Abstract

The addition of a uniform increment of light to a high-contrast image that has been stabilized on the retina reveals marked perceptual nonlinearities. When the increment is small, the pattern appears in its original phase (OP), large increments produce an apparent phase reversal (APR), and intermediate increments may yield an apparently blank field or an oscillation of the apparent phase. In the present series of studies the threshold values used to produce a stable OP and APR were determined as a function of adaptation time before the application of the increment. The stabilized target had a luminance profile consisting of the difference of two Gaussians. A model of detection incorporating a multiplicative gain controlled by a filtered version of the stimulus was used to account for the occurrence of the OP and the APR and the transitory phenomena following the uniform increment. It is argued that the midpoint of the transition zone between the OP and APR, corresponding to blanking, enables us to estimate the shape of the step response function of the gain filter independently of the subsequent detection processes.

© 1991 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article
OSA Recommended Articles
Apparent phase reversal during stabilized image fading

Ulker Tulunay-Keesey, Bahaa E. A. Saleh, James N. Ver Hoeve, and Marvin Hom
J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 4(11) 2166-2175 (1987)

Motion and vision. III. Stabilized pattern adaptation

D. H. Kelly and Christina A. Burbeck
J. Opt. Soc. Am. 70(11) 1283-1289 (1980)

Motion and vision. I. Stabilized images of stationary gratings

D. H. Kelly
J. Opt. Soc. Am. 69(9) 1266-1274 (1979)

References

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Citation lists with outbound citation links are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Cited By

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Cited by links are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Figures (10)

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Figure files are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Equations (23)

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Equations are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Metrics

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Article level metrics are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription