Abstract

Designs of hollow-core rectangular, circular, and elliptical waveguides with inner coating of silver and polystyrene (PS) are presented for low-loss terahertz guidance. The PS thickness deposited over silver is optimized to achieve the lowest possible loss for each waveguide at the frequency of 2.5 THz. The mode also tends to be a near-Gaussian in shape, easy for coupling to transmitter and receiver. The lowest propagation loss of 0.13 dB/m is obtained for the mode in a circular waveguide with 2200 μm bore diameter by using a full-vectorial finite element method. It is also shown here that rectangular and elliptical waveguides with a similar core area offer a lower loss value for the $\boldsymbol{H}_{21}^{\boldsymbol{y}}$ mode and the $\boldsymbol{L}{\boldsymbol{P}^{02}}$ mode, respectively, compared to a circular waveguide. Besides this optimized rectangular waveguide not only shows a minimum loss of 0.09 dB/m but with 4 times higher loss for the other polarization, hence the polarization state of the signal can also be maintained in this waveguide.

© 2018 IEEE

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