Abstract

Optical cross-connects (OXC) introduce crosstalk and intersymbolic interference due to filtering in the optical signal. We show experimentally and by simulation that higher optical signal-to-noise ratio (OSNR) penalties are obtained for the combined effect of both impairments compared to the sum of the penalties taken independently. Furthermore, the Modified Chernoff Bound is applied for performance estimation, with good accuracy and fast computation time. By using the correct OSNR penalty, the maximum number of cascaded OXC is reduced by 17% relatively to when the penalties are considered separately, for a 2 dB maximum penalty.

©2009 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article
OSA Recommended Articles
On the Filter Narrowing Issues in Elastic Optical Networks

J. M. Fabrega, M. Svaluto Moreolo, L. Martín, A. Chiadò Piat, E. Riccardi, D. Roccato, N. Sambo, F. Cugini, L. Potì, S. Yan, E. Hugues-Salas, D. Simeonidou, M. Gunkel, R. Palmer, S. Fedderwitz, D. Rafique, T. Rahman, Huug de Waardt, and A. Napoli
J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 8(7) A23-A33 (2016)

Generalized weighted crosstalk for DWDM systems with cascaded wavelength-selective switches

Mark Filer and Sorin Tibuleac
Opt. Express 20(16) 17620-17631 (2012)

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. T. Zami, B. Lavigne, and E. Balmefrezol, “Crosstalk analysis applied to wavelength selective switches,” Optical Fiber Communication Conference, paper OFP4 (2006).
  2. J. Attard, J. Mitchell, and C. Rasmussen, “Performance Analysis of Interferometric Noise Due to Unequally Powered Interferers in Optical Networks,” J. Ligthwave Technol. 23, 1692–1703 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  3. M. Pfennigbauer, M. M. Strasser, M. Pauer, and P. J. Winzer, “Dependence of optically preamplified receiver sensitivity on optical and electrical filter bandwidths-measurement and simulation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 831–833 (2002).
    [Crossref]
  4. R. Meleiro, A. Buxens, D. Fonseca, J. Castro, P. André, and P. Monteiro, “Impact of Self Phase Modulation on In-band Crosstalk Penalties,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 644–646 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  5. J. L. Rebola and A. V. T. Cartaxo, “Gaussian Approach for Performance Evaluation of Optically Preamplified Receivers with Arbitrary Optical and Electrical Filters,” IEE Proc.-J 146, 135–142 (2001).
  6. J. J. O’Reilly and J. R. F. da Rocha, “Improved error probability evaluation methods for direct detection optical communication systems,” IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory 33, 839–848 (1987).
    [Crossref]
  7. J. Rebola and A. Cartaxo, “Q-factor estimation and impact of spontaneous-spontaneous beat noise on the performance of optically preamplified systems with arbitrary optical filtering,” J. Ligthwave Technol. 21, 87–95 (2003).
    [Crossref]

2008 (1)

R. Meleiro, A. Buxens, D. Fonseca, J. Castro, P. André, and P. Monteiro, “Impact of Self Phase Modulation on In-band Crosstalk Penalties,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 644–646 (2008).
[Crossref]

2005 (1)

J. Attard, J. Mitchell, and C. Rasmussen, “Performance Analysis of Interferometric Noise Due to Unequally Powered Interferers in Optical Networks,” J. Ligthwave Technol. 23, 1692–1703 (2005).
[Crossref]

2003 (1)

J. Rebola and A. Cartaxo, “Q-factor estimation and impact of spontaneous-spontaneous beat noise on the performance of optically preamplified systems with arbitrary optical filtering,” J. Ligthwave Technol. 21, 87–95 (2003).
[Crossref]

2002 (1)

M. Pfennigbauer, M. M. Strasser, M. Pauer, and P. J. Winzer, “Dependence of optically preamplified receiver sensitivity on optical and electrical filter bandwidths-measurement and simulation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 831–833 (2002).
[Crossref]

2001 (1)

J. L. Rebola and A. V. T. Cartaxo, “Gaussian Approach for Performance Evaluation of Optically Preamplified Receivers with Arbitrary Optical and Electrical Filters,” IEE Proc.-J 146, 135–142 (2001).

1987 (1)

J. J. O’Reilly and J. R. F. da Rocha, “Improved error probability evaluation methods for direct detection optical communication systems,” IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory 33, 839–848 (1987).
[Crossref]

André, P.

R. Meleiro, A. Buxens, D. Fonseca, J. Castro, P. André, and P. Monteiro, “Impact of Self Phase Modulation on In-band Crosstalk Penalties,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 644–646 (2008).
[Crossref]

Attard, J.

J. Attard, J. Mitchell, and C. Rasmussen, “Performance Analysis of Interferometric Noise Due to Unequally Powered Interferers in Optical Networks,” J. Ligthwave Technol. 23, 1692–1703 (2005).
[Crossref]

Balmefrezol, E.

T. Zami, B. Lavigne, and E. Balmefrezol, “Crosstalk analysis applied to wavelength selective switches,” Optical Fiber Communication Conference, paper OFP4 (2006).

Buxens, A.

R. Meleiro, A. Buxens, D. Fonseca, J. Castro, P. André, and P. Monteiro, “Impact of Self Phase Modulation on In-band Crosstalk Penalties,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 644–646 (2008).
[Crossref]

Cartaxo, A.

J. Rebola and A. Cartaxo, “Q-factor estimation and impact of spontaneous-spontaneous beat noise on the performance of optically preamplified systems with arbitrary optical filtering,” J. Ligthwave Technol. 21, 87–95 (2003).
[Crossref]

Cartaxo, A. V. T.

J. L. Rebola and A. V. T. Cartaxo, “Gaussian Approach for Performance Evaluation of Optically Preamplified Receivers with Arbitrary Optical and Electrical Filters,” IEE Proc.-J 146, 135–142 (2001).

Castro, J.

R. Meleiro, A. Buxens, D. Fonseca, J. Castro, P. André, and P. Monteiro, “Impact of Self Phase Modulation on In-band Crosstalk Penalties,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 644–646 (2008).
[Crossref]

da Rocha, J. R. F.

J. J. O’Reilly and J. R. F. da Rocha, “Improved error probability evaluation methods for direct detection optical communication systems,” IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory 33, 839–848 (1987).
[Crossref]

Fonseca, D.

R. Meleiro, A. Buxens, D. Fonseca, J. Castro, P. André, and P. Monteiro, “Impact of Self Phase Modulation on In-band Crosstalk Penalties,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 644–646 (2008).
[Crossref]

Lavigne, B.

T. Zami, B. Lavigne, and E. Balmefrezol, “Crosstalk analysis applied to wavelength selective switches,” Optical Fiber Communication Conference, paper OFP4 (2006).

Meleiro, R.

R. Meleiro, A. Buxens, D. Fonseca, J. Castro, P. André, and P. Monteiro, “Impact of Self Phase Modulation on In-band Crosstalk Penalties,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 644–646 (2008).
[Crossref]

Mitchell, J.

J. Attard, J. Mitchell, and C. Rasmussen, “Performance Analysis of Interferometric Noise Due to Unequally Powered Interferers in Optical Networks,” J. Ligthwave Technol. 23, 1692–1703 (2005).
[Crossref]

Monteiro, P.

R. Meleiro, A. Buxens, D. Fonseca, J. Castro, P. André, and P. Monteiro, “Impact of Self Phase Modulation on In-band Crosstalk Penalties,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 644–646 (2008).
[Crossref]

O’Reilly, J. J.

J. J. O’Reilly and J. R. F. da Rocha, “Improved error probability evaluation methods for direct detection optical communication systems,” IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory 33, 839–848 (1987).
[Crossref]

Pauer, M.

M. Pfennigbauer, M. M. Strasser, M. Pauer, and P. J. Winzer, “Dependence of optically preamplified receiver sensitivity on optical and electrical filter bandwidths-measurement and simulation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 831–833 (2002).
[Crossref]

Pfennigbauer, M.

M. Pfennigbauer, M. M. Strasser, M. Pauer, and P. J. Winzer, “Dependence of optically preamplified receiver sensitivity on optical and electrical filter bandwidths-measurement and simulation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 831–833 (2002).
[Crossref]

Rasmussen, C.

J. Attard, J. Mitchell, and C. Rasmussen, “Performance Analysis of Interferometric Noise Due to Unequally Powered Interferers in Optical Networks,” J. Ligthwave Technol. 23, 1692–1703 (2005).
[Crossref]

Rebola, J.

J. Rebola and A. Cartaxo, “Q-factor estimation and impact of spontaneous-spontaneous beat noise on the performance of optically preamplified systems with arbitrary optical filtering,” J. Ligthwave Technol. 21, 87–95 (2003).
[Crossref]

Rebola, J. L.

J. L. Rebola and A. V. T. Cartaxo, “Gaussian Approach for Performance Evaluation of Optically Preamplified Receivers with Arbitrary Optical and Electrical Filters,” IEE Proc.-J 146, 135–142 (2001).

Strasser, M. M.

M. Pfennigbauer, M. M. Strasser, M. Pauer, and P. J. Winzer, “Dependence of optically preamplified receiver sensitivity on optical and electrical filter bandwidths-measurement and simulation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 831–833 (2002).
[Crossref]

Winzer, P. J.

M. Pfennigbauer, M. M. Strasser, M. Pauer, and P. J. Winzer, “Dependence of optically preamplified receiver sensitivity on optical and electrical filter bandwidths-measurement and simulation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 831–833 (2002).
[Crossref]

Zami, T.

T. Zami, B. Lavigne, and E. Balmefrezol, “Crosstalk analysis applied to wavelength selective switches,” Optical Fiber Communication Conference, paper OFP4 (2006).

IEE Proc.-J (1)

J. L. Rebola and A. V. T. Cartaxo, “Gaussian Approach for Performance Evaluation of Optically Preamplified Receivers with Arbitrary Optical and Electrical Filters,” IEE Proc.-J 146, 135–142 (2001).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

M. Pfennigbauer, M. M. Strasser, M. Pauer, and P. J. Winzer, “Dependence of optically preamplified receiver sensitivity on optical and electrical filter bandwidths-measurement and simulation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 831–833 (2002).
[Crossref]

R. Meleiro, A. Buxens, D. Fonseca, J. Castro, P. André, and P. Monteiro, “Impact of Self Phase Modulation on In-band Crosstalk Penalties,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 644–646 (2008).
[Crossref]

IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory (1)

J. J. O’Reilly and J. R. F. da Rocha, “Improved error probability evaluation methods for direct detection optical communication systems,” IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory 33, 839–848 (1987).
[Crossref]

J. Ligthwave Technol. (2)

J. Rebola and A. Cartaxo, “Q-factor estimation and impact of spontaneous-spontaneous beat noise on the performance of optically preamplified systems with arbitrary optical filtering,” J. Ligthwave Technol. 21, 87–95 (2003).
[Crossref]

J. Attard, J. Mitchell, and C. Rasmussen, “Performance Analysis of Interferometric Noise Due to Unequally Powered Interferers in Optical Networks,” J. Ligthwave Technol. 23, 1692–1703 (2005).
[Crossref]

Other (1)

T. Zami, B. Lavigne, and E. Balmefrezol, “Crosstalk analysis applied to wavelength selective switches,” Optical Fiber Communication Conference, paper OFP4 (2006).

Cited By

OSA participates in Crossref's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. Experimental setup.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. Experimental, simulation and MCB results for the crosstalk induced OSNR penalty as a function of the bandwidth of the optical filter in the signal path. Insets: experimental eye diagrams of the crosstalk-free signal for optical bandwidths of 10, 15 and 20 GHz.
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. Experimental, simulation and MCB results for the crosstalk induced OSNR penalty as a function of the detuning of the optical filter in the signal path. Insets: experimental eye diagrams of the crosstalk-free signal for a filter detuning of 1 and 6 GHz.
Fig. 4.
Fig. 4. Simulation and MCB OSNR penalty results due to crosstalk as a function of the electrical bandwidth of the electrical receiver. Insets: simulated eye diagrams of the crosstalk-free signal for a filter bandwidths of 4, 6 and 8 GHz.
Fig. 5.
Fig. 5. Simulation (squares) and MCB (triangles) OSNR penalties as a function of the number of OXC in the network, for one crosstalk channel with 20 dB of SXR.

Metrics