Abstract

With extremely high sensitivity, the coherent laser communications has a large potential to be used in the long-range and high data-rate free space communication links. However, for the atmospheric turbulent links, the most significant factor that limits the performance of the coherent laser communications is the effect of atmospheric turbulence. In this paper, we try to integrate the adaptive optics (AO) to the coherent laser communications and analyze the performances. It is shown that, when the atmospheric turbulence condition D/r0 is not larger than 1, can the coherent laser communication system works well without the correction of an AO system. When it is in the gentle turbulent condition (around D/r0 = 2), only the tip and tilt correction can improve the mixing efficiency and the bit-error rate (BER) significantly. In the moderate (around D/r0 = 10) or relatively strong (around D/r0 = 17) turbulent condition, the AO system has to correct about 9 or 35 turbulent modes or more respectively to achieve a favorable performance. In conclusion, we have demonstrated that the AO technique has great potential to improve the performances of the atmospheric coherent laser communications.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article
OSA Recommended Articles
Performance verification of adaptive optics for satellite-to-ground coherent optical communications at large zenith angle

Mo Chen, Chao Liu, Daoman Rui, and Hao Xian
Opt. Express 26(4) 4230-4242 (2018)

Performance evaluation of coherent free space optical communications with a double-stage fast-steering-mirror adaptive optics system depending on the Greenwood frequency

Wei Liu, Kainan Yao, Danian Huang, Xudong Lin, Liang Wang, and Yaowen Lv
Opt. Express 24(12) 13288-13302 (2016)

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. R. K. Tyson and D. E. Canning, “Indirect measurement of a laser communications bit-error-rate reduction with low-order adaptive optics,” Appl. Opt. 42(21), 4239–4243 (2003).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  2. S. Seel, H. Kampfner, F. Heine, D. Dallmann, G. Muhlnikel, M. Gregory, M. Reinhardt, K. Saucke, J. Muckherjee, U. Sterr, B. Wandernoth, R. Meyer, and R. Czichy, “Space to Ground Bidirectional Optical Communication Link at 5.6 Gbps and EDRS Connectivity Outlook,” IEEE (2011).
  3. M. Gregory, F. Heine, H. Kampfner, R. Lange, M. Lutzer, and R. Meyer, “Coherent inter-satellite and satellite-ground laser links,” Proc. SPIE 7923, 792303 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  4. R. A. Fields, D. A. Kozlowski, H. T. Yura, R. L. Wong, J. M. Wicker, C. T. Lunde, M. Gregory, B. K. Wandernoth, F. F. Heine, and J. J. Luna, “5.625 Gbps bidirectional laser communications measurements between the NFIRE satellite and an optical ground station,” Proc. SPIE 8184, 81840D (2011).
    [Crossref]
  5. B. Smutny, H. Kaempfner, G. Muehlnikel, U. Sterr, B. Wandernoth, F. Heine, U. Hildebrand, D. Dallmann, M. Reinhardt, A. Freier, R. Lange, K. Boehmer, T. Feldhaus, J. Mueller, A. Weichert, P. Greulich, S. Seel, R. Meyer, and R. Czichy, “5.6 Gbps optical intersatellite communication link,” Proc. SPIE 7199, 719926 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  6. F. Roddier, Adaptive Optics in Astronomy (Cambridge University Press, 1999).
  7. C. Liu, L. Hu, Q. Mu, Z. Cao, and L. Xuan, “Open-loop control of liquid-crystal spatial light modulators for vertical atmospheric turbulence wavefront correction,” Appl. Opt. 50(1), 82–89 (2011).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  8. J. Porter, H. M. Queener, J. E. Lin, K. Thorn, and A. Awwal, Adaptive Optics for Vision Science Principles, Practices, Design, and Applications (Wiley-Interscience, 2006).
  9. M. W. Wright, J. Roberts, W. Farr, and K. Wilson, “Improved optical communications performance combining adaptive optics and pulse position modulation,” Opt. Eng. 47, 016003 (2008).
  10. Y. Wu, E. Chen, Y. Zhang, H. Ye, M. Li, X. Li, Z. Xiong, J. Chen, Y. Ai, H. Zhao, and Z. Yang, “Simulation and Experiment of Adaptive Optics in 2.5Gbps atmospheric Laser Communication,” Proceeding of the 2011International Conference on Opto-Electronics Engineering and Information Science, 2449–2453 (2011).
  11. R. K. Tyson, J. S. Tharp, and D. E. Canning, “Measurement of the bit-error rate of an adaptive optics, free-space laser communications system, part 2: multichannel configuration, aberration characterization, and closed-loop results,” Opt. Eng. 44(9), 096003 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  12. C. A. Thompson, M. W. Kartz, L. M. Flath, S. C. Wilks, R. A. Young, G. W. Johnson, and A. J. Ruggiero, “Free space optical communications utilizing MEMS adaptive optics correction,” in International Symposium on Optical Science and Technology, (International Society for Optics and Photonics, 2002), 129–138.
    [Crossref]
  13. T. Weyrauch and M. A. Vorontsov, “Atmospheric compensation with a speckle beacon in strong scintillation conditions: directed energy and laser communication applications,” Appl. Opt. 44(30), 6388–6401 (2005).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  14. M. Gregory, F. Heine, H. Kampfner, R. Lange, M. Lutzer, and R. Meyer, “Commercial optical inter-satellite communication at high data rates,” Opt. Eng. 51(3), 031202 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  15. Z. Sodnik, J. P. Armengol, R. H. Czichy, and R. Meyer, “Adaptive optics and ESA's optical ground station,” Proc. SPIE 7464, 746406 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  16. T. Berkefeld, D. Soltau, R. Czichy, E. Fischer, B. Wandernoth, and Z. Sodnik, “Adaptive optics for satellite-to-ground laser communication at the 1m Telescope of the ESA Optical Ground Station, Tenerife, Spain,” Proc. SPIE 7736, 77364C (2010).
    [Crossref]
  17. G. P. Agrawal, Fiber-Optic Communication Systems (A John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2002).
  18. N. Roddier, “Atmospheric wavefront simulation using Zernike polynomials,” Opt. Eng. 29(10), 1174–1180 (1990).
    [Crossref]
  19. L. Hu, L. Xuan, Z. Cao, Q. Mu, D. Li, and Y. Liu, “A liquid crystal atmospheric turbulence simulator,” Opt. Express 14(25), 11911–11918 (2006).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]

2012 (1)

M. Gregory, F. Heine, H. Kampfner, R. Lange, M. Lutzer, and R. Meyer, “Commercial optical inter-satellite communication at high data rates,” Opt. Eng. 51(3), 031202 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (3)

M. Gregory, F. Heine, H. Kampfner, R. Lange, M. Lutzer, and R. Meyer, “Coherent inter-satellite and satellite-ground laser links,” Proc. SPIE 7923, 792303 (2011).
[Crossref]

R. A. Fields, D. A. Kozlowski, H. T. Yura, R. L. Wong, J. M. Wicker, C. T. Lunde, M. Gregory, B. K. Wandernoth, F. F. Heine, and J. J. Luna, “5.625 Gbps bidirectional laser communications measurements between the NFIRE satellite and an optical ground station,” Proc. SPIE 8184, 81840D (2011).
[Crossref]

C. Liu, L. Hu, Q. Mu, Z. Cao, and L. Xuan, “Open-loop control of liquid-crystal spatial light modulators for vertical atmospheric turbulence wavefront correction,” Appl. Opt. 50(1), 82–89 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2010 (1)

T. Berkefeld, D. Soltau, R. Czichy, E. Fischer, B. Wandernoth, and Z. Sodnik, “Adaptive optics for satellite-to-ground laser communication at the 1m Telescope of the ESA Optical Ground Station, Tenerife, Spain,” Proc. SPIE 7736, 77364C (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (2)

B. Smutny, H. Kaempfner, G. Muehlnikel, U. Sterr, B. Wandernoth, F. Heine, U. Hildebrand, D. Dallmann, M. Reinhardt, A. Freier, R. Lange, K. Boehmer, T. Feldhaus, J. Mueller, A. Weichert, P. Greulich, S. Seel, R. Meyer, and R. Czichy, “5.6 Gbps optical intersatellite communication link,” Proc. SPIE 7199, 719926 (2009).
[Crossref]

Z. Sodnik, J. P. Armengol, R. H. Czichy, and R. Meyer, “Adaptive optics and ESA's optical ground station,” Proc. SPIE 7464, 746406 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (1)

M. W. Wright, J. Roberts, W. Farr, and K. Wilson, “Improved optical communications performance combining adaptive optics and pulse position modulation,” Opt. Eng. 47, 016003 (2008).

2006 (1)

2005 (2)

R. K. Tyson, J. S. Tharp, and D. E. Canning, “Measurement of the bit-error rate of an adaptive optics, free-space laser communications system, part 2: multichannel configuration, aberration characterization, and closed-loop results,” Opt. Eng. 44(9), 096003 (2005).
[Crossref]

T. Weyrauch and M. A. Vorontsov, “Atmospheric compensation with a speckle beacon in strong scintillation conditions: directed energy and laser communication applications,” Appl. Opt. 44(30), 6388–6401 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2003 (1)

1990 (1)

N. Roddier, “Atmospheric wavefront simulation using Zernike polynomials,” Opt. Eng. 29(10), 1174–1180 (1990).
[Crossref]

Ai, Y.

Y. Wu, E. Chen, Y. Zhang, H. Ye, M. Li, X. Li, Z. Xiong, J. Chen, Y. Ai, H. Zhao, and Z. Yang, “Simulation and Experiment of Adaptive Optics in 2.5Gbps atmospheric Laser Communication,” Proceeding of the 2011International Conference on Opto-Electronics Engineering and Information Science, 2449–2453 (2011).

Armengol, J. P.

Z. Sodnik, J. P. Armengol, R. H. Czichy, and R. Meyer, “Adaptive optics and ESA's optical ground station,” Proc. SPIE 7464, 746406 (2009).
[Crossref]

Berkefeld, T.

T. Berkefeld, D. Soltau, R. Czichy, E. Fischer, B. Wandernoth, and Z. Sodnik, “Adaptive optics for satellite-to-ground laser communication at the 1m Telescope of the ESA Optical Ground Station, Tenerife, Spain,” Proc. SPIE 7736, 77364C (2010).
[Crossref]

Boehmer, K.

B. Smutny, H. Kaempfner, G. Muehlnikel, U. Sterr, B. Wandernoth, F. Heine, U. Hildebrand, D. Dallmann, M. Reinhardt, A. Freier, R. Lange, K. Boehmer, T. Feldhaus, J. Mueller, A. Weichert, P. Greulich, S. Seel, R. Meyer, and R. Czichy, “5.6 Gbps optical intersatellite communication link,” Proc. SPIE 7199, 719926 (2009).
[Crossref]

Canning, D. E.

R. K. Tyson, J. S. Tharp, and D. E. Canning, “Measurement of the bit-error rate of an adaptive optics, free-space laser communications system, part 2: multichannel configuration, aberration characterization, and closed-loop results,” Opt. Eng. 44(9), 096003 (2005).
[Crossref]

R. K. Tyson and D. E. Canning, “Indirect measurement of a laser communications bit-error-rate reduction with low-order adaptive optics,” Appl. Opt. 42(21), 4239–4243 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cao, Z.

Chen, E.

Y. Wu, E. Chen, Y. Zhang, H. Ye, M. Li, X. Li, Z. Xiong, J. Chen, Y. Ai, H. Zhao, and Z. Yang, “Simulation and Experiment of Adaptive Optics in 2.5Gbps atmospheric Laser Communication,” Proceeding of the 2011International Conference on Opto-Electronics Engineering and Information Science, 2449–2453 (2011).

Chen, J.

Y. Wu, E. Chen, Y. Zhang, H. Ye, M. Li, X. Li, Z. Xiong, J. Chen, Y. Ai, H. Zhao, and Z. Yang, “Simulation and Experiment of Adaptive Optics in 2.5Gbps atmospheric Laser Communication,” Proceeding of the 2011International Conference on Opto-Electronics Engineering and Information Science, 2449–2453 (2011).

Czichy, R.

T. Berkefeld, D. Soltau, R. Czichy, E. Fischer, B. Wandernoth, and Z. Sodnik, “Adaptive optics for satellite-to-ground laser communication at the 1m Telescope of the ESA Optical Ground Station, Tenerife, Spain,” Proc. SPIE 7736, 77364C (2010).
[Crossref]

B. Smutny, H. Kaempfner, G. Muehlnikel, U. Sterr, B. Wandernoth, F. Heine, U. Hildebrand, D. Dallmann, M. Reinhardt, A. Freier, R. Lange, K. Boehmer, T. Feldhaus, J. Mueller, A. Weichert, P. Greulich, S. Seel, R. Meyer, and R. Czichy, “5.6 Gbps optical intersatellite communication link,” Proc. SPIE 7199, 719926 (2009).
[Crossref]

Czichy, R. H.

Z. Sodnik, J. P. Armengol, R. H. Czichy, and R. Meyer, “Adaptive optics and ESA's optical ground station,” Proc. SPIE 7464, 746406 (2009).
[Crossref]

Dallmann, D.

B. Smutny, H. Kaempfner, G. Muehlnikel, U. Sterr, B. Wandernoth, F. Heine, U. Hildebrand, D. Dallmann, M. Reinhardt, A. Freier, R. Lange, K. Boehmer, T. Feldhaus, J. Mueller, A. Weichert, P. Greulich, S. Seel, R. Meyer, and R. Czichy, “5.6 Gbps optical intersatellite communication link,” Proc. SPIE 7199, 719926 (2009).
[Crossref]

Farr, W.

M. W. Wright, J. Roberts, W. Farr, and K. Wilson, “Improved optical communications performance combining adaptive optics and pulse position modulation,” Opt. Eng. 47, 016003 (2008).

Feldhaus, T.

B. Smutny, H. Kaempfner, G. Muehlnikel, U. Sterr, B. Wandernoth, F. Heine, U. Hildebrand, D. Dallmann, M. Reinhardt, A. Freier, R. Lange, K. Boehmer, T. Feldhaus, J. Mueller, A. Weichert, P. Greulich, S. Seel, R. Meyer, and R. Czichy, “5.6 Gbps optical intersatellite communication link,” Proc. SPIE 7199, 719926 (2009).
[Crossref]

Fields, R. A.

R. A. Fields, D. A. Kozlowski, H. T. Yura, R. L. Wong, J. M. Wicker, C. T. Lunde, M. Gregory, B. K. Wandernoth, F. F. Heine, and J. J. Luna, “5.625 Gbps bidirectional laser communications measurements between the NFIRE satellite and an optical ground station,” Proc. SPIE 8184, 81840D (2011).
[Crossref]

Fischer, E.

T. Berkefeld, D. Soltau, R. Czichy, E. Fischer, B. Wandernoth, and Z. Sodnik, “Adaptive optics for satellite-to-ground laser communication at the 1m Telescope of the ESA Optical Ground Station, Tenerife, Spain,” Proc. SPIE 7736, 77364C (2010).
[Crossref]

Freier, A.

B. Smutny, H. Kaempfner, G. Muehlnikel, U. Sterr, B. Wandernoth, F. Heine, U. Hildebrand, D. Dallmann, M. Reinhardt, A. Freier, R. Lange, K. Boehmer, T. Feldhaus, J. Mueller, A. Weichert, P. Greulich, S. Seel, R. Meyer, and R. Czichy, “5.6 Gbps optical intersatellite communication link,” Proc. SPIE 7199, 719926 (2009).
[Crossref]

Gregory, M.

M. Gregory, F. Heine, H. Kampfner, R. Lange, M. Lutzer, and R. Meyer, “Commercial optical inter-satellite communication at high data rates,” Opt. Eng. 51(3), 031202 (2012).
[Crossref]

M. Gregory, F. Heine, H. Kampfner, R. Lange, M. Lutzer, and R. Meyer, “Coherent inter-satellite and satellite-ground laser links,” Proc. SPIE 7923, 792303 (2011).
[Crossref]

R. A. Fields, D. A. Kozlowski, H. T. Yura, R. L. Wong, J. M. Wicker, C. T. Lunde, M. Gregory, B. K. Wandernoth, F. F. Heine, and J. J. Luna, “5.625 Gbps bidirectional laser communications measurements between the NFIRE satellite and an optical ground station,” Proc. SPIE 8184, 81840D (2011).
[Crossref]

Greulich, P.

B. Smutny, H. Kaempfner, G. Muehlnikel, U. Sterr, B. Wandernoth, F. Heine, U. Hildebrand, D. Dallmann, M. Reinhardt, A. Freier, R. Lange, K. Boehmer, T. Feldhaus, J. Mueller, A. Weichert, P. Greulich, S. Seel, R. Meyer, and R. Czichy, “5.6 Gbps optical intersatellite communication link,” Proc. SPIE 7199, 719926 (2009).
[Crossref]

Heine, F.

M. Gregory, F. Heine, H. Kampfner, R. Lange, M. Lutzer, and R. Meyer, “Commercial optical inter-satellite communication at high data rates,” Opt. Eng. 51(3), 031202 (2012).
[Crossref]

M. Gregory, F. Heine, H. Kampfner, R. Lange, M. Lutzer, and R. Meyer, “Coherent inter-satellite and satellite-ground laser links,” Proc. SPIE 7923, 792303 (2011).
[Crossref]

B. Smutny, H. Kaempfner, G. Muehlnikel, U. Sterr, B. Wandernoth, F. Heine, U. Hildebrand, D. Dallmann, M. Reinhardt, A. Freier, R. Lange, K. Boehmer, T. Feldhaus, J. Mueller, A. Weichert, P. Greulich, S. Seel, R. Meyer, and R. Czichy, “5.6 Gbps optical intersatellite communication link,” Proc. SPIE 7199, 719926 (2009).
[Crossref]

Heine, F. F.

R. A. Fields, D. A. Kozlowski, H. T. Yura, R. L. Wong, J. M. Wicker, C. T. Lunde, M. Gregory, B. K. Wandernoth, F. F. Heine, and J. J. Luna, “5.625 Gbps bidirectional laser communications measurements between the NFIRE satellite and an optical ground station,” Proc. SPIE 8184, 81840D (2011).
[Crossref]

Hildebrand, U.

B. Smutny, H. Kaempfner, G. Muehlnikel, U. Sterr, B. Wandernoth, F. Heine, U. Hildebrand, D. Dallmann, M. Reinhardt, A. Freier, R. Lange, K. Boehmer, T. Feldhaus, J. Mueller, A. Weichert, P. Greulich, S. Seel, R. Meyer, and R. Czichy, “5.6 Gbps optical intersatellite communication link,” Proc. SPIE 7199, 719926 (2009).
[Crossref]

Hu, L.

Kaempfner, H.

B. Smutny, H. Kaempfner, G. Muehlnikel, U. Sterr, B. Wandernoth, F. Heine, U. Hildebrand, D. Dallmann, M. Reinhardt, A. Freier, R. Lange, K. Boehmer, T. Feldhaus, J. Mueller, A. Weichert, P. Greulich, S. Seel, R. Meyer, and R. Czichy, “5.6 Gbps optical intersatellite communication link,” Proc. SPIE 7199, 719926 (2009).
[Crossref]

Kampfner, H.

M. Gregory, F. Heine, H. Kampfner, R. Lange, M. Lutzer, and R. Meyer, “Commercial optical inter-satellite communication at high data rates,” Opt. Eng. 51(3), 031202 (2012).
[Crossref]

M. Gregory, F. Heine, H. Kampfner, R. Lange, M. Lutzer, and R. Meyer, “Coherent inter-satellite and satellite-ground laser links,” Proc. SPIE 7923, 792303 (2011).
[Crossref]

Kozlowski, D. A.

R. A. Fields, D. A. Kozlowski, H. T. Yura, R. L. Wong, J. M. Wicker, C. T. Lunde, M. Gregory, B. K. Wandernoth, F. F. Heine, and J. J. Luna, “5.625 Gbps bidirectional laser communications measurements between the NFIRE satellite and an optical ground station,” Proc. SPIE 8184, 81840D (2011).
[Crossref]

Lange, R.

M. Gregory, F. Heine, H. Kampfner, R. Lange, M. Lutzer, and R. Meyer, “Commercial optical inter-satellite communication at high data rates,” Opt. Eng. 51(3), 031202 (2012).
[Crossref]

M. Gregory, F. Heine, H. Kampfner, R. Lange, M. Lutzer, and R. Meyer, “Coherent inter-satellite and satellite-ground laser links,” Proc. SPIE 7923, 792303 (2011).
[Crossref]

B. Smutny, H. Kaempfner, G. Muehlnikel, U. Sterr, B. Wandernoth, F. Heine, U. Hildebrand, D. Dallmann, M. Reinhardt, A. Freier, R. Lange, K. Boehmer, T. Feldhaus, J. Mueller, A. Weichert, P. Greulich, S. Seel, R. Meyer, and R. Czichy, “5.6 Gbps optical intersatellite communication link,” Proc. SPIE 7199, 719926 (2009).
[Crossref]

Li, D.

Li, M.

Y. Wu, E. Chen, Y. Zhang, H. Ye, M. Li, X. Li, Z. Xiong, J. Chen, Y. Ai, H. Zhao, and Z. Yang, “Simulation and Experiment of Adaptive Optics in 2.5Gbps atmospheric Laser Communication,” Proceeding of the 2011International Conference on Opto-Electronics Engineering and Information Science, 2449–2453 (2011).

Li, X.

Y. Wu, E. Chen, Y. Zhang, H. Ye, M. Li, X. Li, Z. Xiong, J. Chen, Y. Ai, H. Zhao, and Z. Yang, “Simulation and Experiment of Adaptive Optics in 2.5Gbps atmospheric Laser Communication,” Proceeding of the 2011International Conference on Opto-Electronics Engineering and Information Science, 2449–2453 (2011).

Liu, C.

Liu, Y.

Luna, J. J.

R. A. Fields, D. A. Kozlowski, H. T. Yura, R. L. Wong, J. M. Wicker, C. T. Lunde, M. Gregory, B. K. Wandernoth, F. F. Heine, and J. J. Luna, “5.625 Gbps bidirectional laser communications measurements between the NFIRE satellite and an optical ground station,” Proc. SPIE 8184, 81840D (2011).
[Crossref]

Lunde, C. T.

R. A. Fields, D. A. Kozlowski, H. T. Yura, R. L. Wong, J. M. Wicker, C. T. Lunde, M. Gregory, B. K. Wandernoth, F. F. Heine, and J. J. Luna, “5.625 Gbps bidirectional laser communications measurements between the NFIRE satellite and an optical ground station,” Proc. SPIE 8184, 81840D (2011).
[Crossref]

Lutzer, M.

M. Gregory, F. Heine, H. Kampfner, R. Lange, M. Lutzer, and R. Meyer, “Commercial optical inter-satellite communication at high data rates,” Opt. Eng. 51(3), 031202 (2012).
[Crossref]

M. Gregory, F. Heine, H. Kampfner, R. Lange, M. Lutzer, and R. Meyer, “Coherent inter-satellite and satellite-ground laser links,” Proc. SPIE 7923, 792303 (2011).
[Crossref]

Meyer, R.

M. Gregory, F. Heine, H. Kampfner, R. Lange, M. Lutzer, and R. Meyer, “Commercial optical inter-satellite communication at high data rates,” Opt. Eng. 51(3), 031202 (2012).
[Crossref]

M. Gregory, F. Heine, H. Kampfner, R. Lange, M. Lutzer, and R. Meyer, “Coherent inter-satellite and satellite-ground laser links,” Proc. SPIE 7923, 792303 (2011).
[Crossref]

B. Smutny, H. Kaempfner, G. Muehlnikel, U. Sterr, B. Wandernoth, F. Heine, U. Hildebrand, D. Dallmann, M. Reinhardt, A. Freier, R. Lange, K. Boehmer, T. Feldhaus, J. Mueller, A. Weichert, P. Greulich, S. Seel, R. Meyer, and R. Czichy, “5.6 Gbps optical intersatellite communication link,” Proc. SPIE 7199, 719926 (2009).
[Crossref]

Z. Sodnik, J. P. Armengol, R. H. Czichy, and R. Meyer, “Adaptive optics and ESA's optical ground station,” Proc. SPIE 7464, 746406 (2009).
[Crossref]

Mu, Q.

Muehlnikel, G.

B. Smutny, H. Kaempfner, G. Muehlnikel, U. Sterr, B. Wandernoth, F. Heine, U. Hildebrand, D. Dallmann, M. Reinhardt, A. Freier, R. Lange, K. Boehmer, T. Feldhaus, J. Mueller, A. Weichert, P. Greulich, S. Seel, R. Meyer, and R. Czichy, “5.6 Gbps optical intersatellite communication link,” Proc. SPIE 7199, 719926 (2009).
[Crossref]

Mueller, J.

B. Smutny, H. Kaempfner, G. Muehlnikel, U. Sterr, B. Wandernoth, F. Heine, U. Hildebrand, D. Dallmann, M. Reinhardt, A. Freier, R. Lange, K. Boehmer, T. Feldhaus, J. Mueller, A. Weichert, P. Greulich, S. Seel, R. Meyer, and R. Czichy, “5.6 Gbps optical intersatellite communication link,” Proc. SPIE 7199, 719926 (2009).
[Crossref]

Reinhardt, M.

B. Smutny, H. Kaempfner, G. Muehlnikel, U. Sterr, B. Wandernoth, F. Heine, U. Hildebrand, D. Dallmann, M. Reinhardt, A. Freier, R. Lange, K. Boehmer, T. Feldhaus, J. Mueller, A. Weichert, P. Greulich, S. Seel, R. Meyer, and R. Czichy, “5.6 Gbps optical intersatellite communication link,” Proc. SPIE 7199, 719926 (2009).
[Crossref]

Roberts, J.

M. W. Wright, J. Roberts, W. Farr, and K. Wilson, “Improved optical communications performance combining adaptive optics and pulse position modulation,” Opt. Eng. 47, 016003 (2008).

Roddier, N.

N. Roddier, “Atmospheric wavefront simulation using Zernike polynomials,” Opt. Eng. 29(10), 1174–1180 (1990).
[Crossref]

Seel, S.

B. Smutny, H. Kaempfner, G. Muehlnikel, U. Sterr, B. Wandernoth, F. Heine, U. Hildebrand, D. Dallmann, M. Reinhardt, A. Freier, R. Lange, K. Boehmer, T. Feldhaus, J. Mueller, A. Weichert, P. Greulich, S. Seel, R. Meyer, and R. Czichy, “5.6 Gbps optical intersatellite communication link,” Proc. SPIE 7199, 719926 (2009).
[Crossref]

Smutny, B.

B. Smutny, H. Kaempfner, G. Muehlnikel, U. Sterr, B. Wandernoth, F. Heine, U. Hildebrand, D. Dallmann, M. Reinhardt, A. Freier, R. Lange, K. Boehmer, T. Feldhaus, J. Mueller, A. Weichert, P. Greulich, S. Seel, R. Meyer, and R. Czichy, “5.6 Gbps optical intersatellite communication link,” Proc. SPIE 7199, 719926 (2009).
[Crossref]

Sodnik, Z.

T. Berkefeld, D. Soltau, R. Czichy, E. Fischer, B. Wandernoth, and Z. Sodnik, “Adaptive optics for satellite-to-ground laser communication at the 1m Telescope of the ESA Optical Ground Station, Tenerife, Spain,” Proc. SPIE 7736, 77364C (2010).
[Crossref]

Z. Sodnik, J. P. Armengol, R. H. Czichy, and R. Meyer, “Adaptive optics and ESA's optical ground station,” Proc. SPIE 7464, 746406 (2009).
[Crossref]

Soltau, D.

T. Berkefeld, D. Soltau, R. Czichy, E. Fischer, B. Wandernoth, and Z. Sodnik, “Adaptive optics for satellite-to-ground laser communication at the 1m Telescope of the ESA Optical Ground Station, Tenerife, Spain,” Proc. SPIE 7736, 77364C (2010).
[Crossref]

Sterr, U.

B. Smutny, H. Kaempfner, G. Muehlnikel, U. Sterr, B. Wandernoth, F. Heine, U. Hildebrand, D. Dallmann, M. Reinhardt, A. Freier, R. Lange, K. Boehmer, T. Feldhaus, J. Mueller, A. Weichert, P. Greulich, S. Seel, R. Meyer, and R. Czichy, “5.6 Gbps optical intersatellite communication link,” Proc. SPIE 7199, 719926 (2009).
[Crossref]

Tharp, J. S.

R. K. Tyson, J. S. Tharp, and D. E. Canning, “Measurement of the bit-error rate of an adaptive optics, free-space laser communications system, part 2: multichannel configuration, aberration characterization, and closed-loop results,” Opt. Eng. 44(9), 096003 (2005).
[Crossref]

Tyson, R. K.

R. K. Tyson, J. S. Tharp, and D. E. Canning, “Measurement of the bit-error rate of an adaptive optics, free-space laser communications system, part 2: multichannel configuration, aberration characterization, and closed-loop results,” Opt. Eng. 44(9), 096003 (2005).
[Crossref]

R. K. Tyson and D. E. Canning, “Indirect measurement of a laser communications bit-error-rate reduction with low-order adaptive optics,” Appl. Opt. 42(21), 4239–4243 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Vorontsov, M. A.

Wandernoth, B.

T. Berkefeld, D. Soltau, R. Czichy, E. Fischer, B. Wandernoth, and Z. Sodnik, “Adaptive optics for satellite-to-ground laser communication at the 1m Telescope of the ESA Optical Ground Station, Tenerife, Spain,” Proc. SPIE 7736, 77364C (2010).
[Crossref]

B. Smutny, H. Kaempfner, G. Muehlnikel, U. Sterr, B. Wandernoth, F. Heine, U. Hildebrand, D. Dallmann, M. Reinhardt, A. Freier, R. Lange, K. Boehmer, T. Feldhaus, J. Mueller, A. Weichert, P. Greulich, S. Seel, R. Meyer, and R. Czichy, “5.6 Gbps optical intersatellite communication link,” Proc. SPIE 7199, 719926 (2009).
[Crossref]

Wandernoth, B. K.

R. A. Fields, D. A. Kozlowski, H. T. Yura, R. L. Wong, J. M. Wicker, C. T. Lunde, M. Gregory, B. K. Wandernoth, F. F. Heine, and J. J. Luna, “5.625 Gbps bidirectional laser communications measurements between the NFIRE satellite and an optical ground station,” Proc. SPIE 8184, 81840D (2011).
[Crossref]

Weichert, A.

B. Smutny, H. Kaempfner, G. Muehlnikel, U. Sterr, B. Wandernoth, F. Heine, U. Hildebrand, D. Dallmann, M. Reinhardt, A. Freier, R. Lange, K. Boehmer, T. Feldhaus, J. Mueller, A. Weichert, P. Greulich, S. Seel, R. Meyer, and R. Czichy, “5.6 Gbps optical intersatellite communication link,” Proc. SPIE 7199, 719926 (2009).
[Crossref]

Weyrauch, T.

Wicker, J. M.

R. A. Fields, D. A. Kozlowski, H. T. Yura, R. L. Wong, J. M. Wicker, C. T. Lunde, M. Gregory, B. K. Wandernoth, F. F. Heine, and J. J. Luna, “5.625 Gbps bidirectional laser communications measurements between the NFIRE satellite and an optical ground station,” Proc. SPIE 8184, 81840D (2011).
[Crossref]

Wilson, K.

M. W. Wright, J. Roberts, W. Farr, and K. Wilson, “Improved optical communications performance combining adaptive optics and pulse position modulation,” Opt. Eng. 47, 016003 (2008).

Wong, R. L.

R. A. Fields, D. A. Kozlowski, H. T. Yura, R. L. Wong, J. M. Wicker, C. T. Lunde, M. Gregory, B. K. Wandernoth, F. F. Heine, and J. J. Luna, “5.625 Gbps bidirectional laser communications measurements between the NFIRE satellite and an optical ground station,” Proc. SPIE 8184, 81840D (2011).
[Crossref]

Wright, M. W.

M. W. Wright, J. Roberts, W. Farr, and K. Wilson, “Improved optical communications performance combining adaptive optics and pulse position modulation,” Opt. Eng. 47, 016003 (2008).

Wu, Y.

Y. Wu, E. Chen, Y. Zhang, H. Ye, M. Li, X. Li, Z. Xiong, J. Chen, Y. Ai, H. Zhao, and Z. Yang, “Simulation and Experiment of Adaptive Optics in 2.5Gbps atmospheric Laser Communication,” Proceeding of the 2011International Conference on Opto-Electronics Engineering and Information Science, 2449–2453 (2011).

Xiong, Z.

Y. Wu, E. Chen, Y. Zhang, H. Ye, M. Li, X. Li, Z. Xiong, J. Chen, Y. Ai, H. Zhao, and Z. Yang, “Simulation and Experiment of Adaptive Optics in 2.5Gbps atmospheric Laser Communication,” Proceeding of the 2011International Conference on Opto-Electronics Engineering and Information Science, 2449–2453 (2011).

Xuan, L.

Yang, Z.

Y. Wu, E. Chen, Y. Zhang, H. Ye, M. Li, X. Li, Z. Xiong, J. Chen, Y. Ai, H. Zhao, and Z. Yang, “Simulation and Experiment of Adaptive Optics in 2.5Gbps atmospheric Laser Communication,” Proceeding of the 2011International Conference on Opto-Electronics Engineering and Information Science, 2449–2453 (2011).

Ye, H.

Y. Wu, E. Chen, Y. Zhang, H. Ye, M. Li, X. Li, Z. Xiong, J. Chen, Y. Ai, H. Zhao, and Z. Yang, “Simulation and Experiment of Adaptive Optics in 2.5Gbps atmospheric Laser Communication,” Proceeding of the 2011International Conference on Opto-Electronics Engineering and Information Science, 2449–2453 (2011).

Yura, H. T.

R. A. Fields, D. A. Kozlowski, H. T. Yura, R. L. Wong, J. M. Wicker, C. T. Lunde, M. Gregory, B. K. Wandernoth, F. F. Heine, and J. J. Luna, “5.625 Gbps bidirectional laser communications measurements between the NFIRE satellite and an optical ground station,” Proc. SPIE 8184, 81840D (2011).
[Crossref]

Zhang, Y.

Y. Wu, E. Chen, Y. Zhang, H. Ye, M. Li, X. Li, Z. Xiong, J. Chen, Y. Ai, H. Zhao, and Z. Yang, “Simulation and Experiment of Adaptive Optics in 2.5Gbps atmospheric Laser Communication,” Proceeding of the 2011International Conference on Opto-Electronics Engineering and Information Science, 2449–2453 (2011).

Zhao, H.

Y. Wu, E. Chen, Y. Zhang, H. Ye, M. Li, X. Li, Z. Xiong, J. Chen, Y. Ai, H. Zhao, and Z. Yang, “Simulation and Experiment of Adaptive Optics in 2.5Gbps atmospheric Laser Communication,” Proceeding of the 2011International Conference on Opto-Electronics Engineering and Information Science, 2449–2453 (2011).

Appl. Opt. (3)

Opt. Eng. (4)

M. Gregory, F. Heine, H. Kampfner, R. Lange, M. Lutzer, and R. Meyer, “Commercial optical inter-satellite communication at high data rates,” Opt. Eng. 51(3), 031202 (2012).
[Crossref]

M. W. Wright, J. Roberts, W. Farr, and K. Wilson, “Improved optical communications performance combining adaptive optics and pulse position modulation,” Opt. Eng. 47, 016003 (2008).

R. K. Tyson, J. S. Tharp, and D. E. Canning, “Measurement of the bit-error rate of an adaptive optics, free-space laser communications system, part 2: multichannel configuration, aberration characterization, and closed-loop results,” Opt. Eng. 44(9), 096003 (2005).
[Crossref]

N. Roddier, “Atmospheric wavefront simulation using Zernike polynomials,” Opt. Eng. 29(10), 1174–1180 (1990).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (1)

Proc. SPIE (5)

Z. Sodnik, J. P. Armengol, R. H. Czichy, and R. Meyer, “Adaptive optics and ESA's optical ground station,” Proc. SPIE 7464, 746406 (2009).
[Crossref]

T. Berkefeld, D. Soltau, R. Czichy, E. Fischer, B. Wandernoth, and Z. Sodnik, “Adaptive optics for satellite-to-ground laser communication at the 1m Telescope of the ESA Optical Ground Station, Tenerife, Spain,” Proc. SPIE 7736, 77364C (2010).
[Crossref]

M. Gregory, F. Heine, H. Kampfner, R. Lange, M. Lutzer, and R. Meyer, “Coherent inter-satellite and satellite-ground laser links,” Proc. SPIE 7923, 792303 (2011).
[Crossref]

R. A. Fields, D. A. Kozlowski, H. T. Yura, R. L. Wong, J. M. Wicker, C. T. Lunde, M. Gregory, B. K. Wandernoth, F. F. Heine, and J. J. Luna, “5.625 Gbps bidirectional laser communications measurements between the NFIRE satellite and an optical ground station,” Proc. SPIE 8184, 81840D (2011).
[Crossref]

B. Smutny, H. Kaempfner, G. Muehlnikel, U. Sterr, B. Wandernoth, F. Heine, U. Hildebrand, D. Dallmann, M. Reinhardt, A. Freier, R. Lange, K. Boehmer, T. Feldhaus, J. Mueller, A. Weichert, P. Greulich, S. Seel, R. Meyer, and R. Czichy, “5.6 Gbps optical intersatellite communication link,” Proc. SPIE 7199, 719926 (2009).
[Crossref]

Other (6)

F. Roddier, Adaptive Optics in Astronomy (Cambridge University Press, 1999).

J. Porter, H. M. Queener, J. E. Lin, K. Thorn, and A. Awwal, Adaptive Optics for Vision Science Principles, Practices, Design, and Applications (Wiley-Interscience, 2006).

S. Seel, H. Kampfner, F. Heine, D. Dallmann, G. Muhlnikel, M. Gregory, M. Reinhardt, K. Saucke, J. Muckherjee, U. Sterr, B. Wandernoth, R. Meyer, and R. Czichy, “Space to Ground Bidirectional Optical Communication Link at 5.6 Gbps and EDRS Connectivity Outlook,” IEEE (2011).

G. P. Agrawal, Fiber-Optic Communication Systems (A John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2002).

C. A. Thompson, M. W. Kartz, L. M. Flath, S. C. Wilks, R. A. Young, G. W. Johnson, and A. J. Ruggiero, “Free space optical communications utilizing MEMS adaptive optics correction,” in International Symposium on Optical Science and Technology, (International Society for Optics and Photonics, 2002), 129–138.
[Crossref]

Y. Wu, E. Chen, Y. Zhang, H. Ye, M. Li, X. Li, Z. Xiong, J. Chen, Y. Ai, H. Zhao, and Z. Yang, “Simulation and Experiment of Adaptive Optics in 2.5Gbps atmospheric Laser Communication,” Proceeding of the 2011International Conference on Opto-Electronics Engineering and Information Science, 2449–2453 (2011).

Cited By

OSA participates in Crossref's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (9)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Schematic illustration of the coherent detection scheme.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 The Mixing efficiency of the homodyne detection over different turbulent strength D/r0 with and without adaptive optics correction.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 The mixing efficiency of the heterodyne detection over different normalized atmospheric turbulence strength D/r0 with and without adaptive optics correction.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 The effect of the normalized atmospheric turbulence strength on the BER without AO correction.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 The AO corrections under moderate turbulence (D/r0 = 2).
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 The AO corrections under the middle strength of turbulence (D/r0 = 10).
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 The AO corrections under relatively strong turbulence (D/r0 = 17).
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 The BER performances with and without the AO correction under different normalized atmospheric turbulence strength D/r0 (the figure is plotted under 12 photons/bit).
Fig. 9
Fig. 9 The effect of different modulation and demodulation style on the BER (D/r0 = 10, 65 modes have been corrected).

Equations (20)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

E S = A S exp [ i ( ω S t + φ S ) ] ,
E L O = A L O exp [ i ( ω L O t + φ L O ) ] ,
P = K U A S 2 + A L O 2 + 2 A S A L O cos ( Δ ω t + Δ φ ) d U ,
i R F = 2 R K U A S A L cos ( Δ ω t + Δ φ ) d U = 2 R K [ cos ( Δ ω t ) U A S A L O cos ( Δ φ ) d U sin ( Δ ω t ) U A S A L O sin ( Δ φ ) d U ] ,
R = e η h ν ,
< i R F 2 > = 1 2 ( 2 R K ) 2 { [ U A S A L O cos ( Δ φ ) d U ] 2 + [ U A S A L O sin ( Δ φ ) d U ] 2 } .
< i N 2 > = 2 e I L O Δ f = 2 e R P L O Δ f = 2 e Δ f R K U A L O 2 d U ,
S N R R F = < i R F 2 > < i N 2 > = 2 η P S h ν B * [ U A S A L O cos ( Δ φ ) d U ] 2 + [ U A S A L O sin ( Δ φ ) d U ] 2 U A S 2 d U U A L O 2 d U ,
S N R 0 = 2 η P S h ν B ,
γ R F = [ U A S A L O cos ( Δ φ ) d U ] 2 + [ U A S A L O sin ( Δ φ ) d U ] 2 U A S 2 d U U A L O 2 d U .
S N R R F = S N R 0 γ R F .
i Z F = 2 R K U A S A L O cos ( Δ φ ) d U .
< i Z F 2 > = ( 2 R K ) 2 [ U A S A L O cos ( Δ φ ) d U ] 2
γ Z F = [ U A S A L O cos ( Δ φ ) d U ] 2 U A S 2 d U U A L O 2 d U ,
S N R Z F = 2 S N R 0 γ Z F .
B E R = 1 2 e r f c ( Q 2 ) ,
Q = S N R 1 / 2
S N R 0 = 2 η P S h ν B = 2 η h ν B N P h ν B = 2 η N P ,
B E R Z F = 1 2 e r f c ( 2 η N P γ Z F ) .
B E R R F = 1 2 e r f c ( η N P γ R F ) .

Metrics