Abstract

In this paper, we focus on the survivability of elastic optical networks (EONs) that jointly support two types of traffic demands: unicast and anycast. To provide network survivability, we apply multipath routing; i.e., we allow the splitting of a demand into a number of routing paths if the paths’ combination guarantees the realization of a specific demand volume in the case of a single link failure. We formulate the corresponding optimization problem as an integer linear program (ILP) and propose a survivable multipath allocation (SMA) algorithm to solve the problem in a reasonable amount of time. Next, we perform numerical experiments to compare the efficiency (ability to provide a good-quality solution in a reasonable amount of time) of the ILP model and SMA as well as to evaluate the impact of survivable multipath routing on the objective defined as a maximum spectrum usage in EONs. Our results show that the SMA method finds good-quality solutions in a reasonable amount of time and that survivable multipath routing in EONs requires additional spectrum resources, up to 45%. However, the amount of additional resources depends on the required protection level, amount of anycast traffic, the maximum number of paths used for demand realization, and the considered network topology.

© 2016 Optical Society of America

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