Abstract

We report an approach to achieving a tunable time response of the nonlinearity of nano-Ag:polymer nanocomposites. The response time of the nonlinearity of the nanocomposite made of Ag nanoparticles dispersed in poly[2-methoxy-5-(2-ethylhexyloxy)-1,4-phenylenevinylene] matrix can be tuned by adjusting the doping concentration of CdTe0.13S0.87 quantum dots. An ultrafast response time of 14.5 ps is achieved for a doping concentration of 27%. Moreover, the third-order nonlinear susceptibility, achieving the order of 10−5 esu, is one order of magnitude larger than that of the undoped nanocomposite. An ultrafast and low-power photonic crystal all-optical switching is also realized based on the photonic bandgap shift.

©2009 Optical Society of America

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  1. N. N. Lepeshkin, A. Schweinsberg, G. Piredda, R. S. Bennink, and R. W. Boyd, “Enhanced nonlinear optical response of one-dimensional metal-dielectric photonic crystals,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93(12), 123902 (2004).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  2. R. S. Bennink, Y. K. Yoon, R. W. Boyd, and J. E. Sipe, “Accessing the optical nonlinearity of metals with metal- dielectric photonic bandgap structures,” Opt. Lett. 24(20), 1416–1418 (1999).
    [Crossref]
  3. C. Zheng, Y. H. Du, M. Feng, and H. B. Zhan, “Shape dependence of nonlinear optical behaviors of nanostructured silver and their silica gel glass composites,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(14), 143108 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  4. Y. Gao, A. Tonizzo, A. Walser, M. Potasek, and R. Dorsinville, “Enhanced optical nonlinearity of surfactant-capped CdS quantum dots embedded in an optically transparent polystyrene thin film,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(3), 033106 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  5. S. F. Mingaleev, A. E. Miroshnichenko, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Coupled-resonator-induced reflection in photonic-crystal waveguide structures,” Opt. Express 16(15), 11647–11659 (2008).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  6. M. Soljačić, E. Lidorikis, J. D. Joannopoulos, and L. V. Hau,“Ultralow-power all-optical switching,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(17), 171101 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  7. H. Okamoto, H. Kishida, H. Matsuzaki, T. Manabe, M. Yamashita, Y. Taguchi, and Y. Tokura, “Gigantic optical nonlinearity in one-dimensional Mott-Hubbard insulators,” Nature 405(6789), 929–932 (2000).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  8. X. Y. Hu, P. Jiang, C. Y. Ding, H. Yang, and Q. H. Gong, “Picosecond and low-power all-optical switching based on an organic photonic-bandgap microcavity,” Nat. Photonics 2(3), 185–189 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  9. P. Murzyn, A. Z. Garcia-Deniz, D. O. Kundys, A. M. Fox, J.-P. R. Wells, D. M. Whittaker, M. S. Skolnick, T. F. Krauss, and J. S. Roberts, “Control of the nonlinear carrier response time of AlGaAs photonic crystal waveguides by sample design,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(14), 141104 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  10. H. Hosono, Y. Abe, Y. L. Lee, T. Tokizaki, and A. Nakamura, “Large third-order optical nonlinearity of nanometer-sized amorphous semiconductor: phosphorous colloids formed in SiO2 glass by ion implantation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 61(23), 2747–2749 (1992).
    [Crossref]
  11. V. Klimov, P. H. Bolivar, H. Kurz, V. Karavanskii, V. Krasovskii, and Y. Korkishko, “Linear and nonlinear transmission of CuxS quantum dots,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67(5), 653–655 (1995).
    [Crossref]
  12. K. C. Grabar, R. G. Freeman, M. B. Hommer, and M. J. Natan, “Preparation and characterization of Au colloid monolayers,” Anal. Chem. 67(4), 735–743 (1995).
    [Crossref]
  13. X. Y. Hu, Y. Li, Q. H. Gong, B. Y. Cheng, and D. Z. Zhang, “Fabrication of a two-dimensional organic photonic crystal,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 22(2), 373–375 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  14. X. Y. Hu, P. Jiang, C. Xin, H. Yang, and Q. H. Gong, “Nano-Ag:polymeric composite material for ultrafast photonic crystal all-optical switching,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(3), 031103 (2009).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  16. X. Y. Hu, Q. H. Gong, Y. H. Liu, B. Y. Cheng, and D. Z. Zhang, “All-optical switching of defect mode in two-dimensional nonlinear organic photonic crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(23), 231111 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  17. R. W. Boyd, Nonlinear Optics, Academic Press, INC. San Diego, USA 1992.
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  19. R. Song, D. Guan, L. Ma, and Z. Cao, “Exceptionally large third-order optical susceptibility in Ag:SrBi2Nb2O9 composite films,” Mater. Lett. 61(7), 1537–1540 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  20. G. R. Hayes, I. D. W. Samuel, and R. T. Phillips, “Ultrafast dynamics of photoexcitations in conjugated polymers,” Synth. Met. 84(1-3), 889–890 (1997).
    [Crossref]
  21. A. Martucci, J. Fick, J. Schell, G. Battaglin, and M. Guglielmi, “Microstructural and nonlinear optical properties of silica-titania sol-gel film doped with PbS quantum dots,” J. Appl. Phys. 86(1), 79–87 (1999).
    [Crossref]
  22. G. H. Ma, L. J. Guo, J. Mi, Y. Liu, S. X. Qian, J. H. Liu, G. F. He, Y. F. Li, and R. Q. Wang, “Investigations of third-order nonlinear optical response of poly (p-phenylenevinylene) derivatives by femtosecond optical Kerr effect,” Physica B 305(2), 147–154 (2001).
    [Crossref]
  23. L. A. Padilha, A. A. R. Neves, C. L. Cesar, L. C. Barbosa, and C. H. B. Cruz, “Recombination process in CdTe quantum-dot-doped glasses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85(15), 3256–3258 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  24. N. D. Fatti and F. Vallee, “Ultrafast optical nonlinear properties of metal nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. B 73, 383–390 (2001).
    [Crossref]
  25. N. C. Greenham, X. Peng, and A. P. Alivisatos, “Charge separation and transport in conjugated-polymer/semiconductor-nanocrystal composites studied by photoluminescence quenching and photoconductivity,” Phys. Rev. B 54(24), 17628–17637 (1996).
    [Crossref]
  26. J. Huang, D. Stockwell, Z. Huang, D. L. Mohler, and T. Lian, “Photoinduced ultrafast electron transfer from CdSe quantum dots to Re-bipyridyl complexes,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 130(17), 5632–5633 (2008).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  27. H. I. Elim, W. Ji, J. Yang, and Y. Lee, “Intensity-dependent enhancement of saturable absorption in PbS-Au4 nanohybrid composites: evidence for resonant energy transfer by Auger recombination,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(25), 251106 (2008).
    [Crossref]

2009 (1)

X. Y. Hu, P. Jiang, C. Xin, H. Yang, and Q. H. Gong, “Nano-Ag:polymeric composite material for ultrafast photonic crystal all-optical switching,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(3), 031103 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (6)

X. Y. Hu, P. Jiang, C. Y. Ding, H. Yang, and Q. H. Gong, “Picosecond and low-power all-optical switching based on an organic photonic-bandgap microcavity,” Nat. Photonics 2(3), 185–189 (2008).
[Crossref]

J. Huang, D. Stockwell, Z. Huang, D. L. Mohler, and T. Lian, “Photoinduced ultrafast electron transfer from CdSe quantum dots to Re-bipyridyl complexes,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 130(17), 5632–5633 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. I. Elim, W. Ji, J. Yang, and Y. Lee, “Intensity-dependent enhancement of saturable absorption in PbS-Au4 nanohybrid composites: evidence for resonant energy transfer by Auger recombination,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(25), 251106 (2008).
[Crossref]

C. Zheng, Y. H. Du, M. Feng, and H. B. Zhan, “Shape dependence of nonlinear optical behaviors of nanostructured silver and their silica gel glass composites,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(14), 143108 (2008).
[Crossref]

Y. Gao, A. Tonizzo, A. Walser, M. Potasek, and R. Dorsinville, “Enhanced optical nonlinearity of surfactant-capped CdS quantum dots embedded in an optically transparent polystyrene thin film,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(3), 033106 (2008).
[Crossref]

S. F. Mingaleev, A. E. Miroshnichenko, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Coupled-resonator-induced reflection in photonic-crystal waveguide structures,” Opt. Express 16(15), 11647–11659 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2007 (1)

R. Song, D. Guan, L. Ma, and Z. Cao, “Exceptionally large third-order optical susceptibility in Ag:SrBi2Nb2O9 composite films,” Mater. Lett. 61(7), 1537–1540 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (1)

P. Murzyn, A. Z. Garcia-Deniz, D. O. Kundys, A. M. Fox, J.-P. R. Wells, D. M. Whittaker, M. S. Skolnick, T. F. Krauss, and J. S. Roberts, “Control of the nonlinear carrier response time of AlGaAs photonic crystal waveguides by sample design,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(14), 141104 (2006).
[Crossref]

2005 (3)

M. Soljačić, E. Lidorikis, J. D. Joannopoulos, and L. V. Hau,“Ultralow-power all-optical switching,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(17), 171101 (2005).
[Crossref]

X. Y. Hu, Q. H. Gong, Y. H. Liu, B. Y. Cheng, and D. Z. Zhang, “All-optical switching of defect mode in two-dimensional nonlinear organic photonic crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(23), 231111 (2005).
[Crossref]

X. Y. Hu, Y. Li, Q. H. Gong, B. Y. Cheng, and D. Z. Zhang, “Fabrication of a two-dimensional organic photonic crystal,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 22(2), 373–375 (2005).
[Crossref]

2004 (2)

L. A. Padilha, A. A. R. Neves, C. L. Cesar, L. C. Barbosa, and C. H. B. Cruz, “Recombination process in CdTe quantum-dot-doped glasses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85(15), 3256–3258 (2004).
[Crossref]

N. N. Lepeshkin, A. Schweinsberg, G. Piredda, R. S. Bennink, and R. W. Boyd, “Enhanced nonlinear optical response of one-dimensional metal-dielectric photonic crystals,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93(12), 123902 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2001 (3)

G. H. Ma, L. J. Guo, J. Mi, Y. Liu, S. X. Qian, J. H. Liu, G. F. He, Y. F. Li, and R. Q. Wang, “Investigations of third-order nonlinear optical response of poly (p-phenylenevinylene) derivatives by femtosecond optical Kerr effect,” Physica B 305(2), 147–154 (2001).
[Crossref]

N. D. Fatti and F. Vallee, “Ultrafast optical nonlinear properties of metal nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. B 73, 383–390 (2001).
[Crossref]

C. Liguda, G. Böttger, A. Kuligk, R. Blum, M. Eich, H. Roth, J. Kunert, W. Morgenroth, H. Elsner, and H. G. Meyer, “Polymer photonic crystal slab waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 78(17), 2434–2436 (2001).
[Crossref]

2000 (1)

H. Okamoto, H. Kishida, H. Matsuzaki, T. Manabe, M. Yamashita, Y. Taguchi, and Y. Tokura, “Gigantic optical nonlinearity in one-dimensional Mott-Hubbard insulators,” Nature 405(6789), 929–932 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1999 (2)

A. Martucci, J. Fick, J. Schell, G. Battaglin, and M. Guglielmi, “Microstructural and nonlinear optical properties of silica-titania sol-gel film doped with PbS quantum dots,” J. Appl. Phys. 86(1), 79–87 (1999).
[Crossref]

R. S. Bennink, Y. K. Yoon, R. W. Boyd, and J. E. Sipe, “Accessing the optical nonlinearity of metals with metal- dielectric photonic bandgap structures,” Opt. Lett. 24(20), 1416–1418 (1999).
[Crossref]

1997 (1)

G. R. Hayes, I. D. W. Samuel, and R. T. Phillips, “Ultrafast dynamics of photoexcitations in conjugated polymers,” Synth. Met. 84(1-3), 889–890 (1997).
[Crossref]

1996 (1)

N. C. Greenham, X. Peng, and A. P. Alivisatos, “Charge separation and transport in conjugated-polymer/semiconductor-nanocrystal composites studied by photoluminescence quenching and photoconductivity,” Phys. Rev. B 54(24), 17628–17637 (1996).
[Crossref]

1995 (2)

V. Klimov, P. H. Bolivar, H. Kurz, V. Karavanskii, V. Krasovskii, and Y. Korkishko, “Linear and nonlinear transmission of CuxS quantum dots,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67(5), 653–655 (1995).
[Crossref]

K. C. Grabar, R. G. Freeman, M. B. Hommer, and M. J. Natan, “Preparation and characterization of Au colloid monolayers,” Anal. Chem. 67(4), 735–743 (1995).
[Crossref]

1992 (2)

H. Hosono, Y. Abe, Y. L. Lee, T. Tokizaki, and A. Nakamura, “Large third-order optical nonlinearity of nanometer-sized amorphous semiconductor: phosphorous colloids formed in SiO2 glass by ion implantation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 61(23), 2747–2749 (1992).
[Crossref]

J. E. Sipe and R. W. Boyd, “Nonlinear susceptibility of composite optical materials in the Maxwell Garnett model,” Phys. Rev. A 46(3), 1614–1629 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Abe, Y.

H. Hosono, Y. Abe, Y. L. Lee, T. Tokizaki, and A. Nakamura, “Large third-order optical nonlinearity of nanometer-sized amorphous semiconductor: phosphorous colloids formed in SiO2 glass by ion implantation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 61(23), 2747–2749 (1992).
[Crossref]

Alivisatos, A. P.

N. C. Greenham, X. Peng, and A. P. Alivisatos, “Charge separation and transport in conjugated-polymer/semiconductor-nanocrystal composites studied by photoluminescence quenching and photoconductivity,” Phys. Rev. B 54(24), 17628–17637 (1996).
[Crossref]

Barbosa, L. C.

L. A. Padilha, A. A. R. Neves, C. L. Cesar, L. C. Barbosa, and C. H. B. Cruz, “Recombination process in CdTe quantum-dot-doped glasses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85(15), 3256–3258 (2004).
[Crossref]

Battaglin, G.

A. Martucci, J. Fick, J. Schell, G. Battaglin, and M. Guglielmi, “Microstructural and nonlinear optical properties of silica-titania sol-gel film doped with PbS quantum dots,” J. Appl. Phys. 86(1), 79–87 (1999).
[Crossref]

Bennink, R. S.

N. N. Lepeshkin, A. Schweinsberg, G. Piredda, R. S. Bennink, and R. W. Boyd, “Enhanced nonlinear optical response of one-dimensional metal-dielectric photonic crystals,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93(12), 123902 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. S. Bennink, Y. K. Yoon, R. W. Boyd, and J. E. Sipe, “Accessing the optical nonlinearity of metals with metal- dielectric photonic bandgap structures,” Opt. Lett. 24(20), 1416–1418 (1999).
[Crossref]

Blum, R.

C. Liguda, G. Böttger, A. Kuligk, R. Blum, M. Eich, H. Roth, J. Kunert, W. Morgenroth, H. Elsner, and H. G. Meyer, “Polymer photonic crystal slab waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 78(17), 2434–2436 (2001).
[Crossref]

Bolivar, P. H.

V. Klimov, P. H. Bolivar, H. Kurz, V. Karavanskii, V. Krasovskii, and Y. Korkishko, “Linear and nonlinear transmission of CuxS quantum dots,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67(5), 653–655 (1995).
[Crossref]

Böttger, G.

C. Liguda, G. Böttger, A. Kuligk, R. Blum, M. Eich, H. Roth, J. Kunert, W. Morgenroth, H. Elsner, and H. G. Meyer, “Polymer photonic crystal slab waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 78(17), 2434–2436 (2001).
[Crossref]

Boyd, R. W.

N. N. Lepeshkin, A. Schweinsberg, G. Piredda, R. S. Bennink, and R. W. Boyd, “Enhanced nonlinear optical response of one-dimensional metal-dielectric photonic crystals,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93(12), 123902 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. S. Bennink, Y. K. Yoon, R. W. Boyd, and J. E. Sipe, “Accessing the optical nonlinearity of metals with metal- dielectric photonic bandgap structures,” Opt. Lett. 24(20), 1416–1418 (1999).
[Crossref]

J. E. Sipe and R. W. Boyd, “Nonlinear susceptibility of composite optical materials in the Maxwell Garnett model,” Phys. Rev. A 46(3), 1614–1629 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cao, Z.

R. Song, D. Guan, L. Ma, and Z. Cao, “Exceptionally large third-order optical susceptibility in Ag:SrBi2Nb2O9 composite films,” Mater. Lett. 61(7), 1537–1540 (2007).
[Crossref]

Cesar, C. L.

L. A. Padilha, A. A. R. Neves, C. L. Cesar, L. C. Barbosa, and C. H. B. Cruz, “Recombination process in CdTe quantum-dot-doped glasses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85(15), 3256–3258 (2004).
[Crossref]

Cheng, B. Y.

X. Y. Hu, Q. H. Gong, Y. H. Liu, B. Y. Cheng, and D. Z. Zhang, “All-optical switching of defect mode in two-dimensional nonlinear organic photonic crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(23), 231111 (2005).
[Crossref]

X. Y. Hu, Y. Li, Q. H. Gong, B. Y. Cheng, and D. Z. Zhang, “Fabrication of a two-dimensional organic photonic crystal,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 22(2), 373–375 (2005).
[Crossref]

Cruz, C. H. B.

L. A. Padilha, A. A. R. Neves, C. L. Cesar, L. C. Barbosa, and C. H. B. Cruz, “Recombination process in CdTe quantum-dot-doped glasses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85(15), 3256–3258 (2004).
[Crossref]

Ding, C. Y.

X. Y. Hu, P. Jiang, C. Y. Ding, H. Yang, and Q. H. Gong, “Picosecond and low-power all-optical switching based on an organic photonic-bandgap microcavity,” Nat. Photonics 2(3), 185–189 (2008).
[Crossref]

Dorsinville, R.

Y. Gao, A. Tonizzo, A. Walser, M. Potasek, and R. Dorsinville, “Enhanced optical nonlinearity of surfactant-capped CdS quantum dots embedded in an optically transparent polystyrene thin film,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(3), 033106 (2008).
[Crossref]

Du, Y. H.

C. Zheng, Y. H. Du, M. Feng, and H. B. Zhan, “Shape dependence of nonlinear optical behaviors of nanostructured silver and their silica gel glass composites,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(14), 143108 (2008).
[Crossref]

Eich, M.

C. Liguda, G. Böttger, A. Kuligk, R. Blum, M. Eich, H. Roth, J. Kunert, W. Morgenroth, H. Elsner, and H. G. Meyer, “Polymer photonic crystal slab waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 78(17), 2434–2436 (2001).
[Crossref]

Elim, H. I.

H. I. Elim, W. Ji, J. Yang, and Y. Lee, “Intensity-dependent enhancement of saturable absorption in PbS-Au4 nanohybrid composites: evidence for resonant energy transfer by Auger recombination,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(25), 251106 (2008).
[Crossref]

Elsner, H.

C. Liguda, G. Böttger, A. Kuligk, R. Blum, M. Eich, H. Roth, J. Kunert, W. Morgenroth, H. Elsner, and H. G. Meyer, “Polymer photonic crystal slab waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 78(17), 2434–2436 (2001).
[Crossref]

Fatti, N. D.

N. D. Fatti and F. Vallee, “Ultrafast optical nonlinear properties of metal nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. B 73, 383–390 (2001).
[Crossref]

Feng, M.

C. Zheng, Y. H. Du, M. Feng, and H. B. Zhan, “Shape dependence of nonlinear optical behaviors of nanostructured silver and their silica gel glass composites,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(14), 143108 (2008).
[Crossref]

Fick, J.

A. Martucci, J. Fick, J. Schell, G. Battaglin, and M. Guglielmi, “Microstructural and nonlinear optical properties of silica-titania sol-gel film doped with PbS quantum dots,” J. Appl. Phys. 86(1), 79–87 (1999).
[Crossref]

Fox, A. M.

P. Murzyn, A. Z. Garcia-Deniz, D. O. Kundys, A. M. Fox, J.-P. R. Wells, D. M. Whittaker, M. S. Skolnick, T. F. Krauss, and J. S. Roberts, “Control of the nonlinear carrier response time of AlGaAs photonic crystal waveguides by sample design,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(14), 141104 (2006).
[Crossref]

Freeman, R. G.

K. C. Grabar, R. G. Freeman, M. B. Hommer, and M. J. Natan, “Preparation and characterization of Au colloid monolayers,” Anal. Chem. 67(4), 735–743 (1995).
[Crossref]

Gao, Y.

Y. Gao, A. Tonizzo, A. Walser, M. Potasek, and R. Dorsinville, “Enhanced optical nonlinearity of surfactant-capped CdS quantum dots embedded in an optically transparent polystyrene thin film,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(3), 033106 (2008).
[Crossref]

Garcia-Deniz, A. Z.

P. Murzyn, A. Z. Garcia-Deniz, D. O. Kundys, A. M. Fox, J.-P. R. Wells, D. M. Whittaker, M. S. Skolnick, T. F. Krauss, and J. S. Roberts, “Control of the nonlinear carrier response time of AlGaAs photonic crystal waveguides by sample design,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(14), 141104 (2006).
[Crossref]

Gong, Q. H.

X. Y. Hu, P. Jiang, C. Xin, H. Yang, and Q. H. Gong, “Nano-Ag:polymeric composite material for ultrafast photonic crystal all-optical switching,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(3), 031103 (2009).
[Crossref]

X. Y. Hu, P. Jiang, C. Y. Ding, H. Yang, and Q. H. Gong, “Picosecond and low-power all-optical switching based on an organic photonic-bandgap microcavity,” Nat. Photonics 2(3), 185–189 (2008).
[Crossref]

X. Y. Hu, Y. Li, Q. H. Gong, B. Y. Cheng, and D. Z. Zhang, “Fabrication of a two-dimensional organic photonic crystal,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 22(2), 373–375 (2005).
[Crossref]

X. Y. Hu, Q. H. Gong, Y. H. Liu, B. Y. Cheng, and D. Z. Zhang, “All-optical switching of defect mode in two-dimensional nonlinear organic photonic crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(23), 231111 (2005).
[Crossref]

Grabar, K. C.

K. C. Grabar, R. G. Freeman, M. B. Hommer, and M. J. Natan, “Preparation and characterization of Au colloid monolayers,” Anal. Chem. 67(4), 735–743 (1995).
[Crossref]

Greenham, N. C.

N. C. Greenham, X. Peng, and A. P. Alivisatos, “Charge separation and transport in conjugated-polymer/semiconductor-nanocrystal composites studied by photoluminescence quenching and photoconductivity,” Phys. Rev. B 54(24), 17628–17637 (1996).
[Crossref]

Guan, D.

R. Song, D. Guan, L. Ma, and Z. Cao, “Exceptionally large third-order optical susceptibility in Ag:SrBi2Nb2O9 composite films,” Mater. Lett. 61(7), 1537–1540 (2007).
[Crossref]

Guglielmi, M.

A. Martucci, J. Fick, J. Schell, G. Battaglin, and M. Guglielmi, “Microstructural and nonlinear optical properties of silica-titania sol-gel film doped with PbS quantum dots,” J. Appl. Phys. 86(1), 79–87 (1999).
[Crossref]

Guo, L. J.

G. H. Ma, L. J. Guo, J. Mi, Y. Liu, S. X. Qian, J. H. Liu, G. F. He, Y. F. Li, and R. Q. Wang, “Investigations of third-order nonlinear optical response of poly (p-phenylenevinylene) derivatives by femtosecond optical Kerr effect,” Physica B 305(2), 147–154 (2001).
[Crossref]

Hau, L. V.

M. Soljačić, E. Lidorikis, J. D. Joannopoulos, and L. V. Hau,“Ultralow-power all-optical switching,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(17), 171101 (2005).
[Crossref]

Hayes, G. R.

G. R. Hayes, I. D. W. Samuel, and R. T. Phillips, “Ultrafast dynamics of photoexcitations in conjugated polymers,” Synth. Met. 84(1-3), 889–890 (1997).
[Crossref]

He, G. F.

G. H. Ma, L. J. Guo, J. Mi, Y. Liu, S. X. Qian, J. H. Liu, G. F. He, Y. F. Li, and R. Q. Wang, “Investigations of third-order nonlinear optical response of poly (p-phenylenevinylene) derivatives by femtosecond optical Kerr effect,” Physica B 305(2), 147–154 (2001).
[Crossref]

Hommer, M. B.

K. C. Grabar, R. G. Freeman, M. B. Hommer, and M. J. Natan, “Preparation and characterization of Au colloid monolayers,” Anal. Chem. 67(4), 735–743 (1995).
[Crossref]

Hosono, H.

H. Hosono, Y. Abe, Y. L. Lee, T. Tokizaki, and A. Nakamura, “Large third-order optical nonlinearity of nanometer-sized amorphous semiconductor: phosphorous colloids formed in SiO2 glass by ion implantation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 61(23), 2747–2749 (1992).
[Crossref]

Hu, X. Y.

X. Y. Hu, P. Jiang, C. Xin, H. Yang, and Q. H. Gong, “Nano-Ag:polymeric composite material for ultrafast photonic crystal all-optical switching,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(3), 031103 (2009).
[Crossref]

X. Y. Hu, P. Jiang, C. Y. Ding, H. Yang, and Q. H. Gong, “Picosecond and low-power all-optical switching based on an organic photonic-bandgap microcavity,” Nat. Photonics 2(3), 185–189 (2008).
[Crossref]

X. Y. Hu, Y. Li, Q. H. Gong, B. Y. Cheng, and D. Z. Zhang, “Fabrication of a two-dimensional organic photonic crystal,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 22(2), 373–375 (2005).
[Crossref]

X. Y. Hu, Q. H. Gong, Y. H. Liu, B. Y. Cheng, and D. Z. Zhang, “All-optical switching of defect mode in two-dimensional nonlinear organic photonic crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(23), 231111 (2005).
[Crossref]

Huang, J.

J. Huang, D. Stockwell, Z. Huang, D. L. Mohler, and T. Lian, “Photoinduced ultrafast electron transfer from CdSe quantum dots to Re-bipyridyl complexes,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 130(17), 5632–5633 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Huang, Z.

J. Huang, D. Stockwell, Z. Huang, D. L. Mohler, and T. Lian, “Photoinduced ultrafast electron transfer from CdSe quantum dots to Re-bipyridyl complexes,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 130(17), 5632–5633 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ji, W.

H. I. Elim, W. Ji, J. Yang, and Y. Lee, “Intensity-dependent enhancement of saturable absorption in PbS-Au4 nanohybrid composites: evidence for resonant energy transfer by Auger recombination,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(25), 251106 (2008).
[Crossref]

Jiang, P.

X. Y. Hu, P. Jiang, C. Xin, H. Yang, and Q. H. Gong, “Nano-Ag:polymeric composite material for ultrafast photonic crystal all-optical switching,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(3), 031103 (2009).
[Crossref]

X. Y. Hu, P. Jiang, C. Y. Ding, H. Yang, and Q. H. Gong, “Picosecond and low-power all-optical switching based on an organic photonic-bandgap microcavity,” Nat. Photonics 2(3), 185–189 (2008).
[Crossref]

Joannopoulos, J. D.

M. Soljačić, E. Lidorikis, J. D. Joannopoulos, and L. V. Hau,“Ultralow-power all-optical switching,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(17), 171101 (2005).
[Crossref]

Karavanskii, V.

V. Klimov, P. H. Bolivar, H. Kurz, V. Karavanskii, V. Krasovskii, and Y. Korkishko, “Linear and nonlinear transmission of CuxS quantum dots,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67(5), 653–655 (1995).
[Crossref]

Kishida, H.

H. Okamoto, H. Kishida, H. Matsuzaki, T. Manabe, M. Yamashita, Y. Taguchi, and Y. Tokura, “Gigantic optical nonlinearity in one-dimensional Mott-Hubbard insulators,” Nature 405(6789), 929–932 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kivshar, Y. S.

Klimov, V.

V. Klimov, P. H. Bolivar, H. Kurz, V. Karavanskii, V. Krasovskii, and Y. Korkishko, “Linear and nonlinear transmission of CuxS quantum dots,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67(5), 653–655 (1995).
[Crossref]

Korkishko, Y.

V. Klimov, P. H. Bolivar, H. Kurz, V. Karavanskii, V. Krasovskii, and Y. Korkishko, “Linear and nonlinear transmission of CuxS quantum dots,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67(5), 653–655 (1995).
[Crossref]

Krasovskii, V.

V. Klimov, P. H. Bolivar, H. Kurz, V. Karavanskii, V. Krasovskii, and Y. Korkishko, “Linear and nonlinear transmission of CuxS quantum dots,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67(5), 653–655 (1995).
[Crossref]

Krauss, T. F.

P. Murzyn, A. Z. Garcia-Deniz, D. O. Kundys, A. M. Fox, J.-P. R. Wells, D. M. Whittaker, M. S. Skolnick, T. F. Krauss, and J. S. Roberts, “Control of the nonlinear carrier response time of AlGaAs photonic crystal waveguides by sample design,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(14), 141104 (2006).
[Crossref]

Kuligk, A.

C. Liguda, G. Böttger, A. Kuligk, R. Blum, M. Eich, H. Roth, J. Kunert, W. Morgenroth, H. Elsner, and H. G. Meyer, “Polymer photonic crystal slab waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 78(17), 2434–2436 (2001).
[Crossref]

Kundys, D. O.

P. Murzyn, A. Z. Garcia-Deniz, D. O. Kundys, A. M. Fox, J.-P. R. Wells, D. M. Whittaker, M. S. Skolnick, T. F. Krauss, and J. S. Roberts, “Control of the nonlinear carrier response time of AlGaAs photonic crystal waveguides by sample design,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(14), 141104 (2006).
[Crossref]

Kunert, J.

C. Liguda, G. Böttger, A. Kuligk, R. Blum, M. Eich, H. Roth, J. Kunert, W. Morgenroth, H. Elsner, and H. G. Meyer, “Polymer photonic crystal slab waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 78(17), 2434–2436 (2001).
[Crossref]

Kurz, H.

V. Klimov, P. H. Bolivar, H. Kurz, V. Karavanskii, V. Krasovskii, and Y. Korkishko, “Linear and nonlinear transmission of CuxS quantum dots,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67(5), 653–655 (1995).
[Crossref]

Lee, Y.

H. I. Elim, W. Ji, J. Yang, and Y. Lee, “Intensity-dependent enhancement of saturable absorption in PbS-Au4 nanohybrid composites: evidence for resonant energy transfer by Auger recombination,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(25), 251106 (2008).
[Crossref]

Lee, Y. L.

H. Hosono, Y. Abe, Y. L. Lee, T. Tokizaki, and A. Nakamura, “Large third-order optical nonlinearity of nanometer-sized amorphous semiconductor: phosphorous colloids formed in SiO2 glass by ion implantation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 61(23), 2747–2749 (1992).
[Crossref]

Lepeshkin, N. N.

N. N. Lepeshkin, A. Schweinsberg, G. Piredda, R. S. Bennink, and R. W. Boyd, “Enhanced nonlinear optical response of one-dimensional metal-dielectric photonic crystals,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93(12), 123902 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, Y.

X. Y. Hu, Y. Li, Q. H. Gong, B. Y. Cheng, and D. Z. Zhang, “Fabrication of a two-dimensional organic photonic crystal,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 22(2), 373–375 (2005).
[Crossref]

Li, Y. F.

G. H. Ma, L. J. Guo, J. Mi, Y. Liu, S. X. Qian, J. H. Liu, G. F. He, Y. F. Li, and R. Q. Wang, “Investigations of third-order nonlinear optical response of poly (p-phenylenevinylene) derivatives by femtosecond optical Kerr effect,” Physica B 305(2), 147–154 (2001).
[Crossref]

Lian, T.

J. Huang, D. Stockwell, Z. Huang, D. L. Mohler, and T. Lian, “Photoinduced ultrafast electron transfer from CdSe quantum dots to Re-bipyridyl complexes,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 130(17), 5632–5633 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lidorikis, E.

M. Soljačić, E. Lidorikis, J. D. Joannopoulos, and L. V. Hau,“Ultralow-power all-optical switching,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(17), 171101 (2005).
[Crossref]

Liguda, C.

C. Liguda, G. Böttger, A. Kuligk, R. Blum, M. Eich, H. Roth, J. Kunert, W. Morgenroth, H. Elsner, and H. G. Meyer, “Polymer photonic crystal slab waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 78(17), 2434–2436 (2001).
[Crossref]

Liu, J. H.

G. H. Ma, L. J. Guo, J. Mi, Y. Liu, S. X. Qian, J. H. Liu, G. F. He, Y. F. Li, and R. Q. Wang, “Investigations of third-order nonlinear optical response of poly (p-phenylenevinylene) derivatives by femtosecond optical Kerr effect,” Physica B 305(2), 147–154 (2001).
[Crossref]

Liu, Y.

G. H. Ma, L. J. Guo, J. Mi, Y. Liu, S. X. Qian, J. H. Liu, G. F. He, Y. F. Li, and R. Q. Wang, “Investigations of third-order nonlinear optical response of poly (p-phenylenevinylene) derivatives by femtosecond optical Kerr effect,” Physica B 305(2), 147–154 (2001).
[Crossref]

Liu, Y. H.

X. Y. Hu, Q. H. Gong, Y. H. Liu, B. Y. Cheng, and D. Z. Zhang, “All-optical switching of defect mode in two-dimensional nonlinear organic photonic crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(23), 231111 (2005).
[Crossref]

Ma, G. H.

G. H. Ma, L. J. Guo, J. Mi, Y. Liu, S. X. Qian, J. H. Liu, G. F. He, Y. F. Li, and R. Q. Wang, “Investigations of third-order nonlinear optical response of poly (p-phenylenevinylene) derivatives by femtosecond optical Kerr effect,” Physica B 305(2), 147–154 (2001).
[Crossref]

Ma, L.

R. Song, D. Guan, L. Ma, and Z. Cao, “Exceptionally large third-order optical susceptibility in Ag:SrBi2Nb2O9 composite films,” Mater. Lett. 61(7), 1537–1540 (2007).
[Crossref]

Manabe, T.

H. Okamoto, H. Kishida, H. Matsuzaki, T. Manabe, M. Yamashita, Y. Taguchi, and Y. Tokura, “Gigantic optical nonlinearity in one-dimensional Mott-Hubbard insulators,” Nature 405(6789), 929–932 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Martucci, A.

A. Martucci, J. Fick, J. Schell, G. Battaglin, and M. Guglielmi, “Microstructural and nonlinear optical properties of silica-titania sol-gel film doped with PbS quantum dots,” J. Appl. Phys. 86(1), 79–87 (1999).
[Crossref]

Matsuzaki, H.

H. Okamoto, H. Kishida, H. Matsuzaki, T. Manabe, M. Yamashita, Y. Taguchi, and Y. Tokura, “Gigantic optical nonlinearity in one-dimensional Mott-Hubbard insulators,” Nature 405(6789), 929–932 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Meyer, H. G.

C. Liguda, G. Böttger, A. Kuligk, R. Blum, M. Eich, H. Roth, J. Kunert, W. Morgenroth, H. Elsner, and H. G. Meyer, “Polymer photonic crystal slab waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 78(17), 2434–2436 (2001).
[Crossref]

Mi, J.

G. H. Ma, L. J. Guo, J. Mi, Y. Liu, S. X. Qian, J. H. Liu, G. F. He, Y. F. Li, and R. Q. Wang, “Investigations of third-order nonlinear optical response of poly (p-phenylenevinylene) derivatives by femtosecond optical Kerr effect,” Physica B 305(2), 147–154 (2001).
[Crossref]

Mingaleev, S. F.

Miroshnichenko, A. E.

Mohler, D. L.

J. Huang, D. Stockwell, Z. Huang, D. L. Mohler, and T. Lian, “Photoinduced ultrafast electron transfer from CdSe quantum dots to Re-bipyridyl complexes,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 130(17), 5632–5633 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Morgenroth, W.

C. Liguda, G. Böttger, A. Kuligk, R. Blum, M. Eich, H. Roth, J. Kunert, W. Morgenroth, H. Elsner, and H. G. Meyer, “Polymer photonic crystal slab waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 78(17), 2434–2436 (2001).
[Crossref]

Murzyn, P.

P. Murzyn, A. Z. Garcia-Deniz, D. O. Kundys, A. M. Fox, J.-P. R. Wells, D. M. Whittaker, M. S. Skolnick, T. F. Krauss, and J. S. Roberts, “Control of the nonlinear carrier response time of AlGaAs photonic crystal waveguides by sample design,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(14), 141104 (2006).
[Crossref]

Nakamura, A.

H. Hosono, Y. Abe, Y. L. Lee, T. Tokizaki, and A. Nakamura, “Large third-order optical nonlinearity of nanometer-sized amorphous semiconductor: phosphorous colloids formed in SiO2 glass by ion implantation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 61(23), 2747–2749 (1992).
[Crossref]

Natan, M. J.

K. C. Grabar, R. G. Freeman, M. B. Hommer, and M. J. Natan, “Preparation and characterization of Au colloid monolayers,” Anal. Chem. 67(4), 735–743 (1995).
[Crossref]

Neves, A. A. R.

L. A. Padilha, A. A. R. Neves, C. L. Cesar, L. C. Barbosa, and C. H. B. Cruz, “Recombination process in CdTe quantum-dot-doped glasses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85(15), 3256–3258 (2004).
[Crossref]

Okamoto, H.

H. Okamoto, H. Kishida, H. Matsuzaki, T. Manabe, M. Yamashita, Y. Taguchi, and Y. Tokura, “Gigantic optical nonlinearity in one-dimensional Mott-Hubbard insulators,” Nature 405(6789), 929–932 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Padilha, L. A.

L. A. Padilha, A. A. R. Neves, C. L. Cesar, L. C. Barbosa, and C. H. B. Cruz, “Recombination process in CdTe quantum-dot-doped glasses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85(15), 3256–3258 (2004).
[Crossref]

Peng, X.

N. C. Greenham, X. Peng, and A. P. Alivisatos, “Charge separation and transport in conjugated-polymer/semiconductor-nanocrystal composites studied by photoluminescence quenching and photoconductivity,” Phys. Rev. B 54(24), 17628–17637 (1996).
[Crossref]

Phillips, R. T.

G. R. Hayes, I. D. W. Samuel, and R. T. Phillips, “Ultrafast dynamics of photoexcitations in conjugated polymers,” Synth. Met. 84(1-3), 889–890 (1997).
[Crossref]

Piredda, G.

N. N. Lepeshkin, A. Schweinsberg, G. Piredda, R. S. Bennink, and R. W. Boyd, “Enhanced nonlinear optical response of one-dimensional metal-dielectric photonic crystals,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93(12), 123902 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Potasek, M.

Y. Gao, A. Tonizzo, A. Walser, M. Potasek, and R. Dorsinville, “Enhanced optical nonlinearity of surfactant-capped CdS quantum dots embedded in an optically transparent polystyrene thin film,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(3), 033106 (2008).
[Crossref]

Qian, S. X.

G. H. Ma, L. J. Guo, J. Mi, Y. Liu, S. X. Qian, J. H. Liu, G. F. He, Y. F. Li, and R. Q. Wang, “Investigations of third-order nonlinear optical response of poly (p-phenylenevinylene) derivatives by femtosecond optical Kerr effect,” Physica B 305(2), 147–154 (2001).
[Crossref]

Roberts, J. S.

P. Murzyn, A. Z. Garcia-Deniz, D. O. Kundys, A. M. Fox, J.-P. R. Wells, D. M. Whittaker, M. S. Skolnick, T. F. Krauss, and J. S. Roberts, “Control of the nonlinear carrier response time of AlGaAs photonic crystal waveguides by sample design,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(14), 141104 (2006).
[Crossref]

Roth, H.

C. Liguda, G. Böttger, A. Kuligk, R. Blum, M. Eich, H. Roth, J. Kunert, W. Morgenroth, H. Elsner, and H. G. Meyer, “Polymer photonic crystal slab waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 78(17), 2434–2436 (2001).
[Crossref]

Samuel, I. D. W.

G. R. Hayes, I. D. W. Samuel, and R. T. Phillips, “Ultrafast dynamics of photoexcitations in conjugated polymers,” Synth. Met. 84(1-3), 889–890 (1997).
[Crossref]

Schell, J.

A. Martucci, J. Fick, J. Schell, G. Battaglin, and M. Guglielmi, “Microstructural and nonlinear optical properties of silica-titania sol-gel film doped with PbS quantum dots,” J. Appl. Phys. 86(1), 79–87 (1999).
[Crossref]

Schweinsberg, A.

N. N. Lepeshkin, A. Schweinsberg, G. Piredda, R. S. Bennink, and R. W. Boyd, “Enhanced nonlinear optical response of one-dimensional metal-dielectric photonic crystals,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93(12), 123902 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sipe, J. E.

R. S. Bennink, Y. K. Yoon, R. W. Boyd, and J. E. Sipe, “Accessing the optical nonlinearity of metals with metal- dielectric photonic bandgap structures,” Opt. Lett. 24(20), 1416–1418 (1999).
[Crossref]

J. E. Sipe and R. W. Boyd, “Nonlinear susceptibility of composite optical materials in the Maxwell Garnett model,” Phys. Rev. A 46(3), 1614–1629 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Skolnick, M. S.

P. Murzyn, A. Z. Garcia-Deniz, D. O. Kundys, A. M. Fox, J.-P. R. Wells, D. M. Whittaker, M. S. Skolnick, T. F. Krauss, and J. S. Roberts, “Control of the nonlinear carrier response time of AlGaAs photonic crystal waveguides by sample design,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(14), 141104 (2006).
[Crossref]

Soljacic, M.

M. Soljačić, E. Lidorikis, J. D. Joannopoulos, and L. V. Hau,“Ultralow-power all-optical switching,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(17), 171101 (2005).
[Crossref]

Song, R.

R. Song, D. Guan, L. Ma, and Z. Cao, “Exceptionally large third-order optical susceptibility in Ag:SrBi2Nb2O9 composite films,” Mater. Lett. 61(7), 1537–1540 (2007).
[Crossref]

Stockwell, D.

J. Huang, D. Stockwell, Z. Huang, D. L. Mohler, and T. Lian, “Photoinduced ultrafast electron transfer from CdSe quantum dots to Re-bipyridyl complexes,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 130(17), 5632–5633 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Taguchi, Y.

H. Okamoto, H. Kishida, H. Matsuzaki, T. Manabe, M. Yamashita, Y. Taguchi, and Y. Tokura, “Gigantic optical nonlinearity in one-dimensional Mott-Hubbard insulators,” Nature 405(6789), 929–932 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tokizaki, T.

H. Hosono, Y. Abe, Y. L. Lee, T. Tokizaki, and A. Nakamura, “Large third-order optical nonlinearity of nanometer-sized amorphous semiconductor: phosphorous colloids formed in SiO2 glass by ion implantation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 61(23), 2747–2749 (1992).
[Crossref]

Tokura, Y.

H. Okamoto, H. Kishida, H. Matsuzaki, T. Manabe, M. Yamashita, Y. Taguchi, and Y. Tokura, “Gigantic optical nonlinearity in one-dimensional Mott-Hubbard insulators,” Nature 405(6789), 929–932 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tonizzo, A.

Y. Gao, A. Tonizzo, A. Walser, M. Potasek, and R. Dorsinville, “Enhanced optical nonlinearity of surfactant-capped CdS quantum dots embedded in an optically transparent polystyrene thin film,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(3), 033106 (2008).
[Crossref]

Vallee, F.

N. D. Fatti and F. Vallee, “Ultrafast optical nonlinear properties of metal nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. B 73, 383–390 (2001).
[Crossref]

Walser, A.

Y. Gao, A. Tonizzo, A. Walser, M. Potasek, and R. Dorsinville, “Enhanced optical nonlinearity of surfactant-capped CdS quantum dots embedded in an optically transparent polystyrene thin film,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(3), 033106 (2008).
[Crossref]

Wang, R. Q.

G. H. Ma, L. J. Guo, J. Mi, Y. Liu, S. X. Qian, J. H. Liu, G. F. He, Y. F. Li, and R. Q. Wang, “Investigations of third-order nonlinear optical response of poly (p-phenylenevinylene) derivatives by femtosecond optical Kerr effect,” Physica B 305(2), 147–154 (2001).
[Crossref]

Wells, J.-P. R.

P. Murzyn, A. Z. Garcia-Deniz, D. O. Kundys, A. M. Fox, J.-P. R. Wells, D. M. Whittaker, M. S. Skolnick, T. F. Krauss, and J. S. Roberts, “Control of the nonlinear carrier response time of AlGaAs photonic crystal waveguides by sample design,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(14), 141104 (2006).
[Crossref]

Whittaker, D. M.

P. Murzyn, A. Z. Garcia-Deniz, D. O. Kundys, A. M. Fox, J.-P. R. Wells, D. M. Whittaker, M. S. Skolnick, T. F. Krauss, and J. S. Roberts, “Control of the nonlinear carrier response time of AlGaAs photonic crystal waveguides by sample design,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(14), 141104 (2006).
[Crossref]

Xin, C.

X. Y. Hu, P. Jiang, C. Xin, H. Yang, and Q. H. Gong, “Nano-Ag:polymeric composite material for ultrafast photonic crystal all-optical switching,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(3), 031103 (2009).
[Crossref]

Yamashita, M.

H. Okamoto, H. Kishida, H. Matsuzaki, T. Manabe, M. Yamashita, Y. Taguchi, and Y. Tokura, “Gigantic optical nonlinearity in one-dimensional Mott-Hubbard insulators,” Nature 405(6789), 929–932 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yang, H.

X. Y. Hu, P. Jiang, C. Xin, H. Yang, and Q. H. Gong, “Nano-Ag:polymeric composite material for ultrafast photonic crystal all-optical switching,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(3), 031103 (2009).
[Crossref]

X. Y. Hu, P. Jiang, C. Y. Ding, H. Yang, and Q. H. Gong, “Picosecond and low-power all-optical switching based on an organic photonic-bandgap microcavity,” Nat. Photonics 2(3), 185–189 (2008).
[Crossref]

Yang, J.

H. I. Elim, W. Ji, J. Yang, and Y. Lee, “Intensity-dependent enhancement of saturable absorption in PbS-Au4 nanohybrid composites: evidence for resonant energy transfer by Auger recombination,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(25), 251106 (2008).
[Crossref]

Yoon, Y. K.

Zhan, H. B.

C. Zheng, Y. H. Du, M. Feng, and H. B. Zhan, “Shape dependence of nonlinear optical behaviors of nanostructured silver and their silica gel glass composites,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(14), 143108 (2008).
[Crossref]

Zhang, D. Z.

X. Y. Hu, Y. Li, Q. H. Gong, B. Y. Cheng, and D. Z. Zhang, “Fabrication of a two-dimensional organic photonic crystal,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 22(2), 373–375 (2005).
[Crossref]

X. Y. Hu, Q. H. Gong, Y. H. Liu, B. Y. Cheng, and D. Z. Zhang, “All-optical switching of defect mode in two-dimensional nonlinear organic photonic crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(23), 231111 (2005).
[Crossref]

Zheng, C.

C. Zheng, Y. H. Du, M. Feng, and H. B. Zhan, “Shape dependence of nonlinear optical behaviors of nanostructured silver and their silica gel glass composites,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(14), 143108 (2008).
[Crossref]

Anal. Chem. (1)

K. C. Grabar, R. G. Freeman, M. B. Hommer, and M. J. Natan, “Preparation and characterization of Au colloid monolayers,” Anal. Chem. 67(4), 735–743 (1995).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. B (1)

N. D. Fatti and F. Vallee, “Ultrafast optical nonlinear properties of metal nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. B 73, 383–390 (2001).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (11)

L. A. Padilha, A. A. R. Neves, C. L. Cesar, L. C. Barbosa, and C. H. B. Cruz, “Recombination process in CdTe quantum-dot-doped glasses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85(15), 3256–3258 (2004).
[Crossref]

H. I. Elim, W. Ji, J. Yang, and Y. Lee, “Intensity-dependent enhancement of saturable absorption in PbS-Au4 nanohybrid composites: evidence for resonant energy transfer by Auger recombination,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(25), 251106 (2008).
[Crossref]

C. Zheng, Y. H. Du, M. Feng, and H. B. Zhan, “Shape dependence of nonlinear optical behaviors of nanostructured silver and their silica gel glass composites,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(14), 143108 (2008).
[Crossref]

Y. Gao, A. Tonizzo, A. Walser, M. Potasek, and R. Dorsinville, “Enhanced optical nonlinearity of surfactant-capped CdS quantum dots embedded in an optically transparent polystyrene thin film,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(3), 033106 (2008).
[Crossref]

M. Soljačić, E. Lidorikis, J. D. Joannopoulos, and L. V. Hau,“Ultralow-power all-optical switching,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(17), 171101 (2005).
[Crossref]

P. Murzyn, A. Z. Garcia-Deniz, D. O. Kundys, A. M. Fox, J.-P. R. Wells, D. M. Whittaker, M. S. Skolnick, T. F. Krauss, and J. S. Roberts, “Control of the nonlinear carrier response time of AlGaAs photonic crystal waveguides by sample design,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(14), 141104 (2006).
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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Linear absorption spectra of CdTe0.13S0.87 quantum dots, Ag colloid, and MEH-PPV films.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 SEM images of the CdTe0.13S0.87 quantum dots doped nano-Ag:MEH-PPV photonic crystal. (a) Large-scale image. (b) Small-scale image. The arrow indicates the propagation direction of the probe light.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Experimental setup. The thick lines represent optical connections, while thin lines are electronic connections.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Transmittance spectrum of the CdTe0.13S0.87 quantum dots doped nano-Ag:MEH-PPV photonic crystal. (a) Simulated results. (b) Measured transmittance spectrum of the dielectric bandedge.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 All-optical switching effect. The thick red line represents the double-exponentially fitted result. (a) For the CdTe0.13S0.87 doped nano-Ag:MEH-PPV photonic crystal with a doping concentration of 10%. (b) For the CdTe0.13S0.87 doped nano-Ag:MEH-PPV photonic crystal with a doping concentration of 27%. (c) For the CdTe0.13S0.87:MEH-PPV photonic crystal with a doping concentration of 40%.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Schematic relaxation pathways of CdTe0.13S0.87 doped nano-Ag:MEH-PPV composite.

Equations (1)

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Δn=n2I=12π2n02cReχ(3)I

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