Abstract

Abstract

This paper presents the first experimental observation of interband photo- refractive (PR) effects in β-BBO crystal due to multiphoton excitation with intense ultrashort pulses. In order to fully characterize the PR effects, a sensitive intracavity scheme is developed to magnify the dynamics of nonlinear lenses induced by the PR effects. The reproducible PR phenomena depend strongly on the power, wavelength, and spatial intensity profile of the intense laser pulses and the electro-optic coefficient of the optical materials. Its response time is from tens of seconds to several minutes. The results may be very helpful for us to find a solution to overcome the deleterious influence of multiphoton induced photo-charges on nonlinear optical frequency conversions, e.g. optical parametric chirped pulse amplification.

©2007 Optical Society of America

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References

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2007 (2)

A. Fülöp, Z. Major, B. Horváth, F. Tavella, A. Baltuška, and F. Krausz, “Shaping of picosecond pulses for pumping optical parametric amplification,” Appl. Phys. B 87, 79–84 (2007)
[Crossref]

H. Nishioka, K. Hayasaka, S. Ohta, H. Tomita, and K. Ueda, “Femtosecond pulse amplification by a two-photon arranged photorefractive amplifier,” Opt. Express 15, 4830–4834 (2007) http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-15-8-4830.
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2006 (4)

2005 (5)

2004 (1)

P. Schlup, J. Biegert, C.P. Hauri, G. Arisholm, and U. Keller, “Design of a sub-13-fs, multi-gigawatt chirped pulse optical parametric amplification system,” Appl. Phys. B 79, 285–288 (2004).
[Crossref]

2003 (1)

D. Wang, “Linear and nonlinear optical properties of borate crystals as calculated from the first principles,” Bull. Mater. Sci. 26, 159–163(2003).
[Crossref]

2002 (3)

2000 (1)

S. K. Zhang, M. Fujita, M. Yamanaka, M. Nakatsuka, Y. Izawa, and C. Yamanaka, “Study of the stability of optical parametric amplification,” Opt. Commun. 184, 451–455 (2000).
[Crossref]

1999 (2)

Ph. Dittrich, G. Montemezzani, P. Bernasconi, and P. Gunter, “Fast, reconfigurable light-induced waveguides,” Opt. Lett. 24, 1508–15011 (1999)
[Crossref]

Ph. Dittrich, G. Montemezzani, P. Bernasconi, and P. Gunter, “Dynamical light induced waveguides by interband photorefraction,” OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics 27, 538–544 (1999).

1998 (1)

1997 (1)

1995 (1)

1994 (1)

G. Montemezzani, P. Rogin, M. Zgonik, and P. G□unter, “Interband photorefractive effects: Theory and experiments in KNbO3,” Phys. Rev. B 49, 2484–2502 (1994)
[Crossref]

1986 (1)

1982 (1)

Akahane, Y.

Anastassiou, C.

Anderson, D. Z.

Apolonski, A.

T. Fuji, J. Rauschenberger, C. Gohle, A. Apolonski, T. Udem, V. S Yakovlev, G. Tempea, T. W Hänsch, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond control of optical waveforms,” New J. Phys. 7, 116–124 (2005).
[Crossref]

Arisholm, G.

P. Schlup, J. Biegert, C.P. Hauri, G. Arisholm, and U. Keller, “Design of a sub-13-fs, multi-gigawatt chirped pulse optical parametric amplification system,” Appl. Phys. B 79, 285–288 (2004).
[Crossref]

Baltuška, A.

A. Fülöp, Z. Major, B. Horváth, F. Tavella, A. Baltuška, and F. Krausz, “Shaping of picosecond pulses for pumping optical parametric amplification,” Appl. Phys. B 87, 79–84 (2007)
[Crossref]

Baltuška1, A.

Bernasconi, P.

Ph. Dittrich, G. Montemezzani, P. Bernasconi, and P. Gunter, “Dynamical light induced waveguides by interband photorefraction,” OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics 27, 538–544 (1999).

Ph. Dittrich, G. Montemezzani, P. Bernasconi, and P. Gunter, “Fast, reconfigurable light-induced waveguides,” Opt. Lett. 24, 1508–15011 (1999)
[Crossref]

Biegert, J.

P. Schlup, J. Biegert, C.P. Hauri, G. Arisholm, and U. Keller, “Design of a sub-13-fs, multi-gigawatt chirped pulse optical parametric amplification system,” Appl. Phys. B 79, 285–288 (2004).
[Crossref]

Boggess, T. F.

Bohnert, K.

Bonner, R. A.

Brignon, A.

Cameron, S.M.

Chen, Z.

Comaskey, B. J.

Cronin-Golomb, M.

Dittrich, Ph.

Ph. Dittrich, G. Montemezzani, P. Bernasconi, and P. Gunter, “Fast, reconfigurable light-induced waveguides,” Opt. Lett. 24, 1508–15011 (1999)
[Crossref]

Ph. Dittrich, G. Montemezzani, P. Bernasconi, and P. Gunter, “Dynamical light induced waveguides by interband photorefraction,” OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics 27, 538–544 (1999).

Ebbers, C. A.

Eikema, K. S. E.

Fischer, B.

Fuji, T.

Fujita, M.

S. K. Zhang, M. Fujita, M. Yamanaka, M. Nakatsuka, Y. Izawa, and C. Yamanaka, “Study of the stability of optical parametric amplification,” Opt. Commun. 184, 451–455 (2000).
[Crossref]

Fülöp, A.

A. Fülöp, Z. Major, B. Horváth, F. Tavella, A. Baltuška, and F. Krausz, “Shaping of picosecond pulses for pumping optical parametric amplification,” Appl. Phys. B 87, 79–84 (2007)
[Crossref]

G?unter, P.

G. Montemezzani, P. Rogin, M. Zgonik, and P. G□unter, “Interband photorefractive effects: Theory and experiments in KNbO3,” Phys. Rev. B 49, 2484–2502 (1994)
[Crossref]

Gao, S.

X. Xiao, Ch. Yang, S. Gao, and H. Miao, “Analysis of Ultrashort-Pulse Second-Harmonic Generation in Both Phase- and Group-Velocity-Matched Structures,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.,  41, 85–93 (2005).
[Crossref]

Garrett, M. H.

Gohle, C.

T. Fuji, J. Rauschenberger, C. Gohle, A. Apolonski, T. Udem, V. S Yakovlev, G. Tempea, T. W Hänsch, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond control of optical waveforms,” New J. Phys. 7, 116–124 (2005).
[Crossref]

Gunter, P.

Ph. Dittrich, G. Montemezzani, P. Bernasconi, and P. Gunter, “Dynamical light induced waveguides by interband photorefraction,” OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics 27, 538–544 (1999).

Ph. Dittrich, G. Montemezzani, P. Bernasconi, and P. Gunter, “Fast, reconfigurable light-induced waveguides,” Opt. Lett. 24, 1508–15011 (1999)
[Crossref]

Hänsch, T. W

T. Fuji, J. Rauschenberger, C. Gohle, A. Apolonski, T. Udem, V. S Yakovlev, G. Tempea, T. W Hänsch, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond control of optical waveforms,” New J. Phys. 7, 116–124 (2005).
[Crossref]

Hauri, C.P.

P. Schlup, J. Biegert, C.P. Hauri, G. Arisholm, and U. Keller, “Design of a sub-13-fs, multi-gigawatt chirped pulse optical parametric amplification system,” Appl. Phys. B 79, 285–288 (2004).
[Crossref]

Hayasaka, K.

Hogervorst, W.

Holzwarth1, R.

Horváth, B.

A. Fülöp, Z. Major, B. Horváth, F. Tavella, A. Baltuška, and F. Krausz, “Shaping of picosecond pulses for pumping optical parametric amplification,” Appl. Phys. B 87, 79–84 (2007)
[Crossref]

Huignard, J.

Inoue, N.

Ishii, N.

Izawa, Y.

S. K. Zhang, M. Fujita, M. Yamanaka, M. Nakatsuka, Y. Izawa, and C. Yamanaka, “Study of the stability of optical parametric amplification,” Opt. Commun. 184, 451–455 (2000).
[Crossref]

Jovanovic, I.

Keller, U.

P. Schlup, J. Biegert, C.P. Hauri, G. Arisholm, and U. Keller, “Design of a sub-13-fs, multi-gigawatt chirped pulse optical parametric amplification system,” Appl. Phys. B 79, 285–288 (2004).
[Crossref]

Kiessling, A.

Kiriyama, H.

Klein, M. B.

Köhler, S.

Kowarschik, R.

Krausz, F.

A. Fülöp, Z. Major, B. Horváth, F. Tavella, A. Baltuška, and F. Krausz, “Shaping of picosecond pulses for pumping optical parametric amplification,” Appl. Phys. B 87, 79–84 (2007)
[Crossref]

T. Fuji, J. Rauschenberger, C. Gohle, A. Apolonski, T. Udem, V. S Yakovlev, G. Tempea, T. W Hänsch, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond control of optical waveforms,” New J. Phys. 7, 116–124 (2005).
[Crossref]

C. Y. Teisset, N. Ishii, T. Fuji, T. Metzger, S. Köhler, R. Holzwarth1, A. Baltuška1, A. M. Zheltikov, and F. Krausz, “Soliton-based pump-seed synchronization for few-cycle OPCPA,” Opt. Express 13, 6550–6557 (2005), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?id=85322.
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Law, R.J.

Leng, Y.

Li, R.

Lin, L.

Lu, H.

Luk, T.S.

Major, Z.

A. Fülöp, Z. Major, B. Horváth, F. Tavella, A. Baltuška, and F. Krausz, “Shaping of picosecond pulses for pumping optical parametric amplification,” Appl. Phys. B 87, 79–84 (2007)
[Crossref]

Matousek, P.

Metzger, T.

Miao, H.

X. Xiao, Ch. Yang, S. Gao, and H. Miao, “Analysis of Ultrashort-Pulse Second-Harmonic Generation in Both Phase- and Group-Velocity-Matched Structures,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.,  41, 85–93 (2005).
[Crossref]

Mitchell, M.

Mnushkina, I.

Montemezzani, G.

Ph. Dittrich, G. Montemezzani, P. Bernasconi, and P. Gunter, “Fast, reconfigurable light-induced waveguides,” Opt. Lett. 24, 1508–15011 (1999)
[Crossref]

Ph. Dittrich, G. Montemezzani, P. Bernasconi, and P. Gunter, “Dynamical light induced waveguides by interband photorefraction,” OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics 27, 538–544 (1999).

G. Montemezzani, P. Rogin, M. Zgonik, and P. G□unter, “Interband photorefractive effects: Theory and experiments in KNbO3,” Phys. Rev. B 49, 2484–2502 (1994)
[Crossref]

Morse, E.C.

Nakatsuka, M.

S. K. Zhang, M. Fujita, M. Yamanaka, M. Nakatsuka, Y. Izawa, and C. Yamanaka, “Study of the stability of optical parametric amplification,” Opt. Commun. 184, 451–455 (2000).
[Crossref]

New, G.H. C.

Nishioka, H.

Ohta, S.

Osvay, K.

Peng, Y.

Pennington, D. M.

Rausch, A.

Rauschenberger, J.

T. Fuji, J. Rauschenberger, C. Gohle, A. Apolonski, T. Udem, V. S Yakovlev, G. Tempea, T. W Hänsch, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond control of optical waveforms,” New J. Phys. 7, 116–124 (2005).
[Crossref]

Rogin, P.

G. Montemezzani, P. Rogin, M. Zgonik, and P. G□unter, “Interband photorefractive effects: Theory and experiments in KNbO3,” Phys. Rev. B 49, 2484–2502 (1994)
[Crossref]

Ross, I. N.

Rudd, J.V.

Schlup, P.

P. Schlup, J. Biegert, C.P. Hauri, G. Arisholm, and U. Keller, “Design of a sub-13-fs, multi-gigawatt chirped pulse optical parametric amplification system,” Appl. Phys. B 79, 285–288 (2004).
[Crossref]

Segev, M.

Shih, M.

Smirl, A. L.

Tang, B.

Tavella, F.

A. Fülöp, Z. Major, B. Horváth, F. Tavella, A. Baltuška, and F. Krausz, “Shaping of picosecond pulses for pumping optical parametric amplification,” Appl. Phys. B 87, 79–84 (2007)
[Crossref]

Teisset, C. Y.

Tempea, G.

T. Fuji, J. Rauschenberger, C. Gohle, A. Apolonski, T. Udem, V. S Yakovlev, G. Tempea, T. W Hänsch, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond control of optical waveforms,” New J. Phys. 7, 116–124 (2005).
[Crossref]

Tomita, H.

Udem, T.

T. Fuji, J. Rauschenberger, C. Gohle, A. Apolonski, T. Udem, V. S Yakovlev, G. Tempea, T. W Hänsch, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond control of optical waveforms,” New J. Phys. 7, 116–124 (2005).
[Crossref]

Ueda, K.

Valley, G. C.

Wang, D.

D. Wang, “Linear and nonlinear optical properties of borate crystals as calculated from the first principles,” Bull. Mater. Sci. 26, 159–163(2003).
[Crossref]

White, J. O.

Witte, S.

Wu, K.

Xiao, X.

X. Xiao, Ch. Yang, S. Gao, and H. Miao, “Analysis of Ultrashort-Pulse Second-Harmonic Generation in Both Phase- and Group-Velocity-Matched Structures,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.,  41, 85–93 (2005).
[Crossref]

Xu, S.

Xu, Z.

Yakovlev, V. S

T. Fuji, J. Rauschenberger, C. Gohle, A. Apolonski, T. Udem, V. S Yakovlev, G. Tempea, T. W Hänsch, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond control of optical waveforms,” New J. Phys. 7, 116–124 (2005).
[Crossref]

Yamakawa, K.

Yamanaka, C.

S. K. Zhang, M. Fujita, M. Yamanaka, M. Nakatsuka, Y. Izawa, and C. Yamanaka, “Study of the stability of optical parametric amplification,” Opt. Commun. 184, 451–455 (2000).
[Crossref]

Yamanaka, M.

S. K. Zhang, M. Fujita, M. Yamanaka, M. Nakatsuka, Y. Izawa, and C. Yamanaka, “Study of the stability of optical parametric amplification,” Opt. Commun. 184, 451–455 (2000).
[Crossref]

Yang, Ch.

X. Xiao, Ch. Yang, S. Gao, and H. Miao, “Analysis of Ultrashort-Pulse Second-Harmonic Generation in Both Phase- and Group-Velocity-Matched Structures,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.,  41, 85–93 (2005).
[Crossref]

Yang, X.

Yariv, A.

Yin, D.

Zeng, H.

Zgonik, M.

G. Montemezzani, P. Rogin, M. Zgonik, and P. G□unter, “Interband photorefractive effects: Theory and experiments in KNbO3,” Phys. Rev. B 49, 2484–2502 (1994)
[Crossref]

Zhai, H.

Zhang, S. K.

S. K. Zhang, M. Fujita, M. Yamanaka, M. Nakatsuka, Y. Izawa, and C. Yamanaka, “Study of the stability of optical parametric amplification,” Opt. Commun. 184, 451–455 (2000).
[Crossref]

Zhang, W.

Zhang, Z.

Zheltikov, A. M.

Zinkstok, R. Th.

Zozulya, A. A.

Appl. Opt. (2)

Appl. Phys. B (2)

A. Fülöp, Z. Major, B. Horváth, F. Tavella, A. Baltuška, and F. Krausz, “Shaping of picosecond pulses for pumping optical parametric amplification,” Appl. Phys. B 87, 79–84 (2007)
[Crossref]

P. Schlup, J. Biegert, C.P. Hauri, G. Arisholm, and U. Keller, “Design of a sub-13-fs, multi-gigawatt chirped pulse optical parametric amplification system,” Appl. Phys. B 79, 285–288 (2004).
[Crossref]

Bull. Mater. Sci. (1)

D. Wang, “Linear and nonlinear optical properties of borate crystals as calculated from the first principles,” Bull. Mater. Sci. 26, 159–163(2003).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

X. Xiao, Ch. Yang, S. Gao, and H. Miao, “Analysis of Ultrashort-Pulse Second-Harmonic Generation in Both Phase- and Group-Velocity-Matched Structures,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.,  41, 85–93 (2005).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

New J. Phys. (1)

T. Fuji, J. Rauschenberger, C. Gohle, A. Apolonski, T. Udem, V. S Yakovlev, G. Tempea, T. W Hänsch, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond control of optical waveforms,” New J. Phys. 7, 116–124 (2005).
[Crossref]

Opt. Commun. (1)

S. K. Zhang, M. Fujita, M. Yamanaka, M. Nakatsuka, Y. Izawa, and C. Yamanaka, “Study of the stability of optical parametric amplification,” Opt. Commun. 184, 451–455 (2000).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (7)

A. Rausch, A. Kiessling, and R. Kowarschik, “Self-focusing without external electric field in BaTiO3”, Opt. Express 14, 6207–6212 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Nishioka, K. Hayasaka, S. Ohta, H. Tomita, and K. Ueda, “Femtosecond pulse amplification by a two-photon arranged photorefractive amplifier,” Opt. Express 15, 4830–4834 (2007) http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-15-8-4830.
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Kiriyama, N. Inoue, Y. Akahane, and K. Yamakawa, “Prepulse-free, multi-terawatt, sub-30-fs laser system,” Opt. Express,  14, 438–445 (2006), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe- 14-1- 438.
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Witte, R. Th. Zinkstok, W. Hogervorst, and K. S. E. Eikema, “Generation of few-cycle terawatt light pulses using optical parametric chirped pulse amplification,” Opt. Express 13, 4903–4908 (2005), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?id=84554.
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Xu, H. Zhai, Z. Xu, Y. Peng, K. Wu, and H. Zeng, “Accurate all-optical synchronization of 1064 nm pulses with 794nm femtosecond pulses for optical parametric chirped pulse amplification,” Opt. Express 14, 2487–2496 (2006), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-14-6-2487.
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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[Crossref]

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. Schematic of the experimental setup. VA: variable attenuator; CM1: concave mirror with 0°AR at 800 nm and HR at 400 nm; CM2, CM3 and CM4: mirrors with 0° HR at 632.8 nm; OC: output coupler of the He-Ne laser; NA: neutral attenuator; L: lens; B1, B2: β-BBO crystal.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. The variation of the cw He-Ne laser power vs. time delay after switching on (solid curves) or off (dashed curves) the incident 400 nm pulses laser beam to the B2 crystal with the different pulsed laser power.
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. The measured cw He-Ne laser power vs. time delay after switching on (a) and off (b) the incident 32.7 mW, 400 nm pulses laser beam to the B2 crystal with/without the presence of the idler pulses
Fig. 4.
Fig. 4. The variation of the cw He-Ne laser power vs. time delay after switching on (solid curve) and off (dashed curve) the incident 240 mW, 800 nm pulsed laser beam to the B2 crystal.
Fig. 5.
Fig. 5. Comparisons of the variation of cw He-Ne laser powers vs. time delay between by intracavity and by extracavity probes for 139 mW 400 nm pulsed laser power (a), and between switching off and on the pulsed laser (b)

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