Abstract

The radiation of a dipole emitter close to a metallic nanowire optical antenna is investigated theoretically. By considering the excitation and multiple scattering of surface plasmon polaritons (SPPs) on the antenna and neglecting all other surface waves, we build up an intuitive pure-SPP model to comprehensively describe the radiation of the antenna. The model shows that for antennas with short lengths that support lower orders of resonance, waves other than SPPs contribute considerably to the antenna radiation, while SPPs play a dominant role for other cases. The enhancement of the antenna radiation is shown arising from two contributions, the field directly radiated by the emitter and the field resonantly excited by the surface waves on the antenna.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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References

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2014 (1)

2013 (1)

T. Tanemura, P. Wahl, S. H. Fan, and D. A. B. Miller, “Modal source radiator model for arbitrary two-dimensional arrays of subwavelength apertures on metal films,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 19(3), 4601110 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (1)

2011 (2)

T. H. Taminiau, F. D. Stefani, and N. F. van Hulst, “Optical nanorod antennas modeled as cavities for dipolar emitters: evolution of sub- and super-radiant modes,” Nano Lett. 11(3), 1020–1024 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Y. Li, F. Xiao, L. Cai, K. Alameh, and A. S. Xu, “Theory of the scattering of light and surface plasmon polaritons by finite-size subwavelength metallic defects via field decomposition,” New J. Phys. 13(7), 073045 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (3)

A. Y. Nikitin, F. J. García-Vidal, and L. Martín-Moreno, “Surface Electromagnetic Field Radiated by a Subwavelength Hole in a Metal Film,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(7), 073902 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Dorfmüller, R. Vogelgesang, W. Khunsin, C. Rockstuhl, C. Etrich, and K. Kern, “Plasmonic nanowire antennas: experiment, simulation, and theory,” Nano Lett. 10(9), 3596–3603 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. G. Curto, G. Volpe, T. H. Taminiau, M. P. Kreuzer, R. Quidant, and N. F. van Hulst, “Unidirectional Emission of a Quantum Dot Coupled to a Nanoantenna,” Science 329(5994), 930–933 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2009 (7)

Z. P. Li, F. Hao, Y. Z. Huang, Y. R. Fang, P. Nordlander, and H. X. Xu, “Directional Light Emission from Propagating Surface Plasmons of Silver Nanowires,” Nano Lett. 9(12), 4383–4386 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Lalanne, J. P. Hugonin, H. T. Liu, and B. Wang, “A microscopic view of the electromagnetic properties of sub-λλ metallic surfaces,” Surf. Sci. Rep. 64(10), 453–469 (2009).
[Crossref]

W. Dai and C. M. Soukoulis, “Theoretical analysis of the surface wave along a metal-dielectric interface,” Phys. Rev. B 80(15), 155407 (2009).
[Crossref]

A. Y. Nikitin, S. G. Rodrigo, F. J. García-Vidal, and L. Martín-Moreno, “In the diffraction shadow: Norton waves versus surface plasmon polaritons in the optical region,” New J. Phys. 11(12), 123020 (2009).
[Crossref]

I. Friedler, C. Sauvan, J. P. Hugonin, P. Lalanne, J. Claudon, and J. M. Gérard, “Solid-state single photon sources: the nanowire antenna,” Opt. Express 17(4), 2095–2110 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. P. Huang, X. G. Yin, H. Huang, and Y. Y. Zhu, “Study of plasmon resonance in a gold nanorod with an LC circuit model,” Opt. Express 17(8), 6407–6413 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Gordon, “Reflection of Cylindrical Surface Waves,” Opt. Express 17(21), 18621–18629 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2008 (5)

T. H. Taminiau, F. D. Stefani, and N. F. van Hulst, “Enhanced directional excitation and emission of single emitters by a nano-optical Yagi-Uda antenna,” Opt. Express 16(14), 10858 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Lalanne, C. Sauvan, and J. P. Hugonin, “Photon confinement in photonic crystal nanocavities,” Laser Photon. Rev. 2(6), 514–526 (2008).
[Crossref]

H. T. Liu and P. Lalanne, “Microscopic theory of the extraordinary optical transmission,” Nature 452(7188), 728–731 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Douillard, F. Charra, Z. Korczak, R. Bachelot, S. Kostcheev, G. Lerondel, P. M. Adam, and P. Royer, “Short range plasmon resonators probed by photoemission electron microscopy,” Nano Lett. 8(3), 935–940 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. N. Anker, W. P. Hall, O. Lyandres, N. C. Shah, J. Zhao, and R. P. Van Duyne, “Biosensing with plasmonic nanosensors,” Nat. Mater. 7(6), 442–453 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2007 (3)

O. L. Muskens, V. Giannini, J. A. Sánchez-Gil, and J. Gómez Rivas, “Strong enhancement of the radiative decay rate of emitters by single plasmonic nanoantennas,” Nano Lett. 7(9), 2871–2875 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. V. Akimov, A. Mukherjee, C. L. Yu, D. E. Chang, A. S. Zibrov, P. R. Hemmer, H. Park, and M. D. Lukin, “Generation of single optical plasmons in metallic nanowires coupled to quantum dots,” Nature 450(7168), 402–406 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. E. Chang, A. S. Sørensen, P. R. Hemmer, and M. D. Lukin, “Strong coupling of single emitters to surface plasmons,” Phys. Rev. B 76(3), 035420 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (3)

P. Lalanne and J. P. Hugonin, “Interaction between optical nano-objects at metallo-dielectric interfaces,” Nat. Phys. 2(8), 551–556 (2006).
[Crossref]

L. Novotny and S. J. Stranick, “Near-field optical microscopy and spectroscopy with pointed probes,” Annu. Rev. Phys. Chem. 57(1), 303–331 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Anger, P. Bharadwaj, and L. Novotny, “Enhancement and quenching of single-molecule fluorescence,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(11), 113002 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2005 (1)

1997 (1)

1996 (1)

1995 (1)

Adam, P. M.

L. Douillard, F. Charra, Z. Korczak, R. Bachelot, S. Kostcheev, G. Lerondel, P. M. Adam, and P. Royer, “Short range plasmon resonators probed by photoemission electron microscopy,” Nano Lett. 8(3), 935–940 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Akimov, A. V.

A. V. Akimov, A. Mukherjee, C. L. Yu, D. E. Chang, A. S. Zibrov, P. R. Hemmer, H. Park, and M. D. Lukin, “Generation of single optical plasmons in metallic nanowires coupled to quantum dots,” Nature 450(7168), 402–406 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Alameh, K.

G. Y. Li, F. Xiao, L. Cai, K. Alameh, and A. S. Xu, “Theory of the scattering of light and surface plasmon polaritons by finite-size subwavelength metallic defects via field decomposition,” New J. Phys. 13(7), 073045 (2011).
[Crossref]

Anger, P.

P. Anger, P. Bharadwaj, and L. Novotny, “Enhancement and quenching of single-molecule fluorescence,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(11), 113002 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Anker, J. N.

J. N. Anker, W. P. Hall, O. Lyandres, N. C. Shah, J. Zhao, and R. P. Van Duyne, “Biosensing with plasmonic nanosensors,” Nat. Mater. 7(6), 442–453 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bachelot, R.

L. Douillard, F. Charra, Z. Korczak, R. Bachelot, S. Kostcheev, G. Lerondel, P. M. Adam, and P. Royer, “Short range plasmon resonators probed by photoemission electron microscopy,” Nano Lett. 8(3), 935–940 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bharadwaj, P.

P. Anger, P. Bharadwaj, and L. Novotny, “Enhancement and quenching of single-molecule fluorescence,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(11), 113002 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bosman, M.

Cai, L.

G. Y. Li, F. Xiao, L. Cai, K. Alameh, and A. S. Xu, “Theory of the scattering of light and surface plasmon polaritons by finite-size subwavelength metallic defects via field decomposition,” New J. Phys. 13(7), 073045 (2011).
[Crossref]

Caldwell, J. D.

Chang, D. E.

D. E. Chang, A. S. Sørensen, P. R. Hemmer, and M. D. Lukin, “Strong coupling of single emitters to surface plasmons,” Phys. Rev. B 76(3), 035420 (2007).
[Crossref]

A. V. Akimov, A. Mukherjee, C. L. Yu, D. E. Chang, A. S. Zibrov, P. R. Hemmer, H. Park, and M. D. Lukin, “Generation of single optical plasmons in metallic nanowires coupled to quantum dots,” Nature 450(7168), 402–406 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Charra, F.

L. Douillard, F. Charra, Z. Korczak, R. Bachelot, S. Kostcheev, G. Lerondel, P. M. Adam, and P. Royer, “Short range plasmon resonators probed by photoemission electron microscopy,” Nano Lett. 8(3), 935–940 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Claudon, J.

Curto, A. G.

A. G. Curto, G. Volpe, T. H. Taminiau, M. P. Kreuzer, R. Quidant, and N. F. van Hulst, “Unidirectional Emission of a Quantum Dot Coupled to a Nanoantenna,” Science 329(5994), 930–933 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dai, W.

W. Dai and C. M. Soukoulis, “Theoretical analysis of the surface wave along a metal-dielectric interface,” Phys. Rev. B 80(15), 155407 (2009).
[Crossref]

Dorfmüller, J.

J. Dorfmüller, R. Vogelgesang, W. Khunsin, C. Rockstuhl, C. Etrich, and K. Kern, “Plasmonic nanowire antennas: experiment, simulation, and theory,” Nano Lett. 10(9), 3596–3603 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Douillard, L.

L. Douillard, F. Charra, Z. Korczak, R. Bachelot, S. Kostcheev, G. Lerondel, P. M. Adam, and P. Royer, “Short range plasmon resonators probed by photoemission electron microscopy,” Nano Lett. 8(3), 935–940 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Etrich, C.

J. Dorfmüller, R. Vogelgesang, W. Khunsin, C. Rockstuhl, C. Etrich, and K. Kern, “Plasmonic nanowire antennas: experiment, simulation, and theory,” Nano Lett. 10(9), 3596–3603 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fan, S. H.

T. Tanemura, P. Wahl, S. H. Fan, and D. A. B. Miller, “Modal source radiator model for arbitrary two-dimensional arrays of subwavelength apertures on metal films,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 19(3), 4601110 (2013).
[Crossref]

Fang, Y. R.

Z. P. Li, F. Hao, Y. Z. Huang, Y. R. Fang, P. Nordlander, and H. X. Xu, “Directional Light Emission from Propagating Surface Plasmons of Silver Nanowires,” Nano Lett. 9(12), 4383–4386 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Friedler, I.

García-Vidal, F. J.

A. Y. Nikitin, F. J. García-Vidal, and L. Martín-Moreno, “Surface Electromagnetic Field Radiated by a Subwavelength Hole in a Metal Film,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(7), 073902 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Y. Nikitin, S. G. Rodrigo, F. J. García-Vidal, and L. Martín-Moreno, “In the diffraction shadow: Norton waves versus surface plasmon polaritons in the optical region,” New J. Phys. 11(12), 123020 (2009).
[Crossref]

Gaylord, T. K.

Gérard, J. M.

Giannini, V.

O. L. Muskens, V. Giannini, J. A. Sánchez-Gil, and J. Gómez Rivas, “Strong enhancement of the radiative decay rate of emitters by single plasmonic nanoantennas,” Nano Lett. 7(9), 2871–2875 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Glembocki, O. J.

Gómez Rivas, J.

O. L. Muskens, V. Giannini, J. A. Sánchez-Gil, and J. Gómez Rivas, “Strong enhancement of the radiative decay rate of emitters by single plasmonic nanoantennas,” Nano Lett. 7(9), 2871–2875 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gordon, R.

Grann, E. B.

Guo, J.

Hall, W. P.

J. N. Anker, W. P. Hall, O. Lyandres, N. C. Shah, J. Zhao, and R. P. Van Duyne, “Biosensing with plasmonic nanosensors,” Nat. Mater. 7(6), 442–453 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hao, F.

Z. P. Li, F. Hao, Y. Z. Huang, Y. R. Fang, P. Nordlander, and H. X. Xu, “Directional Light Emission from Propagating Surface Plasmons of Silver Nanowires,” Nano Lett. 9(12), 4383–4386 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hemmer, P. R.

A. V. Akimov, A. Mukherjee, C. L. Yu, D. E. Chang, A. S. Zibrov, P. R. Hemmer, H. Park, and M. D. Lukin, “Generation of single optical plasmons in metallic nanowires coupled to quantum dots,” Nature 450(7168), 402–406 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. E. Chang, A. S. Sørensen, P. R. Hemmer, and M. D. Lukin, “Strong coupling of single emitters to surface plasmons,” Phys. Rev. B 76(3), 035420 (2007).
[Crossref]

Huang, C. P.

Huang, H.

Huang, Y. Z.

Z. P. Li, F. Hao, Y. Z. Huang, Y. R. Fang, P. Nordlander, and H. X. Xu, “Directional Light Emission from Propagating Surface Plasmons of Silver Nanowires,” Nano Lett. 9(12), 4383–4386 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hugonin, J. P.

I. Friedler, C. Sauvan, J. P. Hugonin, P. Lalanne, J. Claudon, and J. M. Gérard, “Solid-state single photon sources: the nanowire antenna,” Opt. Express 17(4), 2095–2110 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Lalanne, J. P. Hugonin, H. T. Liu, and B. Wang, “A microscopic view of the electromagnetic properties of sub-λλ metallic surfaces,” Surf. Sci. Rep. 64(10), 453–469 (2009).
[Crossref]

P. Lalanne, C. Sauvan, and J. P. Hugonin, “Photon confinement in photonic crystal nanocavities,” Laser Photon. Rev. 2(6), 514–526 (2008).
[Crossref]

P. Lalanne and J. P. Hugonin, “Interaction between optical nano-objects at metallo-dielectric interfaces,” Nat. Phys. 2(8), 551–556 (2006).
[Crossref]

J. P. Hugonin and P. Lalanne, “Perfectly matched layers as nonlinear coordinate transforms: a generalized formalization,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 22(9), 1844–1849 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kern, K.

J. Dorfmüller, R. Vogelgesang, W. Khunsin, C. Rockstuhl, C. Etrich, and K. Kern, “Plasmonic nanowire antennas: experiment, simulation, and theory,” Nano Lett. 10(9), 3596–3603 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Khunsin, W.

J. Dorfmüller, R. Vogelgesang, W. Khunsin, C. Rockstuhl, C. Etrich, and K. Kern, “Plasmonic nanowire antennas: experiment, simulation, and theory,” Nano Lett. 10(9), 3596–3603 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Korczak, Z.

L. Douillard, F. Charra, Z. Korczak, R. Bachelot, S. Kostcheev, G. Lerondel, P. M. Adam, and P. Royer, “Short range plasmon resonators probed by photoemission electron microscopy,” Nano Lett. 8(3), 935–940 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kostcheev, S.

L. Douillard, F. Charra, Z. Korczak, R. Bachelot, S. Kostcheev, G. Lerondel, P. M. Adam, and P. Royer, “Short range plasmon resonators probed by photoemission electron microscopy,” Nano Lett. 8(3), 935–940 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kreuzer, M. P.

A. G. Curto, G. Volpe, T. H. Taminiau, M. P. Kreuzer, R. Quidant, and N. F. van Hulst, “Unidirectional Emission of a Quantum Dot Coupled to a Nanoantenna,” Science 329(5994), 930–933 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lalanne, P.

I. Friedler, C. Sauvan, J. P. Hugonin, P. Lalanne, J. Claudon, and J. M. Gérard, “Solid-state single photon sources: the nanowire antenna,” Opt. Express 17(4), 2095–2110 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Lalanne, J. P. Hugonin, H. T. Liu, and B. Wang, “A microscopic view of the electromagnetic properties of sub-λλ metallic surfaces,” Surf. Sci. Rep. 64(10), 453–469 (2009).
[Crossref]

H. T. Liu and P. Lalanne, “Microscopic theory of the extraordinary optical transmission,” Nature 452(7188), 728–731 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Lalanne, C. Sauvan, and J. P. Hugonin, “Photon confinement in photonic crystal nanocavities,” Laser Photon. Rev. 2(6), 514–526 (2008).
[Crossref]

P. Lalanne and J. P. Hugonin, “Interaction between optical nano-objects at metallo-dielectric interfaces,” Nat. Phys. 2(8), 551–556 (2006).
[Crossref]

J. P. Hugonin and P. Lalanne, “Perfectly matched layers as nonlinear coordinate transforms: a generalized formalization,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 22(9), 1844–1849 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lerondel, G.

L. Douillard, F. Charra, Z. Korczak, R. Bachelot, S. Kostcheev, G. Lerondel, P. M. Adam, and P. Royer, “Short range plasmon resonators probed by photoemission electron microscopy,” Nano Lett. 8(3), 935–940 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, G. Y.

G. Y. Li, F. Xiao, L. Cai, K. Alameh, and A. S. Xu, “Theory of the scattering of light and surface plasmon polaritons by finite-size subwavelength metallic defects via field decomposition,” New J. Phys. 13(7), 073045 (2011).
[Crossref]

Li, L. F.

Li, Z. P.

Z. P. Li, F. Hao, Y. Z. Huang, Y. R. Fang, P. Nordlander, and H. X. Xu, “Directional Light Emission from Propagating Surface Plasmons of Silver Nanowires,” Nano Lett. 9(12), 4383–4386 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liu, H. T.

P. Lalanne, J. P. Hugonin, H. T. Liu, and B. Wang, “A microscopic view of the electromagnetic properties of sub-λλ metallic surfaces,” Surf. Sci. Rep. 64(10), 453–469 (2009).
[Crossref]

H. T. Liu and P. Lalanne, “Microscopic theory of the extraordinary optical transmission,” Nature 452(7188), 728–731 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Long, J. P.

Lukin, M. D.

D. E. Chang, A. S. Sørensen, P. R. Hemmer, and M. D. Lukin, “Strong coupling of single emitters to surface plasmons,” Phys. Rev. B 76(3), 035420 (2007).
[Crossref]

A. V. Akimov, A. Mukherjee, C. L. Yu, D. E. Chang, A. S. Zibrov, P. R. Hemmer, H. Park, and M. D. Lukin, “Generation of single optical plasmons in metallic nanowires coupled to quantum dots,” Nature 450(7168), 402–406 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lyandres, O.

J. N. Anker, W. P. Hall, O. Lyandres, N. C. Shah, J. Zhao, and R. P. Van Duyne, “Biosensing with plasmonic nanosensors,” Nat. Mater. 7(6), 442–453 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Martín-Moreno, L.

A. Y. Nikitin, F. J. García-Vidal, and L. Martín-Moreno, “Surface Electromagnetic Field Radiated by a Subwavelength Hole in a Metal Film,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(7), 073902 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Y. Nikitin, S. G. Rodrigo, F. J. García-Vidal, and L. Martín-Moreno, “In the diffraction shadow: Norton waves versus surface plasmon polaritons in the optical region,” New J. Phys. 11(12), 123020 (2009).
[Crossref]

Miller, D. A. B.

T. Tanemura, P. Wahl, S. H. Fan, and D. A. B. Miller, “Modal source radiator model for arbitrary two-dimensional arrays of subwavelength apertures on metal films,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 19(3), 4601110 (2013).
[Crossref]

Moharam, M. G.

Mukherjee, A.

A. V. Akimov, A. Mukherjee, C. L. Yu, D. E. Chang, A. S. Zibrov, P. R. Hemmer, H. Park, and M. D. Lukin, “Generation of single optical plasmons in metallic nanowires coupled to quantum dots,” Nature 450(7168), 402–406 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Muskens, O. L.

O. L. Muskens, V. Giannini, J. A. Sánchez-Gil, and J. Gómez Rivas, “Strong enhancement of the radiative decay rate of emitters by single plasmonic nanoantennas,” Nano Lett. 7(9), 2871–2875 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nikitin, A. Y.

A. Y. Nikitin, F. J. García-Vidal, and L. Martín-Moreno, “Surface Electromagnetic Field Radiated by a Subwavelength Hole in a Metal Film,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(7), 073902 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Y. Nikitin, S. G. Rodrigo, F. J. García-Vidal, and L. Martín-Moreno, “In the diffraction shadow: Norton waves versus surface plasmon polaritons in the optical region,” New J. Phys. 11(12), 123020 (2009).
[Crossref]

Nordlander, P.

Z. P. Li, F. Hao, Y. Z. Huang, Y. R. Fang, P. Nordlander, and H. X. Xu, “Directional Light Emission from Propagating Surface Plasmons of Silver Nanowires,” Nano Lett. 9(12), 4383–4386 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Novotny, L.

L. Novotny and S. J. Stranick, “Near-field optical microscopy and spectroscopy with pointed probes,” Annu. Rev. Phys. Chem. 57(1), 303–331 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Anger, P. Bharadwaj, and L. Novotny, “Enhancement and quenching of single-molecule fluorescence,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(11), 113002 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Owrutsky, J. C.

Park, H.

A. V. Akimov, A. Mukherjee, C. L. Yu, D. E. Chang, A. S. Zibrov, P. R. Hemmer, H. Park, and M. D. Lukin, “Generation of single optical plasmons in metallic nanowires coupled to quantum dots,” Nature 450(7168), 402–406 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pommet, D. A.

Quidant, R.

A. G. Curto, G. Volpe, T. H. Taminiau, M. P. Kreuzer, R. Quidant, and N. F. van Hulst, “Unidirectional Emission of a Quantum Dot Coupled to a Nanoantenna,” Science 329(5994), 930–933 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rockstuhl, C.

J. Dorfmüller, R. Vogelgesang, W. Khunsin, C. Rockstuhl, C. Etrich, and K. Kern, “Plasmonic nanowire antennas: experiment, simulation, and theory,” Nano Lett. 10(9), 3596–3603 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rodrigo, S. G.

A. Y. Nikitin, S. G. Rodrigo, F. J. García-Vidal, and L. Martín-Moreno, “In the diffraction shadow: Norton waves versus surface plasmon polaritons in the optical region,” New J. Phys. 11(12), 123020 (2009).
[Crossref]

Royer, P.

L. Douillard, F. Charra, Z. Korczak, R. Bachelot, S. Kostcheev, G. Lerondel, P. M. Adam, and P. Royer, “Short range plasmon resonators probed by photoemission electron microscopy,” Nano Lett. 8(3), 935–940 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sánchez-Gil, J. A.

O. L. Muskens, V. Giannini, J. A. Sánchez-Gil, and J. Gómez Rivas, “Strong enhancement of the radiative decay rate of emitters by single plasmonic nanoantennas,” Nano Lett. 7(9), 2871–2875 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sauvan, C.

I. Friedler, C. Sauvan, J. P. Hugonin, P. Lalanne, J. Claudon, and J. M. Gérard, “Solid-state single photon sources: the nanowire antenna,” Opt. Express 17(4), 2095–2110 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Lalanne, C. Sauvan, and J. P. Hugonin, “Photon confinement in photonic crystal nanocavities,” Laser Photon. Rev. 2(6), 514–526 (2008).
[Crossref]

Shah, N. C.

J. N. Anker, W. P. Hall, O. Lyandres, N. C. Shah, J. Zhao, and R. P. Van Duyne, “Biosensing with plasmonic nanosensors,” Nat. Mater. 7(6), 442–453 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Simpkins, B. S.

Sørensen, A. S.

D. E. Chang, A. S. Sørensen, P. R. Hemmer, and M. D. Lukin, “Strong coupling of single emitters to surface plasmons,” Phys. Rev. B 76(3), 035420 (2007).
[Crossref]

Soukoulis, C. M.

W. Dai and C. M. Soukoulis, “Theoretical analysis of the surface wave along a metal-dielectric interface,” Phys. Rev. B 80(15), 155407 (2009).
[Crossref]

Stefani, F. D.

T. H. Taminiau, F. D. Stefani, and N. F. van Hulst, “Optical nanorod antennas modeled as cavities for dipolar emitters: evolution of sub- and super-radiant modes,” Nano Lett. 11(3), 1020–1024 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. H. Taminiau, F. D. Stefani, and N. F. van Hulst, “Enhanced directional excitation and emission of single emitters by a nano-optical Yagi-Uda antenna,” Opt. Express 16(14), 10858 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Stranick, S. J.

L. Novotny and S. J. Stranick, “Near-field optical microscopy and spectroscopy with pointed probes,” Annu. Rev. Phys. Chem. 57(1), 303–331 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Taminiau, T. H.

T. H. Taminiau, F. D. Stefani, and N. F. van Hulst, “Optical nanorod antennas modeled as cavities for dipolar emitters: evolution of sub- and super-radiant modes,” Nano Lett. 11(3), 1020–1024 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. G. Curto, G. Volpe, T. H. Taminiau, M. P. Kreuzer, R. Quidant, and N. F. van Hulst, “Unidirectional Emission of a Quantum Dot Coupled to a Nanoantenna,” Science 329(5994), 930–933 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. H. Taminiau, F. D. Stefani, and N. F. van Hulst, “Enhanced directional excitation and emission of single emitters by a nano-optical Yagi-Uda antenna,” Opt. Express 16(14), 10858 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tanemura, T.

T. Tanemura, P. Wahl, S. H. Fan, and D. A. B. Miller, “Modal source radiator model for arbitrary two-dimensional arrays of subwavelength apertures on metal films,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 19(3), 4601110 (2013).
[Crossref]

Van Duyne, R. P.

J. N. Anker, W. P. Hall, O. Lyandres, N. C. Shah, J. Zhao, and R. P. Van Duyne, “Biosensing with plasmonic nanosensors,” Nat. Mater. 7(6), 442–453 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

van Hulst, N. F.

T. H. Taminiau, F. D. Stefani, and N. F. van Hulst, “Optical nanorod antennas modeled as cavities for dipolar emitters: evolution of sub- and super-radiant modes,” Nano Lett. 11(3), 1020–1024 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. G. Curto, G. Volpe, T. H. Taminiau, M. P. Kreuzer, R. Quidant, and N. F. van Hulst, “Unidirectional Emission of a Quantum Dot Coupled to a Nanoantenna,” Science 329(5994), 930–933 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. H. Taminiau, F. D. Stefani, and N. F. van Hulst, “Enhanced directional excitation and emission of single emitters by a nano-optical Yagi-Uda antenna,” Opt. Express 16(14), 10858 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Vogelgesang, R.

J. Dorfmüller, R. Vogelgesang, W. Khunsin, C. Rockstuhl, C. Etrich, and K. Kern, “Plasmonic nanowire antennas: experiment, simulation, and theory,” Nano Lett. 10(9), 3596–3603 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Volpe, G.

A. G. Curto, G. Volpe, T. H. Taminiau, M. P. Kreuzer, R. Quidant, and N. F. van Hulst, “Unidirectional Emission of a Quantum Dot Coupled to a Nanoantenna,” Science 329(5994), 930–933 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wahl, P.

T. Tanemura, P. Wahl, S. H. Fan, and D. A. B. Miller, “Modal source radiator model for arbitrary two-dimensional arrays of subwavelength apertures on metal films,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 19(3), 4601110 (2013).
[Crossref]

Wang, B.

P. Lalanne, J. P. Hugonin, H. T. Liu, and B. Wang, “A microscopic view of the electromagnetic properties of sub-λλ metallic surfaces,” Surf. Sci. Rep. 64(10), 453–469 (2009).
[Crossref]

Xiao, F.

G. Y. Li, F. Xiao, L. Cai, K. Alameh, and A. S. Xu, “Theory of the scattering of light and surface plasmon polaritons by finite-size subwavelength metallic defects via field decomposition,” New J. Phys. 13(7), 073045 (2011).
[Crossref]

Xu, A. S.

G. Y. Li, F. Xiao, L. Cai, K. Alameh, and A. S. Xu, “Theory of the scattering of light and surface plasmon polaritons by finite-size subwavelength metallic defects via field decomposition,” New J. Phys. 13(7), 073045 (2011).
[Crossref]

Xu, H. X.

Z. P. Li, F. Hao, Y. Z. Huang, Y. R. Fang, P. Nordlander, and H. X. Xu, “Directional Light Emission from Propagating Surface Plasmons of Silver Nanowires,” Nano Lett. 9(12), 4383–4386 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yang, J. K. W.

Yin, X. G.

Yu, C. L.

A. V. Akimov, A. Mukherjee, C. L. Yu, D. E. Chang, A. S. Zibrov, P. R. Hemmer, H. Park, and M. D. Lukin, “Generation of single optical plasmons in metallic nanowires coupled to quantum dots,” Nature 450(7168), 402–406 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhao, J.

J. N. Anker, W. P. Hall, O. Lyandres, N. C. Shah, J. Zhao, and R. P. Van Duyne, “Biosensing with plasmonic nanosensors,” Nat. Mater. 7(6), 442–453 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhu, D.

Zhu, Y. Y.

Zibrov, A. S.

A. V. Akimov, A. Mukherjee, C. L. Yu, D. E. Chang, A. S. Zibrov, P. R. Hemmer, H. Park, and M. D. Lukin, “Generation of single optical plasmons in metallic nanowires coupled to quantum dots,” Nature 450(7168), 402–406 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Annu. Rev. Phys. Chem. (1)

L. Novotny and S. J. Stranick, “Near-field optical microscopy and spectroscopy with pointed probes,” Annu. Rev. Phys. Chem. 57(1), 303–331 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

T. Tanemura, P. Wahl, S. H. Fan, and D. A. B. Miller, “Modal source radiator model for arbitrary two-dimensional arrays of subwavelength apertures on metal films,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 19(3), 4601110 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (4)

Laser Photon. Rev. (1)

P. Lalanne, C. Sauvan, and J. P. Hugonin, “Photon confinement in photonic crystal nanocavities,” Laser Photon. Rev. 2(6), 514–526 (2008).
[Crossref]

Nano Lett. (5)

Z. P. Li, F. Hao, Y. Z. Huang, Y. R. Fang, P. Nordlander, and H. X. Xu, “Directional Light Emission from Propagating Surface Plasmons of Silver Nanowires,” Nano Lett. 9(12), 4383–4386 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Douillard, F. Charra, Z. Korczak, R. Bachelot, S. Kostcheev, G. Lerondel, P. M. Adam, and P. Royer, “Short range plasmon resonators probed by photoemission electron microscopy,” Nano Lett. 8(3), 935–940 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Dorfmüller, R. Vogelgesang, W. Khunsin, C. Rockstuhl, C. Etrich, and K. Kern, “Plasmonic nanowire antennas: experiment, simulation, and theory,” Nano Lett. 10(9), 3596–3603 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. H. Taminiau, F. D. Stefani, and N. F. van Hulst, “Optical nanorod antennas modeled as cavities for dipolar emitters: evolution of sub- and super-radiant modes,” Nano Lett. 11(3), 1020–1024 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

O. L. Muskens, V. Giannini, J. A. Sánchez-Gil, and J. Gómez Rivas, “Strong enhancement of the radiative decay rate of emitters by single plasmonic nanoantennas,” Nano Lett. 7(9), 2871–2875 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Mater. (1)

J. N. Anker, W. P. Hall, O. Lyandres, N. C. Shah, J. Zhao, and R. P. Van Duyne, “Biosensing with plasmonic nanosensors,” Nat. Mater. 7(6), 442–453 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Phys. (1)

P. Lalanne and J. P. Hugonin, “Interaction between optical nano-objects at metallo-dielectric interfaces,” Nat. Phys. 2(8), 551–556 (2006).
[Crossref]

Nature (2)

H. T. Liu and P. Lalanne, “Microscopic theory of the extraordinary optical transmission,” Nature 452(7188), 728–731 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. V. Akimov, A. Mukherjee, C. L. Yu, D. E. Chang, A. S. Zibrov, P. R. Hemmer, H. Park, and M. D. Lukin, “Generation of single optical plasmons in metallic nanowires coupled to quantum dots,” Nature 450(7168), 402–406 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

New J. Phys. (2)

A. Y. Nikitin, S. G. Rodrigo, F. J. García-Vidal, and L. Martín-Moreno, “In the diffraction shadow: Norton waves versus surface plasmon polaritons in the optical region,” New J. Phys. 11(12), 123020 (2009).
[Crossref]

G. Y. Li, F. Xiao, L. Cai, K. Alameh, and A. S. Xu, “Theory of the scattering of light and surface plasmon polaritons by finite-size subwavelength metallic defects via field decomposition,” New J. Phys. 13(7), 073045 (2011).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (6)

Phys. Rev. B (2)

W. Dai and C. M. Soukoulis, “Theoretical analysis of the surface wave along a metal-dielectric interface,” Phys. Rev. B 80(15), 155407 (2009).
[Crossref]

D. E. Chang, A. S. Sørensen, P. R. Hemmer, and M. D. Lukin, “Strong coupling of single emitters to surface plasmons,” Phys. Rev. B 76(3), 035420 (2007).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

P. Anger, P. Bharadwaj, and L. Novotny, “Enhancement and quenching of single-molecule fluorescence,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(11), 113002 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Y. Nikitin, F. J. García-Vidal, and L. Martín-Moreno, “Surface Electromagnetic Field Radiated by a Subwavelength Hole in a Metal Film,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(7), 073902 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Science (1)

A. G. Curto, G. Volpe, T. H. Taminiau, M. P. Kreuzer, R. Quidant, and N. F. van Hulst, “Unidirectional Emission of a Quantum Dot Coupled to a Nanoantenna,” Science 329(5994), 930–933 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Surf. Sci. Rep. (1)

P. Lalanne, J. P. Hugonin, H. T. Liu, and B. Wang, “A microscopic view of the electromagnetic properties of sub-λλ metallic surfaces,” Surf. Sci. Rep. 64(10), 453–469 (2009).
[Crossref]

Other (3)

L. Novotny and B. Hecht, Principles of Nano-Optics (Cambridge University Press, 2006).

The calculation is performed with an in-house software, H. T. Liu, DIF CODE for modeling light diffraction in nanostructures (Nankai University, 2010).

E. D. Palik, Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids—Part II (Academic, 1985).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 (a) Geometry of the nanoantenna, which is illuminated by a normalized z-polarized electric dipole source (J) = jzz = δ(x,y,zzs)z at the antenna end. (b)-(d) Scattering coefficients t and r, and scattered fields E S , E SPP , scat and E SPP , + scat that appear in the SPP model. (e) Modulus of electric-field components of the fundamental SPP mode on the x-y cross section, which is calculated for D = 0.04λ, λ = 1μm (nm = 0.25 + 6.84i for gold).
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Total (a) and radiative (b) emission rates Γtot and Γrad (normalized with Γair in air), and quantum efficiency Γradtot (c) obtained for different antenna lengths L with the a-FMM (red circles) and the SPP model (blue solid curves). The horizontal dashed lines show the values for a semi-infinite nanoantenna. The results are obtained for d = 0.005λ, D = 0.04λ, λ = 1μm (for which t = 21.5232−36.7904i, r = −0.5721−0.6742i, neff = 1.4791 + 0.0346i in the SPP model).
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 (a)-(c) Total (left) and radiative (right) emission rates plotted as functions of source-antenna distance d at the first three orders of resonance (m = 0, 1, 2). (d) The first two terms Γ1 and Γ2 in Eq. (4) of the SPP model and the SPP excitation coefficient t obtained for different d. The results are obtained for D = 0.04λ and λ = 1μm.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 (a) Angular distribution of the emitted power obtained at the first three orders of resonance (m = 0, 1, 2 from left to right). (b)-(c) Distribution of the Poynting vector modulus |(S)| (i.e. energy flux density) obtained for m = 0, 1, 2 with the fully-vectorial a-FMM and the SPP model. (d) Distribution of the electric near-field intensity on the cross section y = 0 for m = 0, 1, 2. The geometrical parameters of the antenna are the same as those in the Fig. 2. The international system of units (SI) is adopted for the presented data.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Tangential electric-field component (|Ez| in SI) of the SPP field (blue solid curves) and of the residual field (red dashed curves) on the surface of the antenna (obtained at y = 0) at the first three orders of resonance (m = 0, 1, 2). The geometrical parameters of the antenna are the same as those in the Fig. 2.

Equations (9)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

a = t + r u b ,
b = r u a .
a = t 1 ( r u ) 2 ,
b = t r u 1 ( r u ) 2 .
E ( x , y , z ) = E S ( x , y , z ) + b u E SPP , + scat ( x , y , z ) + a u E SPP , scat ( x , y , z ) .
Γ tot = 1 2 Re [ z · E S ( 0 , 0 , z S ) ] 1 2 Re [ b u z · E SPP , + scat ( 0 , 0 , z S ) ] 1 2 Re [ a u z · E SPP , scat ( 0 , 0 , z S ) ] ,
2 k 0 Re ( n eff ) L + 2 arg ( r ) = 2 m π ,
E x ( x , y , z ) = m = M M n = N N S m , n ( z ) exp ( i m K x x ) exp ( i n K y y ) ,
S m , n ( z ) = p = 1 P w m , n , p [ c p + exp ( i β p z ) + c p exp ( i β p z ) ] .

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