Abstract

A fiber optical parametric amplified optical orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) signal with intensity modulation transfer (IMT) blocking is proposed. A novel blank carrier blocking method is adopted to suppress pump to signal intensity interference. Compared with regular optical signal, the IMT induced interference can be well blocked in the experiment. The error vector magnitude (EVM) and signal gain are also investigated in the experiment.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. J. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannaku, B. J. Puttnam, H. Toda, and L. Gruner-Nielsen, “Towards ultrasensitive optical links enabled by low-noise phase-sensitive amplifiers,” Nat. Photonics 5(7), 430–436 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  2. A. Gershikov and G. Eisenstein, “Narrowband phase sensitive fiber parametric amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 37(15), 3204–3206 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  3. B. J. M. Chavez, S. Moro, E. Myslivets, and J. R. Windmiller, “155-nm continuous-wave two-pump parametric amplification,” Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(10), 612–614 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  4. T. Torounidis, P. A. Andrekson, and B.-E. Olsson, “Fiber-optical parametric amplifier with 70-dB gain,” Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(10), 1194–1196 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  5. J. D. Marconi, J. M. C. Boggio, and H. L. Fragnito, “Nearly 100 nm bandwidth of flat gain with a double-pumped fiber optic parametric amplifier,” in Proc. OFC’07, paper. OWB1 (2007).
  6. F. D. Ros, R. Borkowski, D. Zibar, and C. Peucheret, “Impact of gain saturation on the parametric amplification of 16-QAM signals,” in Proc. ECOC’12, paper. We.2.A.3 (2012).
  7. N. E. Dahdah, D. S. Govan, M. Jamshidifar, N. J. Doran, and M. E. Marhic, “1-Tb/s DWDM long-haul transmission employing a fiber optical parametric amplifier,” Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(15), 1171–1173 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  8. J. B. Coles, B. P. Kuo, N. Alic, S. Moro, C. S. Bres, J. M. Chavez Boggio, P. A. Andrekson, M. Karlsson, S. Radic, and S. Radic, “Bandwidth-efficient phase modulation techniques for Stimulated Brillouin Scattering suppression in fiber optic parametric amplifiers,” Opt. Express 18(17), 18138–18150 (2010).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  9. Y. Aoki, K. Tajima, and I. Mito, “Input power limits of single-mode optical fibers due to stimulated brillouin scattering in optical communication systems,” J. Lightwave Technol. 6(5), 710–719 (1988).
    [Crossref]
  10. F. Yaman, Q. Lin, G. P. Agrawal, and S. Radic, “Pump-noise transfer in dual-pump fiber-optic parametric amplifiers: walk-off effects,” Opt. Lett. 30(9), 1048–1050 (2005).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  11. Z. L. Dastjerdi, V. Cristofori, T. L. Hansen, K. Rottwitt, M. Galili, and C. Peucheret, “Pump-to-signal intensity modulation transfer characteristics in FOPAs: modulation frequency and saturation effect,” J. Lightwave Technol. 30(18), 3061–3067 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  12. W. Shieh, “OFDM for Flexible high-speed optical networks,” J. Lightwave Technol. 29(10), 1560–1577 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  13. Y. Li, W. Li, F. Ye, C. Wang, B. Huang, D. Liu, and K. Yang, “Experimental implementation of an all-optical OFDM system based on time lens,” Opt. Commun. 284(16), 3983–3989 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  14. X. Liu and F. Buchali, “Intra-symbol frequency-domain averaging based channel estimation for coherent optical OFDM,” Opt. Express 16(26), 21944–21957 (2008).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  15. X. Duan, R. P. Giddings, M. Bolea, Y. Ling, B. Cao, S. Mansoor, and J. M. Tang, “Real-time experimental demonstrations of software reconfigurable optical OFDM transceivers utilizing DSP-based digital orthogonal filters for SDN PONs,” Opt. Express 22(16), 19674–19685 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  16. J. Zhao and A. Ellis, “Advantage of optical fast OFDM over OFDM in residual frequency offset compensation,” Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(24), 2284–2287 (2012).
    [Crossref]

2014 (1)

2012 (3)

2011 (3)

Y. Li, W. Li, F. Ye, C. Wang, B. Huang, D. Liu, and K. Yang, “Experimental implementation of an all-optical OFDM system based on time lens,” Opt. Commun. 284(16), 3983–3989 (2011).
[Crossref]

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. J. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannaku, B. J. Puttnam, H. Toda, and L. Gruner-Nielsen, “Towards ultrasensitive optical links enabled by low-noise phase-sensitive amplifiers,” Nat. Photonics 5(7), 430–436 (2011).
[Crossref]

W. Shieh, “OFDM for Flexible high-speed optical networks,” J. Lightwave Technol. 29(10), 1560–1577 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (2)

2009 (1)

B. J. M. Chavez, S. Moro, E. Myslivets, and J. R. Windmiller, “155-nm continuous-wave two-pump parametric amplification,” Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(10), 612–614 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (1)

2006 (1)

T. Torounidis, P. A. Andrekson, and B.-E. Olsson, “Fiber-optical parametric amplifier with 70-dB gain,” Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(10), 1194–1196 (2006).
[Crossref]

2005 (1)

1988 (1)

Y. Aoki, K. Tajima, and I. Mito, “Input power limits of single-mode optical fibers due to stimulated brillouin scattering in optical communication systems,” J. Lightwave Technol. 6(5), 710–719 (1988).
[Crossref]

Agrawal, G. P.

Alic, N.

Andrekson, P. A.

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. J. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannaku, B. J. Puttnam, H. Toda, and L. Gruner-Nielsen, “Towards ultrasensitive optical links enabled by low-noise phase-sensitive amplifiers,” Nat. Photonics 5(7), 430–436 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. B. Coles, B. P. Kuo, N. Alic, S. Moro, C. S. Bres, J. M. Chavez Boggio, P. A. Andrekson, M. Karlsson, S. Radic, and S. Radic, “Bandwidth-efficient phase modulation techniques for Stimulated Brillouin Scattering suppression in fiber optic parametric amplifiers,” Opt. Express 18(17), 18138–18150 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Torounidis, P. A. Andrekson, and B.-E. Olsson, “Fiber-optical parametric amplifier with 70-dB gain,” Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(10), 1194–1196 (2006).
[Crossref]

Aoki, Y.

Y. Aoki, K. Tajima, and I. Mito, “Input power limits of single-mode optical fibers due to stimulated brillouin scattering in optical communication systems,” J. Lightwave Technol. 6(5), 710–719 (1988).
[Crossref]

Blessing, D. J.

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. J. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannaku, B. J. Puttnam, H. Toda, and L. Gruner-Nielsen, “Towards ultrasensitive optical links enabled by low-noise phase-sensitive amplifiers,” Nat. Photonics 5(7), 430–436 (2011).
[Crossref]

Bolea, M.

Bres, C. S.

Buchali, F.

Cao, B.

Chavez, B. J. M.

B. J. M. Chavez, S. Moro, E. Myslivets, and J. R. Windmiller, “155-nm continuous-wave two-pump parametric amplification,” Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(10), 612–614 (2009).
[Crossref]

Chavez Boggio, J. M.

Coles, J. B.

Cristofori, V.

Dahdah, N. E.

N. E. Dahdah, D. S. Govan, M. Jamshidifar, N. J. Doran, and M. E. Marhic, “1-Tb/s DWDM long-haul transmission employing a fiber optical parametric amplifier,” Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(15), 1171–1173 (2010).
[Crossref]

Dastjerdi, Z. L.

Doran, N. J.

N. E. Dahdah, D. S. Govan, M. Jamshidifar, N. J. Doran, and M. E. Marhic, “1-Tb/s DWDM long-haul transmission employing a fiber optical parametric amplifier,” Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(15), 1171–1173 (2010).
[Crossref]

Duan, X.

Eisenstein, G.

Ellis, A.

J. Zhao and A. Ellis, “Advantage of optical fast OFDM over OFDM in residual frequency offset compensation,” Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(24), 2284–2287 (2012).
[Crossref]

Galili, M.

Gershikov, A.

Giddings, R. P.

Govan, D. S.

N. E. Dahdah, D. S. Govan, M. Jamshidifar, N. J. Doran, and M. E. Marhic, “1-Tb/s DWDM long-haul transmission employing a fiber optical parametric amplifier,” Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(15), 1171–1173 (2010).
[Crossref]

Gruner-Nielsen, L.

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. J. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannaku, B. J. Puttnam, H. Toda, and L. Gruner-Nielsen, “Towards ultrasensitive optical links enabled by low-noise phase-sensitive amplifiers,” Nat. Photonics 5(7), 430–436 (2011).
[Crossref]

Hansen, T. L.

Huang, B.

Y. Li, W. Li, F. Ye, C. Wang, B. Huang, D. Liu, and K. Yang, “Experimental implementation of an all-optical OFDM system based on time lens,” Opt. Commun. 284(16), 3983–3989 (2011).
[Crossref]

Jamshidifar, M.

N. E. Dahdah, D. S. Govan, M. Jamshidifar, N. J. Doran, and M. E. Marhic, “1-Tb/s DWDM long-haul transmission employing a fiber optical parametric amplifier,” Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(15), 1171–1173 (2010).
[Crossref]

Karlsson, M.

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. J. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannaku, B. J. Puttnam, H. Toda, and L. Gruner-Nielsen, “Towards ultrasensitive optical links enabled by low-noise phase-sensitive amplifiers,” Nat. Photonics 5(7), 430–436 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. B. Coles, B. P. Kuo, N. Alic, S. Moro, C. S. Bres, J. M. Chavez Boggio, P. A. Andrekson, M. Karlsson, S. Radic, and S. Radic, “Bandwidth-efficient phase modulation techniques for Stimulated Brillouin Scattering suppression in fiber optic parametric amplifiers,” Opt. Express 18(17), 18138–18150 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kuo, B. P.

Li, W.

Y. Li, W. Li, F. Ye, C. Wang, B. Huang, D. Liu, and K. Yang, “Experimental implementation of an all-optical OFDM system based on time lens,” Opt. Commun. 284(16), 3983–3989 (2011).
[Crossref]

Li, Y.

Y. Li, W. Li, F. Ye, C. Wang, B. Huang, D. Liu, and K. Yang, “Experimental implementation of an all-optical OFDM system based on time lens,” Opt. Commun. 284(16), 3983–3989 (2011).
[Crossref]

Lin, Q.

Ling, Y.

Liu, D.

Y. Li, W. Li, F. Ye, C. Wang, B. Huang, D. Liu, and K. Yang, “Experimental implementation of an all-optical OFDM system based on time lens,” Opt. Commun. 284(16), 3983–3989 (2011).
[Crossref]

Liu, X.

Lundström, C.

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. J. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannaku, B. J. Puttnam, H. Toda, and L. Gruner-Nielsen, “Towards ultrasensitive optical links enabled by low-noise phase-sensitive amplifiers,” Nat. Photonics 5(7), 430–436 (2011).
[Crossref]

Mansoor, S.

Marhic, M. E.

N. E. Dahdah, D. S. Govan, M. Jamshidifar, N. J. Doran, and M. E. Marhic, “1-Tb/s DWDM long-haul transmission employing a fiber optical parametric amplifier,” Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(15), 1171–1173 (2010).
[Crossref]

McKinstrie, C. J.

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. J. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannaku, B. J. Puttnam, H. Toda, and L. Gruner-Nielsen, “Towards ultrasensitive optical links enabled by low-noise phase-sensitive amplifiers,” Nat. Photonics 5(7), 430–436 (2011).
[Crossref]

Mito, I.

Y. Aoki, K. Tajima, and I. Mito, “Input power limits of single-mode optical fibers due to stimulated brillouin scattering in optical communication systems,” J. Lightwave Technol. 6(5), 710–719 (1988).
[Crossref]

Moro, S.

Myslivets, E.

B. J. M. Chavez, S. Moro, E. Myslivets, and J. R. Windmiller, “155-nm continuous-wave two-pump parametric amplification,” Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(10), 612–614 (2009).
[Crossref]

Olsson, B.-E.

T. Torounidis, P. A. Andrekson, and B.-E. Olsson, “Fiber-optical parametric amplifier with 70-dB gain,” Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(10), 1194–1196 (2006).
[Crossref]

Peucheret, C.

Puttnam, B. J.

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. J. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannaku, B. J. Puttnam, H. Toda, and L. Gruner-Nielsen, “Towards ultrasensitive optical links enabled by low-noise phase-sensitive amplifiers,” Nat. Photonics 5(7), 430–436 (2011).
[Crossref]

Radic, S.

Rottwitt, K.

Shieh, W.

Tajima, K.

Y. Aoki, K. Tajima, and I. Mito, “Input power limits of single-mode optical fibers due to stimulated brillouin scattering in optical communication systems,” J. Lightwave Technol. 6(5), 710–719 (1988).
[Crossref]

Tang, J. M.

Tipsuwannaku, E.

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. J. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannaku, B. J. Puttnam, H. Toda, and L. Gruner-Nielsen, “Towards ultrasensitive optical links enabled by low-noise phase-sensitive amplifiers,” Nat. Photonics 5(7), 430–436 (2011).
[Crossref]

Toda, H.

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. J. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannaku, B. J. Puttnam, H. Toda, and L. Gruner-Nielsen, “Towards ultrasensitive optical links enabled by low-noise phase-sensitive amplifiers,” Nat. Photonics 5(7), 430–436 (2011).
[Crossref]

Tong, Z.

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. J. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannaku, B. J. Puttnam, H. Toda, and L. Gruner-Nielsen, “Towards ultrasensitive optical links enabled by low-noise phase-sensitive amplifiers,” Nat. Photonics 5(7), 430–436 (2011).
[Crossref]

Torounidis, T.

T. Torounidis, P. A. Andrekson, and B.-E. Olsson, “Fiber-optical parametric amplifier with 70-dB gain,” Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(10), 1194–1196 (2006).
[Crossref]

Wang, C.

Y. Li, W. Li, F. Ye, C. Wang, B. Huang, D. Liu, and K. Yang, “Experimental implementation of an all-optical OFDM system based on time lens,” Opt. Commun. 284(16), 3983–3989 (2011).
[Crossref]

Windmiller, J. R.

B. J. M. Chavez, S. Moro, E. Myslivets, and J. R. Windmiller, “155-nm continuous-wave two-pump parametric amplification,” Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(10), 612–614 (2009).
[Crossref]

Yaman, F.

Yang, K.

Y. Li, W. Li, F. Ye, C. Wang, B. Huang, D. Liu, and K. Yang, “Experimental implementation of an all-optical OFDM system based on time lens,” Opt. Commun. 284(16), 3983–3989 (2011).
[Crossref]

Ye, F.

Y. Li, W. Li, F. Ye, C. Wang, B. Huang, D. Liu, and K. Yang, “Experimental implementation of an all-optical OFDM system based on time lens,” Opt. Commun. 284(16), 3983–3989 (2011).
[Crossref]

Zhao, J.

J. Zhao and A. Ellis, “Advantage of optical fast OFDM over OFDM in residual frequency offset compensation,” Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(24), 2284–2287 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (3)

Nat. Photonics (1)

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. J. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannaku, B. J. Puttnam, H. Toda, and L. Gruner-Nielsen, “Towards ultrasensitive optical links enabled by low-noise phase-sensitive amplifiers,” Nat. Photonics 5(7), 430–436 (2011).
[Crossref]

Opt. Commun. (1)

Y. Li, W. Li, F. Ye, C. Wang, B. Huang, D. Liu, and K. Yang, “Experimental implementation of an all-optical OFDM system based on time lens,” Opt. Commun. 284(16), 3983–3989 (2011).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Photon. Technol. Lett. (4)

J. Zhao and A. Ellis, “Advantage of optical fast OFDM over OFDM in residual frequency offset compensation,” Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(24), 2284–2287 (2012).
[Crossref]

N. E. Dahdah, D. S. Govan, M. Jamshidifar, N. J. Doran, and M. E. Marhic, “1-Tb/s DWDM long-haul transmission employing a fiber optical parametric amplifier,” Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(15), 1171–1173 (2010).
[Crossref]

B. J. M. Chavez, S. Moro, E. Myslivets, and J. R. Windmiller, “155-nm continuous-wave two-pump parametric amplification,” Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(10), 612–614 (2009).
[Crossref]

T. Torounidis, P. A. Andrekson, and B.-E. Olsson, “Fiber-optical parametric amplifier with 70-dB gain,” Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(10), 1194–1196 (2006).
[Crossref]

Other (2)

J. D. Marconi, J. M. C. Boggio, and H. L. Fragnito, “Nearly 100 nm bandwidth of flat gain with a double-pumped fiber optic parametric amplifier,” in Proc. OFC’07, paper. OWB1 (2007).

F. D. Ros, R. Borkowski, D. Zibar, and C. Peucheret, “Impact of gain saturation on the parametric amplification of 16-QAM signals,” in Proc. ECOC’12, paper. We.2.A.3 (2012).

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 The Schematic of proposed blank carrier blocking method.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Experimental setup (PM: phase modulator; AWG: arbitrary waveform generator; MZM: Mach-Zenhder modulator; PC: polarization controller; HNL-DSF: highly nonlinear dispersion shifted fiber; ISO: isolator; OSA: optical spectrum analyzer; DSO: digital signal oscillator).
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 The measured spectra (a) of OFDM signal before FOPA; (b) of detailed OFDM signal within IMT region; (c) of optical signal with and without amplification; (d) of the OFDM signal after FOPA.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 BER curves for proposed 4QAM-OFDM signal and interfered carriers without IMT blocking (OSNR resolution: 0.1nm).
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 The measured BER curves for different modulation formats (OSNR resolution: 0.1nm).
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 EVM and Gain Measurements. (a) The measured EVM of signal at different pump powers; (b) the gain spectrum at different pump powers (Ps: optical power of signal).

Equations (3)

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I = n = 1 A n exp ( j 2 π n f k )
s ( t ) = l = 1 N C l exp ( j 2 π f l t ) , f l = l 1 N T S
{ f k ' } { f l } B O F D M , f k ' = n f k

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