Abstract

Future passive optical network (PON) systems supporting more than 50 Gb/s/λ present a challenge for the use of intensity modulation direct detection (IM-DD). Since coherent technology improves the receiver sensitivity over that of IM-DD, it is a promising candidate for 100 Gb/s or higher PON systems. Introducing hardware-efficient signal processing technologies tailored to PON systems will help render coherent technology suitable for PON systems. We here review hardware-efficient signal processing technologies suitable for PON systems. We introduce two types of simplified adaptive equalization (AEQ), one which sacrifices differential group delay compensation (DGDC), and another which sacrifices some chromatic dispersion compensation but does provide DGDC. Transmission experiments on a 100 Gb/s/λ-based coherent wavelength division multiplexing (WDM) PON system showed that simplified AEQ without DGDC and with DGDC exhibited only 0.2 and 1.4 dB penalty, respectively, compared with conventional DSP. The additional penalty due to the maximum possible cumulative DGD was evaluated by numerical simulation. Conventional AEQ and the simplified AEQ with DGDC showed negligible penalty, but the simplified AEQ without DGDC showed a 1.4 dB penalty. We also introduce simplified carrier phase recovery (CPR) with interpolarization phase offset estimation, and this showed the same performance as the conventional DSP, in both experiment and simulation. Taking these results into account, 100 Gb/s/λ-based coherent WDM PON systems with the simplified AEQs in combination with the simplified CPR were shown to be able to support the loss budget required for eight ONU splits over an 80 km span of single mode fiber.

© 2018 IEEE

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