Abstract

We study parametric interactions in a new type of nonlinear photonic structure, which is realized in the volume between a pair of nonlinear crystals. In this kind of structure, which we call binary, multiple nonlinear optical processes can be implemented simultaneously, owing to multiple phase-matching conditions, fulfilled separately in the constituent crystals. The coupling between the nonlinear processes by means of modes sharing similar frequency is attained by the spatially broadband nature of the parametric fields. We investigate the spatial properties of the fields generated in the binary structure constructed from periodically poled crystals for the two examples: (1) single parametric downconversion and (2) coupled parametric downconversion and upconversion processes. The efficacy of the fields’ generation in these examples is analyzed through comparison with the cases of a traditional single periodically poled crystal and an aperiodic photonic structure, respectively. For this, we have devised a method that allowed us to solve the field equations numerically without resorting to statistically modeling the input vacuum states. It has been shown that the relative shift between the periodic crystal lattices has a crucial effect on the generated spatial field spectrum and overall efficiency. In addition, the influence of the intercrystal distance on these characteristics has been studied. Therefore, our study suggests that one can construct optical elements with sophisticated nonlinear properties from simpler elements without significant sacrifice of efficacy.

© 2016 Optical Society of America

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