Abstract

Phase-conjugate beam fidelity is studied in degenerate four-wave mixing with spatially varying pump beams. The theory includes long-cell-length (or high-gain) effects, diffraction, and nonlinear phase variation, focusing of the probe beam, and, finally, losses. Relatively simple algebraic expressions for the reflectivity are given that cover the cases of collinear or near-collinear beam geometries. An easily calculated parameter is defined that characterizes phase-conjugate fidelity and is applied to study focusing effects. It is shown that focusing effects may be useful in greatly reducing the principal distortion of the phase-conjugate beam over a considerable range of variation of beam parameters.

© 1983 Optical Society of America

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