Abstract

This paper presents a theoretical analysis of the optical properties of an optical cavity with both one- and two-photon intracavity absorption loss, without saturation. The cavity two-photon absorption loss per pass is assumed to be small, but otherwise the analysis is general. Analytical results for the cavity transmission as a function of cavity parameters, linear and two-photon intracavity loss, and detuning from resonance are derived and limiting cases discussed. Extraction of the two-photon loss from both cavity ring-down and cavity-enhanced absorption spectroscopy methods is analyzed and the predicted shot-noise limited sensitivities derived and compared. Numerical results are computed using the parameters of a recent experimental intracavity measurement of two-photon absorption of nitrous oxide. The results will be useful in the design and interpretation of cavity-enhanced, two-photon absorption spectroscopy.

© 2020 Optical Society of America

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