Abstract

A class of four-parameter solvable profiles of the electromagnetic admittance has recently been discovered by applying the newly developed Property & Field Darboux Transformation method (PROFIDT). These profiles are highly flexible. In addition, the related electromagnetic field solutions are exact, in closed form, and involve only elementary functions. In this paper, we focus on those that are S-shaped, and we provide all of the tools needed for easy implementation. These analytical bricks can be used for high-level modeling of lightwave propagation in photonic devices presenting a piecewise-sigmoidal refractive index profile, such as, for example, antireflection layers, rugate filters, chirped filters, and photonic crystals. For small amplitudes of the index modulation, these elementary profiles are very close to a cosine profile. They can therefore be considered as valuable surrogates for computing the scattering properties of components like Bragg filters and reflectors as well. In this paper we present an application for antireflection layers and another for 1D quasi-crystals (QC). The proposed S-shaped profiles can be easily manipulated for exploring the optical properties of smooth QC, a class of photonic devices that adds to the classical binary-level QC.

© 2018 Optical Society of America

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