Abstract

A parallel transmission approach is more likely to realize 400 Gb/s and above short reach transmission as it helps to reduce the cost of both electrical and optical device largely. Directly modulated lasers (DML) are more attractive in 400 Gb/s approach, because it requires relatively small amount of driving power and has low insertion loss, thus lowering its cost. However, the intrinsic chirp will degrade the transmission performance. In this paper, an optical filtering technique is introduced for 400 Gb/s high-speed DML-based carrierless amplitude and phase (CAP) modulation short reach systems for the first time. Owing to the additional optical filter, 1 dB and 3.6 dB sensitivity improvement at BER of 3.8x10−3 is obtained for the back-to-back and 15 km fiber link transmission for single lane at the bitrate of 28 Gb/s. Then a 16-lane CAP16 system with a total bit rate of 413 Gb/s is demonstrated experimentally using low-cost 10 GHz-class DML using optical filtering technique.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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References

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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
  17. C. Sánchez, B. Ortega, J. L. Wei, and J. Capmany, “Optical filtering in directly modulated/detected OOFDM systems,” Opt. Express 21(25), 30591–30609 (2013).
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  18. L. Sliwczynski, P. Krehlik, and L. Buczek, “Optimisation of narrowband optical filters for 10 Gbit/s directly modulated laser transmitters,” Optica Applicata 40(1), 33–47 (2010).
  19. L. S. Yan, Y. Wang, B. Zhang, C. Yu, J. McGeehan, L. Paraschis, and A. E. Willner, “Reach extension in 10-Gb/s directly modulated transmission systems using asymmetric and narrowband optical filtering,” Opt. Express 13(13), 5106–5115 (2005).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  20. G. Bosco, “Spectral Shaping in Ultra-Dense WDM Systems: Optical vs. Electrical Approaches,” Opt. Fiber Conf. (OFC2012), Los Angeles, USA, OM3H.1, Mar. (2012).
    [Crossref]
  21. J. Yu, Z. Dong, and N. Chi, “1.96-Tb/s (21x100 Gb/s) optical OFDM superchannel generation and transmission over 3200-km SMF-28 with EDFA-only,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23(15), 1061–1063 (2011).
    [Crossref]

2014 (3)

2013 (5)

2011 (1)

J. Yu, Z. Dong, and N. Chi, “1.96-Tb/s (21x100 Gb/s) optical OFDM superchannel generation and transmission over 3200-km SMF-28 with EDFA-only,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23(15), 1061–1063 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (2)

L. Sliwczynski, P. Krehlik, and L. Buczek, “Optimisation of narrowband optical filters for 10 Gbit/s directly modulated laser transmitters,” Optica Applicata 40(1), 33–47 (2010).

P. Winzer, “Beyond 100G ethernet,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 48(7), 26–30 (2010).
[Crossref]

2005 (1)

Buczek, L.

L. Sliwczynski, P. Krehlik, and L. Buczek, “Optimisation of narrowband optical filters for 10 Gbit/s directly modulated laser transmitters,” Optica Applicata 40(1), 33–47 (2010).

Capmany, J.

Cheng, Q.

Chi, N.

L. Tao, Y. Wang, Y. Gao, and N. Chi, “High order CAP system using DML for short reach optical communications,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26(13), 1348–1351 (2014).
[Crossref]

L. Tao, Y. Wang, Y. Gao, A. P. T. Lau, N. Chi, and C. Lu, “40 Gb/s CAP32 system with DD-LMS equalizer for short reach optical transmissions,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25(23), 2346–2349 (2013).
[Crossref]

L. Tao, Y. Wang, Y. Gao, A. P. T. Lau, N. Chi, and C. Lu, “Experimental demonstration of 10 Gb/s multi-level carrier-less amplitude and phase modulation for short range optical communication systems,” Opt. Express 21(5), 6459–6465 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Zhang, J. Yu, F. Li, N. Chi, Z. Dong, and X. Li, “11 × 5 × 9.3Gb/s WDM-CAP-PON based on optical single-side band multi-level multi-band carrier-less amplitude and phase modulation with direct detection,” Opt. Express 21(16), 18842–18848 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Yu, Z. Dong, and N. Chi, “1.96-Tb/s (21x100 Gb/s) optical OFDM superchannel generation and transmission over 3200-km SMF-28 with EDFA-only,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23(15), 1061–1063 (2011).
[Crossref]

Cunningham, D. G.

Dong, Z.

J. Zhang, J. Yu, F. Li, N. Chi, Z. Dong, and X. Li, “11 × 5 × 9.3Gb/s WDM-CAP-PON based on optical single-side band multi-level multi-band carrier-less amplitude and phase modulation with direct detection,” Opt. Express 21(16), 18842–18848 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Yu, Z. Dong, and N. Chi, “1.96-Tb/s (21x100 Gb/s) optical OFDM superchannel generation and transmission over 3200-km SMF-28 with EDFA-only,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23(15), 1061–1063 (2011).
[Crossref]

Estaran, J.

T. Zuo, A. Tatarczak, M. I. Olmedo, J. Estaran, J. B. Jensen, Q. Zhong, X. Xu, and I. T. Monroy, “O-band 400 Gbit/s client side optical transmission link,” Opt. Fiber Conf. (OFC2014), San Francisco, USA, Mar. (2014).
[Crossref]

Gao, Y.

L. Tao, Y. Wang, Y. Gao, and N. Chi, “High order CAP system using DML for short reach optical communications,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26(13), 1348–1351 (2014).
[Crossref]

L. Tao, Y. Wang, Y. Gao, A. P. T. Lau, N. Chi, and C. Lu, “40 Gb/s CAP32 system with DD-LMS equalizer for short reach optical transmissions,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25(23), 2346–2349 (2013).
[Crossref]

L. Tao, Y. Wang, Y. Gao, A. P. T. Lau, N. Chi, and C. Lu, “Experimental demonstration of 10 Gb/s multi-level carrier-less amplitude and phase modulation for short range optical communication systems,” Opt. Express 21(5), 6459–6465 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gutiérrez-Castrejón, R.

Ingham, J. D.

Jensen, J. B.

M. I. Olmedo, T. Zuo, J. B. Jensen, Q. Zhong, X. Xu, S. Popov, and I. T. Monroy, “Multiband carrierless amplitude phase modulation for high capacity optical data links,” J. Lightwave Technol. 32(4), 798–804 (2014).
[Crossref]

T. Zuo, A. Tatarczak, M. I. Olmedo, J. Estaran, J. B. Jensen, Q. Zhong, X. Xu, and I. T. Monroy, “O-band 400 Gbit/s client side optical transmission link,” Opt. Fiber Conf. (OFC2014), San Francisco, USA, Mar. (2014).
[Crossref]

Krehlik, P.

L. Sliwczynski, P. Krehlik, and L. Buczek, “Optimisation of narrowband optical filters for 10 Gbit/s directly modulated laser transmitters,” Optica Applicata 40(1), 33–47 (2010).

Lau, A. P. T.

L. Tao, Y. Wang, Y. Gao, A. P. T. Lau, N. Chi, and C. Lu, “Experimental demonstration of 10 Gb/s multi-level carrier-less amplitude and phase modulation for short range optical communication systems,” Opt. Express 21(5), 6459–6465 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Tao, Y. Wang, Y. Gao, A. P. T. Lau, N. Chi, and C. Lu, “40 Gb/s CAP32 system with DD-LMS equalizer for short reach optical transmissions,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25(23), 2346–2349 (2013).
[Crossref]

Li, F.

Li, X.

Lu, C.

L. Tao, Y. Wang, Y. Gao, A. P. T. Lau, N. Chi, and C. Lu, “40 Gb/s CAP32 system with DD-LMS equalizer for short reach optical transmissions,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25(23), 2346–2349 (2013).
[Crossref]

L. Tao, Y. Wang, Y. Gao, A. P. T. Lau, N. Chi, and C. Lu, “Experimental demonstration of 10 Gb/s multi-level carrier-less amplitude and phase modulation for short range optical communication systems,” Opt. Express 21(5), 6459–6465 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

McGeehan, J.

Monroy, I. T.

M. I. Olmedo, T. Zuo, J. B. Jensen, Q. Zhong, X. Xu, S. Popov, and I. T. Monroy, “Multiband carrierless amplitude phase modulation for high capacity optical data links,” J. Lightwave Technol. 32(4), 798–804 (2014).
[Crossref]

T. Zuo, A. Tatarczak, M. I. Olmedo, J. Estaran, J. B. Jensen, Q. Zhong, X. Xu, and I. T. Monroy, “O-band 400 Gbit/s client side optical transmission link,” Opt. Fiber Conf. (OFC2014), San Francisco, USA, Mar. (2014).
[Crossref]

Olmedo, M. I.

M. I. Olmedo, T. Zuo, J. B. Jensen, Q. Zhong, X. Xu, S. Popov, and I. T. Monroy, “Multiband carrierless amplitude phase modulation for high capacity optical data links,” J. Lightwave Technol. 32(4), 798–804 (2014).
[Crossref]

T. Zuo, A. Tatarczak, M. I. Olmedo, J. Estaran, J. B. Jensen, Q. Zhong, X. Xu, and I. T. Monroy, “O-band 400 Gbit/s client side optical transmission link,” Opt. Fiber Conf. (OFC2014), San Francisco, USA, Mar. (2014).
[Crossref]

Ortega, B.

Paraschis, L.

Penty, R. V.

Popov, S.

Sánchez, C.

Sliwczynski, L.

L. Sliwczynski, P. Krehlik, and L. Buczek, “Optimisation of narrowband optical filters for 10 Gbit/s directly modulated laser transmitters,” Optica Applicata 40(1), 33–47 (2010).

Tao, L.

L. Tao, Y. Wang, Y. Gao, and N. Chi, “High order CAP system using DML for short reach optical communications,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26(13), 1348–1351 (2014).
[Crossref]

L. Tao, Y. Wang, Y. Gao, A. P. T. Lau, N. Chi, and C. Lu, “40 Gb/s CAP32 system with DD-LMS equalizer for short reach optical transmissions,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25(23), 2346–2349 (2013).
[Crossref]

L. Tao, Y. Wang, Y. Gao, A. P. T. Lau, N. Chi, and C. Lu, “Experimental demonstration of 10 Gb/s multi-level carrier-less amplitude and phase modulation for short range optical communication systems,” Opt. Express 21(5), 6459–6465 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tatarczak, A.

T. Zuo, A. Tatarczak, M. I. Olmedo, J. Estaran, J. B. Jensen, Q. Zhong, X. Xu, and I. T. Monroy, “O-band 400 Gbit/s client side optical transmission link,” Opt. Fiber Conf. (OFC2014), San Francisco, USA, Mar. (2014).
[Crossref]

Torres-Ferrera, P.

Wang, Y.

L. Tao, Y. Wang, Y. Gao, and N. Chi, “High order CAP system using DML for short reach optical communications,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26(13), 1348–1351 (2014).
[Crossref]

L. Tao, Y. Wang, Y. Gao, A. P. T. Lau, N. Chi, and C. Lu, “40 Gb/s CAP32 system with DD-LMS equalizer for short reach optical transmissions,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25(23), 2346–2349 (2013).
[Crossref]

L. Tao, Y. Wang, Y. Gao, A. P. T. Lau, N. Chi, and C. Lu, “Experimental demonstration of 10 Gb/s multi-level carrier-less amplitude and phase modulation for short range optical communication systems,” Opt. Express 21(5), 6459–6465 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. S. Yan, Y. Wang, B. Zhang, C. Yu, J. McGeehan, L. Paraschis, and A. E. Willner, “Reach extension in 10-Gb/s directly modulated transmission systems using asymmetric and narrowband optical filtering,” Opt. Express 13(13), 5106–5115 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wei, J. L.

White, I. H.

Willner, A. E.

Winzer, P.

P. Winzer, “Beyond 100G ethernet,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 48(7), 26–30 (2010).
[Crossref]

Xu, X.

M. I. Olmedo, T. Zuo, J. B. Jensen, Q. Zhong, X. Xu, S. Popov, and I. T. Monroy, “Multiband carrierless amplitude phase modulation for high capacity optical data links,” J. Lightwave Technol. 32(4), 798–804 (2014).
[Crossref]

T. Zuo, A. Tatarczak, M. I. Olmedo, J. Estaran, J. B. Jensen, Q. Zhong, X. Xu, and I. T. Monroy, “O-band 400 Gbit/s client side optical transmission link,” Opt. Fiber Conf. (OFC2014), San Francisco, USA, Mar. (2014).
[Crossref]

Yan, L. S.

Yu, C.

Yu, J.

J. Zhang, J. Yu, F. Li, N. Chi, Z. Dong, and X. Li, “11 × 5 × 9.3Gb/s WDM-CAP-PON based on optical single-side band multi-level multi-band carrier-less amplitude and phase modulation with direct detection,” Opt. Express 21(16), 18842–18848 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Yu, Z. Dong, and N. Chi, “1.96-Tb/s (21x100 Gb/s) optical OFDM superchannel generation and transmission over 3200-km SMF-28 with EDFA-only,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23(15), 1061–1063 (2011).
[Crossref]

Zhang, B.

Zhang, J.

Zhong, Q.

M. I. Olmedo, T. Zuo, J. B. Jensen, Q. Zhong, X. Xu, S. Popov, and I. T. Monroy, “Multiband carrierless amplitude phase modulation for high capacity optical data links,” J. Lightwave Technol. 32(4), 798–804 (2014).
[Crossref]

T. Zuo, A. Tatarczak, M. I. Olmedo, J. Estaran, J. B. Jensen, Q. Zhong, X. Xu, and I. T. Monroy, “O-band 400 Gbit/s client side optical transmission link,” Opt. Fiber Conf. (OFC2014), San Francisco, USA, Mar. (2014).
[Crossref]

Zuo, T.

M. I. Olmedo, T. Zuo, J. B. Jensen, Q. Zhong, X. Xu, S. Popov, and I. T. Monroy, “Multiband carrierless amplitude phase modulation for high capacity optical data links,” J. Lightwave Technol. 32(4), 798–804 (2014).
[Crossref]

T. Zuo, A. Tatarczak, M. I. Olmedo, J. Estaran, J. B. Jensen, Q. Zhong, X. Xu, and I. T. Monroy, “O-band 400 Gbit/s client side optical transmission link,” Opt. Fiber Conf. (OFC2014), San Francisco, USA, Mar. (2014).
[Crossref]

IEEE Commun. Mag. (1)

P. Winzer, “Beyond 100G ethernet,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 48(7), 26–30 (2010).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (3)

L. Tao, Y. Wang, Y. Gao, and N. Chi, “High order CAP system using DML for short reach optical communications,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26(13), 1348–1351 (2014).
[Crossref]

L. Tao, Y. Wang, Y. Gao, A. P. T. Lau, N. Chi, and C. Lu, “40 Gb/s CAP32 system with DD-LMS equalizer for short reach optical transmissions,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25(23), 2346–2349 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Yu, Z. Dong, and N. Chi, “1.96-Tb/s (21x100 Gb/s) optical OFDM superchannel generation and transmission over 3200-km SMF-28 with EDFA-only,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23(15), 1061–1063 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Optica Applicata (1)

L. Sliwczynski, P. Krehlik, and L. Buczek, “Optimisation of narrowband optical filters for 10 Gbit/s directly modulated laser transmitters,” Optica Applicata 40(1), 33–47 (2010).

Other (9)

G. Bosco, “Spectral Shaping in Ultra-Dense WDM Systems: Optical vs. Electrical Approaches,” Opt. Fiber Conf. (OFC2012), Los Angeles, USA, OM3H.1, Mar. (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Zhang, X. Li, Y. Xia, Y. Chen, X. Chen, J. Yu, and J. Xiao, “60-Gb/s CAP-64QAM transmission using DML with direct detection and digital equalization,” Opt. Fiber Conf. (OFC2014), San Francisco, USA, W1F.3, Mar. (2014).
[Crossref]

J. L. Wei, J. D. Ingham, R. V. Penty, and I. H. White, “Update on performance studies of 100 Gigabit ethernet enabled by advanced modulation formats,” IEEE Next Gen 100G Optical Ethernet Study Group, 2012.

T. Takahara, H. Isono, H. Sakamoto, Y. Miyaki, T. Tanaka, M. Nishihara, and J. C. Rasmussen, “400GbE draft proposal for 10 km based on 4 x 100G DMT,” IEEE 802.3bs 400 GbE Task Force, San Antonio Plenary meeting, November, 2014. http://ieee802.org/3/bs/public/14_11/takahara_3bs_01_1114.pdf .

B. Mason, D. Lewis, S. Corbeil, G. Nichol, J. Maki, B. Welch, V. Bhatt, K. Conroy, V. Parthasarathy, R. Rao, and A. Tipper, “Proposal for 400GE optical PMD for 2 km SMF objective based on 4 x 100G PAM4,” IEEE 802.3bs 400 GbE Task Force, San Antonio Plenary meeting, November, 2014. http://ieee802.org/3/bs/public/14_11/mason_3bs_01_1114.pdf .

T. Tanaka, M. Nishihara, T. Takahara, W. Yan, L. Li, Z. Tao, M. Matsuda, K. Takabayashi, and J. C. Rasmussen, “Experimental demonstration of 448-Gbps+ DMT transmission over 30-km SMF,” Opt. Fiber Conf. (OFC2014), San Francisco, USA, M2I.5, Mar. (2014).
[Crossref]

T. Zuo, A. Tatarczak, M. I. Olmedo, J. Estaran, J. B. Jensen, Q. Zhong, X. Xu, and I. T. Monroy, “O-band 400 Gbit/s client side optical transmission link,” Opt. Fiber Conf. (OFC2014), San Francisco, USA, Mar. (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. Doi, T. Ohyama, T. Yoshimatsu, S. Soma, and M. Oguma, “ 400GbE demonstration utilizing 100GbE optical sub-assemblies and cyclic arrayed waveguide gratings,” Opt. Fiber Conf. (OFC2014), San Francisco, CA, USA, M2E.2, Mar. (2014).
[Crossref]

M. I. Olmedo, A. Tatarczak, T. Zuo, J. Estaran, X. Xu, and I. T. Monroy, “Towards 100 Gbps over 100m MMF using a 850nm VCSEL,” Opt. Fiber Conf. (OFC2014), San Francisco, CA, USA, M2E.5, Mar. (2014).
[Crossref]

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Schematic diagram of the 400 Gb/s short reach communication link using optical filtering.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Experiment setup of 28 Gb/s CAP16 DML-based transmission system, DML: directly modulated laser, AWG: arbitrary waveform generator, WSS: wavelength selective switch
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 (a) Performance of optical filters with different center frequencies in back-to-back and 15 km transmission system, (b) Spectrum of CAP16 signal with and without optical filter at the optimal center frequency for back-to-back transmission.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 (a) the normalized amplitude of CAP16 signal after PD with and without optical filtering, Electrical spectrum of received CAP16 signal (b) without optical filtering, (c) with bandpass filter.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 BER performance of 28 Gb/s CAP16 signal for (a) BTB and (b) 15 km SSMF transmission with and without optical filtering.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Experiment setup of 400 Gb/s CAP16 DML-based transmission system, AWG: arbitrary waveform generator, WSS: wavelength selective switch, EA: electrical amplifier, PC: polarization controller, PM: phase modulator, AM: intensity modulator,.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 The measured spectrum (a) after WSS1, Inset: zoom in, (b) after PM, (c) after fiber link, (d) the 16th channel after WSS2, (e) BER performance of the 15th channel.
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 (a) BER performance for 16 channels and (b) 20 Gb/s CAP16 signal in the 16th channel over 15 km fiber link with optical filtering.

Equations (1)

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Δv( t )= 1 2π dϕ dt = α 4π ( dln( P( t ) ) dt +κP( t ) )

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