Abstract

Color vision and spectral sensitivity vary among individuals with normal color vision; thus, for many applications, it is important to measure and correct for an observer’s sensitivity. Full correction would require measuring color and luminance matches and is rarely implemented. However, luminance matches (equiluminance settings) are routinely measured and simple to conduct. We modeled how well an observer’s color matches could be approximated by measuring only luminance sensitivity, since both depend on a common set of factors. We show that lens and macular pigment density and $L/M$ cone ratios alter equiluminance settings in different ways and can therefore be estimated from the settings. In turn, the density variations can account for a large proportion of the normal variation in color matching. Thus, luminance matches may provide a simple method to at least partially predict an observer’s color matches without requiring more complex tasks or equipment.

© 2020 Optical Society of America

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