Abstract

A new scheme to generate an intense isolated few-cycle attosecond XUV pulse is demonstrated using particle-in-cell simulations. By use of unipolarlike or subcycle laser pulses irradiating a thin foil target, a strong transverse net current can be excited, which emits a few-cycle XUV pulse from the target rear side. The isolated pulse is ultrashort in the time domain with duration of several hundred attoseconds. The pulse also has a narrow bandwidth in the spectral domain compared to other XUV sources of high-order harmonics. It has most energy confined around the plasma frequency and no low-harmonic orders below the plasma frequency. It is also shown that XUV pulse of peak field strength up to 8 × 1012 Vm−1 can be produced. Without the need for pulse selecting and spectral filtering, such an intense few-cycle XUV pulse is better suited to a number of applications.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article
OSA Recommended Articles
Control of ultra-intense single attosecond pulse generation in laser-driven overdense plasmas

Qingcao Liu, Yanxia Xu, Xin Qi, Xiaoying Zhao, Liangliang Ji, Tongpu Yu, Luo Wei, Lei Yang, and Bitao Hu
Opt. Express 21(26) 31925-31939 (2013)

Towards intense isolated attosecond pulses from relativistic surface high harmonics

Olga Jahn, Vyacheslav E. Leshchenko, Paraskevas Tzallas, Alexander Kessel, Mathias Krüger, Andreas Münzer, Sergei A. Trushin, George D. Tsakiris, Subhendu Kahaly, Dmitrii Kormin, Laszlo Veisz, Vladimir Pervak, Ferenc Krausz, Zsuzsanna Major, and Stefan Karsch
Optica 6(3) 280-287 (2019)

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. C. Winterfeldt, C. Spielmann, and G. Gerber, “Optimal control of high-harmonic generation,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 80, 117–140 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  2. U. Teubner and P. Gibbon, “High-order harmonics from laser-irradiated plasma surfaces,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 81, 445–479 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  3. F. Krausz and M. Ivanov, “Attosecond physics,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 81, 163–234 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  4. Z. Zhang, L.-Y. Peng, Q. Gong, and T. Morishita, “Momentum space analysis of multiphoton double ionization of helium by intense attosecond xuv pulses,” Opt. Express 18, 8976–8989 (2010).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  5. P. Heissler, P. Tzallas, J. M. Mikhailova, K. Khrennikov, L. Waldecker, F. Krausz, S. Karsch, D. Charalambidis, and G. D. Tsakiris, “Two-photon above-threshold ionization using extreme-ultraviolet harmonic emission from relativistic laserplasma interaction,” New J. Phys. 14, 043025 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  6. A. Borot, A. Malvache, X. Chen, A. Jullien, J.-P. Geindre, P. Audebert, G. Mourou, F. Quéré, and R. Lopez-Martens, “Attosecond control of collective electron motion in plasmas,” Nat. Phys. 8, 416–421 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  7. S. Dobosz, G. Doumy, H. Stabile, P. D’Oliveira, P. Monot, F. Réau, S. Hüller, and Ph. Martin, “Probing hot and dense laser-induced plasmas with ultrafast XUV pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 025001 (2005).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  8. P. B. Corkum, “Plasma perspective on strong field multiphoton ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 1994–1997 (1993).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  9. F. Quéré, C. Thaury, P. Monot, S. Dobosz, P. Martin, J.-P. Geindre, and P. Audebert, “Coherent wake emission of high-order harmonics from overdense plasmas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 125004 (2006).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  10. C. Thaury, F. Quéré, J.-P. Geindre, A. Levy, T. Ceccotti, P. Monot, M. Bougeard, F. Rau, P. d’Oliveira, P. Audebert, R. Marjoribanks, and P. Martin, “Plasma mirrors for ultrahigh-intensity optics,” Nat. Phys. 3, 424–429 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  11. Y. Nomura, R. Hörlein, P. Tzallas, B. Dromey, S. Rykovanov, Zs. Major, J. Osterhoff, S. Karsch, L. Veisz, M. Zepf, D. Charalambidis, F. Krausz, and G. D. Tsakiris, “Attosecond phase locking of harmonics emitted from laser-produced plasmas,” Nat. Phys. 5, 124–128 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  12. J. A. Wheeler, A. Borot, S. Monchocé, H. Vincenti, A. Ricci, A. Malvache, R. Lopez-Martens, and F. Quéré, “Attosecond lighthouses from plasma mirrors,” Nat. Photonics 6, 829–833 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  13. S. V. Bulanov, N. M. Naumova, and F. Pegoraro, “Interaction of an ultrashort, relativistically strong laser pulse with an overdense plasma,” Phys. Plasmas 1, 745–757 (1994).
    [Crossref]
  14. R. Lichters, J. Meyer-ter-Vehn, and A. Pukhov, “Short-pulse laser harmonics from oscillating plasma surfaces driven at relativistic intensity,” Phys. Plasmas 3, 3425–3437 (1996).
    [Crossref]
  15. T. Baeva, S. Gordienko, and A. Pukhov, “Theory of high-order harmonic generation in relativistic laser interaction with overdense plasma,” Phys. Rev. E 74, 046404 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  16. B. Dromey, M. Zepf, A. Gopal, K. Lancaster, M. S. Wei, K. Krushelnick, M. Tatarakis, N. Vakakis, S. Moustaizis, R. Kodama, M. Tampo, C. Stoeckl, R. Clarke, H. Habara, D. Neely, S. Karsch, and P. Norreys, “High harmonic generation in the relativistic limit,” Nat. Phys. 2, 456–459 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  17. D. an der Brügge and A. Pukhov, “Enhanced relativistic harmonics by electron nanobunching,” Phys. Plasmas 17, 033110 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  18. B. Dromey, S. Rykovanov, M. Yeung, R. Hörlein, D. Jung, D. C. Gautier, T. Dzelzainis, D. Kiefer, S. Palaniyppan, R. Shah, J. Schreiber, H. Ruhl, J. C. Fernandez, C. L. S. Lewis, M. Zepf, and B. M. Hegelich, “Coherent synchrotron emission from electron nanobunches formed in relativistic laserplasma interactions,” Nat. Phys. 8, 804–808 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  19. S. G. Rykovanov, M. Geissler, J. Meyer-ter-Vehn, and G. D. Tsakiris, “Intense single attosecond pulses from surface harmonics using the polarization gating technique,” New J. Phys. 10, 025025 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  20. P. Heissler, R. Hörlein, J. M. Mikhailova, L. Waldecker, P. Tzallas, A. Buck, K. Schmid, C. M. S. Sears, F. Krausz, L. Veisz, M. Zepf, and G. D. Tsakiris, “Few-cycle driven relativistically oscillating plasma mirrors a source of intense isolated attosecond pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 235003 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  21. L. Liu, C. Xia, J. Liu, W. Wang, Y. Cai, C. Wang, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Control of single attosecond pulse generation from the reflection of a synthesized relativistic laser pulse on a solid surface,” Phys. Plasmas 15, 103107 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  22. C. Nieter and J. R. Cary, “VORPAL: a versatile plasma simulation code,” J. Comput. Phys. 196, 448–473 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  23. H. Y. Wang, C. Lin, Z. M. Sheng, B. Liu, S. Zhao, Z. Y. Guo, Y. R. Lu, X. T. He, J. E. Chen, and X. Q. Yan, “Laser shaping of a relativistic intense, short Gaussian pulse by a plasma lens,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 265002 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  24. X.-Y. Li, Y. Yu, B.-F. Shen, J.-X. Wang, W.-J. Zhu, Z.-Y. Chen, and Y. Ye, “Ultrasharp-front laser pulses generated by energetic-electron flux triggering of laser propagation in overdense plasmas,” Phys. Rev. E 88, 023106 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  25. L. L. Ji, B. F. Shen, X. M. Zhang, F. C. Wang, Z. Y. Jin, C. Q. Xia, M. Wen, W. P. Wang, J. C. Xu, and M. Y. Yu, “Generating quasi-single-cycle relativistic laser pulses by laser-foil interaction,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 215005 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  26. Z.-Y. Chen, “High field terahertz pulse generation from plasma wakefield driven by tailored laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102, 241104 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  27. B. Rau, T. Tajima, and H. Hojo, “Coherentelectron acceleration by subcycle laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 3310–3313 (1997).
    [Crossref]
  28. H.-C. Wu, Z.-M. Sheng, and J. Zhang, “Single-cycle powerful megawatt to gigawatt terahertz pulse radiated from a wavelength-scale plasma oscillator,” Phys. Rev. E 77, 046405 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  29. D. Kiefer, M. Yeung, T. Dzelzainis, P. S. Foster, S. G. Rykovanov, C. L. S. Lewis, R. S. Marjoribanks, H. Ruhl, D. Habs, J. Schreiber, M. Zepf, and B. Dromey, “Relativistic electron mirrors from nanoscale foils for coherent frequency upshift to the extreme ultraviolet,” Nat. Commun. 4, 1763 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  30. H.-C. Wu and J. Meyer-ter-Vehn, “Giant half-cycle attosecond pulses,” Nat. Photonics 6, 304–307 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  31. A. G. Khachatryan, F. A. van Goor, and K.-J. Boller, “Interaction of free charged particles with a chirped electromagnetic pulse,” Phys. Rev. E 70, 067601 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  32. M. Kundu, P. K. Kaw, and D. Bauer, “Laser-cluster interaction with subcycle pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 85, 023202 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  33. S. Gordienko and A. Pukhov, “Scalings for ultrarelativistic laser plasmas and quasimonoenergetic electrons,” Phys. Plasmas 12, 043109 (2005).
    [Crossref]

2013 (3)

X.-Y. Li, Y. Yu, B.-F. Shen, J.-X. Wang, W.-J. Zhu, Z.-Y. Chen, and Y. Ye, “Ultrasharp-front laser pulses generated by energetic-electron flux triggering of laser propagation in overdense plasmas,” Phys. Rev. E 88, 023106 (2013).
[Crossref]

Z.-Y. Chen, “High field terahertz pulse generation from plasma wakefield driven by tailored laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102, 241104 (2013).
[Crossref]

D. Kiefer, M. Yeung, T. Dzelzainis, P. S. Foster, S. G. Rykovanov, C. L. S. Lewis, R. S. Marjoribanks, H. Ruhl, D. Habs, J. Schreiber, M. Zepf, and B. Dromey, “Relativistic electron mirrors from nanoscale foils for coherent frequency upshift to the extreme ultraviolet,” Nat. Commun. 4, 1763 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2012 (7)

H.-C. Wu and J. Meyer-ter-Vehn, “Giant half-cycle attosecond pulses,” Nat. Photonics 6, 304–307 (2012).
[Crossref]

M. Kundu, P. K. Kaw, and D. Bauer, “Laser-cluster interaction with subcycle pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 85, 023202 (2012).
[Crossref]

B. Dromey, S. Rykovanov, M. Yeung, R. Hörlein, D. Jung, D. C. Gautier, T. Dzelzainis, D. Kiefer, S. Palaniyppan, R. Shah, J. Schreiber, H. Ruhl, J. C. Fernandez, C. L. S. Lewis, M. Zepf, and B. M. Hegelich, “Coherent synchrotron emission from electron nanobunches formed in relativistic laserplasma interactions,” Nat. Phys. 8, 804–808 (2012).
[Crossref]

P. Heissler, R. Hörlein, J. M. Mikhailova, L. Waldecker, P. Tzallas, A. Buck, K. Schmid, C. M. S. Sears, F. Krausz, L. Veisz, M. Zepf, and G. D. Tsakiris, “Few-cycle driven relativistically oscillating plasma mirrors a source of intense isolated attosecond pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 235003 (2012).
[Crossref]

P. Heissler, P. Tzallas, J. M. Mikhailova, K. Khrennikov, L. Waldecker, F. Krausz, S. Karsch, D. Charalambidis, and G. D. Tsakiris, “Two-photon above-threshold ionization using extreme-ultraviolet harmonic emission from relativistic laserplasma interaction,” New J. Phys. 14, 043025 (2012).
[Crossref]

A. Borot, A. Malvache, X. Chen, A. Jullien, J.-P. Geindre, P. Audebert, G. Mourou, F. Quéré, and R. Lopez-Martens, “Attosecond control of collective electron motion in plasmas,” Nat. Phys. 8, 416–421 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. A. Wheeler, A. Borot, S. Monchocé, H. Vincenti, A. Ricci, A. Malvache, R. Lopez-Martens, and F. Quéré, “Attosecond lighthouses from plasma mirrors,” Nat. Photonics 6, 829–833 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (1)

H. Y. Wang, C. Lin, Z. M. Sheng, B. Liu, S. Zhao, Z. Y. Guo, Y. R. Lu, X. T. He, J. E. Chen, and X. Q. Yan, “Laser shaping of a relativistic intense, short Gaussian pulse by a plasma lens,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 265002 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (2)

2009 (3)

U. Teubner and P. Gibbon, “High-order harmonics from laser-irradiated plasma surfaces,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 81, 445–479 (2009).
[Crossref]

F. Krausz and M. Ivanov, “Attosecond physics,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 81, 163–234 (2009).
[Crossref]

L. L. Ji, B. F. Shen, X. M. Zhang, F. C. Wang, Z. Y. Jin, C. Q. Xia, M. Wen, W. P. Wang, J. C. Xu, and M. Y. Yu, “Generating quasi-single-cycle relativistic laser pulses by laser-foil interaction,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 215005 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (5)

L. Liu, C. Xia, J. Liu, W. Wang, Y. Cai, C. Wang, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Control of single attosecond pulse generation from the reflection of a synthesized relativistic laser pulse on a solid surface,” Phys. Plasmas 15, 103107 (2008).
[Crossref]

S. G. Rykovanov, M. Geissler, J. Meyer-ter-Vehn, and G. D. Tsakiris, “Intense single attosecond pulses from surface harmonics using the polarization gating technique,” New J. Phys. 10, 025025 (2008).
[Crossref]

H.-C. Wu, Z.-M. Sheng, and J. Zhang, “Single-cycle powerful megawatt to gigawatt terahertz pulse radiated from a wavelength-scale plasma oscillator,” Phys. Rev. E 77, 046405 (2008).
[Crossref]

C. Winterfeldt, C. Spielmann, and G. Gerber, “Optimal control of high-harmonic generation,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 80, 117–140 (2008).
[Crossref]

Y. Nomura, R. Hörlein, P. Tzallas, B. Dromey, S. Rykovanov, Zs. Major, J. Osterhoff, S. Karsch, L. Veisz, M. Zepf, D. Charalambidis, F. Krausz, and G. D. Tsakiris, “Attosecond phase locking of harmonics emitted from laser-produced plasmas,” Nat. Phys. 5, 124–128 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (1)

C. Thaury, F. Quéré, J.-P. Geindre, A. Levy, T. Ceccotti, P. Monot, M. Bougeard, F. Rau, P. d’Oliveira, P. Audebert, R. Marjoribanks, and P. Martin, “Plasma mirrors for ultrahigh-intensity optics,” Nat. Phys. 3, 424–429 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (3)

F. Quéré, C. Thaury, P. Monot, S. Dobosz, P. Martin, J.-P. Geindre, and P. Audebert, “Coherent wake emission of high-order harmonics from overdense plasmas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 125004 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Baeva, S. Gordienko, and A. Pukhov, “Theory of high-order harmonic generation in relativistic laser interaction with overdense plasma,” Phys. Rev. E 74, 046404 (2006).
[Crossref]

B. Dromey, M. Zepf, A. Gopal, K. Lancaster, M. S. Wei, K. Krushelnick, M. Tatarakis, N. Vakakis, S. Moustaizis, R. Kodama, M. Tampo, C. Stoeckl, R. Clarke, H. Habara, D. Neely, S. Karsch, and P. Norreys, “High harmonic generation in the relativistic limit,” Nat. Phys. 2, 456–459 (2006).
[Crossref]

2005 (2)

S. Dobosz, G. Doumy, H. Stabile, P. D’Oliveira, P. Monot, F. Réau, S. Hüller, and Ph. Martin, “Probing hot and dense laser-induced plasmas with ultrafast XUV pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 025001 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Gordienko and A. Pukhov, “Scalings for ultrarelativistic laser plasmas and quasimonoenergetic electrons,” Phys. Plasmas 12, 043109 (2005).
[Crossref]

2004 (2)

A. G. Khachatryan, F. A. van Goor, and K.-J. Boller, “Interaction of free charged particles with a chirped electromagnetic pulse,” Phys. Rev. E 70, 067601 (2004).
[Crossref]

C. Nieter and J. R. Cary, “VORPAL: a versatile plasma simulation code,” J. Comput. Phys. 196, 448–473 (2004).
[Crossref]

1997 (1)

B. Rau, T. Tajima, and H. Hojo, “Coherentelectron acceleration by subcycle laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 3310–3313 (1997).
[Crossref]

1996 (1)

R. Lichters, J. Meyer-ter-Vehn, and A. Pukhov, “Short-pulse laser harmonics from oscillating plasma surfaces driven at relativistic intensity,” Phys. Plasmas 3, 3425–3437 (1996).
[Crossref]

1994 (1)

S. V. Bulanov, N. M. Naumova, and F. Pegoraro, “Interaction of an ultrashort, relativistically strong laser pulse with an overdense plasma,” Phys. Plasmas 1, 745–757 (1994).
[Crossref]

1993 (1)

P. B. Corkum, “Plasma perspective on strong field multiphoton ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 1994–1997 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

an der Brügge, D.

D. an der Brügge and A. Pukhov, “Enhanced relativistic harmonics by electron nanobunching,” Phys. Plasmas 17, 033110 (2010).
[Crossref]

Audebert, P.

A. Borot, A. Malvache, X. Chen, A. Jullien, J.-P. Geindre, P. Audebert, G. Mourou, F. Quéré, and R. Lopez-Martens, “Attosecond control of collective electron motion in plasmas,” Nat. Phys. 8, 416–421 (2012).
[Crossref]

C. Thaury, F. Quéré, J.-P. Geindre, A. Levy, T. Ceccotti, P. Monot, M. Bougeard, F. Rau, P. d’Oliveira, P. Audebert, R. Marjoribanks, and P. Martin, “Plasma mirrors for ultrahigh-intensity optics,” Nat. Phys. 3, 424–429 (2007).
[Crossref]

F. Quéré, C. Thaury, P. Monot, S. Dobosz, P. Martin, J.-P. Geindre, and P. Audebert, “Coherent wake emission of high-order harmonics from overdense plasmas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 125004 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Baeva, T.

T. Baeva, S. Gordienko, and A. Pukhov, “Theory of high-order harmonic generation in relativistic laser interaction with overdense plasma,” Phys. Rev. E 74, 046404 (2006).
[Crossref]

Bauer, D.

M. Kundu, P. K. Kaw, and D. Bauer, “Laser-cluster interaction with subcycle pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 85, 023202 (2012).
[Crossref]

Boller, K.-J.

A. G. Khachatryan, F. A. van Goor, and K.-J. Boller, “Interaction of free charged particles with a chirped electromagnetic pulse,” Phys. Rev. E 70, 067601 (2004).
[Crossref]

Borot, A.

A. Borot, A. Malvache, X. Chen, A. Jullien, J.-P. Geindre, P. Audebert, G. Mourou, F. Quéré, and R. Lopez-Martens, “Attosecond control of collective electron motion in plasmas,” Nat. Phys. 8, 416–421 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. A. Wheeler, A. Borot, S. Monchocé, H. Vincenti, A. Ricci, A. Malvache, R. Lopez-Martens, and F. Quéré, “Attosecond lighthouses from plasma mirrors,” Nat. Photonics 6, 829–833 (2012).
[Crossref]

Bougeard, M.

C. Thaury, F. Quéré, J.-P. Geindre, A. Levy, T. Ceccotti, P. Monot, M. Bougeard, F. Rau, P. d’Oliveira, P. Audebert, R. Marjoribanks, and P. Martin, “Plasma mirrors for ultrahigh-intensity optics,” Nat. Phys. 3, 424–429 (2007).
[Crossref]

Buck, A.

P. Heissler, R. Hörlein, J. M. Mikhailova, L. Waldecker, P. Tzallas, A. Buck, K. Schmid, C. M. S. Sears, F. Krausz, L. Veisz, M. Zepf, and G. D. Tsakiris, “Few-cycle driven relativistically oscillating plasma mirrors a source of intense isolated attosecond pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 235003 (2012).
[Crossref]

Bulanov, S. V.

S. V. Bulanov, N. M. Naumova, and F. Pegoraro, “Interaction of an ultrashort, relativistically strong laser pulse with an overdense plasma,” Phys. Plasmas 1, 745–757 (1994).
[Crossref]

Cai, Y.

L. Liu, C. Xia, J. Liu, W. Wang, Y. Cai, C. Wang, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Control of single attosecond pulse generation from the reflection of a synthesized relativistic laser pulse on a solid surface,” Phys. Plasmas 15, 103107 (2008).
[Crossref]

Cary, J. R.

C. Nieter and J. R. Cary, “VORPAL: a versatile plasma simulation code,” J. Comput. Phys. 196, 448–473 (2004).
[Crossref]

Ceccotti, T.

C. Thaury, F. Quéré, J.-P. Geindre, A. Levy, T. Ceccotti, P. Monot, M. Bougeard, F. Rau, P. d’Oliveira, P. Audebert, R. Marjoribanks, and P. Martin, “Plasma mirrors for ultrahigh-intensity optics,” Nat. Phys. 3, 424–429 (2007).
[Crossref]

Charalambidis, D.

P. Heissler, P. Tzallas, J. M. Mikhailova, K. Khrennikov, L. Waldecker, F. Krausz, S. Karsch, D. Charalambidis, and G. D. Tsakiris, “Two-photon above-threshold ionization using extreme-ultraviolet harmonic emission from relativistic laserplasma interaction,” New J. Phys. 14, 043025 (2012).
[Crossref]

Y. Nomura, R. Hörlein, P. Tzallas, B. Dromey, S. Rykovanov, Zs. Major, J. Osterhoff, S. Karsch, L. Veisz, M. Zepf, D. Charalambidis, F. Krausz, and G. D. Tsakiris, “Attosecond phase locking of harmonics emitted from laser-produced plasmas,” Nat. Phys. 5, 124–128 (2008).
[Crossref]

Chen, J. E.

H. Y. Wang, C. Lin, Z. M. Sheng, B. Liu, S. Zhao, Z. Y. Guo, Y. R. Lu, X. T. He, J. E. Chen, and X. Q. Yan, “Laser shaping of a relativistic intense, short Gaussian pulse by a plasma lens,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 265002 (2011).
[Crossref]

Chen, X.

A. Borot, A. Malvache, X. Chen, A. Jullien, J.-P. Geindre, P. Audebert, G. Mourou, F. Quéré, and R. Lopez-Martens, “Attosecond control of collective electron motion in plasmas,” Nat. Phys. 8, 416–421 (2012).
[Crossref]

Chen, Z.-Y.

X.-Y. Li, Y. Yu, B.-F. Shen, J.-X. Wang, W.-J. Zhu, Z.-Y. Chen, and Y. Ye, “Ultrasharp-front laser pulses generated by energetic-electron flux triggering of laser propagation in overdense plasmas,” Phys. Rev. E 88, 023106 (2013).
[Crossref]

Z.-Y. Chen, “High field terahertz pulse generation from plasma wakefield driven by tailored laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102, 241104 (2013).
[Crossref]

Clarke, R.

B. Dromey, M. Zepf, A. Gopal, K. Lancaster, M. S. Wei, K. Krushelnick, M. Tatarakis, N. Vakakis, S. Moustaizis, R. Kodama, M. Tampo, C. Stoeckl, R. Clarke, H. Habara, D. Neely, S. Karsch, and P. Norreys, “High harmonic generation in the relativistic limit,” Nat. Phys. 2, 456–459 (2006).
[Crossref]

Corkum, P. B.

P. B. Corkum, “Plasma perspective on strong field multiphoton ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 1994–1997 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

d’Oliveira, P.

C. Thaury, F. Quéré, J.-P. Geindre, A. Levy, T. Ceccotti, P. Monot, M. Bougeard, F. Rau, P. d’Oliveira, P. Audebert, R. Marjoribanks, and P. Martin, “Plasma mirrors for ultrahigh-intensity optics,” Nat. Phys. 3, 424–429 (2007).
[Crossref]

S. Dobosz, G. Doumy, H. Stabile, P. D’Oliveira, P. Monot, F. Réau, S. Hüller, and Ph. Martin, “Probing hot and dense laser-induced plasmas with ultrafast XUV pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 025001 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dobosz, S.

F. Quéré, C. Thaury, P. Monot, S. Dobosz, P. Martin, J.-P. Geindre, and P. Audebert, “Coherent wake emission of high-order harmonics from overdense plasmas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 125004 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Dobosz, G. Doumy, H. Stabile, P. D’Oliveira, P. Monot, F. Réau, S. Hüller, and Ph. Martin, “Probing hot and dense laser-induced plasmas with ultrafast XUV pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 025001 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Doumy, G.

S. Dobosz, G. Doumy, H. Stabile, P. D’Oliveira, P. Monot, F. Réau, S. Hüller, and Ph. Martin, “Probing hot and dense laser-induced plasmas with ultrafast XUV pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 025001 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dromey, B.

D. Kiefer, M. Yeung, T. Dzelzainis, P. S. Foster, S. G. Rykovanov, C. L. S. Lewis, R. S. Marjoribanks, H. Ruhl, D. Habs, J. Schreiber, M. Zepf, and B. Dromey, “Relativistic electron mirrors from nanoscale foils for coherent frequency upshift to the extreme ultraviolet,” Nat. Commun. 4, 1763 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Dromey, S. Rykovanov, M. Yeung, R. Hörlein, D. Jung, D. C. Gautier, T. Dzelzainis, D. Kiefer, S. Palaniyppan, R. Shah, J. Schreiber, H. Ruhl, J. C. Fernandez, C. L. S. Lewis, M. Zepf, and B. M. Hegelich, “Coherent synchrotron emission from electron nanobunches formed in relativistic laserplasma interactions,” Nat. Phys. 8, 804–808 (2012).
[Crossref]

Y. Nomura, R. Hörlein, P. Tzallas, B. Dromey, S. Rykovanov, Zs. Major, J. Osterhoff, S. Karsch, L. Veisz, M. Zepf, D. Charalambidis, F. Krausz, and G. D. Tsakiris, “Attosecond phase locking of harmonics emitted from laser-produced plasmas,” Nat. Phys. 5, 124–128 (2008).
[Crossref]

B. Dromey, M. Zepf, A. Gopal, K. Lancaster, M. S. Wei, K. Krushelnick, M. Tatarakis, N. Vakakis, S. Moustaizis, R. Kodama, M. Tampo, C. Stoeckl, R. Clarke, H. Habara, D. Neely, S. Karsch, and P. Norreys, “High harmonic generation in the relativistic limit,” Nat. Phys. 2, 456–459 (2006).
[Crossref]

Dzelzainis, T.

D. Kiefer, M. Yeung, T. Dzelzainis, P. S. Foster, S. G. Rykovanov, C. L. S. Lewis, R. S. Marjoribanks, H. Ruhl, D. Habs, J. Schreiber, M. Zepf, and B. Dromey, “Relativistic electron mirrors from nanoscale foils for coherent frequency upshift to the extreme ultraviolet,” Nat. Commun. 4, 1763 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Dromey, S. Rykovanov, M. Yeung, R. Hörlein, D. Jung, D. C. Gautier, T. Dzelzainis, D. Kiefer, S. Palaniyppan, R. Shah, J. Schreiber, H. Ruhl, J. C. Fernandez, C. L. S. Lewis, M. Zepf, and B. M. Hegelich, “Coherent synchrotron emission from electron nanobunches formed in relativistic laserplasma interactions,” Nat. Phys. 8, 804–808 (2012).
[Crossref]

Fernandez, J. C.

B. Dromey, S. Rykovanov, M. Yeung, R. Hörlein, D. Jung, D. C. Gautier, T. Dzelzainis, D. Kiefer, S. Palaniyppan, R. Shah, J. Schreiber, H. Ruhl, J. C. Fernandez, C. L. S. Lewis, M. Zepf, and B. M. Hegelich, “Coherent synchrotron emission from electron nanobunches formed in relativistic laserplasma interactions,” Nat. Phys. 8, 804–808 (2012).
[Crossref]

Foster, P. S.

D. Kiefer, M. Yeung, T. Dzelzainis, P. S. Foster, S. G. Rykovanov, C. L. S. Lewis, R. S. Marjoribanks, H. Ruhl, D. Habs, J. Schreiber, M. Zepf, and B. Dromey, “Relativistic electron mirrors from nanoscale foils for coherent frequency upshift to the extreme ultraviolet,” Nat. Commun. 4, 1763 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gautier, D. C.

B. Dromey, S. Rykovanov, M. Yeung, R. Hörlein, D. Jung, D. C. Gautier, T. Dzelzainis, D. Kiefer, S. Palaniyppan, R. Shah, J. Schreiber, H. Ruhl, J. C. Fernandez, C. L. S. Lewis, M. Zepf, and B. M. Hegelich, “Coherent synchrotron emission from electron nanobunches formed in relativistic laserplasma interactions,” Nat. Phys. 8, 804–808 (2012).
[Crossref]

Geindre, J.-P.

A. Borot, A. Malvache, X. Chen, A. Jullien, J.-P. Geindre, P. Audebert, G. Mourou, F. Quéré, and R. Lopez-Martens, “Attosecond control of collective electron motion in plasmas,” Nat. Phys. 8, 416–421 (2012).
[Crossref]

C. Thaury, F. Quéré, J.-P. Geindre, A. Levy, T. Ceccotti, P. Monot, M. Bougeard, F. Rau, P. d’Oliveira, P. Audebert, R. Marjoribanks, and P. Martin, “Plasma mirrors for ultrahigh-intensity optics,” Nat. Phys. 3, 424–429 (2007).
[Crossref]

F. Quéré, C. Thaury, P. Monot, S. Dobosz, P. Martin, J.-P. Geindre, and P. Audebert, “Coherent wake emission of high-order harmonics from overdense plasmas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 125004 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Geissler, M.

S. G. Rykovanov, M. Geissler, J. Meyer-ter-Vehn, and G. D. Tsakiris, “Intense single attosecond pulses from surface harmonics using the polarization gating technique,” New J. Phys. 10, 025025 (2008).
[Crossref]

Gerber, G.

C. Winterfeldt, C. Spielmann, and G. Gerber, “Optimal control of high-harmonic generation,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 80, 117–140 (2008).
[Crossref]

Gibbon, P.

U. Teubner and P. Gibbon, “High-order harmonics from laser-irradiated plasma surfaces,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 81, 445–479 (2009).
[Crossref]

Gong, Q.

Gopal, A.

B. Dromey, M. Zepf, A. Gopal, K. Lancaster, M. S. Wei, K. Krushelnick, M. Tatarakis, N. Vakakis, S. Moustaizis, R. Kodama, M. Tampo, C. Stoeckl, R. Clarke, H. Habara, D. Neely, S. Karsch, and P. Norreys, “High harmonic generation in the relativistic limit,” Nat. Phys. 2, 456–459 (2006).
[Crossref]

Gordienko, S.

T. Baeva, S. Gordienko, and A. Pukhov, “Theory of high-order harmonic generation in relativistic laser interaction with overdense plasma,” Phys. Rev. E 74, 046404 (2006).
[Crossref]

S. Gordienko and A. Pukhov, “Scalings for ultrarelativistic laser plasmas and quasimonoenergetic electrons,” Phys. Plasmas 12, 043109 (2005).
[Crossref]

Guo, Z. Y.

H. Y. Wang, C. Lin, Z. M. Sheng, B. Liu, S. Zhao, Z. Y. Guo, Y. R. Lu, X. T. He, J. E. Chen, and X. Q. Yan, “Laser shaping of a relativistic intense, short Gaussian pulse by a plasma lens,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 265002 (2011).
[Crossref]

Habara, H.

B. Dromey, M. Zepf, A. Gopal, K. Lancaster, M. S. Wei, K. Krushelnick, M. Tatarakis, N. Vakakis, S. Moustaizis, R. Kodama, M. Tampo, C. Stoeckl, R. Clarke, H. Habara, D. Neely, S. Karsch, and P. Norreys, “High harmonic generation in the relativistic limit,” Nat. Phys. 2, 456–459 (2006).
[Crossref]

Habs, D.

D. Kiefer, M. Yeung, T. Dzelzainis, P. S. Foster, S. G. Rykovanov, C. L. S. Lewis, R. S. Marjoribanks, H. Ruhl, D. Habs, J. Schreiber, M. Zepf, and B. Dromey, “Relativistic electron mirrors from nanoscale foils for coherent frequency upshift to the extreme ultraviolet,” Nat. Commun. 4, 1763 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

He, X. T.

H. Y. Wang, C. Lin, Z. M. Sheng, B. Liu, S. Zhao, Z. Y. Guo, Y. R. Lu, X. T. He, J. E. Chen, and X. Q. Yan, “Laser shaping of a relativistic intense, short Gaussian pulse by a plasma lens,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 265002 (2011).
[Crossref]

Hegelich, B. M.

B. Dromey, S. Rykovanov, M. Yeung, R. Hörlein, D. Jung, D. C. Gautier, T. Dzelzainis, D. Kiefer, S. Palaniyppan, R. Shah, J. Schreiber, H. Ruhl, J. C. Fernandez, C. L. S. Lewis, M. Zepf, and B. M. Hegelich, “Coherent synchrotron emission from electron nanobunches formed in relativistic laserplasma interactions,” Nat. Phys. 8, 804–808 (2012).
[Crossref]

Heissler, P.

P. Heissler, R. Hörlein, J. M. Mikhailova, L. Waldecker, P. Tzallas, A. Buck, K. Schmid, C. M. S. Sears, F. Krausz, L. Veisz, M. Zepf, and G. D. Tsakiris, “Few-cycle driven relativistically oscillating plasma mirrors a source of intense isolated attosecond pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 235003 (2012).
[Crossref]

P. Heissler, P. Tzallas, J. M. Mikhailova, K. Khrennikov, L. Waldecker, F. Krausz, S. Karsch, D. Charalambidis, and G. D. Tsakiris, “Two-photon above-threshold ionization using extreme-ultraviolet harmonic emission from relativistic laserplasma interaction,” New J. Phys. 14, 043025 (2012).
[Crossref]

Hojo, H.

B. Rau, T. Tajima, and H. Hojo, “Coherentelectron acceleration by subcycle laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 3310–3313 (1997).
[Crossref]

Hörlein, R.

P. Heissler, R. Hörlein, J. M. Mikhailova, L. Waldecker, P. Tzallas, A. Buck, K. Schmid, C. M. S. Sears, F. Krausz, L. Veisz, M. Zepf, and G. D. Tsakiris, “Few-cycle driven relativistically oscillating plasma mirrors a source of intense isolated attosecond pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 235003 (2012).
[Crossref]

B. Dromey, S. Rykovanov, M. Yeung, R. Hörlein, D. Jung, D. C. Gautier, T. Dzelzainis, D. Kiefer, S. Palaniyppan, R. Shah, J. Schreiber, H. Ruhl, J. C. Fernandez, C. L. S. Lewis, M. Zepf, and B. M. Hegelich, “Coherent synchrotron emission from electron nanobunches formed in relativistic laserplasma interactions,” Nat. Phys. 8, 804–808 (2012).
[Crossref]

Y. Nomura, R. Hörlein, P. Tzallas, B. Dromey, S. Rykovanov, Zs. Major, J. Osterhoff, S. Karsch, L. Veisz, M. Zepf, D. Charalambidis, F. Krausz, and G. D. Tsakiris, “Attosecond phase locking of harmonics emitted from laser-produced plasmas,” Nat. Phys. 5, 124–128 (2008).
[Crossref]

Hüller, S.

S. Dobosz, G. Doumy, H. Stabile, P. D’Oliveira, P. Monot, F. Réau, S. Hüller, and Ph. Martin, “Probing hot and dense laser-induced plasmas with ultrafast XUV pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 025001 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ivanov, M.

F. Krausz and M. Ivanov, “Attosecond physics,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 81, 163–234 (2009).
[Crossref]

Ji, L. L.

L. L. Ji, B. F. Shen, X. M. Zhang, F. C. Wang, Z. Y. Jin, C. Q. Xia, M. Wen, W. P. Wang, J. C. Xu, and M. Y. Yu, “Generating quasi-single-cycle relativistic laser pulses by laser-foil interaction,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 215005 (2009).
[Crossref]

Jin, Z. Y.

L. L. Ji, B. F. Shen, X. M. Zhang, F. C. Wang, Z. Y. Jin, C. Q. Xia, M. Wen, W. P. Wang, J. C. Xu, and M. Y. Yu, “Generating quasi-single-cycle relativistic laser pulses by laser-foil interaction,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 215005 (2009).
[Crossref]

Jullien, A.

A. Borot, A. Malvache, X. Chen, A. Jullien, J.-P. Geindre, P. Audebert, G. Mourou, F. Quéré, and R. Lopez-Martens, “Attosecond control of collective electron motion in plasmas,” Nat. Phys. 8, 416–421 (2012).
[Crossref]

Jung, D.

B. Dromey, S. Rykovanov, M. Yeung, R. Hörlein, D. Jung, D. C. Gautier, T. Dzelzainis, D. Kiefer, S. Palaniyppan, R. Shah, J. Schreiber, H. Ruhl, J. C. Fernandez, C. L. S. Lewis, M. Zepf, and B. M. Hegelich, “Coherent synchrotron emission from electron nanobunches formed in relativistic laserplasma interactions,” Nat. Phys. 8, 804–808 (2012).
[Crossref]

Karsch, S.

P. Heissler, P. Tzallas, J. M. Mikhailova, K. Khrennikov, L. Waldecker, F. Krausz, S. Karsch, D. Charalambidis, and G. D. Tsakiris, “Two-photon above-threshold ionization using extreme-ultraviolet harmonic emission from relativistic laserplasma interaction,” New J. Phys. 14, 043025 (2012).
[Crossref]

Y. Nomura, R. Hörlein, P. Tzallas, B. Dromey, S. Rykovanov, Zs. Major, J. Osterhoff, S. Karsch, L. Veisz, M. Zepf, D. Charalambidis, F. Krausz, and G. D. Tsakiris, “Attosecond phase locking of harmonics emitted from laser-produced plasmas,” Nat. Phys. 5, 124–128 (2008).
[Crossref]

B. Dromey, M. Zepf, A. Gopal, K. Lancaster, M. S. Wei, K. Krushelnick, M. Tatarakis, N. Vakakis, S. Moustaizis, R. Kodama, M. Tampo, C. Stoeckl, R. Clarke, H. Habara, D. Neely, S. Karsch, and P. Norreys, “High harmonic generation in the relativistic limit,” Nat. Phys. 2, 456–459 (2006).
[Crossref]

Kaw, P. K.

M. Kundu, P. K. Kaw, and D. Bauer, “Laser-cluster interaction with subcycle pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 85, 023202 (2012).
[Crossref]

Khachatryan, A. G.

A. G. Khachatryan, F. A. van Goor, and K.-J. Boller, “Interaction of free charged particles with a chirped electromagnetic pulse,” Phys. Rev. E 70, 067601 (2004).
[Crossref]

Khrennikov, K.

P. Heissler, P. Tzallas, J. M. Mikhailova, K. Khrennikov, L. Waldecker, F. Krausz, S. Karsch, D. Charalambidis, and G. D. Tsakiris, “Two-photon above-threshold ionization using extreme-ultraviolet harmonic emission from relativistic laserplasma interaction,” New J. Phys. 14, 043025 (2012).
[Crossref]

Kiefer, D.

D. Kiefer, M. Yeung, T. Dzelzainis, P. S. Foster, S. G. Rykovanov, C. L. S. Lewis, R. S. Marjoribanks, H. Ruhl, D. Habs, J. Schreiber, M. Zepf, and B. Dromey, “Relativistic electron mirrors from nanoscale foils for coherent frequency upshift to the extreme ultraviolet,” Nat. Commun. 4, 1763 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Dromey, S. Rykovanov, M. Yeung, R. Hörlein, D. Jung, D. C. Gautier, T. Dzelzainis, D. Kiefer, S. Palaniyppan, R. Shah, J. Schreiber, H. Ruhl, J. C. Fernandez, C. L. S. Lewis, M. Zepf, and B. M. Hegelich, “Coherent synchrotron emission from electron nanobunches formed in relativistic laserplasma interactions,” Nat. Phys. 8, 804–808 (2012).
[Crossref]

Kodama, R.

B. Dromey, M. Zepf, A. Gopal, K. Lancaster, M. S. Wei, K. Krushelnick, M. Tatarakis, N. Vakakis, S. Moustaizis, R. Kodama, M. Tampo, C. Stoeckl, R. Clarke, H. Habara, D. Neely, S. Karsch, and P. Norreys, “High harmonic generation in the relativistic limit,” Nat. Phys. 2, 456–459 (2006).
[Crossref]

Krausz, F.

P. Heissler, R. Hörlein, J. M. Mikhailova, L. Waldecker, P. Tzallas, A. Buck, K. Schmid, C. M. S. Sears, F. Krausz, L. Veisz, M. Zepf, and G. D. Tsakiris, “Few-cycle driven relativistically oscillating plasma mirrors a source of intense isolated attosecond pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 235003 (2012).
[Crossref]

P. Heissler, P. Tzallas, J. M. Mikhailova, K. Khrennikov, L. Waldecker, F. Krausz, S. Karsch, D. Charalambidis, and G. D. Tsakiris, “Two-photon above-threshold ionization using extreme-ultraviolet harmonic emission from relativistic laserplasma interaction,” New J. Phys. 14, 043025 (2012).
[Crossref]

F. Krausz and M. Ivanov, “Attosecond physics,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 81, 163–234 (2009).
[Crossref]

Y. Nomura, R. Hörlein, P. Tzallas, B. Dromey, S. Rykovanov, Zs. Major, J. Osterhoff, S. Karsch, L. Veisz, M. Zepf, D. Charalambidis, F. Krausz, and G. D. Tsakiris, “Attosecond phase locking of harmonics emitted from laser-produced plasmas,” Nat. Phys. 5, 124–128 (2008).
[Crossref]

Krushelnick, K.

B. Dromey, M. Zepf, A. Gopal, K. Lancaster, M. S. Wei, K. Krushelnick, M. Tatarakis, N. Vakakis, S. Moustaizis, R. Kodama, M. Tampo, C. Stoeckl, R. Clarke, H. Habara, D. Neely, S. Karsch, and P. Norreys, “High harmonic generation in the relativistic limit,” Nat. Phys. 2, 456–459 (2006).
[Crossref]

Kundu, M.

M. Kundu, P. K. Kaw, and D. Bauer, “Laser-cluster interaction with subcycle pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 85, 023202 (2012).
[Crossref]

Lancaster, K.

B. Dromey, M. Zepf, A. Gopal, K. Lancaster, M. S. Wei, K. Krushelnick, M. Tatarakis, N. Vakakis, S. Moustaizis, R. Kodama, M. Tampo, C. Stoeckl, R. Clarke, H. Habara, D. Neely, S. Karsch, and P. Norreys, “High harmonic generation in the relativistic limit,” Nat. Phys. 2, 456–459 (2006).
[Crossref]

Levy, A.

C. Thaury, F. Quéré, J.-P. Geindre, A. Levy, T. Ceccotti, P. Monot, M. Bougeard, F. Rau, P. d’Oliveira, P. Audebert, R. Marjoribanks, and P. Martin, “Plasma mirrors for ultrahigh-intensity optics,” Nat. Phys. 3, 424–429 (2007).
[Crossref]

Lewis, C. L. S.

D. Kiefer, M. Yeung, T. Dzelzainis, P. S. Foster, S. G. Rykovanov, C. L. S. Lewis, R. S. Marjoribanks, H. Ruhl, D. Habs, J. Schreiber, M. Zepf, and B. Dromey, “Relativistic electron mirrors from nanoscale foils for coherent frequency upshift to the extreme ultraviolet,” Nat. Commun. 4, 1763 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Dromey, S. Rykovanov, M. Yeung, R. Hörlein, D. Jung, D. C. Gautier, T. Dzelzainis, D. Kiefer, S. Palaniyppan, R. Shah, J. Schreiber, H. Ruhl, J. C. Fernandez, C. L. S. Lewis, M. Zepf, and B. M. Hegelich, “Coherent synchrotron emission from electron nanobunches formed in relativistic laserplasma interactions,” Nat. Phys. 8, 804–808 (2012).
[Crossref]

Li, R.

L. Liu, C. Xia, J. Liu, W. Wang, Y. Cai, C. Wang, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Control of single attosecond pulse generation from the reflection of a synthesized relativistic laser pulse on a solid surface,” Phys. Plasmas 15, 103107 (2008).
[Crossref]

Li, X.-Y.

X.-Y. Li, Y. Yu, B.-F. Shen, J.-X. Wang, W.-J. Zhu, Z.-Y. Chen, and Y. Ye, “Ultrasharp-front laser pulses generated by energetic-electron flux triggering of laser propagation in overdense plasmas,” Phys. Rev. E 88, 023106 (2013).
[Crossref]

Lichters, R.

R. Lichters, J. Meyer-ter-Vehn, and A. Pukhov, “Short-pulse laser harmonics from oscillating plasma surfaces driven at relativistic intensity,” Phys. Plasmas 3, 3425–3437 (1996).
[Crossref]

Lin, C.

H. Y. Wang, C. Lin, Z. M. Sheng, B. Liu, S. Zhao, Z. Y. Guo, Y. R. Lu, X. T. He, J. E. Chen, and X. Q. Yan, “Laser shaping of a relativistic intense, short Gaussian pulse by a plasma lens,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 265002 (2011).
[Crossref]

Liu, B.

H. Y. Wang, C. Lin, Z. M. Sheng, B. Liu, S. Zhao, Z. Y. Guo, Y. R. Lu, X. T. He, J. E. Chen, and X. Q. Yan, “Laser shaping of a relativistic intense, short Gaussian pulse by a plasma lens,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 265002 (2011).
[Crossref]

Liu, J.

L. Liu, C. Xia, J. Liu, W. Wang, Y. Cai, C. Wang, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Control of single attosecond pulse generation from the reflection of a synthesized relativistic laser pulse on a solid surface,” Phys. Plasmas 15, 103107 (2008).
[Crossref]

Liu, L.

L. Liu, C. Xia, J. Liu, W. Wang, Y. Cai, C. Wang, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Control of single attosecond pulse generation from the reflection of a synthesized relativistic laser pulse on a solid surface,” Phys. Plasmas 15, 103107 (2008).
[Crossref]

Lopez-Martens, R.

J. A. Wheeler, A. Borot, S. Monchocé, H. Vincenti, A. Ricci, A. Malvache, R. Lopez-Martens, and F. Quéré, “Attosecond lighthouses from plasma mirrors,” Nat. Photonics 6, 829–833 (2012).
[Crossref]

A. Borot, A. Malvache, X. Chen, A. Jullien, J.-P. Geindre, P. Audebert, G. Mourou, F. Quéré, and R. Lopez-Martens, “Attosecond control of collective electron motion in plasmas,” Nat. Phys. 8, 416–421 (2012).
[Crossref]

Lu, Y. R.

H. Y. Wang, C. Lin, Z. M. Sheng, B. Liu, S. Zhao, Z. Y. Guo, Y. R. Lu, X. T. He, J. E. Chen, and X. Q. Yan, “Laser shaping of a relativistic intense, short Gaussian pulse by a plasma lens,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 265002 (2011).
[Crossref]

Major, Zs.

Y. Nomura, R. Hörlein, P. Tzallas, B. Dromey, S. Rykovanov, Zs. Major, J. Osterhoff, S. Karsch, L. Veisz, M. Zepf, D. Charalambidis, F. Krausz, and G. D. Tsakiris, “Attosecond phase locking of harmonics emitted from laser-produced plasmas,” Nat. Phys. 5, 124–128 (2008).
[Crossref]

Malvache, A.

A. Borot, A. Malvache, X. Chen, A. Jullien, J.-P. Geindre, P. Audebert, G. Mourou, F. Quéré, and R. Lopez-Martens, “Attosecond control of collective electron motion in plasmas,” Nat. Phys. 8, 416–421 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. A. Wheeler, A. Borot, S. Monchocé, H. Vincenti, A. Ricci, A. Malvache, R. Lopez-Martens, and F. Quéré, “Attosecond lighthouses from plasma mirrors,” Nat. Photonics 6, 829–833 (2012).
[Crossref]

Marjoribanks, R.

C. Thaury, F. Quéré, J.-P. Geindre, A. Levy, T. Ceccotti, P. Monot, M. Bougeard, F. Rau, P. d’Oliveira, P. Audebert, R. Marjoribanks, and P. Martin, “Plasma mirrors for ultrahigh-intensity optics,” Nat. Phys. 3, 424–429 (2007).
[Crossref]

Marjoribanks, R. S.

D. Kiefer, M. Yeung, T. Dzelzainis, P. S. Foster, S. G. Rykovanov, C. L. S. Lewis, R. S. Marjoribanks, H. Ruhl, D. Habs, J. Schreiber, M. Zepf, and B. Dromey, “Relativistic electron mirrors from nanoscale foils for coherent frequency upshift to the extreme ultraviolet,” Nat. Commun. 4, 1763 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Martin, P.

C. Thaury, F. Quéré, J.-P. Geindre, A. Levy, T. Ceccotti, P. Monot, M. Bougeard, F. Rau, P. d’Oliveira, P. Audebert, R. Marjoribanks, and P. Martin, “Plasma mirrors for ultrahigh-intensity optics,” Nat. Phys. 3, 424–429 (2007).
[Crossref]

F. Quéré, C. Thaury, P. Monot, S. Dobosz, P. Martin, J.-P. Geindre, and P. Audebert, “Coherent wake emission of high-order harmonics from overdense plasmas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 125004 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Martin, Ph.

S. Dobosz, G. Doumy, H. Stabile, P. D’Oliveira, P. Monot, F. Réau, S. Hüller, and Ph. Martin, “Probing hot and dense laser-induced plasmas with ultrafast XUV pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 025001 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Meyer-ter-Vehn, J.

H.-C. Wu and J. Meyer-ter-Vehn, “Giant half-cycle attosecond pulses,” Nat. Photonics 6, 304–307 (2012).
[Crossref]

S. G. Rykovanov, M. Geissler, J. Meyer-ter-Vehn, and G. D. Tsakiris, “Intense single attosecond pulses from surface harmonics using the polarization gating technique,” New J. Phys. 10, 025025 (2008).
[Crossref]

R. Lichters, J. Meyer-ter-Vehn, and A. Pukhov, “Short-pulse laser harmonics from oscillating plasma surfaces driven at relativistic intensity,” Phys. Plasmas 3, 3425–3437 (1996).
[Crossref]

Mikhailova, J. M.

P. Heissler, P. Tzallas, J. M. Mikhailova, K. Khrennikov, L. Waldecker, F. Krausz, S. Karsch, D. Charalambidis, and G. D. Tsakiris, “Two-photon above-threshold ionization using extreme-ultraviolet harmonic emission from relativistic laserplasma interaction,” New J. Phys. 14, 043025 (2012).
[Crossref]

P. Heissler, R. Hörlein, J. M. Mikhailova, L. Waldecker, P. Tzallas, A. Buck, K. Schmid, C. M. S. Sears, F. Krausz, L. Veisz, M. Zepf, and G. D. Tsakiris, “Few-cycle driven relativistically oscillating plasma mirrors a source of intense isolated attosecond pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 235003 (2012).
[Crossref]

Monchocé, S.

J. A. Wheeler, A. Borot, S. Monchocé, H. Vincenti, A. Ricci, A. Malvache, R. Lopez-Martens, and F. Quéré, “Attosecond lighthouses from plasma mirrors,” Nat. Photonics 6, 829–833 (2012).
[Crossref]

Monot, P.

C. Thaury, F. Quéré, J.-P. Geindre, A. Levy, T. Ceccotti, P. Monot, M. Bougeard, F. Rau, P. d’Oliveira, P. Audebert, R. Marjoribanks, and P. Martin, “Plasma mirrors for ultrahigh-intensity optics,” Nat. Phys. 3, 424–429 (2007).
[Crossref]

F. Quéré, C. Thaury, P. Monot, S. Dobosz, P. Martin, J.-P. Geindre, and P. Audebert, “Coherent wake emission of high-order harmonics from overdense plasmas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 125004 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Dobosz, G. Doumy, H. Stabile, P. D’Oliveira, P. Monot, F. Réau, S. Hüller, and Ph. Martin, “Probing hot and dense laser-induced plasmas with ultrafast XUV pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 025001 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Morishita, T.

Mourou, G.

A. Borot, A. Malvache, X. Chen, A. Jullien, J.-P. Geindre, P. Audebert, G. Mourou, F. Quéré, and R. Lopez-Martens, “Attosecond control of collective electron motion in plasmas,” Nat. Phys. 8, 416–421 (2012).
[Crossref]

Moustaizis, S.

B. Dromey, M. Zepf, A. Gopal, K. Lancaster, M. S. Wei, K. Krushelnick, M. Tatarakis, N. Vakakis, S. Moustaizis, R. Kodama, M. Tampo, C. Stoeckl, R. Clarke, H. Habara, D. Neely, S. Karsch, and P. Norreys, “High harmonic generation in the relativistic limit,” Nat. Phys. 2, 456–459 (2006).
[Crossref]

Naumova, N. M.

S. V. Bulanov, N. M. Naumova, and F. Pegoraro, “Interaction of an ultrashort, relativistically strong laser pulse with an overdense plasma,” Phys. Plasmas 1, 745–757 (1994).
[Crossref]

Neely, D.

B. Dromey, M. Zepf, A. Gopal, K. Lancaster, M. S. Wei, K. Krushelnick, M. Tatarakis, N. Vakakis, S. Moustaizis, R. Kodama, M. Tampo, C. Stoeckl, R. Clarke, H. Habara, D. Neely, S. Karsch, and P. Norreys, “High harmonic generation in the relativistic limit,” Nat. Phys. 2, 456–459 (2006).
[Crossref]

Nieter, C.

C. Nieter and J. R. Cary, “VORPAL: a versatile plasma simulation code,” J. Comput. Phys. 196, 448–473 (2004).
[Crossref]

Nomura, Y.

Y. Nomura, R. Hörlein, P. Tzallas, B. Dromey, S. Rykovanov, Zs. Major, J. Osterhoff, S. Karsch, L. Veisz, M. Zepf, D. Charalambidis, F. Krausz, and G. D. Tsakiris, “Attosecond phase locking of harmonics emitted from laser-produced plasmas,” Nat. Phys. 5, 124–128 (2008).
[Crossref]

Norreys, P.

B. Dromey, M. Zepf, A. Gopal, K. Lancaster, M. S. Wei, K. Krushelnick, M. Tatarakis, N. Vakakis, S. Moustaizis, R. Kodama, M. Tampo, C. Stoeckl, R. Clarke, H. Habara, D. Neely, S. Karsch, and P. Norreys, “High harmonic generation in the relativistic limit,” Nat. Phys. 2, 456–459 (2006).
[Crossref]

Osterhoff, J.

Y. Nomura, R. Hörlein, P. Tzallas, B. Dromey, S. Rykovanov, Zs. Major, J. Osterhoff, S. Karsch, L. Veisz, M. Zepf, D. Charalambidis, F. Krausz, and G. D. Tsakiris, “Attosecond phase locking of harmonics emitted from laser-produced plasmas,” Nat. Phys. 5, 124–128 (2008).
[Crossref]

Palaniyppan, S.

B. Dromey, S. Rykovanov, M. Yeung, R. Hörlein, D. Jung, D. C. Gautier, T. Dzelzainis, D. Kiefer, S. Palaniyppan, R. Shah, J. Schreiber, H. Ruhl, J. C. Fernandez, C. L. S. Lewis, M. Zepf, and B. M. Hegelich, “Coherent synchrotron emission from electron nanobunches formed in relativistic laserplasma interactions,” Nat. Phys. 8, 804–808 (2012).
[Crossref]

Pegoraro, F.

S. V. Bulanov, N. M. Naumova, and F. Pegoraro, “Interaction of an ultrashort, relativistically strong laser pulse with an overdense plasma,” Phys. Plasmas 1, 745–757 (1994).
[Crossref]

Peng, L.-Y.

Pukhov, A.

D. an der Brügge and A. Pukhov, “Enhanced relativistic harmonics by electron nanobunching,” Phys. Plasmas 17, 033110 (2010).
[Crossref]

T. Baeva, S. Gordienko, and A. Pukhov, “Theory of high-order harmonic generation in relativistic laser interaction with overdense plasma,” Phys. Rev. E 74, 046404 (2006).
[Crossref]

S. Gordienko and A. Pukhov, “Scalings for ultrarelativistic laser plasmas and quasimonoenergetic electrons,” Phys. Plasmas 12, 043109 (2005).
[Crossref]

R. Lichters, J. Meyer-ter-Vehn, and A. Pukhov, “Short-pulse laser harmonics from oscillating plasma surfaces driven at relativistic intensity,” Phys. Plasmas 3, 3425–3437 (1996).
[Crossref]

Quéré, F.

J. A. Wheeler, A. Borot, S. Monchocé, H. Vincenti, A. Ricci, A. Malvache, R. Lopez-Martens, and F. Quéré, “Attosecond lighthouses from plasma mirrors,” Nat. Photonics 6, 829–833 (2012).
[Crossref]

A. Borot, A. Malvache, X. Chen, A. Jullien, J.-P. Geindre, P. Audebert, G. Mourou, F. Quéré, and R. Lopez-Martens, “Attosecond control of collective electron motion in plasmas,” Nat. Phys. 8, 416–421 (2012).
[Crossref]

C. Thaury, F. Quéré, J.-P. Geindre, A. Levy, T. Ceccotti, P. Monot, M. Bougeard, F. Rau, P. d’Oliveira, P. Audebert, R. Marjoribanks, and P. Martin, “Plasma mirrors for ultrahigh-intensity optics,” Nat. Phys. 3, 424–429 (2007).
[Crossref]

F. Quéré, C. Thaury, P. Monot, S. Dobosz, P. Martin, J.-P. Geindre, and P. Audebert, “Coherent wake emission of high-order harmonics from overdense plasmas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 125004 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rau, B.

B. Rau, T. Tajima, and H. Hojo, “Coherentelectron acceleration by subcycle laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 3310–3313 (1997).
[Crossref]

Rau, F.

C. Thaury, F. Quéré, J.-P. Geindre, A. Levy, T. Ceccotti, P. Monot, M. Bougeard, F. Rau, P. d’Oliveira, P. Audebert, R. Marjoribanks, and P. Martin, “Plasma mirrors for ultrahigh-intensity optics,” Nat. Phys. 3, 424–429 (2007).
[Crossref]

Réau, F.

S. Dobosz, G. Doumy, H. Stabile, P. D’Oliveira, P. Monot, F. Réau, S. Hüller, and Ph. Martin, “Probing hot and dense laser-induced plasmas with ultrafast XUV pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 025001 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ricci, A.

J. A. Wheeler, A. Borot, S. Monchocé, H. Vincenti, A. Ricci, A. Malvache, R. Lopez-Martens, and F. Quéré, “Attosecond lighthouses from plasma mirrors,” Nat. Photonics 6, 829–833 (2012).
[Crossref]

Ruhl, H.

D. Kiefer, M. Yeung, T. Dzelzainis, P. S. Foster, S. G. Rykovanov, C. L. S. Lewis, R. S. Marjoribanks, H. Ruhl, D. Habs, J. Schreiber, M. Zepf, and B. Dromey, “Relativistic electron mirrors from nanoscale foils for coherent frequency upshift to the extreme ultraviolet,” Nat. Commun. 4, 1763 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Dromey, S. Rykovanov, M. Yeung, R. Hörlein, D. Jung, D. C. Gautier, T. Dzelzainis, D. Kiefer, S. Palaniyppan, R. Shah, J. Schreiber, H. Ruhl, J. C. Fernandez, C. L. S. Lewis, M. Zepf, and B. M. Hegelich, “Coherent synchrotron emission from electron nanobunches formed in relativistic laserplasma interactions,” Nat. Phys. 8, 804–808 (2012).
[Crossref]

Rykovanov, S.

B. Dromey, S. Rykovanov, M. Yeung, R. Hörlein, D. Jung, D. C. Gautier, T. Dzelzainis, D. Kiefer, S. Palaniyppan, R. Shah, J. Schreiber, H. Ruhl, J. C. Fernandez, C. L. S. Lewis, M. Zepf, and B. M. Hegelich, “Coherent synchrotron emission from electron nanobunches formed in relativistic laserplasma interactions,” Nat. Phys. 8, 804–808 (2012).
[Crossref]

Y. Nomura, R. Hörlein, P. Tzallas, B. Dromey, S. Rykovanov, Zs. Major, J. Osterhoff, S. Karsch, L. Veisz, M. Zepf, D. Charalambidis, F. Krausz, and G. D. Tsakiris, “Attosecond phase locking of harmonics emitted from laser-produced plasmas,” Nat. Phys. 5, 124–128 (2008).
[Crossref]

Rykovanov, S. G.

D. Kiefer, M. Yeung, T. Dzelzainis, P. S. Foster, S. G. Rykovanov, C. L. S. Lewis, R. S. Marjoribanks, H. Ruhl, D. Habs, J. Schreiber, M. Zepf, and B. Dromey, “Relativistic electron mirrors from nanoscale foils for coherent frequency upshift to the extreme ultraviolet,” Nat. Commun. 4, 1763 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. G. Rykovanov, M. Geissler, J. Meyer-ter-Vehn, and G. D. Tsakiris, “Intense single attosecond pulses from surface harmonics using the polarization gating technique,” New J. Phys. 10, 025025 (2008).
[Crossref]

Schmid, K.

P. Heissler, R. Hörlein, J. M. Mikhailova, L. Waldecker, P. Tzallas, A. Buck, K. Schmid, C. M. S. Sears, F. Krausz, L. Veisz, M. Zepf, and G. D. Tsakiris, “Few-cycle driven relativistically oscillating plasma mirrors a source of intense isolated attosecond pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 235003 (2012).
[Crossref]

Schreiber, J.

D. Kiefer, M. Yeung, T. Dzelzainis, P. S. Foster, S. G. Rykovanov, C. L. S. Lewis, R. S. Marjoribanks, H. Ruhl, D. Habs, J. Schreiber, M. Zepf, and B. Dromey, “Relativistic electron mirrors from nanoscale foils for coherent frequency upshift to the extreme ultraviolet,” Nat. Commun. 4, 1763 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Dromey, S. Rykovanov, M. Yeung, R. Hörlein, D. Jung, D. C. Gautier, T. Dzelzainis, D. Kiefer, S. Palaniyppan, R. Shah, J. Schreiber, H. Ruhl, J. C. Fernandez, C. L. S. Lewis, M. Zepf, and B. M. Hegelich, “Coherent synchrotron emission from electron nanobunches formed in relativistic laserplasma interactions,” Nat. Phys. 8, 804–808 (2012).
[Crossref]

Sears, C. M. S.

P. Heissler, R. Hörlein, J. M. Mikhailova, L. Waldecker, P. Tzallas, A. Buck, K. Schmid, C. M. S. Sears, F. Krausz, L. Veisz, M. Zepf, and G. D. Tsakiris, “Few-cycle driven relativistically oscillating plasma mirrors a source of intense isolated attosecond pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 235003 (2012).
[Crossref]

Shah, R.

B. Dromey, S. Rykovanov, M. Yeung, R. Hörlein, D. Jung, D. C. Gautier, T. Dzelzainis, D. Kiefer, S. Palaniyppan, R. Shah, J. Schreiber, H. Ruhl, J. C. Fernandez, C. L. S. Lewis, M. Zepf, and B. M. Hegelich, “Coherent synchrotron emission from electron nanobunches formed in relativistic laserplasma interactions,” Nat. Phys. 8, 804–808 (2012).
[Crossref]

Shen, B. F.

L. L. Ji, B. F. Shen, X. M. Zhang, F. C. Wang, Z. Y. Jin, C. Q. Xia, M. Wen, W. P. Wang, J. C. Xu, and M. Y. Yu, “Generating quasi-single-cycle relativistic laser pulses by laser-foil interaction,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 215005 (2009).
[Crossref]

Shen, B.-F.

X.-Y. Li, Y. Yu, B.-F. Shen, J.-X. Wang, W.-J. Zhu, Z.-Y. Chen, and Y. Ye, “Ultrasharp-front laser pulses generated by energetic-electron flux triggering of laser propagation in overdense plasmas,” Phys. Rev. E 88, 023106 (2013).
[Crossref]

Sheng, Z. M.

H. Y. Wang, C. Lin, Z. M. Sheng, B. Liu, S. Zhao, Z. Y. Guo, Y. R. Lu, X. T. He, J. E. Chen, and X. Q. Yan, “Laser shaping of a relativistic intense, short Gaussian pulse by a plasma lens,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 265002 (2011).
[Crossref]

Sheng, Z.-M.

H.-C. Wu, Z.-M. Sheng, and J. Zhang, “Single-cycle powerful megawatt to gigawatt terahertz pulse radiated from a wavelength-scale plasma oscillator,” Phys. Rev. E 77, 046405 (2008).
[Crossref]

Spielmann, C.

C. Winterfeldt, C. Spielmann, and G. Gerber, “Optimal control of high-harmonic generation,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 80, 117–140 (2008).
[Crossref]

Stabile, H.

S. Dobosz, G. Doumy, H. Stabile, P. D’Oliveira, P. Monot, F. Réau, S. Hüller, and Ph. Martin, “Probing hot and dense laser-induced plasmas with ultrafast XUV pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 025001 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Stoeckl, C.

B. Dromey, M. Zepf, A. Gopal, K. Lancaster, M. S. Wei, K. Krushelnick, M. Tatarakis, N. Vakakis, S. Moustaizis, R. Kodama, M. Tampo, C. Stoeckl, R. Clarke, H. Habara, D. Neely, S. Karsch, and P. Norreys, “High harmonic generation in the relativistic limit,” Nat. Phys. 2, 456–459 (2006).
[Crossref]

Tajima, T.

B. Rau, T. Tajima, and H. Hojo, “Coherentelectron acceleration by subcycle laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 3310–3313 (1997).
[Crossref]

Tampo, M.

B. Dromey, M. Zepf, A. Gopal, K. Lancaster, M. S. Wei, K. Krushelnick, M. Tatarakis, N. Vakakis, S. Moustaizis, R. Kodama, M. Tampo, C. Stoeckl, R. Clarke, H. Habara, D. Neely, S. Karsch, and P. Norreys, “High harmonic generation in the relativistic limit,” Nat. Phys. 2, 456–459 (2006).
[Crossref]

Tatarakis, M.

B. Dromey, M. Zepf, A. Gopal, K. Lancaster, M. S. Wei, K. Krushelnick, M. Tatarakis, N. Vakakis, S. Moustaizis, R. Kodama, M. Tampo, C. Stoeckl, R. Clarke, H. Habara, D. Neely, S. Karsch, and P. Norreys, “High harmonic generation in the relativistic limit,” Nat. Phys. 2, 456–459 (2006).
[Crossref]

Teubner, U.

U. Teubner and P. Gibbon, “High-order harmonics from laser-irradiated plasma surfaces,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 81, 445–479 (2009).
[Crossref]

Thaury, C.

C. Thaury, F. Quéré, J.-P. Geindre, A. Levy, T. Ceccotti, P. Monot, M. Bougeard, F. Rau, P. d’Oliveira, P. Audebert, R. Marjoribanks, and P. Martin, “Plasma mirrors for ultrahigh-intensity optics,” Nat. Phys. 3, 424–429 (2007).
[Crossref]

F. Quéré, C. Thaury, P. Monot, S. Dobosz, P. Martin, J.-P. Geindre, and P. Audebert, “Coherent wake emission of high-order harmonics from overdense plasmas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 125004 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tsakiris, G. D.

P. Heissler, P. Tzallas, J. M. Mikhailova, K. Khrennikov, L. Waldecker, F. Krausz, S. Karsch, D. Charalambidis, and G. D. Tsakiris, “Two-photon above-threshold ionization using extreme-ultraviolet harmonic emission from relativistic laserplasma interaction,” New J. Phys. 14, 043025 (2012).
[Crossref]

P. Heissler, R. Hörlein, J. M. Mikhailova, L. Waldecker, P. Tzallas, A. Buck, K. Schmid, C. M. S. Sears, F. Krausz, L. Veisz, M. Zepf, and G. D. Tsakiris, “Few-cycle driven relativistically oscillating plasma mirrors a source of intense isolated attosecond pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 235003 (2012).
[Crossref]

S. G. Rykovanov, M. Geissler, J. Meyer-ter-Vehn, and G. D. Tsakiris, “Intense single attosecond pulses from surface harmonics using the polarization gating technique,” New J. Phys. 10, 025025 (2008).
[Crossref]

Y. Nomura, R. Hörlein, P. Tzallas, B. Dromey, S. Rykovanov, Zs. Major, J. Osterhoff, S. Karsch, L. Veisz, M. Zepf, D. Charalambidis, F. Krausz, and G. D. Tsakiris, “Attosecond phase locking of harmonics emitted from laser-produced plasmas,” Nat. Phys. 5, 124–128 (2008).
[Crossref]

Tzallas, P.

P. Heissler, P. Tzallas, J. M. Mikhailova, K. Khrennikov, L. Waldecker, F. Krausz, S. Karsch, D. Charalambidis, and G. D. Tsakiris, “Two-photon above-threshold ionization using extreme-ultraviolet harmonic emission from relativistic laserplasma interaction,” New J. Phys. 14, 043025 (2012).
[Crossref]

P. Heissler, R. Hörlein, J. M. Mikhailova, L. Waldecker, P. Tzallas, A. Buck, K. Schmid, C. M. S. Sears, F. Krausz, L. Veisz, M. Zepf, and G. D. Tsakiris, “Few-cycle driven relativistically oscillating plasma mirrors a source of intense isolated attosecond pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 235003 (2012).
[Crossref]

Y. Nomura, R. Hörlein, P. Tzallas, B. Dromey, S. Rykovanov, Zs. Major, J. Osterhoff, S. Karsch, L. Veisz, M. Zepf, D. Charalambidis, F. Krausz, and G. D. Tsakiris, “Attosecond phase locking of harmonics emitted from laser-produced plasmas,” Nat. Phys. 5, 124–128 (2008).
[Crossref]

Vakakis, N.

B. Dromey, M. Zepf, A. Gopal, K. Lancaster, M. S. Wei, K. Krushelnick, M. Tatarakis, N. Vakakis, S. Moustaizis, R. Kodama, M. Tampo, C. Stoeckl, R. Clarke, H. Habara, D. Neely, S. Karsch, and P. Norreys, “High harmonic generation in the relativistic limit,” Nat. Phys. 2, 456–459 (2006).
[Crossref]

van Goor, F. A.

A. G. Khachatryan, F. A. van Goor, and K.-J. Boller, “Interaction of free charged particles with a chirped electromagnetic pulse,” Phys. Rev. E 70, 067601 (2004).
[Crossref]

Veisz, L.

P. Heissler, R. Hörlein, J. M. Mikhailova, L. Waldecker, P. Tzallas, A. Buck, K. Schmid, C. M. S. Sears, F. Krausz, L. Veisz, M. Zepf, and G. D. Tsakiris, “Few-cycle driven relativistically oscillating plasma mirrors a source of intense isolated attosecond pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 235003 (2012).
[Crossref]

Y. Nomura, R. Hörlein, P. Tzallas, B. Dromey, S. Rykovanov, Zs. Major, J. Osterhoff, S. Karsch, L. Veisz, M. Zepf, D. Charalambidis, F. Krausz, and G. D. Tsakiris, “Attosecond phase locking of harmonics emitted from laser-produced plasmas,” Nat. Phys. 5, 124–128 (2008).
[Crossref]

Vincenti, H.

J. A. Wheeler, A. Borot, S. Monchocé, H. Vincenti, A. Ricci, A. Malvache, R. Lopez-Martens, and F. Quéré, “Attosecond lighthouses from plasma mirrors,” Nat. Photonics 6, 829–833 (2012).
[Crossref]

Waldecker, L.

P. Heissler, P. Tzallas, J. M. Mikhailova, K. Khrennikov, L. Waldecker, F. Krausz, S. Karsch, D. Charalambidis, and G. D. Tsakiris, “Two-photon above-threshold ionization using extreme-ultraviolet harmonic emission from relativistic laserplasma interaction,” New J. Phys. 14, 043025 (2012).
[Crossref]

P. Heissler, R. Hörlein, J. M. Mikhailova, L. Waldecker, P. Tzallas, A. Buck, K. Schmid, C. M. S. Sears, F. Krausz, L. Veisz, M. Zepf, and G. D. Tsakiris, “Few-cycle driven relativistically oscillating plasma mirrors a source of intense isolated attosecond pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 235003 (2012).
[Crossref]

Wang, C.

L. Liu, C. Xia, J. Liu, W. Wang, Y. Cai, C. Wang, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Control of single attosecond pulse generation from the reflection of a synthesized relativistic laser pulse on a solid surface,” Phys. Plasmas 15, 103107 (2008).
[Crossref]

Wang, F. C.

L. L. Ji, B. F. Shen, X. M. Zhang, F. C. Wang, Z. Y. Jin, C. Q. Xia, M. Wen, W. P. Wang, J. C. Xu, and M. Y. Yu, “Generating quasi-single-cycle relativistic laser pulses by laser-foil interaction,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 215005 (2009).
[Crossref]

Wang, H. Y.

H. Y. Wang, C. Lin, Z. M. Sheng, B. Liu, S. Zhao, Z. Y. Guo, Y. R. Lu, X. T. He, J. E. Chen, and X. Q. Yan, “Laser shaping of a relativistic intense, short Gaussian pulse by a plasma lens,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 265002 (2011).
[Crossref]

Wang, J.-X.

X.-Y. Li, Y. Yu, B.-F. Shen, J.-X. Wang, W.-J. Zhu, Z.-Y. Chen, and Y. Ye, “Ultrasharp-front laser pulses generated by energetic-electron flux triggering of laser propagation in overdense plasmas,” Phys. Rev. E 88, 023106 (2013).
[Crossref]

Wang, W.

L. Liu, C. Xia, J. Liu, W. Wang, Y. Cai, C. Wang, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Control of single attosecond pulse generation from the reflection of a synthesized relativistic laser pulse on a solid surface,” Phys. Plasmas 15, 103107 (2008).
[Crossref]

Wang, W. P.

L. L. Ji, B. F. Shen, X. M. Zhang, F. C. Wang, Z. Y. Jin, C. Q. Xia, M. Wen, W. P. Wang, J. C. Xu, and M. Y. Yu, “Generating quasi-single-cycle relativistic laser pulses by laser-foil interaction,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 215005 (2009).
[Crossref]

Wei, M. S.

B. Dromey, M. Zepf, A. Gopal, K. Lancaster, M. S. Wei, K. Krushelnick, M. Tatarakis, N. Vakakis, S. Moustaizis, R. Kodama, M. Tampo, C. Stoeckl, R. Clarke, H. Habara, D. Neely, S. Karsch, and P. Norreys, “High harmonic generation in the relativistic limit,” Nat. Phys. 2, 456–459 (2006).
[Crossref]

Wen, M.

L. L. Ji, B. F. Shen, X. M. Zhang, F. C. Wang, Z. Y. Jin, C. Q. Xia, M. Wen, W. P. Wang, J. C. Xu, and M. Y. Yu, “Generating quasi-single-cycle relativistic laser pulses by laser-foil interaction,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 215005 (2009).
[Crossref]

Wheeler, J. A.

J. A. Wheeler, A. Borot, S. Monchocé, H. Vincenti, A. Ricci, A. Malvache, R. Lopez-Martens, and F. Quéré, “Attosecond lighthouses from plasma mirrors,” Nat. Photonics 6, 829–833 (2012).
[Crossref]

Winterfeldt, C.

C. Winterfeldt, C. Spielmann, and G. Gerber, “Optimal control of high-harmonic generation,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 80, 117–140 (2008).
[Crossref]

Wu, H.-C.

H.-C. Wu and J. Meyer-ter-Vehn, “Giant half-cycle attosecond pulses,” Nat. Photonics 6, 304–307 (2012).
[Crossref]

H.-C. Wu, Z.-M. Sheng, and J. Zhang, “Single-cycle powerful megawatt to gigawatt terahertz pulse radiated from a wavelength-scale plasma oscillator,” Phys. Rev. E 77, 046405 (2008).
[Crossref]

Xia, C.

L. Liu, C. Xia, J. Liu, W. Wang, Y. Cai, C. Wang, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Control of single attosecond pulse generation from the reflection of a synthesized relativistic laser pulse on a solid surface,” Phys. Plasmas 15, 103107 (2008).
[Crossref]

Xia, C. Q.

L. L. Ji, B. F. Shen, X. M. Zhang, F. C. Wang, Z. Y. Jin, C. Q. Xia, M. Wen, W. P. Wang, J. C. Xu, and M. Y. Yu, “Generating quasi-single-cycle relativistic laser pulses by laser-foil interaction,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 215005 (2009).
[Crossref]

Xu, J. C.

L. L. Ji, B. F. Shen, X. M. Zhang, F. C. Wang, Z. Y. Jin, C. Q. Xia, M. Wen, W. P. Wang, J. C. Xu, and M. Y. Yu, “Generating quasi-single-cycle relativistic laser pulses by laser-foil interaction,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 215005 (2009).
[Crossref]

Xu, Z.

L. Liu, C. Xia, J. Liu, W. Wang, Y. Cai, C. Wang, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Control of single attosecond pulse generation from the reflection of a synthesized relativistic laser pulse on a solid surface,” Phys. Plasmas 15, 103107 (2008).
[Crossref]

Yan, X. Q.

H. Y. Wang, C. Lin, Z. M. Sheng, B. Liu, S. Zhao, Z. Y. Guo, Y. R. Lu, X. T. He, J. E. Chen, and X. Q. Yan, “Laser shaping of a relativistic intense, short Gaussian pulse by a plasma lens,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 265002 (2011).
[Crossref]

Ye, Y.

X.-Y. Li, Y. Yu, B.-F. Shen, J.-X. Wang, W.-J. Zhu, Z.-Y. Chen, and Y. Ye, “Ultrasharp-front laser pulses generated by energetic-electron flux triggering of laser propagation in overdense plasmas,” Phys. Rev. E 88, 023106 (2013).
[Crossref]

Yeung, M.

D. Kiefer, M. Yeung, T. Dzelzainis, P. S. Foster, S. G. Rykovanov, C. L. S. Lewis, R. S. Marjoribanks, H. Ruhl, D. Habs, J. Schreiber, M. Zepf, and B. Dromey, “Relativistic electron mirrors from nanoscale foils for coherent frequency upshift to the extreme ultraviolet,” Nat. Commun. 4, 1763 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Dromey, S. Rykovanov, M. Yeung, R. Hörlein, D. Jung, D. C. Gautier, T. Dzelzainis, D. Kiefer, S. Palaniyppan, R. Shah, J. Schreiber, H. Ruhl, J. C. Fernandez, C. L. S. Lewis, M. Zepf, and B. M. Hegelich, “Coherent synchrotron emission from electron nanobunches formed in relativistic laserplasma interactions,” Nat. Phys. 8, 804–808 (2012).
[Crossref]

Yu, M. Y.

L. L. Ji, B. F. Shen, X. M. Zhang, F. C. Wang, Z. Y. Jin, C. Q. Xia, M. Wen, W. P. Wang, J. C. Xu, and M. Y. Yu, “Generating quasi-single-cycle relativistic laser pulses by laser-foil interaction,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 215005 (2009).
[Crossref]

Yu, Y.

X.-Y. Li, Y. Yu, B.-F. Shen, J.-X. Wang, W.-J. Zhu, Z.-Y. Chen, and Y. Ye, “Ultrasharp-front laser pulses generated by energetic-electron flux triggering of laser propagation in overdense plasmas,” Phys. Rev. E 88, 023106 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zepf, M.

D. Kiefer, M. Yeung, T. Dzelzainis, P. S. Foster, S. G. Rykovanov, C. L. S. Lewis, R. S. Marjoribanks, H. Ruhl, D. Habs, J. Schreiber, M. Zepf, and B. Dromey, “Relativistic electron mirrors from nanoscale foils for coherent frequency upshift to the extreme ultraviolet,” Nat. Commun. 4, 1763 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Dromey, S. Rykovanov, M. Yeung, R. Hörlein, D. Jung, D. C. Gautier, T. Dzelzainis, D. Kiefer, S. Palaniyppan, R. Shah, J. Schreiber, H. Ruhl, J. C. Fernandez, C. L. S. Lewis, M. Zepf, and B. M. Hegelich, “Coherent synchrotron emission from electron nanobunches formed in relativistic laserplasma interactions,” Nat. Phys. 8, 804–808 (2012).
[Crossref]

P. Heissler, R. Hörlein, J. M. Mikhailova, L. Waldecker, P. Tzallas, A. Buck, K. Schmid, C. M. S. Sears, F. Krausz, L. Veisz, M. Zepf, and G. D. Tsakiris, “Few-cycle driven relativistically oscillating plasma mirrors a source of intense isolated attosecond pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 235003 (2012).
[Crossref]

Y. Nomura, R. Hörlein, P. Tzallas, B. Dromey, S. Rykovanov, Zs. Major, J. Osterhoff, S. Karsch, L. Veisz, M. Zepf, D. Charalambidis, F. Krausz, and G. D. Tsakiris, “Attosecond phase locking of harmonics emitted from laser-produced plasmas,” Nat. Phys. 5, 124–128 (2008).
[Crossref]

B. Dromey, M. Zepf, A. Gopal, K. Lancaster, M. S. Wei, K. Krushelnick, M. Tatarakis, N. Vakakis, S. Moustaizis, R. Kodama, M. Tampo, C. Stoeckl, R. Clarke, H. Habara, D. Neely, S. Karsch, and P. Norreys, “High harmonic generation in the relativistic limit,” Nat. Phys. 2, 456–459 (2006).
[Crossref]

Zhang, J.

H.-C. Wu, Z.-M. Sheng, and J. Zhang, “Single-cycle powerful megawatt to gigawatt terahertz pulse radiated from a wavelength-scale plasma oscillator,” Phys. Rev. E 77, 046405 (2008).
[Crossref]

Zhang, X. M.

L. L. Ji, B. F. Shen, X. M. Zhang, F. C. Wang, Z. Y. Jin, C. Q. Xia, M. Wen, W. P. Wang, J. C. Xu, and M. Y. Yu, “Generating quasi-single-cycle relativistic laser pulses by laser-foil interaction,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 215005 (2009).
[Crossref]

Zhang, Z.

Zhao, S.

H. Y. Wang, C. Lin, Z. M. Sheng, B. Liu, S. Zhao, Z. Y. Guo, Y. R. Lu, X. T. He, J. E. Chen, and X. Q. Yan, “Laser shaping of a relativistic intense, short Gaussian pulse by a plasma lens,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 265002 (2011).
[Crossref]

Zhu, W.-J.

X.-Y. Li, Y. Yu, B.-F. Shen, J.-X. Wang, W.-J. Zhu, Z.-Y. Chen, and Y. Ye, “Ultrasharp-front laser pulses generated by energetic-electron flux triggering of laser propagation in overdense plasmas,” Phys. Rev. E 88, 023106 (2013).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

Z.-Y. Chen, “High field terahertz pulse generation from plasma wakefield driven by tailored laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102, 241104 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Comput. Phys. (1)

C. Nieter and J. R. Cary, “VORPAL: a versatile plasma simulation code,” J. Comput. Phys. 196, 448–473 (2004).
[Crossref]

Nat. Commun. (1)

D. Kiefer, M. Yeung, T. Dzelzainis, P. S. Foster, S. G. Rykovanov, C. L. S. Lewis, R. S. Marjoribanks, H. Ruhl, D. Habs, J. Schreiber, M. Zepf, and B. Dromey, “Relativistic electron mirrors from nanoscale foils for coherent frequency upshift to the extreme ultraviolet,” Nat. Commun. 4, 1763 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Photonics (2)

H.-C. Wu and J. Meyer-ter-Vehn, “Giant half-cycle attosecond pulses,” Nat. Photonics 6, 304–307 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. A. Wheeler, A. Borot, S. Monchocé, H. Vincenti, A. Ricci, A. Malvache, R. Lopez-Martens, and F. Quéré, “Attosecond lighthouses from plasma mirrors,” Nat. Photonics 6, 829–833 (2012).
[Crossref]

Nat. Phys. (5)

C. Thaury, F. Quéré, J.-P. Geindre, A. Levy, T. Ceccotti, P. Monot, M. Bougeard, F. Rau, P. d’Oliveira, P. Audebert, R. Marjoribanks, and P. Martin, “Plasma mirrors for ultrahigh-intensity optics,” Nat. Phys. 3, 424–429 (2007).
[Crossref]

Y. Nomura, R. Hörlein, P. Tzallas, B. Dromey, S. Rykovanov, Zs. Major, J. Osterhoff, S. Karsch, L. Veisz, M. Zepf, D. Charalambidis, F. Krausz, and G. D. Tsakiris, “Attosecond phase locking of harmonics emitted from laser-produced plasmas,” Nat. Phys. 5, 124–128 (2008).
[Crossref]

B. Dromey, M. Zepf, A. Gopal, K. Lancaster, M. S. Wei, K. Krushelnick, M. Tatarakis, N. Vakakis, S. Moustaizis, R. Kodama, M. Tampo, C. Stoeckl, R. Clarke, H. Habara, D. Neely, S. Karsch, and P. Norreys, “High harmonic generation in the relativistic limit,” Nat. Phys. 2, 456–459 (2006).
[Crossref]

A. Borot, A. Malvache, X. Chen, A. Jullien, J.-P. Geindre, P. Audebert, G. Mourou, F. Quéré, and R. Lopez-Martens, “Attosecond control of collective electron motion in plasmas,” Nat. Phys. 8, 416–421 (2012).
[Crossref]

B. Dromey, S. Rykovanov, M. Yeung, R. Hörlein, D. Jung, D. C. Gautier, T. Dzelzainis, D. Kiefer, S. Palaniyppan, R. Shah, J. Schreiber, H. Ruhl, J. C. Fernandez, C. L. S. Lewis, M. Zepf, and B. M. Hegelich, “Coherent synchrotron emission from electron nanobunches formed in relativistic laserplasma interactions,” Nat. Phys. 8, 804–808 (2012).
[Crossref]

New J. Phys. (2)

S. G. Rykovanov, M. Geissler, J. Meyer-ter-Vehn, and G. D. Tsakiris, “Intense single attosecond pulses from surface harmonics using the polarization gating technique,” New J. Phys. 10, 025025 (2008).
[Crossref]

P. Heissler, P. Tzallas, J. M. Mikhailova, K. Khrennikov, L. Waldecker, F. Krausz, S. Karsch, D. Charalambidis, and G. D. Tsakiris, “Two-photon above-threshold ionization using extreme-ultraviolet harmonic emission from relativistic laserplasma interaction,” New J. Phys. 14, 043025 (2012).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (1)

Phys. Plasmas (5)

D. an der Brügge and A. Pukhov, “Enhanced relativistic harmonics by electron nanobunching,” Phys. Plasmas 17, 033110 (2010).
[Crossref]

S. V. Bulanov, N. M. Naumova, and F. Pegoraro, “Interaction of an ultrashort, relativistically strong laser pulse with an overdense plasma,” Phys. Plasmas 1, 745–757 (1994).
[Crossref]

R. Lichters, J. Meyer-ter-Vehn, and A. Pukhov, “Short-pulse laser harmonics from oscillating plasma surfaces driven at relativistic intensity,” Phys. Plasmas 3, 3425–3437 (1996).
[Crossref]

L. Liu, C. Xia, J. Liu, W. Wang, Y. Cai, C. Wang, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Control of single attosecond pulse generation from the reflection of a synthesized relativistic laser pulse on a solid surface,” Phys. Plasmas 15, 103107 (2008).
[Crossref]

S. Gordienko and A. Pukhov, “Scalings for ultrarelativistic laser plasmas and quasimonoenergetic electrons,” Phys. Plasmas 12, 043109 (2005).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. A (1)

M. Kundu, P. K. Kaw, and D. Bauer, “Laser-cluster interaction with subcycle pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 85, 023202 (2012).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. E (4)

H.-C. Wu, Z.-M. Sheng, and J. Zhang, “Single-cycle powerful megawatt to gigawatt terahertz pulse radiated from a wavelength-scale plasma oscillator,” Phys. Rev. E 77, 046405 (2008).
[Crossref]

A. G. Khachatryan, F. A. van Goor, and K.-J. Boller, “Interaction of free charged particles with a chirped electromagnetic pulse,” Phys. Rev. E 70, 067601 (2004).
[Crossref]

X.-Y. Li, Y. Yu, B.-F. Shen, J.-X. Wang, W.-J. Zhu, Z.-Y. Chen, and Y. Ye, “Ultrasharp-front laser pulses generated by energetic-electron flux triggering of laser propagation in overdense plasmas,” Phys. Rev. E 88, 023106 (2013).
[Crossref]

T. Baeva, S. Gordienko, and A. Pukhov, “Theory of high-order harmonic generation in relativistic laser interaction with overdense plasma,” Phys. Rev. E 74, 046404 (2006).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (7)

S. Dobosz, G. Doumy, H. Stabile, P. D’Oliveira, P. Monot, F. Réau, S. Hüller, and Ph. Martin, “Probing hot and dense laser-induced plasmas with ultrafast XUV pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 025001 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. B. Corkum, “Plasma perspective on strong field multiphoton ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 1994–1997 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Quéré, C. Thaury, P. Monot, S. Dobosz, P. Martin, J.-P. Geindre, and P. Audebert, “Coherent wake emission of high-order harmonics from overdense plasmas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 125004 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. L. Ji, B. F. Shen, X. M. Zhang, F. C. Wang, Z. Y. Jin, C. Q. Xia, M. Wen, W. P. Wang, J. C. Xu, and M. Y. Yu, “Generating quasi-single-cycle relativistic laser pulses by laser-foil interaction,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 215005 (2009).
[Crossref]

B. Rau, T. Tajima, and H. Hojo, “Coherentelectron acceleration by subcycle laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 3310–3313 (1997).
[Crossref]

P. Heissler, R. Hörlein, J. M. Mikhailova, L. Waldecker, P. Tzallas, A. Buck, K. Schmid, C. M. S. Sears, F. Krausz, L. Veisz, M. Zepf, and G. D. Tsakiris, “Few-cycle driven relativistically oscillating plasma mirrors a source of intense isolated attosecond pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 235003 (2012).
[Crossref]

H. Y. Wang, C. Lin, Z. M. Sheng, B. Liu, S. Zhao, Z. Y. Guo, Y. R. Lu, X. T. He, J. E. Chen, and X. Q. Yan, “Laser shaping of a relativistic intense, short Gaussian pulse by a plasma lens,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 265002 (2011).
[Crossref]

Rev. Mod. Phys. (3)

C. Winterfeldt, C. Spielmann, and G. Gerber, “Optimal control of high-harmonic generation,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 80, 117–140 (2008).
[Crossref]

U. Teubner and P. Gibbon, “High-order harmonics from laser-irradiated plasma surfaces,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 81, 445–479 (2009).
[Crossref]

F. Krausz and M. Ivanov, “Attosecond physics,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 81, 163–234 (2009).
[Crossref]

Cited By

OSA participates in Crossref's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 (a) Schematic diagram of the interaction. (b) The initial temporal profile of a sharply decreasing unipolarlike laser pulse, referred to as laser pulse A. (c) The temporal evolution profile of the XUV pulse observed at the rear side of the plasma irradiated by laser pulse A. The inset shows the temporal profile plotted in terms of E t 2. (d) The corresponding Fourier spectra of the XUV pulse. The inset shows the spectra plotted in terms of wavelength.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 (a) The initial temporal profile of a sine squared laser pulse, referred to as laser pulse B. (b) The temporal profiles of the XUV pulses driven by laser pulse A (red) and laser pulse B (green), respectively. (c)–(d) The spatial-temporal distribution of the transverse currents Jz excited by laser pulse A (c) and laser pulse B (d), respectively. The foil target is initially located in the region between x = 10.00λL and x = 10.15λL. (e)–(f) Jz plotted versus time along central line x = 10.05λL corresponding to (c) and (d), respectively.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 (a) Peak XUV field strength as a function of laser amplitude from PIC simulations. (b) The temporal profile of XUV pulse using laser pulse with amplitude of aL = 10. The other parameters are the same as in Fig. 1.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 (a) The temporal profiles and (b) the corresponding Fourier spectrum of the XUV pulses generated from three plasma slabs with different initial plasma densities: ne = 100nc (black), ne = 225nc (red), and ne = 400nc (blue). At the same time, the laser intensities are chosen to keep the dimensionless similarity parameter S = ne/aLnc unchanged.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 (a) The initial temporal profile of a sharply decreasing unipolarlike laser pulse with full duration of τL = 6TL, referred to as laser pulse C. (b) The temporal profiles and (c) the corresponding Fourier spectrum of the XUV pulses generated by laser pulse A (red) and laser pulse C (blue). (d) The initial temporal profile of a quasi-single-cycle laser pulse based on Ref. [25], referred to as laser pulse D. (e) The temporal profiles and (f) the Fourier spectra of the XUV pulse generated by laser pulse D.

Equations (1)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

p z = A = e / ( m 0 c 2 ) E z ( ξ ) d ξ ,

Metrics