Abstract

In this paper, for the first time to the best of our knowledge, a polar-coded multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) free space optical (FSO) communication system is proposed to combat turbulence-induced fading. Here, the spatially correlated fading, which dominates the MIMO FSO system aggravation, is taken into consideration in this polar-coded MIMO FSO system. To evaluate our scheme, the ergodic capacity of the gamma–gamma modeled MIMO FSO turbulence channel with and without spatially correlated fading is studied. The results of ergodic capacity and Monte Carlo simulation show that the polar-coded multiple photodetector scheme can effectively mitigate the fading induced by turbulence, and the polar-coded multiple optical sources scheme is robust to the spatially correlated turbulence. Further, more than 20 dB net coding gain (NCG) is achieved for the polar-coded MIMO FSO scheme in a strong turbulence condition with spatially correlated fading. Compared with low density parity check codes, polar codes achieve a 0.4–1.6 dB NCG improvement under a strong turbulence condition with and without spatially correlated fading, which verifies that our scheme is a promising candidate for combating turbulence-induced fading.

© 2018 Optical Society of America

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