Abstract

In this paper, a pulse-overlapping super-Nyquist (Pol-SN) wavelength-division multiplexing (WDM) scheme is proposed to improve spectral efficiency of coherent optical transmission. In this scheme, two tributaries of polarization-division multiplexing quadrature phase-shift keying (PDM-QPSK) signals at the transmitter, carried by the same wavelength, are grouped together to allow for pulse overlapping in the time domain. Then, several wavelength channels are packed tightly in the frequency domain to form a super-Nyquist WDM system. At the receiver, three partial-response detection schemes are investigated and compared: 1) constant modulus algorithm (CMA) + duobinary shaping + maximum likelihood sequence estimation (MLSE); 2) duobinary shaping + multimodulus algorithm (MMA) + MLSE; and 3) channel shortening filter. Among these schemes, the easy-to-implement duobinary shaping +MMA + MLSE is selected by virtue of its best performance and lowest complexity. A 224-Gb/s Pol-SN PDM-QPSK system is investigated through numerical simulations. The simulation results show that the channel spacing of the 224 Gb/s Pol-SN PDM-QPSK system can be reduced to 20 GHz (11.2 bit/s/Hz SE) with 7% overhead hard-decision forward-error correction (HD-FEC, 3.8 × 10−3). At 26-GHz channel spacing, Pol-SN PDM-QPSK signals show 5.5-dB OSNR improvement, as compared with the signals of 224-Gb/s super-Nyquist PDM-16QAM. The simulation results also show that 224-Gb/s Pol-SN PDM-QPSK system, with 20-GHz spacing, can transmit up to 1000-km SSMF with 7% overhead HD-FEC.

© 2018 IEEE

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