Abstract

We provide a comprehensive study on the efficient third harmonic generation (THG) in a lossy metal-hybrid-metal asymmetric plasmonic slot waveguide (MHM) to develop a method for efficient THG by focusing on the modal phase-matching condition (PMC), the third-order nonlinear susceptibility of the nonlinear interactive material, and the pump-harmonic modal overlap in conjunction with reasonable linear propagation loss. In addition to the PMC and the nonlinear material, the stimulated THG process can be greatly enhanced by the large pump-harmonic modal overlap. With 1 W pump power, simulation results present that THG conversion efficiency up to 2.79 × 10−4 within 4.5 𝜇m MHM can be achieved.

© 2015 Optical Society of America

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2014 (2)

2013 (2)

2012 (5)

2010 (6)

2009 (6)

R. Spano, N. Daldosso, M. Cazzanelli, L. Ferraioli, L. Tartara, J. Yu, V. Degiorgio, E. Giordana, J. M. Fedeli, and L. Pavesi, “Bound electronic and free carrier nonlinearities in Silicon nanocrystals at 1550nm,” Opt. Express 17(5), 3941–3950 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Tian, S. Yu, W. Yan, and M. Qiu, “Broadband high-efficiency surface-plasmon-polariton coupler with silicon-metal interface,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(1), 013504 (2009).
[Crossref]

S. Y. Zhang, D. G. Revin, J. W. Cockburn, K. Kennedy, A. B. Krysa, and M. Hopkinson, “λ~3.1 𝜇m room temperature InGaAs/AlAsSb/InP quantum cascade lases,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(3), 031106 (2009).
[Crossref]

C. Wang and P. Sahay, “Breath analysis using laser spectroscopic techniques: Breath biomarkers, spectral fingerprints, and detection limits,” Sensors (Basel) 9(10), 8230–8262 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Ruan, G. Veronis, K. L. Vodopyanov, M. M. Fejer, and S. Fan, “Enhancement of optics-to-THz conversion efficiency by metallic slot waveguides,” Opt. Express 17(16), 13502–13515 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Leuthold, W. Freude, J. M. Brosi, R. Baets, P. Dumon, I. Biaggio, M. L. Scimeca, F. Diederich, B. Frank, and C. Koos, “Silicon organic hybrid technology-A platform for practical nonlinear optics,” Proc. IEEE 97(7), 1304–1316 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (2)

2007 (4)

D. G. Revin, J. W. Cockburn, M. J. Steer, R. J. Airey, M. Hopkinson, A. B. Krysa, L. R. Wilson, and S. Menzel, “InGaAs/AlAsSb/InP quantum cascade lasers operating at wavelengths close to 3 𝜇m,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(2), 021108 (2007).
[Crossref]

Q. Lin, O. J. Painter, and G. P. Agrawal, “Nonlinear optical phenomena in silicon waveguides: Modeling and applications,” Opt. Express 15(25), 16604–16644 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Sanchis, J. Blasco, A. Martinez, and J. Martì, “Design of Silicon-Based Slot Waveguide Configurations for Optimum Nonlinear Performance,” J. Lightwave Technol. 25(5), 1298–1305 (2007).
[Crossref]

A. V. Krasavin and A. V. Zayats, “Passive photonic elements based on dielectric-loaded surface plasmon polariton waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(21), 211101 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (1)

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, V. S. Volkov, E. Devaux, J.-Y. Laluet, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Channel plasmon subwavelength waveguide components including interferometers and ring resonators,” Nature 440(7083), 508–511 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2005 (3)

2004 (1)

2003 (1)

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Surface plasmon subwavelength optics,” Nature 424(6950), 824–830 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2002 (4)

R. P. Schmid, T. Schneider, and J. Reif, “Optical processing on a femtosecond time scale,” Opt. Commun. 207(1–6), 155–160 (2002).
[Crossref]

N. S. Prasad, D. D. Smith, and J. R. Magee, “Data communication in mid-IR using a solid-state laser pumped optical parametric oscillator,” Proc. SPIE 4821, 214–224 (2002).
[Crossref]

M. M. J. W. van Herpen, S. Te Lintel Hekkert, S. E. Bisson, and F. J. M. Harren, “Wide single-mode tuning of a 3.0- 3.8-µm, 700-mW, continuous-wave Nd:YAG-pumped optical parametric oscillator based on periodically poled lithium niobate,” Opt. Lett. 27(8), 640–642 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. M. J. W. van Herpen, S. Li, S. E. Bisson, S. te Lintel Hekkert, and F. J. M. Harren, “Tuning and stability of a continuous-wave mid-infrared high-power single resonant optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. B 75(2–3), 329–333 (2002).
[Crossref]

2000 (3)

1999 (2)

H. Endert, M. Scaggs, D. Basting, and U. Stamm, “New ultraviolet lasers for material processing in industrial applications,” J. Laser Appl. 11(1), 1–6 (1999).
[Crossref]

M. E. Klein, D. H. Lee, J. P. Meyn, K. J. Boller, and R. Wallenstein, “Singly resonant continuous-wave optical parametric oscillator pumped by a diode laser,” Opt. Lett. 24(16), 1142–1144 (1999).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1998 (1)

F. Kühnemann, K. Schneider, A. Hecker, A. A. E. Martis, W. Urban, S. Schiller, and J. Mlynek, “Photoacoustic trace-gas detection using a cw single-frequency parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. B 66(6), 741–745 (1998).
[Crossref]

1997 (1)

Y. Barad, H. Eisenberg, M. Horowitz, and Y. Silberberg, “Nonlinear scanning laser microscopy by third harmonic generation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 70(8), 922–924 (1997).
[Crossref]

1996 (1)

1994 (1)

G. Baker, B. L. Lawrence, W. Toruellas, M. Cha, J. Meth, G. Stegeman, S. Etemad, and J. U. Kang, “Large purely refractive nonlinear index of single crystal P-toluene sulphonate (PTS) at 1600 nm,” Electron. Lett. 30(5), 447–448 (1994).
[Crossref]

1983 (1)

1980 (1)

1972 (1)

P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, “Optical constants of the noble metals,” Phys. Rev. B 6(12), 4370–4379 (1972).
[Crossref]

1962 (1)

J. A. Armstrong, N. Bloembergen, J. Ducuing, and P. S. Pershan, “Interactions between light waves in a nonlinear dielectric,” Phys. Rev. 127(6), 1918–1939 (1962).
[Crossref]

Agrawal, G. P.

Airey, R. J.

D. G. Revin, J. W. Cockburn, M. J. Steer, R. J. Airey, M. Hopkinson, A. B. Krysa, L. R. Wilson, and S. Menzel, “InGaAs/AlAsSb/InP quantum cascade lasers operating at wavelengths close to 3 𝜇m,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(2), 021108 (2007).
[Crossref]

Alexander, J. I.

Armstrong, J. A.

J. A. Armstrong, N. Bloembergen, J. Ducuing, and P. S. Pershan, “Interactions between light waves in a nonlinear dielectric,” Phys. Rev. 127(6), 1918–1939 (1962).
[Crossref]

Baets, R.

J. Leuthold, W. Freude, J. M. Brosi, R. Baets, P. Dumon, I. Biaggio, M. L. Scimeca, F. Diederich, B. Frank, and C. Koos, “Silicon organic hybrid technology-A platform for practical nonlinear optics,” Proc. IEEE 97(7), 1304–1316 (2009).
[Crossref]

Baker, G.

G. Baker, B. L. Lawrence, W. Toruellas, M. Cha, J. Meth, G. Stegeman, S. Etemad, and J. U. Kang, “Large purely refractive nonlinear index of single crystal P-toluene sulphonate (PTS) at 1600 nm,” Electron. Lett. 30(5), 447–448 (1994).
[Crossref]

Balslev-Clausen, D.

Barad, Y.

Y. Barad, H. Eisenberg, M. Horowitz, and Y. Silberberg, “Nonlinear scanning laser microscopy by third harmonic generation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 70(8), 922–924 (1997).
[Crossref]

Barnes, W. L.

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Surface plasmon subwavelength optics,” Nature 424(6950), 824–830 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Basting, D.

H. Endert, M. Scaggs, D. Basting, and U. Stamm, “New ultraviolet lasers for material processing in industrial applications,” J. Laser Appl. 11(1), 1–6 (1999).
[Crossref]

Beausoleil, R. G.

Bencheikh, K.

Berini, P.

P. Berini, “Plasmon polariton waves guided by thin lossy metal films of finite width: bound modes of symmetric structures,” Phys. Rev. B 61(15), 10484–10503 (2000).
[Crossref]

Biaggio, I.

J. Leuthold, W. Freude, J. M. Brosi, R. Baets, P. Dumon, I. Biaggio, M. L. Scimeca, F. Diederich, B. Frank, and C. Koos, “Silicon organic hybrid technology-A platform for practical nonlinear optics,” Proc. IEEE 97(7), 1304–1316 (2009).
[Crossref]

Bisson, S. E.

M. M. J. W. van Herpen, S. Li, S. E. Bisson, S. te Lintel Hekkert, and F. J. M. Harren, “Tuning and stability of a continuous-wave mid-infrared high-power single resonant optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. B 75(2–3), 329–333 (2002).
[Crossref]

M. M. J. W. van Herpen, S. Te Lintel Hekkert, S. E. Bisson, and F. J. M. Harren, “Wide single-mode tuning of a 3.0- 3.8-µm, 700-mW, continuous-wave Nd:YAG-pumped optical parametric oscillator based on periodically poled lithium niobate,” Opt. Lett. 27(8), 640–642 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Blasco, J.

A. Martínez, J. Blasco, P. Sanchis, J. V. Galán, J. García-Rupérez, E. Jordana, P. Gautier, Y. Lebour, S. Hernández, R. Guider, N. Daldosso, B. Garrido, J. M. Fedeli, L. Pavesi, J. Martí, and R. Spano, “Ultrafast all-optical switching in a silicon-nanocrystal-based silicon slot waveguide at telecom waveguides,” Nano Lett. 10(4), 1506–1511 (2010).

P. Sanchis, J. Blasco, A. Martinez, and J. Martì, “Design of Silicon-Based Slot Waveguide Configurations for Optimum Nonlinear Performance,” J. Lightwave Technol. 25(5), 1298–1305 (2007).
[Crossref]

Bloembergen, N.

J. A. Armstrong, N. Bloembergen, J. Ducuing, and P. S. Pershan, “Interactions between light waves in a nonlinear dielectric,” Phys. Rev. 127(6), 1918–1939 (1962).
[Crossref]

Boller, K. J.

Borschowa, L. A.

Bosenberg, W. R.

Bozhevolnyi, S. I.

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, V. S. Volkov, E. Devaux, J.-Y. Laluet, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Channel plasmon subwavelength waveguide components including interferometers and ring resonators,” Nature 440(7083), 508–511 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Brambilla, G.

Broderick, N. G. R.

Brongersma, M. L.

Brosi, J. M.

J. Leuthold, W. Freude, J. M. Brosi, R. Baets, P. Dumon, I. Biaggio, M. L. Scimeca, F. Diederich, B. Frank, and C. Koos, “Silicon organic hybrid technology-A platform for practical nonlinear optics,” Proc. IEEE 97(7), 1304–1316 (2009).
[Crossref]

Byer, R. L.

Cassan, E.

Catrysse, P. B.

Cazzanelli, M.

Cha, M.

G. Baker, B. L. Lawrence, W. Toruellas, M. Cha, J. Meth, G. Stegeman, S. Etemad, and J. U. Kang, “Large purely refractive nonlinear index of single crystal P-toluene sulphonate (PTS) at 1600 nm,” Electron. Lett. 30(5), 447–448 (1994).
[Crossref]

Cheng, T.

Christy, R. W.

P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, “Optical constants of the noble metals,” Phys. Rev. B 6(12), 4370–4379 (1972).
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A. Soibel, M. Wright, W. Farr, S. Keo, C. Hill, R. Q. Yang, and H. C. Liu, “Free space optical communication utilizing mid-infrared interband cascade laser,” Proc. SPIE 7587, 75870S (2010).
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G. Baker, B. L. Lawrence, W. Toruellas, M. Cha, J. Meth, G. Stegeman, S. Etemad, and J. U. Kang, “Large purely refractive nonlinear index of single crystal P-toluene sulphonate (PTS) at 1600 nm,” Electron. Lett. 30(5), 447–448 (1994).
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A. Soibel, M. Wright, W. Farr, S. Keo, C. Hill, R. Q. Yang, and H. C. Liu, “Free space optical communication utilizing mid-infrared interband cascade laser,” Proc. SPIE 7587, 75870S (2010).
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S. I. Bozhevolnyi, V. S. Volkov, E. Devaux, J.-Y. Laluet, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Channel plasmon subwavelength waveguide components including interferometers and ring resonators,” Nature 440(7083), 508–511 (2006).
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J. Leuthold, W. Freude, J. M. Brosi, R. Baets, P. Dumon, I. Biaggio, M. L. Scimeca, F. Diederich, B. Frank, and C. Koos, “Silicon organic hybrid technology-A platform for practical nonlinear optics,” Proc. IEEE 97(7), 1304–1316 (2009).
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A. Soibel, M. Wright, W. Farr, S. Keo, C. Hill, R. Q. Yang, and H. C. Liu, “Free space optical communication utilizing mid-infrared interband cascade laser,” Proc. SPIE 7587, 75870S (2010).
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M. A. Mackanos, D. M. Simanovskii, K. E. Schriver, M. M. Hutson, C. H. Contag, J. A. Kozub, and E. D. Jansen, “Pulse-duration-dependent mid-infrared laser ablation for biological applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 18(4), 1514–1522 (2012).
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N. S. Prasad, D. D. Smith, and J. R. Magee, “Data communication in mid-IR using a solid-state laser pumped optical parametric oscillator,” Proc. SPIE 4821, 214–224 (2002).
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F. Kühnemann, K. Schneider, A. Hecker, A. A. E. Martis, W. Urban, S. Schiller, and J. Mlynek, “Photoacoustic trace-gas detection using a cw single-frequency parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. B 66(6), 741–745 (1998).
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R. Spano, N. Daldosso, M. Cazzanelli, L. Ferraioli, L. Tartara, J. Yu, V. Degiorgio, E. Giordana, J. M. Fedeli, and L. Pavesi, “Bound electronic and free carrier nonlinearities in Silicon nanocrystals at 1550nm,” Opt. Express 17(5), 3941–3950 (2009).
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Pershan, P. S.

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F. Kühnemann, K. Schneider, A. Hecker, A. A. E. Martis, W. Urban, S. Schiller, and J. Mlynek, “Photoacoustic trace-gas detection using a cw single-frequency parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. B 66(6), 741–745 (1998).
[Crossref]

Schmid, R. P.

R. P. Schmid, T. Schneider, and J. Reif, “Optical processing on a femtosecond time scale,” Opt. Commun. 207(1–6), 155–160 (2002).
[Crossref]

Schneider, K.

F. Kühnemann, K. Schneider, A. Hecker, A. A. E. Martis, W. Urban, S. Schiller, and J. Mlynek, “Photoacoustic trace-gas detection using a cw single-frequency parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. B 66(6), 741–745 (1998).
[Crossref]

Schneider, T.

R. P. Schmid, T. Schneider, and J. Reif, “Optical processing on a femtosecond time scale,” Opt. Commun. 207(1–6), 155–160 (2002).
[Crossref]

Schriver, K. E.

M. A. Mackanos, D. M. Simanovskii, K. E. Schriver, M. M. Hutson, C. H. Contag, J. A. Kozub, and E. D. Jansen, “Pulse-duration-dependent mid-infrared laser ablation for biological applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 18(4), 1514–1522 (2012).
[Crossref]

Scimeca, M. L.

J. Leuthold, W. Freude, J. M. Brosi, R. Baets, P. Dumon, I. Biaggio, M. L. Scimeca, F. Diederich, B. Frank, and C. Koos, “Silicon organic hybrid technology-A platform for practical nonlinear optics,” Proc. IEEE 97(7), 1304–1316 (2009).
[Crossref]

Selker, M. D.

Shao, X.

Shum, P. P.

Silberberg, Y.

Y. Barad, H. Eisenberg, M. Horowitz, and Y. Silberberg, “Nonlinear scanning laser microscopy by third harmonic generation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 70(8), 922–924 (1997).
[Crossref]

Simanovskii, D. M.

M. A. Mackanos, D. M. Simanovskii, K. E. Schriver, M. M. Hutson, C. H. Contag, J. A. Kozub, and E. D. Jansen, “Pulse-duration-dependent mid-infrared laser ablation for biological applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 18(4), 1514–1522 (2012).
[Crossref]

Smith, D. D.

N. S. Prasad, D. D. Smith, and J. R. Magee, “Data communication in mid-IR using a solid-state laser pumped optical parametric oscillator,” Proc. SPIE 4821, 214–224 (2002).
[Crossref]

Soibel, A.

A. Soibel, M. Wright, W. Farr, S. Keo, C. Hill, R. Q. Yang, and H. C. Liu, “Free space optical communication utilizing mid-infrared interband cascade laser,” Proc. SPIE 7587, 75870S (2010).
[Crossref]

Solntsev, A. S.

Spano, R.

A. Martínez, J. Blasco, P. Sanchis, J. V. Galán, J. García-Rupérez, E. Jordana, P. Gautier, Y. Lebour, S. Hernández, R. Guider, N. Daldosso, B. Garrido, J. M. Fedeli, L. Pavesi, J. Martí, and R. Spano, “Ultrafast all-optical switching in a silicon-nanocrystal-based silicon slot waveguide at telecom waveguides,” Nano Lett. 10(4), 1506–1511 (2010).

R. Spano, N. Daldosso, M. Cazzanelli, L. Ferraioli, L. Tartara, J. Yu, V. Degiorgio, E. Giordana, J. M. Fedeli, and L. Pavesi, “Bound electronic and free carrier nonlinearities in Silicon nanocrystals at 1550nm,” Opt. Express 17(5), 3941–3950 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Stamm, U.

H. Endert, M. Scaggs, D. Basting, and U. Stamm, “New ultraviolet lasers for material processing in industrial applications,” J. Laser Appl. 11(1), 1–6 (1999).
[Crossref]

Steer, M. J.

D. G. Revin, J. W. Cockburn, M. J. Steer, R. J. Airey, M. Hopkinson, A. B. Krysa, L. R. Wilson, and S. Menzel, “InGaAs/AlAsSb/InP quantum cascade lasers operating at wavelengths close to 3 𝜇m,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(2), 021108 (2007).
[Crossref]

Stegeman, G.

G. Baker, B. L. Lawrence, W. Toruellas, M. Cha, J. Meth, G. Stegeman, S. Etemad, and J. U. Kang, “Large purely refractive nonlinear index of single crystal P-toluene sulphonate (PTS) at 1600 nm,” Electron. Lett. 30(5), 447–448 (1994).
[Crossref]

Sukhorukov, A. A.

Sun, Y.

Suzuki, T.

Tartara, L.

te Lintel Hekkert, S.

M. M. J. W. van Herpen, S. Li, S. E. Bisson, S. te Lintel Hekkert, and F. J. M. Harren, “Tuning and stability of a continuous-wave mid-infrared high-power single resonant optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. B 75(2–3), 329–333 (2002).
[Crossref]

M. M. J. W. van Herpen, S. Te Lintel Hekkert, S. E. Bisson, and F. J. M. Harren, “Wide single-mode tuning of a 3.0- 3.8-µm, 700-mW, continuous-wave Nd:YAG-pumped optical parametric oscillator based on periodically poled lithium niobate,” Opt. Lett. 27(8), 640–642 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Thorpe, M. J.

Tian, J.

J. Tian, S. Yu, W. Yan, and M. Qiu, “Broadband high-efficiency surface-plasmon-polariton coupler with silicon-metal interface,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(1), 013504 (2009).
[Crossref]

Toruellas, W.

G. Baker, B. L. Lawrence, W. Toruellas, M. Cha, J. Meth, G. Stegeman, S. Etemad, and J. U. Kang, “Large purely refractive nonlinear index of single crystal P-toluene sulphonate (PTS) at 1600 nm,” Electron. Lett. 30(5), 447–448 (1994).
[Crossref]

Tsang, H. K.

H. K. Tsang and Y. Liu, “Nonlinear optical properties of silicon waveguides,” Semicond. Sci. Technol. 23(6), 064007 (2008).
[Crossref]

Urban, W.

F. Kühnemann, K. Schneider, A. Hecker, A. A. E. Martis, W. Urban, S. Schiller, and J. Mlynek, “Photoacoustic trace-gas detection using a cw single-frequency parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. B 66(6), 741–745 (1998).
[Crossref]

van Herpen, M. M. J. W.

M. M. J. W. van Herpen, S. Te Lintel Hekkert, S. E. Bisson, and F. J. M. Harren, “Wide single-mode tuning of a 3.0- 3.8-µm, 700-mW, continuous-wave Nd:YAG-pumped optical parametric oscillator based on periodically poled lithium niobate,” Opt. Lett. 27(8), 640–642 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. M. J. W. van Herpen, S. Li, S. E. Bisson, S. te Lintel Hekkert, and F. J. M. Harren, “Tuning and stability of a continuous-wave mid-infrared high-power single resonant optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. B 75(2–3), 329–333 (2002).
[Crossref]

Veronis, G.

Vodopyanov, K. L.

Volkov, V. S.

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, V. S. Volkov, E. Devaux, J.-Y. Laluet, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Channel plasmon subwavelength waveguide components including interferometers and ring resonators,” Nature 440(7083), 508–511 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wallenstein, R.

Wang, C.

C. Wang and P. Sahay, “Breath analysis using laser spectroscopic techniques: Breath biomarkers, spectral fingerprints, and detection limits,” Sensors (Basel) 9(10), 8230–8262 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

White, T. P.

Willner, A. E.

Wilson, L. R.

D. G. Revin, J. W. Cockburn, M. J. Steer, R. J. Airey, M. Hopkinson, A. B. Krysa, L. R. Wilson, and S. Menzel, “InGaAs/AlAsSb/InP quantum cascade lasers operating at wavelengths close to 3 𝜇m,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(2), 021108 (2007).
[Crossref]

Wright, M.

A. Soibel, M. Wright, W. Farr, S. Keo, C. Hill, R. Q. Yang, and H. C. Liu, “Free space optical communication utilizing mid-infrared interband cascade laser,” Proc. SPIE 7587, 75870S (2010).
[Crossref]

Wu, T.

Xue, X.

Yan, W.

J. Tian, S. Yu, W. Yan, and M. Qiu, “Broadband high-efficiency surface-plasmon-polariton coupler with silicon-metal interface,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(1), 013504 (2009).
[Crossref]

Yang, R. Q.

A. Soibel, M. Wright, W. Farr, S. Keo, C. Hill, R. Q. Yang, and H. C. Liu, “Free space optical communication utilizing mid-infrared interband cascade laser,” Proc. SPIE 7587, 75870S (2010).
[Crossref]

Ye, J.

Yu, J.

Yu, S.

J. Tian, S. Yu, W. Yan, and M. Qiu, “Broadband high-efficiency surface-plasmon-polariton coupler with silicon-metal interface,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(1), 013504 (2009).
[Crossref]

Yue, Y.

Zayats, A. V.

A. V. Krasavin and A. V. Zayats, “Passive photonic elements based on dielectric-loaded surface plasmon polariton waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(21), 211101 (2007).
[Crossref]

Zhang, J.

Zhang, L.

Zhang, S. Y.

S. Y. Zhang, D. G. Revin, J. W. Cockburn, K. Kennedy, A. B. Krysa, and M. Hopkinson, “λ~3.1 𝜇m room temperature InGaAs/AlAsSb/InP quantum cascade lases,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(3), 031106 (2009).
[Crossref]

Zhang, X.

Zhong, X. L.

Zia, R.

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. B (2)

F. Kühnemann, K. Schneider, A. Hecker, A. A. E. Martis, W. Urban, S. Schiller, and J. Mlynek, “Photoacoustic trace-gas detection using a cw single-frequency parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. B 66(6), 741–745 (1998).
[Crossref]

M. M. J. W. van Herpen, S. Li, S. E. Bisson, S. te Lintel Hekkert, and F. J. M. Harren, “Tuning and stability of a continuous-wave mid-infrared high-power single resonant optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. B 75(2–3), 329–333 (2002).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (5)

S. Y. Zhang, D. G. Revin, J. W. Cockburn, K. Kennedy, A. B. Krysa, and M. Hopkinson, “λ~3.1 𝜇m room temperature InGaAs/AlAsSb/InP quantum cascade lases,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(3), 031106 (2009).
[Crossref]

D. G. Revin, J. W. Cockburn, M. J. Steer, R. J. Airey, M. Hopkinson, A. B. Krysa, L. R. Wilson, and S. Menzel, “InGaAs/AlAsSb/InP quantum cascade lasers operating at wavelengths close to 3 𝜇m,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(2), 021108 (2007).
[Crossref]

Y. Barad, H. Eisenberg, M. Horowitz, and Y. Silberberg, “Nonlinear scanning laser microscopy by third harmonic generation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 70(8), 922–924 (1997).
[Crossref]

A. V. Krasavin and A. V. Zayats, “Passive photonic elements based on dielectric-loaded surface plasmon polariton waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(21), 211101 (2007).
[Crossref]

J. Tian, S. Yu, W. Yan, and M. Qiu, “Broadband high-efficiency surface-plasmon-polariton coupler with silicon-metal interface,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(1), 013504 (2009).
[Crossref]

Electron. Lett. (1)

G. Baker, B. L. Lawrence, W. Toruellas, M. Cha, J. Meth, G. Stegeman, S. Etemad, and J. U. Kang, “Large purely refractive nonlinear index of single crystal P-toluene sulphonate (PTS) at 1600 nm,” Electron. Lett. 30(5), 447–448 (1994).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

M. A. Mackanos, D. M. Simanovskii, K. E. Schriver, M. M. Hutson, C. H. Contag, J. A. Kozub, and E. D. Jansen, “Pulse-duration-dependent mid-infrared laser ablation for biological applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 18(4), 1514–1522 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Laser Appl. (1)

H. Endert, M. Scaggs, D. Basting, and U. Stamm, “New ultraviolet lasers for material processing in industrial applications,” J. Laser Appl. 11(1), 1–6 (1999).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

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A. Martínez, J. Blasco, P. Sanchis, J. V. Galán, J. García-Rupérez, E. Jordana, P. Gautier, Y. Lebour, S. Hernández, R. Guider, N. Daldosso, B. Garrido, J. M. Fedeli, L. Pavesi, J. Martí, and R. Spano, “Ultrafast all-optical switching in a silicon-nanocrystal-based silicon slot waveguide at telecom waveguides,” Nano Lett. 10(4), 1506–1511 (2010).

Nature (2)

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Surface plasmon subwavelength optics,” Nature 424(6950), 824–830 (2003).
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S. I. Bozhevolnyi, V. S. Volkov, E. Devaux, J.-Y. Laluet, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Channel plasmon subwavelength waveguide components including interferometers and ring resonators,” Nature 440(7083), 508–511 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Commun. (2)

R. P. Schmid, T. Schneider, and J. Reif, “Optical processing on a femtosecond time scale,” Opt. Commun. 207(1–6), 155–160 (2002).
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A. Coillet and P. Grelu, “Third-harmonic generation in optical microfibers: from silica experiments to highly nonlinear glass prospects,” Opt. Commun. 285(16), 3493–3497 (2012).
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Opt. Express (14)

B. Corcoran, C. Monat, M. Pelusi, C. Grillet, T. P. White, L. O’Faolain, T. F. Krauss, B. J. Eggleton, and D. J. Moss, “Optical signal processing on a silicon chip at 640Gb/s using slow-light,” Opt. Express 18(8), 7770–7781 (2010).
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T. Wu, Y. Sun, X. Shao, P. P. Shum, and T. Huang, “Efficient phase-matched third harmonic generation in an asymmetric plasmonic slot waveguide,” Opt. Express 22(15), 18612–18624 (2014).
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L. Zhang, Y. Yue, R. G. Beausoleil, and A. E. Willner, “Flattened dispersion in silicon slot waveguides,” Opt. Express 18(19), 20529–20534 (2010).
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R. Spano, N. Daldosso, M. Cazzanelli, L. Ferraioli, L. Tartara, J. Yu, V. Degiorgio, E. Giordana, J. M. Fedeli, and L. Pavesi, “Bound electronic and free carrier nonlinearities in Silicon nanocrystals at 1550nm,” Opt. Express 17(5), 3941–3950 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Ruan, G. Veronis, K. L. Vodopyanov, M. M. Fejer, and S. Fan, “Enhancement of optics-to-THz conversion efficiency by metallic slot waveguides,” Opt. Express 17(16), 13502–13515 (2009).
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V. Grubsky and A. Savchenko, “Glass micro-fibers for efficient third harmonic generation,” Opt. Express 13(18), 6798–6806 (2005).
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Q. Lin, O. J. Painter, and G. P. Agrawal, “Nonlinear optical phenomena in silicon waveguides: Modeling and applications,” Opt. Express 15(25), 16604–16644 (2007).
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F. Qin, Z. M. Meng, X. L. Zhong, Y. Liu, and Z. Y. Li, “Fabrication of semiconductor-polymer compound nonlinear photonic crystal slab with highly uniform infiltration based on nano-imprint lithography technique,” Opt. Express 20(12), 13091–13099 (2012).
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J. Zhang, E. Cassan, D. Gao, and X. Zhang, “Highly efficient phase-matched second harmonic generation using an asymmetric plasmonic slot waveguide configuration in hybrid polymer-silicon photonics,” Opt. Express 21(12), 14876–14887 (2013).
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A. A. Sukhorukov, A. S. Solntsev, S. S. Kruk, D. N. Neshev, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Nonlinear coupled-mode theory for periodic plasmonic waveguides and meramaterials with loss and gain,” Opt. Lett. 39(3), 462–465 (2014).

M. M. J. W. van Herpen, S. Te Lintel Hekkert, S. E. Bisson, and F. J. M. Harren, “Wide single-mode tuning of a 3.0- 3.8-µm, 700-mW, continuous-wave Nd:YAG-pumped optical parametric oscillator based on periodically poled lithium niobate,” Opt. Lett. 27(8), 640–642 (2002).
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[Crossref]

Proc. SPIE (2)

A. Soibel, M. Wright, W. Farr, S. Keo, C. Hill, R. Q. Yang, and H. C. Liu, “Free space optical communication utilizing mid-infrared interband cascade laser,” Proc. SPIE 7587, 75870S (2010).
[Crossref]

N. S. Prasad, D. D. Smith, and J. R. Magee, “Data communication in mid-IR using a solid-state laser pumped optical parametric oscillator,” Proc. SPIE 4821, 214–224 (2002).
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H. K. Tsang and Y. Liu, “Nonlinear optical properties of silicon waveguides,” Semicond. Sci. Technol. 23(6), 064007 (2008).
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P. Sanchis, F. Cuesta-Soto, J. Blasco, J. García, A. Martínez, J. Marti, F. Riboli, and L. Pavesi, “All optical MZI XOR logic gate based on Si slot waveguides filled by Si-nc embedded in SiO2,” 3rd IEEE International Conf. on Group IV Photonics, 81–83 (2006).
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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Cross-section view of the proposed metal-hybrid-metal asymmetric plasmonic slot waveguide (MHM).
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Effective mode indices of the fundamental mode at FW and the first mode at TH as a function of the silicon slot width r in which the slot height is fixed to be h = 20 nm. ‘0’ stands for the fundamental mode, while ‘1’ stands for the first mode.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Electric field distributions of (a) fundamental mode at FW, (b) first mode at TH; (c) 1D normalized electric field distributions along the x cutline of y = 0 [as the horizontal dash lines shown in (a) and (b)].
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 (a) Silicon slot width r along with the modal overlap related | I 6 | , and (b) FOMs of FW and TH as a function of the slot height at different PMCs.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Fixed the pump power to be 1 W, (a) contour map of the conversion efficiency with different initial detuning constants, (b) optical power evolutions of FW and TH along the propagation distance with the optimized detuning of – 9500m−1, (c) conversion efficienncy and the corresponding detuning as a function of the slot height, (d) maximum output power P3(Lp) versus the pump power of FW.

Equations (17)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

× E ( r ,t)= μ 0 H ( r ,t) t
× E ( r ,t)=ε E ( r ,t) t + P NL t
E ( r ,t)= j 1 2 A ˜ j (z) Z 0 1/2 F j ( r ) exp[i( β j z ω j t)]+c.c.
H ( r ,t)= j 1 2 A ˜ j (z) Z 0 -1 /2 G j ( r ) exp[i( β j z ω j t)]+c.c.
d A ˜ j dz = Z 0 1/2 2 A NL exp[i( β j z ω j t)] F j * P NL t t dxdy
P NL = ε 0 χ (3) ( r )( E ( r ,t) E ( r ,t)) E ( r ,t)
A j = A ˜ j exp( α j z 2 )
P NL ' = ε 0 χ (3) ( r )( E ' ( r ,t) E ' ( r ,t)) E ' ( r ,t)
d A ˜ j dz = Z 0 1/2 2 exp( α j z 2 ) A NL exp[i( β j z ω j t)] F j * P NL ' t t dxdy
A 1 z = α 1 2 A 1 +i[( I 1 | A 1 | 2 + I 2 | A 3 | 2 ) A 1 + I 3 ( A 1 * ) 2 A 3 e iδβz ]
A 3 z = α 3 2 A 3 +i[( I 4 | A 1 | 2 + I 5 | A 3 | 2 ) A 3 + I 6 ( A 1 ) 3 e -iδβz ]
I 1 = 1 16 k 1 Z 0 χ (3) ( ω 1 , r ) A NL (2 | F 1 | 4 + | F 1 2 | 2 ) dS
I 2 = 1 8 k 1 Z 0 χ (3) ( ω 1 , r ) A NL ( | F 1 | 2 | F 3 | 2 + | F 1 F 3 | 2 + | F 1 F 3 * | 2 ) dS
I 3 = 3 16 k 1 Z 0 χ (3) ( ω 1 , r ) A NL ( F 1 * F 3 ) ( F 1 * F 1 * )dS
I 4 = 3 8 k 1 Z 0 χ (3) ( ω 3 , r ) A NL ( | F 1 | 2 | F 3 | 2 + | F 1 F 3 | 2 + | F 1 F 3 * | 2 ) dS
I 5 = 3 16 k 1 Z 0 χ (3) ( ω 3 , r ) A NL (2 | F 3 | 4 + | F 3 2 | 2 ) n 0 2 ( ω 3 , r )dS
I 6 = 3 16 k 1 Z 0 χ (3) ( ω 3 , r ) A NL ( F 1 F 3 * ) ( F 1 F 1 )dS

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