Abstract

Cluster entangled states are often used as the fundamental resources for one-way quantum computation. In this paper, we put forward a scheme of generating the spatial cluster entangled states of Laguerre–Gaussian modes in a large-Fresnel-number degenerate optical parametric oscillator operating below threshold with type I phase matching, which is pumped by two spatial Laguerre–Gaussian modes with the same frequency. The nonlinear parametric process of each pump mode satisfies momentum, energy, and orbit angular momentum conservation. Eleven-partite spatial cluster entangled states of Laguerre–Gaussian modes can be produced in the optical mode comb under feasible experimental condition, which can be demonstrated by using the entanglement criterion proposed by van Loock and Furusawa.

© 2016 Optical Society of America

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