Abstract

We report the fourth harmonic generation at 266 nm using a type I YAl3(BO3)4 (YAB) single crystal from a Q-switch microchip laser Nd:YAG/Cr4+:YAG frequency doubled with a LiB3O5 (LBO) crystal. 240 kW peak power at 266 nm corresponding to a mean conversion efficiency of 12.2% from 532 to 266 nm has been obtained with a 2.94 mm thick YAB crystal. The influences of optical homogeneity and absorption on the conversion efficiency are discussed.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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References

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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  4. Q. Liu, X. P. Yan, X. Fu, M. Gong, and D. S. Wang, “High power all-solid-state fourth harmonic generation of 266 nm at the pulse repetition rate of 100 kHz,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(3), 203–206 (2009).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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  19. S. Zhao, J. Wang, D. Sun, X. Hu, and H. Liu, “Twin structure in Yb: YAl3(BO3)4 crystal,” J. Appl. Cryst. 34(5), 661–662 (2001).
    [Crossref]
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2014 (1)

2012 (2)

R. Bhandari, T. Taira, A. Miyamoto, Y. Furukawa, and T. Tago, “>3 MW peak power at 266 nm using Nd: YAG/Cr4+: YAG microchip laser and fluxless-BBO,” Opt. Mater. Express 2(7), 907–913 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Yu, L. Liu, N. Zhai, X. Zhang, G. Wang, X. Wang, and C. Chen, “Crystal growth and optical properties of YAl3(BO3)4 for UV applications,” J. Cryst. Growth 341(1), 61–65 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (3)

2010 (1)

X. Yu, Y. Yue, J. Yao, and Z. Hu, “YAl3(BO3)4: crystal growth and characterization,” J. Cryst. Growth 312(20), 3029–3033 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (2)

L. Liu, C. Liu, X. Wang, Z. G. Hu, R. K. Li, and C. T. Chen, “Impact of Fe3+ on UV absorption of K2Al2B2O7 crystals,” Solid State Sci. 11(4), 841–844 (2009).
[Crossref]

Q. Liu, X. P. Yan, X. Fu, M. Gong, and D. S. Wang, “High power all-solid-state fourth harmonic generation of 266 nm at the pulse repetition rate of 100 kHz,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(3), 203–206 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (2)

H. Sakai, H. Kan, and T. Taira, “>1 MW peak power single-mode high-brightness passively Q-switched Nd 3+:YAG microchip laser,” Opt. Express 16(24), 19891–19899 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Rytz, A. Gross, S. Vernay, and V. Wesemann, “YAl3(BO3)4: a novel NLO crystal for frequency conversion to UV wavelengths,” Proc. SPIE 6998, 699814 (2008).
[Crossref]

2006 (2)

G. Wang, A. Geng, Y. Bo, H. Li, Z. Sun, Y. Bi, D. Cui, Z. Xu, X. Yuan, X. Wang, G. Shen, and D. Shen, “28.4 W 266 nm ultraviolet-beam generation by fourth-harmonic generation of an all-solid-state laser,” Opt. Commun. 259(2), 820–822 (2006).
[Crossref]

P. Dekker and J. Dawes, “Twinning and “natural quasi-phase matching” in Yb:YAB,” Appl. Phys. B 83(2), 267–271 (2006).
[Crossref]

2001 (1)

S. Zhao, J. Wang, D. Sun, X. Hu, and H. Liu, “Twin structure in Yb: YAl3(BO3)4 crystal,” J. Appl. Cryst. 34(5), 661–662 (2001).
[Crossref]

2000 (1)

A. Péter, K. Polgar, and E. Beregi, “Revealing growth defects in non-linear borate single crystals by chemical etching,” J. Cryst. Growth 209(1), 102–109 (2000).
[Crossref]

1998 (1)

P. Becker, “Borate materials in nonlinear optics,” Adv. Mater. 10(13), 979–992 (1998).
[Crossref]

1995 (1)

G. Wang, H. G. Gallagher, T. P. J. Han, and B. Henderson, “Crystal growth and optical characterization of Cr3+ - doped YAl3(BO3)4,” J. Cryst. Growth 153(3-4), 169–174 (1995).
[Crossref]

1992 (1)

D. A. Roberts, “Simplified characterization of uniaxial and biaxial nonlinear optical crystals: a plea for standardization of nomenclature and conventions,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28(10), 2057–2074 (1992).
[Crossref]

1985 (1)

Becker, P.

P. Becker, “Borate materials in nonlinear optics,” Adv. Mater. 10(13), 979–992 (1998).
[Crossref]

Beregi, E.

A. Péter, K. Polgar, and E. Beregi, “Revealing growth defects in non-linear borate single crystals by chemical etching,” J. Cryst. Growth 209(1), 102–109 (2000).
[Crossref]

Bhandari, R.

Bi, Y.

G. Wang, A. Geng, Y. Bo, H. Li, Z. Sun, Y. Bi, D. Cui, Z. Xu, X. Yuan, X. Wang, G. Shen, and D. Shen, “28.4 W 266 nm ultraviolet-beam generation by fourth-harmonic generation of an all-solid-state laser,” Opt. Commun. 259(2), 820–822 (2006).
[Crossref]

Bo, Y.

G. Wang, A. Geng, Y. Bo, H. Li, Z. Sun, Y. Bi, D. Cui, Z. Xu, X. Yuan, X. Wang, G. Shen, and D. Shen, “28.4 W 266 nm ultraviolet-beam generation by fourth-harmonic generation of an all-solid-state laser,” Opt. Commun. 259(2), 820–822 (2006).
[Crossref]

Chen, C.

J. Yu, L. Liu, N. Zhai, X. Zhang, G. Wang, X. Wang, and C. Chen, “Crystal growth and optical properties of YAl3(BO3)4 for UV applications,” J. Cryst. Growth 341(1), 61–65 (2012).
[Crossref]

Y. Yue, Z. Hu, Y. Zhou, J. Wang, X. Zhang, C. Chen, and Z. Xu, “Growth and nonlinear optical properties of BaAlBO3F2 crystal,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 28(4), 861–866 (2011).
[Crossref]

Chen, C. T.

L. Liu, C. Liu, X. Wang, Z. G. Hu, R. K. Li, and C. T. Chen, “Impact of Fe3+ on UV absorption of K2Al2B2O7 crystals,” Solid State Sci. 11(4), 841–844 (2009).
[Crossref]

Cui, D.

G. Wang, A. Geng, Y. Bo, H. Li, Z. Sun, Y. Bi, D. Cui, Z. Xu, X. Yuan, X. Wang, G. Shen, and D. Shen, “28.4 W 266 nm ultraviolet-beam generation by fourth-harmonic generation of an all-solid-state laser,” Opt. Commun. 259(2), 820–822 (2006).
[Crossref]

Dawes, J.

P. Dekker and J. Dawes, “Twinning and “natural quasi-phase matching” in Yb:YAB,” Appl. Phys. B 83(2), 267–271 (2006).
[Crossref]

Dekker, P.

P. Dekker and J. Dawes, “Twinning and “natural quasi-phase matching” in Yb:YAB,” Appl. Phys. B 83(2), 267–271 (2006).
[Crossref]

Fang, S. H.

H. Liu, J. Li, S. H. Fang, J. Y. Wang, and N. Ye, “Growth of YAl3(BO3)4 crystals with tungstate based flux,” Mater. Res. Innov 15(2), 102–106 (2011).
[Crossref]

Fu, X.

Q. Liu, X. P. Yan, X. Fu, M. Gong, and D. S. Wang, “High power all-solid-state fourth harmonic generation of 266 nm at the pulse repetition rate of 100 kHz,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(3), 203–206 (2009).
[Crossref]

Furukawa, Y.

Gallagher, H. G.

G. Wang, H. G. Gallagher, T. P. J. Han, and B. Henderson, “Crystal growth and optical characterization of Cr3+ - doped YAl3(BO3)4,” J. Cryst. Growth 153(3-4), 169–174 (1995).
[Crossref]

Geng, A.

G. Wang, A. Geng, Y. Bo, H. Li, Z. Sun, Y. Bi, D. Cui, Z. Xu, X. Yuan, X. Wang, G. Shen, and D. Shen, “28.4 W 266 nm ultraviolet-beam generation by fourth-harmonic generation of an all-solid-state laser,” Opt. Commun. 259(2), 820–822 (2006).
[Crossref]

Gong, M.

Q. Liu, X. Yan, M. Gong, H. Liu, G. Zhang, and N. Ye, “High-power 266 nm ultraviolet generation in yttrium aluminum borate,” Opt. Lett. 36(14), 2653–2655 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Q. Liu, X. P. Yan, X. Fu, M. Gong, and D. S. Wang, “High power all-solid-state fourth harmonic generation of 266 nm at the pulse repetition rate of 100 kHz,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(3), 203–206 (2009).
[Crossref]

Gross, A.

D. Rytz, A. Gross, S. Vernay, and V. Wesemann, “YAl3(BO3)4: a novel NLO crystal for frequency conversion to UV wavelengths,” Proc. SPIE 6998, 699814 (2008).
[Crossref]

Han, T. P. J.

G. Wang, H. G. Gallagher, T. P. J. Han, and B. Henderson, “Crystal growth and optical characterization of Cr3+ - doped YAl3(BO3)4,” J. Cryst. Growth 153(3-4), 169–174 (1995).
[Crossref]

Henderson, B.

G. Wang, H. G. Gallagher, T. P. J. Han, and B. Henderson, “Crystal growth and optical characterization of Cr3+ - doped YAl3(BO3)4,” J. Cryst. Growth 153(3-4), 169–174 (1995).
[Crossref]

Hu, X.

S. Zhao, J. Wang, D. Sun, X. Hu, and H. Liu, “Twin structure in Yb: YAl3(BO3)4 crystal,” J. Appl. Cryst. 34(5), 661–662 (2001).
[Crossref]

Hu, Z.

Y. Yue, Z. Hu, Y. Zhou, J. Wang, X. Zhang, C. Chen, and Z. Xu, “Growth and nonlinear optical properties of BaAlBO3F2 crystal,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 28(4), 861–866 (2011).
[Crossref]

X. Yu, Y. Yue, J. Yao, and Z. Hu, “YAl3(BO3)4: crystal growth and characterization,” J. Cryst. Growth 312(20), 3029–3033 (2010).
[Crossref]

Hu, Z. G.

L. Liu, C. Liu, X. Wang, Z. G. Hu, R. K. Li, and C. T. Chen, “Impact of Fe3+ on UV absorption of K2Al2B2O7 crystals,” Solid State Sci. 11(4), 841–844 (2009).
[Crossref]

Imade, M.

Kan, H.

Li, H.

G. Wang, A. Geng, Y. Bo, H. Li, Z. Sun, Y. Bi, D. Cui, Z. Xu, X. Yuan, X. Wang, G. Shen, and D. Shen, “28.4 W 266 nm ultraviolet-beam generation by fourth-harmonic generation of an all-solid-state laser,” Opt. Commun. 259(2), 820–822 (2006).
[Crossref]

Li, J.

H. Liu, J. Li, S. H. Fang, J. Y. Wang, and N. Ye, “Growth of YAl3(BO3)4 crystals with tungstate based flux,” Mater. Res. Innov 15(2), 102–106 (2011).
[Crossref]

Li, R. K.

L. Liu, C. Liu, X. Wang, Z. G. Hu, R. K. Li, and C. T. Chen, “Impact of Fe3+ on UV absorption of K2Al2B2O7 crystals,” Solid State Sci. 11(4), 841–844 (2009).
[Crossref]

Liu, C.

L. Liu, C. Liu, X. Wang, Z. G. Hu, R. K. Li, and C. T. Chen, “Impact of Fe3+ on UV absorption of K2Al2B2O7 crystals,” Solid State Sci. 11(4), 841–844 (2009).
[Crossref]

Liu, H.

H. Liu, J. Li, S. H. Fang, J. Y. Wang, and N. Ye, “Growth of YAl3(BO3)4 crystals with tungstate based flux,” Mater. Res. Innov 15(2), 102–106 (2011).
[Crossref]

Q. Liu, X. Yan, M. Gong, H. Liu, G. Zhang, and N. Ye, “High-power 266 nm ultraviolet generation in yttrium aluminum borate,” Opt. Lett. 36(14), 2653–2655 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Zhao, J. Wang, D. Sun, X. Hu, and H. Liu, “Twin structure in Yb: YAl3(BO3)4 crystal,” J. Appl. Cryst. 34(5), 661–662 (2001).
[Crossref]

Liu, L.

J. Yu, L. Liu, N. Zhai, X. Zhang, G. Wang, X. Wang, and C. Chen, “Crystal growth and optical properties of YAl3(BO3)4 for UV applications,” J. Cryst. Growth 341(1), 61–65 (2012).
[Crossref]

L. Liu, C. Liu, X. Wang, Z. G. Hu, R. K. Li, and C. T. Chen, “Impact of Fe3+ on UV absorption of K2Al2B2O7 crystals,” Solid State Sci. 11(4), 841–844 (2009).
[Crossref]

Liu, Q.

Q. Liu, X. Yan, M. Gong, H. Liu, G. Zhang, and N. Ye, “High-power 266 nm ultraviolet generation in yttrium aluminum borate,” Opt. Lett. 36(14), 2653–2655 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Q. Liu, X. P. Yan, X. Fu, M. Gong, and D. S. Wang, “High power all-solid-state fourth harmonic generation of 266 nm at the pulse repetition rate of 100 kHz,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(3), 203–206 (2009).
[Crossref]

Miyamoto, A.

Mori, Y.

Péter, A.

A. Péter, K. Polgar, and E. Beregi, “Revealing growth defects in non-linear borate single crystals by chemical etching,” J. Cryst. Growth 209(1), 102–109 (2000).
[Crossref]

Polgar, K.

A. Péter, K. Polgar, and E. Beregi, “Revealing growth defects in non-linear borate single crystals by chemical etching,” J. Cryst. Growth 209(1), 102–109 (2000).
[Crossref]

Roberts, D. A.

D. A. Roberts, “Simplified characterization of uniaxial and biaxial nonlinear optical crystals: a plea for standardization of nomenclature and conventions,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28(10), 2057–2074 (1992).
[Crossref]

Rytz, D.

D. Rytz, A. Gross, S. Vernay, and V. Wesemann, “YAl3(BO3)4: a novel NLO crystal for frequency conversion to UV wavelengths,” Proc. SPIE 6998, 699814 (2008).
[Crossref]

Sakai, H.

Sasaki, T.

Shen, D.

G. Wang, A. Geng, Y. Bo, H. Li, Z. Sun, Y. Bi, D. Cui, Z. Xu, X. Yuan, X. Wang, G. Shen, and D. Shen, “28.4 W 266 nm ultraviolet-beam generation by fourth-harmonic generation of an all-solid-state laser,” Opt. Commun. 259(2), 820–822 (2006).
[Crossref]

Shen, G.

G. Wang, A. Geng, Y. Bo, H. Li, Z. Sun, Y. Bi, D. Cui, Z. Xu, X. Yuan, X. Wang, G. Shen, and D. Shen, “28.4 W 266 nm ultraviolet-beam generation by fourth-harmonic generation of an all-solid-state laser,” Opt. Commun. 259(2), 820–822 (2006).
[Crossref]

Soileau, M. J.

Sun, D.

S. Zhao, J. Wang, D. Sun, X. Hu, and H. Liu, “Twin structure in Yb: YAl3(BO3)4 crystal,” J. Appl. Cryst. 34(5), 661–662 (2001).
[Crossref]

Sun, Z.

G. Wang, A. Geng, Y. Bo, H. Li, Z. Sun, Y. Bi, D. Cui, Z. Xu, X. Yuan, X. Wang, G. Shen, and D. Shen, “28.4 W 266 nm ultraviolet-beam generation by fourth-harmonic generation of an all-solid-state laser,” Opt. Commun. 259(2), 820–822 (2006).
[Crossref]

Tago, T.

Taira, T.

Takachiho, K.

Takahashi, Y.

Van Stryland, E. W.

Vanherzeele, H.

Vernay, S.

D. Rytz, A. Gross, S. Vernay, and V. Wesemann, “YAl3(BO3)4: a novel NLO crystal for frequency conversion to UV wavelengths,” Proc. SPIE 6998, 699814 (2008).
[Crossref]

Wang, D. S.

Q. Liu, X. P. Yan, X. Fu, M. Gong, and D. S. Wang, “High power all-solid-state fourth harmonic generation of 266 nm at the pulse repetition rate of 100 kHz,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(3), 203–206 (2009).
[Crossref]

Wang, G.

J. Yu, L. Liu, N. Zhai, X. Zhang, G. Wang, X. Wang, and C. Chen, “Crystal growth and optical properties of YAl3(BO3)4 for UV applications,” J. Cryst. Growth 341(1), 61–65 (2012).
[Crossref]

G. Wang, A. Geng, Y. Bo, H. Li, Z. Sun, Y. Bi, D. Cui, Z. Xu, X. Yuan, X. Wang, G. Shen, and D. Shen, “28.4 W 266 nm ultraviolet-beam generation by fourth-harmonic generation of an all-solid-state laser,” Opt. Commun. 259(2), 820–822 (2006).
[Crossref]

G. Wang, H. G. Gallagher, T. P. J. Han, and B. Henderson, “Crystal growth and optical characterization of Cr3+ - doped YAl3(BO3)4,” J. Cryst. Growth 153(3-4), 169–174 (1995).
[Crossref]

Wang, J.

Y. Yue, Z. Hu, Y. Zhou, J. Wang, X. Zhang, C. Chen, and Z. Xu, “Growth and nonlinear optical properties of BaAlBO3F2 crystal,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 28(4), 861–866 (2011).
[Crossref]

S. Zhao, J. Wang, D. Sun, X. Hu, and H. Liu, “Twin structure in Yb: YAl3(BO3)4 crystal,” J. Appl. Cryst. 34(5), 661–662 (2001).
[Crossref]

Wang, J. Y.

H. Liu, J. Li, S. H. Fang, J. Y. Wang, and N. Ye, “Growth of YAl3(BO3)4 crystals with tungstate based flux,” Mater. Res. Innov 15(2), 102–106 (2011).
[Crossref]

Wang, X.

J. Yu, L. Liu, N. Zhai, X. Zhang, G. Wang, X. Wang, and C. Chen, “Crystal growth and optical properties of YAl3(BO3)4 for UV applications,” J. Cryst. Growth 341(1), 61–65 (2012).
[Crossref]

L. Liu, C. Liu, X. Wang, Z. G. Hu, R. K. Li, and C. T. Chen, “Impact of Fe3+ on UV absorption of K2Al2B2O7 crystals,” Solid State Sci. 11(4), 841–844 (2009).
[Crossref]

G. Wang, A. Geng, Y. Bo, H. Li, Z. Sun, Y. Bi, D. Cui, Z. Xu, X. Yuan, X. Wang, G. Shen, and D. Shen, “28.4 W 266 nm ultraviolet-beam generation by fourth-harmonic generation of an all-solid-state laser,” Opt. Commun. 259(2), 820–822 (2006).
[Crossref]

Wesemann, V.

D. Rytz, A. Gross, S. Vernay, and V. Wesemann, “YAl3(BO3)4: a novel NLO crystal for frequency conversion to UV wavelengths,” Proc. SPIE 6998, 699814 (2008).
[Crossref]

Woodall, M. A.

Xu, Z.

Y. Yue, Z. Hu, Y. Zhou, J. Wang, X. Zhang, C. Chen, and Z. Xu, “Growth and nonlinear optical properties of BaAlBO3F2 crystal,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 28(4), 861–866 (2011).
[Crossref]

G. Wang, A. Geng, Y. Bo, H. Li, Z. Sun, Y. Bi, D. Cui, Z. Xu, X. Yuan, X. Wang, G. Shen, and D. Shen, “28.4 W 266 nm ultraviolet-beam generation by fourth-harmonic generation of an all-solid-state laser,” Opt. Commun. 259(2), 820–822 (2006).
[Crossref]

Yan, X.

Yan, X. P.

Q. Liu, X. P. Yan, X. Fu, M. Gong, and D. S. Wang, “High power all-solid-state fourth harmonic generation of 266 nm at the pulse repetition rate of 100 kHz,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(3), 203–206 (2009).
[Crossref]

Yao, J.

X. Yu, Y. Yue, J. Yao, and Z. Hu, “YAl3(BO3)4: crystal growth and characterization,” J. Cryst. Growth 312(20), 3029–3033 (2010).
[Crossref]

Ye, N.

H. Liu, J. Li, S. H. Fang, J. Y. Wang, and N. Ye, “Growth of YAl3(BO3)4 crystals with tungstate based flux,” Mater. Res. Innov 15(2), 102–106 (2011).
[Crossref]

Q. Liu, X. Yan, M. Gong, H. Liu, G. Zhang, and N. Ye, “High-power 266 nm ultraviolet generation in yttrium aluminum borate,” Opt. Lett. 36(14), 2653–2655 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yoshimura, M.

Yu, J.

J. Yu, L. Liu, N. Zhai, X. Zhang, G. Wang, X. Wang, and C. Chen, “Crystal growth and optical properties of YAl3(BO3)4 for UV applications,” J. Cryst. Growth 341(1), 61–65 (2012).
[Crossref]

Yu, X.

X. Yu, Y. Yue, J. Yao, and Z. Hu, “YAl3(BO3)4: crystal growth and characterization,” J. Cryst. Growth 312(20), 3029–3033 (2010).
[Crossref]

Yuan, X.

G. Wang, A. Geng, Y. Bo, H. Li, Z. Sun, Y. Bi, D. Cui, Z. Xu, X. Yuan, X. Wang, G. Shen, and D. Shen, “28.4 W 266 nm ultraviolet-beam generation by fourth-harmonic generation of an all-solid-state laser,” Opt. Commun. 259(2), 820–822 (2006).
[Crossref]

Yue, Y.

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Figures (9)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Photograph of the polished slab of YAB single crystal cut in the XZ plane (θ = 66.9°, φ = 0°).
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Transmittance at room temperature with unpolarized light of a 2.94 mm thick type I YAB single crystal (θ = 66.9 °, φ = 0°).
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Experimental setup for fourth harmonic generation with YAB crystal.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 M2 and waist measurements for the laser beam at 532 nm.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Photographs of two UV beams at 266 nm taken in two different positions in the crystal.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Conversion efficiency from 532 nm to 266 nm and output energy at 266 nm versus input energy and intensity at 532 nm.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 Pulse width of UV beam at 266 nm.
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 E LOSS , E 266 and E 532 R versus E 532 0 .
Fig. 9
Fig. 9 Intensity-dependent transmittance at 266 nm.

Equations (5)

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L C = w 0 π ρ
P=0.94 E τ
I= 2P π w 0 2
E LOSS = E 532 0 E 532 R E 266
dI dz =αIβ I 2

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