Abstract

We propose a film patterned retarder (FPR) for stereoscopic three-dimensional display with polarization glasses using ink-jet printing method. Conventional FPR process requires coating of photo-alignment and then UV exposure using wire-grid mask, which is very expensive and difficult. The proposed novel fabrication method utilizes a plastic substrate made of polyether sulfone and an alignment layer, poly (4, 4’ - (9, 9 -fluorenyl) diphenylene cyclobutanyltetracarboximide) (9FDA/CBDA) in which the former and the latter aligns reactive mesogen along and perpendicular to the rubbing direction, respectively. The ink-jet printing of 9FDA/CBDA line by line allows fabricating the cost effective FPR which can be widely applied for 3D display applications.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. S. S. Kim, B. H. You, H. Choi, B. H. Berkeley, D. G. Kim, and N. D. Kim, “World’s First 240Hz TFT-LCD Technology for Full-HD LCD-TV and Its application to 3D Display,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers40, 424–427 (2009).
  2. J.-C. Liou, K. Lee, and F.-G. Tseng, “LED scanning backlight stereoscopic display with shutter glasses,” Proc. of the 8th International Meeting on Information Display (Society for Information Display, Ilsan, Korea), 710–713 (2008).
  3. M. Hammer and E. H. A. Langendijk, “Reduced cross-talk in shutter-glass-based stereoscopic LCD,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 18(8), 577–582 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  4. Y.-J. Wu, Y.-S. Jeng, P.-C. Yeh, C.-J. Hu, and W.-M. Huang, “Stereoscopic 3D Display using Patterned Retarder,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers39, 260–263 (2008).
  5. H. Kang, S.-D. Roh, I.-S. Baik, H.-J. Jung, W.-N. Jeong, J.-K. Shin, and I.-J. Chung, “A Novel Polarizer Glasses-type 3D Display with a Patterned Retarder,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers41, 1–4 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  6. H. Hong, D. Lee, J. Jang, and M. Lim, “Analysis of Dependence of user position and eyeglass on the performance of stereoscopic 3D of patterned retarder method,” Proc. of the 9th International Meeting on Information Display (Society for Information Display, Ilsan, Korea), 1010–1013 (2009).
  7. B.-J. Mun and G.-D. Lee, “Optical Structure for a Three-dimensional Liquid-crystal Cell Using a Wide-band and Wide-view Half-wave Retarder,” J. Korean Phys. Soc. 62(1), 40–47 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  8. S.-M. Jung, Y.-B. Lee, H.-J. Park, J.-W. Park, W. Jeon, S.-K. Choi, D.-H. Lee, W.-N. Jeong, and J.-H. Kim, “Polarizer Glasses Type 3-D TVs having High Image Quality with Active Retarder 3-D Technology,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers42, 168–170 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  9. S.-C. Lin, H.-T. Lin, and C.-C. Chiu, “Improvement in the 3D Image Crosstalk on Double-Layer Liquid-Crystal 3D Display,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers42, 1113–1115 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  10. Y. Yoshihara, H. Ujike, and T. Tanabe, “3D Crosstalk of Stereoscopic (3D) Display using Patterned Retaredr and Corresponding Glasses,” Proc. of the 15th International Display Workshop (Society for Information Display, Niigata, Japan), 1135–1138 (2008).
  11. K. Choi, H. Kim, and B. Lee, “Full-color autostereoscopic 3D display system using color-dispersion-compensated synthetic phase holograms,” Opt. Express 12(21), 5229–5236 (2004).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  12. H. J. Lee, H. Nam, J. D. Lee, H. W. Jang, M. S. Song, B. S. Kim, J. S. Gu, C. Y. Park, and K. H. Choi, “A High Resolution Autostereoscopic Display Employing a Time Division Parallax Barrier,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers37, 81–84 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  13. O. H. Willemsen, S. T. De Zwart, M. G. H. Hiddink, D. K. G. De Boer, and M. P. C. M. Krijn, “Multi-view 3D Display,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers38, 1154–1157 (2007).
  14. Q. H. Wang, Y. H. Tao, D. H. Li, R.-L. Zhao, and W.-X. Zhao, “3D Autostereoscopic Liquid Crystal Display Based on Lenticular Len,” Chin. J. Electron Dev. 31, 296–298 (2008).
  15. J. C. Schultz, R. Brott, M. Sykora, W. Bryan, T. Fukamib, K. Nakao, and A. Takimoto, “Full Resolution Autostereoscopoic 3D Display for Mobile Applications,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers40, 127–130 (2009).
  16. Y.-Y. Kao, Y.-P. Huang, K. X. Yang, P. C. P. Chao, C. C. Tsai, and C. N. Mo, “An Auto-Stereoscopic 3D Display Using Tunable Liquid Crystal Lens Array that Mimics Effects of GRIN Lenticular Lens Array,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers40, 111–114 (2009).
  17. Y.-P. Huang, C.-W. Chen, and T.-C. Shen, “High Resolution Autostereoscopic 3D Display with Scanning Multi-Electrode Driving Liquid Crystal (MeD-LC) Lens,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers40, 336–339 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  18. R. Brott and J. Schultz, “Directional Backlight Lightguide Considerations for Full Resolution Autostereoscopic 3D Displays”, SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers41, 218–221 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  19. B.-S. Kim, H. Lee, and W.-Y. Kim, “Rapid Eye Detection Method for Non-Glasses Type 3D Display on Portable Devices,” IEEE Trans. Consum. Electron. 56(4), 2498–2505 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  20. Q. Wang, Y. Tao, W. Zhao, and D. Li, “A full resolution autostereoscopic 3D display based on polarizer parallax barrier,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 8(1), 22–23 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  21. K. Nakajima, H. Wakemoto, S. Sato, F. Yokotani, S. Ishihara, and Y. Matsuo, “Polystyrene derivative films for liquid crystal alignment,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. (Phila. Pa.) 180, 223–232 (1990).
  22. S. G. Hahm, T. J. Lee, T. H. Chang, J. C. Jung, W. C. Zin, and M. H. Ree, “Unusual Alignment of Liquid Crystals on Rubbed Films of Polyimide with Fluorenyl Side Groups,” Macromolecules 39(16), 5385–5392 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  23. H. Okumura, J. Matsushima, H. Tanabe, and H. Asada, “Novel Lenticular Lens Fabrication Method on Glass by Using Ink-Jet Printing,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers42, 1364–1367 (2011).

2013 (1)

B.-J. Mun and G.-D. Lee, “Optical Structure for a Three-dimensional Liquid-crystal Cell Using a Wide-band and Wide-view Half-wave Retarder,” J. Korean Phys. Soc. 62(1), 40–47 (2013).
[Crossref]

2010 (3)

M. Hammer and E. H. A. Langendijk, “Reduced cross-talk in shutter-glass-based stereoscopic LCD,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 18(8), 577–582 (2010).
[Crossref]

B.-S. Kim, H. Lee, and W.-Y. Kim, “Rapid Eye Detection Method for Non-Glasses Type 3D Display on Portable Devices,” IEEE Trans. Consum. Electron. 56(4), 2498–2505 (2010).
[Crossref]

Q. Wang, Y. Tao, W. Zhao, and D. Li, “A full resolution autostereoscopic 3D display based on polarizer parallax barrier,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 8(1), 22–23 (2010).
[Crossref]

2008 (1)

Q. H. Wang, Y. H. Tao, D. H. Li, R.-L. Zhao, and W.-X. Zhao, “3D Autostereoscopic Liquid Crystal Display Based on Lenticular Len,” Chin. J. Electron Dev. 31, 296–298 (2008).

2006 (1)

S. G. Hahm, T. J. Lee, T. H. Chang, J. C. Jung, W. C. Zin, and M. H. Ree, “Unusual Alignment of Liquid Crystals on Rubbed Films of Polyimide with Fluorenyl Side Groups,” Macromolecules 39(16), 5385–5392 (2006).
[Crossref]

2004 (1)

1990 (1)

K. Nakajima, H. Wakemoto, S. Sato, F. Yokotani, S. Ishihara, and Y. Matsuo, “Polystyrene derivative films for liquid crystal alignment,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. (Phila. Pa.) 180, 223–232 (1990).

Asada, H.

H. Okumura, J. Matsushima, H. Tanabe, and H. Asada, “Novel Lenticular Lens Fabrication Method on Glass by Using Ink-Jet Printing,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers42, 1364–1367 (2011).

Baik, I.-S.

H. Kang, S.-D. Roh, I.-S. Baik, H.-J. Jung, W.-N. Jeong, J.-K. Shin, and I.-J. Chung, “A Novel Polarizer Glasses-type 3D Display with a Patterned Retarder,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers41, 1–4 (2010).
[Crossref]

Berkeley, B. H.

S. S. Kim, B. H. You, H. Choi, B. H. Berkeley, D. G. Kim, and N. D. Kim, “World’s First 240Hz TFT-LCD Technology for Full-HD LCD-TV and Its application to 3D Display,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers40, 424–427 (2009).

Brott, R.

J. C. Schultz, R. Brott, M. Sykora, W. Bryan, T. Fukamib, K. Nakao, and A. Takimoto, “Full Resolution Autostereoscopoic 3D Display for Mobile Applications,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers40, 127–130 (2009).

R. Brott and J. Schultz, “Directional Backlight Lightguide Considerations for Full Resolution Autostereoscopic 3D Displays”, SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers41, 218–221 (2010).
[Crossref]

Bryan, W.

J. C. Schultz, R. Brott, M. Sykora, W. Bryan, T. Fukamib, K. Nakao, and A. Takimoto, “Full Resolution Autostereoscopoic 3D Display for Mobile Applications,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers40, 127–130 (2009).

Chang, T. H.

S. G. Hahm, T. J. Lee, T. H. Chang, J. C. Jung, W. C. Zin, and M. H. Ree, “Unusual Alignment of Liquid Crystals on Rubbed Films of Polyimide with Fluorenyl Side Groups,” Macromolecules 39(16), 5385–5392 (2006).
[Crossref]

Chao, P. C. P.

Y.-Y. Kao, Y.-P. Huang, K. X. Yang, P. C. P. Chao, C. C. Tsai, and C. N. Mo, “An Auto-Stereoscopic 3D Display Using Tunable Liquid Crystal Lens Array that Mimics Effects of GRIN Lenticular Lens Array,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers40, 111–114 (2009).

Chen, C.-W.

Y.-P. Huang, C.-W. Chen, and T.-C. Shen, “High Resolution Autostereoscopic 3D Display with Scanning Multi-Electrode Driving Liquid Crystal (MeD-LC) Lens,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers40, 336–339 (2009).
[Crossref]

Chiu, C.-C.

S.-C. Lin, H.-T. Lin, and C.-C. Chiu, “Improvement in the 3D Image Crosstalk on Double-Layer Liquid-Crystal 3D Display,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers42, 1113–1115 (2011).
[Crossref]

Choi, H.

S. S. Kim, B. H. You, H. Choi, B. H. Berkeley, D. G. Kim, and N. D. Kim, “World’s First 240Hz TFT-LCD Technology for Full-HD LCD-TV and Its application to 3D Display,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers40, 424–427 (2009).

Choi, K.

Choi, K. H.

H. J. Lee, H. Nam, J. D. Lee, H. W. Jang, M. S. Song, B. S. Kim, J. S. Gu, C. Y. Park, and K. H. Choi, “A High Resolution Autostereoscopic Display Employing a Time Division Parallax Barrier,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers37, 81–84 (2006).
[Crossref]

Choi, S.-K.

S.-M. Jung, Y.-B. Lee, H.-J. Park, J.-W. Park, W. Jeon, S.-K. Choi, D.-H. Lee, W.-N. Jeong, and J.-H. Kim, “Polarizer Glasses Type 3-D TVs having High Image Quality with Active Retarder 3-D Technology,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers42, 168–170 (2011).
[Crossref]

Chung, I.-J.

H. Kang, S.-D. Roh, I.-S. Baik, H.-J. Jung, W.-N. Jeong, J.-K. Shin, and I.-J. Chung, “A Novel Polarizer Glasses-type 3D Display with a Patterned Retarder,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers41, 1–4 (2010).
[Crossref]

De Boer, D. K. G.

O. H. Willemsen, S. T. De Zwart, M. G. H. Hiddink, D. K. G. De Boer, and M. P. C. M. Krijn, “Multi-view 3D Display,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers38, 1154–1157 (2007).

De Zwart, S. T.

O. H. Willemsen, S. T. De Zwart, M. G. H. Hiddink, D. K. G. De Boer, and M. P. C. M. Krijn, “Multi-view 3D Display,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers38, 1154–1157 (2007).

Fukamib, T.

J. C. Schultz, R. Brott, M. Sykora, W. Bryan, T. Fukamib, K. Nakao, and A. Takimoto, “Full Resolution Autostereoscopoic 3D Display for Mobile Applications,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers40, 127–130 (2009).

Gu, J. S.

H. J. Lee, H. Nam, J. D. Lee, H. W. Jang, M. S. Song, B. S. Kim, J. S. Gu, C. Y. Park, and K. H. Choi, “A High Resolution Autostereoscopic Display Employing a Time Division Parallax Barrier,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers37, 81–84 (2006).
[Crossref]

Hahm, S. G.

S. G. Hahm, T. J. Lee, T. H. Chang, J. C. Jung, W. C. Zin, and M. H. Ree, “Unusual Alignment of Liquid Crystals on Rubbed Films of Polyimide with Fluorenyl Side Groups,” Macromolecules 39(16), 5385–5392 (2006).
[Crossref]

Hammer, M.

M. Hammer and E. H. A. Langendijk, “Reduced cross-talk in shutter-glass-based stereoscopic LCD,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 18(8), 577–582 (2010).
[Crossref]

Hiddink, M. G. H.

O. H. Willemsen, S. T. De Zwart, M. G. H. Hiddink, D. K. G. De Boer, and M. P. C. M. Krijn, “Multi-view 3D Display,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers38, 1154–1157 (2007).

Hu, C.-J.

Y.-J. Wu, Y.-S. Jeng, P.-C. Yeh, C.-J. Hu, and W.-M. Huang, “Stereoscopic 3D Display using Patterned Retarder,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers39, 260–263 (2008).

Huang, W.-M.

Y.-J. Wu, Y.-S. Jeng, P.-C. Yeh, C.-J. Hu, and W.-M. Huang, “Stereoscopic 3D Display using Patterned Retarder,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers39, 260–263 (2008).

Huang, Y.-P.

Y.-Y. Kao, Y.-P. Huang, K. X. Yang, P. C. P. Chao, C. C. Tsai, and C. N. Mo, “An Auto-Stereoscopic 3D Display Using Tunable Liquid Crystal Lens Array that Mimics Effects of GRIN Lenticular Lens Array,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers40, 111–114 (2009).

Y.-P. Huang, C.-W. Chen, and T.-C. Shen, “High Resolution Autostereoscopic 3D Display with Scanning Multi-Electrode Driving Liquid Crystal (MeD-LC) Lens,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers40, 336–339 (2009).
[Crossref]

Ishihara, S.

K. Nakajima, H. Wakemoto, S. Sato, F. Yokotani, S. Ishihara, and Y. Matsuo, “Polystyrene derivative films for liquid crystal alignment,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. (Phila. Pa.) 180, 223–232 (1990).

Jang, H. W.

H. J. Lee, H. Nam, J. D. Lee, H. W. Jang, M. S. Song, B. S. Kim, J. S. Gu, C. Y. Park, and K. H. Choi, “A High Resolution Autostereoscopic Display Employing a Time Division Parallax Barrier,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers37, 81–84 (2006).
[Crossref]

Jeng, Y.-S.

Y.-J. Wu, Y.-S. Jeng, P.-C. Yeh, C.-J. Hu, and W.-M. Huang, “Stereoscopic 3D Display using Patterned Retarder,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers39, 260–263 (2008).

Jeon, W.

S.-M. Jung, Y.-B. Lee, H.-J. Park, J.-W. Park, W. Jeon, S.-K. Choi, D.-H. Lee, W.-N. Jeong, and J.-H. Kim, “Polarizer Glasses Type 3-D TVs having High Image Quality with Active Retarder 3-D Technology,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers42, 168–170 (2011).
[Crossref]

Jeong, W.-N.

H. Kang, S.-D. Roh, I.-S. Baik, H.-J. Jung, W.-N. Jeong, J.-K. Shin, and I.-J. Chung, “A Novel Polarizer Glasses-type 3D Display with a Patterned Retarder,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers41, 1–4 (2010).
[Crossref]

S.-M. Jung, Y.-B. Lee, H.-J. Park, J.-W. Park, W. Jeon, S.-K. Choi, D.-H. Lee, W.-N. Jeong, and J.-H. Kim, “Polarizer Glasses Type 3-D TVs having High Image Quality with Active Retarder 3-D Technology,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers42, 168–170 (2011).
[Crossref]

Jung, H.-J.

H. Kang, S.-D. Roh, I.-S. Baik, H.-J. Jung, W.-N. Jeong, J.-K. Shin, and I.-J. Chung, “A Novel Polarizer Glasses-type 3D Display with a Patterned Retarder,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers41, 1–4 (2010).
[Crossref]

Jung, J. C.

S. G. Hahm, T. J. Lee, T. H. Chang, J. C. Jung, W. C. Zin, and M. H. Ree, “Unusual Alignment of Liquid Crystals on Rubbed Films of Polyimide with Fluorenyl Side Groups,” Macromolecules 39(16), 5385–5392 (2006).
[Crossref]

Jung, S.-M.

S.-M. Jung, Y.-B. Lee, H.-J. Park, J.-W. Park, W. Jeon, S.-K. Choi, D.-H. Lee, W.-N. Jeong, and J.-H. Kim, “Polarizer Glasses Type 3-D TVs having High Image Quality with Active Retarder 3-D Technology,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers42, 168–170 (2011).
[Crossref]

Kang, H.

H. Kang, S.-D. Roh, I.-S. Baik, H.-J. Jung, W.-N. Jeong, J.-K. Shin, and I.-J. Chung, “A Novel Polarizer Glasses-type 3D Display with a Patterned Retarder,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers41, 1–4 (2010).
[Crossref]

Kao, Y.-Y.

Y.-Y. Kao, Y.-P. Huang, K. X. Yang, P. C. P. Chao, C. C. Tsai, and C. N. Mo, “An Auto-Stereoscopic 3D Display Using Tunable Liquid Crystal Lens Array that Mimics Effects of GRIN Lenticular Lens Array,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers40, 111–114 (2009).

Kim, B. S.

H. J. Lee, H. Nam, J. D. Lee, H. W. Jang, M. S. Song, B. S. Kim, J. S. Gu, C. Y. Park, and K. H. Choi, “A High Resolution Autostereoscopic Display Employing a Time Division Parallax Barrier,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers37, 81–84 (2006).
[Crossref]

Kim, B.-S.

B.-S. Kim, H. Lee, and W.-Y. Kim, “Rapid Eye Detection Method for Non-Glasses Type 3D Display on Portable Devices,” IEEE Trans. Consum. Electron. 56(4), 2498–2505 (2010).
[Crossref]

Kim, D. G.

S. S. Kim, B. H. You, H. Choi, B. H. Berkeley, D. G. Kim, and N. D. Kim, “World’s First 240Hz TFT-LCD Technology for Full-HD LCD-TV and Its application to 3D Display,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers40, 424–427 (2009).

Kim, H.

Kim, J.-H.

S.-M. Jung, Y.-B. Lee, H.-J. Park, J.-W. Park, W. Jeon, S.-K. Choi, D.-H. Lee, W.-N. Jeong, and J.-H. Kim, “Polarizer Glasses Type 3-D TVs having High Image Quality with Active Retarder 3-D Technology,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers42, 168–170 (2011).
[Crossref]

Kim, N. D.

S. S. Kim, B. H. You, H. Choi, B. H. Berkeley, D. G. Kim, and N. D. Kim, “World’s First 240Hz TFT-LCD Technology for Full-HD LCD-TV and Its application to 3D Display,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers40, 424–427 (2009).

Kim, S. S.

S. S. Kim, B. H. You, H. Choi, B. H. Berkeley, D. G. Kim, and N. D. Kim, “World’s First 240Hz TFT-LCD Technology for Full-HD LCD-TV and Its application to 3D Display,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers40, 424–427 (2009).

Kim, W.-Y.

B.-S. Kim, H. Lee, and W.-Y. Kim, “Rapid Eye Detection Method for Non-Glasses Type 3D Display on Portable Devices,” IEEE Trans. Consum. Electron. 56(4), 2498–2505 (2010).
[Crossref]

Krijn, M. P. C. M.

O. H. Willemsen, S. T. De Zwart, M. G. H. Hiddink, D. K. G. De Boer, and M. P. C. M. Krijn, “Multi-view 3D Display,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers38, 1154–1157 (2007).

Langendijk, E. H. A.

M. Hammer and E. H. A. Langendijk, “Reduced cross-talk in shutter-glass-based stereoscopic LCD,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 18(8), 577–582 (2010).
[Crossref]

Lee, B.

Lee, D.-H.

S.-M. Jung, Y.-B. Lee, H.-J. Park, J.-W. Park, W. Jeon, S.-K. Choi, D.-H. Lee, W.-N. Jeong, and J.-H. Kim, “Polarizer Glasses Type 3-D TVs having High Image Quality with Active Retarder 3-D Technology,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers42, 168–170 (2011).
[Crossref]

Lee, G.-D.

B.-J. Mun and G.-D. Lee, “Optical Structure for a Three-dimensional Liquid-crystal Cell Using a Wide-band and Wide-view Half-wave Retarder,” J. Korean Phys. Soc. 62(1), 40–47 (2013).
[Crossref]

Lee, H.

B.-S. Kim, H. Lee, and W.-Y. Kim, “Rapid Eye Detection Method for Non-Glasses Type 3D Display on Portable Devices,” IEEE Trans. Consum. Electron. 56(4), 2498–2505 (2010).
[Crossref]

Lee, H. J.

H. J. Lee, H. Nam, J. D. Lee, H. W. Jang, M. S. Song, B. S. Kim, J. S. Gu, C. Y. Park, and K. H. Choi, “A High Resolution Autostereoscopic Display Employing a Time Division Parallax Barrier,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers37, 81–84 (2006).
[Crossref]

Lee, J. D.

H. J. Lee, H. Nam, J. D. Lee, H. W. Jang, M. S. Song, B. S. Kim, J. S. Gu, C. Y. Park, and K. H. Choi, “A High Resolution Autostereoscopic Display Employing a Time Division Parallax Barrier,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers37, 81–84 (2006).
[Crossref]

Lee, T. J.

S. G. Hahm, T. J. Lee, T. H. Chang, J. C. Jung, W. C. Zin, and M. H. Ree, “Unusual Alignment of Liquid Crystals on Rubbed Films of Polyimide with Fluorenyl Side Groups,” Macromolecules 39(16), 5385–5392 (2006).
[Crossref]

Lee, Y.-B.

S.-M. Jung, Y.-B. Lee, H.-J. Park, J.-W. Park, W. Jeon, S.-K. Choi, D.-H. Lee, W.-N. Jeong, and J.-H. Kim, “Polarizer Glasses Type 3-D TVs having High Image Quality with Active Retarder 3-D Technology,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers42, 168–170 (2011).
[Crossref]

Li, D.

Li, D. H.

Q. H. Wang, Y. H. Tao, D. H. Li, R.-L. Zhao, and W.-X. Zhao, “3D Autostereoscopic Liquid Crystal Display Based on Lenticular Len,” Chin. J. Electron Dev. 31, 296–298 (2008).

Lin, H.-T.

S.-C. Lin, H.-T. Lin, and C.-C. Chiu, “Improvement in the 3D Image Crosstalk on Double-Layer Liquid-Crystal 3D Display,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers42, 1113–1115 (2011).
[Crossref]

Lin, S.-C.

S.-C. Lin, H.-T. Lin, and C.-C. Chiu, “Improvement in the 3D Image Crosstalk on Double-Layer Liquid-Crystal 3D Display,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers42, 1113–1115 (2011).
[Crossref]

Matsuo, Y.

K. Nakajima, H. Wakemoto, S. Sato, F. Yokotani, S. Ishihara, and Y. Matsuo, “Polystyrene derivative films for liquid crystal alignment,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. (Phila. Pa.) 180, 223–232 (1990).

Matsushima, J.

H. Okumura, J. Matsushima, H. Tanabe, and H. Asada, “Novel Lenticular Lens Fabrication Method on Glass by Using Ink-Jet Printing,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers42, 1364–1367 (2011).

Mo, C. N.

Y.-Y. Kao, Y.-P. Huang, K. X. Yang, P. C. P. Chao, C. C. Tsai, and C. N. Mo, “An Auto-Stereoscopic 3D Display Using Tunable Liquid Crystal Lens Array that Mimics Effects of GRIN Lenticular Lens Array,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers40, 111–114 (2009).

Mun, B.-J.

B.-J. Mun and G.-D. Lee, “Optical Structure for a Three-dimensional Liquid-crystal Cell Using a Wide-band and Wide-view Half-wave Retarder,” J. Korean Phys. Soc. 62(1), 40–47 (2013).
[Crossref]

Nakajima, K.

K. Nakajima, H. Wakemoto, S. Sato, F. Yokotani, S. Ishihara, and Y. Matsuo, “Polystyrene derivative films for liquid crystal alignment,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. (Phila. Pa.) 180, 223–232 (1990).

Nakao, K.

J. C. Schultz, R. Brott, M. Sykora, W. Bryan, T. Fukamib, K. Nakao, and A. Takimoto, “Full Resolution Autostereoscopoic 3D Display for Mobile Applications,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers40, 127–130 (2009).

Nam, H.

H. J. Lee, H. Nam, J. D. Lee, H. W. Jang, M. S. Song, B. S. Kim, J. S. Gu, C. Y. Park, and K. H. Choi, “A High Resolution Autostereoscopic Display Employing a Time Division Parallax Barrier,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers37, 81–84 (2006).
[Crossref]

Okumura, H.

H. Okumura, J. Matsushima, H. Tanabe, and H. Asada, “Novel Lenticular Lens Fabrication Method on Glass by Using Ink-Jet Printing,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers42, 1364–1367 (2011).

Park, C. Y.

H. J. Lee, H. Nam, J. D. Lee, H. W. Jang, M. S. Song, B. S. Kim, J. S. Gu, C. Y. Park, and K. H. Choi, “A High Resolution Autostereoscopic Display Employing a Time Division Parallax Barrier,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers37, 81–84 (2006).
[Crossref]

Park, H.-J.

S.-M. Jung, Y.-B. Lee, H.-J. Park, J.-W. Park, W. Jeon, S.-K. Choi, D.-H. Lee, W.-N. Jeong, and J.-H. Kim, “Polarizer Glasses Type 3-D TVs having High Image Quality with Active Retarder 3-D Technology,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers42, 168–170 (2011).
[Crossref]

Park, J.-W.

S.-M. Jung, Y.-B. Lee, H.-J. Park, J.-W. Park, W. Jeon, S.-K. Choi, D.-H. Lee, W.-N. Jeong, and J.-H. Kim, “Polarizer Glasses Type 3-D TVs having High Image Quality with Active Retarder 3-D Technology,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers42, 168–170 (2011).
[Crossref]

Ree, M. H.

S. G. Hahm, T. J. Lee, T. H. Chang, J. C. Jung, W. C. Zin, and M. H. Ree, “Unusual Alignment of Liquid Crystals on Rubbed Films of Polyimide with Fluorenyl Side Groups,” Macromolecules 39(16), 5385–5392 (2006).
[Crossref]

Roh, S.-D.

H. Kang, S.-D. Roh, I.-S. Baik, H.-J. Jung, W.-N. Jeong, J.-K. Shin, and I.-J. Chung, “A Novel Polarizer Glasses-type 3D Display with a Patterned Retarder,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers41, 1–4 (2010).
[Crossref]

Sato, S.

K. Nakajima, H. Wakemoto, S. Sato, F. Yokotani, S. Ishihara, and Y. Matsuo, “Polystyrene derivative films for liquid crystal alignment,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. (Phila. Pa.) 180, 223–232 (1990).

Schultz, J.

R. Brott and J. Schultz, “Directional Backlight Lightguide Considerations for Full Resolution Autostereoscopic 3D Displays”, SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers41, 218–221 (2010).
[Crossref]

Schultz, J. C.

J. C. Schultz, R. Brott, M. Sykora, W. Bryan, T. Fukamib, K. Nakao, and A. Takimoto, “Full Resolution Autostereoscopoic 3D Display for Mobile Applications,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers40, 127–130 (2009).

Shen, T.-C.

Y.-P. Huang, C.-W. Chen, and T.-C. Shen, “High Resolution Autostereoscopic 3D Display with Scanning Multi-Electrode Driving Liquid Crystal (MeD-LC) Lens,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers40, 336–339 (2009).
[Crossref]

Shin, J.-K.

H. Kang, S.-D. Roh, I.-S. Baik, H.-J. Jung, W.-N. Jeong, J.-K. Shin, and I.-J. Chung, “A Novel Polarizer Glasses-type 3D Display with a Patterned Retarder,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers41, 1–4 (2010).
[Crossref]

Song, M. S.

H. J. Lee, H. Nam, J. D. Lee, H. W. Jang, M. S. Song, B. S. Kim, J. S. Gu, C. Y. Park, and K. H. Choi, “A High Resolution Autostereoscopic Display Employing a Time Division Parallax Barrier,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers37, 81–84 (2006).
[Crossref]

Sykora, M.

J. C. Schultz, R. Brott, M. Sykora, W. Bryan, T. Fukamib, K. Nakao, and A. Takimoto, “Full Resolution Autostereoscopoic 3D Display for Mobile Applications,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers40, 127–130 (2009).

Takimoto, A.

J. C. Schultz, R. Brott, M. Sykora, W. Bryan, T. Fukamib, K. Nakao, and A. Takimoto, “Full Resolution Autostereoscopoic 3D Display for Mobile Applications,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers40, 127–130 (2009).

Tanabe, H.

H. Okumura, J. Matsushima, H. Tanabe, and H. Asada, “Novel Lenticular Lens Fabrication Method on Glass by Using Ink-Jet Printing,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers42, 1364–1367 (2011).

Tao, Y.

Tao, Y. H.

Q. H. Wang, Y. H. Tao, D. H. Li, R.-L. Zhao, and W.-X. Zhao, “3D Autostereoscopic Liquid Crystal Display Based on Lenticular Len,” Chin. J. Electron Dev. 31, 296–298 (2008).

Tsai, C. C.

Y.-Y. Kao, Y.-P. Huang, K. X. Yang, P. C. P. Chao, C. C. Tsai, and C. N. Mo, “An Auto-Stereoscopic 3D Display Using Tunable Liquid Crystal Lens Array that Mimics Effects of GRIN Lenticular Lens Array,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers40, 111–114 (2009).

Wakemoto, H.

K. Nakajima, H. Wakemoto, S. Sato, F. Yokotani, S. Ishihara, and Y. Matsuo, “Polystyrene derivative films for liquid crystal alignment,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. (Phila. Pa.) 180, 223–232 (1990).

Wang, Q.

Wang, Q. H.

Q. H. Wang, Y. H. Tao, D. H. Li, R.-L. Zhao, and W.-X. Zhao, “3D Autostereoscopic Liquid Crystal Display Based on Lenticular Len,” Chin. J. Electron Dev. 31, 296–298 (2008).

Willemsen, O. H.

O. H. Willemsen, S. T. De Zwart, M. G. H. Hiddink, D. K. G. De Boer, and M. P. C. M. Krijn, “Multi-view 3D Display,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers38, 1154–1157 (2007).

Wu, Y.-J.

Y.-J. Wu, Y.-S. Jeng, P.-C. Yeh, C.-J. Hu, and W.-M. Huang, “Stereoscopic 3D Display using Patterned Retarder,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers39, 260–263 (2008).

Yang, K. X.

Y.-Y. Kao, Y.-P. Huang, K. X. Yang, P. C. P. Chao, C. C. Tsai, and C. N. Mo, “An Auto-Stereoscopic 3D Display Using Tunable Liquid Crystal Lens Array that Mimics Effects of GRIN Lenticular Lens Array,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers40, 111–114 (2009).

Yeh, P.-C.

Y.-J. Wu, Y.-S. Jeng, P.-C. Yeh, C.-J. Hu, and W.-M. Huang, “Stereoscopic 3D Display using Patterned Retarder,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers39, 260–263 (2008).

Yokotani, F.

K. Nakajima, H. Wakemoto, S. Sato, F. Yokotani, S. Ishihara, and Y. Matsuo, “Polystyrene derivative films for liquid crystal alignment,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. (Phila. Pa.) 180, 223–232 (1990).

You, B. H.

S. S. Kim, B. H. You, H. Choi, B. H. Berkeley, D. G. Kim, and N. D. Kim, “World’s First 240Hz TFT-LCD Technology for Full-HD LCD-TV and Its application to 3D Display,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers40, 424–427 (2009).

Zhao, R.-L.

Q. H. Wang, Y. H. Tao, D. H. Li, R.-L. Zhao, and W.-X. Zhao, “3D Autostereoscopic Liquid Crystal Display Based on Lenticular Len,” Chin. J. Electron Dev. 31, 296–298 (2008).

Zhao, W.

Zhao, W.-X.

Q. H. Wang, Y. H. Tao, D. H. Li, R.-L. Zhao, and W.-X. Zhao, “3D Autostereoscopic Liquid Crystal Display Based on Lenticular Len,” Chin. J. Electron Dev. 31, 296–298 (2008).

Zin, W. C.

S. G. Hahm, T. J. Lee, T. H. Chang, J. C. Jung, W. C. Zin, and M. H. Ree, “Unusual Alignment of Liquid Crystals on Rubbed Films of Polyimide with Fluorenyl Side Groups,” Macromolecules 39(16), 5385–5392 (2006).
[Crossref]

Chin. J. Electron Dev. (1)

Q. H. Wang, Y. H. Tao, D. H. Li, R.-L. Zhao, and W.-X. Zhao, “3D Autostereoscopic Liquid Crystal Display Based on Lenticular Len,” Chin. J. Electron Dev. 31, 296–298 (2008).

Chin. Opt. Lett. (1)

IEEE Trans. Consum. Electron. (1)

B.-S. Kim, H. Lee, and W.-Y. Kim, “Rapid Eye Detection Method for Non-Glasses Type 3D Display on Portable Devices,” IEEE Trans. Consum. Electron. 56(4), 2498–2505 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. Korean Phys. Soc. (1)

B.-J. Mun and G.-D. Lee, “Optical Structure for a Three-dimensional Liquid-crystal Cell Using a Wide-band and Wide-view Half-wave Retarder,” J. Korean Phys. Soc. 62(1), 40–47 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Soc. Inf. Disp. (1)

M. Hammer and E. H. A. Langendijk, “Reduced cross-talk in shutter-glass-based stereoscopic LCD,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 18(8), 577–582 (2010).
[Crossref]

Macromolecules (1)

S. G. Hahm, T. J. Lee, T. H. Chang, J. C. Jung, W. C. Zin, and M. H. Ree, “Unusual Alignment of Liquid Crystals on Rubbed Films of Polyimide with Fluorenyl Side Groups,” Macromolecules 39(16), 5385–5392 (2006).
[Crossref]

Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. (Phila. Pa.) (1)

K. Nakajima, H. Wakemoto, S. Sato, F. Yokotani, S. Ishihara, and Y. Matsuo, “Polystyrene derivative films for liquid crystal alignment,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. (Phila. Pa.) 180, 223–232 (1990).

Opt. Express (1)

Other (15)

H. J. Lee, H. Nam, J. D. Lee, H. W. Jang, M. S. Song, B. S. Kim, J. S. Gu, C. Y. Park, and K. H. Choi, “A High Resolution Autostereoscopic Display Employing a Time Division Parallax Barrier,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers37, 81–84 (2006).
[Crossref]

O. H. Willemsen, S. T. De Zwart, M. G. H. Hiddink, D. K. G. De Boer, and M. P. C. M. Krijn, “Multi-view 3D Display,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers38, 1154–1157 (2007).

S. S. Kim, B. H. You, H. Choi, B. H. Berkeley, D. G. Kim, and N. D. Kim, “World’s First 240Hz TFT-LCD Technology for Full-HD LCD-TV and Its application to 3D Display,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers40, 424–427 (2009).

J.-C. Liou, K. Lee, and F.-G. Tseng, “LED scanning backlight stereoscopic display with shutter glasses,” Proc. of the 8th International Meeting on Information Display (Society for Information Display, Ilsan, Korea), 710–713 (2008).

J. C. Schultz, R. Brott, M. Sykora, W. Bryan, T. Fukamib, K. Nakao, and A. Takimoto, “Full Resolution Autostereoscopoic 3D Display for Mobile Applications,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers40, 127–130 (2009).

Y.-Y. Kao, Y.-P. Huang, K. X. Yang, P. C. P. Chao, C. C. Tsai, and C. N. Mo, “An Auto-Stereoscopic 3D Display Using Tunable Liquid Crystal Lens Array that Mimics Effects of GRIN Lenticular Lens Array,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers40, 111–114 (2009).

Y.-P. Huang, C.-W. Chen, and T.-C. Shen, “High Resolution Autostereoscopic 3D Display with Scanning Multi-Electrode Driving Liquid Crystal (MeD-LC) Lens,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers40, 336–339 (2009).
[Crossref]

R. Brott and J. Schultz, “Directional Backlight Lightguide Considerations for Full Resolution Autostereoscopic 3D Displays”, SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers41, 218–221 (2010).
[Crossref]

Y.-J. Wu, Y.-S. Jeng, P.-C. Yeh, C.-J. Hu, and W.-M. Huang, “Stereoscopic 3D Display using Patterned Retarder,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers39, 260–263 (2008).

H. Kang, S.-D. Roh, I.-S. Baik, H.-J. Jung, W.-N. Jeong, J.-K. Shin, and I.-J. Chung, “A Novel Polarizer Glasses-type 3D Display with a Patterned Retarder,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers41, 1–4 (2010).
[Crossref]

H. Hong, D. Lee, J. Jang, and M. Lim, “Analysis of Dependence of user position and eyeglass on the performance of stereoscopic 3D of patterned retarder method,” Proc. of the 9th International Meeting on Information Display (Society for Information Display, Ilsan, Korea), 1010–1013 (2009).

S.-M. Jung, Y.-B. Lee, H.-J. Park, J.-W. Park, W. Jeon, S.-K. Choi, D.-H. Lee, W.-N. Jeong, and J.-H. Kim, “Polarizer Glasses Type 3-D TVs having High Image Quality with Active Retarder 3-D Technology,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers42, 168–170 (2011).
[Crossref]

S.-C. Lin, H.-T. Lin, and C.-C. Chiu, “Improvement in the 3D Image Crosstalk on Double-Layer Liquid-Crystal 3D Display,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers42, 1113–1115 (2011).
[Crossref]

Y. Yoshihara, H. Ujike, and T. Tanabe, “3D Crosstalk of Stereoscopic (3D) Display using Patterned Retaredr and Corresponding Glasses,” Proc. of the 15th International Display Workshop (Society for Information Display, Niigata, Japan), 1135–1138 (2008).

H. Okumura, J. Matsushima, H. Tanabe, and H. Asada, “Novel Lenticular Lens Fabrication Method on Glass by Using Ink-Jet Printing,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers42, 1364–1367 (2011).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Comparison of processes for forming patterned retarder on film substrate: (a) a conventional process and (b) proposed ink-jet printing process. Here, orange and green colors are photo and orthogonal alignment layers, respectively.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 POM images of a polymerized RM formed on (a) PS and (b) 9FDA/CBDA after rubbing process using glass substrate.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Optical microscopic images of the 9FDA/CBDA formed on PES film with UV surface treatment: (a) width and (b) line spacing of the 9FDA/CBDA lines.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 POM images of a polymerized RM on surfaces of the 9FDA/CBDA and the PES film. The rubbing direction is parallel (a) and makes 45° (b) to the crossed polarizer. The λ/4 film is inserted into between the polarizer and the FPR while the FPR is rotated clockwise (c) and anticlockwise (d), where the bright state is observed in the region with the 9FDA/CBDA (c) and the PES film (d), respectively.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Macroscopic images of the FPR with insertion of λ/4 films between crossed polarizers. When an angle between the slow axis of the λ/4 films and the rubbing direction is (a) 0° and (b) 90°, the dark and bright lines in the odd and even columns change to the bright and dark lines, respectively. Total area of the FPR is 3.8cm x 4cm and a defect in a center area is associated with handling mistakes during fabrication.

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