Abstract

The suitability of a commercially available Fourier transform spectrometer equipped with a fiber-coupled global entrance optic as a reference spectroradiometer for the measurement of spectral solar ultraviolet irradiance at ground level has been investigated. The instrument has been characterized with respect to the wavelength uncertainty, and a calibration of the spectral irradiance responsivity has been performed by using the calculable irradiance of a high temperature black-body radiator and by using a secondary irradiance standard lamp. The relative standard uncertainty of solar irradiance measurements in the wavelength range from 310 nm to 400 nm with this spectroradiometer, based on the described methodology, is 1.6% for solar zenith angles of less than 60°.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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  20. W. Möller, P. Sperfeld, B. Nawo, K. Hube, and J. Metzdorf, “Realization of the spectral irradiance scale in the air UV using thermal radiators,” Metrologia 35(4), 261–265 (1998).
    [Crossref]
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2013 (1)

P. Meindl, C. Monte, and M. Wähmer, “Adaptation of a Fourier transform spectrometer as a reference instrument for solar UV irradiance measurements,” AIP Conf. Proc. 1531, 829–832 (2013).
[Crossref]

2011 (1)

J. Hartmann, K. Anhalt, R. D. Taubert, and J. Hollandt, “Absolute radiometry for the MeP-K: the irradiance measurement method,” Int. J. Thermophys. 32(7-8), 1707–1718 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (1)

J. Hartmann, J. Hollandt, P. Meindl, D. Taubert, and L. Werner, “Traceable radiometric calibration of semiconductor detectors and their application for thermodynamic temperature measurement,” MAPAN-J. Metrol. Soc. I. 25, 3–10 (2010).

2009 (1)

J. A. Stone, J. E. Decker, P. Gill, P. Juncar, A. Lewis, G. D. Rovera, and M. Viliesid, “Advice from the CCL on the use of unstabilized lasers as standards of wavelength: the helium–neon laser at 633 nm,” Metrologia 46(1), 11–18 (2009).
[Crossref]

2006 (1)

J. Gröbner, M. Blumthaler, S. Kazadzis, A. F. Bais, A. Webb, J. Schreder, G. Seckmeyer, and D. Rembges, “Quality assurance of spectral solar UV measurements: results from 25 UV monitoring sites in Europe, 2002 to 2004,” Metrologia 43(2), S66–S71 (2006).
[Crossref]

2005 (2)

2003 (2)

J. Hollandt, R. Friedrich, B. Gutschwager, D. R. Taubert, and J. Hartmann, “High-accuracy radiation thermometry at the National Metrology Institute of Germany, the PTB,” High Temp. High Press. 35–36(4), 379–415 (2003).
[Crossref]

A. F. Bais, M. Blumthaler, J. Gröbner, G. Seckmeyer, A. R. Webb, P. Görts, T. Koskela, D. Rembges, S. Kazadzis, J. Schreder, P. Cotton, P. Kelly, N. Kouremeti, K. Rikkonen, H. Studemund, R. Tax, and S. Wuttke, “Quality assurance of spectral ultraviolet measurements in Europe through the development of a transportable unit (QASUME),” Proc. SPIE 4896, 232–238 (2003).

2000 (1)

K. D. Stock, K.-H. Raatz, P. Sperfeld, T. Kübarsepp, P. Kärhä, E. Ikonen, and L. Liedquist, “Detector stabilized FEL lamps as transfer standards in an international comparison of spectral irradiance,” Metrologia 37(5), 441–444 (2000).
[Crossref]

1998 (1)

W. Möller, P. Sperfeld, B. Nawo, K. Hube, and J. Metzdorf, “Realization of the spectral irradiance scale in the air UV using thermal radiators,” Metrologia 35(4), 261–265 (1998).
[Crossref]

1984 (1)

W. Herres and J. Gronholz, “Understanding FT-IR data processing, part 1-3,” Comp. Appl. Lab. 2, 216 (1984).

Anhalt, K.

J. Hartmann, K. Anhalt, R. D. Taubert, and J. Hollandt, “Absolute radiometry for the MeP-K: the irradiance measurement method,” Int. J. Thermophys. 32(7-8), 1707–1718 (2011).
[Crossref]

Bais, A. F.

J. Gröbner, M. Blumthaler, S. Kazadzis, A. F. Bais, A. Webb, J. Schreder, G. Seckmeyer, and D. Rembges, “Quality assurance of spectral solar UV measurements: results from 25 UV monitoring sites in Europe, 2002 to 2004,” Metrologia 43(2), S66–S71 (2006).
[Crossref]

J. Gröbner, J. Schreder, S. Kazadzis, A. F. Bais, M. Blumthaler, P. Görts, R. Tax, T. Koskela, G. Seckmeyer, A. R. Webb, and D. Rembges, “Traveling reference spectroradiometer for routine quality assurance of spectral solar ultraviolet irradiance measurements,” Appl. Opt. 44(25), 5321–5331 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. F. Bais, M. Blumthaler, J. Gröbner, G. Seckmeyer, A. R. Webb, P. Görts, T. Koskela, D. Rembges, S. Kazadzis, J. Schreder, P. Cotton, P. Kelly, N. Kouremeti, K. Rikkonen, H. Studemund, R. Tax, and S. Wuttke, “Quality assurance of spectral ultraviolet measurements in Europe through the development of a transportable unit (QASUME),” Proc. SPIE 4896, 232–238 (2003).

Blumthaler, M.

J. Gröbner, M. Blumthaler, S. Kazadzis, A. F. Bais, A. Webb, J. Schreder, G. Seckmeyer, and D. Rembges, “Quality assurance of spectral solar UV measurements: results from 25 UV monitoring sites in Europe, 2002 to 2004,” Metrologia 43(2), S66–S71 (2006).
[Crossref]

J. Gröbner, J. Schreder, S. Kazadzis, A. F. Bais, M. Blumthaler, P. Görts, R. Tax, T. Koskela, G. Seckmeyer, A. R. Webb, and D. Rembges, “Traveling reference spectroradiometer for routine quality assurance of spectral solar ultraviolet irradiance measurements,” Appl. Opt. 44(25), 5321–5331 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. F. Bais, M. Blumthaler, J. Gröbner, G. Seckmeyer, A. R. Webb, P. Görts, T. Koskela, D. Rembges, S. Kazadzis, J. Schreder, P. Cotton, P. Kelly, N. Kouremeti, K. Rikkonen, H. Studemund, R. Tax, and S. Wuttke, “Quality assurance of spectral ultraviolet measurements in Europe through the development of a transportable unit (QASUME),” Proc. SPIE 4896, 232–238 (2003).

Cotton, P.

A. F. Bais, M. Blumthaler, J. Gröbner, G. Seckmeyer, A. R. Webb, P. Görts, T. Koskela, D. Rembges, S. Kazadzis, J. Schreder, P. Cotton, P. Kelly, N. Kouremeti, K. Rikkonen, H. Studemund, R. Tax, and S. Wuttke, “Quality assurance of spectral ultraviolet measurements in Europe through the development of a transportable unit (QASUME),” Proc. SPIE 4896, 232–238 (2003).

Decker, J. E.

J. A. Stone, J. E. Decker, P. Gill, P. Juncar, A. Lewis, G. D. Rovera, and M. Viliesid, “Advice from the CCL on the use of unstabilized lasers as standards of wavelength: the helium–neon laser at 633 nm,” Metrologia 46(1), 11–18 (2009).
[Crossref]

Friedrich, R.

J. Hollandt, R. Friedrich, B. Gutschwager, D. R. Taubert, and J. Hartmann, “High-accuracy radiation thermometry at the National Metrology Institute of Germany, the PTB,” High Temp. High Press. 35–36(4), 379–415 (2003).
[Crossref]

Gill, P.

J. A. Stone, J. E. Decker, P. Gill, P. Juncar, A. Lewis, G. D. Rovera, and M. Viliesid, “Advice from the CCL on the use of unstabilized lasers as standards of wavelength: the helium–neon laser at 633 nm,” Metrologia 46(1), 11–18 (2009).
[Crossref]

Görts, P.

J. Gröbner, J. Schreder, S. Kazadzis, A. F. Bais, M. Blumthaler, P. Görts, R. Tax, T. Koskela, G. Seckmeyer, A. R. Webb, and D. Rembges, “Traveling reference spectroradiometer for routine quality assurance of spectral solar ultraviolet irradiance measurements,” Appl. Opt. 44(25), 5321–5331 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. F. Bais, M. Blumthaler, J. Gröbner, G. Seckmeyer, A. R. Webb, P. Görts, T. Koskela, D. Rembges, S. Kazadzis, J. Schreder, P. Cotton, P. Kelly, N. Kouremeti, K. Rikkonen, H. Studemund, R. Tax, and S. Wuttke, “Quality assurance of spectral ultraviolet measurements in Europe through the development of a transportable unit (QASUME),” Proc. SPIE 4896, 232–238 (2003).

Gröbner, J.

J. Gröbner, M. Blumthaler, S. Kazadzis, A. F. Bais, A. Webb, J. Schreder, G. Seckmeyer, and D. Rembges, “Quality assurance of spectral solar UV measurements: results from 25 UV monitoring sites in Europe, 2002 to 2004,” Metrologia 43(2), S66–S71 (2006).
[Crossref]

J. Gröbner and P. Sperfeld, “Direct traceability of the portable QASUME irradiance scale to the primary irradiance standard of the PTB,” Metrologia 42(2), 134–139 (2005).
[Crossref]

J. Gröbner, J. Schreder, S. Kazadzis, A. F. Bais, M. Blumthaler, P. Görts, R. Tax, T. Koskela, G. Seckmeyer, A. R. Webb, and D. Rembges, “Traveling reference spectroradiometer for routine quality assurance of spectral solar ultraviolet irradiance measurements,” Appl. Opt. 44(25), 5321–5331 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. F. Bais, M. Blumthaler, J. Gröbner, G. Seckmeyer, A. R. Webb, P. Görts, T. Koskela, D. Rembges, S. Kazadzis, J. Schreder, P. Cotton, P. Kelly, N. Kouremeti, K. Rikkonen, H. Studemund, R. Tax, and S. Wuttke, “Quality assurance of spectral ultraviolet measurements in Europe through the development of a transportable unit (QASUME),” Proc. SPIE 4896, 232–238 (2003).

Gronholz, J.

W. Herres and J. Gronholz, “Understanding FT-IR data processing, part 1-3,” Comp. Appl. Lab. 2, 216 (1984).

Gutschwager, B.

J. Hollandt, R. Friedrich, B. Gutschwager, D. R. Taubert, and J. Hartmann, “High-accuracy radiation thermometry at the National Metrology Institute of Germany, the PTB,” High Temp. High Press. 35–36(4), 379–415 (2003).
[Crossref]

Hartmann, J.

J. Hartmann, K. Anhalt, R. D. Taubert, and J. Hollandt, “Absolute radiometry for the MeP-K: the irradiance measurement method,” Int. J. Thermophys. 32(7-8), 1707–1718 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. Hartmann, J. Hollandt, P. Meindl, D. Taubert, and L. Werner, “Traceable radiometric calibration of semiconductor detectors and their application for thermodynamic temperature measurement,” MAPAN-J. Metrol. Soc. I. 25, 3–10 (2010).

J. Hollandt, R. Friedrich, B. Gutschwager, D. R. Taubert, and J. Hartmann, “High-accuracy radiation thermometry at the National Metrology Institute of Germany, the PTB,” High Temp. High Press. 35–36(4), 379–415 (2003).
[Crossref]

Herres, W.

W. Herres and J. Gronholz, “Understanding FT-IR data processing, part 1-3,” Comp. Appl. Lab. 2, 216 (1984).

Hollandt, J.

J. Hartmann, K. Anhalt, R. D. Taubert, and J. Hollandt, “Absolute radiometry for the MeP-K: the irradiance measurement method,” Int. J. Thermophys. 32(7-8), 1707–1718 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. Hartmann, J. Hollandt, P. Meindl, D. Taubert, and L. Werner, “Traceable radiometric calibration of semiconductor detectors and their application for thermodynamic temperature measurement,” MAPAN-J. Metrol. Soc. I. 25, 3–10 (2010).

J. Hollandt, R. Friedrich, B. Gutschwager, D. R. Taubert, and J. Hartmann, “High-accuracy radiation thermometry at the National Metrology Institute of Germany, the PTB,” High Temp. High Press. 35–36(4), 379–415 (2003).
[Crossref]

Hube, K.

W. Möller, P. Sperfeld, B. Nawo, K. Hube, and J. Metzdorf, “Realization of the spectral irradiance scale in the air UV using thermal radiators,” Metrologia 35(4), 261–265 (1998).
[Crossref]

Ikonen, E.

K. D. Stock, K.-H. Raatz, P. Sperfeld, T. Kübarsepp, P. Kärhä, E. Ikonen, and L. Liedquist, “Detector stabilized FEL lamps as transfer standards in an international comparison of spectral irradiance,” Metrologia 37(5), 441–444 (2000).
[Crossref]

Juncar, P.

J. A. Stone, J. E. Decker, P. Gill, P. Juncar, A. Lewis, G. D. Rovera, and M. Viliesid, “Advice from the CCL on the use of unstabilized lasers as standards of wavelength: the helium–neon laser at 633 nm,” Metrologia 46(1), 11–18 (2009).
[Crossref]

Kärhä, P.

K. D. Stock, K.-H. Raatz, P. Sperfeld, T. Kübarsepp, P. Kärhä, E. Ikonen, and L. Liedquist, “Detector stabilized FEL lamps as transfer standards in an international comparison of spectral irradiance,” Metrologia 37(5), 441–444 (2000).
[Crossref]

Kazadzis, S.

J. Gröbner, M. Blumthaler, S. Kazadzis, A. F. Bais, A. Webb, J. Schreder, G. Seckmeyer, and D. Rembges, “Quality assurance of spectral solar UV measurements: results from 25 UV monitoring sites in Europe, 2002 to 2004,” Metrologia 43(2), S66–S71 (2006).
[Crossref]

J. Gröbner, J. Schreder, S. Kazadzis, A. F. Bais, M. Blumthaler, P. Görts, R. Tax, T. Koskela, G. Seckmeyer, A. R. Webb, and D. Rembges, “Traveling reference spectroradiometer for routine quality assurance of spectral solar ultraviolet irradiance measurements,” Appl. Opt. 44(25), 5321–5331 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. F. Bais, M. Blumthaler, J. Gröbner, G. Seckmeyer, A. R. Webb, P. Görts, T. Koskela, D. Rembges, S. Kazadzis, J. Schreder, P. Cotton, P. Kelly, N. Kouremeti, K. Rikkonen, H. Studemund, R. Tax, and S. Wuttke, “Quality assurance of spectral ultraviolet measurements in Europe through the development of a transportable unit (QASUME),” Proc. SPIE 4896, 232–238 (2003).

Kelly, P.

A. F. Bais, M. Blumthaler, J. Gröbner, G. Seckmeyer, A. R. Webb, P. Görts, T. Koskela, D. Rembges, S. Kazadzis, J. Schreder, P. Cotton, P. Kelly, N. Kouremeti, K. Rikkonen, H. Studemund, R. Tax, and S. Wuttke, “Quality assurance of spectral ultraviolet measurements in Europe through the development of a transportable unit (QASUME),” Proc. SPIE 4896, 232–238 (2003).

Koskela, T.

J. Gröbner, J. Schreder, S. Kazadzis, A. F. Bais, M. Blumthaler, P. Görts, R. Tax, T. Koskela, G. Seckmeyer, A. R. Webb, and D. Rembges, “Traveling reference spectroradiometer for routine quality assurance of spectral solar ultraviolet irradiance measurements,” Appl. Opt. 44(25), 5321–5331 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. F. Bais, M. Blumthaler, J. Gröbner, G. Seckmeyer, A. R. Webb, P. Görts, T. Koskela, D. Rembges, S. Kazadzis, J. Schreder, P. Cotton, P. Kelly, N. Kouremeti, K. Rikkonen, H. Studemund, R. Tax, and S. Wuttke, “Quality assurance of spectral ultraviolet measurements in Europe through the development of a transportable unit (QASUME),” Proc. SPIE 4896, 232–238 (2003).

Kouremeti, N.

A. F. Bais, M. Blumthaler, J. Gröbner, G. Seckmeyer, A. R. Webb, P. Görts, T. Koskela, D. Rembges, S. Kazadzis, J. Schreder, P. Cotton, P. Kelly, N. Kouremeti, K. Rikkonen, H. Studemund, R. Tax, and S. Wuttke, “Quality assurance of spectral ultraviolet measurements in Europe through the development of a transportable unit (QASUME),” Proc. SPIE 4896, 232–238 (2003).

Kübarsepp, T.

K. D. Stock, K.-H. Raatz, P. Sperfeld, T. Kübarsepp, P. Kärhä, E. Ikonen, and L. Liedquist, “Detector stabilized FEL lamps as transfer standards in an international comparison of spectral irradiance,” Metrologia 37(5), 441–444 (2000).
[Crossref]

Lewis, A.

J. A. Stone, J. E. Decker, P. Gill, P. Juncar, A. Lewis, G. D. Rovera, and M. Viliesid, “Advice from the CCL on the use of unstabilized lasers as standards of wavelength: the helium–neon laser at 633 nm,” Metrologia 46(1), 11–18 (2009).
[Crossref]

Liedquist, L.

K. D. Stock, K.-H. Raatz, P. Sperfeld, T. Kübarsepp, P. Kärhä, E. Ikonen, and L. Liedquist, “Detector stabilized FEL lamps as transfer standards in an international comparison of spectral irradiance,” Metrologia 37(5), 441–444 (2000).
[Crossref]

Meindl, P.

P. Meindl, C. Monte, and M. Wähmer, “Adaptation of a Fourier transform spectrometer as a reference instrument for solar UV irradiance measurements,” AIP Conf. Proc. 1531, 829–832 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Hartmann, J. Hollandt, P. Meindl, D. Taubert, and L. Werner, “Traceable radiometric calibration of semiconductor detectors and their application for thermodynamic temperature measurement,” MAPAN-J. Metrol. Soc. I. 25, 3–10 (2010).

Metzdorf, J.

W. Möller, P. Sperfeld, B. Nawo, K. Hube, and J. Metzdorf, “Realization of the spectral irradiance scale in the air UV using thermal radiators,” Metrologia 35(4), 261–265 (1998).
[Crossref]

Möller, W.

W. Möller, P. Sperfeld, B. Nawo, K. Hube, and J. Metzdorf, “Realization of the spectral irradiance scale in the air UV using thermal radiators,” Metrologia 35(4), 261–265 (1998).
[Crossref]

Monte, C.

P. Meindl, C. Monte, and M. Wähmer, “Adaptation of a Fourier transform spectrometer as a reference instrument for solar UV irradiance measurements,” AIP Conf. Proc. 1531, 829–832 (2013).
[Crossref]

Nawo, B.

W. Möller, P. Sperfeld, B. Nawo, K. Hube, and J. Metzdorf, “Realization of the spectral irradiance scale in the air UV using thermal radiators,” Metrologia 35(4), 261–265 (1998).
[Crossref]

Raatz, K.-H.

K. D. Stock, K.-H. Raatz, P. Sperfeld, T. Kübarsepp, P. Kärhä, E. Ikonen, and L. Liedquist, “Detector stabilized FEL lamps as transfer standards in an international comparison of spectral irradiance,” Metrologia 37(5), 441–444 (2000).
[Crossref]

Rembges, D.

J. Gröbner, M. Blumthaler, S. Kazadzis, A. F. Bais, A. Webb, J. Schreder, G. Seckmeyer, and D. Rembges, “Quality assurance of spectral solar UV measurements: results from 25 UV monitoring sites in Europe, 2002 to 2004,” Metrologia 43(2), S66–S71 (2006).
[Crossref]

J. Gröbner, J. Schreder, S. Kazadzis, A. F. Bais, M. Blumthaler, P. Görts, R. Tax, T. Koskela, G. Seckmeyer, A. R. Webb, and D. Rembges, “Traveling reference spectroradiometer for routine quality assurance of spectral solar ultraviolet irradiance measurements,” Appl. Opt. 44(25), 5321–5331 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. F. Bais, M. Blumthaler, J. Gröbner, G. Seckmeyer, A. R. Webb, P. Görts, T. Koskela, D. Rembges, S. Kazadzis, J. Schreder, P. Cotton, P. Kelly, N. Kouremeti, K. Rikkonen, H. Studemund, R. Tax, and S. Wuttke, “Quality assurance of spectral ultraviolet measurements in Europe through the development of a transportable unit (QASUME),” Proc. SPIE 4896, 232–238 (2003).

Rikkonen, K.

A. F. Bais, M. Blumthaler, J. Gröbner, G. Seckmeyer, A. R. Webb, P. Görts, T. Koskela, D. Rembges, S. Kazadzis, J. Schreder, P. Cotton, P. Kelly, N. Kouremeti, K. Rikkonen, H. Studemund, R. Tax, and S. Wuttke, “Quality assurance of spectral ultraviolet measurements in Europe through the development of a transportable unit (QASUME),” Proc. SPIE 4896, 232–238 (2003).

Rovera, G. D.

J. A. Stone, J. E. Decker, P. Gill, P. Juncar, A. Lewis, G. D. Rovera, and M. Viliesid, “Advice from the CCL on the use of unstabilized lasers as standards of wavelength: the helium–neon laser at 633 nm,” Metrologia 46(1), 11–18 (2009).
[Crossref]

Schreder, J.

J. Gröbner, M. Blumthaler, S. Kazadzis, A. F. Bais, A. Webb, J. Schreder, G. Seckmeyer, and D. Rembges, “Quality assurance of spectral solar UV measurements: results from 25 UV monitoring sites in Europe, 2002 to 2004,” Metrologia 43(2), S66–S71 (2006).
[Crossref]

J. Gröbner, J. Schreder, S. Kazadzis, A. F. Bais, M. Blumthaler, P. Görts, R. Tax, T. Koskela, G. Seckmeyer, A. R. Webb, and D. Rembges, “Traveling reference spectroradiometer for routine quality assurance of spectral solar ultraviolet irradiance measurements,” Appl. Opt. 44(25), 5321–5331 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. F. Bais, M. Blumthaler, J. Gröbner, G. Seckmeyer, A. R. Webb, P. Görts, T. Koskela, D. Rembges, S. Kazadzis, J. Schreder, P. Cotton, P. Kelly, N. Kouremeti, K. Rikkonen, H. Studemund, R. Tax, and S. Wuttke, “Quality assurance of spectral ultraviolet measurements in Europe through the development of a transportable unit (QASUME),” Proc. SPIE 4896, 232–238 (2003).

Seckmeyer, G.

J. Gröbner, M. Blumthaler, S. Kazadzis, A. F. Bais, A. Webb, J. Schreder, G. Seckmeyer, and D. Rembges, “Quality assurance of spectral solar UV measurements: results from 25 UV monitoring sites in Europe, 2002 to 2004,” Metrologia 43(2), S66–S71 (2006).
[Crossref]

J. Gröbner, J. Schreder, S. Kazadzis, A. F. Bais, M. Blumthaler, P. Görts, R. Tax, T. Koskela, G. Seckmeyer, A. R. Webb, and D. Rembges, “Traveling reference spectroradiometer for routine quality assurance of spectral solar ultraviolet irradiance measurements,” Appl. Opt. 44(25), 5321–5331 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. F. Bais, M. Blumthaler, J. Gröbner, G. Seckmeyer, A. R. Webb, P. Görts, T. Koskela, D. Rembges, S. Kazadzis, J. Schreder, P. Cotton, P. Kelly, N. Kouremeti, K. Rikkonen, H. Studemund, R. Tax, and S. Wuttke, “Quality assurance of spectral ultraviolet measurements in Europe through the development of a transportable unit (QASUME),” Proc. SPIE 4896, 232–238 (2003).

Sperfeld, P.

J. Gröbner and P. Sperfeld, “Direct traceability of the portable QASUME irradiance scale to the primary irradiance standard of the PTB,” Metrologia 42(2), 134–139 (2005).
[Crossref]

K. D. Stock, K.-H. Raatz, P. Sperfeld, T. Kübarsepp, P. Kärhä, E. Ikonen, and L. Liedquist, “Detector stabilized FEL lamps as transfer standards in an international comparison of spectral irradiance,” Metrologia 37(5), 441–444 (2000).
[Crossref]

W. Möller, P. Sperfeld, B. Nawo, K. Hube, and J. Metzdorf, “Realization of the spectral irradiance scale in the air UV using thermal radiators,” Metrologia 35(4), 261–265 (1998).
[Crossref]

Stock, K. D.

K. D. Stock, K.-H. Raatz, P. Sperfeld, T. Kübarsepp, P. Kärhä, E. Ikonen, and L. Liedquist, “Detector stabilized FEL lamps as transfer standards in an international comparison of spectral irradiance,” Metrologia 37(5), 441–444 (2000).
[Crossref]

Stone, J. A.

J. A. Stone, J. E. Decker, P. Gill, P. Juncar, A. Lewis, G. D. Rovera, and M. Viliesid, “Advice from the CCL on the use of unstabilized lasers as standards of wavelength: the helium–neon laser at 633 nm,” Metrologia 46(1), 11–18 (2009).
[Crossref]

Studemund, H.

A. F. Bais, M. Blumthaler, J. Gröbner, G. Seckmeyer, A. R. Webb, P. Görts, T. Koskela, D. Rembges, S. Kazadzis, J. Schreder, P. Cotton, P. Kelly, N. Kouremeti, K. Rikkonen, H. Studemund, R. Tax, and S. Wuttke, “Quality assurance of spectral ultraviolet measurements in Europe through the development of a transportable unit (QASUME),” Proc. SPIE 4896, 232–238 (2003).

Taubert, D.

J. Hartmann, J. Hollandt, P. Meindl, D. Taubert, and L. Werner, “Traceable radiometric calibration of semiconductor detectors and their application for thermodynamic temperature measurement,” MAPAN-J. Metrol. Soc. I. 25, 3–10 (2010).

Taubert, D. R.

J. Hollandt, R. Friedrich, B. Gutschwager, D. R. Taubert, and J. Hartmann, “High-accuracy radiation thermometry at the National Metrology Institute of Germany, the PTB,” High Temp. High Press. 35–36(4), 379–415 (2003).
[Crossref]

Taubert, R. D.

J. Hartmann, K. Anhalt, R. D. Taubert, and J. Hollandt, “Absolute radiometry for the MeP-K: the irradiance measurement method,” Int. J. Thermophys. 32(7-8), 1707–1718 (2011).
[Crossref]

Tax, R.

J. Gröbner, J. Schreder, S. Kazadzis, A. F. Bais, M. Blumthaler, P. Görts, R. Tax, T. Koskela, G. Seckmeyer, A. R. Webb, and D. Rembges, “Traveling reference spectroradiometer for routine quality assurance of spectral solar ultraviolet irradiance measurements,” Appl. Opt. 44(25), 5321–5331 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. F. Bais, M. Blumthaler, J. Gröbner, G. Seckmeyer, A. R. Webb, P. Görts, T. Koskela, D. Rembges, S. Kazadzis, J. Schreder, P. Cotton, P. Kelly, N. Kouremeti, K. Rikkonen, H. Studemund, R. Tax, and S. Wuttke, “Quality assurance of spectral ultraviolet measurements in Europe through the development of a transportable unit (QASUME),” Proc. SPIE 4896, 232–238 (2003).

Viliesid, M.

J. A. Stone, J. E. Decker, P. Gill, P. Juncar, A. Lewis, G. D. Rovera, and M. Viliesid, “Advice from the CCL on the use of unstabilized lasers as standards of wavelength: the helium–neon laser at 633 nm,” Metrologia 46(1), 11–18 (2009).
[Crossref]

Wähmer, M.

P. Meindl, C. Monte, and M. Wähmer, “Adaptation of a Fourier transform spectrometer as a reference instrument for solar UV irradiance measurements,” AIP Conf. Proc. 1531, 829–832 (2013).
[Crossref]

Webb, A.

J. Gröbner, M. Blumthaler, S. Kazadzis, A. F. Bais, A. Webb, J. Schreder, G. Seckmeyer, and D. Rembges, “Quality assurance of spectral solar UV measurements: results from 25 UV monitoring sites in Europe, 2002 to 2004,” Metrologia 43(2), S66–S71 (2006).
[Crossref]

Webb, A. R.

J. Gröbner, J. Schreder, S. Kazadzis, A. F. Bais, M. Blumthaler, P. Görts, R. Tax, T. Koskela, G. Seckmeyer, A. R. Webb, and D. Rembges, “Traveling reference spectroradiometer for routine quality assurance of spectral solar ultraviolet irradiance measurements,” Appl. Opt. 44(25), 5321–5331 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. F. Bais, M. Blumthaler, J. Gröbner, G. Seckmeyer, A. R. Webb, P. Görts, T. Koskela, D. Rembges, S. Kazadzis, J. Schreder, P. Cotton, P. Kelly, N. Kouremeti, K. Rikkonen, H. Studemund, R. Tax, and S. Wuttke, “Quality assurance of spectral ultraviolet measurements in Europe through the development of a transportable unit (QASUME),” Proc. SPIE 4896, 232–238 (2003).

Werner, L.

J. Hartmann, J. Hollandt, P. Meindl, D. Taubert, and L. Werner, “Traceable radiometric calibration of semiconductor detectors and their application for thermodynamic temperature measurement,” MAPAN-J. Metrol. Soc. I. 25, 3–10 (2010).

Wuttke, S.

A. F. Bais, M. Blumthaler, J. Gröbner, G. Seckmeyer, A. R. Webb, P. Görts, T. Koskela, D. Rembges, S. Kazadzis, J. Schreder, P. Cotton, P. Kelly, N. Kouremeti, K. Rikkonen, H. Studemund, R. Tax, and S. Wuttke, “Quality assurance of spectral ultraviolet measurements in Europe through the development of a transportable unit (QASUME),” Proc. SPIE 4896, 232–238 (2003).

AIP Conf. Proc. (1)

P. Meindl, C. Monte, and M. Wähmer, “Adaptation of a Fourier transform spectrometer as a reference instrument for solar UV irradiance measurements,” AIP Conf. Proc. 1531, 829–832 (2013).
[Crossref]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Comp. Appl. Lab. (1)

W. Herres and J. Gronholz, “Understanding FT-IR data processing, part 1-3,” Comp. Appl. Lab. 2, 216 (1984).

High Temp. High Press. (1)

J. Hollandt, R. Friedrich, B. Gutschwager, D. R. Taubert, and J. Hartmann, “High-accuracy radiation thermometry at the National Metrology Institute of Germany, the PTB,” High Temp. High Press. 35–36(4), 379–415 (2003).
[Crossref]

Int. J. Thermophys. (1)

J. Hartmann, K. Anhalt, R. D. Taubert, and J. Hollandt, “Absolute radiometry for the MeP-K: the irradiance measurement method,” Int. J. Thermophys. 32(7-8), 1707–1718 (2011).
[Crossref]

MAPAN-J. Metrol. Soc. I. (1)

J. Hartmann, J. Hollandt, P. Meindl, D. Taubert, and L. Werner, “Traceable radiometric calibration of semiconductor detectors and their application for thermodynamic temperature measurement,” MAPAN-J. Metrol. Soc. I. 25, 3–10 (2010).

Metrologia (5)

J. Gröbner, M. Blumthaler, S. Kazadzis, A. F. Bais, A. Webb, J. Schreder, G. Seckmeyer, and D. Rembges, “Quality assurance of spectral solar UV measurements: results from 25 UV monitoring sites in Europe, 2002 to 2004,” Metrologia 43(2), S66–S71 (2006).
[Crossref]

J. A. Stone, J. E. Decker, P. Gill, P. Juncar, A. Lewis, G. D. Rovera, and M. Viliesid, “Advice from the CCL on the use of unstabilized lasers as standards of wavelength: the helium–neon laser at 633 nm,” Metrologia 46(1), 11–18 (2009).
[Crossref]

K. D. Stock, K.-H. Raatz, P. Sperfeld, T. Kübarsepp, P. Kärhä, E. Ikonen, and L. Liedquist, “Detector stabilized FEL lamps as transfer standards in an international comparison of spectral irradiance,” Metrologia 37(5), 441–444 (2000).
[Crossref]

W. Möller, P. Sperfeld, B. Nawo, K. Hube, and J. Metzdorf, “Realization of the spectral irradiance scale in the air UV using thermal radiators,” Metrologia 35(4), 261–265 (1998).
[Crossref]

J. Gröbner and P. Sperfeld, “Direct traceability of the portable QASUME irradiance scale to the primary irradiance standard of the PTB,” Metrologia 42(2), 134–139 (2005).
[Crossref]

Proc. SPIE (1)

A. F. Bais, M. Blumthaler, J. Gröbner, G. Seckmeyer, A. R. Webb, P. Görts, T. Koskela, D. Rembges, S. Kazadzis, J. Schreder, P. Cotton, P. Kelly, N. Kouremeti, K. Rikkonen, H. Studemund, R. Tax, and S. Wuttke, “Quality assurance of spectral ultraviolet measurements in Europe through the development of a transportable unit (QASUME),” Proc. SPIE 4896, 232–238 (2003).

Other (9)

http://www.bipm.org/en/publications/mep.html

P. R. Griffith and J. A. de Haseth, Fourier Transform Infrared Spectrometry (John Wiley, 2007).

Ultraviolet Spectroradiometry in the Network for the Detection of Atmospheric Composition Change (NDACC), http://www.ndsc.ncep.noaa.gov/organize/protocols/appendix6 .

A. R. Webb, B. G. Gardiner, T. J. Martin, K. Leszcynski, J. Metzdorf, and V. A. Mohnen, “Guidelines for site quality control of UV monitoring,” WMO GAW Rep. 126 (World Meteorological Organization, 2000).

A. R. Webb, B. G. Gardiner, K. Leszcynski, V. A. Mohnen, P. Johnston, N. Harrison, and D. Bigelow, “Quality assurance in monitoring solar ultraviolet radiation: the state of the art,” WMO GAW Rep. 146 (World Meteorological Organization, 2003).

http://projects.pmodwrc.ch/env03/index.php/project

S. P. Davis, M. C. Abrams, and J. W. Brault, Fourier Transform Spectrometry (Academic, 2001).

Solar spectral atlases obtained with the Fourier transform spectrometer at the McMath/Pierce Solar Telescope situated on Kitt Peak, Arizona, USA, operated by the National Solar Observatory, NOAO, http://nsokp.nso.edu/dataarch.html .

96th Meeting of the CIPM (International Committee for Weights and Measures), Recommendation 2 (CI-2007): “On the value and uncertainty of unstabilised He-Ne lasers”.

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Schematic view of the realized spectral irradiance responsivity calibrations of the Fourier transform spectroradiometer. Left: calibration against a high temperature black-body radiator as a calculable spectral irradiance source which is traceable to the ITS90 gold fixed-point temperature; right: calibration against a secondary spectral irradiance standard which is traceable to the national spectral irradiance standard of the PTB.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Sketch of the spectral irradiance calibration of the Fourier transform spectroradiometer in front of the black-body radiator BB3200pg.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Spectral irradiance responsivities of the FTS measured with the black-body radiator BB3200pg for different types of detectors and filters.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Relevant uncertainty contributions to the standard uncertainty of the spectral irradiance responsivity measurement when using the black-body radiator BB3200pg at a temperature of 3010 K for the FTS with photomultiplier tube and spectral filter UG5.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Standard uncertainty of the spectral irradiance responsivity measurement when using a secondary irradiance standard tungsten halogen lamp for the FTS with photomultiplier tube and spectral filter UG5.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Relative standard uncertainties for spectral solar UV irradiance measurements (FTS with photomultiplier tube and spectral filter UG5; measurements averaged over 12 minutes; spectral resolution reduced to the resolution of QASUME as reported in [6]; solar zenith angle less than 60°)

Tables (4)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Standard uncertainty of the calibration of the spectral irradiance responsivity of the FTS with photomultiplier tube and spectral filter UG5 performed in front of a black-body radiator at a temperature of 3010 K. Interferograms have been averaged over a duration of 20 min.

Tables Icon

Table 2 Relative standard uncertainties of spectral irradiance responsivity measurements when using the black-body radiator BB3200pg for the FTS with different types of detectors.

Tables Icon

Table 3 Standard uncertainties of spectral irradiance responsivity measurements when using a secondary irradiance standard tungsten halogen lamp for the FTS with photomultiplier tube and spectral filter UG5.

Tables Icon

Table 4 Uncertainty budget for spectral solar UV irradiance measurement when using the FTS with photomultiplier tube and spectral filter UG5. Measurements performed in Berlin on 03-Apr-2014, 10:30 UTC and averaged over 12 minutes. Spectral resolution reduced to the resolution of QASUME as reported in [6]. Solar zenith angle less than 60°.

Equations (5)

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L λ ( λ , T ) = ε ( λ ) 2 h c 0 2 n 2 λ 5 1 exp ( h c 0 n λ k T ) 1
E λ ( λ , T ) = L λ ( λ , T ) G
G = 2 π r 1 2 r 1 2 + r 2 2 + d 2 + ( r 1 2 + r 2 2 + d 2 ) 2 4 r 1 2 r 2 2
s E ( λ ) = I F T S E λ ( λ , T ) = I F T S n 2 λ 5 [ exp ( h c 0 n λ k T ) 1 ] [ ( r 1 2 + r 2 2 + d 2 ) + ( r 1 2 + r 2 2 + d 2 ) 2 4 r 1 2 r 2 2 ] 4 π r 1 2 ε ( λ ) h c 0 2
u ( s E ) = u A 2 + u T 2 + u λ 2 + u r 1 2 + u r 2 2 + u d 2 = u A 2 + ( u ( T ) s E T ) 2 + ( u ( λ ) s E λ ) 2 + ( u ( r 1 ) s E r 1 ) 2 + ( u ( r 2 ) s E r 2 ) 2 + ( u ( d ) s E d ) 2

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