Abstract

We present experimental results for combined mode-multiplexed and wavelength multiplexed transmission over conventional graded-index multimode fibers. We use mode-selective photonic lanterns as mode couplers to precisely excite a subset of the modes of the multimode fiber and additionally to compensate for the differential group delay between the excited modes. Spatial mode filters are added to suppress undesired higher order modes. We transmit 30-Gbaud QPSK signals over 60 WDM channels, 3 spatial modes, and 2 polarizations, reaching a distance of 310 km based on a 44.3 km long span. We also report about transmission experiments over 6 spatial modes for a 17-km single-span experiment. The results indicate that multimode fibers support scalable mode-division multiplexing approaches, where modes can be added over time if desired. Also the results indicate that mode-multiplexed transmission distance over 300 km are possible in conventional multimode fibers.

© 2015 Optical Society of America

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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]

2014 (3)

E. Ip, M.-J. Li, K. Bennett, Y.-K. Huang, A. Tanaka, A. Korolev, K. Koreshkov, W. Wood, E. Mateo, J. Hu, and Y. Yano, “146λ × 6 × 19-Gbaud wavelength-and mode-division multiplexed transmission over 10 × 50-km spans of few-mode fiber with a gain-equalized few-mode EDFA,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 32, 790–797 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. Yerolatsitis, I. Gris-Sánchez, and T. A. Birks, “Adiabatically-tapered fiber mode multiplexers,” Opt. Express 22, 608–617 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Carpenter, S. G. Leon-Saval, J. R. Salazar-Gil, J. Bland-Hawthorn, G. Baxter, L. Stewart, S. Frisken, M. A. F. Roelens, B. J. Eggleton, and J. Schröder, “1×11 few-mode fiber wavelength selective switch using photonic lanterns,” Opt. Express 22, 2216–2221 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2012 (3)

R. Ryf, S. Randel, A. Gnauck, C. Bolle, A. Sierra, S. Mumtaz, M. Esmaeelpour, E. Burrows, R. Essiambre, P. Winzer, D. Peckham, A. McCurdy, and R. Lingle, “Mode-division multiplexing over 96 km of few-mode fiber using coherent 6 × 6 MIMO processing,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 30, 521–531 (2012).
[Crossref]

B. Franz and H. Bulow, “Experimental evaluation of principal mode groups as high-speed transmission channels in spatial multiplex systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 1363–1365 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Carpenter and T. Wilkinson, “Characterization of multimode fiber by selective mode excitation,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 30, 1386–1392 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (2)

J. Bland-Hawthorn, S. Ellis, S. Leon-Saval, R. Haynes, M. Roth, H.-G. Löhmannsröben, A. Horton, J.-G. Cuby, T. A. Birks, J. Lawrence, P. Gillingham, S. D. Ryder, and C. Trinh, “A complex multi-notch astronomical filter to suppress the bright infrared sky,” Nature communications 2, 581 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. D. Downie, J. E. Hurley, D. V. Kuksenkov, C. M. Lynn, A. E. Korolev, and V. N. Nazarov, “Transmission of 112 Gb/s PM-QPSK signals over up to 635 km of multimode optical fiber,” Opt. Express 19, B363–B369 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (1)

R.-J. Essiambre, G. Kramer, P. J. Winzer, G. J. Foschini, and B. Goebel, “Capacity limits of optical fiber networks,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 28, 662–701 (2010).
[Crossref]

2005 (1)

A. R. Shah, R. C. J. Hsu, A. Tarighat, A. H. Sayed, and B. Jalali, “Coherent optical MIMO (COMIMO),” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 2410–2419 (2005).
[Crossref]

2003 (1)

G. VanWiggeren and D. Baney, “Swept-wavelength interferometric analysis of multiport components,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1267–1269 (2003).
[Crossref]

2000 (1)

H. R. Stuart, “Dispersive multiplexing in multimode optical fiber,” Science 289, 281–283 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1982 (1)

Adamiecki, A.

R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, B. Guan, B. Huang, M. Esmaeelpour, S. Randel, A. H. Gnauck, S. Chandrasekhar, A. Adamiecki, G. Raybon, R. W. Tkach, R. Shubochkin, Y. Sun, and R. J. Lingle, “305-km combined wavelength and mode-multiplexed transmission over conventional graded-index multimode fibre,” in Optical Communication (ECOC 2014), 40th European Conference and Exhibition on, paper PD-3.5.

Baney, D.

G. VanWiggeren and D. Baney, “Swept-wavelength interferometric analysis of multiport components,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1267–1269 (2003).
[Crossref]

Baxter, G.

Bennett, K.

E. Ip, M.-J. Li, K. Bennett, Y.-K. Huang, A. Tanaka, A. Korolev, K. Koreshkov, W. Wood, E. Mateo, J. Hu, and Y. Yano, “146λ × 6 × 19-Gbaud wavelength-and mode-division multiplexed transmission over 10 × 50-km spans of few-mode fiber with a gain-equalized few-mode EDFA,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 32, 790–797 (2014).
[Crossref]

Berdague, S.

Bergmans, J. W. M.

M. de Boer, C. P. Tsekrekos, A. Martinez, H. Kurniawan, J. W. M. Bergmans, A. M. J. Koonen, H. P. A. van den Boom, and F. M. J. Willems, “A first demonstrator for a mode group diversity multiplexing communication system,” in Proc. IEE Seminar (Ref Optical Fibre Communications and Electronic Signal Processing No. 2005-11310), (IEE, 2005), pp. 16/1.

Birks, T. A.

S. Yerolatsitis, I. Gris-Sánchez, and T. A. Birks, “Adiabatically-tapered fiber mode multiplexers,” Opt. Express 22, 608–617 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Bland-Hawthorn, S. Ellis, S. Leon-Saval, R. Haynes, M. Roth, H.-G. Löhmannsröben, A. Horton, J.-G. Cuby, T. A. Birks, J. Lawrence, P. Gillingham, S. D. Ryder, and C. Trinh, “A complex multi-notch astronomical filter to suppress the bright infrared sky,” Nature communications 2, 581 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bland-Hawthorn, J.

J. Carpenter, S. G. Leon-Saval, J. R. Salazar-Gil, J. Bland-Hawthorn, G. Baxter, L. Stewart, S. Frisken, M. A. F. Roelens, B. J. Eggleton, and J. Schröder, “1×11 few-mode fiber wavelength selective switch using photonic lanterns,” Opt. Express 22, 2216–2221 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Bland-Hawthorn, S. Ellis, S. Leon-Saval, R. Haynes, M. Roth, H.-G. Löhmannsröben, A. Horton, J.-G. Cuby, T. A. Birks, J. Lawrence, P. Gillingham, S. D. Ryder, and C. Trinh, “A complex multi-notch astronomical filter to suppress the bright infrared sky,” Nature communications 2, 581 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Fontaine, S. Leon-Saval, R. Ryf, J. Gil, B. Ercan, and J. Bland-Hawthorn, “Mode-selective dissimilar fiber photonic-lantern spatial multiplexers for few-mode fiber,” in Optical Communication (ECOC 2013), 39th European Conference and Exhibition on, paper PD1-C-3.

R. Ryf, N. Fontaine, J. Dunayevsky, D. Sinefeld, M. Blau, M. Montoliu, S. Randel, C. Liu, B. Ercan, M. Esmaeelpour, S. Chandrasekhar, A. Gnauck, S. Leon-Saval, J. Bland-Hawthorn, J. Salazar-Gil, Y. Sun, L. Gruner-Nielsen, R. Lingle, and D. Marom, “Wavelength-selective switch for few-mode fiber transmission,” in Optical Communication (ECOC 2013), 39th European Conference and Exhibition on, PD1-C-4 (2013).
[Crossref]

R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, M. A. Mestre, S. Randel, X. Palou, C. Bolle, A. H. Gnauck, S. Chandrasekhar, X. Liu, B. Guan, R.-J. Essiambre, P. J. Winzer, S. Leon-Saval, J. Bland-Hawthorn, R. Delbue, P. Pupalaikis, A. Sureka, Y. Sun, L. Grüner-Nielsen, R. V. Jensen, and R. Lingle, “12 × 12 MIMO transmission over 130-km few-mode fiber,” in Frontiers in Optics 2012/Laser Science XXVIII, (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper FW6-C.4.
[Crossref]

Blau, M.

R. Ryf, N. Fontaine, J. Dunayevsky, D. Sinefeld, M. Blau, M. Montoliu, S. Randel, C. Liu, B. Ercan, M. Esmaeelpour, S. Chandrasekhar, A. Gnauck, S. Leon-Saval, J. Bland-Hawthorn, J. Salazar-Gil, Y. Sun, L. Gruner-Nielsen, R. Lingle, and D. Marom, “Wavelength-selective switch for few-mode fiber transmission,” in Optical Communication (ECOC 2013), 39th European Conference and Exhibition on, PD1-C-4 (2013).
[Crossref]

Bolle, C.

R. Ryf, S. Randel, A. Gnauck, C. Bolle, A. Sierra, S. Mumtaz, M. Esmaeelpour, E. Burrows, R. Essiambre, P. Winzer, D. Peckham, A. McCurdy, and R. Lingle, “Mode-division multiplexing over 96 km of few-mode fiber using coherent 6 × 6 MIMO processing,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 30, 521–531 (2012).
[Crossref]

R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, M. A. Mestre, S. Randel, X. Palou, C. Bolle, A. H. Gnauck, S. Chandrasekhar, X. Liu, B. Guan, R.-J. Essiambre, P. J. Winzer, S. Leon-Saval, J. Bland-Hawthorn, R. Delbue, P. Pupalaikis, A. Sureka, Y. Sun, L. Grüner-Nielsen, R. V. Jensen, and R. Lingle, “12 × 12 MIMO transmission over 130-km few-mode fiber,” in Frontiers in Optics 2012/Laser Science XXVIII, (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper FW6-C.4.
[Crossref]

R. Ryf, S. Randel, A. H. Gnauck, C. Bolle, R.-J. Essiambre, P. J. Winzer, D. W. Peckham, A. McCurdy, and R. Lingle, “Space-division multiplexing over 10 km of three-mode fiber using coherent 6 × 6 MIMO processing,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference 2011, (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper PDP-B-10.
[Crossref]

Bulow, H.

B. Franz and H. Bulow, “Experimental evaluation of principal mode groups as high-speed transmission channels in spatial multiplex systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 1363–1365 (2012).
[Crossref]

Burrows, E.

R. Ryf, S. Randel, A. Gnauck, C. Bolle, A. Sierra, S. Mumtaz, M. Esmaeelpour, E. Burrows, R. Essiambre, P. Winzer, D. Peckham, A. McCurdy, and R. Lingle, “Mode-division multiplexing over 96 km of few-mode fiber using coherent 6 × 6 MIMO processing,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 30, 521–531 (2012).
[Crossref]

R. Ryf, S. Randel, N. K. Fontaine, M. Montoliu, E. Burrows, S. Chandrasekhar, A. H. Gnauck, C. Xie, R.-J. Essiambre, P. Winzer, R. Delbue, P. Pupalaikis, A. Sureka, Y. Sun, L. Gruner-Nielsen, R. V. Jensen, and R. Lingle, “32-bit/s/Hz spectral efficiency WDM transmission over 177-km few-mode fiber,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference 2013, (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper PDP5A.1.
[Crossref]

Carpenter, J.

J. Carpenter, S. G. Leon-Saval, J. R. Salazar-Gil, J. Bland-Hawthorn, G. Baxter, L. Stewart, S. Frisken, M. A. F. Roelens, B. J. Eggleton, and J. Schröder, “1×11 few-mode fiber wavelength selective switch using photonic lanterns,” Opt. Express 22, 2216–2221 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Carpenter and T. Wilkinson, “Characterization of multimode fiber by selective mode excitation,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 30, 1386–1392 (2012).
[Crossref]

K. Shi, G. Gordon, M. Paskov, J. Carpenter, T. Wilkinson, and B. Thomsen, “Degenerate mode-group division multiplexing using MIMO digital signal processing,” in Photonics Society Summer Topical Meeting Series, (IEEE, 2013), pp. 141–142.
[Crossref]

Chandrasekhar, S.

R. Ryf, N. Fontaine, J. Dunayevsky, D. Sinefeld, M. Blau, M. Montoliu, S. Randel, C. Liu, B. Ercan, M. Esmaeelpour, S. Chandrasekhar, A. Gnauck, S. Leon-Saval, J. Bland-Hawthorn, J. Salazar-Gil, Y. Sun, L. Gruner-Nielsen, R. Lingle, and D. Marom, “Wavelength-selective switch for few-mode fiber transmission,” in Optical Communication (ECOC 2013), 39th European Conference and Exhibition on, PD1-C-4 (2013).
[Crossref]

R. Ryf, S. Randel, N. K. Fontaine, M. Montoliu, E. Burrows, S. Chandrasekhar, A. H. Gnauck, C. Xie, R.-J. Essiambre, P. Winzer, R. Delbue, P. Pupalaikis, A. Sureka, Y. Sun, L. Gruner-Nielsen, R. V. Jensen, and R. Lingle, “32-bit/s/Hz spectral efficiency WDM transmission over 177-km few-mode fiber,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference 2013, (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper PDP5A.1.
[Crossref]

R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, M. A. Mestre, S. Randel, X. Palou, C. Bolle, A. H. Gnauck, S. Chandrasekhar, X. Liu, B. Guan, R.-J. Essiambre, P. J. Winzer, S. Leon-Saval, J. Bland-Hawthorn, R. Delbue, P. Pupalaikis, A. Sureka, Y. Sun, L. Grüner-Nielsen, R. V. Jensen, and R. Lingle, “12 × 12 MIMO transmission over 130-km few-mode fiber,” in Frontiers in Optics 2012/Laser Science XXVIII, (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper FW6-C.4.
[Crossref]

R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, B. Guan, B. Huang, M. Esmaeelpour, S. Randel, A. H. Gnauck, S. Chandrasekhar, A. Adamiecki, G. Raybon, R. W. Tkach, R. Shubochkin, Y. Sun, and R. J. Lingle, “305-km combined wavelength and mode-multiplexed transmission over conventional graded-index multimode fibre,” in Optical Communication (ECOC 2014), 40th European Conference and Exhibition on, paper PD-3.5.

Chen, H.

R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, H. Chen, B. Guan, S. Randel, N. Sauer, S. Yoo, A. Koonen, R. Delbue, P. Pupalaikis, A. Sureka, R. Shubochkin, Y. Sun, and R. Lingle, “23 Tbit/s transmission over 17-km conventional 50 um graded-index multimode fiber,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference 2014, (Optical Society of America, 2014), paper Th5B.1.

Cuby, J.-G.

J. Bland-Hawthorn, S. Ellis, S. Leon-Saval, R. Haynes, M. Roth, H.-G. Löhmannsröben, A. Horton, J.-G. Cuby, T. A. Birks, J. Lawrence, P. Gillingham, S. D. Ryder, and C. Trinh, “A complex multi-notch astronomical filter to suppress the bright infrared sky,” Nature communications 2, 581 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

de Boer, M.

M. de Boer, C. P. Tsekrekos, A. Martinez, H. Kurniawan, J. W. M. Bergmans, A. M. J. Koonen, H. P. A. van den Boom, and F. M. J. Willems, “A first demonstrator for a mode group diversity multiplexing communication system,” in Proc. IEE Seminar (Ref Optical Fibre Communications and Electronic Signal Processing No. 2005-11310), (IEE, 2005), pp. 16/1.

Delbue, R.

R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, M. A. Mestre, S. Randel, X. Palou, C. Bolle, A. H. Gnauck, S. Chandrasekhar, X. Liu, B. Guan, R.-J. Essiambre, P. J. Winzer, S. Leon-Saval, J. Bland-Hawthorn, R. Delbue, P. Pupalaikis, A. Sureka, Y. Sun, L. Grüner-Nielsen, R. V. Jensen, and R. Lingle, “12 × 12 MIMO transmission over 130-km few-mode fiber,” in Frontiers in Optics 2012/Laser Science XXVIII, (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper FW6-C.4.
[Crossref]

R. Ryf, S. Randel, N. K. Fontaine, M. Montoliu, E. Burrows, S. Chandrasekhar, A. H. Gnauck, C. Xie, R.-J. Essiambre, P. Winzer, R. Delbue, P. Pupalaikis, A. Sureka, Y. Sun, L. Gruner-Nielsen, R. V. Jensen, and R. Lingle, “32-bit/s/Hz spectral efficiency WDM transmission over 177-km few-mode fiber,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference 2013, (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper PDP5A.1.
[Crossref]

S. Randel, R. Ryf, A. Gnauck, M. Mestre, C. Schmidt, R. Essiambre, P. Winzer, R. Delbue, P. Pupalaikis, A. Sureka, Y. Sun, X. Jiang, and R. Lingle, “Mode-multiplexed 6×20-GBd QPSK transmission over 1200-km DGD-compensated few-mode fiber,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference 2012, (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper PDP5C.5.

R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, H. Chen, B. Guan, S. Randel, N. Sauer, S. Yoo, A. Koonen, R. Delbue, P. Pupalaikis, A. Sureka, R. Shubochkin, Y. Sun, and R. Lingle, “23 Tbit/s transmission over 17-km conventional 50 um graded-index multimode fiber,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference 2014, (Optical Society of America, 2014), paper Th5B.1.

Downie, J. D.

Dunayevsky, J.

R. Ryf, N. Fontaine, J. Dunayevsky, D. Sinefeld, M. Blau, M. Montoliu, S. Randel, C. Liu, B. Ercan, M. Esmaeelpour, S. Chandrasekhar, A. Gnauck, S. Leon-Saval, J. Bland-Hawthorn, J. Salazar-Gil, Y. Sun, L. Gruner-Nielsen, R. Lingle, and D. Marom, “Wavelength-selective switch for few-mode fiber transmission,” in Optical Communication (ECOC 2013), 39th European Conference and Exhibition on, PD1-C-4 (2013).
[Crossref]

Eggleton, B. J.

Ellis, S.

J. Bland-Hawthorn, S. Ellis, S. Leon-Saval, R. Haynes, M. Roth, H.-G. Löhmannsröben, A. Horton, J.-G. Cuby, T. A. Birks, J. Lawrence, P. Gillingham, S. D. Ryder, and C. Trinh, “A complex multi-notch astronomical filter to suppress the bright infrared sky,” Nature communications 2, 581 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ercan, B.

N. Fontaine, S. Leon-Saval, R. Ryf, J. Gil, B. Ercan, and J. Bland-Hawthorn, “Mode-selective dissimilar fiber photonic-lantern spatial multiplexers for few-mode fiber,” in Optical Communication (ECOC 2013), 39th European Conference and Exhibition on, paper PD1-C-3.

R. Ryf, N. Fontaine, J. Dunayevsky, D. Sinefeld, M. Blau, M. Montoliu, S. Randel, C. Liu, B. Ercan, M. Esmaeelpour, S. Chandrasekhar, A. Gnauck, S. Leon-Saval, J. Bland-Hawthorn, J. Salazar-Gil, Y. Sun, L. Gruner-Nielsen, R. Lingle, and D. Marom, “Wavelength-selective switch for few-mode fiber transmission,” in Optical Communication (ECOC 2013), 39th European Conference and Exhibition on, PD1-C-4 (2013).
[Crossref]

Esmaeelpour, M.

R. Ryf, S. Randel, A. Gnauck, C. Bolle, A. Sierra, S. Mumtaz, M. Esmaeelpour, E. Burrows, R. Essiambre, P. Winzer, D. Peckham, A. McCurdy, and R. Lingle, “Mode-division multiplexing over 96 km of few-mode fiber using coherent 6 × 6 MIMO processing,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 30, 521–531 (2012).
[Crossref]

R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, B. Guan, B. Huang, M. Esmaeelpour, S. Randel, A. H. Gnauck, S. Chandrasekhar, A. Adamiecki, G. Raybon, R. W. Tkach, R. Shubochkin, Y. Sun, and R. J. Lingle, “305-km combined wavelength and mode-multiplexed transmission over conventional graded-index multimode fibre,” in Optical Communication (ECOC 2014), 40th European Conference and Exhibition on, paper PD-3.5.

R. Ryf, N. Fontaine, J. Dunayevsky, D. Sinefeld, M. Blau, M. Montoliu, S. Randel, C. Liu, B. Ercan, M. Esmaeelpour, S. Chandrasekhar, A. Gnauck, S. Leon-Saval, J. Bland-Hawthorn, J. Salazar-Gil, Y. Sun, L. Gruner-Nielsen, R. Lingle, and D. Marom, “Wavelength-selective switch for few-mode fiber transmission,” in Optical Communication (ECOC 2013), 39th European Conference and Exhibition on, PD1-C-4 (2013).
[Crossref]

Essiambre, R.

R. Ryf, S. Randel, A. Gnauck, C. Bolle, A. Sierra, S. Mumtaz, M. Esmaeelpour, E. Burrows, R. Essiambre, P. Winzer, D. Peckham, A. McCurdy, and R. Lingle, “Mode-division multiplexing over 96 km of few-mode fiber using coherent 6 × 6 MIMO processing,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 30, 521–531 (2012).
[Crossref]

S. Randel, R. Ryf, A. Gnauck, M. Mestre, C. Schmidt, R. Essiambre, P. Winzer, R. Delbue, P. Pupalaikis, A. Sureka, Y. Sun, X. Jiang, and R. Lingle, “Mode-multiplexed 6×20-GBd QPSK transmission over 1200-km DGD-compensated few-mode fiber,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference 2012, (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper PDP5C.5.

Essiambre, R.-J.

R.-J. Essiambre, G. Kramer, P. J. Winzer, G. J. Foschini, and B. Goebel, “Capacity limits of optical fiber networks,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 28, 662–701 (2010).
[Crossref]

R. Ryf, S. Randel, A. H. Gnauck, C. Bolle, R.-J. Essiambre, P. J. Winzer, D. W. Peckham, A. McCurdy, and R. Lingle, “Space-division multiplexing over 10 km of three-mode fiber using coherent 6 × 6 MIMO processing,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference 2011, (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper PDP-B-10.
[Crossref]

R. Ryf, S. Randel, N. K. Fontaine, M. Montoliu, E. Burrows, S. Chandrasekhar, A. H. Gnauck, C. Xie, R.-J. Essiambre, P. Winzer, R. Delbue, P. Pupalaikis, A. Sureka, Y. Sun, L. Gruner-Nielsen, R. V. Jensen, and R. Lingle, “32-bit/s/Hz spectral efficiency WDM transmission over 177-km few-mode fiber,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference 2013, (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper PDP5A.1.
[Crossref]

R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, M. A. Mestre, S. Randel, X. Palou, C. Bolle, A. H. Gnauck, S. Chandrasekhar, X. Liu, B. Guan, R.-J. Essiambre, P. J. Winzer, S. Leon-Saval, J. Bland-Hawthorn, R. Delbue, P. Pupalaikis, A. Sureka, Y. Sun, L. Grüner-Nielsen, R. V. Jensen, and R. Lingle, “12 × 12 MIMO transmission over 130-km few-mode fiber,” in Frontiers in Optics 2012/Laser Science XXVIII, (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper FW6-C.4.
[Crossref]

Facq, P.

Fontaine, N.

N. Fontaine, R. Ryf, M. Mestre, B. Guan, X. Palou, S. Randel, Y. Sun, L. Gruner-Nielsen, R. Jensen, and R. Lingle, “Characterization of space-division multiplexing systems using a swept-wavelength interferometer,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference 2013, (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper OW1K.2.
[Crossref]

N. Fontaine and R. Ryf, “Characterization of mode-dependent loss of laser inscribed photonic lanterns for space division multiplexing systems,” in OptoElectronics and Communications Conference held jointly with 2013 International Conference on Photonics in Switching (OECC/PS), (Institute of Electronics, Information and Communication Engineers, 2013), paper MR2-2.

R. Ryf, N. Fontaine, J. Dunayevsky, D. Sinefeld, M. Blau, M. Montoliu, S. Randel, C. Liu, B. Ercan, M. Esmaeelpour, S. Chandrasekhar, A. Gnauck, S. Leon-Saval, J. Bland-Hawthorn, J. Salazar-Gil, Y. Sun, L. Gruner-Nielsen, R. Lingle, and D. Marom, “Wavelength-selective switch for few-mode fiber transmission,” in Optical Communication (ECOC 2013), 39th European Conference and Exhibition on, PD1-C-4 (2013).
[Crossref]

N. Fontaine, S. Leon-Saval, R. Ryf, J. Gil, B. Ercan, and J. Bland-Hawthorn, “Mode-selective dissimilar fiber photonic-lantern spatial multiplexers for few-mode fiber,” in Optical Communication (ECOC 2013), 39th European Conference and Exhibition on, paper PD1-C-3.

Fontaine, N. K.

R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, B. Guan, B. Huang, M. Esmaeelpour, S. Randel, A. H. Gnauck, S. Chandrasekhar, A. Adamiecki, G. Raybon, R. W. Tkach, R. Shubochkin, Y. Sun, and R. J. Lingle, “305-km combined wavelength and mode-multiplexed transmission over conventional graded-index multimode fibre,” in Optical Communication (ECOC 2014), 40th European Conference and Exhibition on, paper PD-3.5.

R. Ryf, S. Randel, N. K. Fontaine, M. Montoliu, E. Burrows, S. Chandrasekhar, A. H. Gnauck, C. Xie, R.-J. Essiambre, P. Winzer, R. Delbue, P. Pupalaikis, A. Sureka, Y. Sun, L. Gruner-Nielsen, R. V. Jensen, and R. Lingle, “32-bit/s/Hz spectral efficiency WDM transmission over 177-km few-mode fiber,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference 2013, (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper PDP5A.1.
[Crossref]

R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, M. A. Mestre, S. Randel, X. Palou, C. Bolle, A. H. Gnauck, S. Chandrasekhar, X. Liu, B. Guan, R.-J. Essiambre, P. J. Winzer, S. Leon-Saval, J. Bland-Hawthorn, R. Delbue, P. Pupalaikis, A. Sureka, Y. Sun, L. Grüner-Nielsen, R. V. Jensen, and R. Lingle, “12 × 12 MIMO transmission over 130-km few-mode fiber,” in Frontiers in Optics 2012/Laser Science XXVIII, (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper FW6-C.4.
[Crossref]

R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, H. Chen, B. Guan, S. Randel, N. Sauer, S. Yoo, A. Koonen, R. Delbue, P. Pupalaikis, A. Sureka, R. Shubochkin, Y. Sun, and R. Lingle, “23 Tbit/s transmission over 17-km conventional 50 um graded-index multimode fiber,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference 2014, (Optical Society of America, 2014), paper Th5B.1.

Foschini, G. J.

R.-J. Essiambre, G. Kramer, P. J. Winzer, G. J. Foschini, and B. Goebel, “Capacity limits of optical fiber networks,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 28, 662–701 (2010).
[Crossref]

Franz, B.

B. Franz and H. Bulow, “Experimental evaluation of principal mode groups as high-speed transmission channels in spatial multiplex systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 1363–1365 (2012).
[Crossref]

Frisken, S.

Gil, J.

N. Fontaine, S. Leon-Saval, R. Ryf, J. Gil, B. Ercan, and J. Bland-Hawthorn, “Mode-selective dissimilar fiber photonic-lantern spatial multiplexers for few-mode fiber,” in Optical Communication (ECOC 2013), 39th European Conference and Exhibition on, paper PD1-C-3.

Gillingham, P.

J. Bland-Hawthorn, S. Ellis, S. Leon-Saval, R. Haynes, M. Roth, H.-G. Löhmannsröben, A. Horton, J.-G. Cuby, T. A. Birks, J. Lawrence, P. Gillingham, S. D. Ryder, and C. Trinh, “A complex multi-notch astronomical filter to suppress the bright infrared sky,” Nature communications 2, 581 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gnauck, A.

R. Ryf, S. Randel, A. Gnauck, C. Bolle, A. Sierra, S. Mumtaz, M. Esmaeelpour, E. Burrows, R. Essiambre, P. Winzer, D. Peckham, A. McCurdy, and R. Lingle, “Mode-division multiplexing over 96 km of few-mode fiber using coherent 6 × 6 MIMO processing,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 30, 521–531 (2012).
[Crossref]

R. Ryf, N. Fontaine, J. Dunayevsky, D. Sinefeld, M. Blau, M. Montoliu, S. Randel, C. Liu, B. Ercan, M. Esmaeelpour, S. Chandrasekhar, A. Gnauck, S. Leon-Saval, J. Bland-Hawthorn, J. Salazar-Gil, Y. Sun, L. Gruner-Nielsen, R. Lingle, and D. Marom, “Wavelength-selective switch for few-mode fiber transmission,” in Optical Communication (ECOC 2013), 39th European Conference and Exhibition on, PD1-C-4 (2013).
[Crossref]

S. Randel, R. Ryf, A. Gnauck, M. Mestre, C. Schmidt, R. Essiambre, P. Winzer, R. Delbue, P. Pupalaikis, A. Sureka, Y. Sun, X. Jiang, and R. Lingle, “Mode-multiplexed 6×20-GBd QPSK transmission over 1200-km DGD-compensated few-mode fiber,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference 2012, (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper PDP5C.5.

Gnauck, A. H.

R. Ryf, S. Randel, A. H. Gnauck, C. Bolle, R.-J. Essiambre, P. J. Winzer, D. W. Peckham, A. McCurdy, and R. Lingle, “Space-division multiplexing over 10 km of three-mode fiber using coherent 6 × 6 MIMO processing,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference 2011, (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper PDP-B-10.
[Crossref]

R. Ryf, S. Randel, N. K. Fontaine, M. Montoliu, E. Burrows, S. Chandrasekhar, A. H. Gnauck, C. Xie, R.-J. Essiambre, P. Winzer, R. Delbue, P. Pupalaikis, A. Sureka, Y. Sun, L. Gruner-Nielsen, R. V. Jensen, and R. Lingle, “32-bit/s/Hz spectral efficiency WDM transmission over 177-km few-mode fiber,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference 2013, (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper PDP5A.1.
[Crossref]

R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, M. A. Mestre, S. Randel, X. Palou, C. Bolle, A. H. Gnauck, S. Chandrasekhar, X. Liu, B. Guan, R.-J. Essiambre, P. J. Winzer, S. Leon-Saval, J. Bland-Hawthorn, R. Delbue, P. Pupalaikis, A. Sureka, Y. Sun, L. Grüner-Nielsen, R. V. Jensen, and R. Lingle, “12 × 12 MIMO transmission over 130-km few-mode fiber,” in Frontiers in Optics 2012/Laser Science XXVIII, (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper FW6-C.4.
[Crossref]

R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, B. Guan, B. Huang, M. Esmaeelpour, S. Randel, A. H. Gnauck, S. Chandrasekhar, A. Adamiecki, G. Raybon, R. W. Tkach, R. Shubochkin, Y. Sun, and R. J. Lingle, “305-km combined wavelength and mode-multiplexed transmission over conventional graded-index multimode fibre,” in Optical Communication (ECOC 2014), 40th European Conference and Exhibition on, paper PD-3.5.

Goebel, B.

R.-J. Essiambre, G. Kramer, P. J. Winzer, G. J. Foschini, and B. Goebel, “Capacity limits of optical fiber networks,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 28, 662–701 (2010).
[Crossref]

Gordon, G.

K. Shi, G. Gordon, M. Paskov, J. Carpenter, T. Wilkinson, and B. Thomsen, “Degenerate mode-group division multiplexing using MIMO digital signal processing,” in Photonics Society Summer Topical Meeting Series, (IEEE, 2013), pp. 141–142.
[Crossref]

Gris-Sánchez, I.

Gruner-Nielsen, L.

N. Fontaine, R. Ryf, M. Mestre, B. Guan, X. Palou, S. Randel, Y. Sun, L. Gruner-Nielsen, R. Jensen, and R. Lingle, “Characterization of space-division multiplexing systems using a swept-wavelength interferometer,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference 2013, (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper OW1K.2.
[Crossref]

R. Ryf, N. Fontaine, J. Dunayevsky, D. Sinefeld, M. Blau, M. Montoliu, S. Randel, C. Liu, B. Ercan, M. Esmaeelpour, S. Chandrasekhar, A. Gnauck, S. Leon-Saval, J. Bland-Hawthorn, J. Salazar-Gil, Y. Sun, L. Gruner-Nielsen, R. Lingle, and D. Marom, “Wavelength-selective switch for few-mode fiber transmission,” in Optical Communication (ECOC 2013), 39th European Conference and Exhibition on, PD1-C-4 (2013).
[Crossref]

R. Ryf, S. Randel, N. K. Fontaine, M. Montoliu, E. Burrows, S. Chandrasekhar, A. H. Gnauck, C. Xie, R.-J. Essiambre, P. Winzer, R. Delbue, P. Pupalaikis, A. Sureka, Y. Sun, L. Gruner-Nielsen, R. V. Jensen, and R. Lingle, “32-bit/s/Hz spectral efficiency WDM transmission over 177-km few-mode fiber,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference 2013, (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper PDP5A.1.
[Crossref]

Grüner-Nielsen, L.

R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, M. A. Mestre, S. Randel, X. Palou, C. Bolle, A. H. Gnauck, S. Chandrasekhar, X. Liu, B. Guan, R.-J. Essiambre, P. J. Winzer, S. Leon-Saval, J. Bland-Hawthorn, R. Delbue, P. Pupalaikis, A. Sureka, Y. Sun, L. Grüner-Nielsen, R. V. Jensen, and R. Lingle, “12 × 12 MIMO transmission over 130-km few-mode fiber,” in Frontiers in Optics 2012/Laser Science XXVIII, (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper FW6-C.4.
[Crossref]

Guan, B.

R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, M. A. Mestre, S. Randel, X. Palou, C. Bolle, A. H. Gnauck, S. Chandrasekhar, X. Liu, B. Guan, R.-J. Essiambre, P. J. Winzer, S. Leon-Saval, J. Bland-Hawthorn, R. Delbue, P. Pupalaikis, A. Sureka, Y. Sun, L. Grüner-Nielsen, R. V. Jensen, and R. Lingle, “12 × 12 MIMO transmission over 130-km few-mode fiber,” in Frontiers in Optics 2012/Laser Science XXVIII, (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper FW6-C.4.
[Crossref]

R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, B. Guan, B. Huang, M. Esmaeelpour, S. Randel, A. H. Gnauck, S. Chandrasekhar, A. Adamiecki, G. Raybon, R. W. Tkach, R. Shubochkin, Y. Sun, and R. J. Lingle, “305-km combined wavelength and mode-multiplexed transmission over conventional graded-index multimode fibre,” in Optical Communication (ECOC 2014), 40th European Conference and Exhibition on, paper PD-3.5.

R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, H. Chen, B. Guan, S. Randel, N. Sauer, S. Yoo, A. Koonen, R. Delbue, P. Pupalaikis, A. Sureka, R. Shubochkin, Y. Sun, and R. Lingle, “23 Tbit/s transmission over 17-km conventional 50 um graded-index multimode fiber,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference 2014, (Optical Society of America, 2014), paper Th5B.1.

N. Fontaine, R. Ryf, M. Mestre, B. Guan, X. Palou, S. Randel, Y. Sun, L. Gruner-Nielsen, R. Jensen, and R. Lingle, “Characterization of space-division multiplexing systems using a swept-wavelength interferometer,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference 2013, (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper OW1K.2.
[Crossref]

Haynes, R.

J. Bland-Hawthorn, S. Ellis, S. Leon-Saval, R. Haynes, M. Roth, H.-G. Löhmannsröben, A. Horton, J.-G. Cuby, T. A. Birks, J. Lawrence, P. Gillingham, S. D. Ryder, and C. Trinh, “A complex multi-notch astronomical filter to suppress the bright infrared sky,” Nature communications 2, 581 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Horton, A.

J. Bland-Hawthorn, S. Ellis, S. Leon-Saval, R. Haynes, M. Roth, H.-G. Löhmannsröben, A. Horton, J.-G. Cuby, T. A. Birks, J. Lawrence, P. Gillingham, S. D. Ryder, and C. Trinh, “A complex multi-notch astronomical filter to suppress the bright infrared sky,” Nature communications 2, 581 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hsu, R. C. J.

A. R. Shah, R. C. J. Hsu, A. Tarighat, A. H. Sayed, and B. Jalali, “Coherent optical MIMO (COMIMO),” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 2410–2419 (2005).
[Crossref]

Hu, J.

E. Ip, M.-J. Li, K. Bennett, Y.-K. Huang, A. Tanaka, A. Korolev, K. Koreshkov, W. Wood, E. Mateo, J. Hu, and Y. Yano, “146λ × 6 × 19-Gbaud wavelength-and mode-division multiplexed transmission over 10 × 50-km spans of few-mode fiber with a gain-equalized few-mode EDFA,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 32, 790–797 (2014).
[Crossref]

Huang, B.

R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, B. Guan, B. Huang, M. Esmaeelpour, S. Randel, A. H. Gnauck, S. Chandrasekhar, A. Adamiecki, G. Raybon, R. W. Tkach, R. Shubochkin, Y. Sun, and R. J. Lingle, “305-km combined wavelength and mode-multiplexed transmission over conventional graded-index multimode fibre,” in Optical Communication (ECOC 2014), 40th European Conference and Exhibition on, paper PD-3.5.

Huang, Y.-K.

E. Ip, M.-J. Li, K. Bennett, Y.-K. Huang, A. Tanaka, A. Korolev, K. Koreshkov, W. Wood, E. Mateo, J. Hu, and Y. Yano, “146λ × 6 × 19-Gbaud wavelength-and mode-division multiplexed transmission over 10 × 50-km spans of few-mode fiber with a gain-equalized few-mode EDFA,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 32, 790–797 (2014).
[Crossref]

Hurley, J. E.

Ip, E.

E. Ip, M.-J. Li, K. Bennett, Y.-K. Huang, A. Tanaka, A. Korolev, K. Koreshkov, W. Wood, E. Mateo, J. Hu, and Y. Yano, “146λ × 6 × 19-Gbaud wavelength-and mode-division multiplexed transmission over 10 × 50-km spans of few-mode fiber with a gain-equalized few-mode EDFA,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 32, 790–797 (2014).
[Crossref]

Jalali, B.

A. R. Shah, R. C. J. Hsu, A. Tarighat, A. H. Sayed, and B. Jalali, “Coherent optical MIMO (COMIMO),” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 2410–2419 (2005).
[Crossref]

Jensen, R.

N. Fontaine, R. Ryf, M. Mestre, B. Guan, X. Palou, S. Randel, Y. Sun, L. Gruner-Nielsen, R. Jensen, and R. Lingle, “Characterization of space-division multiplexing systems using a swept-wavelength interferometer,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference 2013, (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper OW1K.2.
[Crossref]

Jensen, R. V.

R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, M. A. Mestre, S. Randel, X. Palou, C. Bolle, A. H. Gnauck, S. Chandrasekhar, X. Liu, B. Guan, R.-J. Essiambre, P. J. Winzer, S. Leon-Saval, J. Bland-Hawthorn, R. Delbue, P. Pupalaikis, A. Sureka, Y. Sun, L. Grüner-Nielsen, R. V. Jensen, and R. Lingle, “12 × 12 MIMO transmission over 130-km few-mode fiber,” in Frontiers in Optics 2012/Laser Science XXVIII, (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper FW6-C.4.
[Crossref]

R. Ryf, S. Randel, N. K. Fontaine, M. Montoliu, E. Burrows, S. Chandrasekhar, A. H. Gnauck, C. Xie, R.-J. Essiambre, P. Winzer, R. Delbue, P. Pupalaikis, A. Sureka, Y. Sun, L. Gruner-Nielsen, R. V. Jensen, and R. Lingle, “32-bit/s/Hz spectral efficiency WDM transmission over 177-km few-mode fiber,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference 2013, (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper PDP5A.1.
[Crossref]

Jiang, X.

S. Randel, R. Ryf, A. Gnauck, M. Mestre, C. Schmidt, R. Essiambre, P. Winzer, R. Delbue, P. Pupalaikis, A. Sureka, Y. Sun, X. Jiang, and R. Lingle, “Mode-multiplexed 6×20-GBd QPSK transmission over 1200-km DGD-compensated few-mode fiber,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference 2012, (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper PDP5C.5.

Koonen, A.

R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, H. Chen, B. Guan, S. Randel, N. Sauer, S. Yoo, A. Koonen, R. Delbue, P. Pupalaikis, A. Sureka, R. Shubochkin, Y. Sun, and R. Lingle, “23 Tbit/s transmission over 17-km conventional 50 um graded-index multimode fiber,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference 2014, (Optical Society of America, 2014), paper Th5B.1.

Koonen, A. M. J.

M. de Boer, C. P. Tsekrekos, A. Martinez, H. Kurniawan, J. W. M. Bergmans, A. M. J. Koonen, H. P. A. van den Boom, and F. M. J. Willems, “A first demonstrator for a mode group diversity multiplexing communication system,” in Proc. IEE Seminar (Ref Optical Fibre Communications and Electronic Signal Processing No. 2005-11310), (IEE, 2005), pp. 16/1.

Koreshkov, K.

E. Ip, M.-J. Li, K. Bennett, Y.-K. Huang, A. Tanaka, A. Korolev, K. Koreshkov, W. Wood, E. Mateo, J. Hu, and Y. Yano, “146λ × 6 × 19-Gbaud wavelength-and mode-division multiplexed transmission over 10 × 50-km spans of few-mode fiber with a gain-equalized few-mode EDFA,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 32, 790–797 (2014).
[Crossref]

Korolev, A.

E. Ip, M.-J. Li, K. Bennett, Y.-K. Huang, A. Tanaka, A. Korolev, K. Koreshkov, W. Wood, E. Mateo, J. Hu, and Y. Yano, “146λ × 6 × 19-Gbaud wavelength-and mode-division multiplexed transmission over 10 × 50-km spans of few-mode fiber with a gain-equalized few-mode EDFA,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 32, 790–797 (2014).
[Crossref]

Korolev, A. E.

Kramer, G.

R.-J. Essiambre, G. Kramer, P. J. Winzer, G. J. Foschini, and B. Goebel, “Capacity limits of optical fiber networks,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 28, 662–701 (2010).
[Crossref]

Kuksenkov, D. V.

Kurniawan, H.

M. de Boer, C. P. Tsekrekos, A. Martinez, H. Kurniawan, J. W. M. Bergmans, A. M. J. Koonen, H. P. A. van den Boom, and F. M. J. Willems, “A first demonstrator for a mode group diversity multiplexing communication system,” in Proc. IEE Seminar (Ref Optical Fibre Communications and Electronic Signal Processing No. 2005-11310), (IEE, 2005), pp. 16/1.

Lawrence, J.

J. Bland-Hawthorn, S. Ellis, S. Leon-Saval, R. Haynes, M. Roth, H.-G. Löhmannsröben, A. Horton, J.-G. Cuby, T. A. Birks, J. Lawrence, P. Gillingham, S. D. Ryder, and C. Trinh, “A complex multi-notch astronomical filter to suppress the bright infrared sky,” Nature communications 2, 581 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Leon-Saval, S.

J. Bland-Hawthorn, S. Ellis, S. Leon-Saval, R. Haynes, M. Roth, H.-G. Löhmannsröben, A. Horton, J.-G. Cuby, T. A. Birks, J. Lawrence, P. Gillingham, S. D. Ryder, and C. Trinh, “A complex multi-notch astronomical filter to suppress the bright infrared sky,” Nature communications 2, 581 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Fontaine, S. Leon-Saval, R. Ryf, J. Gil, B. Ercan, and J. Bland-Hawthorn, “Mode-selective dissimilar fiber photonic-lantern spatial multiplexers for few-mode fiber,” in Optical Communication (ECOC 2013), 39th European Conference and Exhibition on, paper PD1-C-3.

R. Ryf, N. Fontaine, J. Dunayevsky, D. Sinefeld, M. Blau, M. Montoliu, S. Randel, C. Liu, B. Ercan, M. Esmaeelpour, S. Chandrasekhar, A. Gnauck, S. Leon-Saval, J. Bland-Hawthorn, J. Salazar-Gil, Y. Sun, L. Gruner-Nielsen, R. Lingle, and D. Marom, “Wavelength-selective switch for few-mode fiber transmission,” in Optical Communication (ECOC 2013), 39th European Conference and Exhibition on, PD1-C-4 (2013).
[Crossref]

R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, M. A. Mestre, S. Randel, X. Palou, C. Bolle, A. H. Gnauck, S. Chandrasekhar, X. Liu, B. Guan, R.-J. Essiambre, P. J. Winzer, S. Leon-Saval, J. Bland-Hawthorn, R. Delbue, P. Pupalaikis, A. Sureka, Y. Sun, L. Grüner-Nielsen, R. V. Jensen, and R. Lingle, “12 × 12 MIMO transmission over 130-km few-mode fiber,” in Frontiers in Optics 2012/Laser Science XXVIII, (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper FW6-C.4.
[Crossref]

Leon-Saval, S. G.

Li, M.-J.

E. Ip, M.-J. Li, K. Bennett, Y.-K. Huang, A. Tanaka, A. Korolev, K. Koreshkov, W. Wood, E. Mateo, J. Hu, and Y. Yano, “146λ × 6 × 19-Gbaud wavelength-and mode-division multiplexed transmission over 10 × 50-km spans of few-mode fiber with a gain-equalized few-mode EDFA,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 32, 790–797 (2014).
[Crossref]

Lingle, R.

R. Ryf, S. Randel, A. Gnauck, C. Bolle, A. Sierra, S. Mumtaz, M. Esmaeelpour, E. Burrows, R. Essiambre, P. Winzer, D. Peckham, A. McCurdy, and R. Lingle, “Mode-division multiplexing over 96 km of few-mode fiber using coherent 6 × 6 MIMO processing,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 30, 521–531 (2012).
[Crossref]

N. Fontaine, R. Ryf, M. Mestre, B. Guan, X. Palou, S. Randel, Y. Sun, L. Gruner-Nielsen, R. Jensen, and R. Lingle, “Characterization of space-division multiplexing systems using a swept-wavelength interferometer,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference 2013, (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper OW1K.2.
[Crossref]

R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, H. Chen, B. Guan, S. Randel, N. Sauer, S. Yoo, A. Koonen, R. Delbue, P. Pupalaikis, A. Sureka, R. Shubochkin, Y. Sun, and R. Lingle, “23 Tbit/s transmission over 17-km conventional 50 um graded-index multimode fiber,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference 2014, (Optical Society of America, 2014), paper Th5B.1.

D. Peckham, Y. Sun, A. McCurdy, and R. Lingle, “Few-mode fiber technology for spatial multiplexing,” in Optical Fiber Telecommunication VIA, I. Kaminow, T. Li, and A. Willner, eds. (Elsevier, 2013).
[Crossref]

S. Randel, R. Ryf, A. Gnauck, M. Mestre, C. Schmidt, R. Essiambre, P. Winzer, R. Delbue, P. Pupalaikis, A. Sureka, Y. Sun, X. Jiang, and R. Lingle, “Mode-multiplexed 6×20-GBd QPSK transmission over 1200-km DGD-compensated few-mode fiber,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference 2012, (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper PDP5C.5.

R. Ryf, S. Randel, A. H. Gnauck, C. Bolle, R.-J. Essiambre, P. J. Winzer, D. W. Peckham, A. McCurdy, and R. Lingle, “Space-division multiplexing over 10 km of three-mode fiber using coherent 6 × 6 MIMO processing,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference 2011, (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper PDP-B-10.
[Crossref]

R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, M. A. Mestre, S. Randel, X. Palou, C. Bolle, A. H. Gnauck, S. Chandrasekhar, X. Liu, B. Guan, R.-J. Essiambre, P. J. Winzer, S. Leon-Saval, J. Bland-Hawthorn, R. Delbue, P. Pupalaikis, A. Sureka, Y. Sun, L. Grüner-Nielsen, R. V. Jensen, and R. Lingle, “12 × 12 MIMO transmission over 130-km few-mode fiber,” in Frontiers in Optics 2012/Laser Science XXVIII, (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper FW6-C.4.
[Crossref]

R. Ryf, S. Randel, N. K. Fontaine, M. Montoliu, E. Burrows, S. Chandrasekhar, A. H. Gnauck, C. Xie, R.-J. Essiambre, P. Winzer, R. Delbue, P. Pupalaikis, A. Sureka, Y. Sun, L. Gruner-Nielsen, R. V. Jensen, and R. Lingle, “32-bit/s/Hz spectral efficiency WDM transmission over 177-km few-mode fiber,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference 2013, (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper PDP5A.1.
[Crossref]

R. Ryf, N. Fontaine, J. Dunayevsky, D. Sinefeld, M. Blau, M. Montoliu, S. Randel, C. Liu, B. Ercan, M. Esmaeelpour, S. Chandrasekhar, A. Gnauck, S. Leon-Saval, J. Bland-Hawthorn, J. Salazar-Gil, Y. Sun, L. Gruner-Nielsen, R. Lingle, and D. Marom, “Wavelength-selective switch for few-mode fiber transmission,” in Optical Communication (ECOC 2013), 39th European Conference and Exhibition on, PD1-C-4 (2013).
[Crossref]

Lingle, R. J.

R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, B. Guan, B. Huang, M. Esmaeelpour, S. Randel, A. H. Gnauck, S. Chandrasekhar, A. Adamiecki, G. Raybon, R. W. Tkach, R. Shubochkin, Y. Sun, and R. J. Lingle, “305-km combined wavelength and mode-multiplexed transmission over conventional graded-index multimode fibre,” in Optical Communication (ECOC 2014), 40th European Conference and Exhibition on, paper PD-3.5.

Liu, C.

R. Ryf, N. Fontaine, J. Dunayevsky, D. Sinefeld, M. Blau, M. Montoliu, S. Randel, C. Liu, B. Ercan, M. Esmaeelpour, S. Chandrasekhar, A. Gnauck, S. Leon-Saval, J. Bland-Hawthorn, J. Salazar-Gil, Y. Sun, L. Gruner-Nielsen, R. Lingle, and D. Marom, “Wavelength-selective switch for few-mode fiber transmission,” in Optical Communication (ECOC 2013), 39th European Conference and Exhibition on, PD1-C-4 (2013).
[Crossref]

Liu, X.

R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, M. A. Mestre, S. Randel, X. Palou, C. Bolle, A. H. Gnauck, S. Chandrasekhar, X. Liu, B. Guan, R.-J. Essiambre, P. J. Winzer, S. Leon-Saval, J. Bland-Hawthorn, R. Delbue, P. Pupalaikis, A. Sureka, Y. Sun, L. Grüner-Nielsen, R. V. Jensen, and R. Lingle, “12 × 12 MIMO transmission over 130-km few-mode fiber,” in Frontiers in Optics 2012/Laser Science XXVIII, (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper FW6-C.4.
[Crossref]

Löhmannsröben, H.-G.

J. Bland-Hawthorn, S. Ellis, S. Leon-Saval, R. Haynes, M. Roth, H.-G. Löhmannsröben, A. Horton, J.-G. Cuby, T. A. Birks, J. Lawrence, P. Gillingham, S. D. Ryder, and C. Trinh, “A complex multi-notch astronomical filter to suppress the bright infrared sky,” Nature communications 2, 581 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lynn, C. M.

Marom, D.

R. Ryf, N. Fontaine, J. Dunayevsky, D. Sinefeld, M. Blau, M. Montoliu, S. Randel, C. Liu, B. Ercan, M. Esmaeelpour, S. Chandrasekhar, A. Gnauck, S. Leon-Saval, J. Bland-Hawthorn, J. Salazar-Gil, Y. Sun, L. Gruner-Nielsen, R. Lingle, and D. Marom, “Wavelength-selective switch for few-mode fiber transmission,” in Optical Communication (ECOC 2013), 39th European Conference and Exhibition on, PD1-C-4 (2013).
[Crossref]

Martinez, A.

M. de Boer, C. P. Tsekrekos, A. Martinez, H. Kurniawan, J. W. M. Bergmans, A. M. J. Koonen, H. P. A. van den Boom, and F. M. J. Willems, “A first demonstrator for a mode group diversity multiplexing communication system,” in Proc. IEE Seminar (Ref Optical Fibre Communications and Electronic Signal Processing No. 2005-11310), (IEE, 2005), pp. 16/1.

Mateo, E.

E. Ip, M.-J. Li, K. Bennett, Y.-K. Huang, A. Tanaka, A. Korolev, K. Koreshkov, W. Wood, E. Mateo, J. Hu, and Y. Yano, “146λ × 6 × 19-Gbaud wavelength-and mode-division multiplexed transmission over 10 × 50-km spans of few-mode fiber with a gain-equalized few-mode EDFA,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 32, 790–797 (2014).
[Crossref]

McCurdy, A.

R. Ryf, S. Randel, A. Gnauck, C. Bolle, A. Sierra, S. Mumtaz, M. Esmaeelpour, E. Burrows, R. Essiambre, P. Winzer, D. Peckham, A. McCurdy, and R. Lingle, “Mode-division multiplexing over 96 km of few-mode fiber using coherent 6 × 6 MIMO processing,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 30, 521–531 (2012).
[Crossref]

D. Peckham, Y. Sun, A. McCurdy, and R. Lingle, “Few-mode fiber technology for spatial multiplexing,” in Optical Fiber Telecommunication VIA, I. Kaminow, T. Li, and A. Willner, eds. (Elsevier, 2013).
[Crossref]

R. Ryf, S. Randel, A. H. Gnauck, C. Bolle, R.-J. Essiambre, P. J. Winzer, D. W. Peckham, A. McCurdy, and R. Lingle, “Space-division multiplexing over 10 km of three-mode fiber using coherent 6 × 6 MIMO processing,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference 2011, (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper PDP-B-10.
[Crossref]

Mestre, M.

S. Randel, R. Ryf, A. Gnauck, M. Mestre, C. Schmidt, R. Essiambre, P. Winzer, R. Delbue, P. Pupalaikis, A. Sureka, Y. Sun, X. Jiang, and R. Lingle, “Mode-multiplexed 6×20-GBd QPSK transmission over 1200-km DGD-compensated few-mode fiber,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference 2012, (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper PDP5C.5.

N. Fontaine, R. Ryf, M. Mestre, B. Guan, X. Palou, S. Randel, Y. Sun, L. Gruner-Nielsen, R. Jensen, and R. Lingle, “Characterization of space-division multiplexing systems using a swept-wavelength interferometer,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference 2013, (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper OW1K.2.
[Crossref]

Mestre, M. A.

R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, M. A. Mestre, S. Randel, X. Palou, C. Bolle, A. H. Gnauck, S. Chandrasekhar, X. Liu, B. Guan, R.-J. Essiambre, P. J. Winzer, S. Leon-Saval, J. Bland-Hawthorn, R. Delbue, P. Pupalaikis, A. Sureka, Y. Sun, L. Grüner-Nielsen, R. V. Jensen, and R. Lingle, “12 × 12 MIMO transmission over 130-km few-mode fiber,” in Frontiers in Optics 2012/Laser Science XXVIII, (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper FW6-C.4.
[Crossref]

Montoliu, M.

R. Ryf, S. Randel, N. K. Fontaine, M. Montoliu, E. Burrows, S. Chandrasekhar, A. H. Gnauck, C. Xie, R.-J. Essiambre, P. Winzer, R. Delbue, P. Pupalaikis, A. Sureka, Y. Sun, L. Gruner-Nielsen, R. V. Jensen, and R. Lingle, “32-bit/s/Hz spectral efficiency WDM transmission over 177-km few-mode fiber,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference 2013, (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper PDP5A.1.
[Crossref]

R. Ryf, N. Fontaine, J. Dunayevsky, D. Sinefeld, M. Blau, M. Montoliu, S. Randel, C. Liu, B. Ercan, M. Esmaeelpour, S. Chandrasekhar, A. Gnauck, S. Leon-Saval, J. Bland-Hawthorn, J. Salazar-Gil, Y. Sun, L. Gruner-Nielsen, R. Lingle, and D. Marom, “Wavelength-selective switch for few-mode fiber transmission,” in Optical Communication (ECOC 2013), 39th European Conference and Exhibition on, PD1-C-4 (2013).
[Crossref]

S. Randel, P. Winzer, M. Montoliu, and R. Ryf, “Complexity analysis of adaptive frequency-domain equalization for MIMO-SDM transmission,” in Optical Communication (ECOC 2013), 39th European Conference and Exhibition on, paper Th.2.C.4.

Mumtaz, S.

R. Ryf, S. Randel, A. Gnauck, C. Bolle, A. Sierra, S. Mumtaz, M. Esmaeelpour, E. Burrows, R. Essiambre, P. Winzer, D. Peckham, A. McCurdy, and R. Lingle, “Mode-division multiplexing over 96 km of few-mode fiber using coherent 6 × 6 MIMO processing,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 30, 521–531 (2012).
[Crossref]

Nazarov, V. N.

Palou, X.

N. Fontaine, R. Ryf, M. Mestre, B. Guan, X. Palou, S. Randel, Y. Sun, L. Gruner-Nielsen, R. Jensen, and R. Lingle, “Characterization of space-division multiplexing systems using a swept-wavelength interferometer,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference 2013, (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper OW1K.2.
[Crossref]

R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, M. A. Mestre, S. Randel, X. Palou, C. Bolle, A. H. Gnauck, S. Chandrasekhar, X. Liu, B. Guan, R.-J. Essiambre, P. J. Winzer, S. Leon-Saval, J. Bland-Hawthorn, R. Delbue, P. Pupalaikis, A. Sureka, Y. Sun, L. Grüner-Nielsen, R. V. Jensen, and R. Lingle, “12 × 12 MIMO transmission over 130-km few-mode fiber,” in Frontiers in Optics 2012/Laser Science XXVIII, (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper FW6-C.4.
[Crossref]

Paskov, M.

K. Shi, G. Gordon, M. Paskov, J. Carpenter, T. Wilkinson, and B. Thomsen, “Degenerate mode-group division multiplexing using MIMO digital signal processing,” in Photonics Society Summer Topical Meeting Series, (IEEE, 2013), pp. 141–142.
[Crossref]

Peckham, D.

R. Ryf, S. Randel, A. Gnauck, C. Bolle, A. Sierra, S. Mumtaz, M. Esmaeelpour, E. Burrows, R. Essiambre, P. Winzer, D. Peckham, A. McCurdy, and R. Lingle, “Mode-division multiplexing over 96 km of few-mode fiber using coherent 6 × 6 MIMO processing,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 30, 521–531 (2012).
[Crossref]

D. Peckham, Y. Sun, A. McCurdy, and R. Lingle, “Few-mode fiber technology for spatial multiplexing,” in Optical Fiber Telecommunication VIA, I. Kaminow, T. Li, and A. Willner, eds. (Elsevier, 2013).
[Crossref]

Peckham, D. W.

R. Ryf, S. Randel, A. H. Gnauck, C. Bolle, R.-J. Essiambre, P. J. Winzer, D. W. Peckham, A. McCurdy, and R. Lingle, “Space-division multiplexing over 10 km of three-mode fiber using coherent 6 × 6 MIMO processing,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference 2011, (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper PDP-B-10.
[Crossref]

Pupalaikis, P.

S. Randel, R. Ryf, A. Gnauck, M. Mestre, C. Schmidt, R. Essiambre, P. Winzer, R. Delbue, P. Pupalaikis, A. Sureka, Y. Sun, X. Jiang, and R. Lingle, “Mode-multiplexed 6×20-GBd QPSK transmission over 1200-km DGD-compensated few-mode fiber,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference 2012, (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper PDP5C.5.

R. Ryf, S. Randel, N. K. Fontaine, M. Montoliu, E. Burrows, S. Chandrasekhar, A. H. Gnauck, C. Xie, R.-J. Essiambre, P. Winzer, R. Delbue, P. Pupalaikis, A. Sureka, Y. Sun, L. Gruner-Nielsen, R. V. Jensen, and R. Lingle, “32-bit/s/Hz spectral efficiency WDM transmission over 177-km few-mode fiber,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference 2013, (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper PDP5A.1.
[Crossref]

R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, M. A. Mestre, S. Randel, X. Palou, C. Bolle, A. H. Gnauck, S. Chandrasekhar, X. Liu, B. Guan, R.-J. Essiambre, P. J. Winzer, S. Leon-Saval, J. Bland-Hawthorn, R. Delbue, P. Pupalaikis, A. Sureka, Y. Sun, L. Grüner-Nielsen, R. V. Jensen, and R. Lingle, “12 × 12 MIMO transmission over 130-km few-mode fiber,” in Frontiers in Optics 2012/Laser Science XXVIII, (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper FW6-C.4.
[Crossref]

R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, H. Chen, B. Guan, S. Randel, N. Sauer, S. Yoo, A. Koonen, R. Delbue, P. Pupalaikis, A. Sureka, R. Shubochkin, Y. Sun, and R. Lingle, “23 Tbit/s transmission over 17-km conventional 50 um graded-index multimode fiber,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference 2014, (Optical Society of America, 2014), paper Th5B.1.

Randel, S.

R. Ryf, S. Randel, A. Gnauck, C. Bolle, A. Sierra, S. Mumtaz, M. Esmaeelpour, E. Burrows, R. Essiambre, P. Winzer, D. Peckham, A. McCurdy, and R. Lingle, “Mode-division multiplexing over 96 km of few-mode fiber using coherent 6 × 6 MIMO processing,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 30, 521–531 (2012).
[Crossref]

S. Randel, P. Winzer, M. Montoliu, and R. Ryf, “Complexity analysis of adaptive frequency-domain equalization for MIMO-SDM transmission,” in Optical Communication (ECOC 2013), 39th European Conference and Exhibition on, paper Th.2.C.4.

N. Fontaine, R. Ryf, M. Mestre, B. Guan, X. Palou, S. Randel, Y. Sun, L. Gruner-Nielsen, R. Jensen, and R. Lingle, “Characterization of space-division multiplexing systems using a swept-wavelength interferometer,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference 2013, (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper OW1K.2.
[Crossref]

R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, H. Chen, B. Guan, S. Randel, N. Sauer, S. Yoo, A. Koonen, R. Delbue, P. Pupalaikis, A. Sureka, R. Shubochkin, Y. Sun, and R. Lingle, “23 Tbit/s transmission over 17-km conventional 50 um graded-index multimode fiber,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference 2014, (Optical Society of America, 2014), paper Th5B.1.

R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, B. Guan, B. Huang, M. Esmaeelpour, S. Randel, A. H. Gnauck, S. Chandrasekhar, A. Adamiecki, G. Raybon, R. W. Tkach, R. Shubochkin, Y. Sun, and R. J. Lingle, “305-km combined wavelength and mode-multiplexed transmission over conventional graded-index multimode fibre,” in Optical Communication (ECOC 2014), 40th European Conference and Exhibition on, paper PD-3.5.

R. Ryf, S. Randel, N. K. Fontaine, M. Montoliu, E. Burrows, S. Chandrasekhar, A. H. Gnauck, C. Xie, R.-J. Essiambre, P. Winzer, R. Delbue, P. Pupalaikis, A. Sureka, Y. Sun, L. Gruner-Nielsen, R. V. Jensen, and R. Lingle, “32-bit/s/Hz spectral efficiency WDM transmission over 177-km few-mode fiber,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference 2013, (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper PDP5A.1.
[Crossref]

S. Randel, R. Ryf, A. Gnauck, M. Mestre, C. Schmidt, R. Essiambre, P. Winzer, R. Delbue, P. Pupalaikis, A. Sureka, Y. Sun, X. Jiang, and R. Lingle, “Mode-multiplexed 6×20-GBd QPSK transmission over 1200-km DGD-compensated few-mode fiber,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference 2012, (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper PDP5C.5.

R. Ryf, S. Randel, A. H. Gnauck, C. Bolle, R.-J. Essiambre, P. J. Winzer, D. W. Peckham, A. McCurdy, and R. Lingle, “Space-division multiplexing over 10 km of three-mode fiber using coherent 6 × 6 MIMO processing,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference 2011, (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper PDP-B-10.
[Crossref]

R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, M. A. Mestre, S. Randel, X. Palou, C. Bolle, A. H. Gnauck, S. Chandrasekhar, X. Liu, B. Guan, R.-J. Essiambre, P. J. Winzer, S. Leon-Saval, J. Bland-Hawthorn, R. Delbue, P. Pupalaikis, A. Sureka, Y. Sun, L. Grüner-Nielsen, R. V. Jensen, and R. Lingle, “12 × 12 MIMO transmission over 130-km few-mode fiber,” in Frontiers in Optics 2012/Laser Science XXVIII, (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper FW6-C.4.
[Crossref]

R. Ryf, N. Fontaine, J. Dunayevsky, D. Sinefeld, M. Blau, M. Montoliu, S. Randel, C. Liu, B. Ercan, M. Esmaeelpour, S. Chandrasekhar, A. Gnauck, S. Leon-Saval, J. Bland-Hawthorn, J. Salazar-Gil, Y. Sun, L. Gruner-Nielsen, R. Lingle, and D. Marom, “Wavelength-selective switch for few-mode fiber transmission,” in Optical Communication (ECOC 2013), 39th European Conference and Exhibition on, PD1-C-4 (2013).
[Crossref]

Raybon, G.

R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, B. Guan, B. Huang, M. Esmaeelpour, S. Randel, A. H. Gnauck, S. Chandrasekhar, A. Adamiecki, G. Raybon, R. W. Tkach, R. Shubochkin, Y. Sun, and R. J. Lingle, “305-km combined wavelength and mode-multiplexed transmission over conventional graded-index multimode fibre,” in Optical Communication (ECOC 2014), 40th European Conference and Exhibition on, paper PD-3.5.

Roelens, M. A. F.

Roth, M.

J. Bland-Hawthorn, S. Ellis, S. Leon-Saval, R. Haynes, M. Roth, H.-G. Löhmannsröben, A. Horton, J.-G. Cuby, T. A. Birks, J. Lawrence, P. Gillingham, S. D. Ryder, and C. Trinh, “A complex multi-notch astronomical filter to suppress the bright infrared sky,” Nature communications 2, 581 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ryder, S. D.

J. Bland-Hawthorn, S. Ellis, S. Leon-Saval, R. Haynes, M. Roth, H.-G. Löhmannsröben, A. Horton, J.-G. Cuby, T. A. Birks, J. Lawrence, P. Gillingham, S. D. Ryder, and C. Trinh, “A complex multi-notch astronomical filter to suppress the bright infrared sky,” Nature communications 2, 581 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ryf, R.

R. Ryf, S. Randel, A. Gnauck, C. Bolle, A. Sierra, S. Mumtaz, M. Esmaeelpour, E. Burrows, R. Essiambre, P. Winzer, D. Peckham, A. McCurdy, and R. Lingle, “Mode-division multiplexing over 96 km of few-mode fiber using coherent 6 × 6 MIMO processing,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 30, 521–531 (2012).
[Crossref]

S. Randel, P. Winzer, M. Montoliu, and R. Ryf, “Complexity analysis of adaptive frequency-domain equalization for MIMO-SDM transmission,” in Optical Communication (ECOC 2013), 39th European Conference and Exhibition on, paper Th.2.C.4.

R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, H. Chen, B. Guan, S. Randel, N. Sauer, S. Yoo, A. Koonen, R. Delbue, P. Pupalaikis, A. Sureka, R. Shubochkin, Y. Sun, and R. Lingle, “23 Tbit/s transmission over 17-km conventional 50 um graded-index multimode fiber,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference 2014, (Optical Society of America, 2014), paper Th5B.1.

N. Fontaine, R. Ryf, M. Mestre, B. Guan, X. Palou, S. Randel, Y. Sun, L. Gruner-Nielsen, R. Jensen, and R. Lingle, “Characterization of space-division multiplexing systems using a swept-wavelength interferometer,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference 2013, (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper OW1K.2.
[Crossref]

N. Fontaine, S. Leon-Saval, R. Ryf, J. Gil, B. Ercan, and J. Bland-Hawthorn, “Mode-selective dissimilar fiber photonic-lantern spatial multiplexers for few-mode fiber,” in Optical Communication (ECOC 2013), 39th European Conference and Exhibition on, paper PD1-C-3.

R. Ryf, N. Fontaine, J. Dunayevsky, D. Sinefeld, M. Blau, M. Montoliu, S. Randel, C. Liu, B. Ercan, M. Esmaeelpour, S. Chandrasekhar, A. Gnauck, S. Leon-Saval, J. Bland-Hawthorn, J. Salazar-Gil, Y. Sun, L. Gruner-Nielsen, R. Lingle, and D. Marom, “Wavelength-selective switch for few-mode fiber transmission,” in Optical Communication (ECOC 2013), 39th European Conference and Exhibition on, PD1-C-4 (2013).
[Crossref]

R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, B. Guan, B. Huang, M. Esmaeelpour, S. Randel, A. H. Gnauck, S. Chandrasekhar, A. Adamiecki, G. Raybon, R. W. Tkach, R. Shubochkin, Y. Sun, and R. J. Lingle, “305-km combined wavelength and mode-multiplexed transmission over conventional graded-index multimode fibre,” in Optical Communication (ECOC 2014), 40th European Conference and Exhibition on, paper PD-3.5.

R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, M. A. Mestre, S. Randel, X. Palou, C. Bolle, A. H. Gnauck, S. Chandrasekhar, X. Liu, B. Guan, R.-J. Essiambre, P. J. Winzer, S. Leon-Saval, J. Bland-Hawthorn, R. Delbue, P. Pupalaikis, A. Sureka, Y. Sun, L. Grüner-Nielsen, R. V. Jensen, and R. Lingle, “12 × 12 MIMO transmission over 130-km few-mode fiber,” in Frontiers in Optics 2012/Laser Science XXVIII, (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper FW6-C.4.
[Crossref]

R. Ryf, S. Randel, A. H. Gnauck, C. Bolle, R.-J. Essiambre, P. J. Winzer, D. W. Peckham, A. McCurdy, and R. Lingle, “Space-division multiplexing over 10 km of three-mode fiber using coherent 6 × 6 MIMO processing,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference 2011, (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper PDP-B-10.
[Crossref]

S. Randel, R. Ryf, A. Gnauck, M. Mestre, C. Schmidt, R. Essiambre, P. Winzer, R. Delbue, P. Pupalaikis, A. Sureka, Y. Sun, X. Jiang, and R. Lingle, “Mode-multiplexed 6×20-GBd QPSK transmission over 1200-km DGD-compensated few-mode fiber,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference 2012, (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper PDP5C.5.

N. Fontaine and R. Ryf, “Characterization of mode-dependent loss of laser inscribed photonic lanterns for space division multiplexing systems,” in OptoElectronics and Communications Conference held jointly with 2013 International Conference on Photonics in Switching (OECC/PS), (Institute of Electronics, Information and Communication Engineers, 2013), paper MR2-2.

R. Ryf, S. Randel, N. K. Fontaine, M. Montoliu, E. Burrows, S. Chandrasekhar, A. H. Gnauck, C. Xie, R.-J. Essiambre, P. Winzer, R. Delbue, P. Pupalaikis, A. Sureka, Y. Sun, L. Gruner-Nielsen, R. V. Jensen, and R. Lingle, “32-bit/s/Hz spectral efficiency WDM transmission over 177-km few-mode fiber,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference 2013, (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper PDP5A.1.
[Crossref]

Salazar-Gil, J.

R. Ryf, N. Fontaine, J. Dunayevsky, D. Sinefeld, M. Blau, M. Montoliu, S. Randel, C. Liu, B. Ercan, M. Esmaeelpour, S. Chandrasekhar, A. Gnauck, S. Leon-Saval, J. Bland-Hawthorn, J. Salazar-Gil, Y. Sun, L. Gruner-Nielsen, R. Lingle, and D. Marom, “Wavelength-selective switch for few-mode fiber transmission,” in Optical Communication (ECOC 2013), 39th European Conference and Exhibition on, PD1-C-4 (2013).
[Crossref]

Salazar-Gil, J. R.

Sauer, N.

R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, H. Chen, B. Guan, S. Randel, N. Sauer, S. Yoo, A. Koonen, R. Delbue, P. Pupalaikis, A. Sureka, R. Shubochkin, Y. Sun, and R. Lingle, “23 Tbit/s transmission over 17-km conventional 50 um graded-index multimode fiber,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference 2014, (Optical Society of America, 2014), paper Th5B.1.

Sayed, A. H.

A. R. Shah, R. C. J. Hsu, A. Tarighat, A. H. Sayed, and B. Jalali, “Coherent optical MIMO (COMIMO),” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 2410–2419 (2005).
[Crossref]

Schmidt, C.

S. Randel, R. Ryf, A. Gnauck, M. Mestre, C. Schmidt, R. Essiambre, P. Winzer, R. Delbue, P. Pupalaikis, A. Sureka, Y. Sun, X. Jiang, and R. Lingle, “Mode-multiplexed 6×20-GBd QPSK transmission over 1200-km DGD-compensated few-mode fiber,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference 2012, (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper PDP5C.5.

Schröder, J.

Shah, A. R.

A. R. Shah, R. C. J. Hsu, A. Tarighat, A. H. Sayed, and B. Jalali, “Coherent optical MIMO (COMIMO),” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 2410–2419 (2005).
[Crossref]

Shi, K.

K. Shi, G. Gordon, M. Paskov, J. Carpenter, T. Wilkinson, and B. Thomsen, “Degenerate mode-group division multiplexing using MIMO digital signal processing,” in Photonics Society Summer Topical Meeting Series, (IEEE, 2013), pp. 141–142.
[Crossref]

Shubochkin, R.

R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, B. Guan, B. Huang, M. Esmaeelpour, S. Randel, A. H. Gnauck, S. Chandrasekhar, A. Adamiecki, G. Raybon, R. W. Tkach, R. Shubochkin, Y. Sun, and R. J. Lingle, “305-km combined wavelength and mode-multiplexed transmission over conventional graded-index multimode fibre,” in Optical Communication (ECOC 2014), 40th European Conference and Exhibition on, paper PD-3.5.

R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, H. Chen, B. Guan, S. Randel, N. Sauer, S. Yoo, A. Koonen, R. Delbue, P. Pupalaikis, A. Sureka, R. Shubochkin, Y. Sun, and R. Lingle, “23 Tbit/s transmission over 17-km conventional 50 um graded-index multimode fiber,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference 2014, (Optical Society of America, 2014), paper Th5B.1.

Sierra, A.

R. Ryf, S. Randel, A. Gnauck, C. Bolle, A. Sierra, S. Mumtaz, M. Esmaeelpour, E. Burrows, R. Essiambre, P. Winzer, D. Peckham, A. McCurdy, and R. Lingle, “Mode-division multiplexing over 96 km of few-mode fiber using coherent 6 × 6 MIMO processing,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 30, 521–531 (2012).
[Crossref]

Sinefeld, D.

R. Ryf, N. Fontaine, J. Dunayevsky, D. Sinefeld, M. Blau, M. Montoliu, S. Randel, C. Liu, B. Ercan, M. Esmaeelpour, S. Chandrasekhar, A. Gnauck, S. Leon-Saval, J. Bland-Hawthorn, J. Salazar-Gil, Y. Sun, L. Gruner-Nielsen, R. Lingle, and D. Marom, “Wavelength-selective switch for few-mode fiber transmission,” in Optical Communication (ECOC 2013), 39th European Conference and Exhibition on, PD1-C-4 (2013).
[Crossref]

Stewart, L.

Stuart, H. R.

H. R. Stuart, “Dispersive multiplexing in multimode optical fiber,” Science 289, 281–283 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sun, Y.

R. Ryf, N. Fontaine, J. Dunayevsky, D. Sinefeld, M. Blau, M. Montoliu, S. Randel, C. Liu, B. Ercan, M. Esmaeelpour, S. Chandrasekhar, A. Gnauck, S. Leon-Saval, J. Bland-Hawthorn, J. Salazar-Gil, Y. Sun, L. Gruner-Nielsen, R. Lingle, and D. Marom, “Wavelength-selective switch for few-mode fiber transmission,” in Optical Communication (ECOC 2013), 39th European Conference and Exhibition on, PD1-C-4 (2013).
[Crossref]

R. Ryf, S. Randel, N. K. Fontaine, M. Montoliu, E. Burrows, S. Chandrasekhar, A. H. Gnauck, C. Xie, R.-J. Essiambre, P. Winzer, R. Delbue, P. Pupalaikis, A. Sureka, Y. Sun, L. Gruner-Nielsen, R. V. Jensen, and R. Lingle, “32-bit/s/Hz spectral efficiency WDM transmission over 177-km few-mode fiber,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference 2013, (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper PDP5A.1.
[Crossref]

S. Randel, R. Ryf, A. Gnauck, M. Mestre, C. Schmidt, R. Essiambre, P. Winzer, R. Delbue, P. Pupalaikis, A. Sureka, Y. Sun, X. Jiang, and R. Lingle, “Mode-multiplexed 6×20-GBd QPSK transmission over 1200-km DGD-compensated few-mode fiber,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference 2012, (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper PDP5C.5.

R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, M. A. Mestre, S. Randel, X. Palou, C. Bolle, A. H. Gnauck, S. Chandrasekhar, X. Liu, B. Guan, R.-J. Essiambre, P. J. Winzer, S. Leon-Saval, J. Bland-Hawthorn, R. Delbue, P. Pupalaikis, A. Sureka, Y. Sun, L. Grüner-Nielsen, R. V. Jensen, and R. Lingle, “12 × 12 MIMO transmission over 130-km few-mode fiber,” in Frontiers in Optics 2012/Laser Science XXVIII, (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper FW6-C.4.
[Crossref]

R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, H. Chen, B. Guan, S. Randel, N. Sauer, S. Yoo, A. Koonen, R. Delbue, P. Pupalaikis, A. Sureka, R. Shubochkin, Y. Sun, and R. Lingle, “23 Tbit/s transmission over 17-km conventional 50 um graded-index multimode fiber,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference 2014, (Optical Society of America, 2014), paper Th5B.1.

D. Peckham, Y. Sun, A. McCurdy, and R. Lingle, “Few-mode fiber technology for spatial multiplexing,” in Optical Fiber Telecommunication VIA, I. Kaminow, T. Li, and A. Willner, eds. (Elsevier, 2013).
[Crossref]

N. Fontaine, R. Ryf, M. Mestre, B. Guan, X. Palou, S. Randel, Y. Sun, L. Gruner-Nielsen, R. Jensen, and R. Lingle, “Characterization of space-division multiplexing systems using a swept-wavelength interferometer,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference 2013, (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper OW1K.2.
[Crossref]

R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, B. Guan, B. Huang, M. Esmaeelpour, S. Randel, A. H. Gnauck, S. Chandrasekhar, A. Adamiecki, G. Raybon, R. W. Tkach, R. Shubochkin, Y. Sun, and R. J. Lingle, “305-km combined wavelength and mode-multiplexed transmission over conventional graded-index multimode fibre,” in Optical Communication (ECOC 2014), 40th European Conference and Exhibition on, paper PD-3.5.

Sureka, A.

R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, H. Chen, B. Guan, S. Randel, N. Sauer, S. Yoo, A. Koonen, R. Delbue, P. Pupalaikis, A. Sureka, R. Shubochkin, Y. Sun, and R. Lingle, “23 Tbit/s transmission over 17-km conventional 50 um graded-index multimode fiber,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference 2014, (Optical Society of America, 2014), paper Th5B.1.

R. Ryf, S. Randel, N. K. Fontaine, M. Montoliu, E. Burrows, S. Chandrasekhar, A. H. Gnauck, C. Xie, R.-J. Essiambre, P. Winzer, R. Delbue, P. Pupalaikis, A. Sureka, Y. Sun, L. Gruner-Nielsen, R. V. Jensen, and R. Lingle, “32-bit/s/Hz spectral efficiency WDM transmission over 177-km few-mode fiber,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference 2013, (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper PDP5A.1.
[Crossref]

R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, M. A. Mestre, S. Randel, X. Palou, C. Bolle, A. H. Gnauck, S. Chandrasekhar, X. Liu, B. Guan, R.-J. Essiambre, P. J. Winzer, S. Leon-Saval, J. Bland-Hawthorn, R. Delbue, P. Pupalaikis, A. Sureka, Y. Sun, L. Grüner-Nielsen, R. V. Jensen, and R. Lingle, “12 × 12 MIMO transmission over 130-km few-mode fiber,” in Frontiers in Optics 2012/Laser Science XXVIII, (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper FW6-C.4.
[Crossref]

S. Randel, R. Ryf, A. Gnauck, M. Mestre, C. Schmidt, R. Essiambre, P. Winzer, R. Delbue, P. Pupalaikis, A. Sureka, Y. Sun, X. Jiang, and R. Lingle, “Mode-multiplexed 6×20-GBd QPSK transmission over 1200-km DGD-compensated few-mode fiber,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference 2012, (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper PDP5C.5.

Tanaka, A.

E. Ip, M.-J. Li, K. Bennett, Y.-K. Huang, A. Tanaka, A. Korolev, K. Koreshkov, W. Wood, E. Mateo, J. Hu, and Y. Yano, “146λ × 6 × 19-Gbaud wavelength-and mode-division multiplexed transmission over 10 × 50-km spans of few-mode fiber with a gain-equalized few-mode EDFA,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 32, 790–797 (2014).
[Crossref]

Tarighat, A.

A. R. Shah, R. C. J. Hsu, A. Tarighat, A. H. Sayed, and B. Jalali, “Coherent optical MIMO (COMIMO),” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 2410–2419 (2005).
[Crossref]

Thomsen, B.

K. Shi, G. Gordon, M. Paskov, J. Carpenter, T. Wilkinson, and B. Thomsen, “Degenerate mode-group division multiplexing using MIMO digital signal processing,” in Photonics Society Summer Topical Meeting Series, (IEEE, 2013), pp. 141–142.
[Crossref]

Tkach, R. W.

R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, B. Guan, B. Huang, M. Esmaeelpour, S. Randel, A. H. Gnauck, S. Chandrasekhar, A. Adamiecki, G. Raybon, R. W. Tkach, R. Shubochkin, Y. Sun, and R. J. Lingle, “305-km combined wavelength and mode-multiplexed transmission over conventional graded-index multimode fibre,” in Optical Communication (ECOC 2014), 40th European Conference and Exhibition on, paper PD-3.5.

Trinh, C.

J. Bland-Hawthorn, S. Ellis, S. Leon-Saval, R. Haynes, M. Roth, H.-G. Löhmannsröben, A. Horton, J.-G. Cuby, T. A. Birks, J. Lawrence, P. Gillingham, S. D. Ryder, and C. Trinh, “A complex multi-notch astronomical filter to suppress the bright infrared sky,” Nature communications 2, 581 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tsekrekos, C. P.

M. de Boer, C. P. Tsekrekos, A. Martinez, H. Kurniawan, J. W. M. Bergmans, A. M. J. Koonen, H. P. A. van den Boom, and F. M. J. Willems, “A first demonstrator for a mode group diversity multiplexing communication system,” in Proc. IEE Seminar (Ref Optical Fibre Communications and Electronic Signal Processing No. 2005-11310), (IEE, 2005), pp. 16/1.

van den Boom, H. P. A.

M. de Boer, C. P. Tsekrekos, A. Martinez, H. Kurniawan, J. W. M. Bergmans, A. M. J. Koonen, H. P. A. van den Boom, and F. M. J. Willems, “A first demonstrator for a mode group diversity multiplexing communication system,” in Proc. IEE Seminar (Ref Optical Fibre Communications and Electronic Signal Processing No. 2005-11310), (IEE, 2005), pp. 16/1.

VanWiggeren, G.

G. VanWiggeren and D. Baney, “Swept-wavelength interferometric analysis of multiport components,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1267–1269 (2003).
[Crossref]

Wilkinson, T.

J. Carpenter and T. Wilkinson, “Characterization of multimode fiber by selective mode excitation,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 30, 1386–1392 (2012).
[Crossref]

K. Shi, G. Gordon, M. Paskov, J. Carpenter, T. Wilkinson, and B. Thomsen, “Degenerate mode-group division multiplexing using MIMO digital signal processing,” in Photonics Society Summer Topical Meeting Series, (IEEE, 2013), pp. 141–142.
[Crossref]

Willems, F. M. J.

M. de Boer, C. P. Tsekrekos, A. Martinez, H. Kurniawan, J. W. M. Bergmans, A. M. J. Koonen, H. P. A. van den Boom, and F. M. J. Willems, “A first demonstrator for a mode group diversity multiplexing communication system,” in Proc. IEE Seminar (Ref Optical Fibre Communications and Electronic Signal Processing No. 2005-11310), (IEE, 2005), pp. 16/1.

Winzer, P.

R. Ryf, S. Randel, A. Gnauck, C. Bolle, A. Sierra, S. Mumtaz, M. Esmaeelpour, E. Burrows, R. Essiambre, P. Winzer, D. Peckham, A. McCurdy, and R. Lingle, “Mode-division multiplexing over 96 km of few-mode fiber using coherent 6 × 6 MIMO processing,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 30, 521–531 (2012).
[Crossref]

S. Randel, P. Winzer, M. Montoliu, and R. Ryf, “Complexity analysis of adaptive frequency-domain equalization for MIMO-SDM transmission,” in Optical Communication (ECOC 2013), 39th European Conference and Exhibition on, paper Th.2.C.4.

S. Randel, R. Ryf, A. Gnauck, M. Mestre, C. Schmidt, R. Essiambre, P. Winzer, R. Delbue, P. Pupalaikis, A. Sureka, Y. Sun, X. Jiang, and R. Lingle, “Mode-multiplexed 6×20-GBd QPSK transmission over 1200-km DGD-compensated few-mode fiber,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference 2012, (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper PDP5C.5.

R. Ryf, S. Randel, N. K. Fontaine, M. Montoliu, E. Burrows, S. Chandrasekhar, A. H. Gnauck, C. Xie, R.-J. Essiambre, P. Winzer, R. Delbue, P. Pupalaikis, A. Sureka, Y. Sun, L. Gruner-Nielsen, R. V. Jensen, and R. Lingle, “32-bit/s/Hz spectral efficiency WDM transmission over 177-km few-mode fiber,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference 2013, (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper PDP5A.1.
[Crossref]

Winzer, P. J.

R.-J. Essiambre, G. Kramer, P. J. Winzer, G. J. Foschini, and B. Goebel, “Capacity limits of optical fiber networks,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 28, 662–701 (2010).
[Crossref]

R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, M. A. Mestre, S. Randel, X. Palou, C. Bolle, A. H. Gnauck, S. Chandrasekhar, X. Liu, B. Guan, R.-J. Essiambre, P. J. Winzer, S. Leon-Saval, J. Bland-Hawthorn, R. Delbue, P. Pupalaikis, A. Sureka, Y. Sun, L. Grüner-Nielsen, R. V. Jensen, and R. Lingle, “12 × 12 MIMO transmission over 130-km few-mode fiber,” in Frontiers in Optics 2012/Laser Science XXVIII, (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper FW6-C.4.
[Crossref]

R. Ryf, S. Randel, A. H. Gnauck, C. Bolle, R.-J. Essiambre, P. J. Winzer, D. W. Peckham, A. McCurdy, and R. Lingle, “Space-division multiplexing over 10 km of three-mode fiber using coherent 6 × 6 MIMO processing,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference 2011, (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper PDP-B-10.
[Crossref]

Wood, W.

E. Ip, M.-J. Li, K. Bennett, Y.-K. Huang, A. Tanaka, A. Korolev, K. Koreshkov, W. Wood, E. Mateo, J. Hu, and Y. Yano, “146λ × 6 × 19-Gbaud wavelength-and mode-division multiplexed transmission over 10 × 50-km spans of few-mode fiber with a gain-equalized few-mode EDFA,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 32, 790–797 (2014).
[Crossref]

Xie, C.

R. Ryf, S. Randel, N. K. Fontaine, M. Montoliu, E. Burrows, S. Chandrasekhar, A. H. Gnauck, C. Xie, R.-J. Essiambre, P. Winzer, R. Delbue, P. Pupalaikis, A. Sureka, Y. Sun, L. Gruner-Nielsen, R. V. Jensen, and R. Lingle, “32-bit/s/Hz spectral efficiency WDM transmission over 177-km few-mode fiber,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference 2013, (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper PDP5A.1.
[Crossref]

Yano, Y.

E. Ip, M.-J. Li, K. Bennett, Y.-K. Huang, A. Tanaka, A. Korolev, K. Koreshkov, W. Wood, E. Mateo, J. Hu, and Y. Yano, “146λ × 6 × 19-Gbaud wavelength-and mode-division multiplexed transmission over 10 × 50-km spans of few-mode fiber with a gain-equalized few-mode EDFA,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 32, 790–797 (2014).
[Crossref]

Yerolatsitis, S.

Yoo, S.

R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, H. Chen, B. Guan, S. Randel, N. Sauer, S. Yoo, A. Koonen, R. Delbue, P. Pupalaikis, A. Sureka, R. Shubochkin, Y. Sun, and R. Lingle, “23 Tbit/s transmission over 17-km conventional 50 um graded-index multimode fiber,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference 2014, (Optical Society of America, 2014), paper Th5B.1.

Appl. Opt. (1)

IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. (5)

J. Carpenter and T. Wilkinson, “Characterization of multimode fiber by selective mode excitation,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 30, 1386–1392 (2012).
[Crossref]

R.-J. Essiambre, G. Kramer, P. J. Winzer, G. J. Foschini, and B. Goebel, “Capacity limits of optical fiber networks,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 28, 662–701 (2010).
[Crossref]

E. Ip, M.-J. Li, K. Bennett, Y.-K. Huang, A. Tanaka, A. Korolev, K. Koreshkov, W. Wood, E. Mateo, J. Hu, and Y. Yano, “146λ × 6 × 19-Gbaud wavelength-and mode-division multiplexed transmission over 10 × 50-km spans of few-mode fiber with a gain-equalized few-mode EDFA,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 32, 790–797 (2014).
[Crossref]

A. R. Shah, R. C. J. Hsu, A. Tarighat, A. H. Sayed, and B. Jalali, “Coherent optical MIMO (COMIMO),” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 2410–2419 (2005).
[Crossref]

R. Ryf, S. Randel, A. Gnauck, C. Bolle, A. Sierra, S. Mumtaz, M. Esmaeelpour, E. Burrows, R. Essiambre, P. Winzer, D. Peckham, A. McCurdy, and R. Lingle, “Mode-division multiplexing over 96 km of few-mode fiber using coherent 6 × 6 MIMO processing,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 30, 521–531 (2012).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

G. VanWiggeren and D. Baney, “Swept-wavelength interferometric analysis of multiport components,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1267–1269 (2003).
[Crossref]

B. Franz and H. Bulow, “Experimental evaluation of principal mode groups as high-speed transmission channels in spatial multiplex systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 1363–1365 (2012).
[Crossref]

Nature communications (1)

J. Bland-Hawthorn, S. Ellis, S. Leon-Saval, R. Haynes, M. Roth, H.-G. Löhmannsröben, A. Horton, J.-G. Cuby, T. A. Birks, J. Lawrence, P. Gillingham, S. D. Ryder, and C. Trinh, “A complex multi-notch astronomical filter to suppress the bright infrared sky,” Nature communications 2, 581 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (3)

Science (1)

H. R. Stuart, “Dispersive multiplexing in multimode optical fiber,” Science 289, 281–283 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Other (14)

N. Fontaine, S. Leon-Saval, R. Ryf, J. Gil, B. Ercan, and J. Bland-Hawthorn, “Mode-selective dissimilar fiber photonic-lantern spatial multiplexers for few-mode fiber,” in Optical Communication (ECOC 2013), 39th European Conference and Exhibition on, paper PD1-C-3.

K. Shi, G. Gordon, M. Paskov, J. Carpenter, T. Wilkinson, and B. Thomsen, “Degenerate mode-group division multiplexing using MIMO digital signal processing,” in Photonics Society Summer Topical Meeting Series, (IEEE, 2013), pp. 141–142.
[Crossref]

M. de Boer, C. P. Tsekrekos, A. Martinez, H. Kurniawan, J. W. M. Bergmans, A. M. J. Koonen, H. P. A. van den Boom, and F. M. J. Willems, “A first demonstrator for a mode group diversity multiplexing communication system,” in Proc. IEE Seminar (Ref Optical Fibre Communications and Electronic Signal Processing No. 2005-11310), (IEE, 2005), pp. 16/1.

R. Ryf, S. Randel, A. H. Gnauck, C. Bolle, R.-J. Essiambre, P. J. Winzer, D. W. Peckham, A. McCurdy, and R. Lingle, “Space-division multiplexing over 10 km of three-mode fiber using coherent 6 × 6 MIMO processing,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference 2011, (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper PDP-B-10.
[Crossref]

S. Randel, R. Ryf, A. Gnauck, M. Mestre, C. Schmidt, R. Essiambre, P. Winzer, R. Delbue, P. Pupalaikis, A. Sureka, Y. Sun, X. Jiang, and R. Lingle, “Mode-multiplexed 6×20-GBd QPSK transmission over 1200-km DGD-compensated few-mode fiber,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference 2012, (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper PDP5C.5.

R. Ryf, N. Fontaine, J. Dunayevsky, D. Sinefeld, M. Blau, M. Montoliu, S. Randel, C. Liu, B. Ercan, M. Esmaeelpour, S. Chandrasekhar, A. Gnauck, S. Leon-Saval, J. Bland-Hawthorn, J. Salazar-Gil, Y. Sun, L. Gruner-Nielsen, R. Lingle, and D. Marom, “Wavelength-selective switch for few-mode fiber transmission,” in Optical Communication (ECOC 2013), 39th European Conference and Exhibition on, PD1-C-4 (2013).
[Crossref]

R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, M. A. Mestre, S. Randel, X. Palou, C. Bolle, A. H. Gnauck, S. Chandrasekhar, X. Liu, B. Guan, R.-J. Essiambre, P. J. Winzer, S. Leon-Saval, J. Bland-Hawthorn, R. Delbue, P. Pupalaikis, A. Sureka, Y. Sun, L. Grüner-Nielsen, R. V. Jensen, and R. Lingle, “12 × 12 MIMO transmission over 130-km few-mode fiber,” in Frontiers in Optics 2012/Laser Science XXVIII, (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper FW6-C.4.
[Crossref]

R. Ryf, S. Randel, N. K. Fontaine, M. Montoliu, E. Burrows, S. Chandrasekhar, A. H. Gnauck, C. Xie, R.-J. Essiambre, P. Winzer, R. Delbue, P. Pupalaikis, A. Sureka, Y. Sun, L. Gruner-Nielsen, R. V. Jensen, and R. Lingle, “32-bit/s/Hz spectral efficiency WDM transmission over 177-km few-mode fiber,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference 2013, (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper PDP5A.1.
[Crossref]

N. Fontaine and R. Ryf, “Characterization of mode-dependent loss of laser inscribed photonic lanterns for space division multiplexing systems,” in OptoElectronics and Communications Conference held jointly with 2013 International Conference on Photonics in Switching (OECC/PS), (Institute of Electronics, Information and Communication Engineers, 2013), paper MR2-2.

R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, H. Chen, B. Guan, S. Randel, N. Sauer, S. Yoo, A. Koonen, R. Delbue, P. Pupalaikis, A. Sureka, R. Shubochkin, Y. Sun, and R. Lingle, “23 Tbit/s transmission over 17-km conventional 50 um graded-index multimode fiber,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference 2014, (Optical Society of America, 2014), paper Th5B.1.

D. Peckham, Y. Sun, A. McCurdy, and R. Lingle, “Few-mode fiber technology for spatial multiplexing,” in Optical Fiber Telecommunication VIA, I. Kaminow, T. Li, and A. Willner, eds. (Elsevier, 2013).
[Crossref]

R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, B. Guan, B. Huang, M. Esmaeelpour, S. Randel, A. H. Gnauck, S. Chandrasekhar, A. Adamiecki, G. Raybon, R. W. Tkach, R. Shubochkin, Y. Sun, and R. J. Lingle, “305-km combined wavelength and mode-multiplexed transmission over conventional graded-index multimode fibre,” in Optical Communication (ECOC 2014), 40th European Conference and Exhibition on, paper PD-3.5.

N. Fontaine, R. Ryf, M. Mestre, B. Guan, X. Palou, S. Randel, Y. Sun, L. Gruner-Nielsen, R. Jensen, and R. Lingle, “Characterization of space-division multiplexing systems using a swept-wavelength interferometer,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference 2013, (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper OW1K.2.
[Crossref]

S. Randel, P. Winzer, M. Montoliu, and R. Ryf, “Complexity analysis of adaptive frequency-domain equalization for MIMO-SDM transmission,” in Optical Communication (ECOC 2013), 39th European Conference and Exhibition on, paper Th.2.C.4.

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 a) Exemplary index profile of a graded index multimode fiber. b) Relation between LP modes, spatial modes and mode groups in multimode fibers. c) Mode group Spectrogram of a 8.861 km multimode fiber. The horizontal axis represents the time response and the vertical axis represents the measurement wavelength.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Differential group delay compensation in recirculating loop experiment. The time delay introduce by the by the difference in group delay between the modes is compensated using single mode fibers od different length after the MS-PHL.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 a) Schematically setup for the mode-multiplexed transmission experiment over 44.3-km multimode fiber. Triangles denote EDFAs. b) Configuration of the multimode fiber span.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Intensity impulse responses of a cascaded 44.3 km multimode fiber span after DGD compensation by mode-selective photonic lantern. The Intensity averaged impulse responses are reported for various combination of launched and received LP modes for distances of 44.3, 89, 133, and 310 km, respectively.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Q-factor as function of the distance for all WDM channels.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 a) Setup for 12 × 12 MIMO transmission over MMF. EDFAs are denoted by triangles. b) Schematic design and cross section of a photonic-lantern mode coupler. Mode profiles of the PL-MUX when input fibers are illuminated are shown in the bottom left. c) Schematic design and dimensions of the spatial filters.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 a) BERs for 32 WDM channels ranging from 1537.40 to 1561.42 nm. b) BER as function of OSNR plotted for back-to-back, and 10 m, 8.7 km, and 17 km of MMF. c) Intensity impulse response of the MMF for as function of MMF length d) Long-term BER measurement for 17 km MMF.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Fiber properties of the 5 multimode fiber spools composing the transmission span. L: Fiber length, DGDLPXX : Delay between LP01 and LPXX mode, respectively.

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