Abstract

We propose and investigate experimentally a tunable and stable fiber laser with single-longitudinal-mode (SLM) and power-equalized output based on a two-stage erbium amplifier and a saturable-absorber filter. Two-stage amplifier consists of an erbium-doped waveguide amplifier (EDWA) and erbium-doped fiber amplifier (EDFA) to generate a flatter amplified spontaneous emission (ASE) source for constant output. Saturable-absorber filter constructs by an unpumped EDF and a fiber reflected mirror (FRM) to provide a fine mode restriction and guarantee a SLM operation.

©2007 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. C. C. Lee, Y. K. Chen, and S. K. Liaw, “Single-longitudinal-mode fiber laser with a passive multiple-ring cavity and its application for video transmission,” Opt. Lett. 23,58–360 (1998).
    [Crossref]
  2. J. Zhang, C.Y. Yue, G. W. Schinn, W. R. L. Clements, and J. W. Y. Lit, “Stable single-mode compound-ring erbium-doped fiber laser,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14,104–109 (1996).
    [Crossref]
  3. K. J. Vahala, P. Namkyoo, J. Dawson, and S. Sanders, “Tunable, single-frequency, erbium fiber ring lasers,” LEOS’93 Conf. Proc., 1993, pp.708–709.
  4. Y. Cheng, J. T. Kringlebotn, and D. N. Payne, “Stable single-frequency traveling-wave fiber loop laser with integral saturable-absorber-based tracking narrow-band filter,” Opt. Lett. 20,875–877 (1995).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  5. H. C. Chien, C. H. Yeh, C. C. Lee, and S. Chi, “A Tunable and Single-Frequency S-Band Erbium Fiber Laser with saturable-absorber-based autotracking filter,” Opt. Commun. 250,163–167 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  6. Y. W. Song, S. A. Havstad, D. Starodubov, Y. Xie, A. E. Willner, and J. Feinberg, “40-nm-wide tunable fiber ring laser with single-mode operation using a highly stretchable FBG,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 13,1167–1169 (2001).
    [Crossref]
  7. C. H. Yeh, C. C. Lee, C. Y. Chen, and S. Chi, “A Tunable S-Band Erbium-Doped Fiber Ring Laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15,1503–1504 (2003).
  8. H. Y. Tseng, S. K. Liaw, and S. Chi, “Power-equalized parallel-type pump-shared fiber lasers based on parameter-adjustment,” Opt. Commun. 170,292–234 (1999).
    [Crossref]
  9. C. H. Yeh, M. C. Lin, and S. Chi, “Gain flattened erbium-doped amplifier with 34nm flat bandwidth,” Electron. Lett. 42,1086–1088 (2006).
    [Crossref]

2006 (1)

C. H. Yeh, M. C. Lin, and S. Chi, “Gain flattened erbium-doped amplifier with 34nm flat bandwidth,” Electron. Lett. 42,1086–1088 (2006).
[Crossref]

2005 (1)

H. C. Chien, C. H. Yeh, C. C. Lee, and S. Chi, “A Tunable and Single-Frequency S-Band Erbium Fiber Laser with saturable-absorber-based autotracking filter,” Opt. Commun. 250,163–167 (2005).
[Crossref]

2003 (1)

C. H. Yeh, C. C. Lee, C. Y. Chen, and S. Chi, “A Tunable S-Band Erbium-Doped Fiber Ring Laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15,1503–1504 (2003).

2001 (1)

Y. W. Song, S. A. Havstad, D. Starodubov, Y. Xie, A. E. Willner, and J. Feinberg, “40-nm-wide tunable fiber ring laser with single-mode operation using a highly stretchable FBG,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 13,1167–1169 (2001).
[Crossref]

1999 (1)

H. Y. Tseng, S. K. Liaw, and S. Chi, “Power-equalized parallel-type pump-shared fiber lasers based on parameter-adjustment,” Opt. Commun. 170,292–234 (1999).
[Crossref]

1998 (1)

1996 (1)

J. Zhang, C.Y. Yue, G. W. Schinn, W. R. L. Clements, and J. W. Y. Lit, “Stable single-mode compound-ring erbium-doped fiber laser,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14,104–109 (1996).
[Crossref]

1995 (1)

1993 (1)

K. J. Vahala, P. Namkyoo, J. Dawson, and S. Sanders, “Tunable, single-frequency, erbium fiber ring lasers,” LEOS’93 Conf. Proc., 1993, pp.708–709.

Chen, C. Y.

C. H. Yeh, C. C. Lee, C. Y. Chen, and S. Chi, “A Tunable S-Band Erbium-Doped Fiber Ring Laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15,1503–1504 (2003).

Chen, Y. K.

Cheng, Y.

Chi, S.

C. H. Yeh, M. C. Lin, and S. Chi, “Gain flattened erbium-doped amplifier with 34nm flat bandwidth,” Electron. Lett. 42,1086–1088 (2006).
[Crossref]

H. C. Chien, C. H. Yeh, C. C. Lee, and S. Chi, “A Tunable and Single-Frequency S-Band Erbium Fiber Laser with saturable-absorber-based autotracking filter,” Opt. Commun. 250,163–167 (2005).
[Crossref]

C. H. Yeh, C. C. Lee, C. Y. Chen, and S. Chi, “A Tunable S-Band Erbium-Doped Fiber Ring Laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15,1503–1504 (2003).

H. Y. Tseng, S. K. Liaw, and S. Chi, “Power-equalized parallel-type pump-shared fiber lasers based on parameter-adjustment,” Opt. Commun. 170,292–234 (1999).
[Crossref]

Chien, H. C.

H. C. Chien, C. H. Yeh, C. C. Lee, and S. Chi, “A Tunable and Single-Frequency S-Band Erbium Fiber Laser with saturable-absorber-based autotracking filter,” Opt. Commun. 250,163–167 (2005).
[Crossref]

Clements, W. R. L.

J. Zhang, C.Y. Yue, G. W. Schinn, W. R. L. Clements, and J. W. Y. Lit, “Stable single-mode compound-ring erbium-doped fiber laser,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14,104–109 (1996).
[Crossref]

Dawson, J.

K. J. Vahala, P. Namkyoo, J. Dawson, and S. Sanders, “Tunable, single-frequency, erbium fiber ring lasers,” LEOS’93 Conf. Proc., 1993, pp.708–709.

Feinberg, J.

Y. W. Song, S. A. Havstad, D. Starodubov, Y. Xie, A. E. Willner, and J. Feinberg, “40-nm-wide tunable fiber ring laser with single-mode operation using a highly stretchable FBG,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 13,1167–1169 (2001).
[Crossref]

Havstad, S. A.

Y. W. Song, S. A. Havstad, D. Starodubov, Y. Xie, A. E. Willner, and J. Feinberg, “40-nm-wide tunable fiber ring laser with single-mode operation using a highly stretchable FBG,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 13,1167–1169 (2001).
[Crossref]

Kringlebotn, J. T.

Lee, C. C.

H. C. Chien, C. H. Yeh, C. C. Lee, and S. Chi, “A Tunable and Single-Frequency S-Band Erbium Fiber Laser with saturable-absorber-based autotracking filter,” Opt. Commun. 250,163–167 (2005).
[Crossref]

C. H. Yeh, C. C. Lee, C. Y. Chen, and S. Chi, “A Tunable S-Band Erbium-Doped Fiber Ring Laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15,1503–1504 (2003).

C. C. Lee, Y. K. Chen, and S. K. Liaw, “Single-longitudinal-mode fiber laser with a passive multiple-ring cavity and its application for video transmission,” Opt. Lett. 23,58–360 (1998).
[Crossref]

Liaw, S. K.

H. Y. Tseng, S. K. Liaw, and S. Chi, “Power-equalized parallel-type pump-shared fiber lasers based on parameter-adjustment,” Opt. Commun. 170,292–234 (1999).
[Crossref]

C. C. Lee, Y. K. Chen, and S. K. Liaw, “Single-longitudinal-mode fiber laser with a passive multiple-ring cavity and its application for video transmission,” Opt. Lett. 23,58–360 (1998).
[Crossref]

Lin, M. C.

C. H. Yeh, M. C. Lin, and S. Chi, “Gain flattened erbium-doped amplifier with 34nm flat bandwidth,” Electron. Lett. 42,1086–1088 (2006).
[Crossref]

Lit, J. W. Y.

J. Zhang, C.Y. Yue, G. W. Schinn, W. R. L. Clements, and J. W. Y. Lit, “Stable single-mode compound-ring erbium-doped fiber laser,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14,104–109 (1996).
[Crossref]

Namkyoo, P.

K. J. Vahala, P. Namkyoo, J. Dawson, and S. Sanders, “Tunable, single-frequency, erbium fiber ring lasers,” LEOS’93 Conf. Proc., 1993, pp.708–709.

Payne, D. N.

Sanders, S.

K. J. Vahala, P. Namkyoo, J. Dawson, and S. Sanders, “Tunable, single-frequency, erbium fiber ring lasers,” LEOS’93 Conf. Proc., 1993, pp.708–709.

Schinn, G. W.

J. Zhang, C.Y. Yue, G. W. Schinn, W. R. L. Clements, and J. W. Y. Lit, “Stable single-mode compound-ring erbium-doped fiber laser,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14,104–109 (1996).
[Crossref]

Song, Y. W.

Y. W. Song, S. A. Havstad, D. Starodubov, Y. Xie, A. E. Willner, and J. Feinberg, “40-nm-wide tunable fiber ring laser with single-mode operation using a highly stretchable FBG,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 13,1167–1169 (2001).
[Crossref]

Starodubov, D.

Y. W. Song, S. A. Havstad, D. Starodubov, Y. Xie, A. E. Willner, and J. Feinberg, “40-nm-wide tunable fiber ring laser with single-mode operation using a highly stretchable FBG,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 13,1167–1169 (2001).
[Crossref]

Tseng, H. Y.

H. Y. Tseng, S. K. Liaw, and S. Chi, “Power-equalized parallel-type pump-shared fiber lasers based on parameter-adjustment,” Opt. Commun. 170,292–234 (1999).
[Crossref]

Vahala, K. J.

K. J. Vahala, P. Namkyoo, J. Dawson, and S. Sanders, “Tunable, single-frequency, erbium fiber ring lasers,” LEOS’93 Conf. Proc., 1993, pp.708–709.

Willner, A. E.

Y. W. Song, S. A. Havstad, D. Starodubov, Y. Xie, A. E. Willner, and J. Feinberg, “40-nm-wide tunable fiber ring laser with single-mode operation using a highly stretchable FBG,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 13,1167–1169 (2001).
[Crossref]

Xie, Y.

Y. W. Song, S. A. Havstad, D. Starodubov, Y. Xie, A. E. Willner, and J. Feinberg, “40-nm-wide tunable fiber ring laser with single-mode operation using a highly stretchable FBG,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 13,1167–1169 (2001).
[Crossref]

Yeh, C. H.

C. H. Yeh, M. C. Lin, and S. Chi, “Gain flattened erbium-doped amplifier with 34nm flat bandwidth,” Electron. Lett. 42,1086–1088 (2006).
[Crossref]

H. C. Chien, C. H. Yeh, C. C. Lee, and S. Chi, “A Tunable and Single-Frequency S-Band Erbium Fiber Laser with saturable-absorber-based autotracking filter,” Opt. Commun. 250,163–167 (2005).
[Crossref]

C. H. Yeh, C. C. Lee, C. Y. Chen, and S. Chi, “A Tunable S-Band Erbium-Doped Fiber Ring Laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15,1503–1504 (2003).

Yue, C.Y.

J. Zhang, C.Y. Yue, G. W. Schinn, W. R. L. Clements, and J. W. Y. Lit, “Stable single-mode compound-ring erbium-doped fiber laser,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14,104–109 (1996).
[Crossref]

Zhang, J.

J. Zhang, C.Y. Yue, G. W. Schinn, W. R. L. Clements, and J. W. Y. Lit, “Stable single-mode compound-ring erbium-doped fiber laser,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14,104–109 (1996).
[Crossref]

Electron. Lett. (1)

C. H. Yeh, M. C. Lin, and S. Chi, “Gain flattened erbium-doped amplifier with 34nm flat bandwidth,” Electron. Lett. 42,1086–1088 (2006).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (2)

Y. W. Song, S. A. Havstad, D. Starodubov, Y. Xie, A. E. Willner, and J. Feinberg, “40-nm-wide tunable fiber ring laser with single-mode operation using a highly stretchable FBG,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 13,1167–1169 (2001).
[Crossref]

C. H. Yeh, C. C. Lee, C. Y. Chen, and S. Chi, “A Tunable S-Band Erbium-Doped Fiber Ring Laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15,1503–1504 (2003).

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

J. Zhang, C.Y. Yue, G. W. Schinn, W. R. L. Clements, and J. W. Y. Lit, “Stable single-mode compound-ring erbium-doped fiber laser,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14,104–109 (1996).
[Crossref]

LEOS’93 Conf. Proc. (1)

K. J. Vahala, P. Namkyoo, J. Dawson, and S. Sanders, “Tunable, single-frequency, erbium fiber ring lasers,” LEOS’93 Conf. Proc., 1993, pp.708–709.

Opt. Commun. (2)

H. Y. Tseng, S. K. Liaw, and S. Chi, “Power-equalized parallel-type pump-shared fiber lasers based on parameter-adjustment,” Opt. Commun. 170,292–234 (1999).
[Crossref]

H. C. Chien, C. H. Yeh, C. C. Lee, and S. Chi, “A Tunable and Single-Frequency S-Band Erbium Fiber Laser with saturable-absorber-based autotracking filter,” Opt. Commun. 250,163–167 (2005).
[Crossref]

Opt. Lett. (2)

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. Proposed experimental setup of an erbium-based fiber laser with tunable power-equalized output.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. (a). ASE spectrum of an EDWA. (b) ASE spectra of an EDFA with a 10 m long EDF when the pump powers are 5, 10, 20 and 40 mW, respectively.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 ASE spectrum of a two-stage EBFA when the pump current of EDWA is 440 mA and the pump power of EDFA is 10 mW.
Fig. 4.
Fig. 4. Output power and SMSR versus the tuning wavelength in this proposed laser (a) without and with the unpumped EDF of (b) 1, (c) 1.5 and (d) 2 m long, respectively, while the various external voltages (0 to 12 V) applied on the PZT of FFP-TF.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Wavelength variation and the power fluctuation of the stabilized fiber ring laser while the lasing wavelength is 1556.2 nm initially and an observing time is over 20 minutes.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 The self-homodyne spectra of the fiber laser without saturable-absorber filter and with saturable-absorber filter at 1556.2 nm when an unpumped EDF is 1.5 m long.

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