Abstract

This paper describes an efficient optimal design method for an arrayed waveguide grating (AWG) with flattened transfer function. The objective function is the norm of the difference between calculated and target spectra. To analyze the AWG transfer function, the Fresnel-Kirchhof diffraction formula was employed and the design variable was optical path difference of each array waveguide. The (1+1) Evolution Strategy was applied to an eight-channel coarse wavelength division multiplexing (CWDM) AWG as the optimization tool. The optimized transfer function will considerably improve the system performance.

© 2006 Optical Society of Korea

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  1. B. Glance, I. P. Kaminow, and R. W. Wilson, "Applications of the integrated waveguide grating router," J. Lightwave Technol.., vol. 12, pp. 957-961, 1994
    [Crossref]
  2. Y. Tachikawa, Y. Inoue, M. Kawachi, H. Takahashi, and K. Inoue, "Arrayed-waveguide grating add-drop multiplexer with loop-back optical paths,"Electron Lett., vol. 29, pp. 2133-2134, 1993
    [Crossref]
  3. M. R. Amersfoort, C. R. de Boer, F. P. G. M. van Ham, M. K. Smit, P. Demeester, J. J. G. M. van der Tol, and A. Kuntze, "Phased-array wavelength demultiplexer with flattened wavelength response," Electron. Lett., vol. 30, no. 4, pp. 300-302, 1994
    [Crossref]
  4. Y. P. Ho, H. Li, and Y. J. Chen, "Flat channel-passband-wavelength multiplexing and demultiplexing devices by multiple-Rowland-circle design," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 9, no. 3, pp. 342-344, 1997
    [Crossref]
  5. A. Rigny, A. Bruno, and H. Sik, "Multigrating method for flattened spectral response wavelength multi/demultiplexer," Electron. Lett., vol. 33, no. 20, pp. 1701-1702, 1997
    [Crossref]
  6. J. B. D. Soole, M. R. Amerfoort, H. P. LeBlanc, N. C. Andreadakis, A. Rajhel, C. Caneau, R. Bhat, M. A. Koza, C. Youtsey, and I. Adesida, "Use of multimode interference couplers to broaden the passband of wavelength-dispersive integrated WDM filters," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 8, no. 10, pp. 1340-1342, 1996
    [Crossref]
  7. M. C. Parker and S. D. Walker, "Design of arrayed waveguide gratings using hybrid Fourier-Fresnel transform techniques," IEEE J. Select. Areas Quantum. Electron., vol. 5, pp. 1379-1384, Sept./Oct. 1999
    [Crossref]
  8. M. C. Parker and S. D. Walker, "Arrayed waveguide gratings, fiber Bragg gratings, and photonic crystals : an isomorphic Fourier transform light propagation analysis," IEEE J. Select. Topics Quantum. Electron., vol. 8, pp. 1158-1167, Nov./Dec. 2002
    [Crossref]
  9. D. B. Fogel, Evolutionary Computation. New York :IEEE Press, 1995
  10. K. Press et al., "FEM & Evolution Strategies in the optimal design of electromagnetic devices," IEEE Trans. Magn., vol. 26, pp. 2181-2183, Sept. 2000
    [Crossref]

2002 (1)

M. C. Parker and S. D. Walker, "Arrayed waveguide gratings, fiber Bragg gratings, and photonic crystals : an isomorphic Fourier transform light propagation analysis," IEEE J. Select. Topics Quantum. Electron., vol. 8, pp. 1158-1167, Nov./Dec. 2002
[Crossref]

2000 (1)

K. Press et al., "FEM & Evolution Strategies in the optimal design of electromagnetic devices," IEEE Trans. Magn., vol. 26, pp. 2181-2183, Sept. 2000
[Crossref]

1999 (1)

M. C. Parker and S. D. Walker, "Design of arrayed waveguide gratings using hybrid Fourier-Fresnel transform techniques," IEEE J. Select. Areas Quantum. Electron., vol. 5, pp. 1379-1384, Sept./Oct. 1999
[Crossref]

1997 (2)

Y. P. Ho, H. Li, and Y. J. Chen, "Flat channel-passband-wavelength multiplexing and demultiplexing devices by multiple-Rowland-circle design," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 9, no. 3, pp. 342-344, 1997
[Crossref]

A. Rigny, A. Bruno, and H. Sik, "Multigrating method for flattened spectral response wavelength multi/demultiplexer," Electron. Lett., vol. 33, no. 20, pp. 1701-1702, 1997
[Crossref]

1996 (1)

J. B. D. Soole, M. R. Amerfoort, H. P. LeBlanc, N. C. Andreadakis, A. Rajhel, C. Caneau, R. Bhat, M. A. Koza, C. Youtsey, and I. Adesida, "Use of multimode interference couplers to broaden the passband of wavelength-dispersive integrated WDM filters," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 8, no. 10, pp. 1340-1342, 1996
[Crossref]

1995 (1)

D. B. Fogel, Evolutionary Computation. New York :IEEE Press, 1995

1994 (2)

M. R. Amersfoort, C. R. de Boer, F. P. G. M. van Ham, M. K. Smit, P. Demeester, J. J. G. M. van der Tol, and A. Kuntze, "Phased-array wavelength demultiplexer with flattened wavelength response," Electron. Lett., vol. 30, no. 4, pp. 300-302, 1994
[Crossref]

B. Glance, I. P. Kaminow, and R. W. Wilson, "Applications of the integrated waveguide grating router," J. Lightwave Technol.., vol. 12, pp. 957-961, 1994
[Crossref]

1993 (1)

Y. Tachikawa, Y. Inoue, M. Kawachi, H. Takahashi, and K. Inoue, "Arrayed-waveguide grating add-drop multiplexer with loop-back optical paths,"Electron Lett., vol. 29, pp. 2133-2134, 1993
[Crossref]

Electronics Letters (3)

Y. Tachikawa, Y. Inoue, M. Kawachi, H. Takahashi, and K. Inoue, "Arrayed-waveguide grating add-drop multiplexer with loop-back optical paths,"Electron Lett., vol. 29, pp. 2133-2134, 1993
[Crossref]

M. R. Amersfoort, C. R. de Boer, F. P. G. M. van Ham, M. K. Smit, P. Demeester, J. J. G. M. van der Tol, and A. Kuntze, "Phased-array wavelength demultiplexer with flattened wavelength response," Electron. Lett., vol. 30, no. 4, pp. 300-302, 1994
[Crossref]

A. Rigny, A. Bruno, and H. Sik, "Multigrating method for flattened spectral response wavelength multi/demultiplexer," Electron. Lett., vol. 33, no. 20, pp. 1701-1702, 1997
[Crossref]

IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics (2)

M. C. Parker and S. D. Walker, "Design of arrayed waveguide gratings using hybrid Fourier-Fresnel transform techniques," IEEE J. Select. Areas Quantum. Electron., vol. 5, pp. 1379-1384, Sept./Oct. 1999
[Crossref]

M. C. Parker and S. D. Walker, "Arrayed waveguide gratings, fiber Bragg gratings, and photonic crystals : an isomorphic Fourier transform light propagation analysis," IEEE J. Select. Topics Quantum. Electron., vol. 8, pp. 1158-1167, Nov./Dec. 2002
[Crossref]

IEEE Photonics Technology Letters (2)

J. B. D. Soole, M. R. Amerfoort, H. P. LeBlanc, N. C. Andreadakis, A. Rajhel, C. Caneau, R. Bhat, M. A. Koza, C. Youtsey, and I. Adesida, "Use of multimode interference couplers to broaden the passband of wavelength-dispersive integrated WDM filters," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 8, no. 10, pp. 1340-1342, 1996
[Crossref]

Y. P. Ho, H. Li, and Y. J. Chen, "Flat channel-passband-wavelength multiplexing and demultiplexing devices by multiple-Rowland-circle design," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 9, no. 3, pp. 342-344, 1997
[Crossref]

Journal of Lightwave Technology (1)

B. Glance, I. P. Kaminow, and R. W. Wilson, "Applications of the integrated waveguide grating router," J. Lightwave Technol.., vol. 12, pp. 957-961, 1994
[Crossref]

Magnetics, IEEE Transactions on (1)

K. Press et al., "FEM & Evolution Strategies in the optimal design of electromagnetic devices," IEEE Trans. Magn., vol. 26, pp. 2181-2183, Sept. 2000
[Crossref]

Other (1)

D. B. Fogel, Evolutionary Computation. New York :IEEE Press, 1995

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