Abstract

The cortical area V4 produces a representation of curvature as the intermediate-level representation of an object’s shape. We investigated whether sparse coding is the principle driving the generation of the spatial properties of the receptive field in V4 that exhibit curvature selectivity. To investigate the role of sparseness in the construction of curvature representations, we applied component analysis with a sparseness constraint to the activity of model V2 neurons that were responding to shapes derived from natural images. Our simulation results showed that single basis functions with medium degrees of sparseness (0.7–0.8) produced curvature selectivity, and their population activity produced acute curvature bias. The results support the hypothesis that sparseness plays an essential role in the construction of curvature selectivity in V4.

© 2016 Optical Society of America

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