Predicting the optical response of macroscopic arrangements of individual scatterers is a computational challenge because the problem involves length scales across multiple orders of magnitude. We present a full-wave optical method to efficiently compute the scattering of light at objects that are arranged in biperiodic arrays. Multiple arrays or homogeneous thin films can be stacked to build up an entire multicomposite material in the third dimension. The scattering properties of the individual objects in each array are described by the T-matrix formalism. Therefore, arbitrarily shaped objects and even molecules can be the basic constituent of the arrays. Taking the T-matrix of the individual scatterer as the point of departure we can explain the optical properties of the bulk material from the scattering properties of its constituents. We use solutions of Maxwell’s equations with well-defined helicity. Therefore, chiral media are particularly easy to consider as materials for both scatterers and embedding media. We exemplify the efficiency of the algorithm with an exhaustive parametric study of anti-reflective coatings for solar cells made from cylinders with a high degree of helicity preservation. The example shows a speed-up factor of about 500 with respect to finite-element computations. A second example specifically exploits the use of helicity modes to investigate the enhancement of the circular dichroism signal in a chiral material.
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