Abstract

We theoretically investigate the quantum-path interference during the high harmonic generation in argon and observe the multi-quantum-path-interference (MQPI) effect related to the chirp of driving laser pulse. We successfully identify the interference originated from four significantly contributing quantum paths in the interaction of “isolated” atom with the driving laser field. Moreover, the MQPI effect is further demonstrated beyond the single atom response by spatial filtering which is used for angle-selective detection of transmitted light when three-dimensional propagation is considered. It implies that the role of high-order electron returning trajectories during high harmonic generation can be observed in the experiment.

©2009 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. P. Agostini and L. F. DiMauro, “The physics of attosecond light pulses,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 67, 813–855 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  2. P. B. Corkum, “Plasma Perspective on Strong-Field Multiphoton Ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 1994–1997 (1993).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  3. K. J. Schafer, B. Yang, L. F. DiMauro, and K. C. Kulander, “Above threshold ionization beyond the high harmonic cutoff,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 1599–1602 (1993).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  4. M. Lewenstein, Ph. Balcou, M. Yu, Ivanov, A. L’Huillier, and P. B. Corkum, “Theory of high-harmonic generation by low-frequency laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 49, 2117–2132 (1994).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  5. P. Salières, B. Carré, L. Le Déroff, F. Grasbon, G. G. Paulus, H. Walther, R. Kopold, W. Becker, D. B. Milošević, A. Sanpera, and M. Lewenstein, “Feynman’s Path-Integral Approach for Intense-Laser-Atom Interactions,” Science 292, 902–905 (2001).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  6. R. Kopold, W. Becker, and M. Kleber, “Quantum path analysis of high-order above-threshold ionization,” Opt. Commun. 179, 39–50 (2000).
    [Crossref]
  7. M. Lewenstein, P. Salières, and A. L’Huillier, “Phase of the atomic polarization in high-order harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. A 52, 4747–4754 (1995).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  8. A. Zaïr, M. Holler, A. Guandalini, F. Schapper, J. Biegert, L. Gallmann, U. Keller, A. S. Wyatt, A. Monmayrant, I. A. Walmsley, E. Cormier, T. Auguste, J. P. Caumes, and P. Salières, “Quantum Path Interferences in High-Order Harmonic Generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 143902(4) (2008).
    [Crossref]
  9. K. Schiessl, K. L. Ishikawa, E. Persson, and J. Burgdörfer, “Quantum Path Interference in the Wavelength Dependence of High-Harmonic Generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 253903(4) (2007).
    [Crossref]
  10. K. L. Ishikawa, K. Schiessl, E. Persson, and J. Burgdörfer, “Fine-scale oscillations in the wavelength and intensity dependence of high-order harmonic generation: Connection with channel closings,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 033411(10) (2009).
    [Crossref]
  11. D. B. Milošević, E. Hasović, S. Odžak, and W. Becker, “Wavelength dependence of channel-closing enhancements in high-order above-threshold ionization and harmonic generation,” J. Mod. Opt. 55, 2653–2663 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  12. M. V. Frolov, N. L. Manakov, and A. F. Starace, “Wavelength Scaling of High-Harmonic Yield: Threshold Phenomena and Bound State Symmetry Dependence,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 173001(4) (2008).
    [Crossref]
  13. J. Tate, T. Auguste, H. G. Muller, P. Salières, P. Agostini, and L. F. DiMauro, “Scaling of Wave-Packet Dynamics in an Intense Midinfrared Field,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 013901(4) (2007).
    [Crossref]
  14. Vladislav S. Yakovlev, M. Ivanov, and F. Krausz, “Enhanced phase-matching for generation of soft X-ray harmonics and attosecond pulses in atomic gases,” Opt. Express 15, 15351–15364 (2007).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  15. M. Yu. Ivanov, T. Brabec, and N. Burnett, “Coulomb corrections and polarization effects in high-intensity high-harmonic emission,” Phys. Rev. A 54, 742–745 (1996).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  16. M. V. Ammosov, N. B. Delone, and V. P. Kraĭ nov, and Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz., “Tunnel ionization of complex atoms and of atomic ions in alternating electromagnetic field,” Sov. Phys. JETP 64, 1191–1194 (1986).
  17. J. J. Carrera and S. -I. Chu, “Extension of high-order harmonic generation cutoff via coherent control of intense few-cycle chirped laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 75, 033807(5) (2007).
    [Crossref]
  18. J. -H. Kim, D. G. Lee, H. J. Shin, and C. H. Nam, “Wigner time-frequency distribution of high-order harmonics,” Phys. Rev. A 63, 063403(5) (2001).
    [Crossref]
  19. J. Zhou, J. Peatross, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, and I. P. Christov, “Enhanced High-Harmonic Generation Using 25 fs Laser Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 752–755 (1996).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  20. V. Tosa, H. T. Kim, I. J. Kim, and C. H. Nam, “High-order harmonic generation by chirped and self-guided femtosecond laser pulses. I. Spatial and spectral analysis,” Phys. Rev. A 71, 063807(7) (2005).
  21. X. Zhang, A. L. Lytle, O. Cohen, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Quantum-path control in high-order harmonic generation at high photon energies,” New J. Phys. 10, 025021(9) (2008).
    [Crossref]
  22. E. Priori, G. Cerullo, M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, P. Villoresi, L. Poletto, P. Ceccherini, C. Altucci, R. Bruzzese, and C. de Lisio, “Nonadiabatic three-dimensional model of high-order harmonic generation in the few-optical-cycle regime,” Phys. Rev. A 61, 063801(8) (2000).
    [Crossref]
  23. G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, J. -P. Caumes, S. Stagira, C. Vozzi, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, “Control of long electron quantum paths in high-order harmonic generation by phase-stabilized light pulses,” Phys, Rev. A 73, 053408(7) (2006).
    [Crossref]
  24. E. Benedetti, J.-P. Caumes, G. Sansone, S. Stagira, C. Vozzi, and M. Nisoli, “Frequency chirp of long electron quantum paths in high-order harmonic generation,” Opt. Express 14, 2242–2249 (2006).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]

2009 (1)

K. L. Ishikawa, K. Schiessl, E. Persson, and J. Burgdörfer, “Fine-scale oscillations in the wavelength and intensity dependence of high-order harmonic generation: Connection with channel closings,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 033411(10) (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (4)

D. B. Milošević, E. Hasović, S. Odžak, and W. Becker, “Wavelength dependence of channel-closing enhancements in high-order above-threshold ionization and harmonic generation,” J. Mod. Opt. 55, 2653–2663 (2008).
[Crossref]

M. V. Frolov, N. L. Manakov, and A. F. Starace, “Wavelength Scaling of High-Harmonic Yield: Threshold Phenomena and Bound State Symmetry Dependence,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 173001(4) (2008).
[Crossref]

A. Zaïr, M. Holler, A. Guandalini, F. Schapper, J. Biegert, L. Gallmann, U. Keller, A. S. Wyatt, A. Monmayrant, I. A. Walmsley, E. Cormier, T. Auguste, J. P. Caumes, and P. Salières, “Quantum Path Interferences in High-Order Harmonic Generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 143902(4) (2008).
[Crossref]

X. Zhang, A. L. Lytle, O. Cohen, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Quantum-path control in high-order harmonic generation at high photon energies,” New J. Phys. 10, 025021(9) (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (4)

K. Schiessl, K. L. Ishikawa, E. Persson, and J. Burgdörfer, “Quantum Path Interference in the Wavelength Dependence of High-Harmonic Generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 253903(4) (2007).
[Crossref]

J. J. Carrera and S. -I. Chu, “Extension of high-order harmonic generation cutoff via coherent control of intense few-cycle chirped laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 75, 033807(5) (2007).
[Crossref]

J. Tate, T. Auguste, H. G. Muller, P. Salières, P. Agostini, and L. F. DiMauro, “Scaling of Wave-Packet Dynamics in an Intense Midinfrared Field,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 013901(4) (2007).
[Crossref]

Vladislav S. Yakovlev, M. Ivanov, and F. Krausz, “Enhanced phase-matching for generation of soft X-ray harmonics and attosecond pulses in atomic gases,” Opt. Express 15, 15351–15364 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2006 (3)

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, J. -P. Caumes, S. Stagira, C. Vozzi, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, “Control of long electron quantum paths in high-order harmonic generation by phase-stabilized light pulses,” Phys, Rev. A 73, 053408(7) (2006).
[Crossref]

E. Benedetti, J.-P. Caumes, G. Sansone, S. Stagira, C. Vozzi, and M. Nisoli, “Frequency chirp of long electron quantum paths in high-order harmonic generation,” Opt. Express 14, 2242–2249 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Agostini and L. F. DiMauro, “The physics of attosecond light pulses,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 67, 813–855 (2006).
[Crossref]

2005 (1)

V. Tosa, H. T. Kim, I. J. Kim, and C. H. Nam, “High-order harmonic generation by chirped and self-guided femtosecond laser pulses. I. Spatial and spectral analysis,” Phys. Rev. A 71, 063807(7) (2005).

2001 (2)

J. -H. Kim, D. G. Lee, H. J. Shin, and C. H. Nam, “Wigner time-frequency distribution of high-order harmonics,” Phys. Rev. A 63, 063403(5) (2001).
[Crossref]

P. Salières, B. Carré, L. Le Déroff, F. Grasbon, G. G. Paulus, H. Walther, R. Kopold, W. Becker, D. B. Milošević, A. Sanpera, and M. Lewenstein, “Feynman’s Path-Integral Approach for Intense-Laser-Atom Interactions,” Science 292, 902–905 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2000 (2)

R. Kopold, W. Becker, and M. Kleber, “Quantum path analysis of high-order above-threshold ionization,” Opt. Commun. 179, 39–50 (2000).
[Crossref]

E. Priori, G. Cerullo, M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, P. Villoresi, L. Poletto, P. Ceccherini, C. Altucci, R. Bruzzese, and C. de Lisio, “Nonadiabatic three-dimensional model of high-order harmonic generation in the few-optical-cycle regime,” Phys. Rev. A 61, 063801(8) (2000).
[Crossref]

1996 (2)

J. Zhou, J. Peatross, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, and I. P. Christov, “Enhanced High-Harmonic Generation Using 25 fs Laser Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 752–755 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Yu. Ivanov, T. Brabec, and N. Burnett, “Coulomb corrections and polarization effects in high-intensity high-harmonic emission,” Phys. Rev. A 54, 742–745 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1995 (1)

M. Lewenstein, P. Salières, and A. L’Huillier, “Phase of the atomic polarization in high-order harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. A 52, 4747–4754 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1994 (1)

M. Lewenstein, Ph. Balcou, M. Yu, Ivanov, A. L’Huillier, and P. B. Corkum, “Theory of high-harmonic generation by low-frequency laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 49, 2117–2132 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1993 (2)

P. B. Corkum, “Plasma Perspective on Strong-Field Multiphoton Ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 1994–1997 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. J. Schafer, B. Yang, L. F. DiMauro, and K. C. Kulander, “Above threshold ionization beyond the high harmonic cutoff,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 1599–1602 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1986 (1)

M. V. Ammosov, N. B. Delone, and V. P. Kraĭ nov, and Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz., “Tunnel ionization of complex atoms and of atomic ions in alternating electromagnetic field,” Sov. Phys. JETP 64, 1191–1194 (1986).

Agostini, P.

J. Tate, T. Auguste, H. G. Muller, P. Salières, P. Agostini, and L. F. DiMauro, “Scaling of Wave-Packet Dynamics in an Intense Midinfrared Field,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 013901(4) (2007).
[Crossref]

P. Agostini and L. F. DiMauro, “The physics of attosecond light pulses,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 67, 813–855 (2006).
[Crossref]

Altucci, C.

E. Priori, G. Cerullo, M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, P. Villoresi, L. Poletto, P. Ceccherini, C. Altucci, R. Bruzzese, and C. de Lisio, “Nonadiabatic three-dimensional model of high-order harmonic generation in the few-optical-cycle regime,” Phys. Rev. A 61, 063801(8) (2000).
[Crossref]

Ammosov, M. V.

M. V. Ammosov, N. B. Delone, and V. P. Kraĭ nov, and Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz., “Tunnel ionization of complex atoms and of atomic ions in alternating electromagnetic field,” Sov. Phys. JETP 64, 1191–1194 (1986).

Auguste, T.

A. Zaïr, M. Holler, A. Guandalini, F. Schapper, J. Biegert, L. Gallmann, U. Keller, A. S. Wyatt, A. Monmayrant, I. A. Walmsley, E. Cormier, T. Auguste, J. P. Caumes, and P. Salières, “Quantum Path Interferences in High-Order Harmonic Generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 143902(4) (2008).
[Crossref]

J. Tate, T. Auguste, H. G. Muller, P. Salières, P. Agostini, and L. F. DiMauro, “Scaling of Wave-Packet Dynamics in an Intense Midinfrared Field,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 013901(4) (2007).
[Crossref]

Balcou, Ph.

M. Lewenstein, Ph. Balcou, M. Yu, Ivanov, A. L’Huillier, and P. B. Corkum, “Theory of high-harmonic generation by low-frequency laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 49, 2117–2132 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Becker, W.

D. B. Milošević, E. Hasović, S. Odžak, and W. Becker, “Wavelength dependence of channel-closing enhancements in high-order above-threshold ionization and harmonic generation,” J. Mod. Opt. 55, 2653–2663 (2008).
[Crossref]

P. Salières, B. Carré, L. Le Déroff, F. Grasbon, G. G. Paulus, H. Walther, R. Kopold, W. Becker, D. B. Milošević, A. Sanpera, and M. Lewenstein, “Feynman’s Path-Integral Approach for Intense-Laser-Atom Interactions,” Science 292, 902–905 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Kopold, W. Becker, and M. Kleber, “Quantum path analysis of high-order above-threshold ionization,” Opt. Commun. 179, 39–50 (2000).
[Crossref]

Benedetti, E.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, J. -P. Caumes, S. Stagira, C. Vozzi, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, “Control of long electron quantum paths in high-order harmonic generation by phase-stabilized light pulses,” Phys, Rev. A 73, 053408(7) (2006).
[Crossref]

E. Benedetti, J.-P. Caumes, G. Sansone, S. Stagira, C. Vozzi, and M. Nisoli, “Frequency chirp of long electron quantum paths in high-order harmonic generation,” Opt. Express 14, 2242–2249 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Biegert, J.

A. Zaïr, M. Holler, A. Guandalini, F. Schapper, J. Biegert, L. Gallmann, U. Keller, A. S. Wyatt, A. Monmayrant, I. A. Walmsley, E. Cormier, T. Auguste, J. P. Caumes, and P. Salières, “Quantum Path Interferences in High-Order Harmonic Generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 143902(4) (2008).
[Crossref]

Brabec, T.

M. Yu. Ivanov, T. Brabec, and N. Burnett, “Coulomb corrections and polarization effects in high-intensity high-harmonic emission,” Phys. Rev. A 54, 742–745 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bruzzese, R.

E. Priori, G. Cerullo, M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, P. Villoresi, L. Poletto, P. Ceccherini, C. Altucci, R. Bruzzese, and C. de Lisio, “Nonadiabatic three-dimensional model of high-order harmonic generation in the few-optical-cycle regime,” Phys. Rev. A 61, 063801(8) (2000).
[Crossref]

Burgdörfer, J.

K. L. Ishikawa, K. Schiessl, E. Persson, and J. Burgdörfer, “Fine-scale oscillations in the wavelength and intensity dependence of high-order harmonic generation: Connection with channel closings,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 033411(10) (2009).
[Crossref]

K. Schiessl, K. L. Ishikawa, E. Persson, and J. Burgdörfer, “Quantum Path Interference in the Wavelength Dependence of High-Harmonic Generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 253903(4) (2007).
[Crossref]

Burnett, N.

M. Yu. Ivanov, T. Brabec, and N. Burnett, “Coulomb corrections and polarization effects in high-intensity high-harmonic emission,” Phys. Rev. A 54, 742–745 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Carré, B.

P. Salières, B. Carré, L. Le Déroff, F. Grasbon, G. G. Paulus, H. Walther, R. Kopold, W. Becker, D. B. Milošević, A. Sanpera, and M. Lewenstein, “Feynman’s Path-Integral Approach for Intense-Laser-Atom Interactions,” Science 292, 902–905 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Carrera, J. J.

J. J. Carrera and S. -I. Chu, “Extension of high-order harmonic generation cutoff via coherent control of intense few-cycle chirped laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 75, 033807(5) (2007).
[Crossref]

Caumes, J. P.

A. Zaïr, M. Holler, A. Guandalini, F. Schapper, J. Biegert, L. Gallmann, U. Keller, A. S. Wyatt, A. Monmayrant, I. A. Walmsley, E. Cormier, T. Auguste, J. P. Caumes, and P. Salières, “Quantum Path Interferences in High-Order Harmonic Generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 143902(4) (2008).
[Crossref]

Caumes, J. -P.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, J. -P. Caumes, S. Stagira, C. Vozzi, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, “Control of long electron quantum paths in high-order harmonic generation by phase-stabilized light pulses,” Phys, Rev. A 73, 053408(7) (2006).
[Crossref]

Caumes, J.-P.

Ceccherini, P.

E. Priori, G. Cerullo, M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, P. Villoresi, L. Poletto, P. Ceccherini, C. Altucci, R. Bruzzese, and C. de Lisio, “Nonadiabatic three-dimensional model of high-order harmonic generation in the few-optical-cycle regime,” Phys. Rev. A 61, 063801(8) (2000).
[Crossref]

Cerullo, G.

E. Priori, G. Cerullo, M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, P. Villoresi, L. Poletto, P. Ceccherini, C. Altucci, R. Bruzzese, and C. de Lisio, “Nonadiabatic three-dimensional model of high-order harmonic generation in the few-optical-cycle regime,” Phys. Rev. A 61, 063801(8) (2000).
[Crossref]

Christov, I. P.

J. Zhou, J. Peatross, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, and I. P. Christov, “Enhanced High-Harmonic Generation Using 25 fs Laser Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 752–755 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chu, S. -I.

J. J. Carrera and S. -I. Chu, “Extension of high-order harmonic generation cutoff via coherent control of intense few-cycle chirped laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 75, 033807(5) (2007).
[Crossref]

Cohen, O.

X. Zhang, A. L. Lytle, O. Cohen, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Quantum-path control in high-order harmonic generation at high photon energies,” New J. Phys. 10, 025021(9) (2008).
[Crossref]

Corkum, P. B.

M. Lewenstein, Ph. Balcou, M. Yu, Ivanov, A. L’Huillier, and P. B. Corkum, “Theory of high-harmonic generation by low-frequency laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 49, 2117–2132 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. B. Corkum, “Plasma Perspective on Strong-Field Multiphoton Ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 1994–1997 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cormier, E.

A. Zaïr, M. Holler, A. Guandalini, F. Schapper, J. Biegert, L. Gallmann, U. Keller, A. S. Wyatt, A. Monmayrant, I. A. Walmsley, E. Cormier, T. Auguste, J. P. Caumes, and P. Salières, “Quantum Path Interferences in High-Order Harmonic Generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 143902(4) (2008).
[Crossref]

de Lisio, C.

E. Priori, G. Cerullo, M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, P. Villoresi, L. Poletto, P. Ceccherini, C. Altucci, R. Bruzzese, and C. de Lisio, “Nonadiabatic three-dimensional model of high-order harmonic generation in the few-optical-cycle regime,” Phys. Rev. A 61, 063801(8) (2000).
[Crossref]

De Silvestri, S.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, J. -P. Caumes, S. Stagira, C. Vozzi, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, “Control of long electron quantum paths in high-order harmonic generation by phase-stabilized light pulses,” Phys, Rev. A 73, 053408(7) (2006).
[Crossref]

E. Priori, G. Cerullo, M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, P. Villoresi, L. Poletto, P. Ceccherini, C. Altucci, R. Bruzzese, and C. de Lisio, “Nonadiabatic three-dimensional model of high-order harmonic generation in the few-optical-cycle regime,” Phys. Rev. A 61, 063801(8) (2000).
[Crossref]

Delone, N. B.

M. V. Ammosov, N. B. Delone, and V. P. Kraĭ nov, and Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz., “Tunnel ionization of complex atoms and of atomic ions in alternating electromagnetic field,” Sov. Phys. JETP 64, 1191–1194 (1986).

DiMauro, L. F.

J. Tate, T. Auguste, H. G. Muller, P. Salières, P. Agostini, and L. F. DiMauro, “Scaling of Wave-Packet Dynamics in an Intense Midinfrared Field,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 013901(4) (2007).
[Crossref]

P. Agostini and L. F. DiMauro, “The physics of attosecond light pulses,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 67, 813–855 (2006).
[Crossref]

K. J. Schafer, B. Yang, L. F. DiMauro, and K. C. Kulander, “Above threshold ionization beyond the high harmonic cutoff,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 1599–1602 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Frolov, M. V.

M. V. Frolov, N. L. Manakov, and A. F. Starace, “Wavelength Scaling of High-Harmonic Yield: Threshold Phenomena and Bound State Symmetry Dependence,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 173001(4) (2008).
[Crossref]

Gallmann, L.

A. Zaïr, M. Holler, A. Guandalini, F. Schapper, J. Biegert, L. Gallmann, U. Keller, A. S. Wyatt, A. Monmayrant, I. A. Walmsley, E. Cormier, T. Auguste, J. P. Caumes, and P. Salières, “Quantum Path Interferences in High-Order Harmonic Generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 143902(4) (2008).
[Crossref]

Grasbon, F.

P. Salières, B. Carré, L. Le Déroff, F. Grasbon, G. G. Paulus, H. Walther, R. Kopold, W. Becker, D. B. Milošević, A. Sanpera, and M. Lewenstein, “Feynman’s Path-Integral Approach for Intense-Laser-Atom Interactions,” Science 292, 902–905 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Guandalini, A.

A. Zaïr, M. Holler, A. Guandalini, F. Schapper, J. Biegert, L. Gallmann, U. Keller, A. S. Wyatt, A. Monmayrant, I. A. Walmsley, E. Cormier, T. Auguste, J. P. Caumes, and P. Salières, “Quantum Path Interferences in High-Order Harmonic Generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 143902(4) (2008).
[Crossref]

Hasovic, E.

D. B. Milošević, E. Hasović, S. Odžak, and W. Becker, “Wavelength dependence of channel-closing enhancements in high-order above-threshold ionization and harmonic generation,” J. Mod. Opt. 55, 2653–2663 (2008).
[Crossref]

Holler, M.

A. Zaïr, M. Holler, A. Guandalini, F. Schapper, J. Biegert, L. Gallmann, U. Keller, A. S. Wyatt, A. Monmayrant, I. A. Walmsley, E. Cormier, T. Auguste, J. P. Caumes, and P. Salières, “Quantum Path Interferences in High-Order Harmonic Generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 143902(4) (2008).
[Crossref]

Ishikawa, K. L.

K. L. Ishikawa, K. Schiessl, E. Persson, and J. Burgdörfer, “Fine-scale oscillations in the wavelength and intensity dependence of high-order harmonic generation: Connection with channel closings,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 033411(10) (2009).
[Crossref]

K. Schiessl, K. L. Ishikawa, E. Persson, and J. Burgdörfer, “Quantum Path Interference in the Wavelength Dependence of High-Harmonic Generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 253903(4) (2007).
[Crossref]

Ivanov,

M. Lewenstein, Ph. Balcou, M. Yu, Ivanov, A. L’Huillier, and P. B. Corkum, “Theory of high-harmonic generation by low-frequency laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 49, 2117–2132 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ivanov, M.

Ivanov, M. Yu.

M. Yu. Ivanov, T. Brabec, and N. Burnett, “Coulomb corrections and polarization effects in high-intensity high-harmonic emission,” Phys. Rev. A 54, 742–745 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kapteyn, H. C.

X. Zhang, A. L. Lytle, O. Cohen, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Quantum-path control in high-order harmonic generation at high photon energies,” New J. Phys. 10, 025021(9) (2008).
[Crossref]

J. Zhou, J. Peatross, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, and I. P. Christov, “Enhanced High-Harmonic Generation Using 25 fs Laser Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 752–755 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Keller, U.

A. Zaïr, M. Holler, A. Guandalini, F. Schapper, J. Biegert, L. Gallmann, U. Keller, A. S. Wyatt, A. Monmayrant, I. A. Walmsley, E. Cormier, T. Auguste, J. P. Caumes, and P. Salières, “Quantum Path Interferences in High-Order Harmonic Generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 143902(4) (2008).
[Crossref]

Kim, H. T.

V. Tosa, H. T. Kim, I. J. Kim, and C. H. Nam, “High-order harmonic generation by chirped and self-guided femtosecond laser pulses. I. Spatial and spectral analysis,” Phys. Rev. A 71, 063807(7) (2005).

Kim, I. J.

V. Tosa, H. T. Kim, I. J. Kim, and C. H. Nam, “High-order harmonic generation by chirped and self-guided femtosecond laser pulses. I. Spatial and spectral analysis,” Phys. Rev. A 71, 063807(7) (2005).

Kim, J. -H.

J. -H. Kim, D. G. Lee, H. J. Shin, and C. H. Nam, “Wigner time-frequency distribution of high-order harmonics,” Phys. Rev. A 63, 063403(5) (2001).
[Crossref]

Kleber, M.

R. Kopold, W. Becker, and M. Kleber, “Quantum path analysis of high-order above-threshold ionization,” Opt. Commun. 179, 39–50 (2000).
[Crossref]

Kopold, R.

P. Salières, B. Carré, L. Le Déroff, F. Grasbon, G. G. Paulus, H. Walther, R. Kopold, W. Becker, D. B. Milošević, A. Sanpera, and M. Lewenstein, “Feynman’s Path-Integral Approach for Intense-Laser-Atom Interactions,” Science 292, 902–905 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Kopold, W. Becker, and M. Kleber, “Quantum path analysis of high-order above-threshold ionization,” Opt. Commun. 179, 39–50 (2000).
[Crossref]

Krai nov, V. P.

M. V. Ammosov, N. B. Delone, and V. P. Kraĭ nov, and Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz., “Tunnel ionization of complex atoms and of atomic ions in alternating electromagnetic field,” Sov. Phys. JETP 64, 1191–1194 (1986).

Krausz, F.

Kulander, K. C.

K. J. Schafer, B. Yang, L. F. DiMauro, and K. C. Kulander, “Above threshold ionization beyond the high harmonic cutoff,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 1599–1602 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L’Huillier, A.

M. Lewenstein, P. Salières, and A. L’Huillier, “Phase of the atomic polarization in high-order harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. A 52, 4747–4754 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Lewenstein, Ph. Balcou, M. Yu, Ivanov, A. L’Huillier, and P. B. Corkum, “Theory of high-harmonic generation by low-frequency laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 49, 2117–2132 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Le Déroff, L.

P. Salières, B. Carré, L. Le Déroff, F. Grasbon, G. G. Paulus, H. Walther, R. Kopold, W. Becker, D. B. Milošević, A. Sanpera, and M. Lewenstein, “Feynman’s Path-Integral Approach for Intense-Laser-Atom Interactions,” Science 292, 902–905 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lee, D. G.

J. -H. Kim, D. G. Lee, H. J. Shin, and C. H. Nam, “Wigner time-frequency distribution of high-order harmonics,” Phys. Rev. A 63, 063403(5) (2001).
[Crossref]

Lewenstein, M.

P. Salières, B. Carré, L. Le Déroff, F. Grasbon, G. G. Paulus, H. Walther, R. Kopold, W. Becker, D. B. Milošević, A. Sanpera, and M. Lewenstein, “Feynman’s Path-Integral Approach for Intense-Laser-Atom Interactions,” Science 292, 902–905 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Lewenstein, P. Salières, and A. L’Huillier, “Phase of the atomic polarization in high-order harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. A 52, 4747–4754 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Lewenstein, Ph. Balcou, M. Yu, Ivanov, A. L’Huillier, and P. B. Corkum, “Theory of high-harmonic generation by low-frequency laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 49, 2117–2132 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lytle, A. L.

X. Zhang, A. L. Lytle, O. Cohen, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Quantum-path control in high-order harmonic generation at high photon energies,” New J. Phys. 10, 025021(9) (2008).
[Crossref]

Manakov, N. L.

M. V. Frolov, N. L. Manakov, and A. F. Starace, “Wavelength Scaling of High-Harmonic Yield: Threshold Phenomena and Bound State Symmetry Dependence,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 173001(4) (2008).
[Crossref]

Miloševic, D. B.

D. B. Milošević, E. Hasović, S. Odžak, and W. Becker, “Wavelength dependence of channel-closing enhancements in high-order above-threshold ionization and harmonic generation,” J. Mod. Opt. 55, 2653–2663 (2008).
[Crossref]

P. Salières, B. Carré, L. Le Déroff, F. Grasbon, G. G. Paulus, H. Walther, R. Kopold, W. Becker, D. B. Milošević, A. Sanpera, and M. Lewenstein, “Feynman’s Path-Integral Approach for Intense-Laser-Atom Interactions,” Science 292, 902–905 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Monmayrant, A.

A. Zaïr, M. Holler, A. Guandalini, F. Schapper, J. Biegert, L. Gallmann, U. Keller, A. S. Wyatt, A. Monmayrant, I. A. Walmsley, E. Cormier, T. Auguste, J. P. Caumes, and P. Salières, “Quantum Path Interferences in High-Order Harmonic Generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 143902(4) (2008).
[Crossref]

Muller, H. G.

J. Tate, T. Auguste, H. G. Muller, P. Salières, P. Agostini, and L. F. DiMauro, “Scaling of Wave-Packet Dynamics in an Intense Midinfrared Field,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 013901(4) (2007).
[Crossref]

Murnane, M. M.

X. Zhang, A. L. Lytle, O. Cohen, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Quantum-path control in high-order harmonic generation at high photon energies,” New J. Phys. 10, 025021(9) (2008).
[Crossref]

J. Zhou, J. Peatross, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, and I. P. Christov, “Enhanced High-Harmonic Generation Using 25 fs Laser Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 752–755 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nam, C. H.

V. Tosa, H. T. Kim, I. J. Kim, and C. H. Nam, “High-order harmonic generation by chirped and self-guided femtosecond laser pulses. I. Spatial and spectral analysis,” Phys. Rev. A 71, 063807(7) (2005).

J. -H. Kim, D. G. Lee, H. J. Shin, and C. H. Nam, “Wigner time-frequency distribution of high-order harmonics,” Phys. Rev. A 63, 063403(5) (2001).
[Crossref]

Nisoli, M.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, J. -P. Caumes, S. Stagira, C. Vozzi, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, “Control of long electron quantum paths in high-order harmonic generation by phase-stabilized light pulses,” Phys, Rev. A 73, 053408(7) (2006).
[Crossref]

E. Benedetti, J.-P. Caumes, G. Sansone, S. Stagira, C. Vozzi, and M. Nisoli, “Frequency chirp of long electron quantum paths in high-order harmonic generation,” Opt. Express 14, 2242–2249 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Priori, G. Cerullo, M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, P. Villoresi, L. Poletto, P. Ceccherini, C. Altucci, R. Bruzzese, and C. de Lisio, “Nonadiabatic three-dimensional model of high-order harmonic generation in the few-optical-cycle regime,” Phys. Rev. A 61, 063801(8) (2000).
[Crossref]

Odžak, S.

D. B. Milošević, E. Hasović, S. Odžak, and W. Becker, “Wavelength dependence of channel-closing enhancements in high-order above-threshold ionization and harmonic generation,” J. Mod. Opt. 55, 2653–2663 (2008).
[Crossref]

Paulus, G. G.

P. Salières, B. Carré, L. Le Déroff, F. Grasbon, G. G. Paulus, H. Walther, R. Kopold, W. Becker, D. B. Milošević, A. Sanpera, and M. Lewenstein, “Feynman’s Path-Integral Approach for Intense-Laser-Atom Interactions,” Science 292, 902–905 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Peatross, J.

J. Zhou, J. Peatross, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, and I. P. Christov, “Enhanced High-Harmonic Generation Using 25 fs Laser Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 752–755 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Persson, E.

K. L. Ishikawa, K. Schiessl, E. Persson, and J. Burgdörfer, “Fine-scale oscillations in the wavelength and intensity dependence of high-order harmonic generation: Connection with channel closings,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 033411(10) (2009).
[Crossref]

K. Schiessl, K. L. Ishikawa, E. Persson, and J. Burgdörfer, “Quantum Path Interference in the Wavelength Dependence of High-Harmonic Generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 253903(4) (2007).
[Crossref]

Poletto, L.

E. Priori, G. Cerullo, M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, P. Villoresi, L. Poletto, P. Ceccherini, C. Altucci, R. Bruzzese, and C. de Lisio, “Nonadiabatic three-dimensional model of high-order harmonic generation in the few-optical-cycle regime,” Phys. Rev. A 61, 063801(8) (2000).
[Crossref]

Priori, E.

E. Priori, G. Cerullo, M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, P. Villoresi, L. Poletto, P. Ceccherini, C. Altucci, R. Bruzzese, and C. de Lisio, “Nonadiabatic three-dimensional model of high-order harmonic generation in the few-optical-cycle regime,” Phys. Rev. A 61, 063801(8) (2000).
[Crossref]

Salières, P.

A. Zaïr, M. Holler, A. Guandalini, F. Schapper, J. Biegert, L. Gallmann, U. Keller, A. S. Wyatt, A. Monmayrant, I. A. Walmsley, E. Cormier, T. Auguste, J. P. Caumes, and P. Salières, “Quantum Path Interferences in High-Order Harmonic Generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 143902(4) (2008).
[Crossref]

J. Tate, T. Auguste, H. G. Muller, P. Salières, P. Agostini, and L. F. DiMauro, “Scaling of Wave-Packet Dynamics in an Intense Midinfrared Field,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 013901(4) (2007).
[Crossref]

P. Salières, B. Carré, L. Le Déroff, F. Grasbon, G. G. Paulus, H. Walther, R. Kopold, W. Becker, D. B. Milošević, A. Sanpera, and M. Lewenstein, “Feynman’s Path-Integral Approach for Intense-Laser-Atom Interactions,” Science 292, 902–905 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Lewenstein, P. Salières, and A. L’Huillier, “Phase of the atomic polarization in high-order harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. A 52, 4747–4754 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sanpera, A.

P. Salières, B. Carré, L. Le Déroff, F. Grasbon, G. G. Paulus, H. Walther, R. Kopold, W. Becker, D. B. Milošević, A. Sanpera, and M. Lewenstein, “Feynman’s Path-Integral Approach for Intense-Laser-Atom Interactions,” Science 292, 902–905 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sansone, G.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, J. -P. Caumes, S. Stagira, C. Vozzi, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, “Control of long electron quantum paths in high-order harmonic generation by phase-stabilized light pulses,” Phys, Rev. A 73, 053408(7) (2006).
[Crossref]

E. Benedetti, J.-P. Caumes, G. Sansone, S. Stagira, C. Vozzi, and M. Nisoli, “Frequency chirp of long electron quantum paths in high-order harmonic generation,” Opt. Express 14, 2242–2249 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schafer, K. J.

K. J. Schafer, B. Yang, L. F. DiMauro, and K. C. Kulander, “Above threshold ionization beyond the high harmonic cutoff,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 1599–1602 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schapper, F.

A. Zaïr, M. Holler, A. Guandalini, F. Schapper, J. Biegert, L. Gallmann, U. Keller, A. S. Wyatt, A. Monmayrant, I. A. Walmsley, E. Cormier, T. Auguste, J. P. Caumes, and P. Salières, “Quantum Path Interferences in High-Order Harmonic Generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 143902(4) (2008).
[Crossref]

Schiessl, K.

K. L. Ishikawa, K. Schiessl, E. Persson, and J. Burgdörfer, “Fine-scale oscillations in the wavelength and intensity dependence of high-order harmonic generation: Connection with channel closings,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 033411(10) (2009).
[Crossref]

K. Schiessl, K. L. Ishikawa, E. Persson, and J. Burgdörfer, “Quantum Path Interference in the Wavelength Dependence of High-Harmonic Generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 253903(4) (2007).
[Crossref]

Shin, H. J.

J. -H. Kim, D. G. Lee, H. J. Shin, and C. H. Nam, “Wigner time-frequency distribution of high-order harmonics,” Phys. Rev. A 63, 063403(5) (2001).
[Crossref]

Stagira, S.

E. Benedetti, J.-P. Caumes, G. Sansone, S. Stagira, C. Vozzi, and M. Nisoli, “Frequency chirp of long electron quantum paths in high-order harmonic generation,” Opt. Express 14, 2242–2249 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, J. -P. Caumes, S. Stagira, C. Vozzi, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, “Control of long electron quantum paths in high-order harmonic generation by phase-stabilized light pulses,” Phys, Rev. A 73, 053408(7) (2006).
[Crossref]

E. Priori, G. Cerullo, M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, P. Villoresi, L. Poletto, P. Ceccherini, C. Altucci, R. Bruzzese, and C. de Lisio, “Nonadiabatic three-dimensional model of high-order harmonic generation in the few-optical-cycle regime,” Phys. Rev. A 61, 063801(8) (2000).
[Crossref]

Starace, A. F.

M. V. Frolov, N. L. Manakov, and A. F. Starace, “Wavelength Scaling of High-Harmonic Yield: Threshold Phenomena and Bound State Symmetry Dependence,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 173001(4) (2008).
[Crossref]

Tate, J.

J. Tate, T. Auguste, H. G. Muller, P. Salières, P. Agostini, and L. F. DiMauro, “Scaling of Wave-Packet Dynamics in an Intense Midinfrared Field,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 013901(4) (2007).
[Crossref]

Tosa, V.

V. Tosa, H. T. Kim, I. J. Kim, and C. H. Nam, “High-order harmonic generation by chirped and self-guided femtosecond laser pulses. I. Spatial and spectral analysis,” Phys. Rev. A 71, 063807(7) (2005).

Villoresi, P.

E. Priori, G. Cerullo, M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, P. Villoresi, L. Poletto, P. Ceccherini, C. Altucci, R. Bruzzese, and C. de Lisio, “Nonadiabatic three-dimensional model of high-order harmonic generation in the few-optical-cycle regime,” Phys. Rev. A 61, 063801(8) (2000).
[Crossref]

Vozzi, C.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, J. -P. Caumes, S. Stagira, C. Vozzi, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, “Control of long electron quantum paths in high-order harmonic generation by phase-stabilized light pulses,” Phys, Rev. A 73, 053408(7) (2006).
[Crossref]

E. Benedetti, J.-P. Caumes, G. Sansone, S. Stagira, C. Vozzi, and M. Nisoli, “Frequency chirp of long electron quantum paths in high-order harmonic generation,” Opt. Express 14, 2242–2249 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Walmsley, I. A.

A. Zaïr, M. Holler, A. Guandalini, F. Schapper, J. Biegert, L. Gallmann, U. Keller, A. S. Wyatt, A. Monmayrant, I. A. Walmsley, E. Cormier, T. Auguste, J. P. Caumes, and P. Salières, “Quantum Path Interferences in High-Order Harmonic Generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 143902(4) (2008).
[Crossref]

Walther, H.

P. Salières, B. Carré, L. Le Déroff, F. Grasbon, G. G. Paulus, H. Walther, R. Kopold, W. Becker, D. B. Milošević, A. Sanpera, and M. Lewenstein, “Feynman’s Path-Integral Approach for Intense-Laser-Atom Interactions,” Science 292, 902–905 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wyatt, A. S.

A. Zaïr, M. Holler, A. Guandalini, F. Schapper, J. Biegert, L. Gallmann, U. Keller, A. S. Wyatt, A. Monmayrant, I. A. Walmsley, E. Cormier, T. Auguste, J. P. Caumes, and P. Salières, “Quantum Path Interferences in High-Order Harmonic Generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 143902(4) (2008).
[Crossref]

Yakovlev, Vladislav S.

Yang, B.

K. J. Schafer, B. Yang, L. F. DiMauro, and K. C. Kulander, “Above threshold ionization beyond the high harmonic cutoff,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 1599–1602 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yu, M.

M. Lewenstein, Ph. Balcou, M. Yu, Ivanov, A. L’Huillier, and P. B. Corkum, “Theory of high-harmonic generation by low-frequency laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 49, 2117–2132 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zaïr, A.

A. Zaïr, M. Holler, A. Guandalini, F. Schapper, J. Biegert, L. Gallmann, U. Keller, A. S. Wyatt, A. Monmayrant, I. A. Walmsley, E. Cormier, T. Auguste, J. P. Caumes, and P. Salières, “Quantum Path Interferences in High-Order Harmonic Generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 143902(4) (2008).
[Crossref]

Zhang, X.

X. Zhang, A. L. Lytle, O. Cohen, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Quantum-path control in high-order harmonic generation at high photon energies,” New J. Phys. 10, 025021(9) (2008).
[Crossref]

Zhou, J.

J. Zhou, J. Peatross, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, and I. P. Christov, “Enhanced High-Harmonic Generation Using 25 fs Laser Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 752–755 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Mod. Opt. (1)

D. B. Milošević, E. Hasović, S. Odžak, and W. Becker, “Wavelength dependence of channel-closing enhancements in high-order above-threshold ionization and harmonic generation,” J. Mod. Opt. 55, 2653–2663 (2008).
[Crossref]

New J. Phys. (1)

X. Zhang, A. L. Lytle, O. Cohen, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Quantum-path control in high-order harmonic generation at high photon energies,” New J. Phys. 10, 025021(9) (2008).
[Crossref]

Opt. Commun. (1)

R. Kopold, W. Becker, and M. Kleber, “Quantum path analysis of high-order above-threshold ionization,” Opt. Commun. 179, 39–50 (2000).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (2)

Phys, Rev. A (1)

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, J. -P. Caumes, S. Stagira, C. Vozzi, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, “Control of long electron quantum paths in high-order harmonic generation by phase-stabilized light pulses,” Phys, Rev. A 73, 053408(7) (2006).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. A (8)

V. Tosa, H. T. Kim, I. J. Kim, and C. H. Nam, “High-order harmonic generation by chirped and self-guided femtosecond laser pulses. I. Spatial and spectral analysis,” Phys. Rev. A 71, 063807(7) (2005).

E. Priori, G. Cerullo, M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, P. Villoresi, L. Poletto, P. Ceccherini, C. Altucci, R. Bruzzese, and C. de Lisio, “Nonadiabatic three-dimensional model of high-order harmonic generation in the few-optical-cycle regime,” Phys. Rev. A 61, 063801(8) (2000).
[Crossref]

M. Lewenstein, P. Salières, and A. L’Huillier, “Phase of the atomic polarization in high-order harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. A 52, 4747–4754 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Lewenstein, Ph. Balcou, M. Yu, Ivanov, A. L’Huillier, and P. B. Corkum, “Theory of high-harmonic generation by low-frequency laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 49, 2117–2132 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. L. Ishikawa, K. Schiessl, E. Persson, and J. Burgdörfer, “Fine-scale oscillations in the wavelength and intensity dependence of high-order harmonic generation: Connection with channel closings,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 033411(10) (2009).
[Crossref]

M. Yu. Ivanov, T. Brabec, and N. Burnett, “Coulomb corrections and polarization effects in high-intensity high-harmonic emission,” Phys. Rev. A 54, 742–745 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. J. Carrera and S. -I. Chu, “Extension of high-order harmonic generation cutoff via coherent control of intense few-cycle chirped laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 75, 033807(5) (2007).
[Crossref]

J. -H. Kim, D. G. Lee, H. J. Shin, and C. H. Nam, “Wigner time-frequency distribution of high-order harmonics,” Phys. Rev. A 63, 063403(5) (2001).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (7)

J. Zhou, J. Peatross, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, and I. P. Christov, “Enhanced High-Harmonic Generation Using 25 fs Laser Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 752–755 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. V. Frolov, N. L. Manakov, and A. F. Starace, “Wavelength Scaling of High-Harmonic Yield: Threshold Phenomena and Bound State Symmetry Dependence,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 173001(4) (2008).
[Crossref]

J. Tate, T. Auguste, H. G. Muller, P. Salières, P. Agostini, and L. F. DiMauro, “Scaling of Wave-Packet Dynamics in an Intense Midinfrared Field,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 013901(4) (2007).
[Crossref]

P. B. Corkum, “Plasma Perspective on Strong-Field Multiphoton Ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 1994–1997 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. J. Schafer, B. Yang, L. F. DiMauro, and K. C. Kulander, “Above threshold ionization beyond the high harmonic cutoff,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 1599–1602 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Zaïr, M. Holler, A. Guandalini, F. Schapper, J. Biegert, L. Gallmann, U. Keller, A. S. Wyatt, A. Monmayrant, I. A. Walmsley, E. Cormier, T. Auguste, J. P. Caumes, and P. Salières, “Quantum Path Interferences in High-Order Harmonic Generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 143902(4) (2008).
[Crossref]

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[Crossref]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. Single atom harmonic spectra at the focus as a function of chirp parameter β. Note that β<0 corresponds to positively chirped pulse and β>0 corresponds to negatively chirped pulse.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. Integrated harmonic yield (20~50 eV) of a single atom as a function of chirp parameter β by taking into account the contributions from all possible quantum paths (Royal-bold-solid curve), 4 shortest quantum paths (Olive-thin-solid curve), 3 shortest quantum paths (Red-bold-dashed curve), 2 shortest quantum paths (Violet-thin-dashed curve) and only 1 quantum path (Black-dotted curve), respectively.
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. Macroscopic harmonic spectra as a function of chirp parameter β. (a) near-field result without a spatial filtering. (b) far-field result with an off-axis spatial filtering from 3 to 6 mrad.
Fig. 4.
Fig. 4. Macroscopic integrated harmonic yield (20~50 eV) as a function of chirp parameter β. (a) near-field result without a spatial filtering. (b) far-field result with an off-axis spatial filtering from 3 to 6 mrad.

Equations (4)

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p(t)=eiπ4p(ti)Aion(ti)Apr(ti,t)Arec(ti,t)+c.c,
Aion=[1n(ti)]wt(ti)
Apr=(2πtti)32(2Ip)14Ef(ti) exp [itit{12[Af(τ)Af(ti)]2+Ip}dτ]
Arec=C Af(ti)Af(t){2Ip+[Af(ti)Af(t)]2}3 ,

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