## Abstract

Computationally efficient wave-front reconstruction techniques for astronomical adaptive-optics (AO) systems have seen great development in the past decade. Algorithms developed in the spatial-frequency (Fourier) domain have gathered much attention, especially for high-contrast imaging systems. In this paper we present the Wiener filter (resulting in the maximization of the Strehl ratio) and further develop formulae for the anti-aliasing (AA) Wiener filter that optimally takes into account high-order wave-front terms folded in-band during the sensing (i.e., discrete sampling) process. We employ a continuous spatial-frequency representation for the forward measurement operators and derive the Wiener filter when aliasing is explicitly taken into account. We further investigate and compare to classical estimates using least-squares filters the reconstructed wave-front, measurement noise, and aliasing propagation coefficients as a function of the system order. Regarding high-contrast systems, we provide achievable performance results as a function of an ensemble of forward models for the Shack–Hartmann wave-front sensor (using sparse and nonsparse representations) and compute point-spread-function raw intensities. We find that for a $32\times 32$ single-conjugated AOs system the aliasing propagation coefficient is roughly 60% of the least-squares filters, whereas the noise propagation is around 80%. Contrast improvements of factors of up to 2 are achievable across the field in the H band. For current and next-generation high-contrast imagers, despite better aliasing mitigation, AA Wiener filtering cannot be used as a standalone method and must therefore be used in combination with optical spatial filters deployed before image formation actually takes place.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

Full Article | PDF Article**OSA Recommended Articles**

Lisa A. Poyneer and Bruce Macintosh

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A **21**(5) 810-819 (2004)

Carlos M. Correia, Charlotte Z. Bond, Jean-François Sauvage, Thierry Fusco, Rodolphe Conan, and Peter L. Wizinowich

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A **34**(10) 1877-1887 (2017)

Brent L. Ellerbroek

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A **22**(2) 310-322 (2005)