Abstract

We propose a mechanism for tuning the kinetic energy of surface plasmon generated electron pulses through control of the time delay between a pair of externally applied terahertz pulses. Varying the time delay results in translation, compression, and broadening of the kinetic energy spectrum of the generated electron pulse. We also observe that the electrons' kinetic energy dependence on the carrier envelope phase of the surface plasmon is preserved under the influence of a terahertz electric field.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. S. E. Irvine, A. L. Dechant, and A. Y. Elezzabi, “Generation of 0.4-keV femtosecond electron pulses using impulsively excited surface plasmons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93(18), 184801 (2004).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  2. P. Dombi, S. E. Irvine, P. Rácz, M. Lenner, N. Kroó, G. Farkas, A. Mitrofanov, A. Baltuška, T. Fuji, F. Krausz, and A. Y. Elezzabi, “Observation of few-cycle, strong-field phenomena in surface plasmon fields,” Opt. Express 18(23), 24206–24212 (2010).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  3. S. E. Irvine, P. Dombi, G. Farkas, and A. Y. Elezzabi, “Influence of the carrier-envelope phase of few-cycle pulses on ponderomotive surface-plasmon electron acceleration,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(14), 146801 (2006).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  4. P. Dombi, A. Hörl, P. Rácz, I. Márton, A. Trügler, J. R. Krenn, and U. Hohenester, “Ultrafast strong-field photoemission from plasmonic nanoparticles,” Nano Lett. 13(2), 674–678 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  5. J. Kupersztych, P. Monchicourt, and M. Raynaud, “Ponderomotive acceleration of photoelectrons in surface-plasmon-assisted multiphoton photoelectric emission,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86(22), 5180–5183 (2001).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  6. E. A. Peralta, K. Soong, R. J. England, E. R. Colby, Z. Wu, B. Montazeri, C. McGuinness, J. McNeur, K. J. Leedle, D. Walz, E. B. Sozer, B. Cowan, B. Schwartz, G. Travish, and R. L. Byer, “Demonstration of electron acceleration in a laser-driven dielectric microstructure,” Nature 503(7474), 91–94 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  7. A. H. Zewail, “Laser femtochemistry,” Science 242(4886), 1645–1653 (1988).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  8. F. Jona, J. A. Strozier, and W. S. Yang, “Low-energy electron diffraction for surface structure analysis,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 45(5), 527–585 (1982).
    [Crossref]
  9. A. Baltuška, Th. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, Ch. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields,” Nature 421(6923), 611–615 (2003).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  10. G. G. Paulus, F. Lindner, H. Walther, A. Baltuška, E. Goulielmakis, M. Lezius, and F. Krausz, “Measurement of the phase of few-cycle laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91(25), 253004 (2003).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  11. P. Rácz, S. E. Irvine, M. Lenner, A. Mitrofanov, A. Baltuška, A. Y. Elezzabi, and P. Dombi, “Strong-field plasmonic electron acceleration with few-cycle, phase-stabilized laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(11), 111116 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  12. S. E. Irvine and A. Y. Elezzabi, “Surface-plasmon-based electron acceleration,” Phys. Rev. A 73(1), 013815 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  13. P. Dombi and P. Rácz, “Ultrafast monoenergetic electron source by optical waveform control of surface plasmons,” Opt. Express 16(5), 2887–2893 (2008).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]

2013 (2)

P. Dombi, A. Hörl, P. Rácz, I. Márton, A. Trügler, J. R. Krenn, and U. Hohenester, “Ultrafast strong-field photoemission from plasmonic nanoparticles,” Nano Lett. 13(2), 674–678 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. A. Peralta, K. Soong, R. J. England, E. R. Colby, Z. Wu, B. Montazeri, C. McGuinness, J. McNeur, K. J. Leedle, D. Walz, E. B. Sozer, B. Cowan, B. Schwartz, G. Travish, and R. L. Byer, “Demonstration of electron acceleration in a laser-driven dielectric microstructure,” Nature 503(7474), 91–94 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2011 (1)

P. Rácz, S. E. Irvine, M. Lenner, A. Mitrofanov, A. Baltuška, A. Y. Elezzabi, and P. Dombi, “Strong-field plasmonic electron acceleration with few-cycle, phase-stabilized laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(11), 111116 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (1)

2008 (1)

2006 (2)

S. E. Irvine and A. Y. Elezzabi, “Surface-plasmon-based electron acceleration,” Phys. Rev. A 73(1), 013815 (2006).
[Crossref]

S. E. Irvine, P. Dombi, G. Farkas, and A. Y. Elezzabi, “Influence of the carrier-envelope phase of few-cycle pulses on ponderomotive surface-plasmon electron acceleration,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(14), 146801 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2004 (1)

S. E. Irvine, A. L. Dechant, and A. Y. Elezzabi, “Generation of 0.4-keV femtosecond electron pulses using impulsively excited surface plasmons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93(18), 184801 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2003 (2)

A. Baltuška, Th. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, Ch. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields,” Nature 421(6923), 611–615 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. G. Paulus, F. Lindner, H. Walther, A. Baltuška, E. Goulielmakis, M. Lezius, and F. Krausz, “Measurement of the phase of few-cycle laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91(25), 253004 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2001 (1)

J. Kupersztych, P. Monchicourt, and M. Raynaud, “Ponderomotive acceleration of photoelectrons in surface-plasmon-assisted multiphoton photoelectric emission,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86(22), 5180–5183 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1988 (1)

A. H. Zewail, “Laser femtochemistry,” Science 242(4886), 1645–1653 (1988).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1982 (1)

F. Jona, J. A. Strozier, and W. S. Yang, “Low-energy electron diffraction for surface structure analysis,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 45(5), 527–585 (1982).
[Crossref]

Baltuška, A.

P. Rácz, S. E. Irvine, M. Lenner, A. Mitrofanov, A. Baltuška, A. Y. Elezzabi, and P. Dombi, “Strong-field plasmonic electron acceleration with few-cycle, phase-stabilized laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(11), 111116 (2011).
[Crossref]

P. Dombi, S. E. Irvine, P. Rácz, M. Lenner, N. Kroó, G. Farkas, A. Mitrofanov, A. Baltuška, T. Fuji, F. Krausz, and A. Y. Elezzabi, “Observation of few-cycle, strong-field phenomena in surface plasmon fields,” Opt. Express 18(23), 24206–24212 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. G. Paulus, F. Lindner, H. Walther, A. Baltuška, E. Goulielmakis, M. Lezius, and F. Krausz, “Measurement of the phase of few-cycle laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91(25), 253004 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Baltuška, Th. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, Ch. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields,” Nature 421(6923), 611–615 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Byer, R. L.

E. A. Peralta, K. Soong, R. J. England, E. R. Colby, Z. Wu, B. Montazeri, C. McGuinness, J. McNeur, K. J. Leedle, D. Walz, E. B. Sozer, B. Cowan, B. Schwartz, G. Travish, and R. L. Byer, “Demonstration of electron acceleration in a laser-driven dielectric microstructure,” Nature 503(7474), 91–94 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Colby, E. R.

E. A. Peralta, K. Soong, R. J. England, E. R. Colby, Z. Wu, B. Montazeri, C. McGuinness, J. McNeur, K. J. Leedle, D. Walz, E. B. Sozer, B. Cowan, B. Schwartz, G. Travish, and R. L. Byer, “Demonstration of electron acceleration in a laser-driven dielectric microstructure,” Nature 503(7474), 91–94 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cowan, B.

E. A. Peralta, K. Soong, R. J. England, E. R. Colby, Z. Wu, B. Montazeri, C. McGuinness, J. McNeur, K. J. Leedle, D. Walz, E. B. Sozer, B. Cowan, B. Schwartz, G. Travish, and R. L. Byer, “Demonstration of electron acceleration in a laser-driven dielectric microstructure,” Nature 503(7474), 91–94 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dechant, A. L.

S. E. Irvine, A. L. Dechant, and A. Y. Elezzabi, “Generation of 0.4-keV femtosecond electron pulses using impulsively excited surface plasmons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93(18), 184801 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dombi, P.

P. Dombi, A. Hörl, P. Rácz, I. Márton, A. Trügler, J. R. Krenn, and U. Hohenester, “Ultrafast strong-field photoemission from plasmonic nanoparticles,” Nano Lett. 13(2), 674–678 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Rácz, S. E. Irvine, M. Lenner, A. Mitrofanov, A. Baltuška, A. Y. Elezzabi, and P. Dombi, “Strong-field plasmonic electron acceleration with few-cycle, phase-stabilized laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(11), 111116 (2011).
[Crossref]

P. Dombi, S. E. Irvine, P. Rácz, M. Lenner, N. Kroó, G. Farkas, A. Mitrofanov, A. Baltuška, T. Fuji, F. Krausz, and A. Y. Elezzabi, “Observation of few-cycle, strong-field phenomena in surface plasmon fields,” Opt. Express 18(23), 24206–24212 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Dombi and P. Rácz, “Ultrafast monoenergetic electron source by optical waveform control of surface plasmons,” Opt. Express 16(5), 2887–2893 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. E. Irvine, P. Dombi, G. Farkas, and A. Y. Elezzabi, “Influence of the carrier-envelope phase of few-cycle pulses on ponderomotive surface-plasmon electron acceleration,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(14), 146801 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Elezzabi, A. Y.

P. Rácz, S. E. Irvine, M. Lenner, A. Mitrofanov, A. Baltuška, A. Y. Elezzabi, and P. Dombi, “Strong-field plasmonic electron acceleration with few-cycle, phase-stabilized laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(11), 111116 (2011).
[Crossref]

P. Dombi, S. E. Irvine, P. Rácz, M. Lenner, N. Kroó, G. Farkas, A. Mitrofanov, A. Baltuška, T. Fuji, F. Krausz, and A. Y. Elezzabi, “Observation of few-cycle, strong-field phenomena in surface plasmon fields,” Opt. Express 18(23), 24206–24212 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. E. Irvine and A. Y. Elezzabi, “Surface-plasmon-based electron acceleration,” Phys. Rev. A 73(1), 013815 (2006).
[Crossref]

S. E. Irvine, P. Dombi, G. Farkas, and A. Y. Elezzabi, “Influence of the carrier-envelope phase of few-cycle pulses on ponderomotive surface-plasmon electron acceleration,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(14), 146801 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. E. Irvine, A. L. Dechant, and A. Y. Elezzabi, “Generation of 0.4-keV femtosecond electron pulses using impulsively excited surface plasmons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93(18), 184801 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

England, R. J.

E. A. Peralta, K. Soong, R. J. England, E. R. Colby, Z. Wu, B. Montazeri, C. McGuinness, J. McNeur, K. J. Leedle, D. Walz, E. B. Sozer, B. Cowan, B. Schwartz, G. Travish, and R. L. Byer, “Demonstration of electron acceleration in a laser-driven dielectric microstructure,” Nature 503(7474), 91–94 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Farkas, G.

P. Dombi, S. E. Irvine, P. Rácz, M. Lenner, N. Kroó, G. Farkas, A. Mitrofanov, A. Baltuška, T. Fuji, F. Krausz, and A. Y. Elezzabi, “Observation of few-cycle, strong-field phenomena in surface plasmon fields,” Opt. Express 18(23), 24206–24212 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. E. Irvine, P. Dombi, G. Farkas, and A. Y. Elezzabi, “Influence of the carrier-envelope phase of few-cycle pulses on ponderomotive surface-plasmon electron acceleration,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(14), 146801 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fuji, T.

Gohle, Ch.

A. Baltuška, Th. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, Ch. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields,” Nature 421(6923), 611–615 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Goulielmakis, E.

A. Baltuška, Th. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, Ch. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields,” Nature 421(6923), 611–615 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. G. Paulus, F. Lindner, H. Walther, A. Baltuška, E. Goulielmakis, M. Lezius, and F. Krausz, “Measurement of the phase of few-cycle laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91(25), 253004 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hänsch, T. W.

A. Baltuška, Th. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, Ch. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields,” Nature 421(6923), 611–615 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hentschel, M.

A. Baltuška, Th. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, Ch. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields,” Nature 421(6923), 611–615 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hohenester, U.

P. Dombi, A. Hörl, P. Rácz, I. Márton, A. Trügler, J. R. Krenn, and U. Hohenester, “Ultrafast strong-field photoemission from plasmonic nanoparticles,” Nano Lett. 13(2), 674–678 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Holzwarth, R.

A. Baltuška, Th. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, Ch. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields,” Nature 421(6923), 611–615 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hörl, A.

P. Dombi, A. Hörl, P. Rácz, I. Márton, A. Trügler, J. R. Krenn, and U. Hohenester, “Ultrafast strong-field photoemission from plasmonic nanoparticles,” Nano Lett. 13(2), 674–678 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Irvine, S. E.

P. Rácz, S. E. Irvine, M. Lenner, A. Mitrofanov, A. Baltuška, A. Y. Elezzabi, and P. Dombi, “Strong-field plasmonic electron acceleration with few-cycle, phase-stabilized laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(11), 111116 (2011).
[Crossref]

P. Dombi, S. E. Irvine, P. Rácz, M. Lenner, N. Kroó, G. Farkas, A. Mitrofanov, A. Baltuška, T. Fuji, F. Krausz, and A. Y. Elezzabi, “Observation of few-cycle, strong-field phenomena in surface plasmon fields,” Opt. Express 18(23), 24206–24212 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. E. Irvine and A. Y. Elezzabi, “Surface-plasmon-based electron acceleration,” Phys. Rev. A 73(1), 013815 (2006).
[Crossref]

S. E. Irvine, P. Dombi, G. Farkas, and A. Y. Elezzabi, “Influence of the carrier-envelope phase of few-cycle pulses on ponderomotive surface-plasmon electron acceleration,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(14), 146801 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. E. Irvine, A. L. Dechant, and A. Y. Elezzabi, “Generation of 0.4-keV femtosecond electron pulses using impulsively excited surface plasmons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93(18), 184801 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jona, F.

F. Jona, J. A. Strozier, and W. S. Yang, “Low-energy electron diffraction for surface structure analysis,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 45(5), 527–585 (1982).
[Crossref]

Krausz, F.

P. Dombi, S. E. Irvine, P. Rácz, M. Lenner, N. Kroó, G. Farkas, A. Mitrofanov, A. Baltuška, T. Fuji, F. Krausz, and A. Y. Elezzabi, “Observation of few-cycle, strong-field phenomena in surface plasmon fields,” Opt. Express 18(23), 24206–24212 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. G. Paulus, F. Lindner, H. Walther, A. Baltuška, E. Goulielmakis, M. Lezius, and F. Krausz, “Measurement of the phase of few-cycle laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91(25), 253004 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Baltuška, Th. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, Ch. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields,” Nature 421(6923), 611–615 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Krenn, J. R.

P. Dombi, A. Hörl, P. Rácz, I. Márton, A. Trügler, J. R. Krenn, and U. Hohenester, “Ultrafast strong-field photoemission from plasmonic nanoparticles,” Nano Lett. 13(2), 674–678 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kroó, N.

Kupersztych, J.

J. Kupersztych, P. Monchicourt, and M. Raynaud, “Ponderomotive acceleration of photoelectrons in surface-plasmon-assisted multiphoton photoelectric emission,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86(22), 5180–5183 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Leedle, K. J.

E. A. Peralta, K. Soong, R. J. England, E. R. Colby, Z. Wu, B. Montazeri, C. McGuinness, J. McNeur, K. J. Leedle, D. Walz, E. B. Sozer, B. Cowan, B. Schwartz, G. Travish, and R. L. Byer, “Demonstration of electron acceleration in a laser-driven dielectric microstructure,” Nature 503(7474), 91–94 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lenner, M.

P. Rácz, S. E. Irvine, M. Lenner, A. Mitrofanov, A. Baltuška, A. Y. Elezzabi, and P. Dombi, “Strong-field plasmonic electron acceleration with few-cycle, phase-stabilized laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(11), 111116 (2011).
[Crossref]

P. Dombi, S. E. Irvine, P. Rácz, M. Lenner, N. Kroó, G. Farkas, A. Mitrofanov, A. Baltuška, T. Fuji, F. Krausz, and A. Y. Elezzabi, “Observation of few-cycle, strong-field phenomena in surface plasmon fields,” Opt. Express 18(23), 24206–24212 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lezius, M.

G. G. Paulus, F. Lindner, H. Walther, A. Baltuška, E. Goulielmakis, M. Lezius, and F. Krausz, “Measurement of the phase of few-cycle laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91(25), 253004 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lindner, F.

G. G. Paulus, F. Lindner, H. Walther, A. Baltuška, E. Goulielmakis, M. Lezius, and F. Krausz, “Measurement of the phase of few-cycle laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91(25), 253004 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Márton, I.

P. Dombi, A. Hörl, P. Rácz, I. Márton, A. Trügler, J. R. Krenn, and U. Hohenester, “Ultrafast strong-field photoemission from plasmonic nanoparticles,” Nano Lett. 13(2), 674–678 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

McGuinness, C.

E. A. Peralta, K. Soong, R. J. England, E. R. Colby, Z. Wu, B. Montazeri, C. McGuinness, J. McNeur, K. J. Leedle, D. Walz, E. B. Sozer, B. Cowan, B. Schwartz, G. Travish, and R. L. Byer, “Demonstration of electron acceleration in a laser-driven dielectric microstructure,” Nature 503(7474), 91–94 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

McNeur, J.

E. A. Peralta, K. Soong, R. J. England, E. R. Colby, Z. Wu, B. Montazeri, C. McGuinness, J. McNeur, K. J. Leedle, D. Walz, E. B. Sozer, B. Cowan, B. Schwartz, G. Travish, and R. L. Byer, “Demonstration of electron acceleration in a laser-driven dielectric microstructure,” Nature 503(7474), 91–94 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mitrofanov, A.

P. Rácz, S. E. Irvine, M. Lenner, A. Mitrofanov, A. Baltuška, A. Y. Elezzabi, and P. Dombi, “Strong-field plasmonic electron acceleration with few-cycle, phase-stabilized laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(11), 111116 (2011).
[Crossref]

P. Dombi, S. E. Irvine, P. Rácz, M. Lenner, N. Kroó, G. Farkas, A. Mitrofanov, A. Baltuška, T. Fuji, F. Krausz, and A. Y. Elezzabi, “Observation of few-cycle, strong-field phenomena in surface plasmon fields,” Opt. Express 18(23), 24206–24212 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Monchicourt, P.

J. Kupersztych, P. Monchicourt, and M. Raynaud, “Ponderomotive acceleration of photoelectrons in surface-plasmon-assisted multiphoton photoelectric emission,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86(22), 5180–5183 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Montazeri, B.

E. A. Peralta, K. Soong, R. J. England, E. R. Colby, Z. Wu, B. Montazeri, C. McGuinness, J. McNeur, K. J. Leedle, D. Walz, E. B. Sozer, B. Cowan, B. Schwartz, G. Travish, and R. L. Byer, “Demonstration of electron acceleration in a laser-driven dielectric microstructure,” Nature 503(7474), 91–94 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Paulus, G. G.

G. G. Paulus, F. Lindner, H. Walther, A. Baltuška, E. Goulielmakis, M. Lezius, and F. Krausz, “Measurement of the phase of few-cycle laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91(25), 253004 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Peralta, E. A.

E. A. Peralta, K. Soong, R. J. England, E. R. Colby, Z. Wu, B. Montazeri, C. McGuinness, J. McNeur, K. J. Leedle, D. Walz, E. B. Sozer, B. Cowan, B. Schwartz, G. Travish, and R. L. Byer, “Demonstration of electron acceleration in a laser-driven dielectric microstructure,” Nature 503(7474), 91–94 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rácz, P.

P. Dombi, A. Hörl, P. Rácz, I. Márton, A. Trügler, J. R. Krenn, and U. Hohenester, “Ultrafast strong-field photoemission from plasmonic nanoparticles,” Nano Lett. 13(2), 674–678 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Rácz, S. E. Irvine, M. Lenner, A. Mitrofanov, A. Baltuška, A. Y. Elezzabi, and P. Dombi, “Strong-field plasmonic electron acceleration with few-cycle, phase-stabilized laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(11), 111116 (2011).
[Crossref]

P. Dombi, S. E. Irvine, P. Rácz, M. Lenner, N. Kroó, G. Farkas, A. Mitrofanov, A. Baltuška, T. Fuji, F. Krausz, and A. Y. Elezzabi, “Observation of few-cycle, strong-field phenomena in surface plasmon fields,” Opt. Express 18(23), 24206–24212 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Dombi and P. Rácz, “Ultrafast monoenergetic electron source by optical waveform control of surface plasmons,” Opt. Express 16(5), 2887–2893 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Raynaud, M.

J. Kupersztych, P. Monchicourt, and M. Raynaud, “Ponderomotive acceleration of photoelectrons in surface-plasmon-assisted multiphoton photoelectric emission,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86(22), 5180–5183 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schwartz, B.

E. A. Peralta, K. Soong, R. J. England, E. R. Colby, Z. Wu, B. Montazeri, C. McGuinness, J. McNeur, K. J. Leedle, D. Walz, E. B. Sozer, B. Cowan, B. Schwartz, G. Travish, and R. L. Byer, “Demonstration of electron acceleration in a laser-driven dielectric microstructure,” Nature 503(7474), 91–94 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Scrinzi, A.

A. Baltuška, Th. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, Ch. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields,” Nature 421(6923), 611–615 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Soong, K.

E. A. Peralta, K. Soong, R. J. England, E. R. Colby, Z. Wu, B. Montazeri, C. McGuinness, J. McNeur, K. J. Leedle, D. Walz, E. B. Sozer, B. Cowan, B. Schwartz, G. Travish, and R. L. Byer, “Demonstration of electron acceleration in a laser-driven dielectric microstructure,” Nature 503(7474), 91–94 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sozer, E. B.

E. A. Peralta, K. Soong, R. J. England, E. R. Colby, Z. Wu, B. Montazeri, C. McGuinness, J. McNeur, K. J. Leedle, D. Walz, E. B. Sozer, B. Cowan, B. Schwartz, G. Travish, and R. L. Byer, “Demonstration of electron acceleration in a laser-driven dielectric microstructure,” Nature 503(7474), 91–94 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Strozier, J. A.

F. Jona, J. A. Strozier, and W. S. Yang, “Low-energy electron diffraction for surface structure analysis,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 45(5), 527–585 (1982).
[Crossref]

Travish, G.

E. A. Peralta, K. Soong, R. J. England, E. R. Colby, Z. Wu, B. Montazeri, C. McGuinness, J. McNeur, K. J. Leedle, D. Walz, E. B. Sozer, B. Cowan, B. Schwartz, G. Travish, and R. L. Byer, “Demonstration of electron acceleration in a laser-driven dielectric microstructure,” Nature 503(7474), 91–94 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Trügler, A.

P. Dombi, A. Hörl, P. Rácz, I. Márton, A. Trügler, J. R. Krenn, and U. Hohenester, “Ultrafast strong-field photoemission from plasmonic nanoparticles,” Nano Lett. 13(2), 674–678 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Udem, Th.

A. Baltuška, Th. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, Ch. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields,” Nature 421(6923), 611–615 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Uiberacker, M.

A. Baltuška, Th. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, Ch. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields,” Nature 421(6923), 611–615 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Walther, H.

G. G. Paulus, F. Lindner, H. Walther, A. Baltuška, E. Goulielmakis, M. Lezius, and F. Krausz, “Measurement of the phase of few-cycle laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91(25), 253004 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Walz, D.

E. A. Peralta, K. Soong, R. J. England, E. R. Colby, Z. Wu, B. Montazeri, C. McGuinness, J. McNeur, K. J. Leedle, D. Walz, E. B. Sozer, B. Cowan, B. Schwartz, G. Travish, and R. L. Byer, “Demonstration of electron acceleration in a laser-driven dielectric microstructure,” Nature 503(7474), 91–94 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wu, Z.

E. A. Peralta, K. Soong, R. J. England, E. R. Colby, Z. Wu, B. Montazeri, C. McGuinness, J. McNeur, K. J. Leedle, D. Walz, E. B. Sozer, B. Cowan, B. Schwartz, G. Travish, and R. L. Byer, “Demonstration of electron acceleration in a laser-driven dielectric microstructure,” Nature 503(7474), 91–94 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yakovlev, V. S.

A. Baltuška, Th. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, Ch. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields,” Nature 421(6923), 611–615 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yang, W. S.

F. Jona, J. A. Strozier, and W. S. Yang, “Low-energy electron diffraction for surface structure analysis,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 45(5), 527–585 (1982).
[Crossref]

Zewail, A. H.

A. H. Zewail, “Laser femtochemistry,” Science 242(4886), 1645–1653 (1988).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

P. Rácz, S. E. Irvine, M. Lenner, A. Mitrofanov, A. Baltuška, A. Y. Elezzabi, and P. Dombi, “Strong-field plasmonic electron acceleration with few-cycle, phase-stabilized laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(11), 111116 (2011).
[Crossref]

Nano Lett. (1)

P. Dombi, A. Hörl, P. Rácz, I. Márton, A. Trügler, J. R. Krenn, and U. Hohenester, “Ultrafast strong-field photoemission from plasmonic nanoparticles,” Nano Lett. 13(2), 674–678 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nature (2)

E. A. Peralta, K. Soong, R. J. England, E. R. Colby, Z. Wu, B. Montazeri, C. McGuinness, J. McNeur, K. J. Leedle, D. Walz, E. B. Sozer, B. Cowan, B. Schwartz, G. Travish, and R. L. Byer, “Demonstration of electron acceleration in a laser-driven dielectric microstructure,” Nature 503(7474), 91–94 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Baltuška, Th. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, Ch. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields,” Nature 421(6923), 611–615 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (2)

Phys. Rev. A (1)

S. E. Irvine and A. Y. Elezzabi, “Surface-plasmon-based electron acceleration,” Phys. Rev. A 73(1), 013815 (2006).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (4)

S. E. Irvine, A. L. Dechant, and A. Y. Elezzabi, “Generation of 0.4-keV femtosecond electron pulses using impulsively excited surface plasmons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93(18), 184801 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. G. Paulus, F. Lindner, H. Walther, A. Baltuška, E. Goulielmakis, M. Lezius, and F. Krausz, “Measurement of the phase of few-cycle laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91(25), 253004 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. E. Irvine, P. Dombi, G. Farkas, and A. Y. Elezzabi, “Influence of the carrier-envelope phase of few-cycle pulses on ponderomotive surface-plasmon electron acceleration,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(14), 146801 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Kupersztych, P. Monchicourt, and M. Raynaud, “Ponderomotive acceleration of photoelectrons in surface-plasmon-assisted multiphoton photoelectric emission,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86(22), 5180–5183 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rep. Prog. Phys. (1)

F. Jona, J. A. Strozier, and W. S. Yang, “Low-energy electron diffraction for surface structure analysis,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 45(5), 527–585 (1982).
[Crossref]

Science (1)

A. H. Zewail, “Laser femtochemistry,” Science 242(4886), 1645–1653 (1988).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Schematic illustration of the Kretschmann configuration consisting of a 50 nm Ag film on a right angle silica prism. Eoptical and ESP represent the optical and plasmonic electric fields, respectively. (a) Configuration for 30 fs optical pulse. The E T H z ( a ) and E T H z ( b ) depict the two THz electric fields with a delay of Δ t between them. φ represents the relative phase difference between E T H z ( a ) and E T H z ( b ) . (b) Configuration for 5 fs optical pulse. E T H z , φ = 0 and E T H z , φ = π represent the different phases of the THz electric field. The spatial full width at half maxima of the THz and optical pulses are 600 µm and 4 µm, respectively.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Kinetic energy spectra for φ = 0 at (a) Δ t > 0 and (b) Δ t < 0. (c) Kinetic energy and combined THz field strength as a function of time for φ = 0 at Δ t = 0 (pink line), Δ t = −500 fs (red line), and Δ t = 500 fs (black line). Kinetic energy spectra for φ = π at (d) Δ t > 0 and (e) Δ t < 0. (f) Kinetic energy and combined THz field strength as a function of time for φ = π at Δ t = 0 (pink line), Δ t = −500 fs (red line), and Δ t = 500 fs (black line).
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Kinetic energy spectra for E T H z , φ = 0 = 3 × 106 V/cm and ESP = 6.5 × 108 V/cm for (a) φ = 0 and (b) φ = π at various values of φ C E P . Note that the kinetic energy scales are different between (a) and (b).
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Percentage of electrons collected above (a) K0 = 1.6 keV for φ = 0 and (b) K0 = 0.37 keV for φ = π. The red lines represent sinusoidal fits to the data.

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