Abstract

We apply an adaptive forward error correction (FEC) allocation strategy to an Elastic Optical Network (EON) operated with shared backup path protection (SBPP). To maximize the protected network capacity that can be carried, an Integer Linear Programing (ILP) model and a spectrum window plane (SWP)-based heuristic algorithm are developed. Simulation results show that the FEC coding overhead required by the adaptive FEC scheme is significantly lower than that needed by a fixed FEC allocation strategy resulting in higher network capacity for the adaptive strategy. The adaptive FEC allocation strategy can also significantly outperform the fixed FEC allocation strategy both in terms of the spare capacity redundancy and the average FEC coding overhead needed per optical channel. The proposed heuristic algorithm is efficient and not only performs closer to the ILP model but also does much better than the shortest-path algorithm.

© 2015 Optical Society of America

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References

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2015 (1)

2014 (3)

Y. Li, H. Dai, G. Shen, and S. K. Bose, “Adaptive FEC-based lightpath routing and wavelength assignment in WDM optical networks,” Opt. Switching Networking 14(3), 241–249 (2014).
[Crossref]

A. Rasmussen, M. P. Yankov, M. S. Berger, K. J. Larsen, and S. Ruepp, “Improved energy efficiency for optical transport networks by elastic forward error correction,” IEEE/OSA, J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 6(4), 397–402 (2014).
[Crossref]

G. Shen, Y. Wei, and S. K. Bose, “Optimal design for shared backup path protected elastic optical networks under single-link failure,” IEEE/OSA, J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 6(7), 649–659 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (1)

L. Ruan and N. Xiao, “Survivable multipath routing and spectrum allocation in OFDM-based flexible optical networks,” Opt. Commun. Netw. 5(3), 172–182 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (3)

B. Chen, J. Zhang, Y. Zhao, C. Lv, W. Zhang, S. Huang, X. Zhang, and W. Gu, “Multi-link failure restoration with dynamic load balancing in spectrum-elastic optical path networks,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 18(1), 21–28 (2012).
[Crossref]

O. Gerstel, M. Jinno, A. Lord, and S. J. B. Yoo, “Elastic optical networking: A new dawn for the optical layer?” IEEE Commun. Mag. 50(2), s12–s20 (2012).
[Crossref]

Y. Wang, X. Cao, Q. Hu, and Y. Pan, “Towards elastic and fine-granular bandwidth allocation in spectrum-sliced optical networks,” IEEE/OSA, J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 4(11), 906–917 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (3)

B. Todd and J. Doucette, “Fast efficient design of shared backup path protected networks using a multi-flow optimization model,” IEEE Trans. Reliab. 60(4), 788–800 (2011).
[Crossref]

G. Gho, L. Klak, and J. Kahn, “Rate-adaptive coding for optical fiber transmission systems,” IEEE/OSA, J. Lightwave Technol. 29(2), 222–233 (2011).
[Crossref]

Y. Sone, A. Watanabe, W. Imajuku, Y. Tsukishima, B. Kozicki, H. Takara, and M. Jinno, “Bandwidth squeezed restoration in spectrum-sliced elastic optical path networks (SLICE),” J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 3(3), 223–233 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (1)

F. Chang, K. Onohara, and T. Mizuochi, “Forward error correction for 100G transport networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 48(3), S48–S55 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (1)

M. Jinno, H. Takara, B. Kozicki, Y. Tsukishima, Y. Sone, and S. Matsuoka, “Spectrum-efficient and scalable elastic optical path network: architecture, benefits, and enabling technologies,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 47(11), 66–73 (2009).
[Crossref]

2007 (1)

J. Yuan, W. Ye, Z. Jiang, Y. Mao, and W. Wang, “A novel super-FEC code based on concatenated code for high-speed long-haul optical communication systems,” Opt. Commun. 273(2), 421–427 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (1)

T. Mizuochi, “Recent progress in forward error correction and its interplay with transmission impairments,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12(4), 544–554 (2006).
[Crossref]

2005 (1)

I. B. Djordjevic and B. Vasic, “Iteratively decodable codes from orthogonal arrays for optical communication systems,” IEEE Commun. Lett. 9(10), 924–926 (2005).
[Crossref]

2004 (1)

T. Mizuochi, Y. Miyata, T. Kobayashi, K. Ouchi, K. Kuno, K. Kubo, K. Shimizu, H. Tagami, H. Yoshida, H. Fujita, M. Akita, and K. Motoshima, “Forward error correction based on block turbo code with 3-bit soft decision for 10-Gb/s optical communication systems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10(2), 376–386 (2004).
[Crossref]

2001 (1)

S. Y. Chung, J. G. Forney, T. Richardson, and R. Urbanke, “On the design of low-density parity-check codes within 0.0045 dB of the Shannon limit,” IEEE Commun. Lett. 5(2), 58–60 (2001).
[Crossref]

1988 (1)

W. D. Grover, “Forward error correction in dispersion-limited lightwave system,” IEEE/OSA, J. Lightwave Technol. 6(5), 643–654 (1988).
[Crossref]

Akita, M.

T. Mizuochi, Y. Miyata, T. Kobayashi, K. Ouchi, K. Kuno, K. Kubo, K. Shimizu, H. Tagami, H. Yoshida, H. Fujita, M. Akita, and K. Motoshima, “Forward error correction based on block turbo code with 3-bit soft decision for 10-Gb/s optical communication systems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10(2), 376–386 (2004).
[Crossref]

Berger, M. S.

A. Rasmussen, M. P. Yankov, M. S. Berger, K. J. Larsen, and S. Ruepp, “Improved energy efficiency for optical transport networks by elastic forward error correction,” IEEE/OSA, J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 6(4), 397–402 (2014).
[Crossref]

Bose, S. K.

C. Wang, G. Shen, and S. K. Bose, “Distance adaptive dynamic routing and spectrum allocation in elastic optical networks with shared backup path protection,” J. Lightwave Technol. 33(14), 2955–2964 (2015).
[Crossref]

G. Shen, Y. Wei, and S. K. Bose, “Optimal design for shared backup path protected elastic optical networks under single-link failure,” IEEE/OSA, J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 6(7), 649–659 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. Li, H. Dai, G. Shen, and S. K. Bose, “Adaptive FEC-based lightpath routing and wavelength assignment in WDM optical networks,” Opt. Switching Networking 14(3), 241–249 (2014).
[Crossref]

Cao, X.

Y. Wang, X. Cao, Q. Hu, and Y. Pan, “Towards elastic and fine-granular bandwidth allocation in spectrum-sliced optical networks,” IEEE/OSA, J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 4(11), 906–917 (2012).
[Crossref]

Chang, F.

F. Chang, K. Onohara, and T. Mizuochi, “Forward error correction for 100G transport networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 48(3), S48–S55 (2010).
[Crossref]

Chen, B.

B. Chen, J. Zhang, Y. Zhao, C. Lv, W. Zhang, S. Huang, X. Zhang, and W. Gu, “Multi-link failure restoration with dynamic load balancing in spectrum-elastic optical path networks,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 18(1), 21–28 (2012).
[Crossref]

Chung, S. Y.

S. Y. Chung, J. G. Forney, T. Richardson, and R. Urbanke, “On the design of low-density parity-check codes within 0.0045 dB of the Shannon limit,” IEEE Commun. Lett. 5(2), 58–60 (2001).
[Crossref]

Costantini, C.

C. Dorize, O. Rival, and C. Costantini, “Power scaling of LDPC decoder stage in long haul networks,” in Proc. International Conference on Photonics in Switching2012, Ajaccio, pp.1–3.

Dai, H.

Y. Li, H. Dai, G. Shen, and S. K. Bose, “Adaptive FEC-based lightpath routing and wavelength assignment in WDM optical networks,” Opt. Switching Networking 14(3), 241–249 (2014).
[Crossref]

Djordjevic, I. B.

I. B. Djordjevic and B. Vasic, “Iteratively decodable codes from orthogonal arrays for optical communication systems,” IEEE Commun. Lett. 9(10), 924–926 (2005).
[Crossref]

Dorize, C.

C. Dorize, O. Rival, and C. Costantini, “Power scaling of LDPC decoder stage in long haul networks,” in Proc. International Conference on Photonics in Switching2012, Ajaccio, pp.1–3.

Doucette, J.

B. Todd and J. Doucette, “Fast efficient design of shared backup path protected networks using a multi-flow optimization model,” IEEE Trans. Reliab. 60(4), 788–800 (2011).
[Crossref]

Forney, J. G.

S. Y. Chung, J. G. Forney, T. Richardson, and R. Urbanke, “On the design of low-density parity-check codes within 0.0045 dB of the Shannon limit,” IEEE Commun. Lett. 5(2), 58–60 (2001).
[Crossref]

Fujita, H.

T. Mizuochi, Y. Miyata, T. Kobayashi, K. Ouchi, K. Kuno, K. Kubo, K. Shimizu, H. Tagami, H. Yoshida, H. Fujita, M. Akita, and K. Motoshima, “Forward error correction based on block turbo code with 3-bit soft decision for 10-Gb/s optical communication systems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10(2), 376–386 (2004).
[Crossref]

Gerstel, O.

O. Gerstel, M. Jinno, A. Lord, and S. J. B. Yoo, “Elastic optical networking: A new dawn for the optical layer?” IEEE Commun. Mag. 50(2), s12–s20 (2012).
[Crossref]

Gho, G.

G. Gho, L. Klak, and J. Kahn, “Rate-adaptive coding for optical fiber transmission systems,” IEEE/OSA, J. Lightwave Technol. 29(2), 222–233 (2011).
[Crossref]

Grover, W. D.

W. D. Grover, “Forward error correction in dispersion-limited lightwave system,” IEEE/OSA, J. Lightwave Technol. 6(5), 643–654 (1988).
[Crossref]

Gu, W.

B. Chen, J. Zhang, Y. Zhao, C. Lv, W. Zhang, S. Huang, X. Zhang, and W. Gu, “Multi-link failure restoration with dynamic load balancing in spectrum-elastic optical path networks,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 18(1), 21–28 (2012).
[Crossref]

Habibi, D.

D. Habibi, V. Q. Phung, and H. N. Nguyen, “Minimizing the number of constraints for shared backup path protection (SBPP) in shared risk link group (SRLG) optical mesh networks,” in Proc. International Conference on Networks2007, Adelaide, SA, pp.246–251.
[Crossref]

Hu, Q.

Y. Wang, X. Cao, Q. Hu, and Y. Pan, “Towards elastic and fine-granular bandwidth allocation in spectrum-sliced optical networks,” IEEE/OSA, J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 4(11), 906–917 (2012).
[Crossref]

Huang, S.

B. Chen, J. Zhang, Y. Zhao, C. Lv, W. Zhang, S. Huang, X. Zhang, and W. Gu, “Multi-link failure restoration with dynamic load balancing in spectrum-elastic optical path networks,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 18(1), 21–28 (2012).
[Crossref]

Imajuku, W.

Jiang, Z.

J. Yuan, W. Ye, Z. Jiang, Y. Mao, and W. Wang, “A novel super-FEC code based on concatenated code for high-speed long-haul optical communication systems,” Opt. Commun. 273(2), 421–427 (2007).
[Crossref]

Jinno, M.

O. Gerstel, M. Jinno, A. Lord, and S. J. B. Yoo, “Elastic optical networking: A new dawn for the optical layer?” IEEE Commun. Mag. 50(2), s12–s20 (2012).
[Crossref]

Y. Sone, A. Watanabe, W. Imajuku, Y. Tsukishima, B. Kozicki, H. Takara, and M. Jinno, “Bandwidth squeezed restoration in spectrum-sliced elastic optical path networks (SLICE),” J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 3(3), 223–233 (2011).
[Crossref]

M. Jinno, H. Takara, B. Kozicki, Y. Tsukishima, Y. Sone, and S. Matsuoka, “Spectrum-efficient and scalable elastic optical path network: architecture, benefits, and enabling technologies,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 47(11), 66–73 (2009).
[Crossref]

Kahn, J.

G. Gho, L. Klak, and J. Kahn, “Rate-adaptive coding for optical fiber transmission systems,” IEEE/OSA, J. Lightwave Technol. 29(2), 222–233 (2011).
[Crossref]

Klak, L.

G. Gho, L. Klak, and J. Kahn, “Rate-adaptive coding for optical fiber transmission systems,” IEEE/OSA, J. Lightwave Technol. 29(2), 222–233 (2011).
[Crossref]

Kobayashi, T.

T. Mizuochi, Y. Miyata, T. Kobayashi, K. Ouchi, K. Kuno, K. Kubo, K. Shimizu, H. Tagami, H. Yoshida, H. Fujita, M. Akita, and K. Motoshima, “Forward error correction based on block turbo code with 3-bit soft decision for 10-Gb/s optical communication systems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10(2), 376–386 (2004).
[Crossref]

Kozicki, B.

Y. Sone, A. Watanabe, W. Imajuku, Y. Tsukishima, B. Kozicki, H. Takara, and M. Jinno, “Bandwidth squeezed restoration in spectrum-sliced elastic optical path networks (SLICE),” J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 3(3), 223–233 (2011).
[Crossref]

M. Jinno, H. Takara, B. Kozicki, Y. Tsukishima, Y. Sone, and S. Matsuoka, “Spectrum-efficient and scalable elastic optical path network: architecture, benefits, and enabling technologies,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 47(11), 66–73 (2009).
[Crossref]

Kubo, K.

T. Mizuochi, Y. Miyata, T. Kobayashi, K. Ouchi, K. Kuno, K. Kubo, K. Shimizu, H. Tagami, H. Yoshida, H. Fujita, M. Akita, and K. Motoshima, “Forward error correction based on block turbo code with 3-bit soft decision for 10-Gb/s optical communication systems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10(2), 376–386 (2004).
[Crossref]

Kuno, K.

T. Mizuochi, Y. Miyata, T. Kobayashi, K. Ouchi, K. Kuno, K. Kubo, K. Shimizu, H. Tagami, H. Yoshida, H. Fujita, M. Akita, and K. Motoshima, “Forward error correction based on block turbo code with 3-bit soft decision for 10-Gb/s optical communication systems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10(2), 376–386 (2004).
[Crossref]

Larsen, K. J.

A. Rasmussen, M. P. Yankov, M. S. Berger, K. J. Larsen, and S. Ruepp, “Improved energy efficiency for optical transport networks by elastic forward error correction,” IEEE/OSA, J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 6(4), 397–402 (2014).
[Crossref]

Li, Y.

Y. Li, H. Dai, G. Shen, and S. K. Bose, “Adaptive FEC-based lightpath routing and wavelength assignment in WDM optical networks,” Opt. Switching Networking 14(3), 241–249 (2014).
[Crossref]

Lord, A.

O. Gerstel, M. Jinno, A. Lord, and S. J. B. Yoo, “Elastic optical networking: A new dawn for the optical layer?” IEEE Commun. Mag. 50(2), s12–s20 (2012).
[Crossref]

Lv, C.

B. Chen, J. Zhang, Y. Zhao, C. Lv, W. Zhang, S. Huang, X. Zhang, and W. Gu, “Multi-link failure restoration with dynamic load balancing in spectrum-elastic optical path networks,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 18(1), 21–28 (2012).
[Crossref]

Mao, Y.

J. Yuan, W. Ye, Z. Jiang, Y. Mao, and W. Wang, “A novel super-FEC code based on concatenated code for high-speed long-haul optical communication systems,” Opt. Commun. 273(2), 421–427 (2007).
[Crossref]

Matsuoka, S.

M. Jinno, H. Takara, B. Kozicki, Y. Tsukishima, Y. Sone, and S. Matsuoka, “Spectrum-efficient and scalable elastic optical path network: architecture, benefits, and enabling technologies,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 47(11), 66–73 (2009).
[Crossref]

Mello, D. A. A.

D. A. A. Mello, J. U. Pelegrini, R. P. Ribeiro, D. A. Schupkey, and H. Waldman, “Dynamic provisioning of shared-backup path protected connections with guaranteed availability requirements,” in Proc. International Conference on Broadband Networks2005, Boston, MA, pp.1320–1327.
[Crossref]

Miyata, Y.

T. Mizuochi, Y. Miyata, T. Kobayashi, K. Ouchi, K. Kuno, K. Kubo, K. Shimizu, H. Tagami, H. Yoshida, H. Fujita, M. Akita, and K. Motoshima, “Forward error correction based on block turbo code with 3-bit soft decision for 10-Gb/s optical communication systems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10(2), 376–386 (2004).
[Crossref]

Mizuochi, T.

F. Chang, K. Onohara, and T. Mizuochi, “Forward error correction for 100G transport networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 48(3), S48–S55 (2010).
[Crossref]

T. Mizuochi, “Recent progress in forward error correction and its interplay with transmission impairments,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12(4), 544–554 (2006).
[Crossref]

T. Mizuochi, Y. Miyata, T. Kobayashi, K. Ouchi, K. Kuno, K. Kubo, K. Shimizu, H. Tagami, H. Yoshida, H. Fujita, M. Akita, and K. Motoshima, “Forward error correction based on block turbo code with 3-bit soft decision for 10-Gb/s optical communication systems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10(2), 376–386 (2004).
[Crossref]

Motoshima, K.

T. Mizuochi, Y. Miyata, T. Kobayashi, K. Ouchi, K. Kuno, K. Kubo, K. Shimizu, H. Tagami, H. Yoshida, H. Fujita, M. Akita, and K. Motoshima, “Forward error correction based on block turbo code with 3-bit soft decision for 10-Gb/s optical communication systems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10(2), 376–386 (2004).
[Crossref]

Nguyen, H. N.

D. Habibi, V. Q. Phung, and H. N. Nguyen, “Minimizing the number of constraints for shared backup path protection (SBPP) in shared risk link group (SRLG) optical mesh networks,” in Proc. International Conference on Networks2007, Adelaide, SA, pp.246–251.
[Crossref]

Onohara, K.

F. Chang, K. Onohara, and T. Mizuochi, “Forward error correction for 100G transport networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 48(3), S48–S55 (2010).
[Crossref]

Ouchi, K.

T. Mizuochi, Y. Miyata, T. Kobayashi, K. Ouchi, K. Kuno, K. Kubo, K. Shimizu, H. Tagami, H. Yoshida, H. Fujita, M. Akita, and K. Motoshima, “Forward error correction based on block turbo code with 3-bit soft decision for 10-Gb/s optical communication systems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10(2), 376–386 (2004).
[Crossref]

Pan, Y.

Y. Wang, X. Cao, Q. Hu, and Y. Pan, “Towards elastic and fine-granular bandwidth allocation in spectrum-sliced optical networks,” IEEE/OSA, J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 4(11), 906–917 (2012).
[Crossref]

Pelegrini, J. U.

D. A. A. Mello, J. U. Pelegrini, R. P. Ribeiro, D. A. Schupkey, and H. Waldman, “Dynamic provisioning of shared-backup path protected connections with guaranteed availability requirements,” in Proc. International Conference on Broadband Networks2005, Boston, MA, pp.1320–1327.
[Crossref]

Phung, V. Q.

D. Habibi, V. Q. Phung, and H. N. Nguyen, “Minimizing the number of constraints for shared backup path protection (SBPP) in shared risk link group (SRLG) optical mesh networks,” in Proc. International Conference on Networks2007, Adelaide, SA, pp.246–251.
[Crossref]

Rasmussen, A.

A. Rasmussen, M. P. Yankov, M. S. Berger, K. J. Larsen, and S. Ruepp, “Improved energy efficiency for optical transport networks by elastic forward error correction,” IEEE/OSA, J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 6(4), 397–402 (2014).
[Crossref]

Ribeiro, R. P.

D. A. A. Mello, J. U. Pelegrini, R. P. Ribeiro, D. A. Schupkey, and H. Waldman, “Dynamic provisioning of shared-backup path protected connections with guaranteed availability requirements,” in Proc. International Conference on Broadband Networks2005, Boston, MA, pp.1320–1327.
[Crossref]

Richardson, T.

S. Y. Chung, J. G. Forney, T. Richardson, and R. Urbanke, “On the design of low-density parity-check codes within 0.0045 dB of the Shannon limit,” IEEE Commun. Lett. 5(2), 58–60 (2001).
[Crossref]

Rival, O.

C. Dorize, O. Rival, and C. Costantini, “Power scaling of LDPC decoder stage in long haul networks,” in Proc. International Conference on Photonics in Switching2012, Ajaccio, pp.1–3.

Ruan, L.

L. Ruan and N. Xiao, “Survivable multipath routing and spectrum allocation in OFDM-based flexible optical networks,” Opt. Commun. Netw. 5(3), 172–182 (2013).
[Crossref]

Ruepp, S.

A. Rasmussen, M. P. Yankov, M. S. Berger, K. J. Larsen, and S. Ruepp, “Improved energy efficiency for optical transport networks by elastic forward error correction,” IEEE/OSA, J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 6(4), 397–402 (2014).
[Crossref]

Schupkey, D. A.

D. A. A. Mello, J. U. Pelegrini, R. P. Ribeiro, D. A. Schupkey, and H. Waldman, “Dynamic provisioning of shared-backup path protected connections with guaranteed availability requirements,” in Proc. International Conference on Broadband Networks2005, Boston, MA, pp.1320–1327.
[Crossref]

Shen, G.

C. Wang, G. Shen, and S. K. Bose, “Distance adaptive dynamic routing and spectrum allocation in elastic optical networks with shared backup path protection,” J. Lightwave Technol. 33(14), 2955–2964 (2015).
[Crossref]

G. Shen, Y. Wei, and S. K. Bose, “Optimal design for shared backup path protected elastic optical networks under single-link failure,” IEEE/OSA, J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 6(7), 649–659 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. Li, H. Dai, G. Shen, and S. K. Bose, “Adaptive FEC-based lightpath routing and wavelength assignment in WDM optical networks,” Opt. Switching Networking 14(3), 241–249 (2014).
[Crossref]

Shimizu, K.

T. Mizuochi, Y. Miyata, T. Kobayashi, K. Ouchi, K. Kuno, K. Kubo, K. Shimizu, H. Tagami, H. Yoshida, H. Fujita, M. Akita, and K. Motoshima, “Forward error correction based on block turbo code with 3-bit soft decision for 10-Gb/s optical communication systems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10(2), 376–386 (2004).
[Crossref]

Sone, Y.

Y. Sone, A. Watanabe, W. Imajuku, Y. Tsukishima, B. Kozicki, H. Takara, and M. Jinno, “Bandwidth squeezed restoration in spectrum-sliced elastic optical path networks (SLICE),” J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 3(3), 223–233 (2011).
[Crossref]

M. Jinno, H. Takara, B. Kozicki, Y. Tsukishima, Y. Sone, and S. Matsuoka, “Spectrum-efficient and scalable elastic optical path network: architecture, benefits, and enabling technologies,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 47(11), 66–73 (2009).
[Crossref]

Tagami, H.

T. Mizuochi, Y. Miyata, T. Kobayashi, K. Ouchi, K. Kuno, K. Kubo, K. Shimizu, H. Tagami, H. Yoshida, H. Fujita, M. Akita, and K. Motoshima, “Forward error correction based on block turbo code with 3-bit soft decision for 10-Gb/s optical communication systems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10(2), 376–386 (2004).
[Crossref]

Takara, H.

Y. Sone, A. Watanabe, W. Imajuku, Y. Tsukishima, B. Kozicki, H. Takara, and M. Jinno, “Bandwidth squeezed restoration in spectrum-sliced elastic optical path networks (SLICE),” J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 3(3), 223–233 (2011).
[Crossref]

M. Jinno, H. Takara, B. Kozicki, Y. Tsukishima, Y. Sone, and S. Matsuoka, “Spectrum-efficient and scalable elastic optical path network: architecture, benefits, and enabling technologies,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 47(11), 66–73 (2009).
[Crossref]

Todd, B.

B. Todd and J. Doucette, “Fast efficient design of shared backup path protected networks using a multi-flow optimization model,” IEEE Trans. Reliab. 60(4), 788–800 (2011).
[Crossref]

Tsukishima, Y.

Y. Sone, A. Watanabe, W. Imajuku, Y. Tsukishima, B. Kozicki, H. Takara, and M. Jinno, “Bandwidth squeezed restoration in spectrum-sliced elastic optical path networks (SLICE),” J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 3(3), 223–233 (2011).
[Crossref]

M. Jinno, H. Takara, B. Kozicki, Y. Tsukishima, Y. Sone, and S. Matsuoka, “Spectrum-efficient and scalable elastic optical path network: architecture, benefits, and enabling technologies,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 47(11), 66–73 (2009).
[Crossref]

Urbanke, R.

S. Y. Chung, J. G. Forney, T. Richardson, and R. Urbanke, “On the design of low-density parity-check codes within 0.0045 dB of the Shannon limit,” IEEE Commun. Lett. 5(2), 58–60 (2001).
[Crossref]

Vasic, B.

I. B. Djordjevic and B. Vasic, “Iteratively decodable codes from orthogonal arrays for optical communication systems,” IEEE Commun. Lett. 9(10), 924–926 (2005).
[Crossref]

Waldman, H.

D. A. A. Mello, J. U. Pelegrini, R. P. Ribeiro, D. A. Schupkey, and H. Waldman, “Dynamic provisioning of shared-backup path protected connections with guaranteed availability requirements,” in Proc. International Conference on Broadband Networks2005, Boston, MA, pp.1320–1327.
[Crossref]

Wang, C.

Wang, W.

J. Yuan, W. Ye, Z. Jiang, Y. Mao, and W. Wang, “A novel super-FEC code based on concatenated code for high-speed long-haul optical communication systems,” Opt. Commun. 273(2), 421–427 (2007).
[Crossref]

Wang, Y.

Y. Wang, X. Cao, Q. Hu, and Y. Pan, “Towards elastic and fine-granular bandwidth allocation in spectrum-sliced optical networks,” IEEE/OSA, J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 4(11), 906–917 (2012).
[Crossref]

Watanabe, A.

Wei, Y.

G. Shen, Y. Wei, and S. K. Bose, “Optimal design for shared backup path protected elastic optical networks under single-link failure,” IEEE/OSA, J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 6(7), 649–659 (2014).
[Crossref]

Xiao, N.

L. Ruan and N. Xiao, “Survivable multipath routing and spectrum allocation in OFDM-based flexible optical networks,” Opt. Commun. Netw. 5(3), 172–182 (2013).
[Crossref]

Yankov, M. P.

A. Rasmussen, M. P. Yankov, M. S. Berger, K. J. Larsen, and S. Ruepp, “Improved energy efficiency for optical transport networks by elastic forward error correction,” IEEE/OSA, J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 6(4), 397–402 (2014).
[Crossref]

Ye, W.

J. Yuan, W. Ye, Z. Jiang, Y. Mao, and W. Wang, “A novel super-FEC code based on concatenated code for high-speed long-haul optical communication systems,” Opt. Commun. 273(2), 421–427 (2007).
[Crossref]

Yoo, S. J. B.

O. Gerstel, M. Jinno, A. Lord, and S. J. B. Yoo, “Elastic optical networking: A new dawn for the optical layer?” IEEE Commun. Mag. 50(2), s12–s20 (2012).
[Crossref]

Yoshida, H.

T. Mizuochi, Y. Miyata, T. Kobayashi, K. Ouchi, K. Kuno, K. Kubo, K. Shimizu, H. Tagami, H. Yoshida, H. Fujita, M. Akita, and K. Motoshima, “Forward error correction based on block turbo code with 3-bit soft decision for 10-Gb/s optical communication systems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10(2), 376–386 (2004).
[Crossref]

Yuan, J.

J. Yuan, W. Ye, Z. Jiang, Y. Mao, and W. Wang, “A novel super-FEC code based on concatenated code for high-speed long-haul optical communication systems,” Opt. Commun. 273(2), 421–427 (2007).
[Crossref]

Zhang, J.

B. Chen, J. Zhang, Y. Zhao, C. Lv, W. Zhang, S. Huang, X. Zhang, and W. Gu, “Multi-link failure restoration with dynamic load balancing in spectrum-elastic optical path networks,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 18(1), 21–28 (2012).
[Crossref]

Zhang, W.

B. Chen, J. Zhang, Y. Zhao, C. Lv, W. Zhang, S. Huang, X. Zhang, and W. Gu, “Multi-link failure restoration with dynamic load balancing in spectrum-elastic optical path networks,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 18(1), 21–28 (2012).
[Crossref]

Zhang, X.

B. Chen, J. Zhang, Y. Zhao, C. Lv, W. Zhang, S. Huang, X. Zhang, and W. Gu, “Multi-link failure restoration with dynamic load balancing in spectrum-elastic optical path networks,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 18(1), 21–28 (2012).
[Crossref]

Zhao, Y.

B. Chen, J. Zhang, Y. Zhao, C. Lv, W. Zhang, S. Huang, X. Zhang, and W. Gu, “Multi-link failure restoration with dynamic load balancing in spectrum-elastic optical path networks,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 18(1), 21–28 (2012).
[Crossref]

IEEE Commun. Lett. (2)

I. B. Djordjevic and B. Vasic, “Iteratively decodable codes from orthogonal arrays for optical communication systems,” IEEE Commun. Lett. 9(10), 924–926 (2005).
[Crossref]

S. Y. Chung, J. G. Forney, T. Richardson, and R. Urbanke, “On the design of low-density parity-check codes within 0.0045 dB of the Shannon limit,” IEEE Commun. Lett. 5(2), 58–60 (2001).
[Crossref]

IEEE Commun. Mag. (3)

F. Chang, K. Onohara, and T. Mizuochi, “Forward error correction for 100G transport networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 48(3), S48–S55 (2010).
[Crossref]

M. Jinno, H. Takara, B. Kozicki, Y. Tsukishima, Y. Sone, and S. Matsuoka, “Spectrum-efficient and scalable elastic optical path network: architecture, benefits, and enabling technologies,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 47(11), 66–73 (2009).
[Crossref]

O. Gerstel, M. Jinno, A. Lord, and S. J. B. Yoo, “Elastic optical networking: A new dawn for the optical layer?” IEEE Commun. Mag. 50(2), s12–s20 (2012).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (2)

T. Mizuochi, “Recent progress in forward error correction and its interplay with transmission impairments,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12(4), 544–554 (2006).
[Crossref]

T. Mizuochi, Y. Miyata, T. Kobayashi, K. Ouchi, K. Kuno, K. Kubo, K. Shimizu, H. Tagami, H. Yoshida, H. Fujita, M. Akita, and K. Motoshima, “Forward error correction based on block turbo code with 3-bit soft decision for 10-Gb/s optical communication systems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10(2), 376–386 (2004).
[Crossref]

IEEE Trans. Reliab. (1)

B. Todd and J. Doucette, “Fast efficient design of shared backup path protected networks using a multi-flow optimization model,” IEEE Trans. Reliab. 60(4), 788–800 (2011).
[Crossref]

IEEE/OSA, J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

W. D. Grover, “Forward error correction in dispersion-limited lightwave system,” IEEE/OSA, J. Lightwave Technol. 6(5), 643–654 (1988).
[Crossref]

G. Gho, L. Klak, and J. Kahn, “Rate-adaptive coding for optical fiber transmission systems,” IEEE/OSA, J. Lightwave Technol. 29(2), 222–233 (2011).
[Crossref]

IEEE/OSA, J. Opt. Commun. Netw. (3)

A. Rasmussen, M. P. Yankov, M. S. Berger, K. J. Larsen, and S. Ruepp, “Improved energy efficiency for optical transport networks by elastic forward error correction,” IEEE/OSA, J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 6(4), 397–402 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. Wang, X. Cao, Q. Hu, and Y. Pan, “Towards elastic and fine-granular bandwidth allocation in spectrum-sliced optical networks,” IEEE/OSA, J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 4(11), 906–917 (2012).
[Crossref]

G. Shen, Y. Wei, and S. K. Bose, “Optimal design for shared backup path protected elastic optical networks under single-link failure,” IEEE/OSA, J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 6(7), 649–659 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

J. Opt. Commun. Netw. (1)

Opt. Commun. (1)

J. Yuan, W. Ye, Z. Jiang, Y. Mao, and W. Wang, “A novel super-FEC code based on concatenated code for high-speed long-haul optical communication systems,” Opt. Commun. 273(2), 421–427 (2007).
[Crossref]

Opt. Commun. Netw. (1)

L. Ruan and N. Xiao, “Survivable multipath routing and spectrum allocation in OFDM-based flexible optical networks,” Opt. Commun. Netw. 5(3), 172–182 (2013).
[Crossref]

Opt. Fiber Technol. (1)

B. Chen, J. Zhang, Y. Zhao, C. Lv, W. Zhang, S. Huang, X. Zhang, and W. Gu, “Multi-link failure restoration with dynamic load balancing in spectrum-elastic optical path networks,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 18(1), 21–28 (2012).
[Crossref]

Opt. Switching Networking (1)

Y. Li, H. Dai, G. Shen, and S. K. Bose, “Adaptive FEC-based lightpath routing and wavelength assignment in WDM optical networks,” Opt. Switching Networking 14(3), 241–249 (2014).
[Crossref]

Other (13)

Y. Li, H. Dai, G. Shen, and S. K. Bose, “Adaptive FEC selection for lightpaths in elastic optical networks,” in Proc. OFC 2014, San Francisco, CA, paper Th1E.6.
[Crossref]

T. Mizuochi, “Next generation FEC for optical transmission systems,” in Proc. OFC 2003, Atlanta, Georgia United States, paper ThN.1.
[Crossref]

X. Shao, Y. K. Yeo, Z. Xu, X. Cheng, and L. Zhou, “Shared-path protection in OFDM-based optical networks with elastic bandwidth allocation,” in Proc. OFC 2012, Los Angeles, CA, paper OTh4B.4.
[Crossref]

C. Dorize, O. Rival, and C. Costantini, “Power scaling of LDPC decoder stage in long haul networks,” in Proc. International Conference on Photonics in Switching2012, Ajaccio, pp.1–3.

S. Kosaka, H. Hasegawa, K. I. Sato, T. Tanaka, A. Hirano, and M. Jinno, “Shared protected elastic optical path network design that applies iterative re-optimization based on resource utilization efficiency measures,” in Proc. European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication 2012, Amsterdam, paper Tu.4.D.5.
[Crossref]

Y. Wei, G. Shen, and S. You, “Span restoration for CO-OFDM-based elastic optical networks under spectrum conversion,” in Proc. ACP 2012, Guangzhou, China, paper AF3E.7.

G. Shen, Y. Wei, and Q. Yang, “Shared backup path protection (SBPP) in elastic optical transport networks,” in Proc. ACP 2012, paper PAF4C.6.
[Crossref]

D. Habibi, V. Q. Phung, and H. N. Nguyen, “Minimizing the number of constraints for shared backup path protection (SBPP) in shared risk link group (SRLG) optical mesh networks,” in Proc. International Conference on Networks2007, Adelaide, SA, pp.246–251.
[Crossref]

J. T. Haahr and M. Zachariasen, “Heuristic methods for shared backup path protection planning,” in Proc. Ultra-Modern Telecommunications and Control Systems and Workshops 2012, St. Petersburg, pp.712–718.

D. A. A. Mello, J. U. Pelegrini, R. P. Ribeiro, D. A. Schupkey, and H. Waldman, “Dynamic provisioning of shared-backup path protected connections with guaranteed availability requirements,” in Proc. International Conference on Broadband Networks2005, Boston, MA, pp.1320–1327.
[Crossref]

K. Walkowiak and M. Klinkowski, “Shared backup path protection in elastic optical networks: modeling and optimization,” in Proc. Design of Reliable Communication Networks 2013, Budapest, pp.187–194.

AMPL/Gurobi, Linear programming optimization software package [Online]. Available: http://www.gurobi.com .

W. D. Grover, Mesh-based survivable transport networks: options and strategies for optical, MPLS, SONET and ATM networking, 2003, Chap. 6.

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Example of SBPP-based adaptive FEC allocation.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Two test networks.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Effective protected transmission capacity of different approaches.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Spare capacity redundancy of different schemes.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Average FEC overhead per lightpath of different schemes.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 FEC type distributions of working and protection lightpaths.

Tables (2)

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Table 1 Information on the Three FEC Types

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Table 2 Topological Information of Two Test Networks

Equations (17)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

d D ρ d T d α j L S j
ρ d = b R d ψ d b d D
b R d ψ d b 1 d D
d D , b R d η i d ψ d b ζ j d , b ( T d + u d b ) S j i , j L , i j
w d = ρ d ( T d + K d ) d D
p b , d = ψ d b ( T d + u d b ) d D , b R d
C f d + w d d D
C e b d + p b , d d D , b R d
f t f d ( 1 x d t + 1 ε d t ) 1 d , t D , d t
f d + w d f t ( x d t + 1 ε d t ) d , t D , d t
e b t f d ( 1 y d b , t + 2 ψ t b γ d b , t ) 1 b R t , d , t D , d t
f d + w d e b t ( y d b , t + 2 ψ t b γ d b , t ) b R t , d , t D , d t
e b t + p b , t f d ( 1 y d b , t + 2 ψ t b γ d b , t ) b R t , d , t D , d t
e b t e a d ( 1 z a , d b , t + 3 ψ t b ψ d a δ a , d b , t ) 1 a R d , b R t , d , t D , d t
e a d +     p a , d e b t ( z a , d b , t + 3 ψ t b ψ d a δ a , d b , t ) a R d , b R t , d , t D , d t
  C S W = i = 1 F C i
  C i = C c o s t / ( m + 1 )

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