Abstract

Quantum key distribution (QKD) networking over wavelength-division multiplexing (WDM) network infrastructure provides a new paradigm for secure communications across the networks. With limited wavelength resources in existing WDM networks, how to efficiently schedule QKD to provision sufficient secret keys over WDM networks becomes a new challenge. This study proposes a new time-scheduled scheme in combination with quantum key pool (QKP) technique to overcome this challenge. A new architecture of QKD-over-WDM networks is presented, in which QKPs are constructed to decouple secret-key resources from the underlying infrastructure for timely secret-key provisioning. In the time-scheduled scheme, routing, wavelength, and time-slot allocation (RWTA) problem is proposed for efficient QKP construction (QKPC) over WDM networks, in which three sub-problems (i.e., secret-key consumption, time-slot allocation, and time-slot continuity) are discussed, respectively. An integer linear programming (ILP) model and a novel joint path-and-link-based RWTA (JPL-RWTA) heuristic algorithm are designed to solve the RWTA problem, in which the three sub-problems are addressed together. Simulation results indicate that the ILP model and JPL-RWTA algorithm are effective approaches to obtain the positive balance between resource utilization of QKPC and successful probability of QKPC (SPQKPC). Moreover, the SPQKPC can be increased at the cost of reducing the flexibility of secret-key consumption, the uniformity of time-slot allocation, and the proportion of time-slot continuous QKPC to time-slot discrete QKPC requests.

© 2018 IEEE

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