Abstract

We demonstrate experimentally Manchester (MC) coding based W-band (75 – 110 GHz) radio-over-fiber (ROF) system to reduce the low-frequency-components (LFCs) signal distortion generated by two independent low-cost lasers using spectral shaping. Hence, a low-cost and higher performance W-band ROF system is achieved. In this system, direct-beating of two independent low-cost CW lasers without frequency tracking circuit (FTC) is used to generate the millimeter-wave. Approaches, such as delayed self-heterodyne interferometer and heterodyne beating are performed to characterize the optical-beating-interference sub-terahertz signal (OBIS). Furthermore, W-band ROF systems using MC coding and NRZ-OOK are compared and discussed.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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  1. C. W. Chow, F. M. Kuo, J. W. Shi, C. H. Yeh, Y. F. Wu, C. H. Wang, Y. T. Li, and C. L. Pan, “100 GHz ultra-wideband (UWB) fiber-to-the-antenna (FTTA) system for in-building and in-home networks,” Opt. Express 18(2), 473–478 (2010).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
  3. N. W. Chen, J.-W. Shi, H.-J. Tsai, J.-M. Wun, F.-M. Kuo, J. Hesler, T. W. Crowe, and J. E. Bowers, “Design and demonstration of ultra-fast W-band photonic transmitter-mixer and detectors for 25 Gbits/sec error-free wireless linking,” Opt. Express 20(19), 21223–21234 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  4. F.-M. Kuo, J.-W. Shi, H.-C. Chiang, H.-P. Chuang, H.-K. Chiou, C.-L. Pan, N.-W. Chen, H.-J. Tsai, and C.-B. Huang, “Spectral power enhancement in a 100 GHz photonic millimeter-wave generator enabled by spectral line-by-line pulse shaping,” IEEE Photon. J. 2(5), 719–727 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  5. G.-R. Lin, Y.-C. Chang, and J.-R. Wu, “Rational harmonic mode-locking of erbium-doped fiber laser at 40 GHz using a loss-modulated Fabry–Pérot laser diode,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(8), 1810–1812 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  6. G.-R. Lin, T.-S. Hwang, Y.-H. Chuang, S. C. Wang, and C.-L. Pan, “Broad-band (>20 GHz) laser-diode-based optoelectronic microwave phase shifter,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 46(10), 1419–1426 (1998).
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    [Crossref]
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2014 (1)

L. G. Yang, S. S. Jyu, C. W. Chow, C.-H. Yeh, C.-Y. Wong, H.-K. Tsang, and Y. Lai, “A 110 GHz passive mode-locked fiber laser based on a nonlinear silicon-micro-ring-resonator,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(6), 065101 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (1)

2012 (1)

2011 (3)

C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, Y. F. Wu, H. Y. Chen, Y. H. Lin, J. Y. Sung, Y. Liu, and C.-L. Pan, “13 Gbit/s WDM-OFDM PON using RSOA-based colourless ONU with seeding light source in local exchange,” Electron. Lett. 47(22), 1235–1236 (2011).
[Crossref]

Y.-C. Chi, P.-C. Peng, and G.-R. Lin, “Clock-free RZ-BPSK data generation using self-starting optoelectronic oscillator,” J. Lightwave Technol. 29(11), 1702–1706 (2011).
[Crossref]

C.-H. Yeh, C.-W. Chow, and C.-L. Pan, “Utilizing erbium fiber ring scheme and Fabry-Perot laser diode for stable and wavelength-tunable laser in single-longitudinal-mode output,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8(2), 130–133 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (3)

F.-M. Kuo, J.-W. Shi, H.-C. Chiang, H.-P. Chuang, H.-K. Chiou, C.-L. Pan, N.-W. Chen, H.-J. Tsai, and C.-B. Huang, “Spectral power enhancement in a 100 GHz photonic millimeter-wave generator enabled by spectral line-by-line pulse shaping,” IEEE Photon. J. 2(5), 719–727 (2010).
[Crossref]

J.-W. Shi, F.-M. Kuo, C.-J. Wu, C. L. Chang, C.-Y. Liu, C. Y. Chen, and J.-I. Chyi, “Extremely high saturation current-bandwidth product performance of a near-ballistic uni-traveling-carrier photodiode with a flip-chip bonding structure,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46(1), 80–86 (2010).
[Crossref]

C. W. Chow, F. M. Kuo, J. W. Shi, C. H. Yeh, Y. F. Wu, C. H. Wang, Y. T. Li, and C. L. Pan, “100 GHz ultra-wideband (UWB) fiber-to-the-antenna (FTTA) system for in-building and in-home networks,” Opt. Express 18(2), 473–478 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2006 (1)

J. Yu, Z. Jia, L. Yi, Y. Su, G.-K. Chang, and T. Wang, “Optical millimeter-wave generation or up-conversion using external modulators,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(1), 265–267 (2006).
[Crossref]

2004 (1)

G.-R. Lin, Y.-C. Chang, and J.-R. Wu, “Rational harmonic mode-locking of erbium-doped fiber laser at 40 GHz using a loss-modulated Fabry–Pérot laser diode,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(8), 1810–1812 (2004).
[Crossref]

2000 (1)

L. A. Johansson and A. J. Seeds, “Millimeter-wave modulated optical signal generation with high spectral purity and wide-locking bandwidth using a fiber-integrated optical injection phase-lock loop,” IEEE Photon. J. 12(6), 690–692 (2000).
[Crossref]

1998 (2)

S. L. Woodward, J. W. Stayt, D. M. Romero, J. M. Freund, and G. J. Przybylek, “A study of optical beat interference between Fabry–Perot lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10(5), 731–733 (1998).
[Crossref]

G.-R. Lin, T.-S. Hwang, Y.-H. Chuang, S. C. Wang, and C.-L. Pan, “Broad-band (>20 GHz) laser-diode-based optoelectronic microwave phase shifter,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 46(10), 1419–1426 (1998).
[Crossref]

1987 (1)

1983 (1)

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalsk, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, “Laser phase and frequency stabilization using an optical resonator,” Appl. Phys. B 31(2), 97–105 (1983).
[Crossref]

Bowers, J. E.

Chang, C. L.

J.-W. Shi, F.-M. Kuo, C.-J. Wu, C. L. Chang, C.-Y. Liu, C. Y. Chen, and J.-I. Chyi, “Extremely high saturation current-bandwidth product performance of a near-ballistic uni-traveling-carrier photodiode with a flip-chip bonding structure,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46(1), 80–86 (2010).
[Crossref]

Chang, G.-K.

J. Yu, Z. Jia, L. Yi, Y. Su, G.-K. Chang, and T. Wang, “Optical millimeter-wave generation or up-conversion using external modulators,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(1), 265–267 (2006).
[Crossref]

Chang, Y.-C.

G.-R. Lin, Y.-C. Chang, and J.-R. Wu, “Rational harmonic mode-locking of erbium-doped fiber laser at 40 GHz using a loss-modulated Fabry–Pérot laser diode,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(8), 1810–1812 (2004).
[Crossref]

Chen, C. Y.

J.-W. Shi, F.-M. Kuo, C.-J. Wu, C. L. Chang, C.-Y. Liu, C. Y. Chen, and J.-I. Chyi, “Extremely high saturation current-bandwidth product performance of a near-ballistic uni-traveling-carrier photodiode with a flip-chip bonding structure,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46(1), 80–86 (2010).
[Crossref]

Chen, H. Y.

C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, Y. F. Wu, H. Y. Chen, Y. H. Lin, J. Y. Sung, Y. Liu, and C.-L. Pan, “13 Gbit/s WDM-OFDM PON using RSOA-based colourless ONU with seeding light source in local exchange,” Electron. Lett. 47(22), 1235–1236 (2011).
[Crossref]

Chen, N. W.

Chen, N.-W.

F.-M. Kuo, J.-W. Shi, H.-C. Chiang, H.-P. Chuang, H.-K. Chiou, C.-L. Pan, N.-W. Chen, H.-J. Tsai, and C.-B. Huang, “Spectral power enhancement in a 100 GHz photonic millimeter-wave generator enabled by spectral line-by-line pulse shaping,” IEEE Photon. J. 2(5), 719–727 (2010).
[Crossref]

Chi, Y.-C.

Y.-C. Chi, P.-C. Peng, and G.-R. Lin, “Clock-free RZ-BPSK data generation using self-starting optoelectronic oscillator,” J. Lightwave Technol. 29(11), 1702–1706 (2011).
[Crossref]

Chiang, H.-C.

F.-M. Kuo, J.-W. Shi, H.-C. Chiang, H.-P. Chuang, H.-K. Chiou, C.-L. Pan, N.-W. Chen, H.-J. Tsai, and C.-B. Huang, “Spectral power enhancement in a 100 GHz photonic millimeter-wave generator enabled by spectral line-by-line pulse shaping,” IEEE Photon. J. 2(5), 719–727 (2010).
[Crossref]

Chiou, H.-K.

F.-M. Kuo, J.-W. Shi, H.-C. Chiang, H.-P. Chuang, H.-K. Chiou, C.-L. Pan, N.-W. Chen, H.-J. Tsai, and C.-B. Huang, “Spectral power enhancement in a 100 GHz photonic millimeter-wave generator enabled by spectral line-by-line pulse shaping,” IEEE Photon. J. 2(5), 719–727 (2010).
[Crossref]

Chow, C. W.

L. G. Yang, S. S. Jyu, C. W. Chow, C.-H. Yeh, C.-Y. Wong, H.-K. Tsang, and Y. Lai, “A 110 GHz passive mode-locked fiber laser based on a nonlinear silicon-micro-ring-resonator,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(6), 065101 (2014).
[Crossref]

C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, Y. F. Wu, H. Y. Chen, Y. H. Lin, J. Y. Sung, Y. Liu, and C.-L. Pan, “13 Gbit/s WDM-OFDM PON using RSOA-based colourless ONU with seeding light source in local exchange,” Electron. Lett. 47(22), 1235–1236 (2011).
[Crossref]

C. W. Chow, F. M. Kuo, J. W. Shi, C. H. Yeh, Y. F. Wu, C. H. Wang, Y. T. Li, and C. L. Pan, “100 GHz ultra-wideband (UWB) fiber-to-the-antenna (FTTA) system for in-building and in-home networks,” Opt. Express 18(2), 473–478 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chow, C.-W.

C.-H. Yeh, C.-W. Chow, and C.-L. Pan, “Utilizing erbium fiber ring scheme and Fabry-Perot laser diode for stable and wavelength-tunable laser in single-longitudinal-mode output,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8(2), 130–133 (2011).
[Crossref]

Chuang, H.-P.

F.-M. Kuo, J.-W. Shi, H.-C. Chiang, H.-P. Chuang, H.-K. Chiou, C.-L. Pan, N.-W. Chen, H.-J. Tsai, and C.-B. Huang, “Spectral power enhancement in a 100 GHz photonic millimeter-wave generator enabled by spectral line-by-line pulse shaping,” IEEE Photon. J. 2(5), 719–727 (2010).
[Crossref]

Chuang, Y.-H.

G.-R. Lin, T.-S. Hwang, Y.-H. Chuang, S. C. Wang, and C.-L. Pan, “Broad-band (>20 GHz) laser-diode-based optoelectronic microwave phase shifter,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 46(10), 1419–1426 (1998).
[Crossref]

Chyi, J.-I.

J.-W. Shi, F.-M. Kuo, C.-J. Wu, C. L. Chang, C.-Y. Liu, C. Y. Chen, and J.-I. Chyi, “Extremely high saturation current-bandwidth product performance of a near-ballistic uni-traveling-carrier photodiode with a flip-chip bonding structure,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46(1), 80–86 (2010).
[Crossref]

Crowe, T. W.

Dahmani, B.

Drever, R. W. P.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalsk, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, “Laser phase and frequency stabilization using an optical resonator,” Appl. Phys. B 31(2), 97–105 (1983).
[Crossref]

Drullinger, R.

Ford, G. M.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalsk, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, “Laser phase and frequency stabilization using an optical resonator,” Appl. Phys. B 31(2), 97–105 (1983).
[Crossref]

Freund, J. M.

S. L. Woodward, J. W. Stayt, D. M. Romero, J. M. Freund, and G. J. Przybylek, “A study of optical beat interference between Fabry–Perot lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10(5), 731–733 (1998).
[Crossref]

Hall, J. L.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalsk, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, “Laser phase and frequency stabilization using an optical resonator,” Appl. Phys. B 31(2), 97–105 (1983).
[Crossref]

Hesler, J.

Hisatake, S.

Hollberg, L.

Horiguchi, S.

Huang, C.-B.

F.-M. Kuo, J.-W. Shi, H.-C. Chiang, H.-P. Chuang, H.-K. Chiou, C.-L. Pan, N.-W. Chen, H.-J. Tsai, and C.-B. Huang, “Spectral power enhancement in a 100 GHz photonic millimeter-wave generator enabled by spectral line-by-line pulse shaping,” IEEE Photon. J. 2(5), 719–727 (2010).
[Crossref]

Hwang, T.-S.

G.-R. Lin, T.-S. Hwang, Y.-H. Chuang, S. C. Wang, and C.-L. Pan, “Broad-band (>20 GHz) laser-diode-based optoelectronic microwave phase shifter,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 46(10), 1419–1426 (1998).
[Crossref]

Jia, Z.

J. Yu, Z. Jia, L. Yi, Y. Su, G.-K. Chang, and T. Wang, “Optical millimeter-wave generation or up-conversion using external modulators,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(1), 265–267 (2006).
[Crossref]

Johansson, L. A.

L. A. Johansson and A. J. Seeds, “Millimeter-wave modulated optical signal generation with high spectral purity and wide-locking bandwidth using a fiber-integrated optical injection phase-lock loop,” IEEE Photon. J. 12(6), 690–692 (2000).
[Crossref]

Jyu, S. S.

L. G. Yang, S. S. Jyu, C. W. Chow, C.-H. Yeh, C.-Y. Wong, H.-K. Tsang, and Y. Lai, “A 110 GHz passive mode-locked fiber laser based on a nonlinear silicon-micro-ring-resonator,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(6), 065101 (2014).
[Crossref]

Kowalsk, F. V.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalsk, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, “Laser phase and frequency stabilization using an optical resonator,” Appl. Phys. B 31(2), 97–105 (1983).
[Crossref]

Kuo, F. M.

Kuo, F.-M.

N. W. Chen, J.-W. Shi, H.-J. Tsai, J.-M. Wun, F.-M. Kuo, J. Hesler, T. W. Crowe, and J. E. Bowers, “Design and demonstration of ultra-fast W-band photonic transmitter-mixer and detectors for 25 Gbits/sec error-free wireless linking,” Opt. Express 20(19), 21223–21234 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J.-W. Shi, F.-M. Kuo, C.-J. Wu, C. L. Chang, C.-Y. Liu, C. Y. Chen, and J.-I. Chyi, “Extremely high saturation current-bandwidth product performance of a near-ballistic uni-traveling-carrier photodiode with a flip-chip bonding structure,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46(1), 80–86 (2010).
[Crossref]

F.-M. Kuo, J.-W. Shi, H.-C. Chiang, H.-P. Chuang, H.-K. Chiou, C.-L. Pan, N.-W. Chen, H.-J. Tsai, and C.-B. Huang, “Spectral power enhancement in a 100 GHz photonic millimeter-wave generator enabled by spectral line-by-line pulse shaping,” IEEE Photon. J. 2(5), 719–727 (2010).
[Crossref]

Kuwano, S.

Lai, Y.

L. G. Yang, S. S. Jyu, C. W. Chow, C.-H. Yeh, C.-Y. Wong, H.-K. Tsang, and Y. Lai, “A 110 GHz passive mode-locked fiber laser based on a nonlinear silicon-micro-ring-resonator,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(6), 065101 (2014).
[Crossref]

Li, Y. T.

Lin, G.-R.

Y.-C. Chi, P.-C. Peng, and G.-R. Lin, “Clock-free RZ-BPSK data generation using self-starting optoelectronic oscillator,” J. Lightwave Technol. 29(11), 1702–1706 (2011).
[Crossref]

G.-R. Lin, Y.-C. Chang, and J.-R. Wu, “Rational harmonic mode-locking of erbium-doped fiber laser at 40 GHz using a loss-modulated Fabry–Pérot laser diode,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(8), 1810–1812 (2004).
[Crossref]

G.-R. Lin, T.-S. Hwang, Y.-H. Chuang, S. C. Wang, and C.-L. Pan, “Broad-band (>20 GHz) laser-diode-based optoelectronic microwave phase shifter,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 46(10), 1419–1426 (1998).
[Crossref]

Lin, Y. H.

C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, Y. F. Wu, H. Y. Chen, Y. H. Lin, J. Y. Sung, Y. Liu, and C.-L. Pan, “13 Gbit/s WDM-OFDM PON using RSOA-based colourless ONU with seeding light source in local exchange,” Electron. Lett. 47(22), 1235–1236 (2011).
[Crossref]

Liu, C.-Y.

J.-W. Shi, F.-M. Kuo, C.-J. Wu, C. L. Chang, C.-Y. Liu, C. Y. Chen, and J.-I. Chyi, “Extremely high saturation current-bandwidth product performance of a near-ballistic uni-traveling-carrier photodiode with a flip-chip bonding structure,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46(1), 80–86 (2010).
[Crossref]

Liu, Y.

C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, Y. F. Wu, H. Y. Chen, Y. H. Lin, J. Y. Sung, Y. Liu, and C.-L. Pan, “13 Gbit/s WDM-OFDM PON using RSOA-based colourless ONU with seeding light source in local exchange,” Electron. Lett. 47(22), 1235–1236 (2011).
[Crossref]

Minamikata, Y.

Munley, A. J.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalsk, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, “Laser phase and frequency stabilization using an optical resonator,” Appl. Phys. B 31(2), 97–105 (1983).
[Crossref]

Nagatsuma, T.

Pan, C. L.

Pan, C.-L.

C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, Y. F. Wu, H. Y. Chen, Y. H. Lin, J. Y. Sung, Y. Liu, and C.-L. Pan, “13 Gbit/s WDM-OFDM PON using RSOA-based colourless ONU with seeding light source in local exchange,” Electron. Lett. 47(22), 1235–1236 (2011).
[Crossref]

C.-H. Yeh, C.-W. Chow, and C.-L. Pan, “Utilizing erbium fiber ring scheme and Fabry-Perot laser diode for stable and wavelength-tunable laser in single-longitudinal-mode output,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8(2), 130–133 (2011).
[Crossref]

F.-M. Kuo, J.-W. Shi, H.-C. Chiang, H.-P. Chuang, H.-K. Chiou, C.-L. Pan, N.-W. Chen, H.-J. Tsai, and C.-B. Huang, “Spectral power enhancement in a 100 GHz photonic millimeter-wave generator enabled by spectral line-by-line pulse shaping,” IEEE Photon. J. 2(5), 719–727 (2010).
[Crossref]

G.-R. Lin, T.-S. Hwang, Y.-H. Chuang, S. C. Wang, and C.-L. Pan, “Broad-band (>20 GHz) laser-diode-based optoelectronic microwave phase shifter,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 46(10), 1419–1426 (1998).
[Crossref]

Peng, P.-C.

Y.-C. Chi, P.-C. Peng, and G.-R. Lin, “Clock-free RZ-BPSK data generation using self-starting optoelectronic oscillator,” J. Lightwave Technol. 29(11), 1702–1706 (2011).
[Crossref]

Przybylek, G. J.

S. L. Woodward, J. W. Stayt, D. M. Romero, J. M. Freund, and G. J. Przybylek, “A study of optical beat interference between Fabry–Perot lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10(5), 731–733 (1998).
[Crossref]

Romero, D. M.

S. L. Woodward, J. W. Stayt, D. M. Romero, J. M. Freund, and G. J. Przybylek, “A study of optical beat interference between Fabry–Perot lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10(5), 731–733 (1998).
[Crossref]

Seeds, A. J.

L. A. Johansson and A. J. Seeds, “Millimeter-wave modulated optical signal generation with high spectral purity and wide-locking bandwidth using a fiber-integrated optical injection phase-lock loop,” IEEE Photon. J. 12(6), 690–692 (2000).
[Crossref]

Shi, J. W.

Shi, J.-W.

N. W. Chen, J.-W. Shi, H.-J. Tsai, J.-M. Wun, F.-M. Kuo, J. Hesler, T. W. Crowe, and J. E. Bowers, “Design and demonstration of ultra-fast W-band photonic transmitter-mixer and detectors for 25 Gbits/sec error-free wireless linking,” Opt. Express 20(19), 21223–21234 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J.-W. Shi, F.-M. Kuo, C.-J. Wu, C. L. Chang, C.-Y. Liu, C. Y. Chen, and J.-I. Chyi, “Extremely high saturation current-bandwidth product performance of a near-ballistic uni-traveling-carrier photodiode with a flip-chip bonding structure,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46(1), 80–86 (2010).
[Crossref]

F.-M. Kuo, J.-W. Shi, H.-C. Chiang, H.-P. Chuang, H.-K. Chiou, C.-L. Pan, N.-W. Chen, H.-J. Tsai, and C.-B. Huang, “Spectral power enhancement in a 100 GHz photonic millimeter-wave generator enabled by spectral line-by-line pulse shaping,” IEEE Photon. J. 2(5), 719–727 (2010).
[Crossref]

Stayt, J. W.

S. L. Woodward, J. W. Stayt, D. M. Romero, J. M. Freund, and G. J. Przybylek, “A study of optical beat interference between Fabry–Perot lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10(5), 731–733 (1998).
[Crossref]

Su, Y.

J. Yu, Z. Jia, L. Yi, Y. Su, G.-K. Chang, and T. Wang, “Optical millimeter-wave generation or up-conversion using external modulators,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(1), 265–267 (2006).
[Crossref]

Sung, J. Y.

C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, Y. F. Wu, H. Y. Chen, Y. H. Lin, J. Y. Sung, Y. Liu, and C.-L. Pan, “13 Gbit/s WDM-OFDM PON using RSOA-based colourless ONU with seeding light source in local exchange,” Electron. Lett. 47(22), 1235–1236 (2011).
[Crossref]

Takahashi, H.

Terada, J.

Tsai, H.-J.

N. W. Chen, J.-W. Shi, H.-J. Tsai, J.-M. Wun, F.-M. Kuo, J. Hesler, T. W. Crowe, and J. E. Bowers, “Design and demonstration of ultra-fast W-band photonic transmitter-mixer and detectors for 25 Gbits/sec error-free wireless linking,” Opt. Express 20(19), 21223–21234 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F.-M. Kuo, J.-W. Shi, H.-C. Chiang, H.-P. Chuang, H.-K. Chiou, C.-L. Pan, N.-W. Chen, H.-J. Tsai, and C.-B. Huang, “Spectral power enhancement in a 100 GHz photonic millimeter-wave generator enabled by spectral line-by-line pulse shaping,” IEEE Photon. J. 2(5), 719–727 (2010).
[Crossref]

Tsang, H.-K.

L. G. Yang, S. S. Jyu, C. W. Chow, C.-H. Yeh, C.-Y. Wong, H.-K. Tsang, and Y. Lai, “A 110 GHz passive mode-locked fiber laser based on a nonlinear silicon-micro-ring-resonator,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(6), 065101 (2014).
[Crossref]

Wang, C. H.

Wang, S. C.

G.-R. Lin, T.-S. Hwang, Y.-H. Chuang, S. C. Wang, and C.-L. Pan, “Broad-band (>20 GHz) laser-diode-based optoelectronic microwave phase shifter,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 46(10), 1419–1426 (1998).
[Crossref]

Wang, T.

J. Yu, Z. Jia, L. Yi, Y. Su, G.-K. Chang, and T. Wang, “Optical millimeter-wave generation or up-conversion using external modulators,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(1), 265–267 (2006).
[Crossref]

Ward, H.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalsk, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, “Laser phase and frequency stabilization using an optical resonator,” Appl. Phys. B 31(2), 97–105 (1983).
[Crossref]

Wong, C.-Y.

L. G. Yang, S. S. Jyu, C. W. Chow, C.-H. Yeh, C.-Y. Wong, H.-K. Tsang, and Y. Lai, “A 110 GHz passive mode-locked fiber laser based on a nonlinear silicon-micro-ring-resonator,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(6), 065101 (2014).
[Crossref]

Woodward, S. L.

S. L. Woodward, J. W. Stayt, D. M. Romero, J. M. Freund, and G. J. Przybylek, “A study of optical beat interference between Fabry–Perot lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10(5), 731–733 (1998).
[Crossref]

Wu, C.-J.

J.-W. Shi, F.-M. Kuo, C.-J. Wu, C. L. Chang, C.-Y. Liu, C. Y. Chen, and J.-I. Chyi, “Extremely high saturation current-bandwidth product performance of a near-ballistic uni-traveling-carrier photodiode with a flip-chip bonding structure,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46(1), 80–86 (2010).
[Crossref]

Wu, J.-R.

G.-R. Lin, Y.-C. Chang, and J.-R. Wu, “Rational harmonic mode-locking of erbium-doped fiber laser at 40 GHz using a loss-modulated Fabry–Pérot laser diode,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(8), 1810–1812 (2004).
[Crossref]

Wu, Y. F.

C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, Y. F. Wu, H. Y. Chen, Y. H. Lin, J. Y. Sung, Y. Liu, and C.-L. Pan, “13 Gbit/s WDM-OFDM PON using RSOA-based colourless ONU with seeding light source in local exchange,” Electron. Lett. 47(22), 1235–1236 (2011).
[Crossref]

C. W. Chow, F. M. Kuo, J. W. Shi, C. H. Yeh, Y. F. Wu, C. H. Wang, Y. T. Li, and C. L. Pan, “100 GHz ultra-wideband (UWB) fiber-to-the-antenna (FTTA) system for in-building and in-home networks,” Opt. Express 18(2), 473–478 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wun, J.-M.

Yang, L. G.

L. G. Yang, S. S. Jyu, C. W. Chow, C.-H. Yeh, C.-Y. Wong, H.-K. Tsang, and Y. Lai, “A 110 GHz passive mode-locked fiber laser based on a nonlinear silicon-micro-ring-resonator,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(6), 065101 (2014).
[Crossref]

Yeh, C. H.

C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, Y. F. Wu, H. Y. Chen, Y. H. Lin, J. Y. Sung, Y. Liu, and C.-L. Pan, “13 Gbit/s WDM-OFDM PON using RSOA-based colourless ONU with seeding light source in local exchange,” Electron. Lett. 47(22), 1235–1236 (2011).
[Crossref]

C. W. Chow, F. M. Kuo, J. W. Shi, C. H. Yeh, Y. F. Wu, C. H. Wang, Y. T. Li, and C. L. Pan, “100 GHz ultra-wideband (UWB) fiber-to-the-antenna (FTTA) system for in-building and in-home networks,” Opt. Express 18(2), 473–478 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yeh, C.-H.

L. G. Yang, S. S. Jyu, C. W. Chow, C.-H. Yeh, C.-Y. Wong, H.-K. Tsang, and Y. Lai, “A 110 GHz passive mode-locked fiber laser based on a nonlinear silicon-micro-ring-resonator,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(6), 065101 (2014).
[Crossref]

C.-H. Yeh, C.-W. Chow, and C.-L. Pan, “Utilizing erbium fiber ring scheme and Fabry-Perot laser diode for stable and wavelength-tunable laser in single-longitudinal-mode output,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8(2), 130–133 (2011).
[Crossref]

Yi, L.

J. Yu, Z. Jia, L. Yi, Y. Su, G.-K. Chang, and T. Wang, “Optical millimeter-wave generation or up-conversion using external modulators,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(1), 265–267 (2006).
[Crossref]

Yoshimizu, Y.

Yoshimoto, N.

Yu, J.

J. Yu, Z. Jia, L. Yi, Y. Su, G.-K. Chang, and T. Wang, “Optical millimeter-wave generation or up-conversion using external modulators,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(1), 265–267 (2006).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. B (1)

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalsk, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, “Laser phase and frequency stabilization using an optical resonator,” Appl. Phys. B 31(2), 97–105 (1983).
[Crossref]

Electron. Lett. (1)

C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, Y. F. Wu, H. Y. Chen, Y. H. Lin, J. Y. Sung, Y. Liu, and C.-L. Pan, “13 Gbit/s WDM-OFDM PON using RSOA-based colourless ONU with seeding light source in local exchange,” Electron. Lett. 47(22), 1235–1236 (2011).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

J.-W. Shi, F.-M. Kuo, C.-J. Wu, C. L. Chang, C.-Y. Liu, C. Y. Chen, and J.-I. Chyi, “Extremely high saturation current-bandwidth product performance of a near-ballistic uni-traveling-carrier photodiode with a flip-chip bonding structure,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46(1), 80–86 (2010).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photon. J. (2)

L. A. Johansson and A. J. Seeds, “Millimeter-wave modulated optical signal generation with high spectral purity and wide-locking bandwidth using a fiber-integrated optical injection phase-lock loop,” IEEE Photon. J. 12(6), 690–692 (2000).
[Crossref]

F.-M. Kuo, J.-W. Shi, H.-C. Chiang, H.-P. Chuang, H.-K. Chiou, C.-L. Pan, N.-W. Chen, H.-J. Tsai, and C.-B. Huang, “Spectral power enhancement in a 100 GHz photonic millimeter-wave generator enabled by spectral line-by-line pulse shaping,” IEEE Photon. J. 2(5), 719–727 (2010).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (3)

G.-R. Lin, Y.-C. Chang, and J.-R. Wu, “Rational harmonic mode-locking of erbium-doped fiber laser at 40 GHz using a loss-modulated Fabry–Pérot laser diode,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(8), 1810–1812 (2004).
[Crossref]

S. L. Woodward, J. W. Stayt, D. M. Romero, J. M. Freund, and G. J. Przybylek, “A study of optical beat interference between Fabry–Perot lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10(5), 731–733 (1998).
[Crossref]

J. Yu, Z. Jia, L. Yi, Y. Su, G.-K. Chang, and T. Wang, “Optical millimeter-wave generation or up-conversion using external modulators,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(1), 265–267 (2006).
[Crossref]

IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. (1)

G.-R. Lin, T.-S. Hwang, Y.-H. Chuang, S. C. Wang, and C.-L. Pan, “Broad-band (>20 GHz) laser-diode-based optoelectronic microwave phase shifter,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 46(10), 1419–1426 (1998).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

Y.-C. Chi, P.-C. Peng, and G.-R. Lin, “Clock-free RZ-BPSK data generation using self-starting optoelectronic oscillator,” J. Lightwave Technol. 29(11), 1702–1706 (2011).
[Crossref]

Laser Phys. Lett. (2)

C.-H. Yeh, C.-W. Chow, and C.-L. Pan, “Utilizing erbium fiber ring scheme and Fabry-Perot laser diode for stable and wavelength-tunable laser in single-longitudinal-mode output,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8(2), 130–133 (2011).
[Crossref]

L. G. Yang, S. S. Jyu, C. W. Chow, C.-H. Yeh, C.-Y. Wong, H.-K. Tsang, and Y. Lai, “A 110 GHz passive mode-locked fiber laser based on a nonlinear silicon-micro-ring-resonator,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(6), 065101 (2014).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Other (1)

Y. Nakasha, M. Sato, T. Tajima, Y. Kawano, T. Suzuki, T. Takahashi, K. Makiyama, T. Ohki, and N. Hara, “W-band transmitter and receiver modules for 10-Gb/s impulse radio,” Proc. Microwave Sym. Digest. 553-559 (2009).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 (a) Experiment of beating by the two lasers. CP: optical coupler, PC: polarization controllers, PD: photodiode, ESA: electrical spectrum analyzer. (b) Measured frequency instabilities. (c) Experiment of delayed self-heterodyne interferometer. (d) Measured linewidth of the CW laser.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 (a) Experiment of a heterodyne beating of two individual lasers with same wavelength. (b) Measured SSB PSD at carrier frequency of 2 GHz. (c) Experiment of a heterodyne beating of two individual lasers with wavelength separation of 0.08 nm. (b) Measured SSB PSD at carrier frequency of 10 GHz (0.08 nm).
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Experiment of the W-band ROF system. AWG: arbitrary waveform generator, RTO: real-time oscilloscope. Insets: measured power spectra of (a) 1 Gb/s NRZ-OOK coding (b) 1Gb/s MC coding.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Schematic bit-patterns of (a) NRZ-OOK, (b) MC signal, (c) half-bit delayed MC signal, and (d) decoded Manchester signal. Simulated power spectra of the (e) received NRZ-OOK signal, (f) received MC coded signal, (g) transfer function of decoding process and (h) decoded MC coded signal.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 (a) Measured BER of 1 Gb/s W-band ROF with NRZ-OOK and MC coding, and the corresponding eye-diagrams. (b) SNR performance of the received signal in baseband range from DC to 2 GHz.

Equations (4)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

h(t)=δ(t)δ(tτ)
H(f)=1 exp j2πfτ
| H(f) |=| 1 exp j2πfτ |= | ( 1cos( 2πfτ ) )jsin( 2πfτ ) | 2 = ( ( 1cos( 2πfτ ) ) 2 + sin 2 ( 2πfτ ) ) 1 2 = ( 2( 1cos( 2πfτ ) ) ) 1 2
Y 2 (f)= X 2 (f)H(f)

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