Abstract

A power-interrogated sensor which allows for simultaneous measurement of temperature and torsion is proposed and experimentally demonstrated, which is based on utilization of paired helical long-period fiber gratings (HLPG) with opposite helicities. Unlike most of the previous fiber grating-based sensing system, here the paired HLPGs are simultaneously used as both the sensing and the interrogating elements and thus the bulk and high-cost wavelength-interrogating device can be eliminated. Moreover not only the torsion but also the torsion direction can be determined simultaneously. The temperature sensitivity obtained is estimated to be ~41 pm/°C within a range of 20-150 °C, and the torsion responsivities obtained are ~-1.414 nm/rad/m and ~1.276 nm/rad/m, respectively within a rotation angle of −360°~360°.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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References

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2013 (1)

2012 (1)

2011 (2)

Y. Wang, D. Richardson, G. Brambilla, X. Feng, M. Petrovich, M. Ding, and Z. Song, “Intensity measurement bend sensors based on periodically tapered soft glass fibers,” Opt. Lett. 36(4), 558–560 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Zu, C. C. Chan, Y. X. Jin, T. X. Gong, Y. F. Zhang, L. H. Chen, and X. Y. Dong, “A temperature-insensitive twist sensor by using low-birefringence photonic-crystal-fiber-based Sagnac interferometer,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23(13), 920–922 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (1)

H. M. Kim, T. H. Kim, B. K. Kim, and Y. J. Chung, “Temperature-insensitive torsion sensor with enhanced sensitivity by use of a highly birefringent photonic crystal fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(20), 1539–1541 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (1)

O. Frazao, C. Jesus, J. M. Baptista, J. L. Santos, and P. Roy, “Fiber-optic interferometric torsion sensor based on a two-LP-mode operation in birefringent fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(17), 1277–1279 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (2)

2007 (2)

2006 (2)

Y. P. Wang, L. Xiao, D. N. Wang, and W. Jin, “Highly sensitive long-period fiber-grating strain sensor with low temperature sensitivity,” Opt. Lett. 31(23), 3414–3416 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Chen, K. Zhou, L. Zhang, and I. Bennion, “In-fiber twist sensor based on a fiber Bragg grating with 81 tilted structure,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2596–2598 (2006).
[Crossref]

2005 (3)

2004 (2)

S. Oh, K. R. Lee, U. C. Paek, and Y. Chung, “Fabrication of helical long-period fiber gratings by use of a CO2 laser,” Opt. Lett. 29(13), 1464–1466 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Chen, K. Zhou, L. Zhang, and I. Bennion, “Optical chemical sensors utilizing long-period fiber gratings UV inscribed in D-fiber with enhanced sensitivity through cladding etching,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(5), 1352–1354 (2004).
[Crossref]

2003 (3)

Y. Rao, Y. Wang, Z. Ran, and T. Zhu, “Novel fiber-optic sensors based on long-period fiber gratings written by high-frequency CO2 laser pulses,” J. Lightwave Technol. 21(5), 1320–1327 (2003).
[Crossref]

S. W. James and R. P. Tatam, “Optical fibre long-period grating sensors: characteristics and application,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 14(5), R49–R61 (2003).
[Crossref]

J. M. Estudillo-Ayala, J. Ruiz-Pinales, R. Rojas-Laguna, J. A. Andrade-Lucio, O. G. Ibarra-Manzano, E. Alvarado-Mendez, M. Torres-Cis-neros, B. Ibarra-Escamilla, and E. A. Kuzin, “Analysis of a Sagnac interferometer with low-birefringence twisted fiber,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 39(5-6), 635–643 (2003).
[Crossref]

2001 (1)

1999 (2)

V. Bhatia, “Applications of long-period gratings to single and multi-parameter sensing,” Opt. Express 4(11), 457–466 (1999).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Zhang, Y. Liu, L. Everall, J. A. R. Williams, and I. Bennion, “Design and realization of long-period grating devices in conventional and high birefringence fibers and their novel applications as fiber-optic load sensors,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 5(5), 1373–1378 (1999).
[Crossref]

1998 (1)

1996 (1)

Alvarado-Mendez, E.

J. M. Estudillo-Ayala, J. Ruiz-Pinales, R. Rojas-Laguna, J. A. Andrade-Lucio, O. G. Ibarra-Manzano, E. Alvarado-Mendez, M. Torres-Cis-neros, B. Ibarra-Escamilla, and E. A. Kuzin, “Analysis of a Sagnac interferometer with low-birefringence twisted fiber,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 39(5-6), 635–643 (2003).
[Crossref]

Andrade-Lucio, J. A.

J. M. Estudillo-Ayala, J. Ruiz-Pinales, R. Rojas-Laguna, J. A. Andrade-Lucio, O. G. Ibarra-Manzano, E. Alvarado-Mendez, M. Torres-Cis-neros, B. Ibarra-Escamilla, and E. A. Kuzin, “Analysis of a Sagnac interferometer with low-birefringence twisted fiber,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 39(5-6), 635–643 (2003).
[Crossref]

Arregui, F. J.

Baptista, J. M.

O. Frazao, C. Jesus, J. M. Baptista, J. L. Santos, and P. Roy, “Fiber-optic interferometric torsion sensor based on a two-LP-mode operation in birefringent fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(17), 1277–1279 (2009).
[Crossref]

O. Frazão, S. O. Silva, J. M. Baptista, J. L. Santos, G. Statkiewicz-Barabach, W. Urbanczyk, and J. Wojcik, “Simultaneous measurement of multiparameters using a Sagnac interferometer with polarization maintaining side-hole fiber,” Appl. Opt. 47(27), 4841–4848 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bennion, I.

X. Chen, K. Zhou, L. Zhang, and I. Bennion, “In-fiber twist sensor based on a fiber Bragg grating with 81 tilted structure,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2596–2598 (2006).
[Crossref]

X. Chen, K. Zhou, L. Zhang, and I. Bennion, “Optical chemical sensors utilizing long-period fiber gratings UV inscribed in D-fiber with enhanced sensitivity through cladding etching,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(5), 1352–1354 (2004).
[Crossref]

L. Zhang, Y. Liu, L. Everall, J. A. R. Williams, and I. Bennion, “Design and realization of long-period grating devices in conventional and high birefringence fibers and their novel applications as fiber-optic load sensors,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 5(5), 1373–1378 (1999).
[Crossref]

Bhatia, V.

Brambilla, G.

Bucholtz, F.

Chan, C. C.

P. Zu, C. C. Chan, Y. X. Jin, T. X. Gong, Y. F. Zhang, L. H. Chen, and X. Y. Dong, “A temperature-insensitive twist sensor by using low-birefringence photonic-crystal-fiber-based Sagnac interferometer,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23(13), 920–922 (2011).
[Crossref]

Chen, J.

Chen, L. H.

P. Zu, C. C. Chan, Y. X. Jin, T. X. Gong, Y. F. Zhang, L. H. Chen, and X. Y. Dong, “A temperature-insensitive twist sensor by using low-birefringence photonic-crystal-fiber-based Sagnac interferometer,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23(13), 920–922 (2011).
[Crossref]

Chen, X.

X. Chen, K. Zhou, L. Zhang, and I. Bennion, “In-fiber twist sensor based on a fiber Bragg grating with 81 tilted structure,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2596–2598 (2006).
[Crossref]

X. Chen, K. Zhou, L. Zhang, and I. Bennion, “Optical chemical sensors utilizing long-period fiber gratings UV inscribed in D-fiber with enhanced sensitivity through cladding etching,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(5), 1352–1354 (2004).
[Crossref]

Chern, G.

Cho, J.

J. Cho, J. Lim, and K. Lee, “Optical fiber twist sensor with two orthogonally oriented mechanically induced long-period grating sections,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(2), 453–455 (2005).
[Crossref]

Chung, Y.

Chung, Y. J.

H. M. Kim, T. H. Kim, B. K. Kim, and Y. J. Chung, “Temperature-insensitive torsion sensor with enhanced sensitivity by use of a highly birefringent photonic crystal fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(20), 1539–1541 (2010).
[Crossref]

Cusano, A.

Cutolo, A.

Del Villar, I.

Ding, M.

Dong, X. Y.

P. Zu, C. C. Chan, Y. X. Jin, T. X. Gong, Y. F. Zhang, L. H. Chen, and X. Y. Dong, “A temperature-insensitive twist sensor by using low-birefringence photonic-crystal-fiber-based Sagnac interferometer,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23(13), 920–922 (2011).
[Crossref]

Estudillo-Ayala, J. M.

J. M. Estudillo-Ayala, J. Ruiz-Pinales, R. Rojas-Laguna, J. A. Andrade-Lucio, O. G. Ibarra-Manzano, E. Alvarado-Mendez, M. Torres-Cis-neros, B. Ibarra-Escamilla, and E. A. Kuzin, “Analysis of a Sagnac interferometer with low-birefringence twisted fiber,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 39(5-6), 635–643 (2003).
[Crossref]

Everall, L.

L. Zhang, Y. Liu, L. Everall, J. A. R. Williams, and I. Bennion, “Design and realization of long-period grating devices in conventional and high birefringence fibers and their novel applications as fiber-optic load sensors,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 5(5), 1373–1378 (1999).
[Crossref]

Feng, X.

Frazao, O.

O. Frazao, C. Jesus, J. M. Baptista, J. L. Santos, and P. Roy, “Fiber-optic interferometric torsion sensor based on a two-LP-mode operation in birefringent fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(17), 1277–1279 (2009).
[Crossref]

Frazão, O.

Gong, T. X.

P. Zu, C. C. Chan, Y. X. Jin, T. X. Gong, Y. F. Zhang, L. H. Chen, and X. Y. Dong, “A temperature-insensitive twist sensor by using low-birefringence photonic-crystal-fiber-based Sagnac interferometer,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23(13), 920–922 (2011).
[Crossref]

Ibarra-Escamilla, B.

J. M. Estudillo-Ayala, J. Ruiz-Pinales, R. Rojas-Laguna, J. A. Andrade-Lucio, O. G. Ibarra-Manzano, E. Alvarado-Mendez, M. Torres-Cis-neros, B. Ibarra-Escamilla, and E. A. Kuzin, “Analysis of a Sagnac interferometer with low-birefringence twisted fiber,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 39(5-6), 635–643 (2003).
[Crossref]

Ibarra-Manzano, O. G.

J. M. Estudillo-Ayala, J. Ruiz-Pinales, R. Rojas-Laguna, J. A. Andrade-Lucio, O. G. Ibarra-Manzano, E. Alvarado-Mendez, M. Torres-Cis-neros, B. Ibarra-Escamilla, and E. A. Kuzin, “Analysis of a Sagnac interferometer with low-birefringence twisted fiber,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 39(5-6), 635–643 (2003).
[Crossref]

Ivanov, O. V.

James, S. W.

R. P. Murphy, S. W. James, and R. P. Tatam, “Multiplexing of fiber-optic long-period grating-based interferometric sensors,” J. Lightwave Technol. 25(3), 825–829 (2007).
[Crossref]

S. W. James and R. P. Tatam, “Optical fibre long-period grating sensors: characteristics and application,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 14(5), R49–R61 (2003).
[Crossref]

Jesus, C.

O. Frazao, C. Jesus, J. M. Baptista, J. L. Santos, and P. Roy, “Fiber-optic interferometric torsion sensor based on a two-LP-mode operation in birefringent fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(17), 1277–1279 (2009).
[Crossref]

Jiang, M.

Jin, W.

Jin, Y. X.

P. Zu, C. C. Chan, Y. X. Jin, T. X. Gong, Y. F. Zhang, L. H. Chen, and X. Y. Dong, “A temperature-insensitive twist sensor by using low-birefringence photonic-crystal-fiber-based Sagnac interferometer,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23(13), 920–922 (2011).
[Crossref]

Kersey, A. D.

Kim, B. K.

H. M. Kim, T. H. Kim, B. K. Kim, and Y. J. Chung, “Temperature-insensitive torsion sensor with enhanced sensitivity by use of a highly birefringent photonic crystal fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(20), 1539–1541 (2010).
[Crossref]

Kim, H. M.

H. M. Kim, T. H. Kim, B. K. Kim, and Y. J. Chung, “Temperature-insensitive torsion sensor with enhanced sensitivity by use of a highly birefringent photonic crystal fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(20), 1539–1541 (2010).
[Crossref]

Kim, T. H.

H. M. Kim, T. H. Kim, B. K. Kim, and Y. J. Chung, “Temperature-insensitive torsion sensor with enhanced sensitivity by use of a highly birefringent photonic crystal fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(20), 1539–1541 (2010).
[Crossref]

Kuzin, E. A.

J. M. Estudillo-Ayala, J. Ruiz-Pinales, R. Rojas-Laguna, J. A. Andrade-Lucio, O. G. Ibarra-Manzano, E. Alvarado-Mendez, M. Torres-Cis-neros, B. Ibarra-Escamilla, and E. A. Kuzin, “Analysis of a Sagnac interferometer with low-birefringence twisted fiber,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 39(5-6), 635–643 (2003).
[Crossref]

Lee, K.

J. Cho, J. Lim, and K. Lee, “Optical fiber twist sensor with two orthogonally oriented mechanically induced long-period grating sections,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(2), 453–455 (2005).
[Crossref]

Lee, K. R.

Lim, J.

J. Cho, J. Lim, and K. Lee, “Optical fiber twist sensor with two orthogonally oriented mechanically induced long-period grating sections,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(2), 453–455 (2005).
[Crossref]

Lin, C.

Lin, W.

Lit, J. W.

Liu, B.

Liu, D.

Liu, W. K.

Liu, Y.

D. P. Zhou, L. Wei, W. K. Liu, Y. Liu, and J. W. Lit, “Simultaneous measurement for strain and temperature using fiber Bragg gratings and multimode fibers,” Appl. Opt. 47(10), 1668–1672 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Zhang, Y. Liu, L. Everall, J. A. R. Williams, and I. Bennion, “Design and realization of long-period grating devices in conventional and high birefringence fibers and their novel applications as fiber-optic load sensors,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 5(5), 1373–1378 (1999).
[Crossref]

Malnou, M.

Matias, I. R.

Miao, Y.

Murphy, R. P.

Oh, S.

Paek, U. C.

Paladino, D.

Patrick, H. J.

Petrovich, M.

Ran, Z.

Rao, Y.

Richardson, D.

Rojas-Laguna, R.

J. M. Estudillo-Ayala, J. Ruiz-Pinales, R. Rojas-Laguna, J. A. Andrade-Lucio, O. G. Ibarra-Manzano, E. Alvarado-Mendez, M. Torres-Cis-neros, B. Ibarra-Escamilla, and E. A. Kuzin, “Analysis of a Sagnac interferometer with low-birefringence twisted fiber,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 39(5-6), 635–643 (2003).
[Crossref]

Roy, P.

O. Frazao, C. Jesus, J. M. Baptista, J. L. Santos, and P. Roy, “Fiber-optic interferometric torsion sensor based on a two-LP-mode operation in birefringent fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(17), 1277–1279 (2009).
[Crossref]

Ruiz-Pinales, J.

J. M. Estudillo-Ayala, J. Ruiz-Pinales, R. Rojas-Laguna, J. A. Andrade-Lucio, O. G. Ibarra-Manzano, E. Alvarado-Mendez, M. Torres-Cis-neros, B. Ibarra-Escamilla, and E. A. Kuzin, “Analysis of a Sagnac interferometer with low-birefringence twisted fiber,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 39(5-6), 635–643 (2003).
[Crossref]

Santos, J. L.

O. Frazao, C. Jesus, J. M. Baptista, J. L. Santos, and P. Roy, “Fiber-optic interferometric torsion sensor based on a two-LP-mode operation in birefringent fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(17), 1277–1279 (2009).
[Crossref]

O. Frazão, S. O. Silva, J. M. Baptista, J. L. Santos, G. Statkiewicz-Barabach, W. Urbanczyk, and J. Wojcik, “Simultaneous measurement of multiparameters using a Sagnac interferometer with polarization maintaining side-hole fiber,” Appl. Opt. 47(27), 4841–4848 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shum, P. P.

Silva, S. O.

Song, B.

Song, Z.

Statkiewicz-Barabach, G.

Sun, Q.

Tatam, R. P.

R. P. Murphy, S. W. James, and R. P. Tatam, “Multiplexing of fiber-optic long-period grating-based interferometric sensors,” J. Lightwave Technol. 25(3), 825–829 (2007).
[Crossref]

S. W. James and R. P. Tatam, “Optical fibre long-period grating sensors: characteristics and application,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 14(5), R49–R61 (2003).
[Crossref]

Torres-Cis-neros, M.

J. M. Estudillo-Ayala, J. Ruiz-Pinales, R. Rojas-Laguna, J. A. Andrade-Lucio, O. G. Ibarra-Manzano, E. Alvarado-Mendez, M. Torres-Cis-neros, B. Ibarra-Escamilla, and E. A. Kuzin, “Analysis of a Sagnac interferometer with low-birefringence twisted fiber,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 39(5-6), 635–643 (2003).
[Crossref]

Urbanczyk, W.

Vengsarkar, A. M.

Wang, D. N.

Wang, L.

Wang, Y.

Wang, Y. P.

Wei, L.

Williams, J. A. R.

L. Zhang, Y. Liu, L. Everall, J. A. R. Williams, and I. Bennion, “Design and realization of long-period grating devices in conventional and high birefringence fibers and their novel applications as fiber-optic load sensors,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 5(5), 1373–1378 (1999).
[Crossref]

Wo, J.

Wojcik, J.

Wu, J.

Xiao, L.

Zhang, H.

Zhang, J.

Zhang, L.

X. Chen, K. Zhou, L. Zhang, and I. Bennion, “In-fiber twist sensor based on a fiber Bragg grating with 81 tilted structure,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2596–2598 (2006).
[Crossref]

X. Chen, K. Zhou, L. Zhang, and I. Bennion, “Optical chemical sensors utilizing long-period fiber gratings UV inscribed in D-fiber with enhanced sensitivity through cladding etching,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(5), 1352–1354 (2004).
[Crossref]

L. Zhang, Y. Liu, L. Everall, J. A. R. Williams, and I. Bennion, “Design and realization of long-period grating devices in conventional and high birefringence fibers and their novel applications as fiber-optic load sensors,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 5(5), 1373–1378 (1999).
[Crossref]

Zhang, Y. F.

P. Zu, C. C. Chan, Y. X. Jin, T. X. Gong, Y. F. Zhang, L. H. Chen, and X. Y. Dong, “A temperature-insensitive twist sensor by using low-birefringence photonic-crystal-fiber-based Sagnac interferometer,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23(13), 920–922 (2011).
[Crossref]

Zhou, D. P.

Zhou, K.

X. Chen, K. Zhou, L. Zhang, and I. Bennion, “In-fiber twist sensor based on a fiber Bragg grating with 81 tilted structure,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2596–2598 (2006).
[Crossref]

X. Chen, K. Zhou, L. Zhang, and I. Bennion, “Optical chemical sensors utilizing long-period fiber gratings UV inscribed in D-fiber with enhanced sensitivity through cladding etching,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(5), 1352–1354 (2004).
[Crossref]

Zhu, T.

Zu, P.

P. Zu, C. C. Chan, Y. X. Jin, T. X. Gong, Y. F. Zhang, L. H. Chen, and X. Y. Dong, “A temperature-insensitive twist sensor by using low-birefringence photonic-crystal-fiber-based Sagnac interferometer,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23(13), 920–922 (2011).
[Crossref]

Appl. Opt. (2)

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

L. Zhang, Y. Liu, L. Everall, J. A. R. Williams, and I. Bennion, “Design and realization of long-period grating devices in conventional and high birefringence fibers and their novel applications as fiber-optic load sensors,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 5(5), 1373–1378 (1999).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (6)

X. Chen, K. Zhou, L. Zhang, and I. Bennion, “Optical chemical sensors utilizing long-period fiber gratings UV inscribed in D-fiber with enhanced sensitivity through cladding etching,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(5), 1352–1354 (2004).
[Crossref]

X. Chen, K. Zhou, L. Zhang, and I. Bennion, “In-fiber twist sensor based on a fiber Bragg grating with 81 tilted structure,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2596–2598 (2006).
[Crossref]

J. Cho, J. Lim, and K. Lee, “Optical fiber twist sensor with two orthogonally oriented mechanically induced long-period grating sections,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(2), 453–455 (2005).
[Crossref]

H. M. Kim, T. H. Kim, B. K. Kim, and Y. J. Chung, “Temperature-insensitive torsion sensor with enhanced sensitivity by use of a highly birefringent photonic crystal fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(20), 1539–1541 (2010).
[Crossref]

P. Zu, C. C. Chan, Y. X. Jin, T. X. Gong, Y. F. Zhang, L. H. Chen, and X. Y. Dong, “A temperature-insensitive twist sensor by using low-birefringence photonic-crystal-fiber-based Sagnac interferometer,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23(13), 920–922 (2011).
[Crossref]

O. Frazao, C. Jesus, J. M. Baptista, J. L. Santos, and P. Roy, “Fiber-optic interferometric torsion sensor based on a two-LP-mode operation in birefringent fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(17), 1277–1279 (2009).
[Crossref]

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S. W. James and R. P. Tatam, “Optical fibre long-period grating sensors: characteristics and application,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 14(5), R49–R61 (2003).
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Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Lasers Eng. (1)

J. M. Estudillo-Ayala, J. Ruiz-Pinales, R. Rojas-Laguna, J. A. Andrade-Lucio, O. G. Ibarra-Manzano, E. Alvarado-Mendez, M. Torres-Cis-neros, B. Ibarra-Escamilla, and E. A. Kuzin, “Analysis of a Sagnac interferometer with low-birefringence twisted fiber,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 39(5-6), 635–643 (2003).
[Crossref]

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Other (1)

D. A. Gonzalez, C. Jauregui, A. Quintela, F. J. Madruga, P. Marquez, and J. M. Lopez-Higuera, “Torsion-induced effects on UV long-period fiber gratings,” In Second European Workshop on Optical Fibre Sensors. International Society for Optics and Photonics 192–195 (2004).

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Experimental setup for fabrication of the paired HLPGs based on CO2 laser.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Transmission spectrum of the utilized paired-HLPGs at room temperature.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Transmission spectra of the paired HLPGs with different torsional stresses angle (o).
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Experimental setup for simultaneous measurement of the temperature and torsion by using power-interrogation method.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Measurement results for the dependence of the relative output power on temperature with no applied torsional stress.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Measurement results for the dependence of the relative output power on the applied torsional stress under room temperature.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 Measurement results for the dependence of the relative output power on temperature under three different torsional stresses (−360°, 0° and 360°).
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 Measurement results for the dependence of the relative output power on the applied torsional stress under three different temperatures (30°C, 90°C, and 120°C).

Equations (4)

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ΔP( λ 1 )= A 1 ΔT+ B 1 Δθ,
ΔP( λ 2 )= A 2 ΔT+ B 2 Δθ,
( ΔT Δθ )= ( A 1 B 1 A 2 B 2 ) 1 ( ΔP( λ 1 ) ΔP( λ 2 ) )= 1 D ( B 2 A 2 B 1 A 1 )( ΔP( λ 1 ) ΔP( λ 2 ) ),
( ΔT Δθ )= ( 0.0371 0.0074 0.0204 0.0028 ) 1 ( ΔP( λ 1 ) ΔP( λ 2 ) )=( 10.987 29.037 80.050 145.582 )( ΔP( λ 1 ) ΔP( λ 2 ) ).

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