Abstract

The sub-pixel arrangement of the RGBG panel and the image with RGB format are different and the algorithm that converts RGB to RGBG is urgently needed to display an image with RGB arrangement on the RGBG panel. However, the information loss is still large although color fringing artifacts are weakened in the published papers that study this conversion. In this paper, an RGB-to-RGBG conversion algorithm with adaptive weighting factors based on edge detection and minimal square error (EDMSE) is proposed. The main points of innovation include the following: (1) the edge detection is first proposed to distinguish image details with serious color fringing artifacts and image details which are prone to be lost in the process of RGB-RGBG conversion; (2) for image details with serious color fringing artifacts, the weighting factor 0.5 is applied to weaken the color fringing artifacts; and (3) for image details that are prone to be lost in the process of RGB-RGBG conversion, a special mechanism to minimize square error is proposed. The experiment shows that the color fringing artifacts are slightly improved by EDMSE, and the values of MSE of the image processed are 19.6% and 7% smaller than those of the image processed by the direct assignment and weighting factor algorithm, respectively. The proposed algorithm is implemented on a field programmable gate array to enable the image display on the RGBG panel.

© 2018 Optical Society of America

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