Abstract

In this paper, we study a novel two-stage receiver to demodulate layered asymmetrically clipped optical orthogonal frequency division multiplexing for intensity modulation direct detection based visible light communications. Designed for avoiding the error propagation of the conventional receiver, the first stage of the receiver is a soft interference cancellation (SIC) module which evaluates the minimum mean square error (MMSE) estimates of the signals in different layers. For this stage, we derive the exact formula of the MMSE estimator, and compare the achieved mean square error and bit error rate (BER) with those of the existing simplified SIC receiver. We show that the estimation error in a layer has negligible impact on the design of estimators in the subsequent layers. Using the outputs of the SIC module, the second stage performs noise clipping to suppress the additive noise. For this stage, we present two schemes, the SIC-based iterative noise clipping (SIC-INC) and the SIC-based direct noise clipping (SIC-DNC). The simulation results show that SIC-INC can achieve BERs similar to those of the SIC-based diversity combining receiver with optimum combining coefficients. It is also shown that SIC-DNC outperforms the existing advanced receivers by up to 0.8 dB at the BER of $10^{-4}$ .

© 2018 IEEE

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