We provide evidence that the fading of stabilized images and the formation of negative afterimages result from the same local adaptive process. We measure thresholds for stabilized, static, sine-wave gratings and for stabilized flickering sine-wave gratings. We then measure the contrasts of the negative afterimages formed by the threshold-contrast stabilized, static stimuli. (The threshold-contrast flickering gratings produce no visible afterimages.) We find that the difference between the thresholds for stabilized, static gratings and the thresholds for slowly flickering gratings is equal to the contrasts of the afterimages produced by the stabilized, static gratings. We conclude that the fading of these stabilized gratings can be accounted for completely by local adaptation (the process underlying the formation of negative afterimages).
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