Abstract

With the development of astronomy, more and more attention is paid to the survey of dark matter. Dark matter cannot be seen directly but can be detected by weak gravitational lensing measurement. Ellipticity is an important parameter used to define the shape of a galaxy. Galaxy ellipticity changes with weak gravitational lensing and nonideal optics. With our design of an unobscured off-axis telescope, we implement the simulation and calculation of optics ellipticity. With an accurate model of optics PSF, the characteristic of ellipticity is modeled and analyzed. It is shown that with good optical design, the full field ellipticity can be quite small. The spatial ellipticity change can be modeled by cubic interpolation with very high accuracy. We also modeled the ellipticity variance with time and analyzed the tolerance. It is shown that the unobscured off-axis telescope has good ellipticity performance and fulfills the requirement of dark matter survey.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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References

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2014 (1)

R. Mandelbaum, B. Rowe, J. Bosch, C. Chang, F. Courbin, M. Gill, M. Jarvis, A. Kannawadi, T. Kacprzak, C. Lackner, A. Leauthaud, H. Miyatake, R. Nakajima, J. Rhodes, M. Simet, J. Zuntz, B. Armstrong, S. Bridle, J. Coupon, J. P. Dietrich, M. Gentile, C. Heymans, A. S. Jurling, S. M. Kent, D. Kirkby, D. Margala, R. Massey, P. Melchior, J. Peterson, A. Roodman, and T. Schrabback, “The third gravitational lensing accuracy testing (GREAT3) challenge handbook,” Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser. 212(1), 5 (2014).
[Crossref]

2011 (1)

J. E. Krist, R. N. Hook, and F. Stoehr, “20 years of Hubble Space Telescope optical modeling using Tiny Tim,” Proc. SPIE 8127, 81270J (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (1)

J. Amiaux, J. L. Auguères, O. Boulade, C. Cara, S. Paulin-Henriksson, A. Réfrégier, S. Ronayette, A. Amara, A. Glauser, C. Dumesnil, A. M. Di Giorgio, J. Booth, M. Schweitzer, R. Holmes, M. Cropper, E. Atad-Ettedgui, L. Duvet, and D. Lumb, “Euclid imaging channels: from science to system requirements,” Proc. SPIE 7731, 77311I (2010).
[Crossref]

2008 (1)

S. Paulin-Henriksson, A. Amara, L. Voigt, A. Refregier, and S. L. Bridle, “Point spread function calibration requirements for dark energy from cosmic shear,” Astron. Astrophys. 484(1), 67–77 (2008).
[Crossref]

2006 (2)

C. Heymans, L. V. Waerbeke, D. Bacon, J. Berge, G. Bernstein, E. Bertin, S. Bridle, M. L. Brown, D. Clowe, H. Dahle, T. Erben, M. Gray, M. Hetterscheidt, H. Hoekstra, P. Hudelot, M. Jarvis, K. Kuijken, V. Margoniner, R. Massey, Y. Mellier, R. Nakajima, A. Refregier, J. Rhodes, T. Schrabback, and D. Wittman, “The shear testing programme 1: weak lensing analysis of simulated ground-based observations,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 368(3), 1323–1339 (2006).
[Crossref]

K. Kuijken, “Shears from shapelets,” Astron. Astrophys. 456(3), 827–838 (2006).
[Crossref]

2002 (2)

A. J. E. M. Janssen, “Extended Nijboer-Zernike approach for the computation of optical point-spread functions,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 19(5), 849–857 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. M. Bernstein and M. Jarvis, “Shapes and shears, stars and smears: optimal measurements for weak lensing,” Astron. J. 123(2), 583–618 (2002).
[Crossref]

2001 (2)

T. Erben, L. V. Waerbeke, E. Bertin, Y. Mellier, and P. Schneider, “How accurately can we measure weak gravitational shear,” Astron. Astrophys. 366(3), 717–735 (2001).
[Crossref]

M. Bartelmann and P. Schneider, “Weak gravitational lensing,” Phys. Rep. 340(4-5), 291–472 (2001).
[Crossref]

1999 (1)

J. R. Kuhn and S. L. Hawley, “Some astronomical performance advantages of off-axis telescopes,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 111(759), 601–620 (1999).
[Crossref]

1995 (1)

N. Kaiser, G. Squires, and T. Broadhurst, “A method for weak lensing observations,” Astrophys. J. 449, 460–475 (1995).
[Crossref]

Amara, A.

J. Amiaux, J. L. Auguères, O. Boulade, C. Cara, S. Paulin-Henriksson, A. Réfrégier, S. Ronayette, A. Amara, A. Glauser, C. Dumesnil, A. M. Di Giorgio, J. Booth, M. Schweitzer, R. Holmes, M. Cropper, E. Atad-Ettedgui, L. Duvet, and D. Lumb, “Euclid imaging channels: from science to system requirements,” Proc. SPIE 7731, 77311I (2010).
[Crossref]

S. Paulin-Henriksson, A. Amara, L. Voigt, A. Refregier, and S. L. Bridle, “Point spread function calibration requirements for dark energy from cosmic shear,” Astron. Astrophys. 484(1), 67–77 (2008).
[Crossref]

Amiaux, J.

J. Amiaux, J. L. Auguères, O. Boulade, C. Cara, S. Paulin-Henriksson, A. Réfrégier, S. Ronayette, A. Amara, A. Glauser, C. Dumesnil, A. M. Di Giorgio, J. Booth, M. Schweitzer, R. Holmes, M. Cropper, E. Atad-Ettedgui, L. Duvet, and D. Lumb, “Euclid imaging channels: from science to system requirements,” Proc. SPIE 7731, 77311I (2010).
[Crossref]

Armstrong, B.

R. Mandelbaum, B. Rowe, J. Bosch, C. Chang, F. Courbin, M. Gill, M. Jarvis, A. Kannawadi, T. Kacprzak, C. Lackner, A. Leauthaud, H. Miyatake, R. Nakajima, J. Rhodes, M. Simet, J. Zuntz, B. Armstrong, S. Bridle, J. Coupon, J. P. Dietrich, M. Gentile, C. Heymans, A. S. Jurling, S. M. Kent, D. Kirkby, D. Margala, R. Massey, P. Melchior, J. Peterson, A. Roodman, and T. Schrabback, “The third gravitational lensing accuracy testing (GREAT3) challenge handbook,” Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser. 212(1), 5 (2014).
[Crossref]

Atad-Ettedgui, E.

J. Amiaux, J. L. Auguères, O. Boulade, C. Cara, S. Paulin-Henriksson, A. Réfrégier, S. Ronayette, A. Amara, A. Glauser, C. Dumesnil, A. M. Di Giorgio, J. Booth, M. Schweitzer, R. Holmes, M. Cropper, E. Atad-Ettedgui, L. Duvet, and D. Lumb, “Euclid imaging channels: from science to system requirements,” Proc. SPIE 7731, 77311I (2010).
[Crossref]

Auguères, J. L.

J. Amiaux, J. L. Auguères, O. Boulade, C. Cara, S. Paulin-Henriksson, A. Réfrégier, S. Ronayette, A. Amara, A. Glauser, C. Dumesnil, A. M. Di Giorgio, J. Booth, M. Schweitzer, R. Holmes, M. Cropper, E. Atad-Ettedgui, L. Duvet, and D. Lumb, “Euclid imaging channels: from science to system requirements,” Proc. SPIE 7731, 77311I (2010).
[Crossref]

Bacon, D.

C. Heymans, L. V. Waerbeke, D. Bacon, J. Berge, G. Bernstein, E. Bertin, S. Bridle, M. L. Brown, D. Clowe, H. Dahle, T. Erben, M. Gray, M. Hetterscheidt, H. Hoekstra, P. Hudelot, M. Jarvis, K. Kuijken, V. Margoniner, R. Massey, Y. Mellier, R. Nakajima, A. Refregier, J. Rhodes, T. Schrabback, and D. Wittman, “The shear testing programme 1: weak lensing analysis of simulated ground-based observations,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 368(3), 1323–1339 (2006).
[Crossref]

Bartelmann, M.

M. Bartelmann and P. Schneider, “Weak gravitational lensing,” Phys. Rep. 340(4-5), 291–472 (2001).
[Crossref]

Berge, J.

C. Heymans, L. V. Waerbeke, D. Bacon, J. Berge, G. Bernstein, E. Bertin, S. Bridle, M. L. Brown, D. Clowe, H. Dahle, T. Erben, M. Gray, M. Hetterscheidt, H. Hoekstra, P. Hudelot, M. Jarvis, K. Kuijken, V. Margoniner, R. Massey, Y. Mellier, R. Nakajima, A. Refregier, J. Rhodes, T. Schrabback, and D. Wittman, “The shear testing programme 1: weak lensing analysis of simulated ground-based observations,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 368(3), 1323–1339 (2006).
[Crossref]

Bernstein, G.

C. Heymans, L. V. Waerbeke, D. Bacon, J. Berge, G. Bernstein, E. Bertin, S. Bridle, M. L. Brown, D. Clowe, H. Dahle, T. Erben, M. Gray, M. Hetterscheidt, H. Hoekstra, P. Hudelot, M. Jarvis, K. Kuijken, V. Margoniner, R. Massey, Y. Mellier, R. Nakajima, A. Refregier, J. Rhodes, T. Schrabback, and D. Wittman, “The shear testing programme 1: weak lensing analysis of simulated ground-based observations,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 368(3), 1323–1339 (2006).
[Crossref]

Bernstein, G. M.

G. M. Bernstein and M. Jarvis, “Shapes and shears, stars and smears: optimal measurements for weak lensing,” Astron. J. 123(2), 583–618 (2002).
[Crossref]

Bertin, E.

C. Heymans, L. V. Waerbeke, D. Bacon, J. Berge, G. Bernstein, E. Bertin, S. Bridle, M. L. Brown, D. Clowe, H. Dahle, T. Erben, M. Gray, M. Hetterscheidt, H. Hoekstra, P. Hudelot, M. Jarvis, K. Kuijken, V. Margoniner, R. Massey, Y. Mellier, R. Nakajima, A. Refregier, J. Rhodes, T. Schrabback, and D. Wittman, “The shear testing programme 1: weak lensing analysis of simulated ground-based observations,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 368(3), 1323–1339 (2006).
[Crossref]

T. Erben, L. V. Waerbeke, E. Bertin, Y. Mellier, and P. Schneider, “How accurately can we measure weak gravitational shear,” Astron. Astrophys. 366(3), 717–735 (2001).
[Crossref]

Booth, J.

J. Amiaux, J. L. Auguères, O. Boulade, C. Cara, S. Paulin-Henriksson, A. Réfrégier, S. Ronayette, A. Amara, A. Glauser, C. Dumesnil, A. M. Di Giorgio, J. Booth, M. Schweitzer, R. Holmes, M. Cropper, E. Atad-Ettedgui, L. Duvet, and D. Lumb, “Euclid imaging channels: from science to system requirements,” Proc. SPIE 7731, 77311I (2010).
[Crossref]

Bosch, J.

R. Mandelbaum, B. Rowe, J. Bosch, C. Chang, F. Courbin, M. Gill, M. Jarvis, A. Kannawadi, T. Kacprzak, C. Lackner, A. Leauthaud, H. Miyatake, R. Nakajima, J. Rhodes, M. Simet, J. Zuntz, B. Armstrong, S. Bridle, J. Coupon, J. P. Dietrich, M. Gentile, C. Heymans, A. S. Jurling, S. M. Kent, D. Kirkby, D. Margala, R. Massey, P. Melchior, J. Peterson, A. Roodman, and T. Schrabback, “The third gravitational lensing accuracy testing (GREAT3) challenge handbook,” Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser. 212(1), 5 (2014).
[Crossref]

Boulade, O.

J. Amiaux, J. L. Auguères, O. Boulade, C. Cara, S. Paulin-Henriksson, A. Réfrégier, S. Ronayette, A. Amara, A. Glauser, C. Dumesnil, A. M. Di Giorgio, J. Booth, M. Schweitzer, R. Holmes, M. Cropper, E. Atad-Ettedgui, L. Duvet, and D. Lumb, “Euclid imaging channels: from science to system requirements,” Proc. SPIE 7731, 77311I (2010).
[Crossref]

Bridle, S.

R. Mandelbaum, B. Rowe, J. Bosch, C. Chang, F. Courbin, M. Gill, M. Jarvis, A. Kannawadi, T. Kacprzak, C. Lackner, A. Leauthaud, H. Miyatake, R. Nakajima, J. Rhodes, M. Simet, J. Zuntz, B. Armstrong, S. Bridle, J. Coupon, J. P. Dietrich, M. Gentile, C. Heymans, A. S. Jurling, S. M. Kent, D. Kirkby, D. Margala, R. Massey, P. Melchior, J. Peterson, A. Roodman, and T. Schrabback, “The third gravitational lensing accuracy testing (GREAT3) challenge handbook,” Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser. 212(1), 5 (2014).
[Crossref]

C. Heymans, L. V. Waerbeke, D. Bacon, J. Berge, G. Bernstein, E. Bertin, S. Bridle, M. L. Brown, D. Clowe, H. Dahle, T. Erben, M. Gray, M. Hetterscheidt, H. Hoekstra, P. Hudelot, M. Jarvis, K. Kuijken, V. Margoniner, R. Massey, Y. Mellier, R. Nakajima, A. Refregier, J. Rhodes, T. Schrabback, and D. Wittman, “The shear testing programme 1: weak lensing analysis of simulated ground-based observations,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 368(3), 1323–1339 (2006).
[Crossref]

Bridle, S. L.

S. Paulin-Henriksson, A. Amara, L. Voigt, A. Refregier, and S. L. Bridle, “Point spread function calibration requirements for dark energy from cosmic shear,” Astron. Astrophys. 484(1), 67–77 (2008).
[Crossref]

Broadhurst, T.

N. Kaiser, G. Squires, and T. Broadhurst, “A method for weak lensing observations,” Astrophys. J. 449, 460–475 (1995).
[Crossref]

Brown, M. L.

C. Heymans, L. V. Waerbeke, D. Bacon, J. Berge, G. Bernstein, E. Bertin, S. Bridle, M. L. Brown, D. Clowe, H. Dahle, T. Erben, M. Gray, M. Hetterscheidt, H. Hoekstra, P. Hudelot, M. Jarvis, K. Kuijken, V. Margoniner, R. Massey, Y. Mellier, R. Nakajima, A. Refregier, J. Rhodes, T. Schrabback, and D. Wittman, “The shear testing programme 1: weak lensing analysis of simulated ground-based observations,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 368(3), 1323–1339 (2006).
[Crossref]

Cara, C.

J. Amiaux, J. L. Auguères, O. Boulade, C. Cara, S. Paulin-Henriksson, A. Réfrégier, S. Ronayette, A. Amara, A. Glauser, C. Dumesnil, A. M. Di Giorgio, J. Booth, M. Schweitzer, R. Holmes, M. Cropper, E. Atad-Ettedgui, L. Duvet, and D. Lumb, “Euclid imaging channels: from science to system requirements,” Proc. SPIE 7731, 77311I (2010).
[Crossref]

Chang, C.

R. Mandelbaum, B. Rowe, J. Bosch, C. Chang, F. Courbin, M. Gill, M. Jarvis, A. Kannawadi, T. Kacprzak, C. Lackner, A. Leauthaud, H. Miyatake, R. Nakajima, J. Rhodes, M. Simet, J. Zuntz, B. Armstrong, S. Bridle, J. Coupon, J. P. Dietrich, M. Gentile, C. Heymans, A. S. Jurling, S. M. Kent, D. Kirkby, D. Margala, R. Massey, P. Melchior, J. Peterson, A. Roodman, and T. Schrabback, “The third gravitational lensing accuracy testing (GREAT3) challenge handbook,” Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser. 212(1), 5 (2014).
[Crossref]

Clowe, D.

C. Heymans, L. V. Waerbeke, D. Bacon, J. Berge, G. Bernstein, E. Bertin, S. Bridle, M. L. Brown, D. Clowe, H. Dahle, T. Erben, M. Gray, M. Hetterscheidt, H. Hoekstra, P. Hudelot, M. Jarvis, K. Kuijken, V. Margoniner, R. Massey, Y. Mellier, R. Nakajima, A. Refregier, J. Rhodes, T. Schrabback, and D. Wittman, “The shear testing programme 1: weak lensing analysis of simulated ground-based observations,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 368(3), 1323–1339 (2006).
[Crossref]

Coupon, J.

R. Mandelbaum, B. Rowe, J. Bosch, C. Chang, F. Courbin, M. Gill, M. Jarvis, A. Kannawadi, T. Kacprzak, C. Lackner, A. Leauthaud, H. Miyatake, R. Nakajima, J. Rhodes, M. Simet, J. Zuntz, B. Armstrong, S. Bridle, J. Coupon, J. P. Dietrich, M. Gentile, C. Heymans, A. S. Jurling, S. M. Kent, D. Kirkby, D. Margala, R. Massey, P. Melchior, J. Peterson, A. Roodman, and T. Schrabback, “The third gravitational lensing accuracy testing (GREAT3) challenge handbook,” Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser. 212(1), 5 (2014).
[Crossref]

Courbin, F.

R. Mandelbaum, B. Rowe, J. Bosch, C. Chang, F. Courbin, M. Gill, M. Jarvis, A. Kannawadi, T. Kacprzak, C. Lackner, A. Leauthaud, H. Miyatake, R. Nakajima, J. Rhodes, M. Simet, J. Zuntz, B. Armstrong, S. Bridle, J. Coupon, J. P. Dietrich, M. Gentile, C. Heymans, A. S. Jurling, S. M. Kent, D. Kirkby, D. Margala, R. Massey, P. Melchior, J. Peterson, A. Roodman, and T. Schrabback, “The third gravitational lensing accuracy testing (GREAT3) challenge handbook,” Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser. 212(1), 5 (2014).
[Crossref]

Cropper, M.

J. Amiaux, J. L. Auguères, O. Boulade, C. Cara, S. Paulin-Henriksson, A. Réfrégier, S. Ronayette, A. Amara, A. Glauser, C. Dumesnil, A. M. Di Giorgio, J. Booth, M. Schweitzer, R. Holmes, M. Cropper, E. Atad-Ettedgui, L. Duvet, and D. Lumb, “Euclid imaging channels: from science to system requirements,” Proc. SPIE 7731, 77311I (2010).
[Crossref]

Dahle, H.

C. Heymans, L. V. Waerbeke, D. Bacon, J. Berge, G. Bernstein, E. Bertin, S. Bridle, M. L. Brown, D. Clowe, H. Dahle, T. Erben, M. Gray, M. Hetterscheidt, H. Hoekstra, P. Hudelot, M. Jarvis, K. Kuijken, V. Margoniner, R. Massey, Y. Mellier, R. Nakajima, A. Refregier, J. Rhodes, T. Schrabback, and D. Wittman, “The shear testing programme 1: weak lensing analysis of simulated ground-based observations,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 368(3), 1323–1339 (2006).
[Crossref]

Di Giorgio, A. M.

J. Amiaux, J. L. Auguères, O. Boulade, C. Cara, S. Paulin-Henriksson, A. Réfrégier, S. Ronayette, A. Amara, A. Glauser, C. Dumesnil, A. M. Di Giorgio, J. Booth, M. Schweitzer, R. Holmes, M. Cropper, E. Atad-Ettedgui, L. Duvet, and D. Lumb, “Euclid imaging channels: from science to system requirements,” Proc. SPIE 7731, 77311I (2010).
[Crossref]

Dietrich, J. P.

R. Mandelbaum, B. Rowe, J. Bosch, C. Chang, F. Courbin, M. Gill, M. Jarvis, A. Kannawadi, T. Kacprzak, C. Lackner, A. Leauthaud, H. Miyatake, R. Nakajima, J. Rhodes, M. Simet, J. Zuntz, B. Armstrong, S. Bridle, J. Coupon, J. P. Dietrich, M. Gentile, C. Heymans, A. S. Jurling, S. M. Kent, D. Kirkby, D. Margala, R. Massey, P. Melchior, J. Peterson, A. Roodman, and T. Schrabback, “The third gravitational lensing accuracy testing (GREAT3) challenge handbook,” Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser. 212(1), 5 (2014).
[Crossref]

Dumesnil, C.

J. Amiaux, J. L. Auguères, O. Boulade, C. Cara, S. Paulin-Henriksson, A. Réfrégier, S. Ronayette, A. Amara, A. Glauser, C. Dumesnil, A. M. Di Giorgio, J. Booth, M. Schweitzer, R. Holmes, M. Cropper, E. Atad-Ettedgui, L. Duvet, and D. Lumb, “Euclid imaging channels: from science to system requirements,” Proc. SPIE 7731, 77311I (2010).
[Crossref]

Duvet, L.

J. Amiaux, J. L. Auguères, O. Boulade, C. Cara, S. Paulin-Henriksson, A. Réfrégier, S. Ronayette, A. Amara, A. Glauser, C. Dumesnil, A. M. Di Giorgio, J. Booth, M. Schweitzer, R. Holmes, M. Cropper, E. Atad-Ettedgui, L. Duvet, and D. Lumb, “Euclid imaging channels: from science to system requirements,” Proc. SPIE 7731, 77311I (2010).
[Crossref]

Erben, T.

C. Heymans, L. V. Waerbeke, D. Bacon, J. Berge, G. Bernstein, E. Bertin, S. Bridle, M. L. Brown, D. Clowe, H. Dahle, T. Erben, M. Gray, M. Hetterscheidt, H. Hoekstra, P. Hudelot, M. Jarvis, K. Kuijken, V. Margoniner, R. Massey, Y. Mellier, R. Nakajima, A. Refregier, J. Rhodes, T. Schrabback, and D. Wittman, “The shear testing programme 1: weak lensing analysis of simulated ground-based observations,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 368(3), 1323–1339 (2006).
[Crossref]

T. Erben, L. V. Waerbeke, E. Bertin, Y. Mellier, and P. Schneider, “How accurately can we measure weak gravitational shear,” Astron. Astrophys. 366(3), 717–735 (2001).
[Crossref]

Gentile, M.

R. Mandelbaum, B. Rowe, J. Bosch, C. Chang, F. Courbin, M. Gill, M. Jarvis, A. Kannawadi, T. Kacprzak, C. Lackner, A. Leauthaud, H. Miyatake, R. Nakajima, J. Rhodes, M. Simet, J. Zuntz, B. Armstrong, S. Bridle, J. Coupon, J. P. Dietrich, M. Gentile, C. Heymans, A. S. Jurling, S. M. Kent, D. Kirkby, D. Margala, R. Massey, P. Melchior, J. Peterson, A. Roodman, and T. Schrabback, “The third gravitational lensing accuracy testing (GREAT3) challenge handbook,” Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser. 212(1), 5 (2014).
[Crossref]

Gill, M.

R. Mandelbaum, B. Rowe, J. Bosch, C. Chang, F. Courbin, M. Gill, M. Jarvis, A. Kannawadi, T. Kacprzak, C. Lackner, A. Leauthaud, H. Miyatake, R. Nakajima, J. Rhodes, M. Simet, J. Zuntz, B. Armstrong, S. Bridle, J. Coupon, J. P. Dietrich, M. Gentile, C. Heymans, A. S. Jurling, S. M. Kent, D. Kirkby, D. Margala, R. Massey, P. Melchior, J. Peterson, A. Roodman, and T. Schrabback, “The third gravitational lensing accuracy testing (GREAT3) challenge handbook,” Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser. 212(1), 5 (2014).
[Crossref]

Glauser, A.

J. Amiaux, J. L. Auguères, O. Boulade, C. Cara, S. Paulin-Henriksson, A. Réfrégier, S. Ronayette, A. Amara, A. Glauser, C. Dumesnil, A. M. Di Giorgio, J. Booth, M. Schweitzer, R. Holmes, M. Cropper, E. Atad-Ettedgui, L. Duvet, and D. Lumb, “Euclid imaging channels: from science to system requirements,” Proc. SPIE 7731, 77311I (2010).
[Crossref]

Gray, M.

C. Heymans, L. V. Waerbeke, D. Bacon, J. Berge, G. Bernstein, E. Bertin, S. Bridle, M. L. Brown, D. Clowe, H. Dahle, T. Erben, M. Gray, M. Hetterscheidt, H. Hoekstra, P. Hudelot, M. Jarvis, K. Kuijken, V. Margoniner, R. Massey, Y. Mellier, R. Nakajima, A. Refregier, J. Rhodes, T. Schrabback, and D. Wittman, “The shear testing programme 1: weak lensing analysis of simulated ground-based observations,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 368(3), 1323–1339 (2006).
[Crossref]

Hawley, S. L.

J. R. Kuhn and S. L. Hawley, “Some astronomical performance advantages of off-axis telescopes,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 111(759), 601–620 (1999).
[Crossref]

Hetterscheidt, M.

C. Heymans, L. V. Waerbeke, D. Bacon, J. Berge, G. Bernstein, E. Bertin, S. Bridle, M. L. Brown, D. Clowe, H. Dahle, T. Erben, M. Gray, M. Hetterscheidt, H. Hoekstra, P. Hudelot, M. Jarvis, K. Kuijken, V. Margoniner, R. Massey, Y. Mellier, R. Nakajima, A. Refregier, J. Rhodes, T. Schrabback, and D. Wittman, “The shear testing programme 1: weak lensing analysis of simulated ground-based observations,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 368(3), 1323–1339 (2006).
[Crossref]

Heymans, C.

R. Mandelbaum, B. Rowe, J. Bosch, C. Chang, F. Courbin, M. Gill, M. Jarvis, A. Kannawadi, T. Kacprzak, C. Lackner, A. Leauthaud, H. Miyatake, R. Nakajima, J. Rhodes, M. Simet, J. Zuntz, B. Armstrong, S. Bridle, J. Coupon, J. P. Dietrich, M. Gentile, C. Heymans, A. S. Jurling, S. M. Kent, D. Kirkby, D. Margala, R. Massey, P. Melchior, J. Peterson, A. Roodman, and T. Schrabback, “The third gravitational lensing accuracy testing (GREAT3) challenge handbook,” Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser. 212(1), 5 (2014).
[Crossref]

C. Heymans, L. V. Waerbeke, D. Bacon, J. Berge, G. Bernstein, E. Bertin, S. Bridle, M. L. Brown, D. Clowe, H. Dahle, T. Erben, M. Gray, M. Hetterscheidt, H. Hoekstra, P. Hudelot, M. Jarvis, K. Kuijken, V. Margoniner, R. Massey, Y. Mellier, R. Nakajima, A. Refregier, J. Rhodes, T. Schrabback, and D. Wittman, “The shear testing programme 1: weak lensing analysis of simulated ground-based observations,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 368(3), 1323–1339 (2006).
[Crossref]

Hoekstra, H.

C. Heymans, L. V. Waerbeke, D. Bacon, J. Berge, G. Bernstein, E. Bertin, S. Bridle, M. L. Brown, D. Clowe, H. Dahle, T. Erben, M. Gray, M. Hetterscheidt, H. Hoekstra, P. Hudelot, M. Jarvis, K. Kuijken, V. Margoniner, R. Massey, Y. Mellier, R. Nakajima, A. Refregier, J. Rhodes, T. Schrabback, and D. Wittman, “The shear testing programme 1: weak lensing analysis of simulated ground-based observations,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 368(3), 1323–1339 (2006).
[Crossref]

Holmes, R.

J. Amiaux, J. L. Auguères, O. Boulade, C. Cara, S. Paulin-Henriksson, A. Réfrégier, S. Ronayette, A. Amara, A. Glauser, C. Dumesnil, A. M. Di Giorgio, J. Booth, M. Schweitzer, R. Holmes, M. Cropper, E. Atad-Ettedgui, L. Duvet, and D. Lumb, “Euclid imaging channels: from science to system requirements,” Proc. SPIE 7731, 77311I (2010).
[Crossref]

Hook, R. N.

J. E. Krist, R. N. Hook, and F. Stoehr, “20 years of Hubble Space Telescope optical modeling using Tiny Tim,” Proc. SPIE 8127, 81270J (2011).
[Crossref]

Hudelot, P.

C. Heymans, L. V. Waerbeke, D. Bacon, J. Berge, G. Bernstein, E. Bertin, S. Bridle, M. L. Brown, D. Clowe, H. Dahle, T. Erben, M. Gray, M. Hetterscheidt, H. Hoekstra, P. Hudelot, M. Jarvis, K. Kuijken, V. Margoniner, R. Massey, Y. Mellier, R. Nakajima, A. Refregier, J. Rhodes, T. Schrabback, and D. Wittman, “The shear testing programme 1: weak lensing analysis of simulated ground-based observations,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 368(3), 1323–1339 (2006).
[Crossref]

Janssen, A. J. E. M.

Jarvis, M.

R. Mandelbaum, B. Rowe, J. Bosch, C. Chang, F. Courbin, M. Gill, M. Jarvis, A. Kannawadi, T. Kacprzak, C. Lackner, A. Leauthaud, H. Miyatake, R. Nakajima, J. Rhodes, M. Simet, J. Zuntz, B. Armstrong, S. Bridle, J. Coupon, J. P. Dietrich, M. Gentile, C. Heymans, A. S. Jurling, S. M. Kent, D. Kirkby, D. Margala, R. Massey, P. Melchior, J. Peterson, A. Roodman, and T. Schrabback, “The third gravitational lensing accuracy testing (GREAT3) challenge handbook,” Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser. 212(1), 5 (2014).
[Crossref]

C. Heymans, L. V. Waerbeke, D. Bacon, J. Berge, G. Bernstein, E. Bertin, S. Bridle, M. L. Brown, D. Clowe, H. Dahle, T. Erben, M. Gray, M. Hetterscheidt, H. Hoekstra, P. Hudelot, M. Jarvis, K. Kuijken, V. Margoniner, R. Massey, Y. Mellier, R. Nakajima, A. Refregier, J. Rhodes, T. Schrabback, and D. Wittman, “The shear testing programme 1: weak lensing analysis of simulated ground-based observations,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 368(3), 1323–1339 (2006).
[Crossref]

G. M. Bernstein and M. Jarvis, “Shapes and shears, stars and smears: optimal measurements for weak lensing,” Astron. J. 123(2), 583–618 (2002).
[Crossref]

Jurling, A. S.

R. Mandelbaum, B. Rowe, J. Bosch, C. Chang, F. Courbin, M. Gill, M. Jarvis, A. Kannawadi, T. Kacprzak, C. Lackner, A. Leauthaud, H. Miyatake, R. Nakajima, J. Rhodes, M. Simet, J. Zuntz, B. Armstrong, S. Bridle, J. Coupon, J. P. Dietrich, M. Gentile, C. Heymans, A. S. Jurling, S. M. Kent, D. Kirkby, D. Margala, R. Massey, P. Melchior, J. Peterson, A. Roodman, and T. Schrabback, “The third gravitational lensing accuracy testing (GREAT3) challenge handbook,” Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser. 212(1), 5 (2014).
[Crossref]

Kacprzak, T.

R. Mandelbaum, B. Rowe, J. Bosch, C. Chang, F. Courbin, M. Gill, M. Jarvis, A. Kannawadi, T. Kacprzak, C. Lackner, A. Leauthaud, H. Miyatake, R. Nakajima, J. Rhodes, M. Simet, J. Zuntz, B. Armstrong, S. Bridle, J. Coupon, J. P. Dietrich, M. Gentile, C. Heymans, A. S. Jurling, S. M. Kent, D. Kirkby, D. Margala, R. Massey, P. Melchior, J. Peterson, A. Roodman, and T. Schrabback, “The third gravitational lensing accuracy testing (GREAT3) challenge handbook,” Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser. 212(1), 5 (2014).
[Crossref]

Kaiser, N.

N. Kaiser, G. Squires, and T. Broadhurst, “A method for weak lensing observations,” Astrophys. J. 449, 460–475 (1995).
[Crossref]

Kannawadi, A.

R. Mandelbaum, B. Rowe, J. Bosch, C. Chang, F. Courbin, M. Gill, M. Jarvis, A. Kannawadi, T. Kacprzak, C. Lackner, A. Leauthaud, H. Miyatake, R. Nakajima, J. Rhodes, M. Simet, J. Zuntz, B. Armstrong, S. Bridle, J. Coupon, J. P. Dietrich, M. Gentile, C. Heymans, A. S. Jurling, S. M. Kent, D. Kirkby, D. Margala, R. Massey, P. Melchior, J. Peterson, A. Roodman, and T. Schrabback, “The third gravitational lensing accuracy testing (GREAT3) challenge handbook,” Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser. 212(1), 5 (2014).
[Crossref]

Kent, S. M.

R. Mandelbaum, B. Rowe, J. Bosch, C. Chang, F. Courbin, M. Gill, M. Jarvis, A. Kannawadi, T. Kacprzak, C. Lackner, A. Leauthaud, H. Miyatake, R. Nakajima, J. Rhodes, M. Simet, J. Zuntz, B. Armstrong, S. Bridle, J. Coupon, J. P. Dietrich, M. Gentile, C. Heymans, A. S. Jurling, S. M. Kent, D. Kirkby, D. Margala, R. Massey, P. Melchior, J. Peterson, A. Roodman, and T. Schrabback, “The third gravitational lensing accuracy testing (GREAT3) challenge handbook,” Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser. 212(1), 5 (2014).
[Crossref]

Kirkby, D.

R. Mandelbaum, B. Rowe, J. Bosch, C. Chang, F. Courbin, M. Gill, M. Jarvis, A. Kannawadi, T. Kacprzak, C. Lackner, A. Leauthaud, H. Miyatake, R. Nakajima, J. Rhodes, M. Simet, J. Zuntz, B. Armstrong, S. Bridle, J. Coupon, J. P. Dietrich, M. Gentile, C. Heymans, A. S. Jurling, S. M. Kent, D. Kirkby, D. Margala, R. Massey, P. Melchior, J. Peterson, A. Roodman, and T. Schrabback, “The third gravitational lensing accuracy testing (GREAT3) challenge handbook,” Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser. 212(1), 5 (2014).
[Crossref]

Krist, J. E.

J. E. Krist, R. N. Hook, and F. Stoehr, “20 years of Hubble Space Telescope optical modeling using Tiny Tim,” Proc. SPIE 8127, 81270J (2011).
[Crossref]

Kuhn, J. R.

J. R. Kuhn and S. L. Hawley, “Some astronomical performance advantages of off-axis telescopes,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 111(759), 601–620 (1999).
[Crossref]

Kuijken, K.

K. Kuijken, “Shears from shapelets,” Astron. Astrophys. 456(3), 827–838 (2006).
[Crossref]

C. Heymans, L. V. Waerbeke, D. Bacon, J. Berge, G. Bernstein, E. Bertin, S. Bridle, M. L. Brown, D. Clowe, H. Dahle, T. Erben, M. Gray, M. Hetterscheidt, H. Hoekstra, P. Hudelot, M. Jarvis, K. Kuijken, V. Margoniner, R. Massey, Y. Mellier, R. Nakajima, A. Refregier, J. Rhodes, T. Schrabback, and D. Wittman, “The shear testing programme 1: weak lensing analysis of simulated ground-based observations,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 368(3), 1323–1339 (2006).
[Crossref]

Lackner, C.

R. Mandelbaum, B. Rowe, J. Bosch, C. Chang, F. Courbin, M. Gill, M. Jarvis, A. Kannawadi, T. Kacprzak, C. Lackner, A. Leauthaud, H. Miyatake, R. Nakajima, J. Rhodes, M. Simet, J. Zuntz, B. Armstrong, S. Bridle, J. Coupon, J. P. Dietrich, M. Gentile, C. Heymans, A. S. Jurling, S. M. Kent, D. Kirkby, D. Margala, R. Massey, P. Melchior, J. Peterson, A. Roodman, and T. Schrabback, “The third gravitational lensing accuracy testing (GREAT3) challenge handbook,” Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser. 212(1), 5 (2014).
[Crossref]

Leauthaud, A.

R. Mandelbaum, B. Rowe, J. Bosch, C. Chang, F. Courbin, M. Gill, M. Jarvis, A. Kannawadi, T. Kacprzak, C. Lackner, A. Leauthaud, H. Miyatake, R. Nakajima, J. Rhodes, M. Simet, J. Zuntz, B. Armstrong, S. Bridle, J. Coupon, J. P. Dietrich, M. Gentile, C. Heymans, A. S. Jurling, S. M. Kent, D. Kirkby, D. Margala, R. Massey, P. Melchior, J. Peterson, A. Roodman, and T. Schrabback, “The third gravitational lensing accuracy testing (GREAT3) challenge handbook,” Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser. 212(1), 5 (2014).
[Crossref]

Lumb, D.

J. Amiaux, J. L. Auguères, O. Boulade, C. Cara, S. Paulin-Henriksson, A. Réfrégier, S. Ronayette, A. Amara, A. Glauser, C. Dumesnil, A. M. Di Giorgio, J. Booth, M. Schweitzer, R. Holmes, M. Cropper, E. Atad-Ettedgui, L. Duvet, and D. Lumb, “Euclid imaging channels: from science to system requirements,” Proc. SPIE 7731, 77311I (2010).
[Crossref]

Mandelbaum, R.

R. Mandelbaum, B. Rowe, J. Bosch, C. Chang, F. Courbin, M. Gill, M. Jarvis, A. Kannawadi, T. Kacprzak, C. Lackner, A. Leauthaud, H. Miyatake, R. Nakajima, J. Rhodes, M. Simet, J. Zuntz, B. Armstrong, S. Bridle, J. Coupon, J. P. Dietrich, M. Gentile, C. Heymans, A. S. Jurling, S. M. Kent, D. Kirkby, D. Margala, R. Massey, P. Melchior, J. Peterson, A. Roodman, and T. Schrabback, “The third gravitational lensing accuracy testing (GREAT3) challenge handbook,” Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser. 212(1), 5 (2014).
[Crossref]

Margala, D.

R. Mandelbaum, B. Rowe, J. Bosch, C. Chang, F. Courbin, M. Gill, M. Jarvis, A. Kannawadi, T. Kacprzak, C. Lackner, A. Leauthaud, H. Miyatake, R. Nakajima, J. Rhodes, M. Simet, J. Zuntz, B. Armstrong, S. Bridle, J. Coupon, J. P. Dietrich, M. Gentile, C. Heymans, A. S. Jurling, S. M. Kent, D. Kirkby, D. Margala, R. Massey, P. Melchior, J. Peterson, A. Roodman, and T. Schrabback, “The third gravitational lensing accuracy testing (GREAT3) challenge handbook,” Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser. 212(1), 5 (2014).
[Crossref]

Margoniner, V.

C. Heymans, L. V. Waerbeke, D. Bacon, J. Berge, G. Bernstein, E. Bertin, S. Bridle, M. L. Brown, D. Clowe, H. Dahle, T. Erben, M. Gray, M. Hetterscheidt, H. Hoekstra, P. Hudelot, M. Jarvis, K. Kuijken, V. Margoniner, R. Massey, Y. Mellier, R. Nakajima, A. Refregier, J. Rhodes, T. Schrabback, and D. Wittman, “The shear testing programme 1: weak lensing analysis of simulated ground-based observations,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 368(3), 1323–1339 (2006).
[Crossref]

Massey, R.

R. Mandelbaum, B. Rowe, J. Bosch, C. Chang, F. Courbin, M. Gill, M. Jarvis, A. Kannawadi, T. Kacprzak, C. Lackner, A. Leauthaud, H. Miyatake, R. Nakajima, J. Rhodes, M. Simet, J. Zuntz, B. Armstrong, S. Bridle, J. Coupon, J. P. Dietrich, M. Gentile, C. Heymans, A. S. Jurling, S. M. Kent, D. Kirkby, D. Margala, R. Massey, P. Melchior, J. Peterson, A. Roodman, and T. Schrabback, “The third gravitational lensing accuracy testing (GREAT3) challenge handbook,” Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser. 212(1), 5 (2014).
[Crossref]

C. Heymans, L. V. Waerbeke, D. Bacon, J. Berge, G. Bernstein, E. Bertin, S. Bridle, M. L. Brown, D. Clowe, H. Dahle, T. Erben, M. Gray, M. Hetterscheidt, H. Hoekstra, P. Hudelot, M. Jarvis, K. Kuijken, V. Margoniner, R. Massey, Y. Mellier, R. Nakajima, A. Refregier, J. Rhodes, T. Schrabback, and D. Wittman, “The shear testing programme 1: weak lensing analysis of simulated ground-based observations,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 368(3), 1323–1339 (2006).
[Crossref]

Melchior, P.

R. Mandelbaum, B. Rowe, J. Bosch, C. Chang, F. Courbin, M. Gill, M. Jarvis, A. Kannawadi, T. Kacprzak, C. Lackner, A. Leauthaud, H. Miyatake, R. Nakajima, J. Rhodes, M. Simet, J. Zuntz, B. Armstrong, S. Bridle, J. Coupon, J. P. Dietrich, M. Gentile, C. Heymans, A. S. Jurling, S. M. Kent, D. Kirkby, D. Margala, R. Massey, P. Melchior, J. Peterson, A. Roodman, and T. Schrabback, “The third gravitational lensing accuracy testing (GREAT3) challenge handbook,” Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser. 212(1), 5 (2014).
[Crossref]

Mellier, Y.

C. Heymans, L. V. Waerbeke, D. Bacon, J. Berge, G. Bernstein, E. Bertin, S. Bridle, M. L. Brown, D. Clowe, H. Dahle, T. Erben, M. Gray, M. Hetterscheidt, H. Hoekstra, P. Hudelot, M. Jarvis, K. Kuijken, V. Margoniner, R. Massey, Y. Mellier, R. Nakajima, A. Refregier, J. Rhodes, T. Schrabback, and D. Wittman, “The shear testing programme 1: weak lensing analysis of simulated ground-based observations,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 368(3), 1323–1339 (2006).
[Crossref]

T. Erben, L. V. Waerbeke, E. Bertin, Y. Mellier, and P. Schneider, “How accurately can we measure weak gravitational shear,” Astron. Astrophys. 366(3), 717–735 (2001).
[Crossref]

Miyatake, H.

R. Mandelbaum, B. Rowe, J. Bosch, C. Chang, F. Courbin, M. Gill, M. Jarvis, A. Kannawadi, T. Kacprzak, C. Lackner, A. Leauthaud, H. Miyatake, R. Nakajima, J. Rhodes, M. Simet, J. Zuntz, B. Armstrong, S. Bridle, J. Coupon, J. P. Dietrich, M. Gentile, C. Heymans, A. S. Jurling, S. M. Kent, D. Kirkby, D. Margala, R. Massey, P. Melchior, J. Peterson, A. Roodman, and T. Schrabback, “The third gravitational lensing accuracy testing (GREAT3) challenge handbook,” Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser. 212(1), 5 (2014).
[Crossref]

Nakajima, R.

R. Mandelbaum, B. Rowe, J. Bosch, C. Chang, F. Courbin, M. Gill, M. Jarvis, A. Kannawadi, T. Kacprzak, C. Lackner, A. Leauthaud, H. Miyatake, R. Nakajima, J. Rhodes, M. Simet, J. Zuntz, B. Armstrong, S. Bridle, J. Coupon, J. P. Dietrich, M. Gentile, C. Heymans, A. S. Jurling, S. M. Kent, D. Kirkby, D. Margala, R. Massey, P. Melchior, J. Peterson, A. Roodman, and T. Schrabback, “The third gravitational lensing accuracy testing (GREAT3) challenge handbook,” Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser. 212(1), 5 (2014).
[Crossref]

C. Heymans, L. V. Waerbeke, D. Bacon, J. Berge, G. Bernstein, E. Bertin, S. Bridle, M. L. Brown, D. Clowe, H. Dahle, T. Erben, M. Gray, M. Hetterscheidt, H. Hoekstra, P. Hudelot, M. Jarvis, K. Kuijken, V. Margoniner, R. Massey, Y. Mellier, R. Nakajima, A. Refregier, J. Rhodes, T. Schrabback, and D. Wittman, “The shear testing programme 1: weak lensing analysis of simulated ground-based observations,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 368(3), 1323–1339 (2006).
[Crossref]

Paulin-Henriksson, S.

J. Amiaux, J. L. Auguères, O. Boulade, C. Cara, S. Paulin-Henriksson, A. Réfrégier, S. Ronayette, A. Amara, A. Glauser, C. Dumesnil, A. M. Di Giorgio, J. Booth, M. Schweitzer, R. Holmes, M. Cropper, E. Atad-Ettedgui, L. Duvet, and D. Lumb, “Euclid imaging channels: from science to system requirements,” Proc. SPIE 7731, 77311I (2010).
[Crossref]

S. Paulin-Henriksson, A. Amara, L. Voigt, A. Refregier, and S. L. Bridle, “Point spread function calibration requirements for dark energy from cosmic shear,” Astron. Astrophys. 484(1), 67–77 (2008).
[Crossref]

Peterson, J.

R. Mandelbaum, B. Rowe, J. Bosch, C. Chang, F. Courbin, M. Gill, M. Jarvis, A. Kannawadi, T. Kacprzak, C. Lackner, A. Leauthaud, H. Miyatake, R. Nakajima, J. Rhodes, M. Simet, J. Zuntz, B. Armstrong, S. Bridle, J. Coupon, J. P. Dietrich, M. Gentile, C. Heymans, A. S. Jurling, S. M. Kent, D. Kirkby, D. Margala, R. Massey, P. Melchior, J. Peterson, A. Roodman, and T. Schrabback, “The third gravitational lensing accuracy testing (GREAT3) challenge handbook,” Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser. 212(1), 5 (2014).
[Crossref]

Refregier, A.

S. Paulin-Henriksson, A. Amara, L. Voigt, A. Refregier, and S. L. Bridle, “Point spread function calibration requirements for dark energy from cosmic shear,” Astron. Astrophys. 484(1), 67–77 (2008).
[Crossref]

C. Heymans, L. V. Waerbeke, D. Bacon, J. Berge, G. Bernstein, E. Bertin, S. Bridle, M. L. Brown, D. Clowe, H. Dahle, T. Erben, M. Gray, M. Hetterscheidt, H. Hoekstra, P. Hudelot, M. Jarvis, K. Kuijken, V. Margoniner, R. Massey, Y. Mellier, R. Nakajima, A. Refregier, J. Rhodes, T. Schrabback, and D. Wittman, “The shear testing programme 1: weak lensing analysis of simulated ground-based observations,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 368(3), 1323–1339 (2006).
[Crossref]

Réfrégier, A.

J. Amiaux, J. L. Auguères, O. Boulade, C. Cara, S. Paulin-Henriksson, A. Réfrégier, S. Ronayette, A. Amara, A. Glauser, C. Dumesnil, A. M. Di Giorgio, J. Booth, M. Schweitzer, R. Holmes, M. Cropper, E. Atad-Ettedgui, L. Duvet, and D. Lumb, “Euclid imaging channels: from science to system requirements,” Proc. SPIE 7731, 77311I (2010).
[Crossref]

Rhodes, J.

R. Mandelbaum, B. Rowe, J. Bosch, C. Chang, F. Courbin, M. Gill, M. Jarvis, A. Kannawadi, T. Kacprzak, C. Lackner, A. Leauthaud, H. Miyatake, R. Nakajima, J. Rhodes, M. Simet, J. Zuntz, B. Armstrong, S. Bridle, J. Coupon, J. P. Dietrich, M. Gentile, C. Heymans, A. S. Jurling, S. M. Kent, D. Kirkby, D. Margala, R. Massey, P. Melchior, J. Peterson, A. Roodman, and T. Schrabback, “The third gravitational lensing accuracy testing (GREAT3) challenge handbook,” Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser. 212(1), 5 (2014).
[Crossref]

C. Heymans, L. V. Waerbeke, D. Bacon, J. Berge, G. Bernstein, E. Bertin, S. Bridle, M. L. Brown, D. Clowe, H. Dahle, T. Erben, M. Gray, M. Hetterscheidt, H. Hoekstra, P. Hudelot, M. Jarvis, K. Kuijken, V. Margoniner, R. Massey, Y. Mellier, R. Nakajima, A. Refregier, J. Rhodes, T. Schrabback, and D. Wittman, “The shear testing programme 1: weak lensing analysis of simulated ground-based observations,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 368(3), 1323–1339 (2006).
[Crossref]

Ronayette, S.

J. Amiaux, J. L. Auguères, O. Boulade, C. Cara, S. Paulin-Henriksson, A. Réfrégier, S. Ronayette, A. Amara, A. Glauser, C. Dumesnil, A. M. Di Giorgio, J. Booth, M. Schweitzer, R. Holmes, M. Cropper, E. Atad-Ettedgui, L. Duvet, and D. Lumb, “Euclid imaging channels: from science to system requirements,” Proc. SPIE 7731, 77311I (2010).
[Crossref]

Roodman, A.

R. Mandelbaum, B. Rowe, J. Bosch, C. Chang, F. Courbin, M. Gill, M. Jarvis, A. Kannawadi, T. Kacprzak, C. Lackner, A. Leauthaud, H. Miyatake, R. Nakajima, J. Rhodes, M. Simet, J. Zuntz, B. Armstrong, S. Bridle, J. Coupon, J. P. Dietrich, M. Gentile, C. Heymans, A. S. Jurling, S. M. Kent, D. Kirkby, D. Margala, R. Massey, P. Melchior, J. Peterson, A. Roodman, and T. Schrabback, “The third gravitational lensing accuracy testing (GREAT3) challenge handbook,” Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser. 212(1), 5 (2014).
[Crossref]

Rowe, B.

R. Mandelbaum, B. Rowe, J. Bosch, C. Chang, F. Courbin, M. Gill, M. Jarvis, A. Kannawadi, T. Kacprzak, C. Lackner, A. Leauthaud, H. Miyatake, R. Nakajima, J. Rhodes, M. Simet, J. Zuntz, B. Armstrong, S. Bridle, J. Coupon, J. P. Dietrich, M. Gentile, C. Heymans, A. S. Jurling, S. M. Kent, D. Kirkby, D. Margala, R. Massey, P. Melchior, J. Peterson, A. Roodman, and T. Schrabback, “The third gravitational lensing accuracy testing (GREAT3) challenge handbook,” Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser. 212(1), 5 (2014).
[Crossref]

Schneider, P.

M. Bartelmann and P. Schneider, “Weak gravitational lensing,” Phys. Rep. 340(4-5), 291–472 (2001).
[Crossref]

T. Erben, L. V. Waerbeke, E. Bertin, Y. Mellier, and P. Schneider, “How accurately can we measure weak gravitational shear,” Astron. Astrophys. 366(3), 717–735 (2001).
[Crossref]

Schrabback, T.

R. Mandelbaum, B. Rowe, J. Bosch, C. Chang, F. Courbin, M. Gill, M. Jarvis, A. Kannawadi, T. Kacprzak, C. Lackner, A. Leauthaud, H. Miyatake, R. Nakajima, J. Rhodes, M. Simet, J. Zuntz, B. Armstrong, S. Bridle, J. Coupon, J. P. Dietrich, M. Gentile, C. Heymans, A. S. Jurling, S. M. Kent, D. Kirkby, D. Margala, R. Massey, P. Melchior, J. Peterson, A. Roodman, and T. Schrabback, “The third gravitational lensing accuracy testing (GREAT3) challenge handbook,” Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser. 212(1), 5 (2014).
[Crossref]

C. Heymans, L. V. Waerbeke, D. Bacon, J. Berge, G. Bernstein, E. Bertin, S. Bridle, M. L. Brown, D. Clowe, H. Dahle, T. Erben, M. Gray, M. Hetterscheidt, H. Hoekstra, P. Hudelot, M. Jarvis, K. Kuijken, V. Margoniner, R. Massey, Y. Mellier, R. Nakajima, A. Refregier, J. Rhodes, T. Schrabback, and D. Wittman, “The shear testing programme 1: weak lensing analysis of simulated ground-based observations,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 368(3), 1323–1339 (2006).
[Crossref]

Schweitzer, M.

J. Amiaux, J. L. Auguères, O. Boulade, C. Cara, S. Paulin-Henriksson, A. Réfrégier, S. Ronayette, A. Amara, A. Glauser, C. Dumesnil, A. M. Di Giorgio, J. Booth, M. Schweitzer, R. Holmes, M. Cropper, E. Atad-Ettedgui, L. Duvet, and D. Lumb, “Euclid imaging channels: from science to system requirements,” Proc. SPIE 7731, 77311I (2010).
[Crossref]

Simet, M.

R. Mandelbaum, B. Rowe, J. Bosch, C. Chang, F. Courbin, M. Gill, M. Jarvis, A. Kannawadi, T. Kacprzak, C. Lackner, A. Leauthaud, H. Miyatake, R. Nakajima, J. Rhodes, M. Simet, J. Zuntz, B. Armstrong, S. Bridle, J. Coupon, J. P. Dietrich, M. Gentile, C. Heymans, A. S. Jurling, S. M. Kent, D. Kirkby, D. Margala, R. Massey, P. Melchior, J. Peterson, A. Roodman, and T. Schrabback, “The third gravitational lensing accuracy testing (GREAT3) challenge handbook,” Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser. 212(1), 5 (2014).
[Crossref]

Squires, G.

N. Kaiser, G. Squires, and T. Broadhurst, “A method for weak lensing observations,” Astrophys. J. 449, 460–475 (1995).
[Crossref]

Stoehr, F.

J. E. Krist, R. N. Hook, and F. Stoehr, “20 years of Hubble Space Telescope optical modeling using Tiny Tim,” Proc. SPIE 8127, 81270J (2011).
[Crossref]

Voigt, L.

S. Paulin-Henriksson, A. Amara, L. Voigt, A. Refregier, and S. L. Bridle, “Point spread function calibration requirements for dark energy from cosmic shear,” Astron. Astrophys. 484(1), 67–77 (2008).
[Crossref]

Waerbeke, L. V.

C. Heymans, L. V. Waerbeke, D. Bacon, J. Berge, G. Bernstein, E. Bertin, S. Bridle, M. L. Brown, D. Clowe, H. Dahle, T. Erben, M. Gray, M. Hetterscheidt, H. Hoekstra, P. Hudelot, M. Jarvis, K. Kuijken, V. Margoniner, R. Massey, Y. Mellier, R. Nakajima, A. Refregier, J. Rhodes, T. Schrabback, and D. Wittman, “The shear testing programme 1: weak lensing analysis of simulated ground-based observations,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 368(3), 1323–1339 (2006).
[Crossref]

T. Erben, L. V. Waerbeke, E. Bertin, Y. Mellier, and P. Schneider, “How accurately can we measure weak gravitational shear,” Astron. Astrophys. 366(3), 717–735 (2001).
[Crossref]

Wittman, D.

C. Heymans, L. V. Waerbeke, D. Bacon, J. Berge, G. Bernstein, E. Bertin, S. Bridle, M. L. Brown, D. Clowe, H. Dahle, T. Erben, M. Gray, M. Hetterscheidt, H. Hoekstra, P. Hudelot, M. Jarvis, K. Kuijken, V. Margoniner, R. Massey, Y. Mellier, R. Nakajima, A. Refregier, J. Rhodes, T. Schrabback, and D. Wittman, “The shear testing programme 1: weak lensing analysis of simulated ground-based observations,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 368(3), 1323–1339 (2006).
[Crossref]

Zuntz, J.

R. Mandelbaum, B. Rowe, J. Bosch, C. Chang, F. Courbin, M. Gill, M. Jarvis, A. Kannawadi, T. Kacprzak, C. Lackner, A. Leauthaud, H. Miyatake, R. Nakajima, J. Rhodes, M. Simet, J. Zuntz, B. Armstrong, S. Bridle, J. Coupon, J. P. Dietrich, M. Gentile, C. Heymans, A. S. Jurling, S. M. Kent, D. Kirkby, D. Margala, R. Massey, P. Melchior, J. Peterson, A. Roodman, and T. Schrabback, “The third gravitational lensing accuracy testing (GREAT3) challenge handbook,” Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser. 212(1), 5 (2014).
[Crossref]

Astron. Astrophys. (3)

S. Paulin-Henriksson, A. Amara, L. Voigt, A. Refregier, and S. L. Bridle, “Point spread function calibration requirements for dark energy from cosmic shear,” Astron. Astrophys. 484(1), 67–77 (2008).
[Crossref]

K. Kuijken, “Shears from shapelets,” Astron. Astrophys. 456(3), 827–838 (2006).
[Crossref]

T. Erben, L. V. Waerbeke, E. Bertin, Y. Mellier, and P. Schneider, “How accurately can we measure weak gravitational shear,” Astron. Astrophys. 366(3), 717–735 (2001).
[Crossref]

Astron. J. (1)

G. M. Bernstein and M. Jarvis, “Shapes and shears, stars and smears: optimal measurements for weak lensing,” Astron. J. 123(2), 583–618 (2002).
[Crossref]

Astrophys. J. (1)

N. Kaiser, G. Squires, and T. Broadhurst, “A method for weak lensing observations,” Astrophys. J. 449, 460–475 (1995).
[Crossref]

Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser. (1)

R. Mandelbaum, B. Rowe, J. Bosch, C. Chang, F. Courbin, M. Gill, M. Jarvis, A. Kannawadi, T. Kacprzak, C. Lackner, A. Leauthaud, H. Miyatake, R. Nakajima, J. Rhodes, M. Simet, J. Zuntz, B. Armstrong, S. Bridle, J. Coupon, J. P. Dietrich, M. Gentile, C. Heymans, A. S. Jurling, S. M. Kent, D. Kirkby, D. Margala, R. Massey, P. Melchior, J. Peterson, A. Roodman, and T. Schrabback, “The third gravitational lensing accuracy testing (GREAT3) challenge handbook,” Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser. 212(1), 5 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (1)

Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. (1)

C. Heymans, L. V. Waerbeke, D. Bacon, J. Berge, G. Bernstein, E. Bertin, S. Bridle, M. L. Brown, D. Clowe, H. Dahle, T. Erben, M. Gray, M. Hetterscheidt, H. Hoekstra, P. Hudelot, M. Jarvis, K. Kuijken, V. Margoniner, R. Massey, Y. Mellier, R. Nakajima, A. Refregier, J. Rhodes, T. Schrabback, and D. Wittman, “The shear testing programme 1: weak lensing analysis of simulated ground-based observations,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 368(3), 1323–1339 (2006).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rep. (1)

M. Bartelmann and P. Schneider, “Weak gravitational lensing,” Phys. Rep. 340(4-5), 291–472 (2001).
[Crossref]

Proc. SPIE (2)

J. Amiaux, J. L. Auguères, O. Boulade, C. Cara, S. Paulin-Henriksson, A. Réfrégier, S. Ronayette, A. Amara, A. Glauser, C. Dumesnil, A. M. Di Giorgio, J. Booth, M. Schweitzer, R. Holmes, M. Cropper, E. Atad-Ettedgui, L. Duvet, and D. Lumb, “Euclid imaging channels: from science to system requirements,” Proc. SPIE 7731, 77311I (2010).
[Crossref]

J. E. Krist, R. N. Hook, and F. Stoehr, “20 years of Hubble Space Telescope optical modeling using Tiny Tim,” Proc. SPIE 8127, 81270J (2011).
[Crossref]

Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. (1)

J. R. Kuhn and S. L. Hawley, “Some astronomical performance advantages of off-axis telescopes,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 111(759), 601–620 (1999).
[Crossref]

Other (2)

J. Christ and R. Hook, The Tiny Tim User’s Guide, Version 6.3, June 2004. http://www.stsci.edu/hst/observatory/documents/TinyTimHandbook.pdf

The Euclid Study Team, “Euclid definition study report,” arXiv:1110.3193 [astro-ph.CO].

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 The optical layout (y-z plane) of the unobscured off-axis telescope
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 The typical PSF (in logarithmic scale) of: (a) an obscured telescope; (b) the unobscured off-axis telescope (maximum normalized to 1)
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 The WFE and ellipticity distribution: (a) WFE map (in wavelength); (b) ellipticity map.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 The interpolation method: (a) sampling grid, (b) interpolation map.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Ellipticity simulation
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Ellipticity time stability

Tables (2)

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Table 1 Ellipticity of different Zernike aberration

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Table 2 Ellipticity and maximum interpolation error of nine fields over the image plane

Equations (4)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

Q i j W = I ( x , y ) x i x j W ( x , y ) d x d y I ( x , y ) W ( x , y ) d x d y
e = Q x x W Q y y W + 2 i Q x y W Q x x W + Q y y W = e 1 + i e 2 , R = Q x x W + Q y y W
x 0 = x I W ( x x 0 ) d x d y I W ( x x 0 ) d x d y , y 0 = y I W ( y y 0 ) d x d y I W ( y y 0 ) d x d y
P S F = | F F T ( P ) | 2 , P = A e ( 2 π i O P D / λ )

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