Abstract

In this paper, surface plasmon polariton (SPP) modes on silver nanowire (AgNW), with different field symmetric, are studied by different near field methods, respectively. In the experiment, the excitation and detection of SPPs are performed by two probes of near field scanning optical microscope (NSOM) simultaneously, which realizes the study of SPPs in complete near field. By controlling the experimental conditions, two of the fundamental SPP modes are detected separately and their intensity distributions on AgNW are given by the NSOM images. In the discussion, creeping wave (CW) is introduced to analyze the experimental results, which improves the coincidence of the experimental results and the theoretical calculations. A detailed characterization of SPPs modes in near field, which gives a further insight into optical properties of AgNW, will benefit integrated optical circuits.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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2013 (3)

X. Guo, Y. Ma, Y. Wang, and L. Tong, “Nanowire plasmonic waveguides, circuits and devices,” Laser Photon. Rev. 7, 855–881 (2013).
[Crossref]

X. Xiong, C.-L. Zou, X.-F. Ren, A.-P. Liu, Y.-X. Ye, F.-W. Sun, and G.-C. Guo, “Silver nanowires for photonics applications,” Laser Photon. Rev. 7, 901–919 (2013).
[Crossref]

H. Wei, S. Zhang, X. Tian, and H. Xu, “Highly tunable propagating surface plasmons on supported silver nanowires,” PNAS 110, 4494–4499 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2012 (3)

Y. Wang, Y. Ma, X. Guo, and L. Tong, “Single-mode plasmonic waveguiding properties of metal nanowires with dielectric substrates,” Opt. Express 20, 19006–19015 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Liu, Z. Li, and H. Xu, “Polarization-dependent study on propagating surface plasmons in silver nanowires launched by a near-field scanning optical fiber tip,” Small 8, 2641–2646 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Paul, D. Solis, K. Bao, W.-S. Chang, S. Nauert, L. Vidgerman, E. R. Zubarev, P. Nordlander, and S. Link, “Identification of higher order long-propagation-length surface plasmon polariton modes in chemically prepared gold nanowires,” ACS Nano 6, 8105–8113 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2011 (5)

Z. Fang, L. Fan, C. Lin, D. Zhang, A. J. Meixner, and X. Zhu, “Plasmonic coupling of bow tie antennas with Ag nanowire,” Nano Lett. 11, 1676–1680 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Chen, Y. Luo, J. Zhang, K. Jiang, J. B. Pendry, and S. Zhang, “Macroscopic invisibility cloaking of visible light,” Nat. Commun. 2, 176 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Ren, A. Liu, C. Zou, L. Wang, Y. Cai, F. Sun, G. Guo, and G. Guo, “Interference of surface plasmon polaritons from a “point” source,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 201113 (2011).
[Crossref]

S. Zhang, H. Wei, K. Bao, U. Håkanson, N. J. Halas, P. Nordlander, and H. Xu, “Chiral surface plasmon polaritons on metallic nanowires,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 096801 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Wei, Z. Wang, X. Tian, M. Käll, and H. Xu, “Cascaded logic gates in nanophotonic plasmon networks,” Nat. Commun. 2, 387 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2010 (6)

Z. Fand, Y. Lu, L. Fan, C. Lin, and X. Zhu, “Surface plasmon polariton enhancement in silver nanowire-nanoatenna structure,” Plasmonics 5, 57–62 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. Dorfmülle, R. Vogelgesang, W. Khunsin, C. Rockstuhl, C. Etrich, and K. Kern, “Plasmonic nanowire antennas: experiment, simulation, and theory,” Nano Lett. 10, 3596–3603 (2010).
[Crossref]

K. Wang, E. Schonbrun, P. Steinvurzel, and K. B. Crozier, “Scannable plasmonic trapping using a gold stripe,” Nano Lett. 10, 3506–3511 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. F. Ma and T. J. Cui, “Three-dimensional broadband ground-plane cloak made of metamaterials,” Nat. Commun. 1, 21 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Solis, W.-S. Chang, B. P. Khanal, K. Bao, P. Nordlander, E. R. Zubarev, and S. Link, “Bleach-imaged plasmon propagation (BlIPP) in single gold nanowires,” Nano Lett. 10, 3482–3485 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. L. Zou, F. W. Sun, Y. F. Xiao, C. H. Dong, X. D. Chen, J. M. Cui, Q. Gong, Z. F. Han, and G. C. Guo, “Plasmon modes of silver nanowire on a silica substrate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 183102 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (5)

C.-H. Dong, X.-F. Ren, R. Yang, J.-Y. Duan, J.-G. Guan, G.-C. Guo, and G.-P. Guo, “Coupling of light from an optical fiber taper into silver nanowires,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 221109 (2009).
[Crossref]

R. Kolesov, B. Grotz, G. Balasubramanian, R. J. Stöhr, A. A. L. Nicolet, P. R. Hemmer, F. Jelezko, and J. Wrachtrup, “Wave-particle duality of single surface plasmon polaritons,” Nat. Phys. 5, 470–474 (2009).
[Crossref]

A. L. Falk, F. H. L. Koppens, C. L. Yu, K. Kang, N. de Leon Snapp, A. V. Akimov, M.-H. Jo, M. D. Lukin, and H. Park, “Near-field electrical detection of optical plasmons and single-plasmon sources,” Nat. Phys. 5, 475–479 (2009).
[Crossref]

X. Y. Yang, H. T. Liu, and P. Lalanne, “Cross conversion between surface plasmon polaritons and quasicylindrical waves,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 153903 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Dallapiccola, C. Dubois, A. Gopinath, F. Stellacci, and L. Dal Negro, “Near-field excitation and near-field detection of propagating surface plasmon polaritons on Au waveguide structures,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 243118 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (2)

H. Liu and P. Lalanne, “Microscopic theory of the extraordinary optical transmission,” Nature 452, 728–731 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. L. Pyayt, B. Wiley, Y. Xia, A. Chen, and L. Dalton, “Integration of photonic and silver nanowire plasmonic waveguides,” Nat. Nanotech. 3, 660–665 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (1)

A. V. Akimov, A. Mukherjee, C. L. Yu, D. E. Chang, A. S. Zibrov, P. R. Hemmer, H. Park, and M. D. Lukin, “Generation of single optical plasmons in metallic nanowires coupled to quantum dots,” Nature 450, 402–406 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2006 (3)

A. W. Sanders, D. A. Routenberg, B. J. Wiley, Y. Xia, E. R. Dufresne, and M. A. Reed, “Observation of plasmon propagation, redirection, and Fan-out in silver nanowires,” Nano Lett. 6, 1822–1826 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Gay, O. Alloschery, B. Viaris de Lesegno, C. O’Dwyer, J. Weiner, and H. J. Lezec, “The optical response of nanostructured surfaces and the composite diffracted evanescent wave model,” Nat. Phys. 2, 262–267 (2006).
[Crossref]

P. Lalanne and J. P. Hugonin, “Interaction between optical nano-objects at metallo-dielectric interfaces,” Nat. Phys. 2, 551–556 (2006).
[Crossref]

2005 (2)

H. Ditlbacher, A. Hohenau, D. Wagner, U. Kreibig, M. Rogers, F. Hofer, F. R. Aussenegg, and J. R. Krenn, “Silver nanowires as surface plasmon resonators,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 257403 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Fang, H. Lee, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, “Sub-diffraction-limited optical imaging with a silver superlens,” Science 308, 534–537 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2002 (2)

Y. Sun and Y. Xia, “Large-scale synthesis of uniform silver nanowires through a soft, self-seeding, polyol process,” Adv. Mater. 14, 833–837 (2002).
[Crossref]

Y. Yin, Y. Lu, Y. Sun, and Y. Xia, “Silver nanowires can be directly coated with amorphous silica to generate well-controlled coaxial nanocables of silver/silica,” Nano Lett. 2, 427–430 (2002).
[Crossref]

1998 (1)

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, “Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays,” Nature 391, 667–669 (1998).
[Crossref]

1997 (1)

Akimov, A. V.

A. L. Falk, F. H. L. Koppens, C. L. Yu, K. Kang, N. de Leon Snapp, A. V. Akimov, M.-H. Jo, M. D. Lukin, and H. Park, “Near-field electrical detection of optical plasmons and single-plasmon sources,” Nat. Phys. 5, 475–479 (2009).
[Crossref]

A. V. Akimov, A. Mukherjee, C. L. Yu, D. E. Chang, A. S. Zibrov, P. R. Hemmer, H. Park, and M. D. Lukin, “Generation of single optical plasmons in metallic nanowires coupled to quantum dots,” Nature 450, 402–406 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Alloschery, O.

G. Gay, O. Alloschery, B. Viaris de Lesegno, C. O’Dwyer, J. Weiner, and H. J. Lezec, “The optical response of nanostructured surfaces and the composite diffracted evanescent wave model,” Nat. Phys. 2, 262–267 (2006).
[Crossref]

Aussenegg, F. R.

H. Ditlbacher, A. Hohenau, D. Wagner, U. Kreibig, M. Rogers, F. Hofer, F. R. Aussenegg, and J. R. Krenn, “Silver nanowires as surface plasmon resonators,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 257403 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Balasubramanian, G.

R. Kolesov, B. Grotz, G. Balasubramanian, R. J. Stöhr, A. A. L. Nicolet, P. R. Hemmer, F. Jelezko, and J. Wrachtrup, “Wave-particle duality of single surface plasmon polaritons,” Nat. Phys. 5, 470–474 (2009).
[Crossref]

Bao, K.

A. Paul, D. Solis, K. Bao, W.-S. Chang, S. Nauert, L. Vidgerman, E. R. Zubarev, P. Nordlander, and S. Link, “Identification of higher order long-propagation-length surface plasmon polariton modes in chemically prepared gold nanowires,” ACS Nano 6, 8105–8113 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Zhang, H. Wei, K. Bao, U. Håkanson, N. J. Halas, P. Nordlander, and H. Xu, “Chiral surface plasmon polaritons on metallic nanowires,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 096801 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Solis, W.-S. Chang, B. P. Khanal, K. Bao, P. Nordlander, E. R. Zubarev, and S. Link, “Bleach-imaged plasmon propagation (BlIPP) in single gold nanowires,” Nano Lett. 10, 3482–3485 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cai, Y.

X. Ren, A. Liu, C. Zou, L. Wang, Y. Cai, F. Sun, G. Guo, and G. Guo, “Interference of surface plasmon polaritons from a “point” source,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 201113 (2011).
[Crossref]

Chang, D. E.

A. V. Akimov, A. Mukherjee, C. L. Yu, D. E. Chang, A. S. Zibrov, P. R. Hemmer, H. Park, and M. D. Lukin, “Generation of single optical plasmons in metallic nanowires coupled to quantum dots,” Nature 450, 402–406 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chang, W.-S.

A. Paul, D. Solis, K. Bao, W.-S. Chang, S. Nauert, L. Vidgerman, E. R. Zubarev, P. Nordlander, and S. Link, “Identification of higher order long-propagation-length surface plasmon polariton modes in chemically prepared gold nanowires,” ACS Nano 6, 8105–8113 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Solis, W.-S. Chang, B. P. Khanal, K. Bao, P. Nordlander, E. R. Zubarev, and S. Link, “Bleach-imaged plasmon propagation (BlIPP) in single gold nanowires,” Nano Lett. 10, 3482–3485 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, A.

A. L. Pyayt, B. Wiley, Y. Xia, A. Chen, and L. Dalton, “Integration of photonic and silver nanowire plasmonic waveguides,” Nat. Nanotech. 3, 660–665 (2008).
[Crossref]

Chen, X.

X. Chen, Y. Luo, J. Zhang, K. Jiang, J. B. Pendry, and S. Zhang, “Macroscopic invisibility cloaking of visible light,” Nat. Commun. 2, 176 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, X. D.

C. L. Zou, F. W. Sun, Y. F. Xiao, C. H. Dong, X. D. Chen, J. M. Cui, Q. Gong, Z. F. Han, and G. C. Guo, “Plasmon modes of silver nanowire on a silica substrate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 183102 (2010).
[Crossref]

Crozier, K. B.

K. Wang, E. Schonbrun, P. Steinvurzel, and K. B. Crozier, “Scannable plasmonic trapping using a gold stripe,” Nano Lett. 10, 3506–3511 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cui, J. M.

C. L. Zou, F. W. Sun, Y. F. Xiao, C. H. Dong, X. D. Chen, J. M. Cui, Q. Gong, Z. F. Han, and G. C. Guo, “Plasmon modes of silver nanowire on a silica substrate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 183102 (2010).
[Crossref]

Cui, T. J.

H. F. Ma and T. J. Cui, “Three-dimensional broadband ground-plane cloak made of metamaterials,” Nat. Commun. 1, 21 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dal Negro, L.

R. Dallapiccola, C. Dubois, A. Gopinath, F. Stellacci, and L. Dal Negro, “Near-field excitation and near-field detection of propagating surface plasmon polaritons on Au waveguide structures,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 243118 (2009).
[Crossref]

Dallapiccola, R.

R. Dallapiccola, C. Dubois, A. Gopinath, F. Stellacci, and L. Dal Negro, “Near-field excitation and near-field detection of propagating surface plasmon polaritons on Au waveguide structures,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 243118 (2009).
[Crossref]

Dalton, L.

A. L. Pyayt, B. Wiley, Y. Xia, A. Chen, and L. Dalton, “Integration of photonic and silver nanowire plasmonic waveguides,” Nat. Nanotech. 3, 660–665 (2008).
[Crossref]

de Leon Snapp, N.

A. L. Falk, F. H. L. Koppens, C. L. Yu, K. Kang, N. de Leon Snapp, A. V. Akimov, M.-H. Jo, M. D. Lukin, and H. Park, “Near-field electrical detection of optical plasmons and single-plasmon sources,” Nat. Phys. 5, 475–479 (2009).
[Crossref]

Ditlbacher, H.

H. Ditlbacher, A. Hohenau, D. Wagner, U. Kreibig, M. Rogers, F. Hofer, F. R. Aussenegg, and J. R. Krenn, “Silver nanowires as surface plasmon resonators,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 257403 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dong, C. H.

C. L. Zou, F. W. Sun, Y. F. Xiao, C. H. Dong, X. D. Chen, J. M. Cui, Q. Gong, Z. F. Han, and G. C. Guo, “Plasmon modes of silver nanowire on a silica substrate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 183102 (2010).
[Crossref]

Dong, C.-H.

C.-H. Dong, X.-F. Ren, R. Yang, J.-Y. Duan, J.-G. Guan, G.-C. Guo, and G.-P. Guo, “Coupling of light from an optical fiber taper into silver nanowires,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 221109 (2009).
[Crossref]

Dorfmülle, J.

J. Dorfmülle, R. Vogelgesang, W. Khunsin, C. Rockstuhl, C. Etrich, and K. Kern, “Plasmonic nanowire antennas: experiment, simulation, and theory,” Nano Lett. 10, 3596–3603 (2010).
[Crossref]

Duan, J.-Y.

C.-H. Dong, X.-F. Ren, R. Yang, J.-Y. Duan, J.-G. Guan, G.-C. Guo, and G.-P. Guo, “Coupling of light from an optical fiber taper into silver nanowires,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 221109 (2009).
[Crossref]

Dubois, C.

R. Dallapiccola, C. Dubois, A. Gopinath, F. Stellacci, and L. Dal Negro, “Near-field excitation and near-field detection of propagating surface plasmon polaritons on Au waveguide structures,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 243118 (2009).
[Crossref]

Dufresne, E. R.

A. W. Sanders, D. A. Routenberg, B. J. Wiley, Y. Xia, E. R. Dufresne, and M. A. Reed, “Observation of plasmon propagation, redirection, and Fan-out in silver nanowires,” Nano Lett. 6, 1822–1826 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ebbesen, T. W.

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, “Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays,” Nature 391, 667–669 (1998).
[Crossref]

Etrich, C.

J. Dorfmülle, R. Vogelgesang, W. Khunsin, C. Rockstuhl, C. Etrich, and K. Kern, “Plasmonic nanowire antennas: experiment, simulation, and theory,” Nano Lett. 10, 3596–3603 (2010).
[Crossref]

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Z. Fang, L. Fan, C. Lin, D. Zhang, A. J. Meixner, and X. Zhu, “Plasmonic coupling of bow tie antennas with Ag nanowire,” Nano Lett. 11, 1676–1680 (2011).
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Z. Fand, Y. Lu, L. Fan, C. Lin, and X. Zhu, “Surface plasmon polariton enhancement in silver nanowire-nanoatenna structure,” Plasmonics 5, 57–62 (2010).
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Z. Fand, Y. Lu, L. Fan, C. Lin, and X. Zhu, “Surface plasmon polariton enhancement in silver nanowire-nanoatenna structure,” Plasmonics 5, 57–62 (2010).
[Crossref]

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N. Fang, H. Lee, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, “Sub-diffraction-limited optical imaging with a silver superlens,” Science 308, 534–537 (2005).
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Z. Fang, L. Fan, C. Lin, D. Zhang, A. J. Meixner, and X. Zhu, “Plasmonic coupling of bow tie antennas with Ag nanowire,” Nano Lett. 11, 1676–1680 (2011).
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T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, “Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays,” Nature 391, 667–669 (1998).
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X. Ren, A. Liu, C. Zou, L. Wang, Y. Cai, F. Sun, G. Guo, and G. Guo, “Interference of surface plasmon polaritons from a “point” source,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 201113 (2011).
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X. Ren, A. Liu, C. Zou, L. Wang, Y. Cai, F. Sun, G. Guo, and G. Guo, “Interference of surface plasmon polaritons from a “point” source,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 201113 (2011).
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C. L. Zou, F. W. Sun, Y. F. Xiao, C. H. Dong, X. D. Chen, J. M. Cui, Q. Gong, Z. F. Han, and G. C. Guo, “Plasmon modes of silver nanowire on a silica substrate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 183102 (2010).
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X. Xiong, C.-L. Zou, X.-F. Ren, A.-P. Liu, Y.-X. Ye, F.-W. Sun, and G.-C. Guo, “Silver nanowires for photonics applications,” Laser Photon. Rev. 7, 901–919 (2013).
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C.-H. Dong, X.-F. Ren, R. Yang, J.-Y. Duan, J.-G. Guan, G.-C. Guo, and G.-P. Guo, “Coupling of light from an optical fiber taper into silver nanowires,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 221109 (2009).
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X. Guo, Y. Ma, Y. Wang, and L. Tong, “Nanowire plasmonic waveguides, circuits and devices,” Laser Photon. Rev. 7, 855–881 (2013).
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Y. Wang, Y. Ma, X. Guo, and L. Tong, “Single-mode plasmonic waveguiding properties of metal nanowires with dielectric substrates,” Opt. Express 20, 19006–19015 (2012).
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S. Zhang, H. Wei, K. Bao, U. Håkanson, N. J. Halas, P. Nordlander, and H. Xu, “Chiral surface plasmon polaritons on metallic nanowires,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 096801 (2011).
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S. Zhang, H. Wei, K. Bao, U. Håkanson, N. J. Halas, P. Nordlander, and H. Xu, “Chiral surface plasmon polaritons on metallic nanowires,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 096801 (2011).
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C. L. Zou, F. W. Sun, Y. F. Xiao, C. H. Dong, X. D. Chen, J. M. Cui, Q. Gong, Z. F. Han, and G. C. Guo, “Plasmon modes of silver nanowire on a silica substrate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 183102 (2010).
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R. Kolesov, B. Grotz, G. Balasubramanian, R. J. Stöhr, A. A. L. Nicolet, P. R. Hemmer, F. Jelezko, and J. Wrachtrup, “Wave-particle duality of single surface plasmon polaritons,” Nat. Phys. 5, 470–474 (2009).
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A. L. Falk, F. H. L. Koppens, C. L. Yu, K. Kang, N. de Leon Snapp, A. V. Akimov, M.-H. Jo, M. D. Lukin, and H. Park, “Near-field electrical detection of optical plasmons and single-plasmon sources,” Nat. Phys. 5, 475–479 (2009).
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H. Wei, Z. Wang, X. Tian, M. Käll, and H. Xu, “Cascaded logic gates in nanophotonic plasmon networks,” Nat. Commun. 2, 387 (2011).
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J. Dorfmülle, R. Vogelgesang, W. Khunsin, C. Rockstuhl, C. Etrich, and K. Kern, “Plasmonic nanowire antennas: experiment, simulation, and theory,” Nano Lett. 10, 3596–3603 (2010).
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D. Solis, W.-S. Chang, B. P. Khanal, K. Bao, P. Nordlander, E. R. Zubarev, and S. Link, “Bleach-imaged plasmon propagation (BlIPP) in single gold nanowires,” Nano Lett. 10, 3482–3485 (2010).
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J. Dorfmülle, R. Vogelgesang, W. Khunsin, C. Rockstuhl, C. Etrich, and K. Kern, “Plasmonic nanowire antennas: experiment, simulation, and theory,” Nano Lett. 10, 3596–3603 (2010).
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Kolesov, R.

R. Kolesov, B. Grotz, G. Balasubramanian, R. J. Stöhr, A. A. L. Nicolet, P. R. Hemmer, F. Jelezko, and J. Wrachtrup, “Wave-particle duality of single surface plasmon polaritons,” Nat. Phys. 5, 470–474 (2009).
[Crossref]

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A. L. Falk, F. H. L. Koppens, C. L. Yu, K. Kang, N. de Leon Snapp, A. V. Akimov, M.-H. Jo, M. D. Lukin, and H. Park, “Near-field electrical detection of optical plasmons and single-plasmon sources,” Nat. Phys. 5, 475–479 (2009).
[Crossref]

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H. Ditlbacher, A. Hohenau, D. Wagner, U. Kreibig, M. Rogers, F. Hofer, F. R. Aussenegg, and J. R. Krenn, “Silver nanowires as surface plasmon resonators,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 257403 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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H. Ditlbacher, A. Hohenau, D. Wagner, U. Kreibig, M. Rogers, F. Hofer, F. R. Aussenegg, and J. R. Krenn, “Silver nanowires as surface plasmon resonators,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 257403 (2005).
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X. Y. Yang, H. T. Liu, and P. Lalanne, “Cross conversion between surface plasmon polaritons and quasicylindrical waves,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 153903 (2009).
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H. Liu and P. Lalanne, “Microscopic theory of the extraordinary optical transmission,” Nature 452, 728–731 (2008).
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P. Lalanne and J. P. Hugonin, “Interaction between optical nano-objects at metallo-dielectric interfaces,” Nat. Phys. 2, 551–556 (2006).
[Crossref]

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N. Fang, H. Lee, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, “Sub-diffraction-limited optical imaging with a silver superlens,” Science 308, 534–537 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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G. Gay, O. Alloschery, B. Viaris de Lesegno, C. O’Dwyer, J. Weiner, and H. J. Lezec, “The optical response of nanostructured surfaces and the composite diffracted evanescent wave model,” Nat. Phys. 2, 262–267 (2006).
[Crossref]

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[Crossref]

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N. Liu, Z. Li, and H. Xu, “Polarization-dependent study on propagating surface plasmons in silver nanowires launched by a near-field scanning optical fiber tip,” Small 8, 2641–2646 (2012).
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Z. Fang, L. Fan, C. Lin, D. Zhang, A. J. Meixner, and X. Zhu, “Plasmonic coupling of bow tie antennas with Ag nanowire,” Nano Lett. 11, 1676–1680 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Fand, Y. Lu, L. Fan, C. Lin, and X. Zhu, “Surface plasmon polariton enhancement in silver nanowire-nanoatenna structure,” Plasmonics 5, 57–62 (2010).
[Crossref]

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A. Paul, D. Solis, K. Bao, W.-S. Chang, S. Nauert, L. Vidgerman, E. R. Zubarev, P. Nordlander, and S. Link, “Identification of higher order long-propagation-length surface plasmon polariton modes in chemically prepared gold nanowires,” ACS Nano 6, 8105–8113 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Solis, W.-S. Chang, B. P. Khanal, K. Bao, P. Nordlander, E. R. Zubarev, and S. Link, “Bleach-imaged plasmon propagation (BlIPP) in single gold nanowires,” Nano Lett. 10, 3482–3485 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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X. Ren, A. Liu, C. Zou, L. Wang, Y. Cai, F. Sun, G. Guo, and G. Guo, “Interference of surface plasmon polaritons from a “point” source,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 201113 (2011).
[Crossref]

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X. Xiong, C.-L. Zou, X.-F. Ren, A.-P. Liu, Y.-X. Ye, F.-W. Sun, and G.-C. Guo, “Silver nanowires for photonics applications,” Laser Photon. Rev. 7, 901–919 (2013).
[Crossref]

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H. Liu and P. Lalanne, “Microscopic theory of the extraordinary optical transmission,” Nature 452, 728–731 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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X. Y. Yang, H. T. Liu, and P. Lalanne, “Cross conversion between surface plasmon polaritons and quasicylindrical waves,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 153903 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liu, N.

N. Liu, Z. Li, and H. Xu, “Polarization-dependent study on propagating surface plasmons in silver nanowires launched by a near-field scanning optical fiber tip,” Small 8, 2641–2646 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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Z. Fand, Y. Lu, L. Fan, C. Lin, and X. Zhu, “Surface plasmon polariton enhancement in silver nanowire-nanoatenna structure,” Plasmonics 5, 57–62 (2010).
[Crossref]

Y. Yin, Y. Lu, Y. Sun, and Y. Xia, “Silver nanowires can be directly coated with amorphous silica to generate well-controlled coaxial nanocables of silver/silica,” Nano Lett. 2, 427–430 (2002).
[Crossref]

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A. L. Falk, F. H. L. Koppens, C. L. Yu, K. Kang, N. de Leon Snapp, A. V. Akimov, M.-H. Jo, M. D. Lukin, and H. Park, “Near-field electrical detection of optical plasmons and single-plasmon sources,” Nat. Phys. 5, 475–479 (2009).
[Crossref]

A. V. Akimov, A. Mukherjee, C. L. Yu, D. E. Chang, A. S. Zibrov, P. R. Hemmer, H. Park, and M. D. Lukin, “Generation of single optical plasmons in metallic nanowires coupled to quantum dots,” Nature 450, 402–406 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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X. Chen, Y. Luo, J. Zhang, K. Jiang, J. B. Pendry, and S. Zhang, “Macroscopic invisibility cloaking of visible light,” Nat. Commun. 2, 176 (2011).
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X. Guo, Y. Ma, Y. Wang, and L. Tong, “Nanowire plasmonic waveguides, circuits and devices,” Laser Photon. Rev. 7, 855–881 (2013).
[Crossref]

Y. Wang, Y. Ma, X. Guo, and L. Tong, “Single-mode plasmonic waveguiding properties of metal nanowires with dielectric substrates,” Opt. Express 20, 19006–19015 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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Z. Fang, L. Fan, C. Lin, D. Zhang, A. J. Meixner, and X. Zhu, “Plasmonic coupling of bow tie antennas with Ag nanowire,” Nano Lett. 11, 1676–1680 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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A. V. Akimov, A. Mukherjee, C. L. Yu, D. E. Chang, A. S. Zibrov, P. R. Hemmer, H. Park, and M. D. Lukin, “Generation of single optical plasmons in metallic nanowires coupled to quantum dots,” Nature 450, 402–406 (2007).
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[Crossref] [PubMed]

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R. Kolesov, B. Grotz, G. Balasubramanian, R. J. Stöhr, A. A. L. Nicolet, P. R. Hemmer, F. Jelezko, and J. Wrachtrup, “Wave-particle duality of single surface plasmon polaritons,” Nat. Phys. 5, 470–474 (2009).
[Crossref]

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A. Paul, D. Solis, K. Bao, W.-S. Chang, S. Nauert, L. Vidgerman, E. R. Zubarev, P. Nordlander, and S. Link, “Identification of higher order long-propagation-length surface plasmon polariton modes in chemically prepared gold nanowires,” ACS Nano 6, 8105–8113 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Zhang, H. Wei, K. Bao, U. Håkanson, N. J. Halas, P. Nordlander, and H. Xu, “Chiral surface plasmon polaritons on metallic nanowires,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 096801 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Solis, W.-S. Chang, B. P. Khanal, K. Bao, P. Nordlander, E. R. Zubarev, and S. Link, “Bleach-imaged plasmon propagation (BlIPP) in single gold nanowires,” Nano Lett. 10, 3482–3485 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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G. Gay, O. Alloschery, B. Viaris de Lesegno, C. O’Dwyer, J. Weiner, and H. J. Lezec, “The optical response of nanostructured surfaces and the composite diffracted evanescent wave model,” Nat. Phys. 2, 262–267 (2006).
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A. L. Falk, F. H. L. Koppens, C. L. Yu, K. Kang, N. de Leon Snapp, A. V. Akimov, M.-H. Jo, M. D. Lukin, and H. Park, “Near-field electrical detection of optical plasmons and single-plasmon sources,” Nat. Phys. 5, 475–479 (2009).
[Crossref]

A. V. Akimov, A. Mukherjee, C. L. Yu, D. E. Chang, A. S. Zibrov, P. R. Hemmer, H. Park, and M. D. Lukin, “Generation of single optical plasmons in metallic nanowires coupled to quantum dots,” Nature 450, 402–406 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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A. Paul, D. Solis, K. Bao, W.-S. Chang, S. Nauert, L. Vidgerman, E. R. Zubarev, P. Nordlander, and S. Link, “Identification of higher order long-propagation-length surface plasmon polariton modes in chemically prepared gold nanowires,” ACS Nano 6, 8105–8113 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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X. Chen, Y. Luo, J. Zhang, K. Jiang, J. B. Pendry, and S. Zhang, “Macroscopic invisibility cloaking of visible light,” Nat. Commun. 2, 176 (2011).
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[Crossref] [PubMed]

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X. Ren, A. Liu, C. Zou, L. Wang, Y. Cai, F. Sun, G. Guo, and G. Guo, “Interference of surface plasmon polaritons from a “point” source,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 201113 (2011).
[Crossref]

Ren, X.-F.

X. Xiong, C.-L. Zou, X.-F. Ren, A.-P. Liu, Y.-X. Ye, F.-W. Sun, and G.-C. Guo, “Silver nanowires for photonics applications,” Laser Photon. Rev. 7, 901–919 (2013).
[Crossref]

C.-H. Dong, X.-F. Ren, R. Yang, J.-Y. Duan, J.-G. Guan, G.-C. Guo, and G.-P. Guo, “Coupling of light from an optical fiber taper into silver nanowires,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 221109 (2009).
[Crossref]

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J. Dorfmülle, R. Vogelgesang, W. Khunsin, C. Rockstuhl, C. Etrich, and K. Kern, “Plasmonic nanowire antennas: experiment, simulation, and theory,” Nano Lett. 10, 3596–3603 (2010).
[Crossref]

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H. Ditlbacher, A. Hohenau, D. Wagner, U. Kreibig, M. Rogers, F. Hofer, F. R. Aussenegg, and J. R. Krenn, “Silver nanowires as surface plasmon resonators,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 257403 (2005).
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[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Solis, W.-S. Chang, B. P. Khanal, K. Bao, P. Nordlander, E. R. Zubarev, and S. Link, “Bleach-imaged plasmon propagation (BlIPP) in single gold nanowires,” Nano Lett. 10, 3482–3485 (2010).
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R. Dallapiccola, C. Dubois, A. Gopinath, F. Stellacci, and L. Dal Negro, “Near-field excitation and near-field detection of propagating surface plasmon polaritons on Au waveguide structures,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 243118 (2009).
[Crossref]

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R. Kolesov, B. Grotz, G. Balasubramanian, R. J. Stöhr, A. A. L. Nicolet, P. R. Hemmer, F. Jelezko, and J. Wrachtrup, “Wave-particle duality of single surface plasmon polaritons,” Nat. Phys. 5, 470–474 (2009).
[Crossref]

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N. Fang, H. Lee, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, “Sub-diffraction-limited optical imaging with a silver superlens,” Science 308, 534–537 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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X. Ren, A. Liu, C. Zou, L. Wang, Y. Cai, F. Sun, G. Guo, and G. Guo, “Interference of surface plasmon polaritons from a “point” source,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 201113 (2011).
[Crossref]

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C. L. Zou, F. W. Sun, Y. F. Xiao, C. H. Dong, X. D. Chen, J. M. Cui, Q. Gong, Z. F. Han, and G. C. Guo, “Plasmon modes of silver nanowire on a silica substrate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 183102 (2010).
[Crossref]

Sun, F.-W.

X. Xiong, C.-L. Zou, X.-F. Ren, A.-P. Liu, Y.-X. Ye, F.-W. Sun, and G.-C. Guo, “Silver nanowires for photonics applications,” Laser Photon. Rev. 7, 901–919 (2013).
[Crossref]

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Y. Yin, Y. Lu, Y. Sun, and Y. Xia, “Silver nanowires can be directly coated with amorphous silica to generate well-controlled coaxial nanocables of silver/silica,” Nano Lett. 2, 427–430 (2002).
[Crossref]

Y. Sun and Y. Xia, “Large-scale synthesis of uniform silver nanowires through a soft, self-seeding, polyol process,” Adv. Mater. 14, 833–837 (2002).
[Crossref]

Takahara, J.

Taki, H.

Thio, T.

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, “Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays,” Nature 391, 667–669 (1998).
[Crossref]

Tian, X.

H. Wei, S. Zhang, X. Tian, and H. Xu, “Highly tunable propagating surface plasmons on supported silver nanowires,” PNAS 110, 4494–4499 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Wei, Z. Wang, X. Tian, M. Käll, and H. Xu, “Cascaded logic gates in nanophotonic plasmon networks,” Nat. Commun. 2, 387 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tong, L.

X. Guo, Y. Ma, Y. Wang, and L. Tong, “Nanowire plasmonic waveguides, circuits and devices,” Laser Photon. Rev. 7, 855–881 (2013).
[Crossref]

Y. Wang, Y. Ma, X. Guo, and L. Tong, “Single-mode plasmonic waveguiding properties of metal nanowires with dielectric substrates,” Opt. Express 20, 19006–19015 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Viaris de Lesegno, B.

G. Gay, O. Alloschery, B. Viaris de Lesegno, C. O’Dwyer, J. Weiner, and H. J. Lezec, “The optical response of nanostructured surfaces and the composite diffracted evanescent wave model,” Nat. Phys. 2, 262–267 (2006).
[Crossref]

Vidgerman, L.

A. Paul, D. Solis, K. Bao, W.-S. Chang, S. Nauert, L. Vidgerman, E. R. Zubarev, P. Nordlander, and S. Link, “Identification of higher order long-propagation-length surface plasmon polariton modes in chemically prepared gold nanowires,” ACS Nano 6, 8105–8113 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Vogelgesang, R.

J. Dorfmülle, R. Vogelgesang, W. Khunsin, C. Rockstuhl, C. Etrich, and K. Kern, “Plasmonic nanowire antennas: experiment, simulation, and theory,” Nano Lett. 10, 3596–3603 (2010).
[Crossref]

Wagner, D.

H. Ditlbacher, A. Hohenau, D. Wagner, U. Kreibig, M. Rogers, F. Hofer, F. R. Aussenegg, and J. R. Krenn, “Silver nanowires as surface plasmon resonators,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 257403 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, K.

K. Wang, E. Schonbrun, P. Steinvurzel, and K. B. Crozier, “Scannable plasmonic trapping using a gold stripe,” Nano Lett. 10, 3506–3511 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, L.

X. Ren, A. Liu, C. Zou, L. Wang, Y. Cai, F. Sun, G. Guo, and G. Guo, “Interference of surface plasmon polaritons from a “point” source,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 201113 (2011).
[Crossref]

Wang, Y.

X. Guo, Y. Ma, Y. Wang, and L. Tong, “Nanowire plasmonic waveguides, circuits and devices,” Laser Photon. Rev. 7, 855–881 (2013).
[Crossref]

Y. Wang, Y. Ma, X. Guo, and L. Tong, “Single-mode plasmonic waveguiding properties of metal nanowires with dielectric substrates,” Opt. Express 20, 19006–19015 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, Z.

H. Wei, Z. Wang, X. Tian, M. Käll, and H. Xu, “Cascaded logic gates in nanophotonic plasmon networks,” Nat. Commun. 2, 387 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wei, H.

H. Wei, S. Zhang, X. Tian, and H. Xu, “Highly tunable propagating surface plasmons on supported silver nanowires,” PNAS 110, 4494–4499 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Wei, Z. Wang, X. Tian, M. Käll, and H. Xu, “Cascaded logic gates in nanophotonic plasmon networks,” Nat. Commun. 2, 387 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Zhang, H. Wei, K. Bao, U. Håkanson, N. J. Halas, P. Nordlander, and H. Xu, “Chiral surface plasmon polaritons on metallic nanowires,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 096801 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Weiner, J.

G. Gay, O. Alloschery, B. Viaris de Lesegno, C. O’Dwyer, J. Weiner, and H. J. Lezec, “The optical response of nanostructured surfaces and the composite diffracted evanescent wave model,” Nat. Phys. 2, 262–267 (2006).
[Crossref]

Wiley, B.

A. L. Pyayt, B. Wiley, Y. Xia, A. Chen, and L. Dalton, “Integration of photonic and silver nanowire plasmonic waveguides,” Nat. Nanotech. 3, 660–665 (2008).
[Crossref]

Wiley, B. J.

A. W. Sanders, D. A. Routenberg, B. J. Wiley, Y. Xia, E. R. Dufresne, and M. A. Reed, “Observation of plasmon propagation, redirection, and Fan-out in silver nanowires,” Nano Lett. 6, 1822–1826 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wolff, P. A.

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, “Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays,” Nature 391, 667–669 (1998).
[Crossref]

Wrachtrup, J.

R. Kolesov, B. Grotz, G. Balasubramanian, R. J. Stöhr, A. A. L. Nicolet, P. R. Hemmer, F. Jelezko, and J. Wrachtrup, “Wave-particle duality of single surface plasmon polaritons,” Nat. Phys. 5, 470–474 (2009).
[Crossref]

Xia, Y.

A. L. Pyayt, B. Wiley, Y. Xia, A. Chen, and L. Dalton, “Integration of photonic and silver nanowire plasmonic waveguides,” Nat. Nanotech. 3, 660–665 (2008).
[Crossref]

A. W. Sanders, D. A. Routenberg, B. J. Wiley, Y. Xia, E. R. Dufresne, and M. A. Reed, “Observation of plasmon propagation, redirection, and Fan-out in silver nanowires,” Nano Lett. 6, 1822–1826 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Sun and Y. Xia, “Large-scale synthesis of uniform silver nanowires through a soft, self-seeding, polyol process,” Adv. Mater. 14, 833–837 (2002).
[Crossref]

Y. Yin, Y. Lu, Y. Sun, and Y. Xia, “Silver nanowires can be directly coated with amorphous silica to generate well-controlled coaxial nanocables of silver/silica,” Nano Lett. 2, 427–430 (2002).
[Crossref]

Xiao, Y. F.

C. L. Zou, F. W. Sun, Y. F. Xiao, C. H. Dong, X. D. Chen, J. M. Cui, Q. Gong, Z. F. Han, and G. C. Guo, “Plasmon modes of silver nanowire on a silica substrate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 183102 (2010).
[Crossref]

Xiong, X.

X. Xiong, C.-L. Zou, X.-F. Ren, A.-P. Liu, Y.-X. Ye, F.-W. Sun, and G.-C. Guo, “Silver nanowires for photonics applications,” Laser Photon. Rev. 7, 901–919 (2013).
[Crossref]

Xu, H.

H. Wei, S. Zhang, X. Tian, and H. Xu, “Highly tunable propagating surface plasmons on supported silver nanowires,” PNAS 110, 4494–4499 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Liu, Z. Li, and H. Xu, “Polarization-dependent study on propagating surface plasmons in silver nanowires launched by a near-field scanning optical fiber tip,” Small 8, 2641–2646 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Wei, Z. Wang, X. Tian, M. Käll, and H. Xu, “Cascaded logic gates in nanophotonic plasmon networks,” Nat. Commun. 2, 387 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Zhang, H. Wei, K. Bao, U. Håkanson, N. J. Halas, P. Nordlander, and H. Xu, “Chiral surface plasmon polaritons on metallic nanowires,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 096801 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yamagishi, S.

Yang, R.

C.-H. Dong, X.-F. Ren, R. Yang, J.-Y. Duan, J.-G. Guan, G.-C. Guo, and G.-P. Guo, “Coupling of light from an optical fiber taper into silver nanowires,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 221109 (2009).
[Crossref]

Yang, X. Y.

X. Y. Yang, H. T. Liu, and P. Lalanne, “Cross conversion between surface plasmon polaritons and quasicylindrical waves,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 153903 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ye, Y.-X.

X. Xiong, C.-L. Zou, X.-F. Ren, A.-P. Liu, Y.-X. Ye, F.-W. Sun, and G.-C. Guo, “Silver nanowires for photonics applications,” Laser Photon. Rev. 7, 901–919 (2013).
[Crossref]

Yin, Y.

Y. Yin, Y. Lu, Y. Sun, and Y. Xia, “Silver nanowires can be directly coated with amorphous silica to generate well-controlled coaxial nanocables of silver/silica,” Nano Lett. 2, 427–430 (2002).
[Crossref]

Yu, C. L.

A. L. Falk, F. H. L. Koppens, C. L. Yu, K. Kang, N. de Leon Snapp, A. V. Akimov, M.-H. Jo, M. D. Lukin, and H. Park, “Near-field electrical detection of optical plasmons and single-plasmon sources,” Nat. Phys. 5, 475–479 (2009).
[Crossref]

A. V. Akimov, A. Mukherjee, C. L. Yu, D. E. Chang, A. S. Zibrov, P. R. Hemmer, H. Park, and M. D. Lukin, “Generation of single optical plasmons in metallic nanowires coupled to quantum dots,” Nature 450, 402–406 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, D.

Z. Fang, L. Fan, C. Lin, D. Zhang, A. J. Meixner, and X. Zhu, “Plasmonic coupling of bow tie antennas with Ag nanowire,” Nano Lett. 11, 1676–1680 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, J.

X. Chen, Y. Luo, J. Zhang, K. Jiang, J. B. Pendry, and S. Zhang, “Macroscopic invisibility cloaking of visible light,” Nat. Commun. 2, 176 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, S.

H. Wei, S. Zhang, X. Tian, and H. Xu, “Highly tunable propagating surface plasmons on supported silver nanowires,” PNAS 110, 4494–4499 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Zhang, H. Wei, K. Bao, U. Håkanson, N. J. Halas, P. Nordlander, and H. Xu, “Chiral surface plasmon polaritons on metallic nanowires,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 096801 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Chen, Y. Luo, J. Zhang, K. Jiang, J. B. Pendry, and S. Zhang, “Macroscopic invisibility cloaking of visible light,” Nat. Commun. 2, 176 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, X.

N. Fang, H. Lee, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, “Sub-diffraction-limited optical imaging with a silver superlens,” Science 308, 534–537 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhu, X.

Z. Fang, L. Fan, C. Lin, D. Zhang, A. J. Meixner, and X. Zhu, “Plasmonic coupling of bow tie antennas with Ag nanowire,” Nano Lett. 11, 1676–1680 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Fand, Y. Lu, L. Fan, C. Lin, and X. Zhu, “Surface plasmon polariton enhancement in silver nanowire-nanoatenna structure,” Plasmonics 5, 57–62 (2010).
[Crossref]

Zibrov, A. S.

A. V. Akimov, A. Mukherjee, C. L. Yu, D. E. Chang, A. S. Zibrov, P. R. Hemmer, H. Park, and M. D. Lukin, “Generation of single optical plasmons in metallic nanowires coupled to quantum dots,” Nature 450, 402–406 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zou, C.

X. Ren, A. Liu, C. Zou, L. Wang, Y. Cai, F. Sun, G. Guo, and G. Guo, “Interference of surface plasmon polaritons from a “point” source,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 201113 (2011).
[Crossref]

Zou, C. L.

C. L. Zou, F. W. Sun, Y. F. Xiao, C. H. Dong, X. D. Chen, J. M. Cui, Q. Gong, Z. F. Han, and G. C. Guo, “Plasmon modes of silver nanowire on a silica substrate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 183102 (2010).
[Crossref]

Zou, C.-L.

X. Xiong, C.-L. Zou, X.-F. Ren, A.-P. Liu, Y.-X. Ye, F.-W. Sun, and G.-C. Guo, “Silver nanowires for photonics applications,” Laser Photon. Rev. 7, 901–919 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zubarev, E. R.

A. Paul, D. Solis, K. Bao, W.-S. Chang, S. Nauert, L. Vidgerman, E. R. Zubarev, P. Nordlander, and S. Link, “Identification of higher order long-propagation-length surface plasmon polariton modes in chemically prepared gold nanowires,” ACS Nano 6, 8105–8113 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Solis, W.-S. Chang, B. P. Khanal, K. Bao, P. Nordlander, E. R. Zubarev, and S. Link, “Bleach-imaged plasmon propagation (BlIPP) in single gold nanowires,” Nano Lett. 10, 3482–3485 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

ACS Nano (1)

A. Paul, D. Solis, K. Bao, W.-S. Chang, S. Nauert, L. Vidgerman, E. R. Zubarev, P. Nordlander, and S. Link, “Identification of higher order long-propagation-length surface plasmon polariton modes in chemically prepared gold nanowires,” ACS Nano 6, 8105–8113 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Adv. Mater. (1)

Y. Sun and Y. Xia, “Large-scale synthesis of uniform silver nanowires through a soft, self-seeding, polyol process,” Adv. Mater. 14, 833–837 (2002).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (4)

R. Dallapiccola, C. Dubois, A. Gopinath, F. Stellacci, and L. Dal Negro, “Near-field excitation and near-field detection of propagating surface plasmon polaritons on Au waveguide structures,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 243118 (2009).
[Crossref]

X. Ren, A. Liu, C. Zou, L. Wang, Y. Cai, F. Sun, G. Guo, and G. Guo, “Interference of surface plasmon polaritons from a “point” source,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 201113 (2011).
[Crossref]

C.-H. Dong, X.-F. Ren, R. Yang, J.-Y. Duan, J.-G. Guan, G.-C. Guo, and G.-P. Guo, “Coupling of light from an optical fiber taper into silver nanowires,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 221109 (2009).
[Crossref]

C. L. Zou, F. W. Sun, Y. F. Xiao, C. H. Dong, X. D. Chen, J. M. Cui, Q. Gong, Z. F. Han, and G. C. Guo, “Plasmon modes of silver nanowire on a silica substrate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 183102 (2010).
[Crossref]

Laser Photon. Rev. (2)

X. Guo, Y. Ma, Y. Wang, and L. Tong, “Nanowire plasmonic waveguides, circuits and devices,” Laser Photon. Rev. 7, 855–881 (2013).
[Crossref]

X. Xiong, C.-L. Zou, X.-F. Ren, A.-P. Liu, Y.-X. Ye, F.-W. Sun, and G.-C. Guo, “Silver nanowires for photonics applications,” Laser Photon. Rev. 7, 901–919 (2013).
[Crossref]

Nano Lett. (6)

A. W. Sanders, D. A. Routenberg, B. J. Wiley, Y. Xia, E. R. Dufresne, and M. A. Reed, “Observation of plasmon propagation, redirection, and Fan-out in silver nanowires,” Nano Lett. 6, 1822–1826 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Solis, W.-S. Chang, B. P. Khanal, K. Bao, P. Nordlander, E. R. Zubarev, and S. Link, “Bleach-imaged plasmon propagation (BlIPP) in single gold nanowires,” Nano Lett. 10, 3482–3485 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Fang, L. Fan, C. Lin, D. Zhang, A. J. Meixner, and X. Zhu, “Plasmonic coupling of bow tie antennas with Ag nanowire,” Nano Lett. 11, 1676–1680 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Dorfmülle, R. Vogelgesang, W. Khunsin, C. Rockstuhl, C. Etrich, and K. Kern, “Plasmonic nanowire antennas: experiment, simulation, and theory,” Nano Lett. 10, 3596–3603 (2010).
[Crossref]

K. Wang, E. Schonbrun, P. Steinvurzel, and K. B. Crozier, “Scannable plasmonic trapping using a gold stripe,” Nano Lett. 10, 3506–3511 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Yin, Y. Lu, Y. Sun, and Y. Xia, “Silver nanowires can be directly coated with amorphous silica to generate well-controlled coaxial nanocables of silver/silica,” Nano Lett. 2, 427–430 (2002).
[Crossref]

Nat. Commun. (3)

H. Wei, Z. Wang, X. Tian, M. Käll, and H. Xu, “Cascaded logic gates in nanophotonic plasmon networks,” Nat. Commun. 2, 387 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. F. Ma and T. J. Cui, “Three-dimensional broadband ground-plane cloak made of metamaterials,” Nat. Commun. 1, 21 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Chen, Y. Luo, J. Zhang, K. Jiang, J. B. Pendry, and S. Zhang, “Macroscopic invisibility cloaking of visible light,” Nat. Commun. 2, 176 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Nanotech. (1)

A. L. Pyayt, B. Wiley, Y. Xia, A. Chen, and L. Dalton, “Integration of photonic and silver nanowire plasmonic waveguides,” Nat. Nanotech. 3, 660–665 (2008).
[Crossref]

Nat. Phys. (4)

R. Kolesov, B. Grotz, G. Balasubramanian, R. J. Stöhr, A. A. L. Nicolet, P. R. Hemmer, F. Jelezko, and J. Wrachtrup, “Wave-particle duality of single surface plasmon polaritons,” Nat. Phys. 5, 470–474 (2009).
[Crossref]

A. L. Falk, F. H. L. Koppens, C. L. Yu, K. Kang, N. de Leon Snapp, A. V. Akimov, M.-H. Jo, M. D. Lukin, and H. Park, “Near-field electrical detection of optical plasmons and single-plasmon sources,” Nat. Phys. 5, 475–479 (2009).
[Crossref]

G. Gay, O. Alloschery, B. Viaris de Lesegno, C. O’Dwyer, J. Weiner, and H. J. Lezec, “The optical response of nanostructured surfaces and the composite diffracted evanescent wave model,” Nat. Phys. 2, 262–267 (2006).
[Crossref]

P. Lalanne and J. P. Hugonin, “Interaction between optical nano-objects at metallo-dielectric interfaces,” Nat. Phys. 2, 551–556 (2006).
[Crossref]

Nature (3)

H. Liu and P. Lalanne, “Microscopic theory of the extraordinary optical transmission,” Nature 452, 728–731 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. V. Akimov, A. Mukherjee, C. L. Yu, D. E. Chang, A. S. Zibrov, P. R. Hemmer, H. Park, and M. D. Lukin, “Generation of single optical plasmons in metallic nanowires coupled to quantum dots,” Nature 450, 402–406 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, “Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays,” Nature 391, 667–669 (1998).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (3)

H. Ditlbacher, A. Hohenau, D. Wagner, U. Kreibig, M. Rogers, F. Hofer, F. R. Aussenegg, and J. R. Krenn, “Silver nanowires as surface plasmon resonators,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 257403 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Zhang, H. Wei, K. Bao, U. Håkanson, N. J. Halas, P. Nordlander, and H. Xu, “Chiral surface plasmon polaritons on metallic nanowires,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 096801 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Y. Yang, H. T. Liu, and P. Lalanne, “Cross conversion between surface plasmon polaritons and quasicylindrical waves,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 153903 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Plasmonics (1)

Z. Fand, Y. Lu, L. Fan, C. Lin, and X. Zhu, “Surface plasmon polariton enhancement in silver nanowire-nanoatenna structure,” Plasmonics 5, 57–62 (2010).
[Crossref]

PNAS (1)

H. Wei, S. Zhang, X. Tian, and H. Xu, “Highly tunable propagating surface plasmons on supported silver nanowires,” PNAS 110, 4494–4499 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Science (1)

N. Fang, H. Lee, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, “Sub-diffraction-limited optical imaging with a silver superlens,” Science 308, 534–537 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Small (1)

N. Liu, Z. Li, and H. Xu, “Polarization-dependent study on propagating surface plasmons in silver nanowires launched by a near-field scanning optical fiber tip,” Small 8, 2641–2646 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Other (1)

E. D. Palik, Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids (Academic, New York, 1998).

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 The schematic of the studied structure. (a) The cross section of SiO2-coated AgNW covered by a layer of PMMA on SiO2 substrate (not to scale). The inset is the SEM image of SiO2-coated AgNW. (b) and (c) The experimental setups of SE and DE methods, respectively. (d)–(f) The electric field distributions of SPP1, SPP2 and SPP3, respectively, on the cross section of AgNW.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Experimental result of surface waves detected by SE method. (a) NSOM image of AgNW detected by SE method. The inset is three-dimensional intensity image of surface waves. (b) Intensity profile of surface waves on AgNW. The red solid line is intensity profile of surface waves along the blue dashed cut line in (a). The black (purple) solid line is the calculated result fitted with SPP3 and CW (only SPP3 with a normalized intensity offset of −0.2). The inset is the illustration of surface waves propagating on AgNW with SE method. S and C are the end facets of AgNW. D is a point on the surface of AgNW.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Experimental result of surface waves detected by DE method. (a) NSOM image of AgNW detected by DE method. (b) Intensity profile of surface waves on AgNW. The red line is detected intensity profile of surface waves along the blue dashed cut line in (a). The black (purple) solid line is the calculated result fitted with SPP2 and CW (SPP2 only, with an normalized intensity offset of −0.2). The inset is the illustration of surface waves propagating along AgNW.

Equations (3)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

E det , SPP 3 ( z ) = A ˜ 3 e in 3 k 0 z + η 3 e in 3 k 0 ( l z ) ,
E det , tot ( z ) = A ˜ CW e i k 0 z / z + A ˜ 3 e in 3 k 0 z + η 3 e in 3 k 0 ( l z ) ,
E det , tot ( z ) = B ˜ CW e i k CW z / z + ( B ˜ 2 + η 2 e i 2 n 2 k 0 ( l z ) ) e in 2 k 0 z ,

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