Abstract

We numerically simulate novel planar plasmonic waveguides and notch filters with excellent guiding and rejection of terahertz (THz) waves with super subwavelength confinement. Our design is based on spoof surface plasmon polaritons—surface plasmon polaritons with a frequency that has been tuned using patterned conductive surfaces. We find that by using patterns of periodically arranged spiral-shaped units, the dispersion characteristics can be engineered at will by tuning the parameters of the spirals. We find that the resulting plasmonic waveguides have much lower asymptotic frequencies and much tighter terahertz field confinement when compared with conventional rectangular-grooved plasmonic waveguides. We show it is possible to design a structure with lateral dimensions that are only 25% the size of the conventional spoof surface plasmon polariton waveguides but with the same asymptotic frequency. Finally, we combined this architecture with broadband couplers to design an ultrawideband low-pass filter with sharp roll-off (cut-off frequency at 1.29 THz) and low insertion loss (<3 dB). Furthermore, by introducing double ring resonators based on spiral-shaped units, a planar plasmonic notch filter with rejection of more than 17 dB between 0.97 and 0.99 THz is demonstrated. The proposed waveguides and notch filters may have great potential applications in the promising terahertz integrated plasmonic circuits and systems.

© 2018 IEEE

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