Attentional modulation is specific to either luminance or chromatic contrast discrimination, implying separate attentional resources for processing luminance and chromatic information processing [e.g., Curr. Biol. 12, 1134 (2002) [CrossRef] ]. However, there are two distinct visual pathways that process chromatic information: the parvocellular (PC) and koniocellular (KC) pathways. It is unclear whether there are separate attentional resources modulating the chromatic processes in these pathways. Here, we examined the attentional modulation effects on chromatic contrast discrimination with chromaticities along the $l$ or $s$ cardinal axis on a cone chromaticity space for preferentially stimulating either the inferred PC or KC pathway, respectively. A dual-task interference paradigm was used, and chromatic contrast discrimination sensitivities under dual-task conditions were compared with that under a single-task condition. The results revealed that compared with the single-task condition, attending to a competing central task in the dual-task condition decreased the peripheral discrimination sensitivity in both chromatic cardinal axes, and sensitivity reduced regardless of whether the dual tasks were along the same or different chromatic cardinal axes. These findings indicate that attentional effects on chromatic processes are not specific to the cardinal axis, suggesting that the PC and KC pathways may share a common attention resource in modulating chromatic processing.
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