Abstract

The variation of scattering and absorption in DKDP crystals by laser conditioning was investigated by combining light scattering technique and on-site transmittance measurement technique. Laser-induced disappearance of scattering defects was observed, and variation of transmittance was achieved. Using Mie theory, a kind of absorbing defects, aside from scattering defect, was discovered. Moreover, the experimental results demonstrated that the absorption of crystal could be mitigated by laser conditioning.

© 2015 Optical Society of America

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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  30. L. S. Zhang, G. W. Yu, H. L. Zhou, L. Li, M. X. Xu, B. A. Liu, S. H. Ji, L. L. Zhu, F. F. Liu, and X. Sun, “Study on rapid growth of 98% deuterated potassium dihydrogen phosphate (DKDP) crystals,” J. Cryst. Growth 401, 190–194 (2014).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  32. G. Duchateau, M. D. Feit, and S. G. Demos, “Strong nonlinear growth of energy coupling during laser irradiation of transparent dielectrics and its significance for laser induced damage,” J. Appl. Phys. 111(9), 093106 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  33. G. Duchateau, M. D. Feit, and S. G. Demos, “Transient material properties during defect-assisted laser breakdown in deuterated potassium dihydrogen phosphate crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 115(10), 103506 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  34. P. DeMange, R. A. Negres, H. B. Radousky, and S. G. Demos, “Differentiation of defect populations responsible for bulk laser-induced damage in potassium dihydrogen phosphate crystals,” Opt. Eng. 45(10), 104205 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  35. P. DeMange, C. W. Carr, R. A. Negres, H. B. Radousky, and S. G. Demos, “Laser annealing characteristics of multiple bulk defect populations within DKDP crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 104(10), 103103 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  36. C. W. Carr, M. D. Feit, M. A. Johnson, and A. M. Rubenchik, “Complex morphology of laser-induced bulk damage in K2H(2−x)DxPO4 crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(13), 131901 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  37. G. Bhagavannarayana, P. Rajesh, and P. Ramasamy, “Interesting growth features in potassium dihydrogen phosphate: unravelling the origin and dynamics of point defects in single crystals,” J. Appl. Cryst. 43(6), 1372–1376 (2010).
    [Crossref]

2014 (4)

B. A. Liu, G. H. Hu, Q. H. Zhang, X. Sun, and X. G. Xu, “Effect of raw material and growth method on optical properties of DKDP crystal,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 12(10), 101604 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. Wang, Y. Zhao, M. Zhu, G. Hu, L. Yang, D. Li, X. Liu, and Q. Xiao, “Laser induced defect decrement in DKDP crystals varied with photon energy,” Proc. SPIE 9238, 923807 (2014).

L. S. Zhang, G. W. Yu, H. L. Zhou, L. Li, M. X. Xu, B. A. Liu, S. H. Ji, L. L. Zhu, F. F. Liu, and X. Sun, “Study on rapid growth of 98% deuterated potassium dihydrogen phosphate (DKDP) crystals,” J. Cryst. Growth 401, 190–194 (2014).
[Crossref]

G. Duchateau, M. D. Feit, and S. G. Demos, “Transient material properties during defect-assisted laser breakdown in deuterated potassium dihydrogen phosphate crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 115(10), 103506 (2014).
[Crossref]

2012 (3)

2011 (1)

G. Duchateau, G. Geoffroy, A. Dyan, H. Piombini, and S. Guizard, “Electron-hole dynamics in normal and deuterated KH2PO4 illuminated by intense femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. B 83(7), 075114 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (2)

G. Bhagavannarayana, P. Rajesh, and P. Ramasamy, “Interesting growth features in potassium dihydrogen phosphate: unravelling the origin and dynamics of point defects in single crystals,” J. Appl. Cryst. 43(6), 1372–1376 (2010).
[Crossref]

S. G. Demos, P. DeMange, R. A. Negres, and M. D. Feit, “Investigation of the electronic and physical properties of defect structures responsible for laser-induced damage in DKDP crystals,” Opt. Express 18(13), 13788–13804 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2009 (1)

2008 (1)

P. DeMange, C. W. Carr, R. A. Negres, H. B. Radousky, and S. G. Demos, “Laser annealing characteristics of multiple bulk defect populations within DKDP crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 104(10), 103103 (2008).
[Crossref]

2006 (4)

C. W. Carr, M. D. Feit, M. A. Johnson, and A. M. Rubenchik, “Complex morphology of laser-induced bulk damage in K2H(2−x)DxPO4 crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(13), 131901 (2006).
[Crossref]

P. DeMange, R. A. Negres, H. B. Radousky, and S. G. Demos, “Differentiation of defect populations responsible for bulk laser-induced damage in potassium dihydrogen phosphate crystals,” Opt. Eng. 45(10), 104205 (2006).
[Crossref]

P. DeMange, R. A. Negres, C. W. Carr, H. B. Radousky, and S. G. Demos, “Laser-induced defect reactions governing damage initiation in DKDP crystals,” Opt. Express 14(12), 5313–5328 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Bertussi, D. Damiani, M. Pommies, A. Dyan, H. Piombini, X. Leborgne, A. During, L. Lamaignere, G. Gaborit, M. Loiseau, S. Mardelle, and T. Donval, “Laser conditioning of KDP crystals using excimer and Nd:YAG lasers,” Proc. SPIE 6403, 64031N (2006).

2005 (1)

J. B. Trenholme, M. D. Feit, and A. M. Rubenchik, “Size-selection initiation model extended to include shape and random factors,” Proc. SPIE 5991, 59910X (2005).

2004 (1)

M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, and A. H. Guenther, “Implications of nanoabsorber initiators for damage probability curves, pulselength scaling, and laser conditioning,” Proc. SPIE 5273, 74–82 (2004).

2003 (4)

A. K. Burnham, M. Runkel, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, R. L. Floyd, T. A. Land, W. J. Siekhaus, and R. A. Hawley-Fedder, “Laser-induced damage in deuterated potassium dihydrogen phosphate,” Appl. Opt. 42(27), 5483–5495 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. S. Liu, N. Kioussis, S. G. Demos, and H. B. Radousky, “Electron- or hole-assisted reactions of H defects in hydrogen-bonded KDP,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91(1), 015505 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. S. Liu, Q. Zhang, N. Kioussis, S. G. Demos, and H. B. Radousky, “Electronic structure calculations of intrinsic and extrinsic hydrogen point defects in KH2PO4,” Phys. Rev. B 68(22), 224107 (2003).
[Crossref]

M. M. Chirila, N. Y. Garces, L. E. Halliburton, S. G. Demos, T. A. Land, and H. B. Radousky, “Production and thermal decay of radiation-induced point defects in KD2PO4 crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 94(10), 6456–6462 (2003).
[Crossref]

2002 (1)

J. J. De Yoreo, A. K. Burnham, and P. K. Whitman, “Developing KH2PO4 and KD2PO4 crystals for the world's most power laser,” Int. Mater. Rev. 47(3), 113–152 (2002).
[Crossref]

2001 (1)

X. Sun, X. G. Xu, D. L. Sun, Z. P. Wang, S. L. Wang, Y. J. Fu, H. Zeng, Y. P. Li, X. L. Yu, and Z. S. Gao, “Study on the liquid inclusion induced light scatter in KDP crystal,” J. Cryst. Growth 226(4), 529–533 (2001).
[Crossref]

1999 (1)

S. G. Demos, M. Staggs, H. B. Radousky, and J. J. De Yoreo, “Investigation of steady-state and transient defect populations in KH2PO4 subsequent to high fluence laser irradiation,” Proc. SPIE 3610, 2–8 (1999).

1998 (1)

S. D. Setzler, K. T. Stevens, L. E. Halliburton, M. Yan, N. P. Zaitseva, and J. J. DeYoreo, “Hydrogen atoms in KH2PO4 crystals,” Phys. Rev. B 57(5), 2643–2646 (1998).
[Crossref]

1997 (2)

B. Woods, M. Runkel, M. Yan, M. Staggs, N. Zaitseva, M. Kozlowski, and J. DeYoreo, “Investigation of damage in KDP using light scattering techniques,” Proc. SPIE 2966, 20–31 (1997).

N. P. Zaitseva, J. J. De Yoreo, M. R. Dehaven, R. L. Vital, L. M. Carman, and H. R. Spears, “Rapid growth of large-scale (40-55 cm) KDP crystals,” Proc. SPIE 3047, 404–414 (1997).

1996 (2)

I. Smolski, J. J. DeYoreo, N. P. Zaitseva, J. D. Lee, T. A. Land, and E. B. Rudneva, “Oriented liquid inclusions in KDP crystals,” J. Cryst. Growth 169(4), 741–746 (1996).
[Crossref]

M. Runkel, B. Woods, M. Yan, J. DeYoreo, and M. Kozlowski, “Analysis of high resolution scatter images from laser damage experiments performed on KDP,” Proc. SPIE 2714, 185–195 (1996).

1990 (1)

K. E. Montgomery and F. P. Milanovich, “High-laser-damage-threshold potassium dihydrogen phosphate crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 68(8), 3979–3982 (1990).
[Crossref]

1986 (1)

A. Yokotani, T. Sasaki, K. Yoshida, T. Yamanaka, and C. Yamanaka, “Improvement of the bulk laser damage threshold of potassium dihydrogen phosphate crystals by ultraviolet-irradiation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 48(16), 1030–1032 (1986).
[Crossref]

1981 (1)

H. Endert and W. Melle, “Influence of dislocations in KDP crystals on laser damage threshold,” Cryst. Res. Technol. 16(7), 815–819 (1981).

Adams, J. J.

Bertussi, B.

B. Bertussi, D. Damiani, M. Pommies, A. Dyan, H. Piombini, X. Leborgne, A. During, L. Lamaignere, G. Gaborit, M. Loiseau, S. Mardelle, and T. Donval, “Laser conditioning of KDP crystals using excimer and Nd:YAG lasers,” Proc. SPIE 6403, 64031N (2006).

Bhagavannarayana, G.

G. Bhagavannarayana, P. Rajesh, and P. Ramasamy, “Interesting growth features in potassium dihydrogen phosphate: unravelling the origin and dynamics of point defects in single crystals,” J. Appl. Cryst. 43(6), 1372–1376 (2010).
[Crossref]

Burnham, A. K.

Carman, L. M.

N. P. Zaitseva, J. J. De Yoreo, M. R. Dehaven, R. L. Vital, L. M. Carman, and H. R. Spears, “Rapid growth of large-scale (40-55 cm) KDP crystals,” Proc. SPIE 3047, 404–414 (1997).

Carr, C. W.

Z. M. Liao, R. Roussell, J. J. Adams, M. Runkel, W. T. Frenk, J. Luken, and C. W. Carr, “Defect population variability in deuterated potassium di-hydrogen phosphate crystals,” Opt. Mater. Express 2(11), 1612–1623 (2012).
[Crossref]

P. DeMange, C. W. Carr, R. A. Negres, H. B. Radousky, and S. G. Demos, “Laser annealing characteristics of multiple bulk defect populations within DKDP crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 104(10), 103103 (2008).
[Crossref]

C. W. Carr, M. D. Feit, M. A. Johnson, and A. M. Rubenchik, “Complex morphology of laser-induced bulk damage in K2H(2−x)DxPO4 crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(13), 131901 (2006).
[Crossref]

P. DeMange, R. A. Negres, C. W. Carr, H. B. Radousky, and S. G. Demos, “Laser-induced defect reactions governing damage initiation in DKDP crystals,” Opt. Express 14(12), 5313–5328 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chirila, M. M.

M. M. Chirila, N. Y. Garces, L. E. Halliburton, S. G. Demos, T. A. Land, and H. B. Radousky, “Production and thermal decay of radiation-induced point defects in KD2PO4 crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 94(10), 6456–6462 (2003).
[Crossref]

Damiani, D.

B. Bertussi, D. Damiani, M. Pommies, A. Dyan, H. Piombini, X. Leborgne, A. During, L. Lamaignere, G. Gaborit, M. Loiseau, S. Mardelle, and T. Donval, “Laser conditioning of KDP crystals using excimer and Nd:YAG lasers,” Proc. SPIE 6403, 64031N (2006).

De Yoreo, J. J.

J. J. De Yoreo, A. K. Burnham, and P. K. Whitman, “Developing KH2PO4 and KD2PO4 crystals for the world's most power laser,” Int. Mater. Rev. 47(3), 113–152 (2002).
[Crossref]

S. G. Demos, M. Staggs, H. B. Radousky, and J. J. De Yoreo, “Investigation of steady-state and transient defect populations in KH2PO4 subsequent to high fluence laser irradiation,” Proc. SPIE 3610, 2–8 (1999).

N. P. Zaitseva, J. J. De Yoreo, M. R. Dehaven, R. L. Vital, L. M. Carman, and H. R. Spears, “Rapid growth of large-scale (40-55 cm) KDP crystals,” Proc. SPIE 3047, 404–414 (1997).

Dehaven, M. R.

N. P. Zaitseva, J. J. De Yoreo, M. R. Dehaven, R. L. Vital, L. M. Carman, and H. R. Spears, “Rapid growth of large-scale (40-55 cm) KDP crystals,” Proc. SPIE 3047, 404–414 (1997).

DeMange, P.

S. G. Demos, P. DeMange, R. A. Negres, and M. D. Feit, “Investigation of the electronic and physical properties of defect structures responsible for laser-induced damage in DKDP crystals,” Opt. Express 18(13), 13788–13804 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. DeMange, C. W. Carr, R. A. Negres, H. B. Radousky, and S. G. Demos, “Laser annealing characteristics of multiple bulk defect populations within DKDP crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 104(10), 103103 (2008).
[Crossref]

P. DeMange, R. A. Negres, H. B. Radousky, and S. G. Demos, “Differentiation of defect populations responsible for bulk laser-induced damage in potassium dihydrogen phosphate crystals,” Opt. Eng. 45(10), 104205 (2006).
[Crossref]

P. DeMange, R. A. Negres, C. W. Carr, H. B. Radousky, and S. G. Demos, “Laser-induced defect reactions governing damage initiation in DKDP crystals,” Opt. Express 14(12), 5313–5328 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Demos, S. G.

G. Duchateau, M. D. Feit, and S. G. Demos, “Transient material properties during defect-assisted laser breakdown in deuterated potassium dihydrogen phosphate crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 115(10), 103506 (2014).
[Crossref]

G. Duchateau, M. D. Feit, and S. G. Demos, “Strong nonlinear growth of energy coupling during laser irradiation of transparent dielectrics and its significance for laser induced damage,” J. Appl. Phys. 111(9), 093106 (2012).
[Crossref]

S. G. Demos, P. DeMange, R. A. Negres, and M. D. Feit, “Investigation of the electronic and physical properties of defect structures responsible for laser-induced damage in DKDP crystals,” Opt. Express 18(13), 13788–13804 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. DeMange, C. W. Carr, R. A. Negres, H. B. Radousky, and S. G. Demos, “Laser annealing characteristics of multiple bulk defect populations within DKDP crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 104(10), 103103 (2008).
[Crossref]

P. DeMange, R. A. Negres, H. B. Radousky, and S. G. Demos, “Differentiation of defect populations responsible for bulk laser-induced damage in potassium dihydrogen phosphate crystals,” Opt. Eng. 45(10), 104205 (2006).
[Crossref]

P. DeMange, R. A. Negres, C. W. Carr, H. B. Radousky, and S. G. Demos, “Laser-induced defect reactions governing damage initiation in DKDP crystals,” Opt. Express 14(12), 5313–5328 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. M. Chirila, N. Y. Garces, L. E. Halliburton, S. G. Demos, T. A. Land, and H. B. Radousky, “Production and thermal decay of radiation-induced point defects in KD2PO4 crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 94(10), 6456–6462 (2003).
[Crossref]

C. S. Liu, N. Kioussis, S. G. Demos, and H. B. Radousky, “Electron- or hole-assisted reactions of H defects in hydrogen-bonded KDP,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91(1), 015505 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. S. Liu, Q. Zhang, N. Kioussis, S. G. Demos, and H. B. Radousky, “Electronic structure calculations of intrinsic and extrinsic hydrogen point defects in KH2PO4,” Phys. Rev. B 68(22), 224107 (2003).
[Crossref]

S. G. Demos, M. Staggs, H. B. Radousky, and J. J. De Yoreo, “Investigation of steady-state and transient defect populations in KH2PO4 subsequent to high fluence laser irradiation,” Proc. SPIE 3610, 2–8 (1999).

DeYoreo, J.

B. Woods, M. Runkel, M. Yan, M. Staggs, N. Zaitseva, M. Kozlowski, and J. DeYoreo, “Investigation of damage in KDP using light scattering techniques,” Proc. SPIE 2966, 20–31 (1997).

M. Runkel, B. Woods, M. Yan, J. DeYoreo, and M. Kozlowski, “Analysis of high resolution scatter images from laser damage experiments performed on KDP,” Proc. SPIE 2714, 185–195 (1996).

DeYoreo, J. J.

S. D. Setzler, K. T. Stevens, L. E. Halliburton, M. Yan, N. P. Zaitseva, and J. J. DeYoreo, “Hydrogen atoms in KH2PO4 crystals,” Phys. Rev. B 57(5), 2643–2646 (1998).
[Crossref]

I. Smolski, J. J. DeYoreo, N. P. Zaitseva, J. D. Lee, T. A. Land, and E. B. Rudneva, “Oriented liquid inclusions in KDP crystals,” J. Cryst. Growth 169(4), 741–746 (1996).
[Crossref]

Donval, T.

B. Bertussi, D. Damiani, M. Pommies, A. Dyan, H. Piombini, X. Leborgne, A. During, L. Lamaignere, G. Gaborit, M. Loiseau, S. Mardelle, and T. Donval, “Laser conditioning of KDP crystals using excimer and Nd:YAG lasers,” Proc. SPIE 6403, 64031N (2006).

Duchateau, G.

G. Duchateau, M. D. Feit, and S. G. Demos, “Transient material properties during defect-assisted laser breakdown in deuterated potassium dihydrogen phosphate crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 115(10), 103506 (2014).
[Crossref]

G. Duchateau, M. D. Feit, and S. G. Demos, “Strong nonlinear growth of energy coupling during laser irradiation of transparent dielectrics and its significance for laser induced damage,” J. Appl. Phys. 111(9), 093106 (2012).
[Crossref]

G. Duchateau, G. Geoffroy, A. Dyan, H. Piombini, and S. Guizard, “Electron-hole dynamics in normal and deuterated KH2PO4 illuminated by intense femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. B 83(7), 075114 (2011).
[Crossref]

G. Duchateau, “Simple models for laser-induced damage and conditioning of potassium dihydrogen phosphate crystals by nanosecond pulses,” Opt. Express 17(13), 10434–10456 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

During, A.

B. Bertussi, D. Damiani, M. Pommies, A. Dyan, H. Piombini, X. Leborgne, A. During, L. Lamaignere, G. Gaborit, M. Loiseau, S. Mardelle, and T. Donval, “Laser conditioning of KDP crystals using excimer and Nd:YAG lasers,” Proc. SPIE 6403, 64031N (2006).

Dyan, A.

G. Duchateau, G. Geoffroy, A. Dyan, H. Piombini, and S. Guizard, “Electron-hole dynamics in normal and deuterated KH2PO4 illuminated by intense femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. B 83(7), 075114 (2011).
[Crossref]

B. Bertussi, D. Damiani, M. Pommies, A. Dyan, H. Piombini, X. Leborgne, A. During, L. Lamaignere, G. Gaborit, M. Loiseau, S. Mardelle, and T. Donval, “Laser conditioning of KDP crystals using excimer and Nd:YAG lasers,” Proc. SPIE 6403, 64031N (2006).

Endert, H.

H. Endert and W. Melle, “Influence of dislocations in KDP crystals on laser damage threshold,” Cryst. Res. Technol. 16(7), 815–819 (1981).

Feit, M. D.

G. Duchateau, M. D. Feit, and S. G. Demos, “Transient material properties during defect-assisted laser breakdown in deuterated potassium dihydrogen phosphate crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 115(10), 103506 (2014).
[Crossref]

G. Duchateau, M. D. Feit, and S. G. Demos, “Strong nonlinear growth of energy coupling during laser irradiation of transparent dielectrics and its significance for laser induced damage,” J. Appl. Phys. 111(9), 093106 (2012).
[Crossref]

S. G. Demos, P. DeMange, R. A. Negres, and M. D. Feit, “Investigation of the electronic and physical properties of defect structures responsible for laser-induced damage in DKDP crystals,” Opt. Express 18(13), 13788–13804 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. W. Carr, M. D. Feit, M. A. Johnson, and A. M. Rubenchik, “Complex morphology of laser-induced bulk damage in K2H(2−x)DxPO4 crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(13), 131901 (2006).
[Crossref]

J. B. Trenholme, M. D. Feit, and A. M. Rubenchik, “Size-selection initiation model extended to include shape and random factors,” Proc. SPIE 5991, 59910X (2005).

M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, and A. H. Guenther, “Implications of nanoabsorber initiators for damage probability curves, pulselength scaling, and laser conditioning,” Proc. SPIE 5273, 74–82 (2004).

A. K. Burnham, M. Runkel, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, R. L. Floyd, T. A. Land, W. J. Siekhaus, and R. A. Hawley-Fedder, “Laser-induced damage in deuterated potassium dihydrogen phosphate,” Appl. Opt. 42(27), 5483–5495 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Floyd, R. L.

Frenk, W. T.

Fu, Y. J.

X. Sun, X. G. Xu, D. L. Sun, Z. P. Wang, S. L. Wang, Y. J. Fu, H. Zeng, Y. P. Li, X. L. Yu, and Z. S. Gao, “Study on the liquid inclusion induced light scatter in KDP crystal,” J. Cryst. Growth 226(4), 529–533 (2001).
[Crossref]

Gaborit, G.

B. Bertussi, D. Damiani, M. Pommies, A. Dyan, H. Piombini, X. Leborgne, A. During, L. Lamaignere, G. Gaborit, M. Loiseau, S. Mardelle, and T. Donval, “Laser conditioning of KDP crystals using excimer and Nd:YAG lasers,” Proc. SPIE 6403, 64031N (2006).

Gao, Z. S.

X. Sun, X. G. Xu, D. L. Sun, Z. P. Wang, S. L. Wang, Y. J. Fu, H. Zeng, Y. P. Li, X. L. Yu, and Z. S. Gao, “Study on the liquid inclusion induced light scatter in KDP crystal,” J. Cryst. Growth 226(4), 529–533 (2001).
[Crossref]

Garces, N. Y.

M. M. Chirila, N. Y. Garces, L. E. Halliburton, S. G. Demos, T. A. Land, and H. B. Radousky, “Production and thermal decay of radiation-induced point defects in KD2PO4 crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 94(10), 6456–6462 (2003).
[Crossref]

Geoffroy, G.

G. Duchateau, G. Geoffroy, A. Dyan, H. Piombini, and S. Guizard, “Electron-hole dynamics in normal and deuterated KH2PO4 illuminated by intense femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. B 83(7), 075114 (2011).
[Crossref]

Guenther, A. H.

M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, and A. H. Guenther, “Implications of nanoabsorber initiators for damage probability curves, pulselength scaling, and laser conditioning,” Proc. SPIE 5273, 74–82 (2004).

Guizard, S.

G. Duchateau, G. Geoffroy, A. Dyan, H. Piombini, and S. Guizard, “Electron-hole dynamics in normal and deuterated KH2PO4 illuminated by intense femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. B 83(7), 075114 (2011).
[Crossref]

Halliburton, L. E.

M. M. Chirila, N. Y. Garces, L. E. Halliburton, S. G. Demos, T. A. Land, and H. B. Radousky, “Production and thermal decay of radiation-induced point defects in KD2PO4 crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 94(10), 6456–6462 (2003).
[Crossref]

S. D. Setzler, K. T. Stevens, L. E. Halliburton, M. Yan, N. P. Zaitseva, and J. J. DeYoreo, “Hydrogen atoms in KH2PO4 crystals,” Phys. Rev. B 57(5), 2643–2646 (1998).
[Crossref]

Hawley-Fedder, R. A.

Hu, G.

Y. Wang, Y. Zhao, M. Zhu, G. Hu, L. Yang, D. Li, X. Liu, and Q. Xiao, “Laser induced defect decrement in DKDP crystals varied with photon energy,” Proc. SPIE 9238, 923807 (2014).

G. Hu, Y. Zhao, D. Li, and Q. Xiao, “Transmittance increase after laser conditioning reveals absorption properties variation in DKDP crystals,” Opt. Express 20(22), 25169–25180 (2012).
[PubMed]

Hu, G. H.

Ji, S. H.

L. S. Zhang, G. W. Yu, H. L. Zhou, L. Li, M. X. Xu, B. A. Liu, S. H. Ji, L. L. Zhu, F. F. Liu, and X. Sun, “Study on rapid growth of 98% deuterated potassium dihydrogen phosphate (DKDP) crystals,” J. Cryst. Growth 401, 190–194 (2014).
[Crossref]

Johnson, M. A.

C. W. Carr, M. D. Feit, M. A. Johnson, and A. M. Rubenchik, “Complex morphology of laser-induced bulk damage in K2H(2−x)DxPO4 crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(13), 131901 (2006).
[Crossref]

Kioussis, N.

C. S. Liu, Q. Zhang, N. Kioussis, S. G. Demos, and H. B. Radousky, “Electronic structure calculations of intrinsic and extrinsic hydrogen point defects in KH2PO4,” Phys. Rev. B 68(22), 224107 (2003).
[Crossref]

C. S. Liu, N. Kioussis, S. G. Demos, and H. B. Radousky, “Electron- or hole-assisted reactions of H defects in hydrogen-bonded KDP,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91(1), 015505 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kozlowski, M.

B. Woods, M. Runkel, M. Yan, M. Staggs, N. Zaitseva, M. Kozlowski, and J. DeYoreo, “Investigation of damage in KDP using light scattering techniques,” Proc. SPIE 2966, 20–31 (1997).

M. Runkel, B. Woods, M. Yan, J. DeYoreo, and M. Kozlowski, “Analysis of high resolution scatter images from laser damage experiments performed on KDP,” Proc. SPIE 2714, 185–195 (1996).

Lamaignere, L.

B. Bertussi, D. Damiani, M. Pommies, A. Dyan, H. Piombini, X. Leborgne, A. During, L. Lamaignere, G. Gaborit, M. Loiseau, S. Mardelle, and T. Donval, “Laser conditioning of KDP crystals using excimer and Nd:YAG lasers,” Proc. SPIE 6403, 64031N (2006).

Land, T. A.

A. K. Burnham, M. Runkel, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, R. L. Floyd, T. A. Land, W. J. Siekhaus, and R. A. Hawley-Fedder, “Laser-induced damage in deuterated potassium dihydrogen phosphate,” Appl. Opt. 42(27), 5483–5495 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. M. Chirila, N. Y. Garces, L. E. Halliburton, S. G. Demos, T. A. Land, and H. B. Radousky, “Production and thermal decay of radiation-induced point defects in KD2PO4 crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 94(10), 6456–6462 (2003).
[Crossref]

I. Smolski, J. J. DeYoreo, N. P. Zaitseva, J. D. Lee, T. A. Land, and E. B. Rudneva, “Oriented liquid inclusions in KDP crystals,” J. Cryst. Growth 169(4), 741–746 (1996).
[Crossref]

Leborgne, X.

B. Bertussi, D. Damiani, M. Pommies, A. Dyan, H. Piombini, X. Leborgne, A. During, L. Lamaignere, G. Gaborit, M. Loiseau, S. Mardelle, and T. Donval, “Laser conditioning of KDP crystals using excimer and Nd:YAG lasers,” Proc. SPIE 6403, 64031N (2006).

Lee, J. D.

I. Smolski, J. J. DeYoreo, N. P. Zaitseva, J. D. Lee, T. A. Land, and E. B. Rudneva, “Oriented liquid inclusions in KDP crystals,” J. Cryst. Growth 169(4), 741–746 (1996).
[Crossref]

Li, D.

Y. Wang, Y. Zhao, M. Zhu, G. Hu, L. Yang, D. Li, X. Liu, and Q. Xiao, “Laser induced defect decrement in DKDP crystals varied with photon energy,” Proc. SPIE 9238, 923807 (2014).

G. Hu, Y. Zhao, D. Li, and Q. Xiao, “Transmittance increase after laser conditioning reveals absorption properties variation in DKDP crystals,” Opt. Express 20(22), 25169–25180 (2012).
[PubMed]

Li, L.

L. S. Zhang, G. W. Yu, H. L. Zhou, L. Li, M. X. Xu, B. A. Liu, S. H. Ji, L. L. Zhu, F. F. Liu, and X. Sun, “Study on rapid growth of 98% deuterated potassium dihydrogen phosphate (DKDP) crystals,” J. Cryst. Growth 401, 190–194 (2014).
[Crossref]

Li, Y. P.

X. Sun, X. G. Xu, D. L. Sun, Z. P. Wang, S. L. Wang, Y. J. Fu, H. Zeng, Y. P. Li, X. L. Yu, and Z. S. Gao, “Study on the liquid inclusion induced light scatter in KDP crystal,” J. Cryst. Growth 226(4), 529–533 (2001).
[Crossref]

Liao, Z. M.

Liu, B. A.

B. A. Liu, G. H. Hu, Q. H. Zhang, X. Sun, and X. G. Xu, “Effect of raw material and growth method on optical properties of DKDP crystal,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 12(10), 101604 (2014).
[Crossref]

L. S. Zhang, G. W. Yu, H. L. Zhou, L. Li, M. X. Xu, B. A. Liu, S. H. Ji, L. L. Zhu, F. F. Liu, and X. Sun, “Study on rapid growth of 98% deuterated potassium dihydrogen phosphate (DKDP) crystals,” J. Cryst. Growth 401, 190–194 (2014).
[Crossref]

Liu, C. S.

C. S. Liu, N. Kioussis, S. G. Demos, and H. B. Radousky, “Electron- or hole-assisted reactions of H defects in hydrogen-bonded KDP,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91(1), 015505 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. S. Liu, Q. Zhang, N. Kioussis, S. G. Demos, and H. B. Radousky, “Electronic structure calculations of intrinsic and extrinsic hydrogen point defects in KH2PO4,” Phys. Rev. B 68(22), 224107 (2003).
[Crossref]

Liu, F. F.

L. S. Zhang, G. W. Yu, H. L. Zhou, L. Li, M. X. Xu, B. A. Liu, S. H. Ji, L. L. Zhu, F. F. Liu, and X. Sun, “Study on rapid growth of 98% deuterated potassium dihydrogen phosphate (DKDP) crystals,” J. Cryst. Growth 401, 190–194 (2014).
[Crossref]

Liu, X.

Y. Wang, Y. Zhao, M. Zhu, G. Hu, L. Yang, D. Li, X. Liu, and Q. Xiao, “Laser induced defect decrement in DKDP crystals varied with photon energy,” Proc. SPIE 9238, 923807 (2014).

Loiseau, M.

B. Bertussi, D. Damiani, M. Pommies, A. Dyan, H. Piombini, X. Leborgne, A. During, L. Lamaignere, G. Gaborit, M. Loiseau, S. Mardelle, and T. Donval, “Laser conditioning of KDP crystals using excimer and Nd:YAG lasers,” Proc. SPIE 6403, 64031N (2006).

Luken, J.

Mardelle, S.

B. Bertussi, D. Damiani, M. Pommies, A. Dyan, H. Piombini, X. Leborgne, A. During, L. Lamaignere, G. Gaborit, M. Loiseau, S. Mardelle, and T. Donval, “Laser conditioning of KDP crystals using excimer and Nd:YAG lasers,” Proc. SPIE 6403, 64031N (2006).

Melle, W.

H. Endert and W. Melle, “Influence of dislocations in KDP crystals on laser damage threshold,” Cryst. Res. Technol. 16(7), 815–819 (1981).

Milanovich, F. P.

K. E. Montgomery and F. P. Milanovich, “High-laser-damage-threshold potassium dihydrogen phosphate crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 68(8), 3979–3982 (1990).
[Crossref]

Montgomery, K. E.

K. E. Montgomery and F. P. Milanovich, “High-laser-damage-threshold potassium dihydrogen phosphate crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 68(8), 3979–3982 (1990).
[Crossref]

Negres, R. A.

S. G. Demos, P. DeMange, R. A. Negres, and M. D. Feit, “Investigation of the electronic and physical properties of defect structures responsible for laser-induced damage in DKDP crystals,” Opt. Express 18(13), 13788–13804 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. DeMange, C. W. Carr, R. A. Negres, H. B. Radousky, and S. G. Demos, “Laser annealing characteristics of multiple bulk defect populations within DKDP crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 104(10), 103103 (2008).
[Crossref]

P. DeMange, R. A. Negres, H. B. Radousky, and S. G. Demos, “Differentiation of defect populations responsible for bulk laser-induced damage in potassium dihydrogen phosphate crystals,” Opt. Eng. 45(10), 104205 (2006).
[Crossref]

P. DeMange, R. A. Negres, C. W. Carr, H. B. Radousky, and S. G. Demos, “Laser-induced defect reactions governing damage initiation in DKDP crystals,” Opt. Express 14(12), 5313–5328 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Piombini, H.

G. Duchateau, G. Geoffroy, A. Dyan, H. Piombini, and S. Guizard, “Electron-hole dynamics in normal and deuterated KH2PO4 illuminated by intense femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. B 83(7), 075114 (2011).
[Crossref]

B. Bertussi, D. Damiani, M. Pommies, A. Dyan, H. Piombini, X. Leborgne, A. During, L. Lamaignere, G. Gaborit, M. Loiseau, S. Mardelle, and T. Donval, “Laser conditioning of KDP crystals using excimer and Nd:YAG lasers,” Proc. SPIE 6403, 64031N (2006).

Pommies, M.

B. Bertussi, D. Damiani, M. Pommies, A. Dyan, H. Piombini, X. Leborgne, A. During, L. Lamaignere, G. Gaborit, M. Loiseau, S. Mardelle, and T. Donval, “Laser conditioning of KDP crystals using excimer and Nd:YAG lasers,” Proc. SPIE 6403, 64031N (2006).

Radousky, H. B.

P. DeMange, C. W. Carr, R. A. Negres, H. B. Radousky, and S. G. Demos, “Laser annealing characteristics of multiple bulk defect populations within DKDP crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 104(10), 103103 (2008).
[Crossref]

P. DeMange, R. A. Negres, H. B. Radousky, and S. G. Demos, “Differentiation of defect populations responsible for bulk laser-induced damage in potassium dihydrogen phosphate crystals,” Opt. Eng. 45(10), 104205 (2006).
[Crossref]

P. DeMange, R. A. Negres, C. W. Carr, H. B. Radousky, and S. G. Demos, “Laser-induced defect reactions governing damage initiation in DKDP crystals,” Opt. Express 14(12), 5313–5328 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. M. Chirila, N. Y. Garces, L. E. Halliburton, S. G. Demos, T. A. Land, and H. B. Radousky, “Production and thermal decay of radiation-induced point defects in KD2PO4 crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 94(10), 6456–6462 (2003).
[Crossref]

C. S. Liu, N. Kioussis, S. G. Demos, and H. B. Radousky, “Electron- or hole-assisted reactions of H defects in hydrogen-bonded KDP,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91(1), 015505 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. S. Liu, Q. Zhang, N. Kioussis, S. G. Demos, and H. B. Radousky, “Electronic structure calculations of intrinsic and extrinsic hydrogen point defects in KH2PO4,” Phys. Rev. B 68(22), 224107 (2003).
[Crossref]

S. G. Demos, M. Staggs, H. B. Radousky, and J. J. De Yoreo, “Investigation of steady-state and transient defect populations in KH2PO4 subsequent to high fluence laser irradiation,” Proc. SPIE 3610, 2–8 (1999).

Rajesh, P.

G. Bhagavannarayana, P. Rajesh, and P. Ramasamy, “Interesting growth features in potassium dihydrogen phosphate: unravelling the origin and dynamics of point defects in single crystals,” J. Appl. Cryst. 43(6), 1372–1376 (2010).
[Crossref]

Ramasamy, P.

G. Bhagavannarayana, P. Rajesh, and P. Ramasamy, “Interesting growth features in potassium dihydrogen phosphate: unravelling the origin and dynamics of point defects in single crystals,” J. Appl. Cryst. 43(6), 1372–1376 (2010).
[Crossref]

Roussell, R.

Rubenchik, A. M.

C. W. Carr, M. D. Feit, M. A. Johnson, and A. M. Rubenchik, “Complex morphology of laser-induced bulk damage in K2H(2−x)DxPO4 crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(13), 131901 (2006).
[Crossref]

J. B. Trenholme, M. D. Feit, and A. M. Rubenchik, “Size-selection initiation model extended to include shape and random factors,” Proc. SPIE 5991, 59910X (2005).

M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, and A. H. Guenther, “Implications of nanoabsorber initiators for damage probability curves, pulselength scaling, and laser conditioning,” Proc. SPIE 5273, 74–82 (2004).

A. K. Burnham, M. Runkel, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, R. L. Floyd, T. A. Land, W. J. Siekhaus, and R. A. Hawley-Fedder, “Laser-induced damage in deuterated potassium dihydrogen phosphate,” Appl. Opt. 42(27), 5483–5495 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rudneva, E. B.

I. Smolski, J. J. DeYoreo, N. P. Zaitseva, J. D. Lee, T. A. Land, and E. B. Rudneva, “Oriented liquid inclusions in KDP crystals,” J. Cryst. Growth 169(4), 741–746 (1996).
[Crossref]

Runkel, M.

Z. M. Liao, R. Roussell, J. J. Adams, M. Runkel, W. T. Frenk, J. Luken, and C. W. Carr, “Defect population variability in deuterated potassium di-hydrogen phosphate crystals,” Opt. Mater. Express 2(11), 1612–1623 (2012).
[Crossref]

A. K. Burnham, M. Runkel, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, R. L. Floyd, T. A. Land, W. J. Siekhaus, and R. A. Hawley-Fedder, “Laser-induced damage in deuterated potassium dihydrogen phosphate,” Appl. Opt. 42(27), 5483–5495 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Woods, M. Runkel, M. Yan, M. Staggs, N. Zaitseva, M. Kozlowski, and J. DeYoreo, “Investigation of damage in KDP using light scattering techniques,” Proc. SPIE 2966, 20–31 (1997).

M. Runkel, B. Woods, M. Yan, J. DeYoreo, and M. Kozlowski, “Analysis of high resolution scatter images from laser damage experiments performed on KDP,” Proc. SPIE 2714, 185–195 (1996).

Sasaki, T.

A. Yokotani, T. Sasaki, K. Yoshida, T. Yamanaka, and C. Yamanaka, “Improvement of the bulk laser damage threshold of potassium dihydrogen phosphate crystals by ultraviolet-irradiation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 48(16), 1030–1032 (1986).
[Crossref]

Setzler, S. D.

S. D. Setzler, K. T. Stevens, L. E. Halliburton, M. Yan, N. P. Zaitseva, and J. J. DeYoreo, “Hydrogen atoms in KH2PO4 crystals,” Phys. Rev. B 57(5), 2643–2646 (1998).
[Crossref]

Siekhaus, W. J.

Smolski, I.

I. Smolski, J. J. DeYoreo, N. P. Zaitseva, J. D. Lee, T. A. Land, and E. B. Rudneva, “Oriented liquid inclusions in KDP crystals,” J. Cryst. Growth 169(4), 741–746 (1996).
[Crossref]

Spears, H. R.

N. P. Zaitseva, J. J. De Yoreo, M. R. Dehaven, R. L. Vital, L. M. Carman, and H. R. Spears, “Rapid growth of large-scale (40-55 cm) KDP crystals,” Proc. SPIE 3047, 404–414 (1997).

Staggs, M.

S. G. Demos, M. Staggs, H. B. Radousky, and J. J. De Yoreo, “Investigation of steady-state and transient defect populations in KH2PO4 subsequent to high fluence laser irradiation,” Proc. SPIE 3610, 2–8 (1999).

B. Woods, M. Runkel, M. Yan, M. Staggs, N. Zaitseva, M. Kozlowski, and J. DeYoreo, “Investigation of damage in KDP using light scattering techniques,” Proc. SPIE 2966, 20–31 (1997).

Stevens, K. T.

S. D. Setzler, K. T. Stevens, L. E. Halliburton, M. Yan, N. P. Zaitseva, and J. J. DeYoreo, “Hydrogen atoms in KH2PO4 crystals,” Phys. Rev. B 57(5), 2643–2646 (1998).
[Crossref]

Sun, D. L.

X. Sun, X. G. Xu, D. L. Sun, Z. P. Wang, S. L. Wang, Y. J. Fu, H. Zeng, Y. P. Li, X. L. Yu, and Z. S. Gao, “Study on the liquid inclusion induced light scatter in KDP crystal,” J. Cryst. Growth 226(4), 529–533 (2001).
[Crossref]

Sun, X.

L. S. Zhang, G. W. Yu, H. L. Zhou, L. Li, M. X. Xu, B. A. Liu, S. H. Ji, L. L. Zhu, F. F. Liu, and X. Sun, “Study on rapid growth of 98% deuterated potassium dihydrogen phosphate (DKDP) crystals,” J. Cryst. Growth 401, 190–194 (2014).
[Crossref]

B. A. Liu, G. H. Hu, Q. H. Zhang, X. Sun, and X. G. Xu, “Effect of raw material and growth method on optical properties of DKDP crystal,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 12(10), 101604 (2014).
[Crossref]

X. Sun, X. G. Xu, D. L. Sun, Z. P. Wang, S. L. Wang, Y. J. Fu, H. Zeng, Y. P. Li, X. L. Yu, and Z. S. Gao, “Study on the liquid inclusion induced light scatter in KDP crystal,” J. Cryst. Growth 226(4), 529–533 (2001).
[Crossref]

Trenholme, J. B.

J. B. Trenholme, M. D. Feit, and A. M. Rubenchik, “Size-selection initiation model extended to include shape and random factors,” Proc. SPIE 5991, 59910X (2005).

Vital, R. L.

N. P. Zaitseva, J. J. De Yoreo, M. R. Dehaven, R. L. Vital, L. M. Carman, and H. R. Spears, “Rapid growth of large-scale (40-55 cm) KDP crystals,” Proc. SPIE 3047, 404–414 (1997).

Wang, S. L.

X. Sun, X. G. Xu, D. L. Sun, Z. P. Wang, S. L. Wang, Y. J. Fu, H. Zeng, Y. P. Li, X. L. Yu, and Z. S. Gao, “Study on the liquid inclusion induced light scatter in KDP crystal,” J. Cryst. Growth 226(4), 529–533 (2001).
[Crossref]

Wang, Y.

Y. Wang, Y. Zhao, M. Zhu, G. Hu, L. Yang, D. Li, X. Liu, and Q. Xiao, “Laser induced defect decrement in DKDP crystals varied with photon energy,” Proc. SPIE 9238, 923807 (2014).

Wang, Z. P.

X. Sun, X. G. Xu, D. L. Sun, Z. P. Wang, S. L. Wang, Y. J. Fu, H. Zeng, Y. P. Li, X. L. Yu, and Z. S. Gao, “Study on the liquid inclusion induced light scatter in KDP crystal,” J. Cryst. Growth 226(4), 529–533 (2001).
[Crossref]

Whitman, P. K.

J. J. De Yoreo, A. K. Burnham, and P. K. Whitman, “Developing KH2PO4 and KD2PO4 crystals for the world's most power laser,” Int. Mater. Rev. 47(3), 113–152 (2002).
[Crossref]

Woods, B.

B. Woods, M. Runkel, M. Yan, M. Staggs, N. Zaitseva, M. Kozlowski, and J. DeYoreo, “Investigation of damage in KDP using light scattering techniques,” Proc. SPIE 2966, 20–31 (1997).

M. Runkel, B. Woods, M. Yan, J. DeYoreo, and M. Kozlowski, “Analysis of high resolution scatter images from laser damage experiments performed on KDP,” Proc. SPIE 2714, 185–195 (1996).

Xiao, Q.

Y. Wang, Y. Zhao, M. Zhu, G. Hu, L. Yang, D. Li, X. Liu, and Q. Xiao, “Laser induced defect decrement in DKDP crystals varied with photon energy,” Proc. SPIE 9238, 923807 (2014).

G. Hu, Y. Zhao, D. Li, and Q. Xiao, “Transmittance increase after laser conditioning reveals absorption properties variation in DKDP crystals,” Opt. Express 20(22), 25169–25180 (2012).
[PubMed]

Xu, M. X.

L. S. Zhang, G. W. Yu, H. L. Zhou, L. Li, M. X. Xu, B. A. Liu, S. H. Ji, L. L. Zhu, F. F. Liu, and X. Sun, “Study on rapid growth of 98% deuterated potassium dihydrogen phosphate (DKDP) crystals,” J. Cryst. Growth 401, 190–194 (2014).
[Crossref]

Xu, X. G.

B. A. Liu, G. H. Hu, Q. H. Zhang, X. Sun, and X. G. Xu, “Effect of raw material and growth method on optical properties of DKDP crystal,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 12(10), 101604 (2014).
[Crossref]

X. Sun, X. G. Xu, D. L. Sun, Z. P. Wang, S. L. Wang, Y. J. Fu, H. Zeng, Y. P. Li, X. L. Yu, and Z. S. Gao, “Study on the liquid inclusion induced light scatter in KDP crystal,” J. Cryst. Growth 226(4), 529–533 (2001).
[Crossref]

Yamanaka, C.

A. Yokotani, T. Sasaki, K. Yoshida, T. Yamanaka, and C. Yamanaka, “Improvement of the bulk laser damage threshold of potassium dihydrogen phosphate crystals by ultraviolet-irradiation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 48(16), 1030–1032 (1986).
[Crossref]

Yamanaka, T.

A. Yokotani, T. Sasaki, K. Yoshida, T. Yamanaka, and C. Yamanaka, “Improvement of the bulk laser damage threshold of potassium dihydrogen phosphate crystals by ultraviolet-irradiation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 48(16), 1030–1032 (1986).
[Crossref]

Yan, M.

S. D. Setzler, K. T. Stevens, L. E. Halliburton, M. Yan, N. P. Zaitseva, and J. J. DeYoreo, “Hydrogen atoms in KH2PO4 crystals,” Phys. Rev. B 57(5), 2643–2646 (1998).
[Crossref]

B. Woods, M. Runkel, M. Yan, M. Staggs, N. Zaitseva, M. Kozlowski, and J. DeYoreo, “Investigation of damage in KDP using light scattering techniques,” Proc. SPIE 2966, 20–31 (1997).

M. Runkel, B. Woods, M. Yan, J. DeYoreo, and M. Kozlowski, “Analysis of high resolution scatter images from laser damage experiments performed on KDP,” Proc. SPIE 2714, 185–195 (1996).

Yang, L.

Y. Wang, Y. Zhao, M. Zhu, G. Hu, L. Yang, D. Li, X. Liu, and Q. Xiao, “Laser induced defect decrement in DKDP crystals varied with photon energy,” Proc. SPIE 9238, 923807 (2014).

Yokotani, A.

A. Yokotani, T. Sasaki, K. Yoshida, T. Yamanaka, and C. Yamanaka, “Improvement of the bulk laser damage threshold of potassium dihydrogen phosphate crystals by ultraviolet-irradiation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 48(16), 1030–1032 (1986).
[Crossref]

Yoshida, K.

A. Yokotani, T. Sasaki, K. Yoshida, T. Yamanaka, and C. Yamanaka, “Improvement of the bulk laser damage threshold of potassium dihydrogen phosphate crystals by ultraviolet-irradiation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 48(16), 1030–1032 (1986).
[Crossref]

Yu, G. W.

L. S. Zhang, G. W. Yu, H. L. Zhou, L. Li, M. X. Xu, B. A. Liu, S. H. Ji, L. L. Zhu, F. F. Liu, and X. Sun, “Study on rapid growth of 98% deuterated potassium dihydrogen phosphate (DKDP) crystals,” J. Cryst. Growth 401, 190–194 (2014).
[Crossref]

Yu, X. L.

X. Sun, X. G. Xu, D. L. Sun, Z. P. Wang, S. L. Wang, Y. J. Fu, H. Zeng, Y. P. Li, X. L. Yu, and Z. S. Gao, “Study on the liquid inclusion induced light scatter in KDP crystal,” J. Cryst. Growth 226(4), 529–533 (2001).
[Crossref]

Zaitseva, N.

B. Woods, M. Runkel, M. Yan, M. Staggs, N. Zaitseva, M. Kozlowski, and J. DeYoreo, “Investigation of damage in KDP using light scattering techniques,” Proc. SPIE 2966, 20–31 (1997).

Zaitseva, N. P.

S. D. Setzler, K. T. Stevens, L. E. Halliburton, M. Yan, N. P. Zaitseva, and J. J. DeYoreo, “Hydrogen atoms in KH2PO4 crystals,” Phys. Rev. B 57(5), 2643–2646 (1998).
[Crossref]

N. P. Zaitseva, J. J. De Yoreo, M. R. Dehaven, R. L. Vital, L. M. Carman, and H. R. Spears, “Rapid growth of large-scale (40-55 cm) KDP crystals,” Proc. SPIE 3047, 404–414 (1997).

I. Smolski, J. J. DeYoreo, N. P. Zaitseva, J. D. Lee, T. A. Land, and E. B. Rudneva, “Oriented liquid inclusions in KDP crystals,” J. Cryst. Growth 169(4), 741–746 (1996).
[Crossref]

Zeng, H.

X. Sun, X. G. Xu, D. L. Sun, Z. P. Wang, S. L. Wang, Y. J. Fu, H. Zeng, Y. P. Li, X. L. Yu, and Z. S. Gao, “Study on the liquid inclusion induced light scatter in KDP crystal,” J. Cryst. Growth 226(4), 529–533 (2001).
[Crossref]

Zhang, L. S.

L. S. Zhang, G. W. Yu, H. L. Zhou, L. Li, M. X. Xu, B. A. Liu, S. H. Ji, L. L. Zhu, F. F. Liu, and X. Sun, “Study on rapid growth of 98% deuterated potassium dihydrogen phosphate (DKDP) crystals,” J. Cryst. Growth 401, 190–194 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhang, Q.

C. S. Liu, Q. Zhang, N. Kioussis, S. G. Demos, and H. B. Radousky, “Electronic structure calculations of intrinsic and extrinsic hydrogen point defects in KH2PO4,” Phys. Rev. B 68(22), 224107 (2003).
[Crossref]

Zhang, Q. H.

Zhao, Y.

Y. Wang, Y. Zhao, M. Zhu, G. Hu, L. Yang, D. Li, X. Liu, and Q. Xiao, “Laser induced defect decrement in DKDP crystals varied with photon energy,” Proc. SPIE 9238, 923807 (2014).

G. Hu, Y. Zhao, D. Li, and Q. Xiao, “Transmittance increase after laser conditioning reveals absorption properties variation in DKDP crystals,” Opt. Express 20(22), 25169–25180 (2012).
[PubMed]

Zhou, H. L.

L. S. Zhang, G. W. Yu, H. L. Zhou, L. Li, M. X. Xu, B. A. Liu, S. H. Ji, L. L. Zhu, F. F. Liu, and X. Sun, “Study on rapid growth of 98% deuterated potassium dihydrogen phosphate (DKDP) crystals,” J. Cryst. Growth 401, 190–194 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhu, L. L.

L. S. Zhang, G. W. Yu, H. L. Zhou, L. Li, M. X. Xu, B. A. Liu, S. H. Ji, L. L. Zhu, F. F. Liu, and X. Sun, “Study on rapid growth of 98% deuterated potassium dihydrogen phosphate (DKDP) crystals,” J. Cryst. Growth 401, 190–194 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhu, M.

Y. Wang, Y. Zhao, M. Zhu, G. Hu, L. Yang, D. Li, X. Liu, and Q. Xiao, “Laser induced defect decrement in DKDP crystals varied with photon energy,” Proc. SPIE 9238, 923807 (2014).

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

A. Yokotani, T. Sasaki, K. Yoshida, T. Yamanaka, and C. Yamanaka, “Improvement of the bulk laser damage threshold of potassium dihydrogen phosphate crystals by ultraviolet-irradiation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 48(16), 1030–1032 (1986).
[Crossref]

C. W. Carr, M. D. Feit, M. A. Johnson, and A. M. Rubenchik, “Complex morphology of laser-induced bulk damage in K2H(2−x)DxPO4 crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(13), 131901 (2006).
[Crossref]

Chin. Opt. Lett. (1)

Cryst. Res. Technol. (1)

H. Endert and W. Melle, “Influence of dislocations in KDP crystals on laser damage threshold,” Cryst. Res. Technol. 16(7), 815–819 (1981).

Int. Mater. Rev. (1)

J. J. De Yoreo, A. K. Burnham, and P. K. Whitman, “Developing KH2PO4 and KD2PO4 crystals for the world's most power laser,” Int. Mater. Rev. 47(3), 113–152 (2002).
[Crossref]

J. Appl. Cryst. (1)

G. Bhagavannarayana, P. Rajesh, and P. Ramasamy, “Interesting growth features in potassium dihydrogen phosphate: unravelling the origin and dynamics of point defects in single crystals,” J. Appl. Cryst. 43(6), 1372–1376 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. Appl. Phys. (5)

G. Duchateau, M. D. Feit, and S. G. Demos, “Strong nonlinear growth of energy coupling during laser irradiation of transparent dielectrics and its significance for laser induced damage,” J. Appl. Phys. 111(9), 093106 (2012).
[Crossref]

G. Duchateau, M. D. Feit, and S. G. Demos, “Transient material properties during defect-assisted laser breakdown in deuterated potassium dihydrogen phosphate crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 115(10), 103506 (2014).
[Crossref]

K. E. Montgomery and F. P. Milanovich, “High-laser-damage-threshold potassium dihydrogen phosphate crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 68(8), 3979–3982 (1990).
[Crossref]

M. M. Chirila, N. Y. Garces, L. E. Halliburton, S. G. Demos, T. A. Land, and H. B. Radousky, “Production and thermal decay of radiation-induced point defects in KD2PO4 crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 94(10), 6456–6462 (2003).
[Crossref]

P. DeMange, C. W. Carr, R. A. Negres, H. B. Radousky, and S. G. Demos, “Laser annealing characteristics of multiple bulk defect populations within DKDP crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 104(10), 103103 (2008).
[Crossref]

J. Cryst. Growth (3)

X. Sun, X. G. Xu, D. L. Sun, Z. P. Wang, S. L. Wang, Y. J. Fu, H. Zeng, Y. P. Li, X. L. Yu, and Z. S. Gao, “Study on the liquid inclusion induced light scatter in KDP crystal,” J. Cryst. Growth 226(4), 529–533 (2001).
[Crossref]

L. S. Zhang, G. W. Yu, H. L. Zhou, L. Li, M. X. Xu, B. A. Liu, S. H. Ji, L. L. Zhu, F. F. Liu, and X. Sun, “Study on rapid growth of 98% deuterated potassium dihydrogen phosphate (DKDP) crystals,” J. Cryst. Growth 401, 190–194 (2014).
[Crossref]

I. Smolski, J. J. DeYoreo, N. P. Zaitseva, J. D. Lee, T. A. Land, and E. B. Rudneva, “Oriented liquid inclusions in KDP crystals,” J. Cryst. Growth 169(4), 741–746 (1996).
[Crossref]

Opt. Eng. (1)

P. DeMange, R. A. Negres, H. B. Radousky, and S. G. Demos, “Differentiation of defect populations responsible for bulk laser-induced damage in potassium dihydrogen phosphate crystals,” Opt. Eng. 45(10), 104205 (2006).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Mater. Express (1)

Phys. Rev. B (3)

C. S. Liu, Q. Zhang, N. Kioussis, S. G. Demos, and H. B. Radousky, “Electronic structure calculations of intrinsic and extrinsic hydrogen point defects in KH2PO4,” Phys. Rev. B 68(22), 224107 (2003).
[Crossref]

S. D. Setzler, K. T. Stevens, L. E. Halliburton, M. Yan, N. P. Zaitseva, and J. J. DeYoreo, “Hydrogen atoms in KH2PO4 crystals,” Phys. Rev. B 57(5), 2643–2646 (1998).
[Crossref]

G. Duchateau, G. Geoffroy, A. Dyan, H. Piombini, and S. Guizard, “Electron-hole dynamics in normal and deuterated KH2PO4 illuminated by intense femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. B 83(7), 075114 (2011).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

C. S. Liu, N. Kioussis, S. G. Demos, and H. B. Radousky, “Electron- or hole-assisted reactions of H defects in hydrogen-bonded KDP,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91(1), 015505 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Proc. SPIE (8)

B. Woods, M. Runkel, M. Yan, M. Staggs, N. Zaitseva, M. Kozlowski, and J. DeYoreo, “Investigation of damage in KDP using light scattering techniques,” Proc. SPIE 2966, 20–31 (1997).

Y. Wang, Y. Zhao, M. Zhu, G. Hu, L. Yang, D. Li, X. Liu, and Q. Xiao, “Laser induced defect decrement in DKDP crystals varied with photon energy,” Proc. SPIE 9238, 923807 (2014).

S. G. Demos, M. Staggs, H. B. Radousky, and J. J. De Yoreo, “Investigation of steady-state and transient defect populations in KH2PO4 subsequent to high fluence laser irradiation,” Proc. SPIE 3610, 2–8 (1999).

M. Runkel, B. Woods, M. Yan, J. DeYoreo, and M. Kozlowski, “Analysis of high resolution scatter images from laser damage experiments performed on KDP,” Proc. SPIE 2714, 185–195 (1996).

M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, and A. H. Guenther, “Implications of nanoabsorber initiators for damage probability curves, pulselength scaling, and laser conditioning,” Proc. SPIE 5273, 74–82 (2004).

B. Bertussi, D. Damiani, M. Pommies, A. Dyan, H. Piombini, X. Leborgne, A. During, L. Lamaignere, G. Gaborit, M. Loiseau, S. Mardelle, and T. Donval, “Laser conditioning of KDP crystals using excimer and Nd:YAG lasers,” Proc. SPIE 6403, 64031N (2006).

J. B. Trenholme, M. D. Feit, and A. M. Rubenchik, “Size-selection initiation model extended to include shape and random factors,” Proc. SPIE 5991, 59910X (2005).

N. P. Zaitseva, J. J. De Yoreo, M. R. Dehaven, R. L. Vital, L. M. Carman, and H. R. Spears, “Rapid growth of large-scale (40-55 cm) KDP crystals,” Proc. SPIE 3047, 404–414 (1997).

Other (4)

H. C. van de Hulst, Light Scattering by Small Particles (Dover Publications, 1981).

L. N. Rashkovich, KDP-family Single Crystals (CRC Press, 1991).

M. Kerker, The Scattering of Light, and Other Electromagnetic Radiation (Academic Press, 1969).

H. Kohl and L. Reimer, Transmission Electron Microscopy (Springer-Verlag 2008).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Schematic of the transmittance measurement system.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 (a) Typical scattering image of scattering defect in crystal (The color of the image was inverted to enhance contrast), and (b) the typical morphology observed by TEM
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 (a) Image of scattering defects after each specific laser fluence (The color of the image was inverted to enhance contrast), (b) the density of scattering centers vs ramped laser fluence (150 pulses at each specific fluence).
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Transmittance increased as a part of scattering defects disappeared after laser conditioning.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Variation of scattering density (right) and transmittance (left; each error bar indicated the standard deviation) vs ramped laser fluence (150 pulses at each specific fluence).

Equations (3)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

{ Q ext = 2 x 2 n=0 (2n+1)Re{ a n + b n } Q scat = 2 x 2 n=0 (2n+1)( | a n | 2 + | b n | 2 ) Q abs = Q ext Q scat .
n(a)= ρ a 2 ( a min 1 a max 1 ) , a min a a max
ΔT= a min a max (1 e π a 2 Q ext (a)n(a)d ) da

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