Abstract

A theoretical analysis of extreme-ultraviolet (XUV) Bragg (volume) holographic diffraction structures with arbitrary periodic spatial-modulation profiles is presented, and two basic approaches for the fabrication of XUV holographic optical elements suggested by the theory are discussed. The theoretical results are compared with preliminary experimental observations from XUV Bragg holographic structures recently fabricated in the laboratory, and fairly good agreement is found. This comparison indicates that our holographic materials can reach very high refractive-index modulation (Δn ∼ 0.4) and are thus good candidates for the production of high-efficiency XUV holographic optical elements.

© 1991 Optical Society of America

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