Abstract

A new ultraviolet nonlinear optical crystal CsBe2BO3F2 has been grown by the flux method with relatively greater size and thickness along the z axis. The crystal structure was determined by single-crystal x-ray diffraction anal ysis and the space group of it was defined as R32, belonging to the uniaxial class. Optical properties including the ultraviolet absorption edges, refractive indices, phase-matching angles, and effective nonlinear optical coefficients have been systematically determined for the first time. Based on the measured refractive indices, the Sellmeier equations were also fitted.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

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  1. T. Kiss, F. Kanetaka, T. Yokoya, T. Shimojima, K. Kanai, S. Shin, Y. Onuki, T. Togashi, C. Zhang, C. T. Chen, and S. Watanabe, “Photoemission spectroscopic evidence of gap anisotropy in an f-electron superconductor,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 057001(2005).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  2. W. Zhang, G. Liu, L. Zhao, H. Y. Liu, J. Q. Meng, X. L. Dong, W. Lu, J. S. Wen, Z. J. Xu, G. D. Gu, G. L. Wang, Y. Zhu, H. B. Zhang, Y. Zhou, X. Y. Wang, Z. X. Zhao, C. T. Chen, Z. Y. Xu, and X. J. Zhou, “Identification of a new form of electron coupling in the Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8 superconductor by laser-based angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 107002(2008).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  3. T. Kanai, X. Y. Wang, S. Adachi, S. Watanabe, and C. T. Chen, “Watt-level tunable deep ultraviolet light source by a KBBF prism-coupled device,” Opt. Express 17, 8696–8703 (2009).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  4. C. T. Chen, G. L. Wang, X. Y. Wang, and Z. Y. Xu, “Deep-UV nonlinear optical crystal KBe2BO3F2—discovery, growth, optical properties and applications,” Appl. Phys. B 97, 9–25 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  5. T. Togashi, T. Kanai, T. Sekikawa, S. Watanabe, C. T. Chen, C. Zhang, Z. Xu, and J. Wang, “Generation of vacuum-ultraviolet light by an optically contacted, prism-coupled KBe2BO3F2 crystal,” Opt. Lett. 28, 254–256 (2003).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  6. C. T. Chen, N. Y. J. Lin, J. Jiang, W. R. Zeng, and B. C. Wu, “Computer-assisted search for nonlinear optical crystals,” Adv. Mater. 11, 1071–1078 (1999).
    [Crossref]
  7. Z. S. Lin, Z. Z. Wang, C. T. Chen, S. K. Chen, and M. H. Lee, “Mechanism for linear and nonlinear optical effects in KBe2BO3F2 crystal,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 367, 523–527 (2003).
    [Crossref]
  8. X. H. Wen, “Study on the growth and properties of the nonlinear optical crystals: MBBF (M=Na, K, Rb, Cs),” Ph.D. dissertation (Chinese Academy of Sciences, 2006).
  9. C. T. Chen, X. H. Wen, R. K. Li, and C. Q. Zhang, “Fluoroberyllium borate nonlinear optical crystals and their growth and applications,” China patent ZL 200510088739.3(CN 100526521C)(2006).
  10. C. T. Chen, S. Y. Luo, X. Y. Wang, G. L. Wang, X. H. Wen, H. X. Wu, X. Zhang, and Z. Y. Xu, “Deep UV nonlinear optical crystal: RbBe2BO3F2,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 26, 1519–1525 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  11. I. A. Baydina, V. V. Bakakin, L. P. Bacanova, and N. A. Pal’chik, “X-ray structural study of borato-fluoroberyllates with the composition MBe2BO3F2 (M=Na, K, Rb, Cs),” Zh. Strukt. Khim. 16, 963–965 (1975).
    [Crossref]
  12. L. Mei, X. Huang, Y. Wang, Q. Wu, B. Wu, and C. Chen, “Crystal structure of KBe2BO3F2,” Z. Kristallogr. 210, 93–95 (1995).
    [Crossref]
  13. C. D. McMillen and J. W. Kolis, “Hydrothermal crystal growth of ABe2BO3F2 (A=K, Rb, Cs, Tl) NLO crystals,” J. Cryst. Growth 310, 2033–2038 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  14. X. Zhang, X. A. Wang, G. L. Wang, Y. C. Wu, Y. Zhu, and C. T. Chen, “Determination of the nonlinear optical coefficients of the LixCs(1−x)B3O5 crystals,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24, 2877–2882(2007).
    [Crossref]

2009 (3)

2008 (2)

W. Zhang, G. Liu, L. Zhao, H. Y. Liu, J. Q. Meng, X. L. Dong, W. Lu, J. S. Wen, Z. J. Xu, G. D. Gu, G. L. Wang, Y. Zhu, H. B. Zhang, Y. Zhou, X. Y. Wang, Z. X. Zhao, C. T. Chen, Z. Y. Xu, and X. J. Zhou, “Identification of a new form of electron coupling in the Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8 superconductor by laser-based angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 107002(2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. D. McMillen and J. W. Kolis, “Hydrothermal crystal growth of ABe2BO3F2 (A=K, Rb, Cs, Tl) NLO crystals,” J. Cryst. Growth 310, 2033–2038 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (1)

2005 (1)

T. Kiss, F. Kanetaka, T. Yokoya, T. Shimojima, K. Kanai, S. Shin, Y. Onuki, T. Togashi, C. Zhang, C. T. Chen, and S. Watanabe, “Photoemission spectroscopic evidence of gap anisotropy in an f-electron superconductor,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 057001(2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2003 (2)

T. Togashi, T. Kanai, T. Sekikawa, S. Watanabe, C. T. Chen, C. Zhang, Z. Xu, and J. Wang, “Generation of vacuum-ultraviolet light by an optically contacted, prism-coupled KBe2BO3F2 crystal,” Opt. Lett. 28, 254–256 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. S. Lin, Z. Z. Wang, C. T. Chen, S. K. Chen, and M. H. Lee, “Mechanism for linear and nonlinear optical effects in KBe2BO3F2 crystal,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 367, 523–527 (2003).
[Crossref]

1999 (1)

C. T. Chen, N. Y. J. Lin, J. Jiang, W. R. Zeng, and B. C. Wu, “Computer-assisted search for nonlinear optical crystals,” Adv. Mater. 11, 1071–1078 (1999).
[Crossref]

1995 (1)

L. Mei, X. Huang, Y. Wang, Q. Wu, B. Wu, and C. Chen, “Crystal structure of KBe2BO3F2,” Z. Kristallogr. 210, 93–95 (1995).
[Crossref]

1975 (1)

I. A. Baydina, V. V. Bakakin, L. P. Bacanova, and N. A. Pal’chik, “X-ray structural study of borato-fluoroberyllates with the composition MBe2BO3F2 (M=Na, K, Rb, Cs),” Zh. Strukt. Khim. 16, 963–965 (1975).
[Crossref]

Adachi, S.

Bacanova, L. P.

I. A. Baydina, V. V. Bakakin, L. P. Bacanova, and N. A. Pal’chik, “X-ray structural study of borato-fluoroberyllates with the composition MBe2BO3F2 (M=Na, K, Rb, Cs),” Zh. Strukt. Khim. 16, 963–965 (1975).
[Crossref]

Bakakin, V. V.

I. A. Baydina, V. V. Bakakin, L. P. Bacanova, and N. A. Pal’chik, “X-ray structural study of borato-fluoroberyllates with the composition MBe2BO3F2 (M=Na, K, Rb, Cs),” Zh. Strukt. Khim. 16, 963–965 (1975).
[Crossref]

Baydina, I. A.

I. A. Baydina, V. V. Bakakin, L. P. Bacanova, and N. A. Pal’chik, “X-ray structural study of borato-fluoroberyllates with the composition MBe2BO3F2 (M=Na, K, Rb, Cs),” Zh. Strukt. Khim. 16, 963–965 (1975).
[Crossref]

Chen, C.

L. Mei, X. Huang, Y. Wang, Q. Wu, B. Wu, and C. Chen, “Crystal structure of KBe2BO3F2,” Z. Kristallogr. 210, 93–95 (1995).
[Crossref]

Chen, C. T.

C. T. Chen, G. L. Wang, X. Y. Wang, and Z. Y. Xu, “Deep-UV nonlinear optical crystal KBe2BO3F2—discovery, growth, optical properties and applications,” Appl. Phys. B 97, 9–25 (2009).
[Crossref]

T. Kanai, X. Y. Wang, S. Adachi, S. Watanabe, and C. T. Chen, “Watt-level tunable deep ultraviolet light source by a KBBF prism-coupled device,” Opt. Express 17, 8696–8703 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. T. Chen, S. Y. Luo, X. Y. Wang, G. L. Wang, X. H. Wen, H. X. Wu, X. Zhang, and Z. Y. Xu, “Deep UV nonlinear optical crystal: RbBe2BO3F2,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 26, 1519–1525 (2009).
[Crossref]

W. Zhang, G. Liu, L. Zhao, H. Y. Liu, J. Q. Meng, X. L. Dong, W. Lu, J. S. Wen, Z. J. Xu, G. D. Gu, G. L. Wang, Y. Zhu, H. B. Zhang, Y. Zhou, X. Y. Wang, Z. X. Zhao, C. T. Chen, Z. Y. Xu, and X. J. Zhou, “Identification of a new form of electron coupling in the Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8 superconductor by laser-based angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 107002(2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Zhang, X. A. Wang, G. L. Wang, Y. C. Wu, Y. Zhu, and C. T. Chen, “Determination of the nonlinear optical coefficients of the LixCs(1−x)B3O5 crystals,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24, 2877–2882(2007).
[Crossref]

T. Kiss, F. Kanetaka, T. Yokoya, T. Shimojima, K. Kanai, S. Shin, Y. Onuki, T. Togashi, C. Zhang, C. T. Chen, and S. Watanabe, “Photoemission spectroscopic evidence of gap anisotropy in an f-electron superconductor,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 057001(2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Togashi, T. Kanai, T. Sekikawa, S. Watanabe, C. T. Chen, C. Zhang, Z. Xu, and J. Wang, “Generation of vacuum-ultraviolet light by an optically contacted, prism-coupled KBe2BO3F2 crystal,” Opt. Lett. 28, 254–256 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. S. Lin, Z. Z. Wang, C. T. Chen, S. K. Chen, and M. H. Lee, “Mechanism for linear and nonlinear optical effects in KBe2BO3F2 crystal,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 367, 523–527 (2003).
[Crossref]

C. T. Chen, N. Y. J. Lin, J. Jiang, W. R. Zeng, and B. C. Wu, “Computer-assisted search for nonlinear optical crystals,” Adv. Mater. 11, 1071–1078 (1999).
[Crossref]

C. T. Chen, X. H. Wen, R. K. Li, and C. Q. Zhang, “Fluoroberyllium borate nonlinear optical crystals and their growth and applications,” China patent ZL 200510088739.3(CN 100526521C)(2006).

Chen, S. K.

Z. S. Lin, Z. Z. Wang, C. T. Chen, S. K. Chen, and M. H. Lee, “Mechanism for linear and nonlinear optical effects in KBe2BO3F2 crystal,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 367, 523–527 (2003).
[Crossref]

Dong, X. L.

W. Zhang, G. Liu, L. Zhao, H. Y. Liu, J. Q. Meng, X. L. Dong, W. Lu, J. S. Wen, Z. J. Xu, G. D. Gu, G. L. Wang, Y. Zhu, H. B. Zhang, Y. Zhou, X. Y. Wang, Z. X. Zhao, C. T. Chen, Z. Y. Xu, and X. J. Zhou, “Identification of a new form of electron coupling in the Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8 superconductor by laser-based angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 107002(2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gu, G. D.

W. Zhang, G. Liu, L. Zhao, H. Y. Liu, J. Q. Meng, X. L. Dong, W. Lu, J. S. Wen, Z. J. Xu, G. D. Gu, G. L. Wang, Y. Zhu, H. B. Zhang, Y. Zhou, X. Y. Wang, Z. X. Zhao, C. T. Chen, Z. Y. Xu, and X. J. Zhou, “Identification of a new form of electron coupling in the Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8 superconductor by laser-based angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 107002(2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Huang, X.

L. Mei, X. Huang, Y. Wang, Q. Wu, B. Wu, and C. Chen, “Crystal structure of KBe2BO3F2,” Z. Kristallogr. 210, 93–95 (1995).
[Crossref]

Jiang, J.

C. T. Chen, N. Y. J. Lin, J. Jiang, W. R. Zeng, and B. C. Wu, “Computer-assisted search for nonlinear optical crystals,” Adv. Mater. 11, 1071–1078 (1999).
[Crossref]

Kanai, K.

T. Kiss, F. Kanetaka, T. Yokoya, T. Shimojima, K. Kanai, S. Shin, Y. Onuki, T. Togashi, C. Zhang, C. T. Chen, and S. Watanabe, “Photoemission spectroscopic evidence of gap anisotropy in an f-electron superconductor,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 057001(2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kanai, T.

Kanetaka, F.

T. Kiss, F. Kanetaka, T. Yokoya, T. Shimojima, K. Kanai, S. Shin, Y. Onuki, T. Togashi, C. Zhang, C. T. Chen, and S. Watanabe, “Photoemission spectroscopic evidence of gap anisotropy in an f-electron superconductor,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 057001(2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kiss, T.

T. Kiss, F. Kanetaka, T. Yokoya, T. Shimojima, K. Kanai, S. Shin, Y. Onuki, T. Togashi, C. Zhang, C. T. Chen, and S. Watanabe, “Photoemission spectroscopic evidence of gap anisotropy in an f-electron superconductor,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 057001(2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kolis, J. W.

C. D. McMillen and J. W. Kolis, “Hydrothermal crystal growth of ABe2BO3F2 (A=K, Rb, Cs, Tl) NLO crystals,” J. Cryst. Growth 310, 2033–2038 (2008).
[Crossref]

Lee, M. H.

Z. S. Lin, Z. Z. Wang, C. T. Chen, S. K. Chen, and M. H. Lee, “Mechanism for linear and nonlinear optical effects in KBe2BO3F2 crystal,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 367, 523–527 (2003).
[Crossref]

Li, R. K.

C. T. Chen, X. H. Wen, R. K. Li, and C. Q. Zhang, “Fluoroberyllium borate nonlinear optical crystals and their growth and applications,” China patent ZL 200510088739.3(CN 100526521C)(2006).

Lin, N. Y. J.

C. T. Chen, N. Y. J. Lin, J. Jiang, W. R. Zeng, and B. C. Wu, “Computer-assisted search for nonlinear optical crystals,” Adv. Mater. 11, 1071–1078 (1999).
[Crossref]

Lin, Z. S.

Z. S. Lin, Z. Z. Wang, C. T. Chen, S. K. Chen, and M. H. Lee, “Mechanism for linear and nonlinear optical effects in KBe2BO3F2 crystal,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 367, 523–527 (2003).
[Crossref]

Liu, G.

W. Zhang, G. Liu, L. Zhao, H. Y. Liu, J. Q. Meng, X. L. Dong, W. Lu, J. S. Wen, Z. J. Xu, G. D. Gu, G. L. Wang, Y. Zhu, H. B. Zhang, Y. Zhou, X. Y. Wang, Z. X. Zhao, C. T. Chen, Z. Y. Xu, and X. J. Zhou, “Identification of a new form of electron coupling in the Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8 superconductor by laser-based angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 107002(2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liu, H. Y.

W. Zhang, G. Liu, L. Zhao, H. Y. Liu, J. Q. Meng, X. L. Dong, W. Lu, J. S. Wen, Z. J. Xu, G. D. Gu, G. L. Wang, Y. Zhu, H. B. Zhang, Y. Zhou, X. Y. Wang, Z. X. Zhao, C. T. Chen, Z. Y. Xu, and X. J. Zhou, “Identification of a new form of electron coupling in the Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8 superconductor by laser-based angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 107002(2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lu, W.

W. Zhang, G. Liu, L. Zhao, H. Y. Liu, J. Q. Meng, X. L. Dong, W. Lu, J. S. Wen, Z. J. Xu, G. D. Gu, G. L. Wang, Y. Zhu, H. B. Zhang, Y. Zhou, X. Y. Wang, Z. X. Zhao, C. T. Chen, Z. Y. Xu, and X. J. Zhou, “Identification of a new form of electron coupling in the Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8 superconductor by laser-based angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 107002(2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Luo, S. Y.

McMillen, C. D.

C. D. McMillen and J. W. Kolis, “Hydrothermal crystal growth of ABe2BO3F2 (A=K, Rb, Cs, Tl) NLO crystals,” J. Cryst. Growth 310, 2033–2038 (2008).
[Crossref]

Mei, L.

L. Mei, X. Huang, Y. Wang, Q. Wu, B. Wu, and C. Chen, “Crystal structure of KBe2BO3F2,” Z. Kristallogr. 210, 93–95 (1995).
[Crossref]

Meng, J. Q.

W. Zhang, G. Liu, L. Zhao, H. Y. Liu, J. Q. Meng, X. L. Dong, W. Lu, J. S. Wen, Z. J. Xu, G. D. Gu, G. L. Wang, Y. Zhu, H. B. Zhang, Y. Zhou, X. Y. Wang, Z. X. Zhao, C. T. Chen, Z. Y. Xu, and X. J. Zhou, “Identification of a new form of electron coupling in the Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8 superconductor by laser-based angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 107002(2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Onuki, Y.

T. Kiss, F. Kanetaka, T. Yokoya, T. Shimojima, K. Kanai, S. Shin, Y. Onuki, T. Togashi, C. Zhang, C. T. Chen, and S. Watanabe, “Photoemission spectroscopic evidence of gap anisotropy in an f-electron superconductor,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 057001(2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pal’chik, N. A.

I. A. Baydina, V. V. Bakakin, L. P. Bacanova, and N. A. Pal’chik, “X-ray structural study of borato-fluoroberyllates with the composition MBe2BO3F2 (M=Na, K, Rb, Cs),” Zh. Strukt. Khim. 16, 963–965 (1975).
[Crossref]

Sekikawa, T.

Shimojima, T.

T. Kiss, F. Kanetaka, T. Yokoya, T. Shimojima, K. Kanai, S. Shin, Y. Onuki, T. Togashi, C. Zhang, C. T. Chen, and S. Watanabe, “Photoemission spectroscopic evidence of gap anisotropy in an f-electron superconductor,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 057001(2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shin, S.

T. Kiss, F. Kanetaka, T. Yokoya, T. Shimojima, K. Kanai, S. Shin, Y. Onuki, T. Togashi, C. Zhang, C. T. Chen, and S. Watanabe, “Photoemission spectroscopic evidence of gap anisotropy in an f-electron superconductor,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 057001(2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Togashi, T.

T. Kiss, F. Kanetaka, T. Yokoya, T. Shimojima, K. Kanai, S. Shin, Y. Onuki, T. Togashi, C. Zhang, C. T. Chen, and S. Watanabe, “Photoemission spectroscopic evidence of gap anisotropy in an f-electron superconductor,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 057001(2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Togashi, T. Kanai, T. Sekikawa, S. Watanabe, C. T. Chen, C. Zhang, Z. Xu, and J. Wang, “Generation of vacuum-ultraviolet light by an optically contacted, prism-coupled KBe2BO3F2 crystal,” Opt. Lett. 28, 254–256 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, G. L.

C. T. Chen, G. L. Wang, X. Y. Wang, and Z. Y. Xu, “Deep-UV nonlinear optical crystal KBe2BO3F2—discovery, growth, optical properties and applications,” Appl. Phys. B 97, 9–25 (2009).
[Crossref]

C. T. Chen, S. Y. Luo, X. Y. Wang, G. L. Wang, X. H. Wen, H. X. Wu, X. Zhang, and Z. Y. Xu, “Deep UV nonlinear optical crystal: RbBe2BO3F2,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 26, 1519–1525 (2009).
[Crossref]

W. Zhang, G. Liu, L. Zhao, H. Y. Liu, J. Q. Meng, X. L. Dong, W. Lu, J. S. Wen, Z. J. Xu, G. D. Gu, G. L. Wang, Y. Zhu, H. B. Zhang, Y. Zhou, X. Y. Wang, Z. X. Zhao, C. T. Chen, Z. Y. Xu, and X. J. Zhou, “Identification of a new form of electron coupling in the Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8 superconductor by laser-based angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 107002(2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Zhang, X. A. Wang, G. L. Wang, Y. C. Wu, Y. Zhu, and C. T. Chen, “Determination of the nonlinear optical coefficients of the LixCs(1−x)B3O5 crystals,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24, 2877–2882(2007).
[Crossref]

Wang, J.

Wang, X. A.

Wang, X. Y.

T. Kanai, X. Y. Wang, S. Adachi, S. Watanabe, and C. T. Chen, “Watt-level tunable deep ultraviolet light source by a KBBF prism-coupled device,” Opt. Express 17, 8696–8703 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. T. Chen, S. Y. Luo, X. Y. Wang, G. L. Wang, X. H. Wen, H. X. Wu, X. Zhang, and Z. Y. Xu, “Deep UV nonlinear optical crystal: RbBe2BO3F2,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 26, 1519–1525 (2009).
[Crossref]

C. T. Chen, G. L. Wang, X. Y. Wang, and Z. Y. Xu, “Deep-UV nonlinear optical crystal KBe2BO3F2—discovery, growth, optical properties and applications,” Appl. Phys. B 97, 9–25 (2009).
[Crossref]

W. Zhang, G. Liu, L. Zhao, H. Y. Liu, J. Q. Meng, X. L. Dong, W. Lu, J. S. Wen, Z. J. Xu, G. D. Gu, G. L. Wang, Y. Zhu, H. B. Zhang, Y. Zhou, X. Y. Wang, Z. X. Zhao, C. T. Chen, Z. Y. Xu, and X. J. Zhou, “Identification of a new form of electron coupling in the Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8 superconductor by laser-based angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 107002(2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, Y.

L. Mei, X. Huang, Y. Wang, Q. Wu, B. Wu, and C. Chen, “Crystal structure of KBe2BO3F2,” Z. Kristallogr. 210, 93–95 (1995).
[Crossref]

Wang, Z. Z.

Z. S. Lin, Z. Z. Wang, C. T. Chen, S. K. Chen, and M. H. Lee, “Mechanism for linear and nonlinear optical effects in KBe2BO3F2 crystal,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 367, 523–527 (2003).
[Crossref]

Watanabe, S.

Wen, J. S.

W. Zhang, G. Liu, L. Zhao, H. Y. Liu, J. Q. Meng, X. L. Dong, W. Lu, J. S. Wen, Z. J. Xu, G. D. Gu, G. L. Wang, Y. Zhu, H. B. Zhang, Y. Zhou, X. Y. Wang, Z. X. Zhao, C. T. Chen, Z. Y. Xu, and X. J. Zhou, “Identification of a new form of electron coupling in the Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8 superconductor by laser-based angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 107002(2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wen, X. H.

C. T. Chen, S. Y. Luo, X. Y. Wang, G. L. Wang, X. H. Wen, H. X. Wu, X. Zhang, and Z. Y. Xu, “Deep UV nonlinear optical crystal: RbBe2BO3F2,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 26, 1519–1525 (2009).
[Crossref]

C. T. Chen, X. H. Wen, R. K. Li, and C. Q. Zhang, “Fluoroberyllium borate nonlinear optical crystals and their growth and applications,” China patent ZL 200510088739.3(CN 100526521C)(2006).

X. H. Wen, “Study on the growth and properties of the nonlinear optical crystals: MBBF (M=Na, K, Rb, Cs),” Ph.D. dissertation (Chinese Academy of Sciences, 2006).

Wu, B.

L. Mei, X. Huang, Y. Wang, Q. Wu, B. Wu, and C. Chen, “Crystal structure of KBe2BO3F2,” Z. Kristallogr. 210, 93–95 (1995).
[Crossref]

Wu, B. C.

C. T. Chen, N. Y. J. Lin, J. Jiang, W. R. Zeng, and B. C. Wu, “Computer-assisted search for nonlinear optical crystals,” Adv. Mater. 11, 1071–1078 (1999).
[Crossref]

Wu, H. X.

Wu, Q.

L. Mei, X. Huang, Y. Wang, Q. Wu, B. Wu, and C. Chen, “Crystal structure of KBe2BO3F2,” Z. Kristallogr. 210, 93–95 (1995).
[Crossref]

Wu, Y. C.

Xu, Z.

Xu, Z. J.

W. Zhang, G. Liu, L. Zhao, H. Y. Liu, J. Q. Meng, X. L. Dong, W. Lu, J. S. Wen, Z. J. Xu, G. D. Gu, G. L. Wang, Y. Zhu, H. B. Zhang, Y. Zhou, X. Y. Wang, Z. X. Zhao, C. T. Chen, Z. Y. Xu, and X. J. Zhou, “Identification of a new form of electron coupling in the Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8 superconductor by laser-based angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 107002(2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xu, Z. Y.

C. T. Chen, G. L. Wang, X. Y. Wang, and Z. Y. Xu, “Deep-UV nonlinear optical crystal KBe2BO3F2—discovery, growth, optical properties and applications,” Appl. Phys. B 97, 9–25 (2009).
[Crossref]

C. T. Chen, S. Y. Luo, X. Y. Wang, G. L. Wang, X. H. Wen, H. X. Wu, X. Zhang, and Z. Y. Xu, “Deep UV nonlinear optical crystal: RbBe2BO3F2,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 26, 1519–1525 (2009).
[Crossref]

W. Zhang, G. Liu, L. Zhao, H. Y. Liu, J. Q. Meng, X. L. Dong, W. Lu, J. S. Wen, Z. J. Xu, G. D. Gu, G. L. Wang, Y. Zhu, H. B. Zhang, Y. Zhou, X. Y. Wang, Z. X. Zhao, C. T. Chen, Z. Y. Xu, and X. J. Zhou, “Identification of a new form of electron coupling in the Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8 superconductor by laser-based angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 107002(2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yokoya, T.

T. Kiss, F. Kanetaka, T. Yokoya, T. Shimojima, K. Kanai, S. Shin, Y. Onuki, T. Togashi, C. Zhang, C. T. Chen, and S. Watanabe, “Photoemission spectroscopic evidence of gap anisotropy in an f-electron superconductor,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 057001(2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zeng, W. R.

C. T. Chen, N. Y. J. Lin, J. Jiang, W. R. Zeng, and B. C. Wu, “Computer-assisted search for nonlinear optical crystals,” Adv. Mater. 11, 1071–1078 (1999).
[Crossref]

Zhang, C.

T. Kiss, F. Kanetaka, T. Yokoya, T. Shimojima, K. Kanai, S. Shin, Y. Onuki, T. Togashi, C. Zhang, C. T. Chen, and S. Watanabe, “Photoemission spectroscopic evidence of gap anisotropy in an f-electron superconductor,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 057001(2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Togashi, T. Kanai, T. Sekikawa, S. Watanabe, C. T. Chen, C. Zhang, Z. Xu, and J. Wang, “Generation of vacuum-ultraviolet light by an optically contacted, prism-coupled KBe2BO3F2 crystal,” Opt. Lett. 28, 254–256 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, C. Q.

C. T. Chen, X. H. Wen, R. K. Li, and C. Q. Zhang, “Fluoroberyllium borate nonlinear optical crystals and their growth and applications,” China patent ZL 200510088739.3(CN 100526521C)(2006).

Zhang, H. B.

W. Zhang, G. Liu, L. Zhao, H. Y. Liu, J. Q. Meng, X. L. Dong, W. Lu, J. S. Wen, Z. J. Xu, G. D. Gu, G. L. Wang, Y. Zhu, H. B. Zhang, Y. Zhou, X. Y. Wang, Z. X. Zhao, C. T. Chen, Z. Y. Xu, and X. J. Zhou, “Identification of a new form of electron coupling in the Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8 superconductor by laser-based angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 107002(2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, W.

W. Zhang, G. Liu, L. Zhao, H. Y. Liu, J. Q. Meng, X. L. Dong, W. Lu, J. S. Wen, Z. J. Xu, G. D. Gu, G. L. Wang, Y. Zhu, H. B. Zhang, Y. Zhou, X. Y. Wang, Z. X. Zhao, C. T. Chen, Z. Y. Xu, and X. J. Zhou, “Identification of a new form of electron coupling in the Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8 superconductor by laser-based angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 107002(2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, X.

Zhao, L.

W. Zhang, G. Liu, L. Zhao, H. Y. Liu, J. Q. Meng, X. L. Dong, W. Lu, J. S. Wen, Z. J. Xu, G. D. Gu, G. L. Wang, Y. Zhu, H. B. Zhang, Y. Zhou, X. Y. Wang, Z. X. Zhao, C. T. Chen, Z. Y. Xu, and X. J. Zhou, “Identification of a new form of electron coupling in the Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8 superconductor by laser-based angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 107002(2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhao, Z. X.

W. Zhang, G. Liu, L. Zhao, H. Y. Liu, J. Q. Meng, X. L. Dong, W. Lu, J. S. Wen, Z. J. Xu, G. D. Gu, G. L. Wang, Y. Zhu, H. B. Zhang, Y. Zhou, X. Y. Wang, Z. X. Zhao, C. T. Chen, Z. Y. Xu, and X. J. Zhou, “Identification of a new form of electron coupling in the Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8 superconductor by laser-based angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 107002(2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhou, X. J.

W. Zhang, G. Liu, L. Zhao, H. Y. Liu, J. Q. Meng, X. L. Dong, W. Lu, J. S. Wen, Z. J. Xu, G. D. Gu, G. L. Wang, Y. Zhu, H. B. Zhang, Y. Zhou, X. Y. Wang, Z. X. Zhao, C. T. Chen, Z. Y. Xu, and X. J. Zhou, “Identification of a new form of electron coupling in the Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8 superconductor by laser-based angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 107002(2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhou, Y.

W. Zhang, G. Liu, L. Zhao, H. Y. Liu, J. Q. Meng, X. L. Dong, W. Lu, J. S. Wen, Z. J. Xu, G. D. Gu, G. L. Wang, Y. Zhu, H. B. Zhang, Y. Zhou, X. Y. Wang, Z. X. Zhao, C. T. Chen, Z. Y. Xu, and X. J. Zhou, “Identification of a new form of electron coupling in the Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8 superconductor by laser-based angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 107002(2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhu, Y.

W. Zhang, G. Liu, L. Zhao, H. Y. Liu, J. Q. Meng, X. L. Dong, W. Lu, J. S. Wen, Z. J. Xu, G. D. Gu, G. L. Wang, Y. Zhu, H. B. Zhang, Y. Zhou, X. Y. Wang, Z. X. Zhao, C. T. Chen, Z. Y. Xu, and X. J. Zhou, “Identification of a new form of electron coupling in the Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8 superconductor by laser-based angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 107002(2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Zhang, X. A. Wang, G. L. Wang, Y. C. Wu, Y. Zhu, and C. T. Chen, “Determination of the nonlinear optical coefficients of the LixCs(1−x)B3O5 crystals,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24, 2877–2882(2007).
[Crossref]

Adv. Mater. (1)

C. T. Chen, N. Y. J. Lin, J. Jiang, W. R. Zeng, and B. C. Wu, “Computer-assisted search for nonlinear optical crystals,” Adv. Mater. 11, 1071–1078 (1999).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. B (1)

C. T. Chen, G. L. Wang, X. Y. Wang, and Z. Y. Xu, “Deep-UV nonlinear optical crystal KBe2BO3F2—discovery, growth, optical properties and applications,” Appl. Phys. B 97, 9–25 (2009).
[Crossref]

Chem. Phys. Lett. (1)

Z. S. Lin, Z. Z. Wang, C. T. Chen, S. K. Chen, and M. H. Lee, “Mechanism for linear and nonlinear optical effects in KBe2BO3F2 crystal,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 367, 523–527 (2003).
[Crossref]

J. Cryst. Growth (1)

C. D. McMillen and J. W. Kolis, “Hydrothermal crystal growth of ABe2BO3F2 (A=K, Rb, Cs, Tl) NLO crystals,” J. Cryst. Growth 310, 2033–2038 (2008).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

T. Kiss, F. Kanetaka, T. Yokoya, T. Shimojima, K. Kanai, S. Shin, Y. Onuki, T. Togashi, C. Zhang, C. T. Chen, and S. Watanabe, “Photoemission spectroscopic evidence of gap anisotropy in an f-electron superconductor,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 057001(2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Zhang, G. Liu, L. Zhao, H. Y. Liu, J. Q. Meng, X. L. Dong, W. Lu, J. S. Wen, Z. J. Xu, G. D. Gu, G. L. Wang, Y. Zhu, H. B. Zhang, Y. Zhou, X. Y. Wang, Z. X. Zhao, C. T. Chen, Z. Y. Xu, and X. J. Zhou, “Identification of a new form of electron coupling in the Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8 superconductor by laser-based angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 107002(2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Kristallogr. (1)

L. Mei, X. Huang, Y. Wang, Q. Wu, B. Wu, and C. Chen, “Crystal structure of KBe2BO3F2,” Z. Kristallogr. 210, 93–95 (1995).
[Crossref]

Zh. Strukt. Khim. (1)

I. A. Baydina, V. V. Bakakin, L. P. Bacanova, and N. A. Pal’chik, “X-ray structural study of borato-fluoroberyllates with the composition MBe2BO3F2 (M=Na, K, Rb, Cs),” Zh. Strukt. Khim. 16, 963–965 (1975).
[Crossref]

Other (2)

X. H. Wen, “Study on the growth and properties of the nonlinear optical crystals: MBBF (M=Na, K, Rb, Cs),” Ph.D. dissertation (Chinese Academy of Sciences, 2006).

C. T. Chen, X. H. Wen, R. K. Li, and C. Q. Zhang, “Fluoroberyllium borate nonlinear optical crystals and their growth and applications,” China patent ZL 200510088739.3(CN 100526521C)(2006).

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Figures (9)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Interference pattern of CBBF along the c axis.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 (a) Structure of CBBF crystal. (b) Planar lattice of ( Be 2 BO 3 F 2 ) .
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 (a) Single CBBF crystal in relatively regular shape with size 30 × 30 × 2 mm 3 . (b) Another cut and polished CBBF crystal with thickness of 2.3 mm .
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 DSC curve of CBBF crystal.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Transmittance of CBBF crystal in the UV region.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Transmittance of CBBF crystal in the IR region.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 Refractive indices dispersion curve. Circles and points, experimental values; curves, fits given by the Sellmeier equation.
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 Type-I SHG phase-matching angles versus fundamental wavelength for CBBF in the whole spectral region. Solid line, curve calculated from the Sellmeier equations; points, data from the experiments.
Fig. 9
Fig. 9 Maker fringes of the d 11 coefficient of CBBF. Solid curve, experimental Maker fringe of d 11 ; dashed curves, fitted fringes and envelope.

Tables (4)

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Table 1 Crystallographic Data and X-ray Rietveld Refinement for CBBF

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Table 2 Atomic Coordinates and Overall Isotropic Thermal Displacement Parameter for CBBF

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Table 3 Measured and Calculated Refractive Indices of CBBF with Δ as the Absolute Value of the Difference between the Measured and Calculated Values.

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Table 4 Phase-matching Angles for Type-I SHG with CBBF a

Equations (4)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

Cs 2 CO 3 + 4 BeO + 2 NH 4 HF 2 + 2 H 3 BO 3 = 2 CsBe 2 BO 3 F 2 + CO 2 + 5 H 2 O + 2 NH 3 .
n o 2 = 2.2562126 + 0.0091453 λ 2 0.0126509 0.0101828 λ 2 n e 2 = 2.0802682 + 0.0070027 λ 2 0.0109331 0.0047423 λ 2 ( units of   λ are   in   μm ) .
d i j = [ d 11 d 11 0 d 14 0 0 0 0 0 0 d 14 d 11 0 0 0 0 0 0 ] .
d eff = d 11 cos θ cos 3 Φ ,   type I d eff = d 11 cos 2 θ sin 3 Φ ,   type II .

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