Abstract

We demonstrate a linear cavity fiber optical parametric oscillator with extended pump-signal separation of 14.3 THz (116 nm). The signal laser is provided by a pair of 1675nm fiber Bragg gratings and a tunable idler from 1456.12 nm to 1462.48 nm is generated by detuning the pump wavelength in the anomalous dispersion regime of a highly nonlinear fiber. At such large pump-signal separation, we are still able to record a parametric conversion efficiency of more than −35 dB and idler optical signal-to-noise-ratio of 50 dB on average. The stability of the lasing signal and idler is examined and result shows both signal and idler peak power fluctuation is less than 1 dB over a period of 30 minutes.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. M. E. Marhic, Fiber Optical Parametric Amplifiers, Oscillators and Related Devices (Cambridge University, 2008).
  2. M. E. Marhic, K. K.-Y. Wong, and L. G. Kazovsky, “Wide-band tuning of the gain spectra of one-pump fiber optical parametric amplifiers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10(5), 1133–1141 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  3. M. Hirano, T. Nakanishi, T. Okuno, and M. Onishi, “Silica-based highly nonlinear fibers and their application,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(1), 103–113 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  4. K. K.-Y. Wong, K. Shimizu, K. Uesaka, G. Kalogerakis, M. E. Marhic, and L. G. Kazovsky, “Continuous-wave fiber optical parametric amplifier with 60-dB gain using a novel two-segment design,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(12), 1707–1709 (2003).
    [Crossref]
  5. T. Torounidis, P. A. Andrekson, and B.-E. Olsson, “Fiber-optical parametric amplifier with 70-dB gain,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(10), 1194–1196 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  6. T. Torounidis and P. Andrekson, “Broadband single-pumped fiber-optic parametric amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(9), 650–652 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  7. M.-C. Ho, K. Uesaka, M. Marhic, Y. Akasaka, and L. G. Kazovsky, “200-nm-bandwidth fiber optical amplifier combining parametric and Raman gain,” J. Lightwave Technol. 19(7), 977–981 (2001).
    [Crossref]
  8. J. M. Chavez Boggio, S. Moro, E. Myslivets, J. R. Windmiller, N. Alic, and S. Radic, “155-nm continuous-wave two-pump parametric amplification,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(10), 612–614 (2009).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
  11. G. K. P. Lei, L. T. Lim, and M. E. Marhic, “Continuous-wave fiber optical parametric oscillator with sub-MHz linewidth,” Opt. Commun. 306, 17–20 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  12. S. Yang, K. K. Y. Cheung, Y. Zhou, and K. K. Y. Wong, “Tunable single-longitudinal-mode fiber optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 35(4), 481–483 (2010).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  13. S. Yang, Y. Zhou, J. Li, and K. K. Wong, “Actively mode-locked fiber optical parametric oscillator,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(2), 393–398 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  14. M. E. Marhic, K. K.-Y. Wong, L. G. Kazovsky, and T.-E. Tsai, “Continuous-wave fiber optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 27(16), 1439–1441 (2002).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  15. Y. Q. Xu, S. G. Murdoch, R. Leonhardt, and J. D. Harvey, “Raman-assisted continuous-wave tunable all-fiber optical parametric oscillator,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 26(7), 1351–1356 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  16. A. S. Y. Hsieh, S. G. Murdoch, S. Coen, R. Leonhardt, and J. D. Harvey, “Influence of Raman susceptibility on optical parametric amplification in optical fibers,” Opt. Lett. 32(5), 521–523 (2007).
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  17. A. S. Y. Hsieh, G. K. L. Wong, S. G. Murdoch, S. Coen, F. Vanholsbeeck, R. Leonhardt, and J. D. Harvey, “Combined effect of Raman and parametric gain on single-pump parametric amplifiers,” Opt. Express 15(13), 8104–8114 (2007).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  18. R. Malik and M. E. Marhic, “Continuous wave fiber optical parametric oscillator with 254 nm tuning range,” in Latin America Optics and Photonics Conference, OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper MD1.
    [Crossref]
  19. R. H. Stolen and J. E. Bjorkholm, “Parametric amplification and frequency conversion in optical fibers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 18(7), 1062–1072 (1982).
    [Crossref]

2013 (1)

G. K. P. Lei, L. T. Lim, and M. E. Marhic, “Continuous-wave fiber optical parametric oscillator with sub-MHz linewidth,” Opt. Commun. 306, 17–20 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (1)

2010 (2)

2009 (4)

J. M. Chavez Boggio, S. Moro, E. Myslivets, J. R. Windmiller, N. Alic, and S. Radic, “155-nm continuous-wave two-pump parametric amplification,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(10), 612–614 (2009).
[Crossref]

M. Hirano, T. Nakanishi, T. Okuno, and M. Onishi, “Silica-based highly nonlinear fibers and their application,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(1), 103–113 (2009).
[Crossref]

S. Yang, Y. Zhou, J. Li, and K. K. Wong, “Actively mode-locked fiber optical parametric oscillator,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(2), 393–398 (2009).
[Crossref]

Y. Q. Xu, S. G. Murdoch, R. Leonhardt, and J. D. Harvey, “Raman-assisted continuous-wave tunable all-fiber optical parametric oscillator,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 26(7), 1351–1356 (2009).
[Crossref]

2007 (3)

2006 (1)

T. Torounidis, P. A. Andrekson, and B.-E. Olsson, “Fiber-optical parametric amplifier with 70-dB gain,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(10), 1194–1196 (2006).
[Crossref]

2004 (1)

M. E. Marhic, K. K.-Y. Wong, and L. G. Kazovsky, “Wide-band tuning of the gain spectra of one-pump fiber optical parametric amplifiers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10(5), 1133–1141 (2004).
[Crossref]

2003 (1)

K. K.-Y. Wong, K. Shimizu, K. Uesaka, G. Kalogerakis, M. E. Marhic, and L. G. Kazovsky, “Continuous-wave fiber optical parametric amplifier with 60-dB gain using a novel two-segment design,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(12), 1707–1709 (2003).
[Crossref]

2002 (1)

2001 (1)

1982 (1)

R. H. Stolen and J. E. Bjorkholm, “Parametric amplification and frequency conversion in optical fibers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 18(7), 1062–1072 (1982).
[Crossref]

Akasaka, Y.

Alic, N.

J. M. Chavez Boggio, S. Moro, E. Myslivets, J. R. Windmiller, N. Alic, and S. Radic, “155-nm continuous-wave two-pump parametric amplification,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(10), 612–614 (2009).
[Crossref]

Andrekson, P.

T. Torounidis and P. Andrekson, “Broadband single-pumped fiber-optic parametric amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(9), 650–652 (2007).
[Crossref]

Andrekson, P. A.

T. Torounidis, P. A. Andrekson, and B.-E. Olsson, “Fiber-optical parametric amplifier with 70-dB gain,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(10), 1194–1196 (2006).
[Crossref]

Bjorkholm, J. E.

R. H. Stolen and J. E. Bjorkholm, “Parametric amplification and frequency conversion in optical fibers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 18(7), 1062–1072 (1982).
[Crossref]

Chavez Boggio, J. M.

J. M. Chavez Boggio, S. Moro, E. Myslivets, J. R. Windmiller, N. Alic, and S. Radic, “155-nm continuous-wave two-pump parametric amplification,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(10), 612–614 (2009).
[Crossref]

Chen, D.

Cheung, K. K. Y.

Coen, S.

Gao, S.

Harvey, J. D.

He, S.

Hirano, M.

M. Hirano, T. Nakanishi, T. Okuno, and M. Onishi, “Silica-based highly nonlinear fibers and their application,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(1), 103–113 (2009).
[Crossref]

Ho, M.-C.

Hsieh, A. S. Y.

Hu, K.

Kalogerakis, G.

K. K.-Y. Wong, K. Shimizu, K. Uesaka, G. Kalogerakis, M. E. Marhic, and L. G. Kazovsky, “Continuous-wave fiber optical parametric amplifier with 60-dB gain using a novel two-segment design,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(12), 1707–1709 (2003).
[Crossref]

Kazovsky, L. G.

M. E. Marhic, K. K.-Y. Wong, and L. G. Kazovsky, “Wide-band tuning of the gain spectra of one-pump fiber optical parametric amplifiers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10(5), 1133–1141 (2004).
[Crossref]

K. K.-Y. Wong, K. Shimizu, K. Uesaka, G. Kalogerakis, M. E. Marhic, and L. G. Kazovsky, “Continuous-wave fiber optical parametric amplifier with 60-dB gain using a novel two-segment design,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(12), 1707–1709 (2003).
[Crossref]

M. E. Marhic, K. K.-Y. Wong, L. G. Kazovsky, and T.-E. Tsai, “Continuous-wave fiber optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 27(16), 1439–1441 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M.-C. Ho, K. Uesaka, M. Marhic, Y. Akasaka, and L. G. Kazovsky, “200-nm-bandwidth fiber optical amplifier combining parametric and Raman gain,” J. Lightwave Technol. 19(7), 977–981 (2001).
[Crossref]

Lei, G. K. P.

G. K. P. Lei, L. T. Lim, and M. E. Marhic, “Continuous-wave fiber optical parametric oscillator with sub-MHz linewidth,” Opt. Commun. 306, 17–20 (2013).
[Crossref]

Leonhardt, R.

Li, J.

S. Yang, Y. Zhou, J. Li, and K. K. Wong, “Actively mode-locked fiber optical parametric oscillator,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(2), 393–398 (2009).
[Crossref]

Lim, L. T.

G. K. P. Lei, L. T. Lim, and M. E. Marhic, “Continuous-wave fiber optical parametric oscillator with sub-MHz linewidth,” Opt. Commun. 306, 17–20 (2013).
[Crossref]

Marhic, M.

Marhic, M. E.

G. K. P. Lei, L. T. Lim, and M. E. Marhic, “Continuous-wave fiber optical parametric oscillator with sub-MHz linewidth,” Opt. Commun. 306, 17–20 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. E. Marhic, K. K.-Y. Wong, and L. G. Kazovsky, “Wide-band tuning of the gain spectra of one-pump fiber optical parametric amplifiers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10(5), 1133–1141 (2004).
[Crossref]

K. K.-Y. Wong, K. Shimizu, K. Uesaka, G. Kalogerakis, M. E. Marhic, and L. G. Kazovsky, “Continuous-wave fiber optical parametric amplifier with 60-dB gain using a novel two-segment design,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(12), 1707–1709 (2003).
[Crossref]

M. E. Marhic, K. K.-Y. Wong, L. G. Kazovsky, and T.-E. Tsai, “Continuous-wave fiber optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 27(16), 1439–1441 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Moro, S.

J. M. Chavez Boggio, S. Moro, E. Myslivets, J. R. Windmiller, N. Alic, and S. Radic, “155-nm continuous-wave two-pump parametric amplification,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(10), 612–614 (2009).
[Crossref]

Murdoch, S. G.

Myslivets, E.

J. M. Chavez Boggio, S. Moro, E. Myslivets, J. R. Windmiller, N. Alic, and S. Radic, “155-nm continuous-wave two-pump parametric amplification,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(10), 612–614 (2009).
[Crossref]

Nakanishi, T.

M. Hirano, T. Nakanishi, T. Okuno, and M. Onishi, “Silica-based highly nonlinear fibers and their application,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(1), 103–113 (2009).
[Crossref]

Okuno, T.

M. Hirano, T. Nakanishi, T. Okuno, and M. Onishi, “Silica-based highly nonlinear fibers and their application,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(1), 103–113 (2009).
[Crossref]

Olsson, B.-E.

T. Torounidis, P. A. Andrekson, and B.-E. Olsson, “Fiber-optical parametric amplifier with 70-dB gain,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(10), 1194–1196 (2006).
[Crossref]

Onishi, M.

M. Hirano, T. Nakanishi, T. Okuno, and M. Onishi, “Silica-based highly nonlinear fibers and their application,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(1), 103–113 (2009).
[Crossref]

Radic, S.

J. M. Chavez Boggio, S. Moro, E. Myslivets, J. R. Windmiller, N. Alic, and S. Radic, “155-nm continuous-wave two-pump parametric amplification,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(10), 612–614 (2009).
[Crossref]

Shimizu, K.

K. K.-Y. Wong, K. Shimizu, K. Uesaka, G. Kalogerakis, M. E. Marhic, and L. G. Kazovsky, “Continuous-wave fiber optical parametric amplifier with 60-dB gain using a novel two-segment design,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(12), 1707–1709 (2003).
[Crossref]

Stolen, R. H.

R. H. Stolen and J. E. Bjorkholm, “Parametric amplification and frequency conversion in optical fibers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 18(7), 1062–1072 (1982).
[Crossref]

Sun, B.

Torounidis, T.

T. Torounidis and P. Andrekson, “Broadband single-pumped fiber-optic parametric amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(9), 650–652 (2007).
[Crossref]

T. Torounidis, P. A. Andrekson, and B.-E. Olsson, “Fiber-optical parametric amplifier with 70-dB gain,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(10), 1194–1196 (2006).
[Crossref]

Tsai, T.-E.

Uesaka, K.

K. K.-Y. Wong, K. Shimizu, K. Uesaka, G. Kalogerakis, M. E. Marhic, and L. G. Kazovsky, “Continuous-wave fiber optical parametric amplifier with 60-dB gain using a novel two-segment design,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(12), 1707–1709 (2003).
[Crossref]

M.-C. Ho, K. Uesaka, M. Marhic, Y. Akasaka, and L. G. Kazovsky, “200-nm-bandwidth fiber optical amplifier combining parametric and Raman gain,” J. Lightwave Technol. 19(7), 977–981 (2001).
[Crossref]

Vanholsbeeck, F.

Wei, Y.

Windmiller, J. R.

J. M. Chavez Boggio, S. Moro, E. Myslivets, J. R. Windmiller, N. Alic, and S. Radic, “155-nm continuous-wave two-pump parametric amplification,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(10), 612–614 (2009).
[Crossref]

Wong, G. K. L.

Wong, K. K.

S. Yang, Y. Zhou, J. Li, and K. K. Wong, “Actively mode-locked fiber optical parametric oscillator,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(2), 393–398 (2009).
[Crossref]

Wong, K. K. Y.

Wong, K. K.-Y.

M. E. Marhic, K. K.-Y. Wong, and L. G. Kazovsky, “Wide-band tuning of the gain spectra of one-pump fiber optical parametric amplifiers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10(5), 1133–1141 (2004).
[Crossref]

K. K.-Y. Wong, K. Shimizu, K. Uesaka, G. Kalogerakis, M. E. Marhic, and L. G. Kazovsky, “Continuous-wave fiber optical parametric amplifier with 60-dB gain using a novel two-segment design,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(12), 1707–1709 (2003).
[Crossref]

M. E. Marhic, K. K.-Y. Wong, L. G. Kazovsky, and T.-E. Tsai, “Continuous-wave fiber optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 27(16), 1439–1441 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xu, Y. Q.

Yang, S.

S. Yang, K. K. Y. Cheung, Y. Zhou, and K. K. Y. Wong, “Tunable single-longitudinal-mode fiber optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 35(4), 481–483 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Yang, Y. Zhou, J. Li, and K. K. Wong, “Actively mode-locked fiber optical parametric oscillator,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(2), 393–398 (2009).
[Crossref]

Zhou, Y.

S. Yang, K. K. Y. Cheung, Y. Zhou, and K. K. Y. Wong, “Tunable single-longitudinal-mode fiber optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 35(4), 481–483 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Yang, Y. Zhou, J. Li, and K. K. Wong, “Actively mode-locked fiber optical parametric oscillator,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(2), 393–398 (2009).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

R. H. Stolen and J. E. Bjorkholm, “Parametric amplification and frequency conversion in optical fibers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 18(7), 1062–1072 (1982).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (3)

M. E. Marhic, K. K.-Y. Wong, and L. G. Kazovsky, “Wide-band tuning of the gain spectra of one-pump fiber optical parametric amplifiers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10(5), 1133–1141 (2004).
[Crossref]

M. Hirano, T. Nakanishi, T. Okuno, and M. Onishi, “Silica-based highly nonlinear fibers and their application,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(1), 103–113 (2009).
[Crossref]

S. Yang, Y. Zhou, J. Li, and K. K. Wong, “Actively mode-locked fiber optical parametric oscillator,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(2), 393–398 (2009).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (4)

K. K.-Y. Wong, K. Shimizu, K. Uesaka, G. Kalogerakis, M. E. Marhic, and L. G. Kazovsky, “Continuous-wave fiber optical parametric amplifier with 60-dB gain using a novel two-segment design,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(12), 1707–1709 (2003).
[Crossref]

T. Torounidis, P. A. Andrekson, and B.-E. Olsson, “Fiber-optical parametric amplifier with 70-dB gain,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(10), 1194–1196 (2006).
[Crossref]

T. Torounidis and P. Andrekson, “Broadband single-pumped fiber-optic parametric amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(9), 650–652 (2007).
[Crossref]

J. M. Chavez Boggio, S. Moro, E. Myslivets, J. R. Windmiller, N. Alic, and S. Radic, “155-nm continuous-wave two-pump parametric amplification,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(10), 612–614 (2009).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Commun. (1)

G. K. P. Lei, L. T. Lim, and M. E. Marhic, “Continuous-wave fiber optical parametric oscillator with sub-MHz linewidth,” Opt. Commun. 306, 17–20 (2013).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Other (2)

M. E. Marhic, Fiber Optical Parametric Amplifiers, Oscillators and Related Devices (Cambridge University, 2008).

R. Malik and M. E. Marhic, “Continuous wave fiber optical parametric oscillator with 254 nm tuning range,” in Latin America Optics and Photonics Conference, OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper MD1.
[Crossref]

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Experimental setup of the proposed FOPO in a linear cavity.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Output spectrum of oscillator when pumped at 1559 nm with pump power of 500 mW at point “x”.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Measurement of signal and idler average power corresponding to the increment of pump power from 0.2 W to 0.9 W.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 (a) Idlers tunability from 1456.12 nm (black line in left) to 1462.48 nm (dashed line in right) when detuning the pump wavelength from 1558 nm to 1561.6 nm at pump power of 400 mW, and (b) average power of the idlers and their calculated conversion efficiency.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 (a) Output spectra of fiber OPO at pump wavelength, λp = 1559 nm scanned for a time period of 30 minutes and (b) the peak power fluctuation during the scanning.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Measured output spectra without FBGs pair when tuning the TLS signal wavelength to (a) 1485 nm, (b) 1640 nm, and (c) 1457 nm.

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