E. M. Cornelius, M. E. Anderson, L. Postelnicu, and R. M. Georgiadis, “Quantitative surface plasmon resonance imaging: a simple approach to automated angle scanning,” Anal. Chem. 80(12), 4752–4756 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Georgiadis, R. M.

J. A. Ruemmele, M. S. Golden, Y. Gao, E. M. Cornelius, M. E. Anderson, L. Postelnicu, and R. M. Georgiadis, “Quantitative surface plasmon resonance imaging: a simple approach to automated angle scanning,” Anal. Chem. 80(12), 4752–4756 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gobi, K. V.

D. R. Shankaran, K. V. Gobi, and N. Miura, “Recent advancements in surface plasmon resonance immunosensors for detection of small molecules of biomedical, food and environmental interest,” Sens Actuator B. 121(1), 158–177 (2007).
[Crossref]

S. J. Kim, K. V. Gobi, R. Harada, D. R. Shankaran, and N. Miura, “Miniaturized portable surface plasmon resonance immunosensor applicable for on-site detection of low-molecular-weight analytes,” Sens Actuator B. 115(1), 349–356 (2006).
[Crossref]

H. Kawazumi, K. V. Gobi, K. Ogino, H. Maeda, and N. Miura, “Compact surface plasmon resonance (SPR) immunosensor using multichannel for simultaneous detection of small molecule compounds,” Sens Actuator B. 108(1-2), 791–796 (2005).
[Crossref]

K. V. Gobi and N. Miura, “Highly sensitive and interference-free simultaneous detection of two polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons at parts-per-trillion levels using a surface plasmon resonance immunosensor,” Sens Actuator B. 103(1-2), 265–271 (2004).
[Crossref]

Golden, M. S.

J. A. Ruemmele, M. S. Golden, Y. Gao, E. M. Cornelius, M. E. Anderson, L. Postelnicu, and R. M. Georgiadis, “Quantitative surface plasmon resonance imaging: a simple approach to automated angle scanning,” Anal. Chem. 80(12), 4752–4756 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Göröcs, Z.

Q. Wei, H. Qi, W. Luo, D. Tseng, S. J. Ki, Z. Wan, Z. Göröcs, L. A. Bentolila, T. T. Wu, R. Sun, and A. Ozcan, “Fluorescent imaging of single nanoparticles and viruses on a smart phone,” ACS Nano 7(10), 9147–9155 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Grow, M. S.

T. M. Chinowsky, M. S. Grow, K. S. Johnston, K. Nelson, T. Edwards, E. Fu, and P. Yager, “Compact, high performance surface plasmon resonance imaging system,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 22(9-10), 2208–2215 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. M. Chinowsky, S. D. Soelberg, P. Baker, N. R. Swanson, P. Kauffman, A. Mactutis, M. S. Grow, R. Atmar, S. S. Yee, and C. E. Furlong, “Portable 24-analyte surface plasmon resonance instruments for rapid, versatile biodetection,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 22(9-10), 2268–2275 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Guan, H. W.

I. Navratilova, G. A. Papalia, R. L. Rich, D. Bedinger, S. Brophy, B. Condon, T. Deng, A. W. Emerick, H. W. Guan, T. Hayden, T. Heutmekers, B. Hoorelbeke, M. C. McCroskey, M. M. Murphy, T. Nakagawa, F. Parmeggiani, X. Qin, S. Rebe, N. Tomasevic, T. Tsang, M. B. Waddell, F. F. Zhang, S. Leavitt, and D. G. Myszka, “Thermodynamic benchmark study using Biacore technology,” Anal. Biochem. 364(1), 67–77 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Haasnoot, W.

G. R. Marchesini, K. Koopal, E. Meulenberg, W. Haasnoot, and H. Irth, “Spreeta-based biosensor assays for endocrine disruptors,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 22(9-10), 1908–1915 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Harada, R.

S. J. Kim, K. V. Gobi, R. Harada, D. R. Shankaran, and N. Miura, “Miniaturized portable surface plasmon resonance immunosensor applicable for on-site detection of low-molecular-weight analytes,” Sens Actuator B. 115(1), 349–356 (2006).
[Crossref]

Hayden, T.

I. Navratilova, G. A. Papalia, R. L. Rich, D. Bedinger, S. Brophy, B. Condon, T. Deng, A. W. Emerick, H. W. Guan, T. Hayden, T. Heutmekers, B. Hoorelbeke, M. C. McCroskey, M. M. Murphy, T. Nakagawa, F. Parmeggiani, X. Qin, S. Rebe, N. Tomasevic, T. Tsang, M. B. Waddell, F. F. Zhang, S. Leavitt, and D. G. Myszka, “Thermodynamic benchmark study using Biacore technology,” Anal. Biochem. 364(1), 67–77 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Heutmekers, T.

I. Navratilova, G. A. Papalia, R. L. Rich, D. Bedinger, S. Brophy, B. Condon, T. Deng, A. W. Emerick, H. W. Guan, T. Hayden, T. Heutmekers, B. Hoorelbeke, M. C. McCroskey, M. M. Murphy, T. Nakagawa, F. Parmeggiani, X. Qin, S. Rebe, N. Tomasevic, T. Tsang, M. B. Waddell, F. F. Zhang, S. Leavitt, and D. G. Myszka, “Thermodynamic benchmark study using Biacore technology,” Anal. Biochem. 364(1), 67–77 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Homola, J.

J. Homola, “Surface plasmon resonance sensors for detection of chemical and biological species,” Chem. Rev. 108(2), 462–493 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hoorelbeke, B.

I. Navratilova, G. A. Papalia, R. L. Rich, D. Bedinger, S. Brophy, B. Condon, T. Deng, A. W. Emerick, H. W. Guan, T. Hayden, T. Heutmekers, B. Hoorelbeke, M. C. McCroskey, M. M. Murphy, T. Nakagawa, F. Parmeggiani, X. Qin, S. Rebe, N. Tomasevic, T. Tsang, M. B. Waddell, F. F. Zhang, S. Leavitt, and D. G. Myszka, “Thermodynamic benchmark study using Biacore technology,” Anal. Biochem. 364(1), 67–77 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Huang, H.

H. Huang and Y. Chen, “Label-free reading of microarray-based proteins with high throughput surface plasmon resonance imaging,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 22(5), 644–648 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Huang, S.

J. J. Oresko, H. Duschl, S. Huang, Y. Sun, and A. C. Cheng, “A wearable smartphone-based platform for real-time cardiovascular disease detection via electrocardiogram processing,” IEEE Trans. Inf. Technol. Biomed. 14(3), 734–740 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Inamori, K.

N. Kanoh, M. Kyo, K. Inamori, A. Ando, A. Asami, A. Nakao, and H. Osada, “SPR imaging of photo-cross-linked small-molecule arrays on gold,” Anal. Chem. 78(7), 2226–2230 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Inamori, M. Kyo, Y. Nishiya, Y. Inoue, T. Sonoda, E. Kinoshita, T. Koike, and Y. Katayama, “Detection and quantification of on-chip phosphorylated peptides by surface plasmon resonance imaging techniques using a phosphate capture molecule,” Anal. Chem. 77(13), 3979–3985 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Inoue, Y.

K. Inamori, M. Kyo, Y. Nishiya, Y. Inoue, T. Sonoda, E. Kinoshita, T. Koike, and Y. Katayama, “Detection and quantification of on-chip phosphorylated peptides by surface plasmon resonance imaging techniques using a phosphate capture molecule,” Anal. Chem. 77(13), 3979–3985 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Irth, H.

G. R. Marchesini, K. Koopal, E. Meulenberg, W. Haasnoot, and H. Irth, “Spreeta-based biosensor assays for endocrine disruptors,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 22(9-10), 1908–1915 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Johnston, K. S.

T. M. Chinowsky, M. S. Grow, K. S. Johnston, K. Nelson, T. Edwards, E. Fu, and P. Yager, “Compact, high performance surface plasmon resonance imaging system,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 22(9-10), 2208–2215 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kanoh, N.

N. Kanoh, M. Kyo, K. Inamori, A. Ando, A. Asami, A. Nakao, and H. Osada, “SPR imaging of photo-cross-linked small-molecule arrays on gold,” Anal. Chem. 78(7), 2226–2230 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Katayama, Y.

K. Inamori, M. Kyo, Y. Nishiya, Y. Inoue, T. Sonoda, E. Kinoshita, T. Koike, and Y. Katayama, “Detection and quantification of on-chip phosphorylated peptides by surface plasmon resonance imaging techniques using a phosphate capture molecule,” Anal. Chem. 77(13), 3979–3985 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kauffman, P.

T. M. Chinowsky, S. D. Soelberg, P. Baker, N. R. Swanson, P. Kauffman, A. Mactutis, M. S. Grow, R. Atmar, S. S. Yee, and C. E. Furlong, “Portable 24-analyte surface plasmon resonance instruments for rapid, versatile biodetection,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 22(9-10), 2268–2275 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kawazumi, H.

H. Kawazumi, K. V. Gobi, K. Ogino, H. Maeda, and N. Miura, “Compact surface plasmon resonance (SPR) immunosensor using multichannel for simultaneous detection of small molecule compounds,” Sens Actuator B. 108(1-2), 791–796 (2005).
[Crossref]

Ki, S. J.

Q. Wei, H. Qi, W. Luo, D. Tseng, S. J. Ki, Z. Wan, Z. Göröcs, L. A. Bentolila, T. T. Wu, R. Sun, and A. Ozcan, “Fluorescent imaging of single nanoparticles and viruses on a smart phone,” ACS Nano 7(10), 9147–9155 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kim, S. D.

J. W. Chung, S. D. Kim, R. Bernhardt, and J. C. Pyun, “Application of SPR biosensor for medical diagnostics of human hepatitis B virus (hHBV),” Sens Actuator B. 111(5), 416–422 (2005).
[Crossref]

Kim, S. J.

S. J. Kim, K. V. Gobi, R. Harada, D. R. Shankaran, and N. Miura, “Miniaturized portable surface plasmon resonance immunosensor applicable for on-site detection of low-molecular-weight analytes,” Sens Actuator B. 115(1), 349–356 (2006).
[Crossref]

Kinoshita, E.

K. Inamori, M. Kyo, Y. Nishiya, Y. Inoue, T. Sonoda, E. Kinoshita, T. Koike, and Y. Katayama, “Detection and quantification of on-chip phosphorylated peptides by surface plasmon resonance imaging techniques using a phosphate capture molecule,” Anal. Chem. 77(13), 3979–3985 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Koike, T.

K. Inamori, M. Kyo, Y. Nishiya, Y. Inoue, T. Sonoda, E. Kinoshita, T. Koike, and Y. Katayama, “Detection and quantification of on-chip phosphorylated peptides by surface plasmon resonance imaging techniques using a phosphate capture molecule,” Anal. Chem. 77(13), 3979–3985 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Koopal, K.

G. R. Marchesini, K. Koopal, E. Meulenberg, W. Haasnoot, and H. Irth, “Spreeta-based biosensor assays for endocrine disruptors,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 22(9-10), 1908–1915 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kyo, M.

N. Kanoh, M. Kyo, K. Inamori, A. Ando, A. Asami, A. Nakao, and H. Osada, “SPR imaging of photo-cross-linked small-molecule arrays on gold,” Anal. Chem. 78(7), 2226–2230 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Inamori, M. Kyo, Y. Nishiya, Y. Inoue, T. Sonoda, E. Kinoshita, T. Koike, and Y. Katayama, “Detection and quantification of on-chip phosphorylated peptides by surface plasmon resonance imaging techniques using a phosphate capture molecule,” Anal. Chem. 77(13), 3979–3985 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Leavitt, S.

I. Navratilova, G. A. Papalia, R. L. Rich, D. Bedinger, S. Brophy, B. Condon, T. Deng, A. W. Emerick, H. W. Guan, T. Hayden, T. Heutmekers, B. Hoorelbeke, M. C. McCroskey, M. M. Murphy, T. Nakagawa, F. Parmeggiani, X. Qin, S. Rebe, N. Tomasevic, T. Tsang, M. B. Waddell, F. F. Zhang, S. Leavitt, and D. G. Myszka, “Thermodynamic benchmark study using Biacore technology,” Anal. Biochem. 364(1), 67–77 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, H.

X. Yang, Q. Wang, K. Wang, W. Tan, and H. Li, “Enhanced surface plasmon resonance with the modified catalytic growth of Au nanoparticles,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 22(6), 1106–1110 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Luo, W.

Q. Wei, H. Qi, W. Luo, D. Tseng, S. J. Ki, Z. Wan, Z. Göröcs, L. A. Bentolila, T. T. Wu, R. Sun, and A. Ozcan, “Fluorescent imaging of single nanoparticles and viruses on a smart phone,” ACS Nano 7(10), 9147–9155 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mactutis, A.

T. M. Chinowsky, S. D. Soelberg, P. Baker, N. R. Swanson, P. Kauffman, A. Mactutis, M. S. Grow, R. Atmar, S. S. Yee, and C. E. Furlong, “Portable 24-analyte surface plasmon resonance instruments for rapid, versatile biodetection,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 22(9-10), 2268–2275 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Maeda, H.

H. Kawazumi, K. V. Gobi, K. Ogino, H. Maeda, and N. Miura, “Compact surface plasmon resonance (SPR) immunosensor using multichannel for simultaneous detection of small molecule compounds,” Sens Actuator B. 108(1-2), 791–796 (2005).
[Crossref]

Manera, M. G.

J. Spadavecchia, M. G. Manera, F. Quaranta, P. Siciliano, and R. Rella, “Surface plamon resonance imaging of DNA based biosensors for potential applications in food analysis,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 21(6), 894–900 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Marchesini, G. R.

G. R. Marchesini, K. Koopal, E. Meulenberg, W. Haasnoot, and H. Irth, “Spreeta-based biosensor assays for endocrine disruptors,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 22(9-10), 1908–1915 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Masson, J. F.

S. S. Zhao, N. Bukar, J. L. Toulouse, D. Pelechacz, R. Robitaille, J. N. Pelletier, and J. F. Masson, “Miniature multi-channel SPR instrument for methotrexate monitoring in clinical samples,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 64, 664–670 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

McCroskey, M. C.

I. Navratilova, G. A. Papalia, R. L. Rich, D. Bedinger, S. Brophy, B. Condon, T. Deng, A. W. Emerick, H. W. Guan, T. Hayden, T. Heutmekers, B. Hoorelbeke, M. C. McCroskey, M. M. Murphy, T. Nakagawa, F. Parmeggiani, X. Qin, S. Rebe, N. Tomasevic, T. Tsang, M. B. Waddell, F. F. Zhang, S. Leavitt, and D. G. Myszka, “Thermodynamic benchmark study using Biacore technology,” Anal. Biochem. 364(1), 67–77 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Melendez, J.

A. N. Naimushin, S. D. Soelberg, D. K. Nguyen, L. Dunlap, D. Bartholomew, J. Elkind, J. Melendez, and C. E. Furlong, “Detection of Staphylococcus aureus enterotoxin B at femtomolar levels with a miniature integrated two-channel surface plasmon resonance (SPR) sensor,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 17(6-7), 573–584 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Meulenberg, E.

G. R. Marchesini, K. Koopal, E. Meulenberg, W. Haasnoot, and H. Irth, “Spreeta-based biosensor assays for endocrine disruptors,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 22(9-10), 1908–1915 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Miura, N.

D. R. Shankaran, K. V. Gobi, and N. Miura, “Recent advancements in surface plasmon resonance immunosensors for detection of small molecules of biomedical, food and environmental interest,” Sens Actuator B. 121(1), 158–177 (2007).
[Crossref]

S. J. Kim, K. V. Gobi, R. Harada, D. R. Shankaran, and N. Miura, “Miniaturized portable surface plasmon resonance immunosensor applicable for on-site detection of low-molecular-weight analytes,” Sens Actuator B. 115(1), 349–356 (2006).
[Crossref]

H. Kawazumi, K. V. Gobi, K. Ogino, H. Maeda, and N. Miura, “Compact surface plasmon resonance (SPR) immunosensor using multichannel for simultaneous detection of small molecule compounds,” Sens Actuator B. 108(1-2), 791–796 (2005).
[Crossref]

K. V. Gobi and N. Miura, “Highly sensitive and interference-free simultaneous detection of two polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons at parts-per-trillion levels using a surface plasmon resonance immunosensor,” Sens Actuator B. 103(1-2), 265–271 (2004).
[Crossref]

Murphy, M. M.

I. Navratilova, G. A. Papalia, R. L. Rich, D. Bedinger, S. Brophy, B. Condon, T. Deng, A. W. Emerick, H. W. Guan, T. Hayden, T. Heutmekers, B. Hoorelbeke, M. C. McCroskey, M. M. Murphy, T. Nakagawa, F. Parmeggiani, X. Qin, S. Rebe, N. Tomasevic, T. Tsang, M. B. Waddell, F. F. Zhang, S. Leavitt, and D. G. Myszka, “Thermodynamic benchmark study using Biacore technology,” Anal. Biochem. 364(1), 67–77 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Myszka, D. G.

I. Navratilova, G. A. Papalia, R. L. Rich, D. Bedinger, S. Brophy, B. Condon, T. Deng, A. W. Emerick, H. W. Guan, T. Hayden, T. Heutmekers, B. Hoorelbeke, M. C. McCroskey, M. M. Murphy, T. Nakagawa, F. Parmeggiani, X. Qin, S. Rebe, N. Tomasevic, T. Tsang, M. B. Waddell, F. F. Zhang, S. Leavitt, and D. G. Myszka, “Thermodynamic benchmark study using Biacore technology,” Anal. Biochem. 364(1), 67–77 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Naimushin, A. N.

A. N. Naimushin, S. D. Soelberg, D. K. Nguyen, L. Dunlap, D. Bartholomew, J. Elkind, J. Melendez, and C. E. Furlong, “Detection of Staphylococcus aureus enterotoxin B at femtomolar levels with a miniature integrated two-channel surface plasmon resonance (SPR) sensor,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 17(6-7), 573–584 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nakagawa, T.

I. Navratilova, G. A. Papalia, R. L. Rich, D. Bedinger, S. Brophy, B. Condon, T. Deng, A. W. Emerick, H. W. Guan, T. Hayden, T. Heutmekers, B. Hoorelbeke, M. C. McCroskey, M. M. Murphy, T. Nakagawa, F. Parmeggiani, X. Qin, S. Rebe, N. Tomasevic, T. Tsang, M. B. Waddell, F. F. Zhang, S. Leavitt, and D. G. Myszka, “Thermodynamic benchmark study using Biacore technology,” Anal. Biochem. 364(1), 67–77 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nakao, A.

N. Kanoh, M. Kyo, K. Inamori, A. Ando, A. Asami, A. Nakao, and H. Osada, “SPR imaging of photo-cross-linked small-molecule arrays on gold,” Anal. Chem. 78(7), 2226–2230 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Navratilova, I.

I. Navratilova, G. A. Papalia, R. L. Rich, D. Bedinger, S. Brophy, B. Condon, T. Deng, A. W. Emerick, H. W. Guan, T. Hayden, T. Heutmekers, B. Hoorelbeke, M. C. McCroskey, M. M. Murphy, T. Nakagawa, F. Parmeggiani, X. Qin, S. Rebe, N. Tomasevic, T. Tsang, M. B. Waddell, F. F. Zhang, S. Leavitt, and D. G. Myszka, “Thermodynamic benchmark study using Biacore technology,” Anal. Biochem. 364(1), 67–77 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nelson, K.

T. M. Chinowsky, M. S. Grow, K. S. Johnston, K. Nelson, T. Edwards, E. Fu, and P. Yager, “Compact, high performance surface plasmon resonance imaging system,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 22(9-10), 2208–2215 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nguyen, D. K.

A. N. Naimushin, S. D. Soelberg, D. K. Nguyen, L. Dunlap, D. Bartholomew, J. Elkind, J. Melendez, and C. E. Furlong, “Detection of Staphylococcus aureus enterotoxin B at femtomolar levels with a miniature integrated two-channel surface plasmon resonance (SPR) sensor,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 17(6-7), 573–584 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nishiya, Y.

K. Inamori, M. Kyo, Y. Nishiya, Y. Inoue, T. Sonoda, E. Kinoshita, T. Koike, and Y. Katayama, “Detection and quantification of on-chip phosphorylated peptides by surface plasmon resonance imaging techniques using a phosphate capture molecule,” Anal. Chem. 77(13), 3979–3985 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ogino, K.

H. Kawazumi, K. V. Gobi, K. Ogino, H. Maeda, and N. Miura, “Compact surface plasmon resonance (SPR) immunosensor using multichannel for simultaneous detection of small molecule compounds,” Sens Actuator B. 108(1-2), 791–796 (2005).
[Crossref]

Oresko, J. J.

J. J. Oresko, H. Duschl, S. Huang, Y. Sun, and A. C. Cheng, “A wearable smartphone-based platform for real-time cardiovascular disease detection via electrocardiogram processing,” IEEE Trans. Inf. Technol. Biomed. 14(3), 734–740 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Osada, H.

N. Kanoh, M. Kyo, K. Inamori, A. Ando, A. Asami, A. Nakao, and H. Osada, “SPR imaging of photo-cross-linked small-molecule arrays on gold,” Anal. Chem. 78(7), 2226–2230 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ozcan, A.

Q. Wei, H. Qi, W. Luo, D. Tseng, S. J. Ki, Z. Wan, Z. Göröcs, L. A. Bentolila, T. T. Wu, R. Sun, and A. Ozcan, “Fluorescent imaging of single nanoparticles and viruses on a smart phone,” ACS Nano 7(10), 9147–9155 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Papalia, G. A.

I. Navratilova, G. A. Papalia, R. L. Rich, D. Bedinger, S. Brophy, B. Condon, T. Deng, A. W. Emerick, H. W. Guan, T. Hayden, T. Heutmekers, B. Hoorelbeke, M. C. McCroskey, M. M. Murphy, T. Nakagawa, F. Parmeggiani, X. Qin, S. Rebe, N. Tomasevic, T. Tsang, M. B. Waddell, F. F. Zhang, S. Leavitt, and D. G. Myszka, “Thermodynamic benchmark study using Biacore technology,” Anal. Biochem. 364(1), 67–77 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Parmeggiani, F.

I. Navratilova, G. A. Papalia, R. L. Rich, D. Bedinger, S. Brophy, B. Condon, T. Deng, A. W. Emerick, H. W. Guan, T. Hayden, T. Heutmekers, B. Hoorelbeke, M. C. McCroskey, M. M. Murphy, T. Nakagawa, F. Parmeggiani, X. Qin, S. Rebe, N. Tomasevic, T. Tsang, M. B. Waddell, F. F. Zhang, S. Leavitt, and D. G. Myszka, “Thermodynamic benchmark study using Biacore technology,” Anal. Biochem. 364(1), 67–77 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pelechacz, D.

S. S. Zhao, N. Bukar, J. L. Toulouse, D. Pelechacz, R. Robitaille, J. N. Pelletier, and J. F. Masson, “Miniature multi-channel SPR instrument for methotrexate monitoring in clinical samples,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 64, 664–670 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pelletier, J. N.

S. S. Zhao, N. Bukar, J. L. Toulouse, D. Pelechacz, R. Robitaille, J. N. Pelletier, and J. F. Masson, “Miniature multi-channel SPR instrument for methotrexate monitoring in clinical samples,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 64, 664–670 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Postelnicu, L.

J. A. Ruemmele, M. S. Golden, Y. Gao, E. M. Cornelius, M. E. Anderson, L. Postelnicu, and R. M. Georgiadis, “Quantitative surface plasmon resonance imaging: a simple approach to automated angle scanning,” Anal. Chem. 80(12), 4752–4756 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pyun, J. C.

J. W. Chung, S. D. Kim, R. Bernhardt, and J. C. Pyun, “Application of SPR biosensor for medical diagnostics of human hepatitis B virus (hHBV),” Sens Actuator B. 111(5), 416–422 (2005).
[Crossref]

Qi, H.

Q. Wei, H. Qi, W. Luo, D. Tseng, S. J. Ki, Z. Wan, Z. Göröcs, L. A. Bentolila, T. T. Wu, R. Sun, and A. Ozcan, “Fluorescent imaging of single nanoparticles and viruses on a smart phone,” ACS Nano 7(10), 9147–9155 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Qin, X.

I. Navratilova, G. A. Papalia, R. L. Rich, D. Bedinger, S. Brophy, B. Condon, T. Deng, A. W. Emerick, H. W. Guan, T. Hayden, T. Heutmekers, B. Hoorelbeke, M. C. McCroskey, M. M. Murphy, T. Nakagawa, F. Parmeggiani, X. Qin, S. Rebe, N. Tomasevic, T. Tsang, M. B. Waddell, F. F. Zhang, S. Leavitt, and D. G. Myszka, “Thermodynamic benchmark study using Biacore technology,” Anal. Biochem. 364(1), 67–77 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Quaranta, F.

J. Spadavecchia, M. G. Manera, F. Quaranta, P. Siciliano, and R. Rella, “Surface plamon resonance imaging of DNA based biosensors for potential applications in food analysis,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 21(6), 894–900 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rebe, S.

I. Navratilova, G. A. Papalia, R. L. Rich, D. Bedinger, S. Brophy, B. Condon, T. Deng, A. W. Emerick, H. W. Guan, T. Hayden, T. Heutmekers, B. Hoorelbeke, M. C. McCroskey, M. M. Murphy, T. Nakagawa, F. Parmeggiani, X. Qin, S. Rebe, N. Tomasevic, T. Tsang, M. B. Waddell, F. F. Zhang, S. Leavitt, and D. G. Myszka, “Thermodynamic benchmark study using Biacore technology,” Anal. Biochem. 364(1), 67–77 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rella, R.

J. Spadavecchia, M. G. Manera, F. Quaranta, P. Siciliano, and R. Rella, “Surface plamon resonance imaging of DNA based biosensors for potential applications in food analysis,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 21(6), 894–900 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rich, R. L.

I. Navratilova, G. A. Papalia, R. L. Rich, D. Bedinger, S. Brophy, B. Condon, T. Deng, A. W. Emerick, H. W. Guan, T. Hayden, T. Heutmekers, B. Hoorelbeke, M. C. McCroskey, M. M. Murphy, T. Nakagawa, F. Parmeggiani, X. Qin, S. Rebe, N. Tomasevic, T. Tsang, M. B. Waddell, F. F. Zhang, S. Leavitt, and D. G. Myszka, “Thermodynamic benchmark study using Biacore technology,” Anal. Biochem. 364(1), 67–77 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Robitaille, R.

S. S. Zhao, N. Bukar, J. L. Toulouse, D. Pelechacz, R. Robitaille, J. N. Pelletier, and J. F. Masson, “Miniature multi-channel SPR instrument for methotrexate monitoring in clinical samples,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 64, 664–670 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ruemmele, J. A.

J. A. Ruemmele, M. S. Golden, Y. Gao, E. M. Cornelius, M. E. Anderson, L. Postelnicu, and R. M. Georgiadis, “Quantitative surface plasmon resonance imaging: a simple approach to automated angle scanning,” Anal. Chem. 80(12), 4752–4756 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shankaran, D. R.

D. R. Shankaran, K. V. Gobi, and N. Miura, “Recent advancements in surface plasmon resonance immunosensors for detection of small molecules of biomedical, food and environmental interest,” Sens Actuator B. 121(1), 158–177 (2007).
[Crossref]

S. J. Kim, K. V. Gobi, R. Harada, D. R. Shankaran, and N. Miura, “Miniaturized portable surface plasmon resonance immunosensor applicable for on-site detection of low-molecular-weight analytes,” Sens Actuator B. 115(1), 349–356 (2006).
[Crossref]

Siciliano, P.

J. Spadavecchia, M. G. Manera, F. Quaranta, P. Siciliano, and R. Rella, “Surface plamon resonance imaging of DNA based biosensors for potential applications in food analysis,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 21(6), 894–900 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Soelberg, S. D.

T. M. Chinowsky, S. D. Soelberg, P. Baker, N. R. Swanson, P. Kauffman, A. Mactutis, M. S. Grow, R. Atmar, S. S. Yee, and C. E. Furlong, “Portable 24-analyte surface plasmon resonance instruments for rapid, versatile biodetection,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 22(9-10), 2268–2275 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. N. Naimushin, S. D. Soelberg, D. K. Nguyen, L. Dunlap, D. Bartholomew, J. Elkind, J. Melendez, and C. E. Furlong, “Detection of Staphylococcus aureus enterotoxin B at femtomolar levels with a miniature integrated two-channel surface plasmon resonance (SPR) sensor,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 17(6-7), 573–584 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Soh, H. T.

F. M. Walker, K. M. Ahmad, M. Eisenstein, and H. T. Soh, “Transformation of Personal Computers and Mobile Phones into Genetic Diagnostic Systems,” Anal. Chem. 86(18), 9236–9241 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sonoda, T.

K. Inamori, M. Kyo, Y. Nishiya, Y. Inoue, T. Sonoda, E. Kinoshita, T. Koike, and Y. Katayama, “Detection and quantification of on-chip phosphorylated peptides by surface plasmon resonance imaging techniques using a phosphate capture molecule,” Anal. Chem. 77(13), 3979–3985 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Spadavecchia, J.

J. Spadavecchia, M. G. Manera, F. Quaranta, P. Siciliano, and R. Rella, “Surface plamon resonance imaging of DNA based biosensors for potential applications in food analysis,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 21(6), 894–900 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sun, R.

Q. Wei, H. Qi, W. Luo, D. Tseng, S. J. Ki, Z. Wan, Z. Göröcs, L. A. Bentolila, T. T. Wu, R. Sun, and A. Ozcan, “Fluorescent imaging of single nanoparticles and viruses on a smart phone,” ACS Nano 7(10), 9147–9155 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sun, Y.

J. J. Oresko, H. Duschl, S. Huang, Y. Sun, and A. C. Cheng, “A wearable smartphone-based platform for real-time cardiovascular disease detection via electrocardiogram processing,” IEEE Trans. Inf. Technol. Biomed. 14(3), 734–740 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Swanson, N. R.

T. M. Chinowsky, S. D. Soelberg, P. Baker, N. R. Swanson, P. Kauffman, A. Mactutis, M. S. Grow, R. Atmar, S. S. Yee, and C. E. Furlong, “Portable 24-analyte surface plasmon resonance instruments for rapid, versatile biodetection,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 22(9-10), 2268–2275 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tan, W.

X. Yang, Q. Wang, K. Wang, W. Tan, and H. Li, “Enhanced surface plasmon resonance with the modified catalytic growth of Au nanoparticles,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 22(6), 1106–1110 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tomasevic, N.

I. Navratilova, G. A. Papalia, R. L. Rich, D. Bedinger, S. Brophy, B. Condon, T. Deng, A. W. Emerick, H. W. Guan, T. Hayden, T. Heutmekers, B. Hoorelbeke, M. C. McCroskey, M. M. Murphy, T. Nakagawa, F. Parmeggiani, X. Qin, S. Rebe, N. Tomasevic, T. Tsang, M. B. Waddell, F. F. Zhang, S. Leavitt, and D. G. Myszka, “Thermodynamic benchmark study using Biacore technology,” Anal. Biochem. 364(1), 67–77 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Toulouse, J. L.

S. S. Zhao, N. Bukar, J. L. Toulouse, D. Pelechacz, R. Robitaille, J. N. Pelletier, and J. F. Masson, “Miniature multi-channel SPR instrument for methotrexate monitoring in clinical samples,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 64, 664–670 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tsang, T.

I. Navratilova, G. A. Papalia, R. L. Rich, D. Bedinger, S. Brophy, B. Condon, T. Deng, A. W. Emerick, H. W. Guan, T. Hayden, T. Heutmekers, B. Hoorelbeke, M. C. McCroskey, M. M. Murphy, T. Nakagawa, F. Parmeggiani, X. Qin, S. Rebe, N. Tomasevic, T. Tsang, M. B. Waddell, F. F. Zhang, S. Leavitt, and D. G. Myszka, “Thermodynamic benchmark study using Biacore technology,” Anal. Biochem. 364(1), 67–77 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tseng, D.

Q. Wei, H. Qi, W. Luo, D. Tseng, S. J. Ki, Z. Wan, Z. Göröcs, L. A. Bentolila, T. T. Wu, R. Sun, and A. Ozcan, “Fluorescent imaging of single nanoparticles and viruses on a smart phone,” ACS Nano 7(10), 9147–9155 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Waddell, M. B.

I. Navratilova, G. A. Papalia, R. L. Rich, D. Bedinger, S. Brophy, B. Condon, T. Deng, A. W. Emerick, H. W. Guan, T. Hayden, T. Heutmekers, B. Hoorelbeke, M. C. McCroskey, M. M. Murphy, T. Nakagawa, F. Parmeggiani, X. Qin, S. Rebe, N. Tomasevic, T. Tsang, M. B. Waddell, F. F. Zhang, S. Leavitt, and D. G. Myszka, “Thermodynamic benchmark study using Biacore technology,” Anal. Biochem. 364(1), 67–77 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Walker, F. M.

F. M. Walker, K. M. Ahmad, M. Eisenstein, and H. T. Soh, “Transformation of Personal Computers and Mobile Phones into Genetic Diagnostic Systems,” Anal. Chem. 86(18), 9236–9241 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wan, Z.

Q. Wei, H. Qi, W. Luo, D. Tseng, S. J. Ki, Z. Wan, Z. Göröcs, L. A. Bentolila, T. T. Wu, R. Sun, and A. Ozcan, “Fluorescent imaging of single nanoparticles and viruses on a smart phone,” ACS Nano 7(10), 9147–9155 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, K.

X. Yang, Q. Wang, K. Wang, W. Tan, and H. Li, “Enhanced surface plasmon resonance with the modified catalytic growth of Au nanoparticles,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 22(6), 1106–1110 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, Q.

X. Yang, Q. Wang, K. Wang, W. Tan, and H. Li, “Enhanced surface plasmon resonance with the modified catalytic growth of Au nanoparticles,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 22(6), 1106–1110 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wei, Q.

Q. Wei, H. Qi, W. Luo, D. Tseng, S. J. Ki, Z. Wan, Z. Göröcs, L. A. Bentolila, T. T. Wu, R. Sun, and A. Ozcan, “Fluorescent imaging of single nanoparticles and viruses on a smart phone,” ACS Nano 7(10), 9147–9155 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wu, T. T.

Q. Wei, H. Qi, W. Luo, D. Tseng, S. J. Ki, Z. Wan, Z. Göröcs, L. A. Bentolila, T. T. Wu, R. Sun, and A. Ozcan, “Fluorescent imaging of single nanoparticles and viruses on a smart phone,” ACS Nano 7(10), 9147–9155 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yager, P.

T. M. Chinowsky, M. S. Grow, K. S. Johnston, K. Nelson, T. Edwards, E. Fu, and P. Yager, “Compact, high performance surface plasmon resonance imaging system,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 22(9-10), 2208–2215 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yang, X.

X. Yang, Q. Wang, K. Wang, W. Tan, and H. Li, “Enhanced surface plasmon resonance with the modified catalytic growth of Au nanoparticles,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 22(6), 1106–1110 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yee, S. S.

T. M. Chinowsky, S. D. Soelberg, P. Baker, N. R. Swanson, P. Kauffman, A. Mactutis, M. S. Grow, R. Atmar, S. S. Yee, and C. E. Furlong, “Portable 24-analyte surface plasmon resonance instruments for rapid, versatile biodetection,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 22(9-10), 2268–2275 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, F. F.

I. Navratilova, G. A. Papalia, R. L. Rich, D. Bedinger, S. Brophy, B. Condon, T. Deng, A. W. Emerick, H. W. Guan, T. Hayden, T. Heutmekers, B. Hoorelbeke, M. C. McCroskey, M. M. Murphy, T. Nakagawa, F. Parmeggiani, X. Qin, S. Rebe, N. Tomasevic, T. Tsang, M. B. Waddell, F. F. Zhang, S. Leavitt, and D. G. Myszka, “Thermodynamic benchmark study using Biacore technology,” Anal. Biochem. 364(1), 67–77 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhao, S. S.

S. S. Zhao, N. Bukar, J. L. Toulouse, D. Pelechacz, R. Robitaille, J. N. Pelletier, and J. F. Masson, “Miniature multi-channel SPR instrument for methotrexate monitoring in clinical samples,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 64, 664–670 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

ACS Nano (1)

Q. Wei, H. Qi, W. Luo, D. Tseng, S. J. Ki, Z. Wan, Z. Göröcs, L. A. Bentolila, T. T. Wu, R. Sun, and A. Ozcan, “Fluorescent imaging of single nanoparticles and viruses on a smart phone,” ACS Nano 7(10), 9147–9155 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Anal. Biochem. (1)

I. Navratilova, G. A. Papalia, R. L. Rich, D. Bedinger, S. Brophy, B. Condon, T. Deng, A. W. Emerick, H. W. Guan, T. Hayden, T. Heutmekers, B. Hoorelbeke, M. C. McCroskey, M. M. Murphy, T. Nakagawa, F. Parmeggiani, X. Qin, S. Rebe, N. Tomasevic, T. Tsang, M. B. Waddell, F. F. Zhang, S. Leavitt, and D. G. Myszka, “Thermodynamic benchmark study using Biacore technology,” Anal. Biochem. 364(1), 67–77 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Anal. Chem. (4)

F. M. Walker, K. M. Ahmad, M. Eisenstein, and H. T. Soh, “Transformation of Personal Computers and Mobile Phones into Genetic Diagnostic Systems,” Anal. Chem. 86(18), 9236–9241 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. A. Ruemmele, M. S. Golden, Y. Gao, E. M. Cornelius, M. E. Anderson, L. Postelnicu, and R. M. Georgiadis, “Quantitative surface plasmon resonance imaging: a simple approach to automated angle scanning,” Anal. Chem. 80(12), 4752–4756 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Kanoh, M. Kyo, K. Inamori, A. Ando, A. Asami, A. Nakao, and H. Osada, “SPR imaging of photo-cross-linked small-molecule arrays on gold,” Anal. Chem. 78(7), 2226–2230 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Inamori, M. Kyo, Y. Nishiya, Y. Inoue, T. Sonoda, E. Kinoshita, T. Koike, and Y. Katayama, “Detection and quantification of on-chip phosphorylated peptides by surface plasmon resonance imaging techniques using a phosphate capture molecule,” Anal. Chem. 77(13), 3979–3985 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Biosens. Bioelectron. (8)

J. Spadavecchia, M. G. Manera, F. Quaranta, P. Siciliano, and R. Rella, “Surface plamon resonance imaging of DNA based biosensors for potential applications in food analysis,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 21(6), 894–900 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. M. Chinowsky, M. S. Grow, K. S. Johnston, K. Nelson, T. Edwards, E. Fu, and P. Yager, “Compact, high performance surface plasmon resonance imaging system,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 22(9-10), 2208–2215 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Huang and Y. Chen, “Label-free reading of microarray-based proteins with high throughput surface plasmon resonance imaging,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 22(5), 644–648 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. R. Marchesini, K. Koopal, E. Meulenberg, W. Haasnoot, and H. Irth, “Spreeta-based biosensor assays for endocrine disruptors,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 22(9-10), 1908–1915 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. N. Naimushin, S. D. Soelberg, D. K. Nguyen, L. Dunlap, D. Bartholomew, J. Elkind, J. Melendez, and C. E. Furlong, “Detection of Staphylococcus aureus enterotoxin B at femtomolar levels with a miniature integrated two-channel surface plasmon resonance (SPR) sensor,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 17(6-7), 573–584 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. M. Chinowsky, S. D. Soelberg, P. Baker, N. R. Swanson, P. Kauffman, A. Mactutis, M. S. Grow, R. Atmar, S. S. Yee, and C. E. Furlong, “Portable 24-analyte surface plasmon resonance instruments for rapid, versatile biodetection,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 22(9-10), 2268–2275 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. S. Zhao, N. Bukar, J. L. Toulouse, D. Pelechacz, R. Robitaille, J. N. Pelletier, and J. F. Masson, “Miniature multi-channel SPR instrument for methotrexate monitoring in clinical samples,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 64, 664–670 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Yang, Q. Wang, K. Wang, W. Tan, and H. Li, “Enhanced surface plasmon resonance with the modified catalytic growth of Au nanoparticles,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 22(6), 1106–1110 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chem. Rev. (1)

J. Homola, “Surface plasmon resonance sensors for detection of chemical and biological species,” Chem. Rev. 108(2), 462–493 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

IEEE Trans. Inf. Technol. Biomed. (1)

J. J. Oresko, H. Duschl, S. Huang, Y. Sun, and A. C. Cheng, “A wearable smartphone-based platform for real-time cardiovascular disease detection via electrocardiogram processing,” IEEE Trans. Inf. Technol. Biomed. 14(3), 734–740 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sens Actuator B. (5)

J. W. Chung, S. D. Kim, R. Bernhardt, and J. C. Pyun, “Application of SPR biosensor for medical diagnostics of human hepatitis B virus (hHBV),” Sens Actuator B. 111(5), 416–422 (2005).
[Crossref]

H. Kawazumi, K. V. Gobi, K. Ogino, H. Maeda, and N. Miura, “Compact surface plasmon resonance (SPR) immunosensor using multichannel for simultaneous detection of small molecule compounds,” Sens Actuator B. 108(1-2), 791–796 (2005).
[Crossref]

S. J. Kim, K. V. Gobi, R. Harada, D. R. Shankaran, and N. Miura, “Miniaturized portable surface plasmon resonance immunosensor applicable for on-site detection of low-molecular-weight analytes,” Sens Actuator B. 115(1), 349–356 (2006).
[Crossref]

K. V. Gobi and N. Miura, “Highly sensitive and interference-free simultaneous detection of two polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons at parts-per-trillion levels using a surface plasmon resonance immunosensor,” Sens Actuator B. 103(1-2), 265–271 (2004).
[Crossref]

D. R. Shankaran, K. V. Gobi, and N. Miura, “Recent advancements in surface plasmon resonance immunosensors for detection of small molecules of biomedical, food and environmental interest,” Sens Actuator B. 121(1), 158–177 (2007).
[Crossref]

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Design of the multi-channel surface plasmon resonance biosensor. (a) Photograph of the sensing element; (b) schematic of the multi-channel SPR biosensor; (c) images of measurement, control and reference channels; (d) interface of the app that controls the SPR instrument.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 (a) SPR biosensor representation for IgG and Con A detection and (b) the antibody immobilization protocol on the fiber surface.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Principle of the multi-channel SPR biosensor.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Diagram of the real-time-sensing experimental setup for multi-analyte detection.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 RI calibration results from the multi-channel SPR biosensor. (a) Time response of the SPR sensor for solutions with different RI; (b) steady-state SPR response vs. refractive index units (RIU) from which the sensitivity and resolution were calculated.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Relative intensity response of the anti-IgG and anti-Con A-immobilized sensor. The response to (a) IgG sample (0.15 mg/mL), (b) Con A sample (0.15 mg/mL).
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 The relative intensity variation of the sensors as a function of concentration of IgG–Con A sample (0.025–0.2 mg/mL).
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 The relative intensity variation of IgG and Con A sensors for single and mixed samples.

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