Abstract

Spectral narrowing of nearly chirp-free 50-fs pulses delivered by a diode-pumped ytterbium solid-state laser (Yb DPSSL) is experimentally demonstrated using an anomalously dispersive, highly nonlinear photonic-crystal fiber (PCF). The ratio of spectral narrowing and the accompanying temporal pulse broadening are controlled by the peak power of Yb DPSSL pulses at the input of the fiber.

©2008 Optical Society of America

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References

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  2. R. H. Stolen and C. Lin, “Self-phase-modulation in silica optical fibers,” Phys. Rev. A 17, 1448–1453 (1978).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  4. S. A. Planas, N. L. Pires Mansur, C. H. Brito Cruz, and H. L. Fragnito, “Spectral narrowing in the propagation of chirped pulses in single-mode fibers,” Opt. Lett. 18, 699–701 (1993).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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2007 (1)

D. Pestov, R. K. Murawski, G. O. Ariunbold, X. Wang, M. Zhi, A. V. Sokolov, V. A. Sautenkov, Y. V. Rostovtsev, A. Dogariu, Y. Huang, and M. O. Scully, “Optimizing the Laser-Pulse Configuration for Coherent Raman Spectroscopy,” Science 316, 265–268 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2006 (1)

2005 (2)

2003 (2)

P.St.J. Russell, “Photonic crystal fibers,” Science 299, 358–362 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J.C. Knight, “Photonic crystal fibers,” Nature 424, 847–851 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2000 (1)

1999 (1)

1995 (1)

1993 (2)

M. Oberthaler and R. A. Hopfel, “Special narrowing of ultrashort laser pulses by self-phase modulation in optical fibers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 1017–1019 (1993).
[Crossref]

S. A. Planas, N. L. Pires Mansur, C. H. Brito Cruz, and H. L. Fragnito, “Spectral narrowing in the propagation of chirped pulses in single-mode fibers,” Opt. Lett. 18, 699–701 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1982 (1)

1978 (1)

R. H. Stolen and C. Lin, “Self-phase-modulation in silica optical fibers,” Phys. Rev. A 17, 1448–1453 (1978).
[Crossref]

Agrawal, G. P.

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic, San Diego, 2001).

Andresen, E. R.

Ariunbold, G. O.

D. Pestov, R. K. Murawski, G. O. Ariunbold, X. Wang, M. Zhi, A. V. Sokolov, V. A. Sautenkov, Y. V. Rostovtsev, A. Dogariu, Y. Huang, and M. O. Scully, “Optimizing the Laser-Pulse Configuration for Coherent Raman Spectroscopy,” Science 316, 265–268 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Baltuška, A.

C. Teisset, N. Ishii, T. Fuji, T. Metzger, S. Köhler, R. Holzwarth, A. Baltuška, A. Zheltikov, and F. Krausz, “Soliton-based pump-seed synchronization for few-cycle OPCPA,” Opt. Express 13, 6550–6557 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D.A. Sidorov-Biryukov, A. Fernandez, L. Zhu, A. Verhoef, P. Dombi, A. Pugzlys, A. Baltuška, E.E. Serebryannikov, A.M. Zheltikov, and J.C. Knight, “Hot Dispersion Characterization in PCF,” CLEO-Europe, Munich, June 2007.

Bergman, K.

Birkedal, V.

Boivin, L.

Buck, J. A.

Cheriaux, G.

Collings, B. C.

Cruz, C. H. Brito

Cundiff, S. T.

Dogariu, A.

D. Pestov, R. K. Murawski, G. O. Ariunbold, X. Wang, M. Zhi, A. V. Sokolov, V. A. Sautenkov, Y. V. Rostovtsev, A. Dogariu, Y. Huang, and M. O. Scully, “Optimizing the Laser-Pulse Configuration for Coherent Raman Spectroscopy,” Science 316, 265–268 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dombi, P.

D.A. Sidorov-Biryukov, A. Fernandez, L. Zhu, A. Verhoef, P. Dombi, A. Pugzlys, A. Baltuška, E.E. Serebryannikov, A.M. Zheltikov, and J.C. Knight, “Hot Dispersion Characterization in PCF,” CLEO-Europe, Munich, June 2007.

Evangelides, S. G.

Fernandez, A.

D.A. Sidorov-Biryukov, A. Fernandez, L. Zhu, A. Verhoef, P. Dombi, A. Pugzlys, A. Baltuška, E.E. Serebryannikov, A.M. Zheltikov, and J.C. Knight, “Hot Dispersion Characterization in PCF,” CLEO-Europe, Munich, June 2007.

Fragnito, H. L.

Fuji, T.

Gabler, T.

J. Limpert, T. Gabler, A. Liem, H. Zellmer, and A. Tünnermann, “SPM-induced spectral compression of picosecond pulses in a single-mode Yb-doped fiber amplifier,” Appl. Phys. B 74, 2, 191–196 (2002).
[Crossref]

Holzwarth, R.

Hopfel, R. A.

M. Oberthaler and R. A. Hopfel, “Special narrowing of ultrashort laser pulses by self-phase modulation in optical fibers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 1017–1019 (1993).
[Crossref]

Huang, Y.

D. Pestov, R. K. Murawski, G. O. Ariunbold, X. Wang, M. Zhi, A. V. Sokolov, V. A. Sautenkov, Y. V. Rostovtsev, A. Dogariu, Y. Huang, and M. O. Scully, “Optimizing the Laser-Pulse Configuration for Coherent Raman Spectroscopy,” Science 316, 265–268 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ina, H.

Ishii, N.

Joffre, M.

Keiding, S. R.

Knight, J.C.

J.C. Knight, “Photonic crystal fibers,” Nature 424, 847–851 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D.A. Sidorov-Biryukov, A. Fernandez, L. Zhu, A. Verhoef, P. Dombi, A. Pugzlys, A. Baltuška, E.E. Serebryannikov, A.M. Zheltikov, and J.C. Knight, “Hot Dispersion Characterization in PCF,” CLEO-Europe, Munich, June 2007.

Knox, W. H.

Kobayashi, S.

Köhler, S.

Krausz, F.

Lepetit, L.

Liem, A.

J. Limpert, T. Gabler, A. Liem, H. Zellmer, and A. Tünnermann, “SPM-induced spectral compression of picosecond pulses in a single-mode Yb-doped fiber amplifier,” Appl. Phys. B 74, 2, 191–196 (2002).
[Crossref]

Limpert, J.

J. Limpert, T. Gabler, A. Liem, H. Zellmer, and A. Tünnermann, “SPM-induced spectral compression of picosecond pulses in a single-mode Yb-doped fiber amplifier,” Appl. Phys. B 74, 2, 191–196 (2002).
[Crossref]

Lin, C.

R. H. Stolen and C. Lin, “Self-phase-modulation in silica optical fibers,” Phys. Rev. A 17, 1448–1453 (1978).
[Crossref]

Mansur, N. L. Pires

Metzger, T.

Murawski, R. K.

D. Pestov, R. K. Murawski, G. O. Ariunbold, X. Wang, M. Zhi, A. V. Sokolov, V. A. Sautenkov, Y. V. Rostovtsev, A. Dogariu, Y. Huang, and M. O. Scully, “Optimizing the Laser-Pulse Configuration for Coherent Raman Spectroscopy,” Science 316, 265–268 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nuss, M. C.

Oberthaler, M.

M. Oberthaler and R. A. Hopfel, “Special narrowing of ultrashort laser pulses by self-phase modulation in optical fibers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 1017–1019 (1993).
[Crossref]

Pestov, D.

D. Pestov, R. K. Murawski, G. O. Ariunbold, X. Wang, M. Zhi, A. V. Sokolov, V. A. Sautenkov, Y. V. Rostovtsev, A. Dogariu, Y. Huang, and M. O. Scully, “Optimizing the Laser-Pulse Configuration for Coherent Raman Spectroscopy,” Science 316, 265–268 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Planas, S. A.

Pugzlys, A.

D.A. Sidorov-Biryukov, A. Fernandez, L. Zhu, A. Verhoef, P. Dombi, A. Pugzlys, A. Baltuška, E.E. Serebryannikov, A.M. Zheltikov, and J.C. Knight, “Hot Dispersion Characterization in PCF,” CLEO-Europe, Munich, June 2007.

Ralph, S. E.

Rostovtsev, Y. V.

D. Pestov, R. K. Murawski, G. O. Ariunbold, X. Wang, M. Zhi, A. V. Sokolov, V. A. Sautenkov, Y. V. Rostovtsev, A. Dogariu, Y. Huang, and M. O. Scully, “Optimizing the Laser-Pulse Configuration for Coherent Raman Spectroscopy,” Science 316, 265–268 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Russell, P.St.J.

P.St.J. Russell, “Photonic crystal fibers,” Science 299, 358–362 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sautenkov, V. A.

D. Pestov, R. K. Murawski, G. O. Ariunbold, X. Wang, M. Zhi, A. V. Sokolov, V. A. Sautenkov, Y. V. Rostovtsev, A. Dogariu, Y. Huang, and M. O. Scully, “Optimizing the Laser-Pulse Configuration for Coherent Raman Spectroscopy,” Science 316, 265–268 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Scully, M. O.

D. Pestov, R. K. Murawski, G. O. Ariunbold, X. Wang, M. Zhi, A. V. Sokolov, V. A. Sautenkov, Y. V. Rostovtsev, A. Dogariu, Y. Huang, and M. O. Scully, “Optimizing the Laser-Pulse Configuration for Coherent Raman Spectroscopy,” Science 316, 265–268 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Serebryannikov, E.E.

D.A. Sidorov-Biryukov, A. Fernandez, L. Zhu, A. Verhoef, P. Dombi, A. Pugzlys, A. Baltuška, E.E. Serebryannikov, A.M. Zheltikov, and J.C. Knight, “Hot Dispersion Characterization in PCF,” CLEO-Europe, Munich, June 2007.

Sidorov-Biryukov, D.A.

D.A. Sidorov-Biryukov, A. Fernandez, L. Zhu, A. Verhoef, P. Dombi, A. Pugzlys, A. Baltuška, E.E. Serebryannikov, A.M. Zheltikov, and J.C. Knight, “Hot Dispersion Characterization in PCF,” CLEO-Europe, Munich, June 2007.

Sokolov, A. V.

D. Pestov, R. K. Murawski, G. O. Ariunbold, X. Wang, M. Zhi, A. V. Sokolov, V. A. Sautenkov, Y. V. Rostovtsev, A. Dogariu, Y. Huang, and M. O. Scully, “Optimizing the Laser-Pulse Configuration for Coherent Raman Spectroscopy,” Science 316, 265–268 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Stolen, R. H.

R. H. Stolen and C. Lin, “Self-phase-modulation in silica optical fibers,” Phys. Rev. A 17, 1448–1453 (1978).
[Crossref]

Takeda, M.

Teisset, C.

Thøgersen, J.

Tünnermann, A.

J. Limpert, T. Gabler, A. Liem, H. Zellmer, and A. Tünnermann, “SPM-induced spectral compression of picosecond pulses in a single-mode Yb-doped fiber amplifier,” Appl. Phys. B 74, 2, 191–196 (2002).
[Crossref]

Verhoef, A.

D.A. Sidorov-Biryukov, A. Fernandez, L. Zhu, A. Verhoef, P. Dombi, A. Pugzlys, A. Baltuška, E.E. Serebryannikov, A.M. Zheltikov, and J.C. Knight, “Hot Dispersion Characterization in PCF,” CLEO-Europe, Munich, June 2007.

Wang, X.

D. Pestov, R. K. Murawski, G. O. Ariunbold, X. Wang, M. Zhi, A. V. Sokolov, V. A. Sautenkov, Y. V. Rostovtsev, A. Dogariu, Y. Huang, and M. O. Scully, “Optimizing the Laser-Pulse Configuration for Coherent Raman Spectroscopy,” Science 316, 265–268 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Washburn, B. R.

Zellmer, H.

J. Limpert, T. Gabler, A. Liem, H. Zellmer, and A. Tünnermann, “SPM-induced spectral compression of picosecond pulses in a single-mode Yb-doped fiber amplifier,” Appl. Phys. B 74, 2, 191–196 (2002).
[Crossref]

Zheltikov, A.

Zheltikov, A.M.

D.A. Sidorov-Biryukov, A. Fernandez, L. Zhu, A. Verhoef, P. Dombi, A. Pugzlys, A. Baltuška, E.E. Serebryannikov, A.M. Zheltikov, and J.C. Knight, “Hot Dispersion Characterization in PCF,” CLEO-Europe, Munich, June 2007.

Zhi, M.

D. Pestov, R. K. Murawski, G. O. Ariunbold, X. Wang, M. Zhi, A. V. Sokolov, V. A. Sautenkov, Y. V. Rostovtsev, A. Dogariu, Y. Huang, and M. O. Scully, “Optimizing the Laser-Pulse Configuration for Coherent Raman Spectroscopy,” Science 316, 265–268 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhu, L.

D.A. Sidorov-Biryukov, A. Fernandez, L. Zhu, A. Verhoef, P. Dombi, A. Pugzlys, A. Baltuška, E.E. Serebryannikov, A.M. Zheltikov, and J.C. Knight, “Hot Dispersion Characterization in PCF,” CLEO-Europe, Munich, June 2007.

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

M. Oberthaler and R. A. Hopfel, “Special narrowing of ultrashort laser pulses by self-phase modulation in optical fibers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 1017–1019 (1993).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Nature (1)

J.C. Knight, “Photonic crystal fibers,” Nature 424, 847–851 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (4)

Phys. Rev. A (1)

R. H. Stolen and C. Lin, “Self-phase-modulation in silica optical fibers,” Phys. Rev. A 17, 1448–1453 (1978).
[Crossref]

Science (2)

P.St.J. Russell, “Photonic crystal fibers,” Science 299, 358–362 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Pestov, R. K. Murawski, G. O. Ariunbold, X. Wang, M. Zhi, A. V. Sokolov, V. A. Sautenkov, Y. V. Rostovtsev, A. Dogariu, Y. Huang, and M. O. Scully, “Optimizing the Laser-Pulse Configuration for Coherent Raman Spectroscopy,” Science 316, 265–268 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Other (3)

D.A. Sidorov-Biryukov, A. Fernandez, L. Zhu, A. Verhoef, P. Dombi, A. Pugzlys, A. Baltuška, E.E. Serebryannikov, A.M. Zheltikov, and J.C. Knight, “Hot Dispersion Characterization in PCF,” CLEO-Europe, Munich, June 2007.

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic, San Diego, 2001).

J. Limpert, T. Gabler, A. Liem, H. Zellmer, and A. Tünnermann, “SPM-induced spectral compression of picosecond pulses in a single-mode Yb-doped fiber amplifier,” Appl. Phys. B 74, 2, 191–196 (2002).
[Crossref]

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. Spectra of an ultrashort laser pulse with an initial spectrum shown by the dotted line transmitted through a PCF with a length of 10 cm (dash--dotted line), 50 cm (dashed line), and 250 cm (solid line). Cross section image and dispersion profile of the PCF, provided by the University of Bath, are presented in insets 1 and 2, respectively. The input peak power of the laser pulse is 1 kW.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. The spectral intensity (a) and temporal envelope (b) of a light pulse undergoing a spectral narrowing in the PCF. The input pulse energy is 45 pJ (1), 38 pJ (2), and 35 pJ (3). The fiber length is 2.5 m (1), 33 m (2), and 100 m (3).
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. Characterization of the Yb DPSSL output: (a) directly measured spectral intensity (solid line), the spectral intensity (open circles) and the spectral phase (dashed line) reconstructed from the FROG trace; (b) the temporal envelope (solid line) and chirp (dashed line).
Fig. 4.
Fig. 4. Experimental (solid lines) and theoretical (dashed line) spectra (a), intensity envelope (b), and the nonlinear part of the spectral phase (c) of Yb DPSSL laser pulses transmitted through a 30-cm piece of PCF. The input laser pulse peak power is (from top to bottom) 0.4, 0.8, 0.9, 1.1, and 1.3 kW. The input pulse width is about 50 fs.
Fig. 5.
Fig. 5. Results of experiments demonstrating spectral narrowing of chirp-free pulses in a highly nonlinear PCF. (a) The spectrum (circles) and the spectral phase (dashed and dotted lines) of Yb DPSSL pulses transmitted through a 30-cm piece of PCF. The peak power launched into the fiber is 0.35 kW (open circles and the dotted curve) and 1.4 kW (filled circles and the dashed curve). The input pulse width is 50 fs. (b) Temporal envelope of the PCF output for laser pulses with a peak power of 0.35 kW (open circles) and 1.4 kW (filled circles). The dashed line shows a transform limited pulse corresponding to the measured spectrum at the output of the 30-cm PCF.

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